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Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling Book
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1782423133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1782420258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VIII

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VIII Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1845641833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Featuring contributions from the eighth International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this volume covers a broad spectrum of topics including the application of computers to simulate biomedical phenomena. It will be of interest to medical and physical scientists and engineers.

Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research Second Edition

Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research  Second Edition Book
Author : David Collett
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-03-28
ISBN : 1584883251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Critically acclaimed and resoundingly popular in its first edition, Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the many developments and advances--particularly in software--made in the field over the last 10 years. Now, more than ever, it provides an outstanding text for upper-level and graduate courses in survival analysis, biostatistics, and time-to-event analysis.The treatment begins with an introduction to survival analysis and a description of four studies that lead to survival data. Subsequent chapters then use those data sets and others to illustrate the various analytical techniques applicable to such data, including the Cox regression model, the Weibull proportional hazards model, and others. This edition features a more detailed treatment of topics such as parametric models, accelerated failure time models, and analysis of interval-censored data. The author also focuses the software section on the use of SAS, summarising the methods used by the software to generate its output and examining that output in detail. Profusely illustrated with examples and written in the author's trademark, easy-to-follow style, Modelling Survival Data in Medical Research, Second Edition is a thorough, practical guide to survival analysis that reflects current statistical practices.

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences Book
Author : Shu-Kay Ng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0429529090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences provides a direct connection between theoretical developments in mixture modelling and their applications in real world problems. The book describes the development of the most important concepts through comprehensive analyses of real and practical examples taken from real-life research problems in

Strategic Modelling and Business Dynamics

Strategic Modelling and Business Dynamics Book
Author : John Morecroft
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-09-10
ISBN : 0470012862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

John Morecroft's book is an ideal text for students interested in system modelling and its application to a range of real world problems. The book covers all that is necessary to develop expertise in system dynamics modelling and through the range of applications makes a persuasive case for the power and scope of the approach. As such it will appeal to practitioners as well as students. Robert Dyson, Professor of Operational Research, Associate Dean, Warwick Business School. Much more than an introduction, John Morecroft's Strategic Modelling and Business Dynamics uses interactive "management flight simulators" to create an engaging and effective learning environment in which readers, whatever their background, can develop their intuition about complex dynamic systems. The numerous examples provide a rich test-bed for the development of systems thinking and modelling skills John Sterman, Jay W. Forrester Professor of Management, MIT Sloan School of Management This book, with its vivid examples and simulators, will help to bring modelling, system dynamics and simulation into the mainstream of management education where they now belong. John A. Quelch, Professor of Marketing, Harvard Business School, Former Dean of London Business School This text fills the gap between texts focusing on the purely descriptive systems approach and the more technical system dynamics ones. Ann van Ackere, Professor of Decision Sciences, HEC Lausanne, Universit? de Lausanne Strategic modelling based on system dynamics is a powerful tool for understanding how firms adapt to a changing environment. The author demonstrates the appeal and power of business modelling to make sense of strategic initiatives and to anticipate their impacts through simulation. The book offers various simulators that allow readers to conduct their own policy experiments. Dr. Erich Zahn, Professor of Strategic Management, Betriebswirtschaftliches Institut, University of Stuttgart A website to accompany the book can be found at www.wiley.com/college/morecroft housing supplementary material for both students and lecturers.

Modelling in Medicine and Biology

Modelling in Medicine and Biology Book
Author : C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 1845645723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea of preparing this volume originated from the ever increasing importance of computational modelling of complex problems in medicine. Considerable advances have been made in this area as demonstrated by the continued success of the International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology.The work reported at those meetings and the research carried out at the Wessex Institute of Technology indicated the increasing interaction and collaboration between medical and engineering scientists. Advances presented at these conferences are now being used in practice for a wide range of medical and surgical applications.The considerable improvements and evolution of the field has led to some of the best scientists, who have participated in our conferences, to write an article on their most recent research. This has led to thirteen outstanding articles published in this volume which encompass important areas of biomedical modelling.

Medical Applications of Computer Modelling

Medical Applications of Computer Modelling Book
Author : Ted B. Martonen
Publisher : Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for use in both academic and research environments, this volume addresses applications of computer modelling and fluid dynamics to biological systems. Emphasis is placed on demonstrating the important roles that mathematical theory and computer technology play in the medical arena. This text focuses on the respiratory system and includes such topics as morphology of the human extrathoracic airways, the morphology of the lung and stochastic modelling of particle deposition in the human lung.

Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications

Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications Book
Author : Ian Gibson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-06-14
ISBN : 0470032847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) combine novel manufacturing techniques and machines with the application of information technology, microelectronics and new organizational practices within the manufacturing sector. They include "hard" technologies such as rapid prototyping, and "soft" technologies such as scanned point cloud data manipulation. AMTs contribute significantly to medical and biomedical engineering. The number of applications is rapidly increasing, with many important new products now under development. Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications outlines the state of the art in advanced manufacturing technology and points to the future development of this exciting field. Early chapters look at actual medical applications already employing AMT, and progress to how reverse engineering allows users to create system solutions to medical problems. The authors also investigate how hard and soft systems are used to create these solutions ready for building. Applications follow where models are created using a variety of different techniques to suit different medical problems One of the first texts to be dedicated to the use of rapid prototyping, reverse engineering and associated software for medical applications Ties together the two distinct disciplines of engineering and medicine Features contributions from experts who are recognised pioneers in the use of these technologies for medical applications Includes work carried out in both a research and a commercial capacity, with representatives from 3 companies that are established as world leaders in the field – Medical Modelling, Materialise, & Anatomics Covers a comprehensive range of medical applications, from dentistry and surgery to neurosurgery and prosthetic design Medical practitioners interested in implementing new advanced methods will find Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications invaluable as will engineers developing applications for the medical industry. Academics and researchers also now have a vital resource at their disposal.

Mathematical Modelling and Optimization of Engineering Problems

Mathematical Modelling and Optimization of Engineering Problems Book
Author : J. A. Tenreiro Machado,Necati Özdemir,Dumitru Baleanu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-12
ISBN : 3030370623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recent developments in modelling and optimization of engineering systems and the use of advanced mathematical methods for solving complex real-world problems. It provides recent theoretical developments and new techniques based on control, optimization theory, mathematical modeling and fractional calculus that can be used to model and understand complex behavior in natural phenomena including latest technologies such as additive manufacturing. Specific topics covered in detail include combinatorial optimization, flow and heat transfer, mathematical modelling, energy storage and management policy, artificial intelligence, optimal control, modelling and optimization of manufacturing systems.

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine Book
Author : Ewart Carson,Claudio Cobelli
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0124095259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, offers a unique approach and an unprecedented range of coverage of the state-of-the-art, advanced modeling methodology that is widely applicable to physiology and medicine. The second edition, which is completely updated and expanded, opens with a clear and integrated treatment of advanced methodology for developing mathematical models of physiology and medical systems. Readers are then shown how to apply this methodology beneficially to real-world problems in physiology and medicine, such as circulation and respiration. The focus of Modelling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine, Second Edition, is the methodology that underpins good modeling practice. It builds upon the idea of an integrated methodology for the development and testing of mathematical models. It covers many specific areas of methodology in which important advances have taken place over recent years and illustrates the application of good methodological practice in key areas of physiology and medicine. It builds on work that the editors have carried out over the past 30 years, working in cooperation with leading practitioners in the field. Builds upon and enhances the reader's existing knowledge of modeling methodology and practice Editors are internationally renowned leaders in their respective fields Provides an understanding of modeling methodologies that can address real problems in physiology and medicine and achieve results that are beneficial either in advancing research or in providing solutions to clinical problems

The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling

The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling Book
Author : Manish I. Patel,Sylvia Nagl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-08
ISBN : 3642156029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Model integration – the process by which different modelling efforts can be brought together to simulate the target system – is a core technology in the field of Systems Biology. In the work presented here model integration was addressed directly taking cancer systems as an example. An in-depth literature review was carried out to survey the model forms and types currently being utilised. This was used to formalise the main challenges that model integration poses, namely that of paradigm (the formalism on which a model is based), focus (the real-world system the model represents) and scale. A two-tier model integration strategy, including a knowledge-driven approach to address model semantics, was developed to tackle these challenges. In the first step a novel description of models at the level of behaviour, rather than the precise mathematical or computational basis of the model, is developed by distilling a set of abstract classes and properties. These can accurately describe model behaviour and hence describe focus in a way that can be integrated with behavioural descriptions of other models. In the second step this behaviour is decomposed into an agent-based system by translating the models into local interaction rules. The book provides a detailed and highly integrated presentation of the method, encompassing both its novel theoretical and practical aspects, which will enable the reader to practically apply it to their model integration needs in academic research and professional settings. The text is self-supporting. It also includes an in-depth current bibliography to relevant research papers and literature. The review of the current state of the art in tumour modelling provides added value.

Mathematical Modelling in Biomedicine

Mathematical Modelling in Biomedicine Book
Author : Y. Cherruault
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1986-02-28
ISBN : 9789027721495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approach your problems from the right It isn't that they can't see the solution. It end and begin with the answers. Then is that they can't see the problem. one day, perhaps you will find the final question. G.K. Chesterton. The Scandal of Father Brown 'The point of a Pin'. 'The Hermit Clad in Crane Feathers' in R. van Gulik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non-trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, cod ing theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical pro gramming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces.

Modelling in Medicine and Biology X

Modelling in Medicine and Biology X Book
Author : R. Kiss
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2012-04-24
ISBN : 1845647068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the proceedings of the tenth in a series of biennial conferences on the topic of advances in medical and biological computation that began in 2001. The advances covered in the computer modelling, and computational methods and measurements, and their integration, have applications in the study of orthopaedics, cardiovascular systems biomechanics and electrical simulation, amongst others, and are leading to progress in medical care and treatment.The conference topics cover a broad spectrum including the simulation of biomedical problems, ranging from cardiovascular modelling to virtual reality and simulation in surgery.

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VI

Modelling in Medicine and Biology VI Book
Author : Mauro Ursino
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1845640241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Featuring contributions from the Sixth International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this volume covers a broad spectrum of topics including the application of computers to simulate biomedical phenomena. It will be of interest both to medical and physical scientists and engineers and to professionals working in medical enterprises actively involved in this field.Areas highlighted include: Simulation of Physiological Processes; Computational Fluid Dynamics in Biomedicine; Orthopaedics and Bone Mechanics; Simulations in Surgery; Design and Simulation of Artificial Organs; Computers and Expert Systems in Medicine; Advanced Technology in Dentistry; Gait and Motion Analysis; Cardiovascular System; Virtual Reality in Medicine; Biomechanics; and Neural Systems.

Modelling Optimization and Control of Biomedical Systems

Modelling Optimization and Control of Biomedical Systems Book
Author : Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos,Ioana Nascu,Eirini G. Velliou
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 1118965566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shows the newest developments in the field of multi-parametric model predictive control and optimization and their application for drug delivery systems This book is based on the Modelling, Control and Optimization of Biomedical Systems (MOBILE) project, which was created to derive intelligent computer model-based systems for optimization of biomedical drug delivery systems in the cases of diabetes, anaesthesia, and blood cancer. These systems can ensure reliable and fast calculation of the optimal drug dosage without the need for an online computer—while taking into account the specifics and constraints of the patient model, flexibility to adapt to changing patient characteristics and incorporation of the physician’s performance criteria, and maintaining the safety of the patients. Modelling Optimization and Control of Biomedical Systems covers: mathematical modelling of drug delivery systems; model analysis, parameter estimation, and approximation; optimization and control; sensitivity analysis & model reduction; multi-parametric programming and model predictive control; estimation techniques; physiologically-based patient model; control design for volatile anaesthesia; multiparametric model based approach to intravenous anaesthesia; hybrid model predictive control strategies; Type I Diabetes Mellitus; in vitro and in silico block of the integrated platform for the study of leukaemia; chemotherapy treatment as a process systems application; and more. Introduces readers to the Modelling, Control and Optimization of Biomedical Systems (MOBILE) project Presents in detail the theoretical background, computational tools, and methods that are used in all the different biomedical systems Teaches the theory for multi-parametric mixed-integer programming and explicit optimal control of volatile anaesthesia Provides an overview of the framework for modelling, optimization, and control of biomedical systems This book will appeal to students, researchers, and scientists working on the modelling, control, and optimization of biomedical systems and to those involved in cancer treatment, anaesthsia, and drug delivery systems.

Modelling and Mathematics Education

Modelling and Mathematics Education Book
Author : J F Matos,S K Houston,W Blum,S P Carreira
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-11-01
ISBN : 0857099655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The articles included in this book are from the ICTMA 9 conference held in Lisbon, attended by delegates from about 30 countries. This work records the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA. It contains the selected and edited content of the conference and makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships. Contains the selected and edited content of the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA Makes a significant contribution to mathematical modelling, which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships

Methods of Mathematical Modelling

Methods of Mathematical Modelling Book
Author : Harendra Singh,Devendra Kumar,Dumitru Baleanu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-16
ISBN : 1000606481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features original research articles on the topic of mathematical modelling and fractional differential equations. The contributions, written by leading researchers in the field, consist of chapters on classical and modern dynamical systems modelled by fractional differential equations in physics, engineering, signal processing, fluid mechanics, and bioengineering, manufacturing, systems engineering, and project management. The book offers theory and practical applications for the solutions of real-life problems and will be of interest to graduate level students, educators, researchers, and scientists interested in mathematical modelling and its diverse applications. Features Presents several recent developments in the theory and applications of fractional calculus Includes chapters on different analytical and numerical methods dedicated to several mathematical equations Develops methods for the mathematical models which are governed by fractional differential equations Provides methods for models in physics, engineering, signal processing, fluid mechanics, and bioengineering Discusses real-world problems, theory, and applications

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences Book
Author : SHU KAY. XIANG NG (LIMING. YAU, KELVIN KAI WING.),Liming Xiang,Kelvin Kai Wing Yau
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 9780367729332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mixture Modelling for Medical and Health Sciences provides a direct connection between theoretical developments in mixture modelling and their applications in real world problems. The book describes the development of the most important concepts through comprehensive analyses of real and practical examples taken from real-life research problems in medical and health sciences. This approach represents balance between "theory" and "practice", stimulating readers and enhancing their capacity to apply mixture models in data analysis. Full of reproducible examples using software code and publicly-available data, the book is suitable for graduate-level students, researchers, and practitioners who have a basic grounding in statistics and would like to explore the use of mixture models to analyse their experiments and research data. Features An in-depth account of the most up-to-date mixture modelling techniques from auser perspective. Extensive real-life examples - from typical daily problems to complex data modelling. Emphasis on the use of a wide variety of component densities for statistical modelling. Coverage of the latest random-effects models in modelling complex correlated data. An accompanying website to provide supplementary materials, including software and detailed programming code, and links to available data sources. Provision of R and Fortran code for readers who want to do analysis of their own data using mixture models. Shu-Kay Angus Ng is Professor of Biostatistics in the School of Medicine at the Griffith University, Australia. Dr Ng has published extensively on his research interests, which include cluster analysis, pattern recognition, random-effects modelling, and survival analysis. Liming Xiang is Associate Professor of Statistics in the School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Her research interests include survival analysis, longitudinal/clustered data analysis and mixture models. Kelvin Kai-wing Yau is Professor of Statistics in the Department of Management Sciences at the City University of Hong Kong. He has been involved in various interdisciplinary research projects, with journal publications in statistics, medical and health science journals on topics such as mixed effects models, survival analysis and statistical modelling in general.

Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation

Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation Book
Author : Andrew Briggs,Mark Sculpher,Karl Claxton
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2006-08-18
ISBN : 0191592978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In financially constrained health systems across the world, increasing emphasis is being placed on the ability to demonstrate that health care interventions are not only effective, but also cost-effective. This book deals with decision modelling techniques that can be used to estimate the value for money of various interventions including medical devices, surgical procedures, diagnostic technologies, and pharmaceuticals. Particular emphasis is placed on the importance of the appropriate representation of uncertainty in the evaluative process and the implication this uncertainty has for decision making and the need for future research. This highly practical guide takes the reader through the key principles and approaches of modelling techniques. It begins with the basics of constructing different forms of the model, the population of the model with input parameter estimates, analysis of the results, and progression to the holistic view of models as a valuable tool for informing future research exercises. Case studies and exercises are supported with online templates and solutions. This book will help analysts understand the contribution of decision-analytic modelling to the evaluation of health care programmes. ABOUT THE SERIES: Economic evaluation of health interventions is a growing specialist field, and this series of practical handbooks will tackle, in-depth, topics superficially addressed in more general health economics books. Each volume will include illustrative material, case histories and worked examples to encourage the reader to apply the methods discussed, with supporting material provided online. This series is aimed at health economists in academia, the pharmaceutical industry and the health sector, those on advanced health economics courses, and health researchers in associated fields.