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Materials Under Extreme Conditions

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Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : A. K. Tyagi,S. Banerjee,Department of Electrical Engineering S Banerjee, Dr
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-01
ISBN : 9780128013007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Under Extreme Conditions: Recent Trends and Future Prospects analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of materials exposed to extreme conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, hostile chemical environments, high radiation fields, high vacuum, high magnetic and electric fields, wear and abrasion related to chemical bonding, special crystallographic features, and microstructures. The materials covered in this work encompass oxides, non-oxides, alloys and intermetallics, glasses, and carbon-based materials. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, and condensed matter physics. Describes and analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of a wide range of materials exposed to extreme conditions Brings together information currently scattered across the Internet or incoherently dispersed amongst journals and proceedings Presents chapters on phenomena, materials synthesis, and processing, characterization and properties, and applications Written by established researchers in the field

Computational Approaches for Chemistry Under Extreme Conditions

Computational Approaches for Chemistry Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Nir Goldman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-18
ISBN : 3030056007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recently developed computational approaches for the study of reactive materials under extreme physical and thermodynamic conditions. It delves into cutting edge developments in simulation methods for reactive materials, including quantum calculations spanning nanometer length scales and picosecond timescales, to reactive force fields, coarse-grained approaches, and machine learning methods spanning microns and nanoseconds and beyond. These methods are discussed in the context of a broad range of fields, including prebiotic chemistry in impacting comets, studies of planetary interiors, high pressure synthesis of new compounds, and detonations of energetic materials. The book presents a pedagogical approach for these state-of-the-art approaches, compiled into a single source for the first time. Ultimately, the volume aims to make valuable research tools accessible to experimentalists and theoreticians alike for any number of scientific efforts, spanning many different types of compounds and reactive conditions.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : G. Kostorz,Igorʹ Vasilʹevich Gorynin,Viktor Ivanovich Trefilov,European Materials Research Society. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by G. Kostorz,Igorʹ Vasilʹevich Gorynin,Viktor Ivanovich Trefilov,European Materials Research Society. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Correlations in Condensed Matter under Extreme Conditions

Correlations in Condensed Matter under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : G. G. N. Angilella,Antonino La Magna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-30
ISBN : 3319536648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a wide range of topics relating to the properties and behavior of condensed matter under extreme conditions such as intense magnetic and electric fields, high pressures, heat and cold, and mechanical stresses. It is divided into four sections devoted to condensed matter theory, molecular chemistry, theoretical physics, and the philosophy and history of science. The main themes include electronic correlations in material systems under extreme pressure and temperature conditions, surface physics, the transport properties of low-dimensional electronic systems, applications of the density functional theory in molecular systems, and graphene. The book is the outcome of a workshop held at the University of Catania, Italy, in honor of Professor Renato Pucci on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It includes selected invited contributions from collaborators and co-authors of Professor Pucci during his long and successful career, as well as from other distinguished guest authors.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions and Nanophase Materials

Materials Under Extreme Conditions and Nanophase Materials Book
Author : G. Kostorz
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contents of the Symposium B on Materials under Extreme Conditions cover a variety of extremes, in particular high rates of deformation, low temperatures, high temperatures, high pressure, thermal shock, high currents, corrosion and wear, surface processing, and high purity. The subjects are arranged in the following sequence: mechanical properties of metallic and ceramic materials under various extreme conditions, wear, surface properties and processing, internal stresses and high pressure and high purity. The Symposium C on Nanophase Materials dealt primarily with the preparation methods and physical/chemical properties of ultrafine grained polycrystalline materials and was particularly concerned with the relationship between manufacturing conditions and properties of these nanophase materials. The subjects covered include ultrafine particle synthesis, consolidation and properties of nanophase metals, nanoceramics and nanocomposites.

Structure and Properties of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Structure and Properties of Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Gregory Stephen Moody
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Structure and Properties of Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by Gregory Stephen Moody, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energetic Materials at Extreme Conditions

Energetic Materials at Extreme Conditions Book
Author : David I a Millar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-01
ISBN : 9783662521137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nominated for a Springer prize, this thesis explores the effects of extreme conditions on energetic materials and characterises new polymorphs obtained at high pressures and/or temperatures. It includes a superb analysis of future research opportunities.

Ab Initio Simulation of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Ab Initio Simulation of Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of materials properties under extreme conditions has made considerable progress over the past decade due to both improvements in experimental techniques and advanced modeling methods. The availability of accurate models is crucial in order to analyze experimental results obtained in extreme conditions of pressure and temperature where experimental data can be scarce. Among theoretical models, ab initio simulations are playing an increasingly important role due to their ability to predict materials properties without the need for any experimental input. Ab initio simulations also allow for an exploration of materials properties in conditions that are unachievable using controlled experiments--such as e.g. the conditions prevailing in the core of large planets. In that limit, they constitute the only quantitative model of condensed matter available today. In this article, we review the current status of ab initio simulations and discuss examples of recent applications in which numerical simulations have provided an essential complement to experimental data.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : A.K. Tyagi,S. Banerjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 0128014423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Under Extreme Conditions: Recent Trends and Future Prospects analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of materials exposed to extreme conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, hostile chemical environments, high radiation fields, high vacuum, high magnetic and electric fields, wear and abrasion related to chemical bonding, special crystallographic features, and microstructures. The materials covered in this work encompass oxides, non-oxides, alloys and intermetallics, glasses, and carbon-based materials. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, and condensed matter physics. Describes and analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of a wide range of materials exposed to extreme conditions Brings together information currently scattered across the Internet or incoherently dispersed amongst journals and proceedings Presents chapters on phenomena, materials synthesis, and processing, characterization and properties, and applications Written by established researchers in the field

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Molecular Crystals At High Pressure

Materials Under Extreme Conditions  Molecular Crystals At High Pressure Book
Author : Vincenzo Schettino,Roberto Bini
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 1783264314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials.Besides the fundamental importance of these studies to understand the composition and the dynamics of heart and planets' interior, new materials possessing peculiar characteristics of hardness and composition have been synthesized at very high pressure, while unexpected chemical reactions of simple molecules to polymers and amorphous compounds have been found at milder conditions.The variety of the phenomena observed in these extreme conditions and of the materials involved provides a common ground bridging scientific communities with different cultural and experimental backgrounds. This monograph will provide a timely opportunity to report on recent progress in the field.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Roberto Bini,Vincenzo Schettino
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781848163058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials.Besides the fundamental importance of these studies to understand the composition and the dynamics of heart and planets' interior, new materials possessing peculiar characteristics of hardness and composition have been synthesized at very high pressure, while unexpected chemical reactions of simple molecules to polymers and amorphous compounds have been found at milder conditions.The variety of the phenomena observed in these extreme conditions and of the materials involved provides a common ground bridging scientific communities with different cultural and experimental backgrounds. This monograph will provide a timely opportunity to report on recent progress in the field.

Studying Bonding and Electronic Structures of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Studying Bonding and Electronic Structures of Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Stanford University
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in high pressure diamond anvil cell techniques and synchrotron radiation characterization methods have enabled investigation of a wide range of materials properties in-situ under extreme conditions. High pressure studies have made significant contribution to our understanding in a number of scientific fields, e.g. condensed matter physics, chemistry, Earth and planetary sciences, and material sciences. Pressure, as a fundamental thermodynamic variable, can induce changes in the electronic and structural configuration of a material, which in turn can dramatically alter its properties. The novel phases and new compounds existing at high pressure have improved our basic understanding of bonding and interactions in condensed matter. This dissertation focuses on how pressure affects materials' bonding and electronic structures in two types of systems: hydrogen rich molecular compounds and strongly correlated transition metal oxides. The interaction of boranes and hydrogen was studied using optical microscopy and Raman spectroscopy and their hydrogen storage potential is discussed in the context of practical applications. The pressure-induced behavior of the SiH4 + H2 binary system and the formation of a newly formed compound SiH4(H2)2 were investigated using a combination of optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. The experimental work along with DFT calculations on the electronic properties of the compound up to the possible metallization pressure, indicated that there are strong intermolecular interactions between SiH4 and H2 in the condensed phase. By using a newly developed synchrotron x-ray spectroscopy technique, we were able to follow the evolution of the 3d band of a 3d transition metal oxide, Fe2O3 under pressure, which experiences a series of structural, electronic and spin transitions at approximately 50 GPa. Together with theoretical calculations we revisited its electronic phase transition mechanism, and found that the electronic transitions are reflected in the pre-edge region.

Materials Physics Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Physics Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Physics Under Extreme Conditions book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : G Kostorz,Gorynin, I,Trefilov, V
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by G Kostorz,Gorynin, I,Trefilov, V, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Papers Presented at the EMRS 1992 Fall Meeting Symposium B Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Papers Presented at the EMRS 1992 Fall Meeting  Symposium B  Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Symposium Materials Under Extreme Conditions (1992, Strasbourg),European Materials Research Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Papers Presented at the EMRS 1992 Fall Meeting Symposium B Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by Symposium Materials Under Extreme Conditions (1992, Strasbourg),European Materials Research Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanostructured Carbon Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Nanostructured Carbon Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9789174399417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanostructured Carbon Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Atomistic Modeling of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Atomistic Modeling of Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9789175951928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Atomistic Modeling of Materials Under Extreme Conditions book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Numerical Modeling of Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Numerical Modeling of Materials Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Nicola Bonora,Eric Brown
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-09
ISBN : 3642542581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents twelve state of the art contributions in the field of numerical modeling of materials subjected to large strain, high strain rates, large pressure and high stress triaxialities, organized into two sections. The first part is focused on high strain rate-high pressures such as those occurring in impact dynamics and shock compression related phenomena, dealing with material response identification, advanced modeling incorporating microstructure and damage, stress waves propagation in solids and structures response under impact. The latter part is focused on large strain-low strain rates applications such as those occurring in technological material processing, dealing with microstructure and texture evolution, material response at elevated temperatures, structural behavior under large strain and multi axial state of stress.

Materials Degradation and Fatigue Under Extreme Conditions

Materials Degradation and Fatigue Under Extreme Conditions Book
Author : Jiri Jonas,Illinois univ champaign
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This AFOSR URI addressed complex research problems of materials degradation and fatigue in aerospace structures in severe or extreme environments. A better understanding of materials degradation and flaw initiation dynamics was achieved through a multi-disciplinary research program encompassing chemistry, surface physics, materials science and mechanics, both experimental and theoretical. The Subprojects were as follows: (1) Surface Induced Degradation of Fluorocarbon Lubricants; (2) Molecular Tribology of Perfluoroether Lubricants; (3) Fluids, Including Lubricants Under Extreme Conditions of High Pressure/High Temperature and Confinement; (4) Surface Crack Propagation Under Combined Mechanical and High Pressure Fluid Loading; and (5) Lubricant Assisted Fatigue Crack Growth in Ceramics.

Chemistry Under Extreme and Non Classical Conditions

Chemistry Under Extreme and Non Classical Conditions Book
Author : Rudi van Eldik,Colin D. Hubbard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1996-12-06
ISBN : 9780471165613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The very best and latest advances compiled in a single volume-an ideal resource for graduate students and researchers . . . Here is the perfect introduction to chemistry under extreme or non-classical conditions, including use of high temperature species, high pressure, supercritical media, sonochemistry, and microwave chemistry. Written by leading experts in their respective fields, this unique text applies a unified approach to each method, including background, instrumentation, examples, information on industrial applications (where relevant), and sources for further reading. Featured topics: * Chemical Synthesis Using High Temperature Species * Effect of Pressure on Inorganic Reactions * Effect of Pressure on Organic Reactions * Organic Synthesis at High Pressure * Inorganic and Related Chemical Reactions in Supercritical Fluids * Organic Chemistry in Supercritical Fluids * Industrial and Environmental Applications of Supercritical Fluids * Ultrasound as a New Tool for Synthetic Chemists * Applications of High Intensity Ultrasound in Polymer Chemistry * Chemistry Under Extreme Conditions in Water Induced Electrohydraulic Cavitation and Pulsed-Plasma Discharges * Microwave Dielectric Heating Effects in Chemical Synthesis * Biomolecules Under Extreme Conditions