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Measuring Transport Equity

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Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity Book
Author : Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128148187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Transport Equity provides a methodology with the potential to shape the transportation decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Focusing on numerous applied methodological approaches to transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires their own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing transportation accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses. Written by a collection of top researchers in the transport field Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real-world through case study examples Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of the Gini index for measuring inequality Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance and further reading

Measuring Transport Equity

Measuring Transport Equity Book
Author : Karen Lucas,Karel Martens,Floridea Di Ciommo,Ariane Dupont-Kieffer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-30
ISBN : 0128148195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Transport Equity provides a range of methods with the potential to shape transport decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Presenting numerous applied methods and applications of transport equity assessment, this book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions, and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires its own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing equity in relation to accessibility, environmental impacts, health, and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses and is an ideal reference for those involved in transport planning. Written by a collection of top researchers and upcoming scholars in the transport field. Shows how to apply transport equity measurement ideas in the real world through case study examples. Covers emerging transport topics, including the use of advanced measures of inequality. Includes learning aids, such as methodology, application, policy relevance, and further reading.

Handbook of Sustainable Transport

Handbook of Sustainable Transport Book
Author : Carey Curtis
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2020-12-25
ISBN : 1789900476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring the need for a sustainable transport paradigm, which has been sought after by local and national authorities internationally over the last 30 years, this illuminating and timely Handbook offers insights into how this can be secured more broadly and what it may involve, as well as the challenges that the sustainable transport approach faces. The Handbook offers readers a holistic understanding of the paradigm by drawing on a wide range of research and relevant case studies that showcase where the principles of sustainable transport have been implemented.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 0309154928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook provides methods for integrating performance measures from individual transportation modes and multiple jurisdictions and for developing new measures, if needed, to monitor transportation network performance. These network performance measures can be used to improve system management, planning, and investment decisions and can be applied to various scenarios. The guidebook should be of immediate use to practitioners in state, regional, or local governments; specially designated authorities; or those in the private sector who are responsible for measuring, operating, and investing in the performance of multimodal and/or multijurisdictional transportation networks.

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia

Sustainable Transport Studies in Asia Book
Author : Akimasa Fujiwara,Junyi Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-04
ISBN : 4431543791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide a good understanding of and perspective on sustainable transport in Asia by focusing on economic, environmental, and social sustainability. It is widely acknowledged that the current situation and trends in transport are not always sustainable in Asia, due in part to the fast-growing economy and the astounding speed of urbanization as well as least-mature governance. As essential research material, the book provides strong support for policy makers and planners by comprehensively covering three groups of strategies, characterized by the words “avoid” (e.g., urban form design and control of car ownership), “shift” (e.g., establishing comprehensive transportation systems and increasing public transportation systems for both intracity and intercity travel), and “improve” (e.g., redesign of paratransit system, low-emission vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, and eco-life). These are elaborated in the book alongside consideration of the uncertainty of policy effects in the future. The book is also valuable for scholars and scientists because of the diverse methodologies presented and proposed herein. Among those are the four-step model with full feedback mechanisms, the bi-level programming model with sustainability goals, data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis approaches, structural equation models, discrete and/or continuous choice models, copula-based models, survival models, and driving risk models with short-term memory. Using data collected from more than ten Asian cities, including those in both developed and developing nations, the pathway to sustainable transport in Asia gradually becomes clear.

Transportation Equity Act

Transportation Equity Act Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Transportation Equity Act book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America

Urban Mobility and Social Equity in Latin America Book
Author : Daniel Oviedo,Natalia Villamizar Duarte,Ana Ardila Pinto
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 1787690113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Transport and Sustainability focuses on how spatial and social mobilities are intertwined in the reproduction of spatial and social inequities in Latin American cities.

Urban Form and Accessibility

Urban Form and Accessibility Book
Author : Corinne Mulley,John D. Nelson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 0128198230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth of global urbanization places great strains on energy, transportation, housing and public spaces needs. As such, transport and land use are inextricably linked. Urban Form and Accessibility: Social, Economic, and Environment Impacts consolidates key insights from multidisciplinary perspectives on the relationship between urban form and transportation planning. Synthesizing the latest cutting-edge research, the book translates academic evidence into practice. Starting with an overview of the key concepts relevant to each discipline, the book covers critical elements such as governance, travel behavior, and technological disruption, showing how to move towards a more sustainable society for all city inhabitants. Draws on evidence-based success stories from countries around the globe Gathers global leading thinkers to provide the state-of-the-art on the topic Examines social, economic, and environmental impacts within each chapter Each chapter’s content will have the same structure for easier discoverability

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health Book
Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128191376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Advancing Equity Planning Now

Advancing Equity Planning Now Book
Author : Norman Krumholz,Kathryn Wertheim Hexter
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 1501730398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What can planners do to restore equity to their craft? Drawing upon the perspectives of a diverse group of planning experts, Advancing Equity Planning Now places the concepts of fairness and equal access squarely in the center of planning research and practice. Editors Norman Krumholz and Kathryn Wertheim Hexter provide essential resources for city leaders and planners, as well as for students and others, interested in shaping the built environment for a more just world. Advancing Equity Planning Now remind us that equity has always been an integral consideration in the planning profession. The historic roots of that ethical commitment go back more than a century. Yet a trend of growing inequality in America, as well as other recent socio-economic changes that divide the wealthiest from the middle and working classes, challenge the notion that a rising economic tide lifts all boats. When planning becomes mere place-making for elites, urban and regional planners need to return to the fundamentals of their profession. Although they have not always done so, planners are well-positioned to advocate for greater equity in public policies that address the multiple objectives of urban planning including housing, transportation, economic development, and the removal of noxious land uses in neighborhoods. Thanks to generous funding from Cleveland State University, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

Enhancing Equity in Public Transportation Using Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Optimization

Enhancing Equity in Public Transportation Using Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Optimization Book
Author : Ho-Seop Cha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Public transportation is a vital part of urban living. Public transportation agencies receive substantial governmental subsidies due to the significance of their impact on society. For instance, public transportation services help reduce road congestion, oil consumption and air pollution, and they serve people who need to travel throughout urban environments at the same time do not have access to private vehicles. The latter aspect is an important matter of social justice. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss how the issue of equity is addressed in public transportation. It is important to understand why the interest in equity in transport is growing, why public transportation should favor the transport disadvantaged, and why analyses of equity measurement and improvement are needed. Measuring the level of access to public transportation among the transport disadvantaged provides a theoretical basis for analyzing potential improvements in access by adjusting public transportation facility locations. This research will focus on examining what equity issues in transport are present, how they are implemented in current public transportation systems, and their limitations. Another aspect of this research is modeling approaches used in establishing public transportation infrastructure and systems. Using GIS and spatial optimization models, the level of access to public transportation in terms of equity will be evaluated and improvement of the level of access will be attempted by offering new service stop locations. To this end, the Polygon Intersection with Network Point Set (PINPS) method is developed to locate potential facilities along a continuous road network ensuring complete coverage of polygon demand objects. Using the Maximal Covering Location Problem (MCLP), the optimal locations of potential facilities to cover equity favoring origin- and destination-based demand are identified. This research finally provides a set of optimal service stop locations maximizing coverage of origin- and destination-based demand simultaneously through implementation of a bi-objective model, applied to the City of Hilliard, Ohio. In addition the capabilities of coverage models utilizing PINPS and randomly obtained potential facilities are compared. Also, the use of models that represent polygon-based demand versus those depending on only typical point-represented demand will be discussed.

Guidebook for Measuring Performance of Automated People Mover Systems at Airports

Guidebook for Measuring Performance of Automated People Mover Systems at Airports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 0309213894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report to help measure the performance of automated people mover (APM) systems at airports. The guidebook identifies, defines, and demonstrates application of a broad range of performance measures encompassing service availability, safety, operations and maintenance expense, capacity utilization, user satisfaction, and reliability.

Measuring Transportation Network Performance

Measuring Transportation Network Performance Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Measuring Transportation Network Performance book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128181230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Measures of Transit Equity

Measures of Transit Equity Book
Author : Mary Cassatt James
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Measures of Transit Equity book written by Mary Cassatt James, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport

Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport Book
Author : Christopher Nash,Bryan Matthews
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-10-20
ISBN : 9780080456034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many transport economists have for some time proposed marginal social cost as the principle on which prices in the transport sector should be based and, in recent years, their prescription has come to be taken more and more seriously by policy-makers. However, in order to properly test the possible implications of implementing pricing based on marginal social cost and, ultimately, to introduce such a system, it is necessary to actually measure the marginal social costs concerned, and how they vary according to mode, time and context. This book reviews the transport pricing policy debate and reports on the significant advances made in measuring the marginal social costs of transport, particularly through UNITE and other European research projects. We look in turn at infrastructure, operating costs, user costs (both of congestion and of charges in frequency of scheduled transport services) accidents and environmental costs, and how these estimates have been used to examine the impact of marginal cost pricing in transport. We finish by examining how the results of case studies might be generalised to obtain estimates of marginal social costs for all circumstances and, finally, presenting our conclusions.

Transport Demand Management and Social Inclusion

Transport  Demand Management and Social Inclusion Book
Author : Fiona Rajé
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-05-15
ISBN : 1351877690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social inclusion/exclusion has only recently emerged in transport-related discourse. Despite the apparent absence of a transport policy framework for social inclusion/exclusion, there has been some movement towards a greater understanding of the social aspects of transport in the research sphere. This book brings together some of this research, focusing on ethnicity - an area that has, so far, had little discussion in the traditional transport literature, thereby contributing to the exploration of the interface between transport and social exclusion. In particular, it examines the contribution that demand management measures can make to the reduction of the negative impacts of road-based transport. It questions whether methods such as road user charging and work place parking can be used as instruments for social inclusion, and analyses the potential negative impacts of these schemes if sufficient attention is not paid to ethnicity issues.

Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Handicapped Persons

Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Handicapped Persons Book
Author : Norman Ashford,William G. Bell,Tom A. Rich
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 1000366537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1982 and contributed to by a range of international authors and experts in the field of transport accessibility, this volume discusses the position of urban and rural transport problems of the elderly and disabled in the UK, USA, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden. Based on research, policy analysis and documental field experience the volume also discusses advances made in relevant technology, major changes in public policy and innovative proposals for system development or change.

Transport

Transport Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : PediaPress
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Transport book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cycling for Sustainable Cities

Cycling for Sustainable Cities Book
Author : Ralph Buehler,John Pucher
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2021-02-02
ISBN : 0262362007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How to make city cycling--the most sustainable form of urban transportation--safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists. Cycling is the most sustainable mode of urban transportation, practical for most short- and medium-distance trips--commuting to and from work or school, shopping, visiting friends, going to the doctor's office. It's good for your health, spares the environment a trip's worth of auto emissions, and is economical for both public and personal budgets. Cycling, with all its benefits, should not be reserved for the fit, the spandex-clad, and the daring. Cycling for Sustainable Cities shows how to make city cycling safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists.