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Matlab For Engineering And The Life Sciences

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MATLAB for Engineering and the Life Sciences

MATLAB for Engineering and the Life Sciences Book
Author : Joseph V. Tranquillo
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1608457109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the life sciences have embraced simulation as an important tool in biomedical research. Engineers are also using simulation as a powerful step in the design process. In both arenas, Matlab has become the gold standard. It is easy to learn, flexible, and has a large and growing userbase. MATLAB for Engineering and the Life Sciences is a self-guided tour of the basic functionality of MATLAB along with the functions that are most commonly used in biomedical engineering and other life sciences. Although the text is written for undergraduates, graduate students and academics, those in industry may also find value in learning MATLAB through biologically inspired examples. For instructors, the book is intended to take the emphasis off of learning syntax so that the course can focus more on algorithmic thinking. Although it is not assumed that the reader has taken differential equations or a linear algebra class, there are short introductions to many of these concepts. Following a short history of computing, the MATLAB environment is introduced. Next, vectors and matrices are discussed, followed by matrix-vector operations. The core programming elements of MATLAB are introduced in three successive chapters on scripts, loops, and conditional logic. The last three chapters outline how to manage the input and output of data, create professional quality graphics and find and use Matlab toolboxes. Throughout, biomedical examples are used to illustrate MATLAB's capabilities. Table of Contents: Introduction / Matlab Programming Environment / Vectors / Matrices / Matrix -- Vector Operations / Scripts and Functions / Loops / Conditional Logic / Data In, Data Out / Graphics / Toolboxes

An Introduction to Optimal Control Problems in Life Sciences and Economics

An Introduction to Optimal Control Problems in Life Sciences and Economics Book
Author : Sebastian Aniţa,Viorel Arnăutu,Vincenzo Capasso
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-05
ISBN : 0817680985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining control theory and modeling, this textbook introduces and builds on methods for simulating and tackling concrete problems in a variety of applied sciences. Emphasizing "learning by doing," the authors focus on examples and applications to real-world problems. An elementary presentation of advanced concepts, proofs to introduce new ideas, and carefully presented MATLAB® programs help foster an understanding of the basics, but also lead the way to new, independent research. With minimal prerequisites and exercises in each chapter, this work serves as an excellent textbook and reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers, and practitioners in mathematics, physics, engineering, computer science, as well as biology, biotechnology, economics, and finance.

Engineering Principles in Everyday Life for Non Engineers

Engineering Principles in Everyday Life for Non Engineers Book
Author : Saeed Benjamin Niku
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2016-02-01
ISBN : 1627058591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the role of some engineering principles in our everyday lives. Engineers study these principles and use them in the design and analysis of the products and systems with which they work. The same principles play basic and influential roles in our everyday lives as well. Whether the concept of entropy, the moments of inertia, the natural frequency, the Coriolis acceleration, or the electromotive force, the roles and effects of these phenomena are the same in a system designed by an engineer or created by nature. This shows that learning about these engineering concepts helps us to understand why certain things happen or behave the way they do, and that these concepts are not strange phenomena invented by individuals only for their own use, rather, they are part of our everyday physical and natural world, but are used to our benefit by the engineers and scientists. Learning about these principles might also help attract more and more qualified and interested high school and college students to the engineering fields. Each chapter of this book explains one of these principles through examples, discussions, and at times, simple equations.

Primary MATLAB for Life Sciences Guide for Beginners

Primary MATLAB   for Life Sciences  Guide for Beginners Book
Author : Leonid Burstein
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2013-12-07
ISBN : 1608058042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This e-book provides readers a short introductory MATLAB® course oriented towards various collaborative areas of biotechnology and bioscience. The text concentrates on MATLAB® fundamentals and gives examples of its application for various problems in computational biology, molecular biology, biokinetics, biomedicine, bioinformatics, and biotechnology. MATLAB® is presented with examples and applications to various school-level and advanced life science / bioengineering problems - from growing populations of microorganisms and population dynamics, reaction kinetics and reagent concentrations, predator-prey models, to data fitting and time series analysis. The book is divided into 6 chapters containing material carefully selected and tailored to teaching several groups of biotechnology students. The topics are presented in a manner that allows readers to proceed sequentially on the strength of the preceding material. Primary MATLAB® for Life Sciences: A Guide for Beginners is essentially a concise and comprehensive text that provides an easy grasp and to-the-point access to the MATLAB® tool to the community of life sciences and bioengneering undergraduates and specialists.

Value Rational Engineering

Value Rational Engineering Book
Author : Shuichi Fukuda
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 1681734060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Early in the 20th century, our world was small and closed with boundaries. And, there were no appreciable changes. Therefore, we could foresee the future. These days, however, we could apply mathematical rationality and solve problems without any difficulty. As our world began to expand rapidly and boundaries disappeared, the problem of bounded rationality emerged. Engineers put forth tremendous effort to overcome this difficulty and succeeded in expanding the bounds of mathematical rationality, thereby establishing the "Controllable World." However, our world continues to expand. Therefore such an approach can no longer be applied. We have no other choice than "satisficing" (Herbert A. Simon's word, Satisfy + Suffice). This expanding open world brought us frequent and extensive changes which are unpredictable and diversification and personalization of customer expectations. To cope with these situations, we need diverse knowledge and experience. Thus, to satisfy our customers, we need teamwork. These changes of environments and situations transformed the meaning of value. It used to mean excellent functions and exact reproducibility. Now, it means how good and flexible we can be to adapt to the situations. Thus, adaptability is the value today. Although these changes were big, and we needed to re-define value, a greater shift in engineering is now emerging. The Internet of Things (IoT) brought us the "Connected Society," where things are connected. Things include not only products, but also humans. As changes are so frequent and extensive, only users know what is happening right now. Thus, the user in this Connected Society needs to be a playing manager—he or she should manage to control the product-human team on the pitch. Moreover, this Connected Society will bring us another big shift in engineering. Engineering in this framework will become Social Networking, with engineering no longer developing individual products and managing team products. The Internet works two ways between the sender and the receiver. Our engineering has ever been only one way. Thus, how we establish a social networking framework for engineering is a big challenge facing us today. This will change our engineering. Engineers are expected to develop not only products, but also such dream society. This book discusses these issues and points out that New Horizons are emerging before us. It is hoped that this book helps readers explore and establish their own New Worlds.

Introduction to Engineering Design

Introduction to Engineering Design Book
Author : Ann Saterbak,Matthew Wettergreen
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2021-08-10
ISBN : 1636391478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Engineering Design is a practical, straightforward workbook designed to systematize the often messy process of designing solutions to open-ended problems. From learning about the problem to prototyping a solution, this workbook guides developing engineers and designers through the iterative steps of the engineering design process. Created in a freshman engineering design course over ten years, this workbook has been refined to clearly guide students and teams to success. Together with a series of instructional videos and short project examples, the workbook has space for teams to execute the engineering design process on a challenge of their choice. Designed for university students as well as motivated learners, the workbook supports creative students as they tackle important problems. Introduction to Engineering Design is designed for educators looking to use project-based engineering design in their classroom.

Scientific Analysis of Cultural Heritage Objects

Scientific Analysis of Cultural Heritage Objects Book
Author : Michael Wiescher,Khachatur Manukyan
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-08-31
ISBN : 1681739178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The characterization of cultural heritage objects becomes increasingly important for conservation, restoration, dating, and authentication purposes. The use of scientific methods in archaeometry and conservation science has led to a significant broadening of the field. Scientific analysis of these objects is a challenging task due to their complex composition, artistic and historical values requiring the use of minimally invasive and nondestructive analytical procedures. This textbook summarizes scientific methods that are currently used to characterize objects of cultural heritage and archaeological artifacts. This book provides a brief description of the structure of matter at the molecular, atomic, and nuclear levels. Furthermore, it discusses the chemical and physical nature of materials from the molecular to the atomic and nuclear level as determined by the principles of quantum mechanics. Important aspects of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity that play a critical role for some of the analytical techniques are also emphasized. The textbook also provides principals and applications of spectroscopic methods for characterization of cultural heritage objects. It describes the technologies with specific examples for utilization of spectroscopic techniques in the characterization of paintings, books, coins, ceramics, and other objects. Analytic approaches that employ isotopes and determination of isotope ratios will be reviewed. General principles of imaging techniques and specific examples for utilization of these methods will also be summarized. In the later part of the book, a number of scientific techniques for the age determination of cultural heritage material and archaeological artifacts will be presented and discussed with specific examples.

An Introduction to Numerical Methods for the Physical Sciences

An Introduction to Numerical Methods for the Physical Sciences Book
Author : Colm T. Whelan
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 1681738732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is only a very limited number of physical systems that can be exactly described in terms of simple analytic functions. There are, however, a vast range of problems which are amenable to a computational approach. This book provides a concise, self-contained introduction to the basic numerical and analytic techniques, which form the foundations of the algorithms commonly employed to give a quantitative description of systems of genuine physical interest. The methods developed are applied to representative problems from classical and quantum physics.

The Art of Teaching Physics with Ancient Chinese Science and Technology

The Art of Teaching Physics with Ancient Chinese Science and Technology Book
Author : Matt Marone
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-08-31
ISBN : 1681739054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Blending physics with the study of ancient Chinese science, technology, and culture is a unique and highly effective way to present the fundamentals of physics to non-science majors. Based on the author’s course at Mercer University (Georgia, U.S.), The Art of Teaching Physics with Ancient Chinese Science and Technology exposes a wide range of students to the scientific method and techniques of experimental analysis through the eyes and discoveries of ancient Chinese “polymaths” long before the European concept of the scientific method was even considered. No other book so deftly makes the connections from ancient China to Ben Franklin to Michael Faraday while teaching physics at the same time. A distinctive characteristic of this book is the detailed hands-on laboratory experiments. This first includes making a simple magnetic compass and magnetometer. Students then use the compass/magnetometer to measure the strength of the magnetic field produced by a long straight wire. The second experiment covers two different methods of mining copper to introduce students to simple chemical principles such as displacement reactions, oxidation, reduction, and electronegativity. Originally developed for non-science students in an Asian studies environment, this book provides a valuable resource for science teachers who wish to explore the historical connections largely ignored in traditional texts. When paired with Teaching Physics through Ancient Chinese Science and Technology (Marone, 2019), these two texts provide a unique means of studying selected topics traditionally found in a two-semester Physics course.

The Engineering Design Challenge

The Engineering Design Challenge Book
Author : Charles W. Dolan
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1627051767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Engineering Design Challenge addresses teaching engineering design and presents design projects for first-year students and interdisciplinary design ventures. A short philosophy and background of engineering design is discussed. The organization of the University of Wyoming first-year Introduction to Engineering program is presented with an emphasis on the first-year design challenges. These challenges are presented in a format readily incorporated in other first-year programs. The interdisciplinary design courses address the institutional constraints and present organizational approaches that resolve these issues. Student results are summarized and briefly assessed. A series of short intellectual problems are included to initiate discussion and understanding of design issues. Sample syllabi, research paper requirements, and oral presentation evaluation sheets are included.

Introduction to Engineering Research

Introduction to Engineering Research Book
Author : Wendy C. Crone
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-06-01
ISBN : 1681738007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Undergraduate and first-year graduate students engaging in engineering research need more than technical skills and tools to be successful. From finding a research position and funding, to getting the mentoring needed to be successful while conducting research responsibly, to learning how to do the other aspects of research associated with project management and communication, this book provides novice researchers with the guidance they need to begin developing mastery. Awareness and deeper understanding of the broader context of research reduces barriers to success, increases capacity to contribute to a research team, and enhances ability to work both independently and collaboratively. Being prepared for what's to come and knowing the questions to ask along the way allows those entering researcher to become more comfortable engaging with not only the research itself but also their colleagues and mentors.

Empowering Professional Teaching in Engineering

Empowering Professional Teaching in Engineering Book
Author : John Heywood
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2018-03-01
ISBN : 1681732947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each one of us has views about education, how discipline should function, how individuals learn, how they should be motivated, what intelligence is, and the structures (content and subjects) of the curriculum. Perhaps the most important beliefs that (beginning) teachers bring with them are their notions about what constitutes "good teaching". The scholarship of teaching requires that (beginning) teachers should examine (evaluate) these views in the light of knowledge currently available about the curriculum and instruction, and decide their future actions on the basis of that analysis. Such evaluations are best undertaken when classrooms are treated as laboratories of inquiry (research) where teachers establish what works best for them. Two instructor centred and two learner centred philosophies of knowledge, curriculum and instruction are used to discern the fundamental (basic) questions that engineering educators should answer in respect of their own beliefs and practice. They point to a series of classroom activities that will enable them to challenge their own beliefs, and at the same time affirm, develop, or change their philosophies of knowledge, curriculum and instruction.

The Human Side of Engineering

The Human Side of Engineering Book
Author : John Heywood
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2017-01-09
ISBN : 1627056653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While in many university courses attention is given to the human side, as opposed to the technical side of engineering, it is by and large an afterthought. Engineering is, however, a technical, social, and personal activity. Several studies show that engineering is a community activity of professionals in which communication is central to the engineering task. Increasingly, technology impacts everyone in society. Acting as a professional community, engineers have an awesome power to influence society but they can only act for the common good if they understand the nature of our society. To achieve such understanding they have to understand themselves. This book is about understanding ourselves in order to understand others, and understanding others in order to understand ourselves in the context of engineering and the society it serves. To achieve this understanding this book takes the reader on 12 intellectual journeys that frame the big questions confronting the engineering professions.

A MATLAB Primer for Technical Programming for Materials Science and Engineering

A MATLAB   Primer for Technical Programming for Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Leonid Burstein
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-02-06
ISBN : 0128191163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A MATLAB® Primer for Technical Programming for Materials Science and Engineering draws on examples from the field, providing the latest information on this programming tool that is targeted towards materials science. The book enables non-programmers to master MATLAB® in order to solve problems in materials science, assuming only a modest mathematical background. In addition, the book introduces programming and technical concepts in a logical manner to help students use MATLAB® for subsequent projects. This title offers materials scientists who are non-programming specialists with a coherent and focused introduction to MATLAB®. Provides the necessary background, alongside examples drawn from the field, to allow materials scientists to effectively master MATLAB® Guides the reader through programming and technical concepts in a logical and coherent manner Promotes a thorough working familiarity with MATLAB® for materials scientists Gives the information needed to write efficient and compact programs to solve problems in materials science, tribology, mechanics of materials and other material-related disciplines

The Making of Green Engineers

The Making of Green Engineers Book
Author : Andrew Jamison
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1627051597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the ways in which engineering educators are responding to the challenges that confront their profession. On the one hand, there is an overarching sustainability challenge: the need for engineers to relate to the problems brought to light in the debates about environmental protection, resource depletion, and climate change. There are also a range of societal challenges that are due to the permeation of science and technology into ever more areas of our societies and everyday lives, and finally, there are the intrinsic scientific and technological challenges stemming from the emergence of new fields of "technosciences" that mix science and technology in new combinations. In the book, the author discusses and exemplifies three contending response strategies on the part of engineers and engineering educators: a commercial strategy that links scientists and engineers into networks or systems of innovation; an academic strategy that reasserts the traditional values of science and engineering; and an integrative strategy that aims to combine scientific knowledge and engineering skills with cultural understanding and social responsibility by fostering what the author terms a "hybrid imagination." Professor Jamison combines scholarly analysis with personal reflections drawing on over forty years of experience as a humanist teaching science and engineering students about the broader social, political and cultural contexts of their fields. The book has been written as part of the Program of Research on Opportunities and Challenges in Engineering Education in Denmark (PROCEED), funded by the Danish Strategic Research Council, for which Professor Jamison has served as coordinator.

Integrated Process Design and Operational Optimization via Multiparametric Programming

Integrated Process Design and Operational Optimization via Multiparametric Programming Book
Author : Baris Burnak,Nikolaos A. Diangelakis,Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-09-04
ISBN : 1681739550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive optimization-based theory and framework that exploits the synergistic interactions and tradeoffs between process design and operational decisions that span different time scales. Conventional methods in the process industry often isolate decision making mechanisms with a hierarchical information flow to achieve tractable problems, risking suboptimal, even infeasible operations. In this book, foundations of a systematic model-based strategy for simultaneous process design, scheduling, and control optimization is detailed to achieve reduced cost and improved energy consumption in process systems. The material covered in this book is well suited for the use of industrial practitioners, academics, and researchers. In Chapter 1, a historical perspective on the milestones in model-based design optimization techniques is presented along with an overview of the state-of-the-art mathematical tools to solve the resulting complex problems. Chapters 2 and 3 discuss two fundamental concepts that are essential for the reader. These concepts are (i) mixed integer dynamic optimization problems and two algorithms to solve this class of optimization problems, and (ii) developing a model based multiparametric programming model predictive control. These tools are used to systematically evaluate the tradeoffs between different time-scale decisions based on a single high-fidelity model, as demonstrated on (i) design and control, (ii) scheduling and control, and (iii) design, scheduling, and control problems. We present illustrative examples on chemical processing units, including continuous stirred tank reactors, distillation columns, and combined heat and power regeneration units, along with discussions of other relevant work in the literature for each class of problems.

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering Book
Author : Kim Gail Clarke
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-31
ISBN : 1782421688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology is an expansive field incorporating expertise in both the life science and engineering disciplines. In biotechnology, the scientist is concerned with developing the most favourable biocatalysts, while the engineer is directed towards process performance, defining conditions and strategies that will maximize the production potential of the biocatalyst. Increasingly, the synergistic effect of the contributions of engineering and life sciences is recognised as key to the translation of new bioproducts from the laboratory bench to commercial bioprocess. Fundamental to the successful realization of the bioprocess is a need for process engineers and life scientists competent in evaluating biological systems from a cross-disciplinary viewpoint. Bioprocess engineering aims to generate core competencies through an understanding of the complementary biotechnology disciplines and their interdependence, and an appreciation of the challenges associated with the application of engineering principles in a life science context. Initial chapters focus on the microbiology, biochemistry and molecular biology that underpin biocatalyst potential for product accumulation. The following chapters develop kinetic and mass transfer principles that quantify optimum process performance and scale up. The text is wide in scope, relating to bioprocesses using bacterial, fungal and enzymic biocatalysts, batch, fed-batch and continuous strategies and free and immobilised configurations. Details the application of chemical engineering principles for the development, design, operation and scale up of bioprocesses Details the knowledge in microbiology, biochemistry and molecular biology relevant to bioprocess design, operation and scale up Discusses the significance of these life sciences in defining optimum bioprocess performance

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering

Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering Book
Author : Paul H. Kvam,Brani Vidakovic
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-08-24
ISBN : 9780470168691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A thorough and definitive book that fully addresses traditional and modern-day topics of nonparametric statistics This book presents a practical approach to nonparametric statistical analysis and provides comprehensive coverage of both established and newly developed methods. With the use of MATLAB, the authors present information on theorems and rank tests in an applied fashion, with an emphasis on modern methods in regression and curve fitting, bootstrap confidence intervals, splines, wavelets, empirical likelihood, and goodness-of-fit testing. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering begins with succinct coverage of basic results for order statistics, methods of categorical data analysis, nonparametric regression, and curve fitting methods. The authors then focus on nonparametric procedures that are becoming more relevant to engineering researchers and practitioners. The important fundamental materials needed to effectively learn and apply the discussed methods are also provided throughout the book. Complete with exercise sets, chapter reviews, and a related Web site that features downloadable MATLAB applications, this book is an essential textbook for graduate courses in engineering and the physical sciences and also serves as a valuable reference for researchers who seek a more comprehensive understanding of modern nonparametric statistical methods.

Geometric Programming for Design Equation Development and Cost Profit Optimization

Geometric Programming for Design Equation Development and Cost Profit Optimization Book
Author : Robert C. Creese
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2016-12-27
ISBN : 1627059369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geometric Programming is used for cost minimization, profit maximization, obtaining cost ratios, and the development of generalized design equations for the primal variables. The early pioneers of geometric programming—Zener, Duffin, Peterson, Beightler, Wilde, and Phillips—played important roles in its development. Five new case studies have been added to the third edition. There are five major sections: (1) Introduction, History and Theoretical Fundamentals; (2) Cost Minimization Applications with Zero Degrees of Difficulty; (3) Profit Maximization Applications with Zero Degrees of Difficulty; (4) Applications with Positive Degrees of Difficulty; and (5) Summary, Future Directions, and Geometric Programming Theses & Dissertations Titles. The various solution techniques presented are the constrained derivative approach, condensation of terms approach, dimensional analysis approach, and transformed dual approach. A primary goal of this work is to have readers develop more case studies and new solution techniques to further the application of geometric programming.

Simplified Models for Assessing Heat and Mass Transfer in Evaporative Towers

Simplified Models for Assessing Heat and Mass Transfer in Evaporative Towers Book
Author : Giulio Lorenzini,Alessandra De Angelis,Onorio Saro,Stefano D'Elia
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 1627051929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to supply valid and reasonable parameters in order to guide the choice of the right model of industrial evaporative tower according to operating conditions which vary depending on the particular industrial context: power plants, chemical plants, food processing plants and other industrial facilities are characterized by specific assets and requirements that have to be satisfied. Evaporative cooling is increasingly employed each time a significant water flow at a temperature which does not greatly differ from ambient temperature is needed for removing a remarkable heat load; its aim is to refrigerate a water flow through the partial evaporation of the same.