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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes For Water Treatment And Power Generation

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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book
Author : Sarper Sarp,Nidal Hilal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-07
ISBN : 9780444639615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Desalination consists of a series of chapters focused on the various types of membrane based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, (such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP)

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book
Author : Sarper Sarp,Nidal Hilal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 0444639624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation focuses on the various types of membrane- based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and from different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large-scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals

Biomass Processing for Biofuels  Bioenergy and Chemicals Book
Author : Wei-Hsin Chen,Hwai Chyuan Ong,Thallada Bhaskar
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 3039289098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy Book
Author : Adolfo Iulianelli,Alfredo Cassano,Carmela Conidi,Konstantinos Petrotos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-29
ISBN : 0323885527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy: Renewable Sources Valorization in Energy and Downstream Processing in Agro-food Industry describes the modification of the general concept of "waste," including waste valorization as added-value products that are useful for energy production and biotechnology industries. Speaking to the relevance of this new vision, the book highlights the fundamentals of membrane operations in the exploitation of renewable sources for energy production and the valorization of agro-food waste at the industrial level. This book is an excellent resource for researchers, biologists, membranologists and engineers in chemistry, biochemical engineering, food sciences and the agro-food refinery industry. Discusses membrane engineering for agro-food wastes' transformation into added-value products Presents circular and zero-waste economy principles pursued by membrane technology and applied to the agro-food industry Includes potentialities of agro-food wastes for renewable and energy production via membrane operations

Osmosis Engineering

Osmosis Engineering Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Daniel Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 0128231882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Book
Author : Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 0081003234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. It is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity. Efficient extraction of this energy is not straightforward, however. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients provides a comprehensive review of resources, technologies and applications in this area of fast-growing interest. Key technologies covered include pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis and accumulator mixing. Environmental and economic aspects are also considered, together with the possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy technologies. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. For more than ten years the Editors have been sharing substantial research activities in the fields of renewable energy and desalination, successfully participating to a number of European Union research projects and contributing to the relevant scientific literature with more than 100 papers and 2 books on Desalination technologies and their coupling with Renewable Energy. They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. Covers applications of pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis, and capacitive mixing for salinity gradient power in one convenient volume Presents the environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient energy Explores possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy

Pressure Retarded Osmosis

Pressure Retarded Osmosis Book
Author : Khaled Touati,Fernando Tadeo,Joon Ha Kim,Oscar Andres Alvarez Silva
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-16
ISBN : 012812315X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pressure Retarded Osmosis: Renewable Energy Generation and Recovery offers the first comprehensive resource on this method of generating renewable energy. Dr. Khaled Touati and the team of editors combine their expertise with contributions from other leaders in the field to create this well-rounded resource, which discusses and analyses this novel method of creating a controllable renewable energy. The promises of the PRO technique are first clearly presented and explained, and the authors then provide a comprehensive analysis of the issues that remain such as Concentration Polarization, Membrane Deformation, and Reverse Salt Diffusion. Possible solutions to these issues which often restrict industrial implementation are then discussed to mitigate these detrimental effects, and there is also an emphasis on the recovery of energy from desalination processes using PRO, which is able to reduce energy consumption and make it more economically and environmentally efficient. Combines research with experience to deliver a complete resource on Pressure Retarded Osmosis Discusses all areas of PRO in detail Offers solutions to problems commonly experienced and summarizes each method with a clear and concise conclusion Includes case studies from the Great Salt Lake (U.S.A) and Dead Sea (Asia), as well as other rivers from America, Europe, and Asia

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Book
Author : Hongbo Du,Audie Thompson,Xinying Wang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 9535139215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Advances in Membrane Technologies

Advances in Membrane Technologies Book
Author : Amira Abdelrasoul,Arash Mollahosseini
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789848067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.

Desalination Technologies

Desalination Technologies Book
Author : Iqbal M. Mujtaba,Md Tanvir Sowgath
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-28
ISBN : 0128137916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Desalination Technologies: Design and Operation sets the scene for desalination technologies as a long-term solution to freshwater demand by analyzing the current demand for water, available water resources and future predicted demand. The book captures recent developments in thermal desalination (multistage flash desalination, multi-effect evaporation, vapor compression), membrane desalination (forward osmosis, reverse osmosis, pressure retarded, electrodialysis, membrane distillation, ultra-, nano-, and micro-filtration), and alternative processes such as freezing and ion exchange. Both dynamic and steady state models (from short cut, simple, to detail) of various desalination processes are discussed. The book is intended for (under)graduate students in chemical engineering and postgraduate researchers and industrial practitioners in desalination. Provides the fundamentals of different desalination processes Includes desalination modeling from short and simple, to detailed and more advanced Discusses desalination optimization and synthesis to reduce environmental impact Handles thermo-physical property models and correlations Includes case studies to give a clearer understanding of desalination

Membrane Engineering

Membrane Engineering Book
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Francesca Macedonio
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 3110281392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern membrane science and technology aids engineers in developing and designing more efficient and environmentally-friendly processes. The optimal material and membrane selection as well as applications in the many involved industries are provided. This work is the ideal introduction for engineers working in membrane science and applications (wastewater, desalination, adsorption, and catalysis), process engineers in separation science, biologists and biochemists, environmental scientists, and most of all students. Its multidisciplinary approach also stimulates thinking of hybrid technologies for current and future life-saving applications (artificial organs, drug delivery).

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology Book
Author : Parimal Pal
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 0128103922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination Book
Author : Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 3030728730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book explores the most promising and reliable technological developments expected to impact on the next generation of desalination systems. The book includes research studies which takes the reader on a fascinating walk through the multidisciplinary world of membrane science applied to water treatment. Concerning the ultimate technological advancement, the book seeks to investigate how to bridge the gap between the laboratory scale and the applicability to industry.

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-28
ISBN : 1782421262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Kang-Jia Lu,Tai-Shung Chung
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 1000691004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

Project Management The Complete Process

Project Management     The Complete Process Book
Author : Vishwanath Murthy
Publisher : Vikas Publishing House
Release : 2023-01-31
ISBN : 9352718747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook covers the entire gamut of project scoping, identification, development and appraisal and is primarily designed to meet the requirements of postgraduate students of management and engineering education. Researchers, consultants, policy makers and professionals in project management will find it a good body of knowledge as a reference source. The objective of the book is to provide a multidisciplinary grounding to the readers so that they can develop all the skills and competencies required to view or manage the entire project management process as an integrated whole. The book has been written in an easy-to-understand style and uses live case studies of renewable energy projects to illustrate the concepts, so that the students/readers understand them in the context of the real world. Though based on renewable energy projects, majority of the concepts explained in the book are applicable to other industrial projects equally – detailed guidance and notes on this aspect is given appropriately in the book.

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 0128172991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Reverse and Forward Osmosis: Principles, Applications, Advances covers the important aspects of RO, FO and their combination in integrated systems, along with their specific and well-established applications. The book offers an overview of recent developments in the field of forward and reverse osmosis and their applications in water desalination, wastewater treatment, power generation and food processing. General principles, membrane module developments, membrane fouling, modeling, simulation and optimization of both technologies are also covered. The book's ultimate goal is to support the scientific community, professionals and enterprises that aspire to develop new applications. Provides an overview of the advances made in combining reverse osmosis membrane technology and the corresponding forward osmosis Provides a comprehensive review of advanced research on membrane processes for water desalination, wastewater treatments, etc. Addresses key issues in process intensification and extraction of energy from renewable sources Identifies further research needs for the practical implementation of these two membrane technologies

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion

Process Intensification for Sustainable Energy Conversion Book
Author : Fausto Gallucci,Martin van Sint Annaland
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 1118449371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the application of process intensification to sustainable energy production, combining two very topical subject areas. Due to the increasing process of petroleum, sustainable energy production technologies must be developed, for example bioenergy, blue energy, chemical looping combustion, concepts for CO2 capture etc. Process intensification offers significant competitive advantages, because it provides more efficient processes, leading to outstanding cost reduction, increased productivity and more environment-friendly processes.

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Zhiwei Wang,Kwang-Ho Choo,Chuyang Y. Tang,T David Waite
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-04
ISBN : 0323859879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment consolidates state-of-the-art research developments in electrochemical membrane technology in water reclamation and sustainability in terms of fundamental theories, membrane and electrode materials, reactor designs, and fouling control mechanisms and applications. Fundamental theories and applications of electrochemical membrane technology are detailed, with emerging applications of electrochemical membrane technology introduced. The knowledge gaps and future research perspectives in electrochemical membrane technology are also addressed. This book is an excellent resource for understanding fundamental theories, the latest developments, and future prospects in electrochemical membrane technology. The concepts presented in this book can benefit a broad audience of researchers and engineers working in water purification, membrane technology and electrochemical process. Consolidates scattered knowledge of electrochemical membrane technology into a more assessible resource Provides a comprehensive review of fundamental theories, membrane materials and module design as well as the latest developments in electrochemical membrane technology Provides a state-of-the-art review on the applications of electrochemical membrane technology Includes detailed discussions on the challenges and prospects of electrochemical membrane technology in different applications Presents an excellent reference for the education and understanding of water treatment, wastewater treatment, membrane technology, electrochemical technology, environmental science and technology, and the latest research and developments

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering Book
Author : Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Enrica Fontananova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 0444637966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries