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Measurements Mechanisms And Models Of Heat Transport

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Measurements Mechanisms and Models of Heat Transport in Condensed Matter and Planetary Interiors

Measurements  Mechanisms  and Models of Heat Transport in Condensed Matter and Planetary Interiors Book
Author : Anne M. Hofmeister
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-10
ISBN : 9780128099810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport in Condensed Matter offers an interdisciplinary approach to the composition, dynamics and thermal evolution of planetary interiors. Using a combination of fundamentals, new developments in the research, and scientific and mathematical principles, this timely reference summarizes the state-of-the-art application of heat transport to geophysics. Covering both microscopic and macroscopic phenomena of heat transport, the book offers both the fundamental knowledge and up-to-date measurements and models to encourage further improvements and lead to a better understanding of the interior, formation and evolution of planetary bodies. Provides an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of the thermal evolution of large planetary bodies, including contributed chapters from leading experts Combines state-of-the-art measurements and solutions with core principles to lead to a better understanding of Earth's interior, formation and evolution Organized in two parts, focusing first on microscopic aspects of heat transport and the physical principles underlying it, and then covering macroscopic phenomena as they pertain to deciphering the thermal structure of planetary bodies Includes access to a companion website with updated and recent data, and in-text boxes that highlight future questions to ponder

Measurements Mechanisms and Models of Heat Transport

Measurements  Mechanisms  and Models of Heat Transport Book
Author : Anne M. Hofmeister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 0128099828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport offers an interdisciplinary approach to the dynamic response of matter to energy input. Using a combination of fundamental principles of physics, recent developments in measuring time-dependent heat conduction, and analytical mathematics, this timely reference summarizes the relative advantages of currently used methods, and remediates flaws in modern models and their historical precursors. Geophysicists, physical chemists, and engineers will find the book to be a valuable resource for its discussions of radiative transfer models and the kinetic theory of gas, amended to account for atomic collisions being inelastic. This book is a prelude to a companion volume on the thermal state, formation, and evolution of planets. Covering both microscopic and mesoscopic phenomena of heat transport, Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport offers both the fundamental knowledge and up-to-date measurements and models to encourage further improvem Combines state-of-the-art measurements with core principles to lead to a better understanding of heat conduction and of radiative diffusion, and how these processes are linked Focuses on macroscopic models of heat transport and the underlying physical principles, providing the tools needed to solve many different problems in heat transport Connects thermodynamics with behavior of light in revising the kinetic theory of gas, which underlies all models of heat transport, and uses such links to re-derive formulae for blackbody emissions Explores all states of matter, with an emphasis on crystalline and amorphous solids

Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets

Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets Book
Author : Anne Hofmeister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0128189444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets provides a better understanding of the interior of the Earth by addressing the processes related to the motion of heat in large bodies. By addressing issues such as the effect of self-gravitation on the thermal state of the Earth, the effect of length-scales on heat transport, important observations of Earth, and a comparison to the behavior of other rocky bodies, readers will find clearly delineated discussions on the thermal state and evolution of the Earth. Using a combination of fundamentals, new developments and scientific and mathematical principles, the book summarizes the state-of-the-art. This timely reference is an important resource for geophysicists, planetary scientists, geologists, geochemists, and seismologists to gain a better understanding of the interior, formation and evolution of planetary bodies. Provides an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of the thermal evolution of large planetary bodies, including contributed chapters from leading experts Includes relevant observations of Earth and large-scale heat transfer, a critical review of existing paradigms of the current thermal state of the Earth, and a discussion of heat flow on the other rocky planets Covers macroscopic phenomena as they pertain to deciphering the thermal structure of planetary bodies

Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Glass Science  Technology  History  and Culture Two Volume Set Book
Author : Pascal Richet
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 1118799399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.

Applied Mechanics Reviews

Applied Mechanics Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Mechanics Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanofluids

Nanofluids Book
Author : Sarit K. Das,Stephen U. Choi,Wenhua Yu,T. Pradeep
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-12-04
ISBN : 0470180684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to nanofluids--their properties, synthesis, characterization, and applications Nanofluids are attracting a great deal of interest with their enormous potential to provide enhanced performance properties, particularly with respect to heat transfer. In response, this text takes you on a complete journey into the science and technology of nanofluids. The authors cover both the chemical and physical methods for synthesizing nanofluids, explaining the techniques for creating a stable suspension of nanoparticles. You get an overview of the existing models and experimental techniques used in studying nanofluids, alongside discussions of the challenges and problems associated with some of these models. Next, the authors set forth and explain the heat transfer applications of nanofluids, including microelectronics, fuel cells, and hybrid-powered engines. You also get an introduction to possible future applications in large-scale cooling and biomedicine. This book is the work of leading pioneers in the field, one of whom holds the first U.S. patent for nanofluids. They have combined their own first-hand knowledge with a thorough review of theliterature. Among the key topics are: * Synthesis of nanofluids, including dispersion techniques and characterization methods * Thermal conductivity and thermo-physical properties * Theoretical models and experimental techniques * Heat transfer applications in microelectronics, fuel cells, and vehicle engines This text is written for researchers in any branch of science and technology, without any prerequisite.It therefore includes some basic information describing conduction, convection, and boiling of nanofluids for those readers who may not have adequate background in these areas. Regardless of your background, you'll learn to develop nanofluids not only as coolants, but also for a host ofnew applications on the horizon.

Advances in New Heat Transfer Fluids

Advances in New Heat Transfer Fluids Book
Author : Alina Adriana Minea
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 1498751865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat transfer enhancement has seen rapid development and widespread use in both conventional and emerging technologies. Improvement of heat transfer fluids requires a balance between experimental and numerical work in nanofluids and new refrigerants. Recognizing the uncertainties in development of new heat transfer fluids, Advances in New Heat Transfer Fluids: From Numerical to Experimental Techniques contains both theoretical and practical coverage.

Nanostructured Thin Films

Nanostructured Thin Films Book
Author : Maria Benelmekki,Andreas Erbe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-25
ISBN : 0081025734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Thin Films: Fundamentals and Applications presents an overview of the synthesis and characterization of thin films and their nanocomposites. Both vapor phase and liquid phase approaches are discussed, along with the methods that are sufficiently attractive for large-scale production. Examples of applications in clean energy, sensors, biomedicine, anticorrosion and surface modification are also included. As the applications of thin films in nanomedicine, cell phones, solar cell-powered devices, and in the protection of structural materials continues to grow, this book presents an important research reference for anyone seeking an informed overview on their structure and applications. Shows how thin films are being used to create more efficient devices in the fields of medicine and energy harvesting Discusses how to alter the design of nanostructured thin films by vapor phase and liquid phase methods Explores how modifying the structure of thin films for specific applications enhances their performance

Publications

Publications Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Two Phase Heat Transfer

Two Phase Heat Transfer Book
Author : Mirza Mohammed Shah
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-23
ISBN : 1119618614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to two-phase heat transfer theory, practice, and applications Designed primarily as a practical resource for design and development engineers, Two-Phase Heat Transfer contains the theories and methods of two-phase heat transfer that are solution oriented. Written in a clear and concise manner, the book includes information on physical phenomena, experimental data, theoretical solutions, and empirical correlations. A very wide range of real-world applications and formulas/correlations for them are presented. The two-phase heat transfer systems covered in the book include boiling, condensation, gas-liquid mixtures, and gas-solid mixtures. The authora noted expert in this fieldalso reviews the numerous applications of two-phase heat transfer such as heat exchangers in refrigeration and air conditioning, conventional and nuclear power generation, solar power plants, aeronautics, chemical processes, petroleum industry, and more. Special attention is given to heat exchangers using mini-channels which are being increasingly used in a variety of applications. This important book: Offers a practical guide to two-phase heat transfer Includes clear guidance for design professionals by identifying the best available predictive techniques Reviews the extensive literature on heat transfer in two-phase systems Presents information to aid in the design and analysis of heat exchangers. Written for students and research, design, and development engineers, Two-Phase Heat Transfer is a comprehensive volume that covers the theory, methods, and applications of two-phase heat transfer.

Heat Transfer 1994

Heat Transfer 1994 Book
Author : G. F. Hewitt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781560323341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heat Transfer 1994 book written by G. F. Hewitt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering Second Edition

CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering  Second Edition Book
Author : Frank Kreith,Raj P. Chhabra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-08
ISBN : 1351646036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The CRC Handbook of Thermal Engineering, Second Edition, is a fully updated version of this respected reference work, with chapters written by leading experts. Its first part covers basic concepts, equations and principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid dynamics. Following that is detailed coverage of major application areas, such as bioengineering, energy-efficient building systems, traditional and renewable energy sources, food processing, and aerospace heat transfer topics. The latest numerical and computational tools, microscale and nanoscale engineering, and new complex-structured materials are also presented. Designed for easy reference, this new edition is a must-have volume for engineers and researchers around the globe.

The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering Second Edition

The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering  Second Edition Book
Author : D. Yogi Goswami
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-09-29
ISBN : 1420041584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first edition of this comprehensive handbook was published ten years ago, many changes have taken place in engineering and related technologies. Now, this best-selling reference has been updated for the 21st century, providing complete coverage of classic engineering issues as well as groundbreaking new subject areas. The second edition of The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering covers every important aspect of the subject in a single volume. It continues the mission of the first edition in providing the practicing engineer in industry, government, and academia with relevant background and up-to-date information on the most important topics of modern mechanical engineering. Coverage of traditional topics has been updated, including sections on thermodynamics, solid and fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer, materials, controls, energy conversion, manufacturing and design, robotics, environmental engineering, economics and project management, patent law, and transportation. Updates to these sections include new references and information on computer technology related to the topics. This edition also includes coverage of new topics such as nanotechnology, MEMS, electronic packaging, global climate change, electric and hybrid vehicles, and bioengineering.

Thermal Energy

Thermal Energy Book
Author : Yatish T. Shah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 1315305941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book details sources of thermal energy, methods of capture, and applications. It describes the basics of thermal energy, including measuring thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics that govern its use and transformation, modes of thermal energy, conventional processes, devices and materials, and the methods by which it is transferred. It covers 8 sources of thermal energy: combustion, fusion (solar) fission (nuclear), geothermal, microwave, plasma, waste heat, and thermal energy storage. In each case, the methods of production and capture and its uses are described in detail. It also discusses novel processes and devices used to improve transfer and transformation processes.

Microscale Engineering of Phase Change and Radiation Heat Transfer

Microscale Engineering of Phase Change and Radiation Heat Transfer Book
Author : Qingyang Wang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid growth of modern economy and the increasingly high quality of human life over the last century are essentially attributed to the development of energy technologies, including the conversion, transport, storage, and utilization of energy. The transfer of thermal energy plays an instrumental role in virtually all energy related technologies. As such, exploring the fundamentals of heat transfer is of significant importance for both scientific advancement and technological development. Each of the basic heat transfer modes is governed by different length scales, understanding and engineering of which thus underpin the development of heat transfer technologies. In this dissertation, quantification and engineering of characteristic lengths in two different heat transfer mechanisms, namely, phase change heat transfer (PCHT) and radiation heat transfer, are studied. Liquid-vapor PCHT utilizes latent heat of vaporization to efficiently transport a large amount of thermal energy, which is being used in a variety of thermal energy conversion and management applications. The critical heat flux (CHF) of PCHT, either evaporation or boiling, is fundamentally limited by mass flux of the vapor departing from the liquid-vapor interface, known as the kinetic limit. This limit could be in theory greater than 1 kW cm2 on a planar surface, but its experimental realization has remained elusive. In the first part of this dissertation, by leveraging the small length scale for heat conduction and vapor bubble departure within a thin liquid film, a new "thin film boiling" mechanism is proposed and realized by confining the boiling liquid within a microscale film on a nanoporous membrane. Superior heat transfer performance is demonstrated with a high CHF of over 1.8 kW cm-2, which is among the highest reported values for PCHT on a planar surface and is within a factor of four of the calculated theoretical kinetic limit. Furthermore, by continuously shrinking the liquid film, a universal transition from boiling to evaporation is further identified for different fluids with varying surface tension values (water, ethanol, isopropanol, and perfluorohexane), and the heat transfer characteristics of the transition points are found to be close to the kinetic limit. The limiting factors dictating the transition between the two different heat transfer modes are also elucidated. In advanced materials for high temperature thermal transport such as thermal barrier coatings for turbine blades and heat transfer media in concentrated solar power plants, the radiative thermal transport, which is often negligible at room temperature, becomes comparable to or even more important than heat conduction. However, an effective thermal conductivity encompassing both heat transfer modes is often used at high temperatures, due to the lack of a convenient methodology to separate the contributions from conduction and radiation, especially for high temperature thermal measurement using the prevailing instrument called the laser flash analyzer (LFA). In particular, the characteristic length scale of radiation heat transfer is often elusive. In the second part of this dissertation, a transient coupled conduction/radiation model, with the realistic boundary conditions used in the LFA, is developed to study the transient heat transfer in high temperature materials. By identifying the propagation length of photons in different portions of the spectrum, heat transfer due to photons with direct transmission and diffusive transport is delineated. In the conductive thermal conductivity of semi-transparent materials obtained from the LFA, conventional models would still cause non-negligible error at high temperatures, while the coupled model developed here can accurately quantify the radiative contribution.

Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer

Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer Book
Author : C.B. Sobhan,G.P. Peterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-06-12
ISBN : 1420007114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through analyses, experimental results, and worked-out numerical examples, Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer: Fundamentals and Engineering Applications explores the methods and observations of thermophysical phenomena in size-affected domains. Compiling the most relevant findings from the literature, along with results from their own re

Advances in Heat Transfer

Advances in Heat Transfer Book
Author : Avram Bar-Cohen,Young I. Cho,George A. Greene
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-11-26
ISBN : 9780123814258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Heat Transfer fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles over a broader scope than in journals or texts. The articles, which serve as a broad review for experts in the field, will also be of great interest to non-specialists who need to keep up-to-date with the results of the latest research. This serial is essential reading for all mechanical, chemical and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer, graduate schools or industry. Provides an overview of review articles on topics of current interest Bridges the gap between academic researchers and practitioners in industry A long-running and prestigious series

Literature 1982

Literature 1982 Book
Author : Siegfried Böhme,Professor Dr. Walter Fricke,Herbert Hefele,Inge Heinrich,Wilfried Hofmann,Dietlinde Krahn,Vladimir R. Matas,Dr. Lutz D. Schmadel,Gert Zech
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-09
ISBN : 3662123371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts, which has appeared in semi-annual volumes since 1969, is devoted to the recording, summarizing and indexing of astronomical publications throughout the world. It is prepared under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union (according to a resolution adopted at the 14th General Assembly in 1970). Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts aims to present a comprehensive documenta tion of literature in all fields of astronomy and astrophysics. Every effort will be made to ensure that the average time interval between the date of receipt of the original literature and publication of the abstracts will not exceed eight months. This time interval is near to that achieved by monthly abstracting journals, compared to which our system of accumu lating abstracts for about six months offers the advantage of greater convenience for the user. Volume 32 contains literature published in 1982 and received before February 11, 1983; some older literature which was received late and which is not recorded in earlier volumes is also included. We acknowledge with thanks contributions to this volume by Dr. J. Bou~a, Prague, who surveyed journals and publications in Czech and supplied us with abstracts in English.

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering Book
Author : Nicholus Tayari Akankwasa,Dieter Veit
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-03-28
ISBN : 0128229551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering: New Concepts, Methods, and Applications explains the advanced principles and techniques that can be used to solve textile engineering problems using numerical modeling and simulation. The book draws on innovative research and industry practice to explain methods for the modeling of all of these processes, helping readers apply computational power to more areas of textile engineering. Experimental results are presented and linked closely to processes and methods of implementation. Diverse concepts such as heat transfer, fluid dynamics, three-dimensional motion, and multi-phase flow are addressed. Finally, tools, theoretical principles, and numerical models are extensively covered. Textile engineering involves complex processes which are not easily expressed numerically or simulated, such as fiber motion simulation, yarn to fiber formation, melt spinning technology, optimization of yarn production, textile machinery design and optimization, and modeling of textile/fabric reinforcements. Provides new approaches and techniques to simulate a wide range of textile processes from geometry to manufacturing Includes coverage of detailed mathematical methods for textiles, including neural networks, genetic algorithms, and the finite element method Addresses modeling techniques for many different phenomena, including heat transfer, fluid dynamics and multi-phase flow