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Mathematical And Physical Fundamentals Of Climate Change

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Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang,John C. Moore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780128102428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change" is the first book to provide an overview of the math and physics necessary for scientists to understand and apply atmospheric and oceanic models to climate research. The book begins with basic mathematics then leads on to specific applications in atmospheric and ocean dynamics, such as fluid dynamics, atmospheric dynamics, oceanic dynamics, and glaciers and sea level rise. "Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change" provides a solid foundation in math and physics with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. This book informs the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need. Developed from a course that the authors teach at Beijing Normal University, the material has been extensively class-tested and contains online resources, such as presentation files, lecture notes, solutions to problems and MATLab codes. Includes MatLab and Fortran programs that allow readers to create their own modelsProvides case studies to show how the math is applied to climate researchOnline resources include presentation files, lecture notes, and solutions to problems in book for use in classroom or self-study"

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang,John C. Moore
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2014-11-25
ISBN : 9780128000663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change is the first book to provide an overview of the math and physics necessary for scientists to understand and apply atmospheric and oceanic models to climate research. The book begins with basic mathematics then leads on to specific applications in atmospheric and ocean dynamics, such as fluid dynamics, atmospheric dynamics, oceanic dynamics, and glaciers and sea level rise. Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change provides a solid foundation in math and physics with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. This book informs the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need. Developed from a course that the authors teach at Beijing Normal University, the material has been extensively class-tested and contains online resources, such as presentation files, lecture notes, solutions to problems and MATLab codes. Includes MatLab and Fortran programs that allow readers to create their own models Provides case studies to show how the math is applied to climate research Online resources include presentation files, lecture notes, and solutions to problems in book for use in classroom or self-study

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang,John C. Moore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-06
ISBN : 0128005831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change is the first book to provide an overview of the math and physics necessary for scientists to understand and apply atmospheric and oceanic models to climate research. The book begins with basic mathematics then leads on to specific applications in atmospheric and ocean dynamics, such as fluid dynamics, atmospheric dynamics, oceanic dynamics, and glaciers and sea level rise. Mathematical and Physical Fundamentals of Climate Change provides a solid foundation in math and physics with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models. This book informs the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need. Developed from a course that the authors teach at Beijing Normal University, the material has been extensively class-tested and contains online resources, such as presentation files, lecture notes, solutions to problems and MATLab codes. Includes MatLab and Fortran programs that allow readers to create their own models Provides case studies to show how the math is applied to climate research Online resources include presentation files, lecture notes, and solutions to problems in book for use in classroom or self-study

Multivariate Time Series Analysis in Climate and Environmental Research

Multivariate Time Series Analysis in Climate and Environmental Research Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-09
ISBN : 3319673408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers comprehensive information on the theory, models and algorithms involved in state-of-the-art multivariate time series analysis and highlights several of the latest research advances in climate and environmental science. The main topics addressed include Multivariate Time-Frequency Analysis, Artificial Neural Networks, Stochastic Modeling and Optimization, Spectral Analysis, Global Climate Change, Regional Climate Change, Ecosystem and Carbon Cycle, Paleoclimate, and Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation. The self-contained guide will be of great value to researchers and advanced students from a wide range of disciplines: those from Meteorology, Climatology, Oceanography, the Earth Sciences and Environmental Science will be introduced to various advanced tools for analyzing multivariate data, greatly facilitating their research, while those from Applied Mathematics, Statistics, Physics, and the Computer Sciences will learn how to use these multivariate time series analysis tools to approach climate and environmental topics.

Big Data Mining for Climate Change

Big Data Mining for Climate Change Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12
ISBN : 0128187034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Big Data Mining for Climate Change addresses how to manage the vast amount of information available for analysis. Climate change and its environmental, economic and social consequences are widely recognized as the biggest, most interconnected problem facing humanity. There is a huge amount of potential information currently available...and it is growing exponentially. This book walks through the latest research and how to navigate the resources available using big data applications. It is appropriate for scientists and advanced students studying climate change from a number of disciplines, including the atmospheric sciences, oceanic sciences, geography, environment sciences, ecology, energy, economics, engineering and public policy. Provides a step-by-step guide for applying big data mining tools to climate and environmental research Presents a comprehensive review of theory and algorithms of big data mining for climate change Includes current research in climate and environmental science as it relates to using big data algorithms

Patterns and Mechanisms of Climate Paleoclimate and Paleoenvironmental Changes from Low Latitude Regions

Patterns and Mechanisms of Climate  Paleoclimate and Paleoenvironmental Changes from Low Latitude Regions Book
Author : Zhihua Zhang,Nabil Khélifi,Abdelkader Mezghani,Essam Heggy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-17
ISBN : 3030015998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Middle East and Mediterranean region locates at a crossroad of global climatic patterns. The region is under the influence of a convergence of different maritime conditions which together with extensive adjacent land masses marked by extreme differences in topographical features transporting continental air masses lead to a diverse climate. This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. It gives new insights on patterns and mechanisms of past, present and future climate/environmental changes mainly on Middle East and Mediterranean region by international researchers. The book is of interest to all researchers in the fields of climate, paleo-climate and paleo-environmental studies. Main topics include: • Spatio-temporal Patterns of Climate Change • Sea Level Variability • Climate Change Impacts and Migration Schemes • Paleoclimate Evolution • Paleoenvironmental Evolution

Computational Science ICCS 2020

Computational Science     ICCS 2020 Book
Author : Valeria V. Krzhizhanovskaya,Gábor Závodszky,Michael H. Lees,Jack J. Dongarra,Peter M. A. Sloot,Sérgio Brissos,João Teixeira
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-18
ISBN : 3030503712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seven-volume set LNCS 12137, 12138, 12139, 12140, 12141, 12142, and 12143 constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2020, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in June 2020.* The total of 101 papers and 248 workshop papers presented in this book set were carefully reviewed and selected from 719 submissions (230 submissions to the main track and 489 submissions to the workshops). The papers were organized in topical sections named: Part I: ICCS Main Track Part II: ICCS Main Track Part III: Advances in High-Performance Computational Earth Sciences: Applications and Frameworks; Agent-Based Simulations, Adaptive Algorithms and Solvers; Applications of Computational Methods in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning; Biomedical and Bioinformatics Challenges for Computer Science Part IV: Classifier Learning from Difficult Data; Complex Social Systems through the Lens of Computational Science; Computational Health; Computational Methods for Emerging Problems in (Dis-)Information Analysis Part V: Computational Optimization, Modelling and Simulation; Computational Science in IoT and Smart Systems; Computer Graphics, Image Processing and Artificial Intelligence Part VI: Data Driven Computational Sciences; Machine Learning and Data Assimilation for Dynamical Systems; Meshfree Methods in Computational Sciences; Multiscale Modelling and Simulation; Quantum Computing Workshop Part VII: Simulations of Flow and Transport: Modeling, Algorithms and Computation; Smart Systems: Bringing Together Computer Vision, Sensor Networks and Machine Learning; Software Engineering for Computational Science; Solving Problems with Uncertainties; Teaching Computational Science; UNcErtainty QUantIficatiOn for ComputationAl modeLs *The conference was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Artificial Cognitive Architecture with Self Learning and Self Optimization Capabilities

Artificial Cognitive Architecture with Self Learning and Self Optimization Capabilities Book
Author : Gerardo Beruvides
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-14
ISBN : 3030039498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces three key issues: (i) development of a gradient-free method to enable multi-objective self-optimization; (ii) development of a reinforcement learning strategy to carry out self-learning and finally, (iii) experimental evaluation and validation in two micromachining processes (i.e., micro-milling and micro-drilling). The computational architecture (modular, network and reconfigurable for real-time monitoring and control) takes into account the analysis of different types of sensors, processing strategies and methodologies for extracting behavior patterns from representative process’ signals. The reconfiguration capability and portability of this architecture are supported by two major levels: the cognitive level (core) and the executive level (direct data exchange with the process). At the same time, the architecture includes different operating modes that interact with the process to be monitored and/or controlled. The cognitive level includes three fundamental modes such as modeling, optimization and learning, which are necessary for decision-making (in the form of control signals) and for the real-time experimental characterization of complex processes. In the specific case of the micromachining processes, a series of models based on linear regression, nonlinear regression and artificial intelligence techniques were obtained. On the other hand, the executive level has a constant interaction with the process to be monitored and/or controlled. This level receives the configuration and parameterization from the cognitive level to perform the desired monitoring and control tasks.

Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate Observations Modeling and Attribution

Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate  Observations  Modeling and Attribution Book
Author : Xingcai Liu,Pedram Attarod,Zhe Li
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 2889665941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding Hydrological Extremes and their Impact in a Changing Climate Observations Modeling and Attribution book written by Xingcai Liu,Pedram Attarod,Zhe Li, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mathematical Approach to Climate Change and its Impacts

Mathematical Approach to Climate Change and its Impacts Book
Author : Piermarco Cannarsa,Daniela Mansutti,Antonello Provenzale
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-16
ISBN : 3030386694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents important recent applied mathematics research on environmental problems and impacts due to climate change. Although there are inherent difficulties in addressing phenomena that are part of such a complex system, exploration of the subject using mathematical modelling is especially suited to tackling poorly understood issues in the field. It is in this spirit that the book was conceived. It is an outcome of the International INDAM Workshop “Mathematical Approach to Climate Change Impacts – MAC2I”, held in Rome in March 2017. The workshop comprised four sessions, on Ecosystems, Hydrology, Glaciology, and Monitoring. The book includes peer-reviewed contributions on research issues discussed during each of these sessions or generated by collaborations among the specialists involved. Accurate parameter determination techniques are explained and innovative mathematical modelling approaches, presented. The book also provides useful material and mathematical problem-solving tools for doctoral programs dealing with the complexities of climate change.

Atmosphere Weather and Climate

Atmosphere   Weather and Climate Book
Author : Roger G. Barry,Richard J Chorley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2009-10-20
ISBN : 1135267499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive introduction to weather processes and climatic conditions around the world, their observed variability and changes, and projected future trends. Extensively revised and updated, this ninth edition retains its tried and tested structure while incorporating recent advances in the field. From clear explanations of the basic physical and chemical principles of the atmosphere, to descriptions of regional climates and their changes, the book presents a comprehensive coverage of global meteorology and climatology. In this new edition the latest scientific ideas are again expressed in a clear, non-mathematical matter. New features include: extended and updated treatment of atmospheric models final chapter on climate variability and change has been completely rewritten to take account of the IPCC 2007 scientific assessment. new four-colour text design featuring over 30 colour plates over 360 diagrams have been redrawn in full colour to improve clarity and aid understanding. Atmosphere, Weather and Climate continues to be an indispensable source for all those studying the earth’s atmosphere and world climate, whether from environmental and earth sciences, geography, ecology, agriculture, hydrology, or related disciplinary perspectives. Its pedagogic value is enhanced by several features: learning points at the opening of each chapter and discussion topics at their ending, boxes on topical subjects and on twentieth century advances in the field.

Fundamentals of Environmental Studies

Fundamentals of Environmental Studies Book
Author : Mahua Basu,Xavier Savarimuthu, SJ
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-11-08
ISBN : 1316870510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Environmental Studies is taught as a compulsory paper to first-year undergraduate students across major technical universities in India. This book introduces the fundamental principles and concepts of environmental science, ecology and related interdisciplinary subjects, such as policy, law, pollution control, economics and natural resource management. It covers a wide range of topics and issues including biodiversity, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents, nuclear holocaust, disaster management, manipulation of various natural resources including water, land, forests, food and mineral resources, and the problems associated with natural resource management. It also analyzes different types of ecosystems, biochemical cycles and laws of thermodynamics and provides easy-to-understand examples. In addition, the book offers separate chapters on various types of environmental pollution and waste management, including waste water treatment, solid waste management and green management.

Atmosphere Weather and Climate

Atmosphere  Weather and Climate Book
Author : Roger Barry,Richard Chorley,Roger G. Barry,The late Richard Chorley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2004-02-24
ISBN : 1134486545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change Book
Author : USGPO Staff,United States,United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works,Usgpo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global Climate Change book written by USGPO Staff,United States,United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works,Usgpo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Key Methods in Geography

Key Methods in Geography Book
Author : Nicholas Clifford,Gill Valentine
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2003-06-06
ISBN : 9780761974925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.

Understanding Climate Change Its Mitigationa and Adaptation to It

Understanding Climate Change Its Mitigationa and Adaptation to It Book
Author : Fazal Ahmed Khan,Jatin Modi,Ranjit Chavan
Publisher : Partridge Publishing
Release : 2015-01-23
ISBN : 1482843390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ongoing global warming is setting off changes in global climatewhat has come to be known as climate changewith dire consequences on the ecosystem of the earth and on human life, being experienced by the world for over the last many decades in the form of climatic extremes, erratic rainfall, floods, droughts, cyclones, having adverse impact on water resources, agriculture, health, human settlements, biodiversity, loss of glaciers, rise in sea level, ocean acidification, etc. All these have been scientifically established through the Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The causes of this rising threat are mainly indiscriminate human activities of burning of fossil-fuels, deforestation, intensive agriculture, and animal husbandry, industrial emissions, etc., causing continual rise of emissions of greenhouse gases. The general perception is that decision making and action is slow, and the threat is increasing by the day. There is lack of public awareness toward the danger. Since human activities are the cause, it is through modification of human activities that the danger can be averted. The purpose of this book is to explain the whole phenomenon of climate change in easy language and lucid style, for creating public awareness. Aware people can prevail upon the governments and authorities to take up the mitigation and adaptation efforts in right earnest, and also on their part, they can conduct their daily activities with thought of abating the challenge.

Mathematics of Energy and Climate Change

Mathematics of Energy and Climate Change Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Bourguignon,Rolf Jeltsch,Alberto Adrego Pinto,Marcelo Viana
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-07-29
ISBN : 3319161210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this volume is research carried out as part of the program Mathematics of Planet Earth, which provides a platform to showcase the essential role of mathematics in addressing planetary problems and creating a context for mathematicians and applied scientists to foster mathematical and interdisciplinary developments that will be necessary to tackle a myriad of issues and meet future global challenges. Earth is a planet with dynamic processes in its mantle, oceans and atmosphere creating climate, causing natural disasters and influencing fundamental aspects of life and life-supporting systems. In addition to these natural processes, human activity has increased to the point where it influences the global climate, impacts the ability of the planet to feed itself and threatens the stability of these systems. Issues such as climate change, sustainability, man-made disasters, control of diseases and epidemics, management of resources, risk analysis and global integration have come to the fore. Written by specialists in several fields of mathematics and applied sciences, this book presents the proceedings of the International Conference and Advanced School Planet Earth, Mathematics of Energy and Climate Change held in Lisbon, Portugal, in March 2013, which was organized by the International Center of Mathematics (CIM) as a partner institution of the international program Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013. The book presents the state of the art in advanced research and ultimate techniques in modeling natural, economical and social phenomena. It constitutes a tool and a framework for researchers and graduate students, both in mathematics and applied sciences.

Climate Change 2007 The Physical Science Basis

Climate Change 2007   The Physical Science Basis Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group 1, Science,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group I.,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Staff
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-09-10
ISBN : 0521705967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on scientific aspects of climate change for researchers, students, and policymakers.

Fundamental Principles of Environmental Physics

Fundamental Principles of Environmental Physics Book
Author : Abel Rodrigues,Raul Albuquerque Sardinha,Gabriel Pita
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030690253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an interdisciplinary and accessible guide to environmental physics. It allows readers to gain a more complete understanding of physical process and their interaction with ecological ones underpin important environmental issues. The book covers a wide range of topics within environmental physics, including: natural and anthropogenic canopies, including forests, urban or wavy terrains; the fundamentals of heat transfer; atmospheric flow dynamics; global carbon budget; climate change; and the relevance of biochar as a global carbon sink. Including solved exercises, numerous illustrations and tables, as well as an entire chapter focused on applications, book is of interest to researchers, students and industrial engineers alike.