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Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events

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Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events Book
Author : Andrew Tarko
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-07
ISBN : 0128105054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events provides researchers and practitioners with the tools they need to quickly and effectively measure traffic safety. As traditional crash-based safety analyses are being undermined by today’s growing use of intelligent vehicular and road safety technologies, crash surrogates--or near misses--can be more effectively used to measure the future risk of crashes. This book advances the idea of using these near-crash techniques to deliver quicker and more adequate measurements of safety. It explores the relationships between traffic conflicts and crashes using an extrapolation of observed events rather than post-crash data, which is significantly slower to obtain. Readers will find sound estimation methods based on rigorous scientific principles, offering compelling new tools to better equip researchers to understand road safety and its factors. Consolidates the latest updates/ideas from disparate places into a single resource Establishes a consistent use of key terms, definitions and concepts to help codify this emerging field Contains numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Includes learning aids, such as chapter objectives, a glossary, and links to data used in examples

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling Book
Author : Dominique Lord,Xiao Qin,Srinivas Geedipally
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128168196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling comprehensively covers the key elements needed to make effective transportation engineering and policy decisions based on highway safety data analysis in a single. reference. The book includes all aspects of the decision-making process, from collecting and assembling data to developing models and evaluating analysis results. It discusses the challenges of working with crash and naturalistic data, identifies problems and proposes well-researched methods to solve them. Finally, the book examines the nuances associated with safety data analysis and shows how to best use the information to develop countermeasures, policies, and programs to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic crashes. Complements the Highway Safety Manual by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Provides examples and case studies for most models and methods Includes learning aids such as online data, examples and solutions to problems

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa

Non Motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa Book
Author : Winnie V. Mitullah,Marianne Vanderschuren,Meleckidzedeck Khayesi
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 1317086988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What challenges do pedestrians and cyclists face in cities of the developing world? What opportunities do these cities have to provide for walking and cycling? Based on in-depth research conducted in Cape Town (South Africa), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya), this book explores these questions by presenting work on walking and cycling travel behaviour, the status of road safety in these cities, as well as an analysis of the infrastructure for walking and cycling, and the workings of the institutions responsible for planning for these modes. The book also presents case studies relating to particular opportunities and challenges, such as the development and evaluation of ‘walking bus’ interventions, and the opportunities micro-simulation of pedestrian interventions offers within a data-scarce environment. Non-motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa demonstrates that transport and urban planning remains situated in a logic of automobile-dependent transport planning and global city development. This logic of practice does not pay adequate attention to walking and cycling. It argues that a significant shift in both policy as well as political commitment is needed so as to prioritize walking and cycling as strategies for sustainable transport policy in urban Africa. This book will be a key text for practitioners and policy makers working in planning, transport policy and urban development in Africa, as well as students and scholars of African studies, development studies, urban geography, transport studies and sustainable development.

Safe Mobility

Safe Mobility Book
Author : Dominique Lord,Simon Washington
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2018-04-18
ISBN : 1786352230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Parkinson s Disease Second Edition

Parkinson s Disease  Second Edition Book
Author : Ronald F. Pfeiffer,Zbigniew K. Wszolek,Manuchair Ebadi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-09
ISBN : 1439807140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, considerable advances have been made in our knowledge and understanding of Parkinson's disease (PD). In particular, there has been an explosion of information regarding genetic contributions to the etiology of PD and an increased awareness of the importance of the non-motor features of the disease. Theories regarding the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PD have also been refined, and new treatment modalities and advances implemented. Reflecting these changes, this second edition features new chapters devoted to genetic aspects of PD, non-motor features of the disease, and aspects of the pathophysiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of PD.

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering Book
Author : Shriniwas S. Arkatkar,S. Velmurugan,Ashish Verma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-28
ISBN : 9811537429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises select proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering (RATE 2018) with technical papers on the themes of traffic operation control and management, traffic safety and vulnerable road users, and sustainable transportation. It covers a wide range of topics, including advanced traffic data collection methods, big data analysis, mix-traffic characterization and modelling, travel time reliability, scenario of pedestrian and non-motorised vehicles (NMVs) traffic, regional traffic growth modelling, and applications of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in traffic management. The contents of this book offer up-to-date and practical knowledge on different aspects of traffic engineering, which is useful for students, researchers as well as practitioners.

Proceedings of AICCE 19

Proceedings of AICCE 19 Book
Author : Fadzli Mohamed Nazri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 3030328163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers the latest research, innovations, and applications in the field of civil engineering, as presented by leading national and international academics, researchers, engineers, and postgraduate students at the AWAM International Conference on Civil Engineering 2019 (AICCE’19), held in Penang, Malaysia on August 21-22, 2019. The book covers highly diverse topics in the main fields of civil engineering, including structural and earthquake engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, highway and transportation engineering, water resources engineering, and geomatic and construction management. In line with the conference theme, “Transforming the Nation for a Sustainable Tomorrow”, which relates to the United Nations’ 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development, it highlights important elements in the planning and development stages to establish design standards beneficial to the environment and its surroundings. The contributions introduce numerous exciting ideas that spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations between various specialists in the field of civil engineering.

Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan A guide for addressing aggressive driving collisions

Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan  A guide for addressing aggressive driving collisions Book
Author : Timothy R. Neuman
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0309068053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan A guide for addressing aggressive driving collisions book written by Timothy R. Neuman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations

Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations Book
Author : Tim De Ceunynck
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9789089130587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Defining and Applying Surrogate Safety Measures and Behavioural Indicators Through Site based Observations book written by Tim De Ceunynck, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Handbook of Highway Engineering

The Handbook of Highway Engineering Book
Author : T.F. Fwa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-28
ISBN : 1420039504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern highway engineering reflects an integrated view of a road system's entire lifecycle, including any potential environmental impacts, and seeks to develop a sustainable infrastructure through careful planning and active management. This trend is not limited to developed nations, but is recognized across the globe. Edited by renowned authority

Driver Distraction

Driver Distraction Book
Author : Kristie Young,John D. Lee,Michael A. Regan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-10-15
ISBN : 9781420007497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Highway Safety Literature

Highway Safety Literature Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Highway Safety Literature book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Highway Safety Manual

Highway Safety Manual Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : AASHTO
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1560514779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Highway Safety Manual (HSM) is a resource that provides safety knowledge and tools in a useful form to facilitate improved decision making based on safety performance. The focus of the HSM is to provide quantitative information for decision making. The HSM assembles currently available information and methodologies on measuring, estimating and evaluating roadways in terms of crash frequency (number of crashes per year) and crash severity (level of injuries due to crashes). The HSM presents tools and methodologies for consideration of 'safety' across the range of highway activities: planning, programming, project development, construction, operations, and maintenance. The purpose of this is to convey present knowledge regarding highway safety information for use by a broad array of transportation professionals"--P. xxiii.

ClinicalTrials

ClinicalTrials Book
Author : Curtis L. Meinert PhD
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-02-17
ISBN : 0199910251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1986, this landmark text is the definitive guide to clinical trials, written by one of the leading experts in the field. This fully-updated second edition continues to be the most authoritative reference text on randomized clinical trials. It contains a wealth of practical information on the design, conduct, and analysis of both single center and multicenter trials. No other book on clinical trials offers as much detail on such issues as sample size calculation, stratification and randomization, data systems design, development of consent forms, publication policies, preparation of funding requests, and reporting procedures. While the basics of design, conduct, and analysis of clinical trials remain the same, there have been significant changes since the first edition of Clinical Trials was published two decades ago. In this new edition, the author discusses the refinements and improvements made to methods and procedures, changes in the policies and guidelines underlying trials, as well as requirements for registration of trials. He also discusses current practices for data sharing, for gender representation, for treatment effects monitoring, and for ethical standards of clinical trials. The importance of the randomized controlled trial has grown significantly over time and they are now the cornerstone of all evidence-based medicine. Still rich in tables, checklists, charts, and other resources for the trialist, the second edition of Clinical Trials is an indispensable reference for clinicians, biostaticians, epidemiologists, and anyone involved in the design and implementation of a clinical trial.

Highway Safety Literature

Highway Safety Literature Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Highway Safety Literature book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering Medicine and Psychology

Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering  Medicine  and Psychology Book
Author : Donald L. Fisher,Matthew Rizzo,Jeffrey Caird,John D. Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-04-25
ISBN : 9781420061017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.

Atmospheric Emergencies

Atmospheric Emergencies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Atmospheric Emergencies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Roundabouts as Safe and Modern Solutions in Transport Networks and Systems

Roundabouts as Safe and Modern Solutions in Transport Networks and Systems Book
Author : Elżbieta Macioszek,Rahmi Akçelik,Grzegorz Sierpiński
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-31
ISBN : 331998618X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a collection of guidelines that will be particularly useful to those making decisions concerning roundabouts as safe and modern solutions in transport networks and systems. The decision-making support systems described here will interest those who face the challenge of finding solutions to problems concerning modern transport systems on a daily basis. Consequently, the book is chiefly intended for local authorities involved in planning and preparing development strategies for specific transport-related issues (in both urban and regional contexts), as well as for representatives of business and industry who are directly engaged in the implementation of traffic engineering solutions. The guidelines provided in the respective chapters help to address the given problem soundly, and to simplify the selection of an appropriate strategy. The topics covered include traffic conditions and the performance of single-lane, two-lane and turbo roundabouts, road traffic safety analysis, analysis of road traffic safety improvements, surrogate safety measures at roundabouts, analysis of pedestrian behavior at pedestrian crossings with public transport vehicles, methods for assessing vehicle motion trajectory at single-lane roundabouts using visual techniques, making compact two-lane roundabouts effective for vulnerable road users, concepts for wireless electric vehicle charging near roundabouts, work zones, and temporary traffic control at roundabouts. Since the book also considers new approaches to theoretical models (including modeling roundabout capacity, models of critical gaps and follow-up headways for turbo roundabouts, and estimating roundabout delay while taking into account pedestrian impact), it will also appeal to researchers and scientists studying these problems. The book gathers selected papers presented at the 15th Scientific and Technical Conference “Transport Systems. Theory and Practice”, organized by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering, Silesian University of Technology in Katowice, Poland on September 17–19, 2018.

Computer Vision and Imaging in Intelligent Transportation Systems

Computer Vision and Imaging in Intelligent Transportation Systems Book
Author : Robert P. Loce,Raja Bala,Mohan Trivedi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 1118971647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Acts as single source reference providing readers with an overview of how computer vision can contribute to the different applications in the field of road transportation This book presents a survey of computer vision techniques related to three key broad problems in the roadway transportation domain: safety, efficiency, and law enforcement. The individual chapters present significant applications within those problem domains, each presented in a tutorial manner, describing the motivation for and benefits of the application, and a description of the state of the art. Key features: Surveys the applications of computer vision techniques to road transportation system for the purposes of improving safety and efficiency and to assist law enforcement. Offers a timely discussion as computer vision is reaching a point of being useful in the field of transportation systems. Available as an enhanced eBook with video demonstrations to further explain the concepts discussed in the book, as well as links to publically available software and data sets for testing and algorithm development. The book will benefit the many researchers, engineers and practitioners of computer vision, digital imaging, automotive and civil engineering working in intelligent transportation systems. Given the breadth of topics covered, the text will present the reader with new and yet unconceived possibilities for application within their communities.

Development of Warrants for Installation of Dual Right turn Lanes at Signalized Intersections

Development of Warrants for Installation of Dual Right turn Lanes at Signalized Intersections Book
Author : Yi Qi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Right-turn lanes provide space for the deceleration and storage of right-turn vehicles, and separate turning vehicles from through movements. Dual right-turn lanes are increasingly used at urban intersections primarily for two reasons: (1) to accommodate high right-turn demands and avoid turn-pocket overflows, and/or (2) to prevent right-turn vehicles that exit from a nearby upstream freeway off-ramp (on the left of the roadway) from abruptly changing too many lanes toward the right-turn lane at the intersection. In addition, a number of other factors may affect the decisions on the installation of dual right-turn lanes. However, warrants for dual right lane installation are almost non-existent, leaving traffic engineers to rely on engineering judgment. This research aims to develop warrants for installation of dual right-turn lanes at signalized intersections. Both the operational and safety benefits/costs were analyzed by surveying traffic engineers and by conducting traffic simulation-based analysis. Microscopic traffic simulation model, VISSIM, was used to quantify the operation benefits and Surrogate Safety Assessment Model (SSAM) developed by Siemens was used to analyze the safety gains due to installation of dual right-turn lanes.