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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes For Water Treatment And Power Generation

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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book
Author : Sarper Sarp,Nidal Hilal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-07
ISBN : 9780444639615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Desalination consists of a series of chapters focused on the various types of membrane based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, (such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP)

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book
Author : Sarper Sarp,Nidal Hilal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 0444639624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation focuses on the various types of membrane- based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and from different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large-scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals

Biomass Processing for Biofuels  Bioenergy and Chemicals Book
Author : Wei-Hsin Chen,Hwai Chyuan Ong,Thallada Bhaskar
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 3039289098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Osmosis Engineering

Osmosis Engineering Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Daniel Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 0128231882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage

Advances in Membrane Technologies

Advances in Membrane Technologies Book
Author : Amira Abdelrasoul,Arash Mollahosseini
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789848067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination Book
Author : Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 3030728730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book explores the most promising and reliable technological developments expected to impact on the next generation of desalination systems. The book includes research studies which takes the reader on a fascinating walk through the multidisciplinary world of membrane science applied to water treatment. Concerning the ultimate technological advancement, the book seeks to investigate how to bridge the gap between the laboratory scale and the applicability to industry.

Membrane Technology for Osmotic Power Generation by Pressure Retarded Osmosis

Membrane Technology for Osmotic Power Generation by Pressure Retarded Osmosis Book
Author : Tai-Shung Chung,Chun Feng Wan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-24
ISBN : 100002783X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmotic energy can be effectively harvested through pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) which is the most widely investigated technology due to its greater efficiency and higher power density output and effective membranes are the heart of the PRO technology. This book will cover a broad range of topics, including PRO membranes, fouling, module fabrication, process design, process operation and maintenance. It summarizes the progress in PRO researches in the last decade, and points out the directions for future R&D and commercialization of PRO. It will be of great interest to membrane researcher, company and operators to understand and get insights into the state-of-the-art PRO technologies.

Membrane Engineering

Membrane Engineering Book
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Francesca Macedonio
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 3110281392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern membrane science and technology aids engineers in developing and designing more efficient and environmentally-friendly processes. The optimal material and membrane selection as well as applications in the many involved industries are provided. This work is the ideal introduction for engineers working in membrane science and applications (wastewater, desalination, adsorption, and catalysis), process engineers in separation science, biologists and biochemists, environmental scientists, and most of all students. Its multidisciplinary approach also stimulates thinking of hybrid technologies for current and future life-saving applications (artificial organs, drug delivery).

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Book
Author : Hongbo Du,Audie Thompson,Xinying Wang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 9535139215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Kang-Jia Lu,Tai-Shung Chung
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 1000691004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-28
ISBN : 1782421262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 0128172991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Reverse and Forward Osmosis: Principles, Applications, Advances covers the important aspects of RO, FO and their combination in integrated systems, along with their specific and well-established applications. The book offers an overview of recent developments in the field of forward and reverse osmosis and their applications in water desalination, wastewater treatment, power generation and food processing. General principles, membrane module developments, membrane fouling, modeling, simulation and optimization of both technologies are also covered. The book's ultimate goal is to support the scientific community, professionals and enterprises that aspire to develop new applications. Provides an overview of the advances made in combining reverse osmosis membrane technology and the corresponding forward osmosis Provides a comprehensive review of advanced research on membrane processes for water desalination, wastewater treatments, etc. Addresses key issues in process intensification and extraction of energy from renewable sources Identifies further research needs for the practical implementation of these two membrane technologies

Project Management The Complete Process

Project Management     The Complete Process Book
Author : Vishwanath Murthy
Publisher : Vikas Publishing House
Release : 2022-01-21
ISBN : 9352718747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook covers the entire gamut of project scoping, identification, development and appraisal and is primarily designed to meet the requirements of postgraduate students of management and engineering education. Researchers, consultants, policy makers and professionals in project management will find it a good body of knowledge as a reference source. The objective of the book is to provide a multidisciplinary grounding to the readers so that they can develop all the skills and competencies required to view or manage the entire project management process as an integrated whole. The book has been written in an easy-to-understand style and uses live case studies of renewable energy projects to illustrate the concepts, so that the students/readers understand them in the context of the real world. Though based on renewable energy projects, majority of the concepts explained in the book are applicable to other industrial projects equally – detailed guidance and notes on this aspect is given appropriately in the book.

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion Book
Author : Fausto Gallucci,Martin van Sint Annaland
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 1118449371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the application of process intensification to sustainable energy production, combining two very topical subject areas. Due to the increasing process of petroleum, sustainable energy production technologies must be developed, for example bioenergy, blue energy, chemical looping combustion, concepts for CO2 capture etc. Process intensification offers significant competitive advantages, because it provides more efficient processes, leading to outstanding cost reduction, increased productivity and more environment-friendly processes.

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes Book
Author : Maria Fatima Montemor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 1782422951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes: Transport, Structural, Environmental and Energy Applications provides the latest information on the increase in demand for new smart materials for a wide array of different technological applications. The book comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials used as membranes, barriers, and coatings, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications. Part one examines the properties, processing, and manufacture of smart composite materials, along with techniques for modeling the behavior of these materials, while other sections review the use of smart composite coatings in aerospace, marine, and metal structural applications, examine the protective properties and applications of smart composite coatings, and introduce specific low environmental impact and energy efficient applications, such as energy generation and storage, water management, and stone conservation. Explores the use of smart composite materials for coatings, barriers and membranes Comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications Examines the properties, processing, manufacture and behavior modeling of smart composite materials Focuses on applications that have an impact on more effective energy savings and efficiency, green-house emissions, and environmental protection

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Book
Author : Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 0081003234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. It is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity. Efficient extraction of this energy is not straightforward, however. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients provides a comprehensive review of resources, technologies and applications in this area of fast-growing interest. Key technologies covered include pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis and accumulator mixing. Environmental and economic aspects are also considered, together with the possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy technologies. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. For more than ten years the Editors have been sharing substantial research activities in the fields of renewable energy and desalination, successfully participating to a number of European Union research projects and contributing to the relevant scientific literature with more than 100 papers and 2 books on Desalination technologies and their coupling with Renewable Energy. They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. Covers applications of pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis, and capacitive mixing for salinity gradient power in one convenient volume Presents the environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient energy Explores possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes Book
Author : Pei Li,Yan Wang,Lan-Ying Jiang,Neal Tai-Shung Chung
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-09
ISBN : 303897790X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through reading this book, you will obtain information on: (1) the main problems in air separation and natural gas treatment by membrane separation and how to solve them; (2) processes involving membranes and new membrane materials for the more economical utilization of bio-resources; (3) energy selection and membrane development for more expedient and stable harnessing of the natural osmosis phenomenon; (4) many excellent contributions about catalytic membrane bioreactors; (5) how to fine-tune the arrangement of aquaporins (i.e., proteins identified in biological cells) to achieve superior water treatment efficiency.

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment Book
Author : Rajindar Singh,Nicholas Hankins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0444633162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment provides the latest information on the impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation, a timely issue that is one of the greatest human challenges of the 21st century. The book also discusses the use of membrane technology, a serious contender that can be used to confront the crisis on a global scale, along with its specific uses as a solution to this escalating problem. Provides a unique source on membrane technology and its application for water treatment Focuses on technologies designed for the treatment of seawater and brackish water Highlights the most economically and environmentally friendly membrane technologies Lists various technologies and emphasizes their link to renewable energy, energy efficiency, nanotechnology, reuse, and recycle

Sustainable Power Generation

Sustainable Power Generation Book
Author : Nikolay Belyakov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 0128170123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Power Generation: Current Status, Future Challenges and Perspectives addresses emerging problems faced by the transition to sustainable electricity generation and combines perspectives of engineering and economics to provide a well-rounded overview. This book features an in-depth discussion of the main aspects of sustainable energy and the infrastructure of existing technologies. It goes on to evaluate natural resources that are sustainable and convenient forms of energy, and finishes with an investigation of the environmental effects of energy systems and power generating systems of the future. Other sections tackle fundamental topics such as thermal power, nuclear energy, bioenergy, hydropower, challenges and risks to sustainable options and emerging technologies that support global power trends. Sustainable Power Generation explores the future of sustainable electricity generation, highlighting topics such as energy justice, emerging competences, and major transitions that need to be navigated. This is an ideal reference for researchers, engineers, and other technical specialists working in the energy sector, as well as environmental specialists and policy makers. Provides a multidisciplinary, structured approach to electricity generation, focusing on the key areas of technology, business, project management and sustainability Includes analytics and discussions of sustainability metrics, underlying issues and challenges Presents business cases, offering a mix of academic depth and practicality on energy options

Process Intensification and Integration for Sustainable Design

Process Intensification and Integration for Sustainable Design Book
Author : Dominic C. Y. Foo,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-16
ISBN : 3527345477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents comprehensive coverage of process intensification and integration for sustainable design, along with fundamental techniques and experiences from the industry Drawing from fundamental techniques and recent industrial experiences, this book discusses the many developments in process intensification and integration and focuses on increasing sustainability via several overarching topics such as Sustainable Manufacturing, Energy Saving Technologies, and Resource Conservation and Pollution Prevention Techniques. Process Intensification and Integration for Sustainable Design starts discussions on: shale gas as an option for the production of chemicals and challenges for process intensification; the design and techno-economic analysis of separation units to handle feedstock variability in shale gas treatment; RO-PRO desalination; and techno-economic and environmental assessment of ultrathin polysulfone membranes for oxygen-enriched combustion. Next, it looks at process intensification of membrane-based systems for water, energy, and environment applications; the design of internally heat-integrated distillation column (HIDiC); and graphical analysis and integration of heat exchanger networks with heat pumps. Decomposition and implementation of large-scale interplant heat integration is covered, as is the synthesis of combined heat and mass exchange networks (CHAMENs) with renewables. The book also covers optimization strategies for integrating and intensifying housing complexes; a sustainable biomass conversion process assessment; and more. Covers the many advances and changes in process intensification and integration Provides side-by-side discussions of fundamental techniques and recent industrial experiences to guide practitioners in their own processes Presents comprehensive coverage of topics relevant, among others, to the process industry, biorefineries, and plant energy management Offers insightful analysis and integration of reactor and heat exchanger network Looks at optimization of integrated water and multi-regenerator membrane systems involving multi-contaminants Process Intensification and Integration for Sustainable Design is an ideal book for process engineers, chemical engineers, engineering scientists, engineering consultants, and chemists.