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Measuring Transport Equity

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Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity Book
Author : Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128148187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Handbook of Sustainable Transport

Handbook of Sustainable Transport Book
Author : Carey Curtis
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2020-12-25
ISBN : 1789900476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring the need for a sustainable transport paradigm, which has been sought after by local and national authorities internationally over the last 30 years, this illuminating and timely Handbook offers insights into how this can be secured more broadly and what it may involve, as well as the challenges that the sustainable transport approach faces. The Handbook offers readers a holistic understanding of the paradigm by drawing on a wide range of research and relevant case studies that showcase where the principles of sustainable transport have been implemented.

Transportation and Health

Transportation and Health Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 0128191368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development.

New Methods Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal

New Methods  Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-28
ISBN : 0323855601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Methods, Reflections and Application Domains in Transport Appraisal, Volume 7 in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series, assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world. Chapters in this new release include Evaluating transport equity, Participatory Value Evaluation, Sustainability assessment of transport policies, plans and projects, Deliberative appraisal methods, Appraisal methods of public transport projects, Appraisal of cycling and pedestrian projects, Appraisal of Freight Project, Project appraisal methods: tools for optimizing or for informed political debate?, and Research agenda for appraisal methods. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America Book
Author : Daniel Oviedo,Natalia Villamizar Duarte,Ana Ardila Pinto
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 1787690113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Transport and Sustainability focuses on how spatial and social mobilities are intertwined in the reproduction of spatial and social inequities in Latin American cities.

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia Book
Author : Akimasa Fujiwara,Junyi Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-04
ISBN : 4431543791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide a good understanding of and perspective on sustainable transport in Asia by focusing on economic, environmental, and social sustainability. It is widely acknowledged that the current situation and trends in transport are not always sustainable in Asia, due in part to the fast-growing economy and the astounding speed of urbanization as well as least-mature governance. As essential research material, the book provides strong support for policy makers and planners by comprehensively covering three groups of strategies, characterized by the words “avoid” (e.g., urban form design and control of car ownership), “shift” (e.g., establishing comprehensive transportation systems and increasing public transportation systems for both intracity and intercity travel), and “improve” (e.g., redesign of paratransit system, low-emission vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, and eco-life). These are elaborated in the book alongside consideration of the uncertainty of policy effects in the future. The book is also valuable for scholars and scientists because of the diverse methodologies presented and proposed herein. Among those are the four-step model with full feedback mechanisms, the bi-level programming model with sustainability goals, data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis approaches, structural equation models, discrete and/or continuous choice models, copula-based models, survival models, and driving risk models with short-term memory. Using data collected from more than ten Asian cities, including those in both developed and developing nations, the pathway to sustainable transport in Asia gradually becomes clear.

Social Issues in Transport Planning

Social Issues in Transport Planning Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-11
ISBN : 0128231149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Transport Policy and Planning assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world on the topic. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series

Urban Form and Accessibility

Urban Form and Accessibility Book
Author : Corinne Mulley,John D. Nelson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 0128198230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth of global urbanization places great strains on energy, transportation, housing and public spaces needs. As such, transport and land use are inextricably linked. Urban Form and Accessibility: Social, Economic, and Environment Impacts consolidates key insights from multidisciplinary perspectives on the relationship between urban form and transportation planning. Synthesizing the latest cutting-edge research, the book translates academic evidence into practice. Starting with an overview of the key concepts relevant to each discipline, the book covers critical elements such as governance, travel behavior, and technological disruption, showing how to move towards a more sustainable society for all city inhabitants. Draws on evidence-based success stories from countries around the globe Gathers global leading thinkers to provide the state-of-the-art on the topic Examines social, economic, and environmental impacts within each chapter Each chapter’s content will have the same structure for easier discoverability

Urban Access for the 21st Century

Urban Access for the 21st Century Book
Author : Elliott D. Sclar,Måns Lönnroth,Christian Wolmar
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-03-05
ISBN : 1317933893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sets out a road map for the provision of urban access for all. For most of the last century cities have followed a path of dependency on car dominated urban transport favouring the middle classes. Urban Access for the 21st Century seeks to change this. Policies need to be more inclusive of the accessibility needs of the urban poor. Change requires redesigning the existing public finance systems that support urban mobility. The aim is to diminish their embedded biases towards automobile-based travel. Through a series of chapters from international contributors, the book brings together expertise from different fields. It shows how small changes can incentivize large positive developments in urban transport and create truly accessible cities.

Cycling for Sustainable Cities

Cycling for Sustainable Cities Book
Author : Ralph Buehler,John Pucher
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2021-02-02
ISBN : 0262542021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How to make city cycling--the most sustainable form of urban transportation--safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists. Cycling is the most sustainable mode of urban transportation, practical for most short- and medium-distance trips--commuting to and from work or school, shopping, visiting friends, going to the doctor's office. It's good for your health, spares the environment a trip's worth of auto emissions, and is economical for both public and personal budgets. Cycling, with all its benefits, should not be reserved for the fit, the spandex-clad, and the daring. Cycling for Sustainable Cities shows how to make city cycling safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance Book
Author : Cambridge Systematics
Publisher : Transportation Research Board National Research
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780309154925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook provides methods for integrating performance measures from individual transportation modes and multiple jurisdictions and for developing new measures, if needed, to monitor transportation network performance. These network performance measures can be used to improve system management, planning, and investment decisions and can be applied to various scenarios. The guidebook should be of immediate use to practitioners in state, regional, or local governments; specially designated authorities; or those in the private sector who are responsible for measuring, operating, and investing in the performance of multimodal and/or multijurisdictional transportation networks.

Advancing Equity Planning Now

Advancing Equity Planning Now Book
Author : Norman Krumholz,Kathryn Wertheim Hexter
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 1501730398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What can planners do to restore equity to their craft? Drawing upon the perspectives of a diverse group of planning experts, Advancing Equity Planning Now places the concepts of fairness and equal access squarely in the center of planning research and practice. Editors Norman Krumholz and Kathryn Wertheim Hexter provide essential resources for city leaders and planners, as well as for students and others, interested in shaping the built environment for a more just world. Advancing Equity Planning Now remind us that equity has always been an integral consideration in the planning profession. The historic roots of that ethical commitment go back more than a century. Yet a trend of growing inequality in America, as well as other recent socio-economic changes that divide the wealthiest from the middle and working classes, challenge the notion that a rising economic tide lifts all boats. When planning becomes mere place-making for elites, urban and regional planners need to return to the fundamentals of their profession. Although they have not always done so, planners are well-positioned to advocate for greater equity in public policies that address the multiple objectives of urban planning including housing, transportation, economic development, and the removal of noxious land uses in neighborhoods. Thanks to generous funding from Cleveland State University, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport

Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport Book
Author : Christopher Nash,Bryan Matthews
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-10-20
ISBN : 9780080456034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many transport economists have for some time proposed marginal social cost as the principle on which prices in the transport sector should be based and, in recent years, their prescription has come to be taken more and more seriously by policy-makers. However, in order to properly test the possible implications of implementing pricing based on marginal social cost and, ultimately, to introduce such a system, it is necessary to actually measure the marginal social costs concerned, and how they vary according to mode, time and context. This book reviews the transport pricing policy debate and reports on the significant advances made in measuring the marginal social costs of transport, particularly through UNITE and other European research projects. We look in turn at infrastructure, operating costs, user costs (both of congestion and of charges in frequency of scheduled transport services) accidents and environmental costs, and how these estimates have been used to examine the impact of marginal cost pricing in transport. We finish by examining how the results of case studies might be generalised to obtain estimates of marginal social costs for all circumstances and, finally, presenting our conclusions.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Joe Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128181230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Transport

Transport Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : PediaPress
Release : 2022-06-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Transport book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Connecting the Dots

Connecting the Dots Book
Author : Fatima Arroyo-Arroyo
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2021-07-13
ISBN : 146481676X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major Ghanaian cities are at a critical point that will determine whether they become an engine of or a burden on the country’s development. Ghana’s urban areas contribute to more than two-thirds of the country’s gross national product, and cities will continue to grow rapidly, especially those other than capital cities. Intermediary cities such as Kumasi and Tamale are expected to double their populations by 2030, demonstrating both their importance and their potential for contributing further to economic growth. However, if nothing is done to change the current trends, the cost of congestion and externalities will outweigh any productivity benefits the cities can deliver. Connecting the Dots: People, Jobs, and Social Services in Urban Ghana aims to assess the constraints to accessing jobs and social services in Ghanaian cities, especially those faced by women, low-income groups, people with disabilities, and children, and proposes a path to transform urban mobility and public transport. The report focuses on two intermediary cities—Kumasi and Tamale—as well as on the Greater Accra region. It includes a comprehensive analysis of mobility and accessibility issues and recommends a programmatic phased approach to address these issues. Finally, in the context of COVID-19 (coronavirus), the report analyzes not only major challenges for the urban transport sector, but also opportunities to rethink the role of urban mobility for more inclusive and sustainable growth.

Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Handicapped Persons

Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Handicapped Persons Book
Author : Norman Ashford,William G. Bell,Tom A. Rich
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 1000366537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1982 and contributed to by a range of international authors and experts in the field of transport accessibility, this volume discusses the position of urban and rural transport problems of the elderly and disabled in the UK, USA, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden. Based on research, policy analysis and documental field experience the volume also discusses advances made in relevant technology, major changes in public policy and innovative proposals for system development or change.

A Companion to Transport Space and Equity

A Companion to Transport  Space and Equity Book
Author : Robin Hickman,Beatriz Mella Lira,Moshe Givoni,Karst Geurs
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2019
ISBN : 1788119827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With social inequity in urban spaces becoming an increasing concern in our modern world, The Elgar Companion to Transport, Space and Equity explores the relationships between transport and social equity. Transport systems and infrastructure investment can lead to inequitable travel behaviours, with certain socio-demographic groups using particular parts of the transport system and accessing particular activities and opportunities.

Proceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Ergonomics Association IEA 2021

Proceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Ergonomics Association  IEA 2021  Book
Author : Nancy L. Black,W. Patrick Neumann,Ian Noy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-04
ISBN : 3030746054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the proceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2021), held online on June 13-18, 2021. By highlighting the latest theories and models, as well as cutting-edge technologies and applications, and by combining findings from a range of disciplines including engineering, design, robotics, healthcare, management, computer science, human biology and behavioral science, it provides researchers and practitioners alike with a comprehensive, timely guide on human factors and ergonomics. It also offers an excellent source of innovative ideas to stimulate future discussions and developments aimed at applying knowledge and techniques to optimize system performance, while at the same time promoting the health, safety and wellbeing of individuals. The proceedings include papers from researchers and practitioners, scientists and physicians, institutional leaders, managers and policy makers that contribute to constructing the Human Factors and Ergonomics approach across a variety of methodologies, domains and productive sectors. This volume includes papers addressing the following topics: Ergonomics in Design for All, Human Factors and Sustainable Development, Gender and Work, Slips Trips and Falls, Visual Ergonomics, Ergonomics for children and Educational Environments, Ageing and Work.

Gender

Gender Book
Author : Linda L. Lindsey
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-12-17
ISBN : 1351590820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A landmark publication in the social sciences, Linda Lindsey’s Gender is the most comprehensive textbook to explore gender sociologically, as a critical and fundamental dimension of a person’s identity, interactions, development, and role and status in society. Ranging in scope from the everyday lived experiences of individuals to the complex patterns and structures of gender that are produced by institutions in our global society, the book reveals how understandings of gender vary across time and place and shift along the intersecting lines of race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, class and religion. Arriving at a time of enormous social change, the new, seventh edition extends its rigorous, theoretical approach to reflect on recent events and issues with insights that challenge conventional thought about the gender binary and the stereotypes that result. Recent and emerging topics that are investigated include the #MeToo and LGBTQ-rights movements, political misogyny in the Trump era, norms of masculinity, marriage and family formation, resurgent feminist activism and praxis, the gendered workplace, and profound consequences of neoliberal globalization. Enriching its sociological approach with interdisciplinary insight from feminist, biological, psychological, historical, and anthropological perspectives, the new edition of Gender provides a balanced and broad approach with readable, dynamic content that furthers student understanding, both of the importance of gender and how it shapes individual trajectories and social processes in the U.S. and across the globe.