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Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780124201965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine, in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-04
ISBN : 0127999221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Applied Genomics and Public Health

Applied Genomics and Public Health Book
Author : George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 0128136960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Genomics and Public Health examines the interdisciplinary and growing area of how evidence-based genomic knowledge can be applied to public health, population health, healthcare and health policies. The book gathers experts from a variety of disciplines, including life sciences, social sciences, and health care to develop a comprehensive overview of the field. In addition, the book delves into subjects such as pharmacogenomics, genethics, big data, data translation and analysis, economic evaluation, genomic awareness and education, sociology, pricing and reimbursement, policy measures and economic evaluation in genomic medicine. This book is essential reading for researchers and students exploring applications of genomics to population and public health. In addition, it is ideal for those in the biomedical sciences, medical sociologists, healthcare professionals, nurses, regulatory bodies and health economists interested in learning more about this growing field. Explores the growing application of genomics to population and public health Features internationally renowned contributors from a variety of related fields Contains chapters on important topics such as genomic data sharing, genethics and public health genomics, genomics and sociology, and regulatory aspects of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics

Medical and Health Genomics Latest Findings

Medical and Health Genomics  Latest Findings Book
Author : Victor Fargo
Publisher : Hayle Medical
Release : 2019-06-06
ISBN : 9781632416513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of science, which is concerned with the structure, function, mapping, evolution and editing of genomes. It has numerous applications in the field of medicine. Genomic data of large populations when combined with modern informatics for disease research, can provide comprehensive insights into the genetic bases of disease and drug response. Medical genomics is increasingly becoming relevant in the understanding of common diseases. A patient with a suspected genetic disease undergoes a diagnostic evaluation that is tailored to account for the signs and symptoms presented, in order to establish a differential diagnosis. This is done for inborn errors of metabolism, chromosomal disorders and single gene disorders. Genetic syndromes arise due to alterations of chromosomes or genes. This book provides comprehensive insights into the field of medical and health genomics. It consists of contributions made by international experts. In this book, using case studies and examples, constant effort has been made to make the understanding of the difficult concepts of medical genomics as easy and informative as possible, for the readers.

Public Health Genomics

Public Health Genomics Book
Author : Claudia N. Mikail
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-03
ISBN : 0470454415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has recognized genomics as a priority area in public health education. To help public health students and professionals achieve proficiency in the language of genetics and attain genomics competencies delineated by the CDC, this book offers an introduction to basic molecular genetics and discusses the relevance of genomics to such key public health issues as environmental health, ethnic health disparities, health policy and law, research ethics, maternal and child health, clinical preventive medicine, health behavior, health economics, and communicable disease control. Presented in a context that is easy to understand, the book serves as an accessible portal of entry into the world of public health genomics.

Molecular Medicine

Molecular Medicine Book
Author : R. J. Trent
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123814510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Medicine is the application of genetic or DNA-based knowledge to the modern practice of medicine. Molecular Medicine, 4e, provides contemporary insights into how the genetic revolution is influencing medical thinking and practice. The new edition includes recent changes in personalized medicine, new growth in omics and direct-to-consumer DNA testing, while focusing on advances in the Human Genome project and implications of the advances in clinical medicine. Graduate students, researchers, clinicians and allied health professionals will appreciate the background history and clinical application of up-to-date molecular advances. Extensively revised to incorporate the results of the Human Genome Project, it provides the latest developments in molecular medicine The only book in Molecular Medicine to reach its fourth edition Identifies current practice as well as future developments Presents extensive tables, well presented figures and resources for further understanding

Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Genomics and Health in the Developing World Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 0195374754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss advances in medical genetics in the developing world.

Genomics and Society

Genomics and Society Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Ruth Chadwick
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-29
ISBN : 0127999213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics and Society; Ethical, Legal-Cultural, and Socioeconomic Implications is the first book to address the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011. The work addresses fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system. Of particular interest to healthcare practitioners, bioethicists, and health economists, and of tangential interest to the gamut of applied social scientists investigating the societal impact of new medical paradigms, the work describes a myriad of issues around consent, confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and legality in the new era of genomic medicine. Addresses the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011 Presents the core fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system Describes a myriad of issues around consent, including confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and more

Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation

Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation Book
Author : Ebomoyi, E. William
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-03-30
ISBN : 1466685603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2003, the secrets of the human genome were cracked open, creating a flurry of anticipation (and more than a little commercial buzz) about the role that genetic modification would play in years to come. This burgeoning field stands poised to redefine old paradigms and reshape industries such as medicine, agriculture, pharmacology, and biotechnology. Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation seeks to explore new opportunities and challenges in genomic commercialization by presenting a roadmap of current research, setting forth clear guidelines for how genomics can be wielded safely and ethically in a manner concordant with public welfare. Addressing problems such as chronic disease, world hunger, and global economic disparity, this book is an essential reference source for doctors, bioethicists, human genome specialists, and scientists in the fields of genetics and genomics. This authored monograph contains chapters on topics ranging from agronomics and biotechnology to commercial genomics, genome sequencing, cancer genomics, and more.

Genomic Medicine

Genomic Medicine Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Charis Eng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9780199398096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of 'Genomics and Clinical Medicine' provided an overview of genomics-based advances in disease susceptibility, diagnosis, and prediction of treatment outcomes in various areas of medicine. Since its publication, the science of genomics has made tremendous progress, and exciting new developments in biotechnology and bioinformatics have created possibilities that were inconceivable only a few years ago.

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F. Willard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-11-15
ISBN : 0123822270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set provides an in-depth look at one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more presents this book as an essential tool for both students and specialists across many biological and medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, cardiology, infectious disease, molecular medicine, and biomedical science, as well as health policy disciplines focusing on ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics and medicine. Volume One Includes: Principles, Methodology and Translational Approaches, takes readers on the journey from principles of human genomics to technology, informatic and computational platforms for genomic medicine, as well as strategies for translating genomic discoveries into advances in personalized clinical care. Volume Two Includes: Genome Discoveries and Clinical Applications presents the latest developments in disease-based genomic and personalized medicine. With chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, this work provides the most comprehensive guide to the principles and practice of genomic and personalized medicine. * Contributions from leaders in the field provide unparalleled insight into current technologies and applications in clinical medicine. * Full colour throughout enhances the utility of this work as the only available comprehensive reference for genomic and personalized medicine. * Discusses scientific foundations and practical applications of new discoveries, as well as ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine.

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine Book
Author : Vasilios Fragoulakis,Christina Mitropoulou,Marc Williams,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-20
ISBN : 0128016116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine introduces health economics and economic evaluation to genomic clinicians and researchers, while also introducing the topic to health economists. Each chapter includes an executive summary, questions, and case studies, along with supplementary online materials, including process guides, maps, flow charts, diagrams, and economic evaluation spreadsheets to enhance the learning process. The text can easily be used as course material for related graduate and undergraduate courses, providing a succinct overview of the existing, state-of-the-art application of economic evaluation to genomic healthcare and precision medicine. Interrelates economic evaluation and genomic medicine Instructs healthcare professionals and bioscientists about economic evaluation in genomic medicine Teaches health economists about application of economic evaluation in genomic medicine Introduces health economics and economic evaluation to clinicians and researchers involved in genomics Includes process guides, maps, flow charts and diagrams

Emery and Rimoin s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics

Emery and Rimoin   s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics Book
Author : Reed E. Pyeritz,Bruce R. Korf,Wayne W. Grody
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128126833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For decades, Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics has served as the ultimate resource for clinicians integrating genetics into medical practice. With nearly 5,000 pages of detailed coverage, contributions from over 250 of the world’s most trusted authorities in medical genetics, and a series of 11 volumes available for individual sale, the Seventh Edition of this classic reference includes the latest information on seminal topics such as prenatal diagnosis, genome and exome sequencing, public health genetics, genetic counseling, and management and treatment strategies to complete its coverage of this growing field for medical students, residents, physicians, and researchers involved in the care of patients with genetic conditions. This comprehensive yet practical resource emphasizes theory and research fundamentals related to applications of medical genetics across the full spectrum of inherited disorders and applications to medicine more broadly. In Metabolic Disorders, leading physicians and researchers thoroughly examine medical genetics as applied to a range of metabolic disorders, with emphasis on understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying these disorders, diagnostic approaches, and therapeutics that make use of current genomic technologies and translational studies. Here genetic researchers, students, and health professionals will find new and fully revised chapters on the genetic basis of body mass, amino acid, carbohydrate, iron, copper, lipo protein, and lipid metabolic disorders, as well as organic acidemias, fatty acid oxidation, and peroxisome disorders among others. With regular advances in genomic technologies propelling precision medicine into the clinic, Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics: Seventh Edition bridges the gap between high-level molecular genetics and practical application and serves as an invaluable clinical tool for health professionals and researchers. Wholly revised and up-to-date, this volume thoroughly addresses medical genetics and genomics as applied to metabolic disorders, with emphasis on understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying these disorders, diagnostic approaches, and treatment methods Provides genetic researchers, students, and health professionals with up-to-date coverage on the genetic basis of a range of metabolic disorders, including body mass, amino acid, carbohydrate, iron, copper, lipo protein, and lipid metabolic disorders, as well as organic acidemias, fatty acid oxidation, and peroxisome disorders among others Includes color images supporting identification, concept illustration, and method processing Features contributions by leading international researchers and practitioners of medical genetics A robust companion website offers lecture slides, image banks, and links to outside resources and articles to stay up-to-date on the latest developments in the field

The Human Genome in Health and Disease

The Human Genome in Health and Disease Book
Author : Tore Samuelsson
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2019-02-07
ISBN : 042966429X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The human genome is a linear sequence of roughly 3 billion bases and information regarding this genome is accumulating at an astonishing rate. Inspired by these advances, The Human Genome in Health and Disease: A Story of Four Letters explores the intimate link between sequence information and biological function. A range of sequence-based functional units of the genome are discussed and illustrated with inherited disorders and cancer. In addition, the book considers valuable medical applications related to human genome sequencing, such as gene therapy methods and the identification of causative mutations in rare genetic disorders. The primary audiences of the book are students of genetics, biology, medicine, molecular biology and bioinformatics. Richly illustrated with review questions provided for each chapter, the book helps students without previous studies of genetics and molecular biology. It may also be of benefit for advanced non-academics, which in the era of personal genomics, want to learn more about their genome. Key selling features: Molecular sequence perspective, explaining the relationship between DNA sequence motifs and biological function Aids in understanding the functional impact of mutations and genetic variants Material presented at basic level, making it accessible to students without previous studies of genetics and molecular biology Richly illustrated with questions provided to each chapter

Managing Health in the Genomic Era

Managing Health in the Genomic Era Book
Author : Vincent Henrich,Lori A. Orlando,Brian H. Shirts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-13
ISBN : 0128160152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Managing Health in the Genomic Era: A Guide to Family Health History and Disease Risk, Drs. Vincent C. Henrich, Lori A. Orlando, and Brian H. Shirts discuss the practical considerations surrounding the use of genomic and genetic tests to manage patient health, to provide adult disease risk assessment, to improve diagnosis, and to support effective interventions and treatment. In 10 chapters, evidence-based information and case studies are described and examine the central place of family health history (FHH) in genomic medicine, tools and strategies for compiling and analyzing family health history, how to identify existing and novel genetic markers, how to identify lineage specific (or rare) variants within families, and how to find effective interventions based on genetic testing results and FHH. Factors that influence clinical practice, including gene-environment interactions, FHH social networking, direct to consumer (DTC) genetic testing and data sharing, algorithms for analyzing genetic data, and patient counseling are discussed from the standpoint of clinical practice. Here, frontline healthcare providers will discover succinct commentary and key examples to assist with their local needs. Relevant principles of genetic biology and inheritance are explored and guidance on available support networks and online resources is also provided Presents a practical, accessible resource for primary care providers, allied health professionals, pharmacologists, public health professionals, students and clinical researchers Addresses genetic and genomic approaches in managing patient health, conducting and analyzing family health histories, and assessing adult disease risk Features an expert author team with direct experience integrating genetics and genomics in primary care and family medicine settings Examines the attributes and limitations of family health history, genetic testing, and genomic testing in clinical practice Includes detailed explanations following practice-based examples

Genomics and Personalized Medicine

Genomics and Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Michael Snyder
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-02-09
ISBN : 0190234792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2001 the Human Genome Project succeeded in mapping the DNA of humans. This landmark accomplishment launched the field of genomics, the integrated study of all the genes in the human body and the related biomedical interventions that can be tailored to benefit a person's health. Today genomics, part of a larger movement toward personalized medicine, is poised to revolutionize health care. By cross-referencing an individual's genetic sequence -- their genome -- against known elements of "Big Data," elements of genomics are already being incorporated on a widespread basis, including prenatal disease screening and targeted cancer treatments. With more innovations soon to arrive at the bedside, the promise of the genomics revolution is limitless. This entry in the What Everyone Needs to Know series offers an authoritative resource on the prospects and realities of genomics and personalized medicine. As this science continues to alter traditional medical paradigms, consumers are faced with additional options and more complicated decisions regarding their health care. This book provides the essential information everyone needs.

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease Book
Author : George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 9780128178195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Systems for Research and Evaluation for Translating Genome Based Discoveries for Health

Systems for Research and Evaluation for Translating Genome Based Discoveries for Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-11-10
ISBN : 9780309147415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the advent of genome-wide association studies, numerous associations between specific gene loci and complex diseases have been identified--for breast cancer, coronary artery disease, and asthma, for example. This rapidly advancing field of genomics has stirred great interest in "personalized" health care from both the public and private sectors. The hope is that using genomic information in clinical care will lead to reduced health care costs and improved health outcomes as therapies are tailored to the genetic susceptibilities of patients. A variety of genetically based health care innovations have already reached the marketplace, but information about the clinical use of these treatments and diagnostics is limited. Currently data do not provide information about how a genomic test impacts clinical care and patient health outcomes--other approaches are needed to garner such information. This volume summarizes a workshop to address central questions related to the development of systems to evaluate clinical use of health care innovations that stem from genome-based research: What are the practical realities of creating such systems? What different models could be used? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each model? How effectively can such systems address questions about health outcomes?

Genetics and Genomics in Nursing and Health Care

Genetics and Genomics in Nursing and Health Care Book
Author : Theresa A Beery,M Linda Workman,Julia A Eggert
Publisher : F.A. Davis
Release : 2018-01-08
ISBN : 0803660960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex concepts made manageable! Build the foundation you need to understand the science of genetics and its growing role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders. Confidently tackle the basics of genetic inheritance, the influence of somatic and germline mutations, the multifactorial relationship of gene-environment interactions, and the foundation of ethical behavior. Everyday language makes these often-intimidating topics easy to understand, while clearly defined principles, logical explanations, illustrations, tables, and clinical examples ensure you master the material.

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Christina Mitropoulou,Sarah Wordsworth,George P. Patrinos,James Buchanan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09
ISBN : 9780128133828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine provides an in-depth examination of essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine. Contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists compile new ways to effectively assess the costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways, implement cost-effective medical interventions, and enhance the value of genomic and precision healthcare. Foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies cover topics ranging from the economic analysis of genomic trial design, to health technology assessment of next-generation sequencing, ethical aspects, economic policy in genomic medicine, and pricing and reimbursement in clinical genomics. Introduces clinicians, researchers and students to essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine Demonstrates, through foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies, how to assess the relative costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways and implement cost-effective budgets Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be leveraged to simultaneously reduce costs and enhance the value of healthcare Features contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists that are actively evolved in economic assessments of genomic and precision medicine