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The Tantalum Isotope Inventory of Terrestrial and Early Solar System Materials

The Tantalum Isotope Inventory of Terrestrial and Early Solar System Materials Book
Author : Markus Pfeifer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download The Tantalum Isotope Inventory of Terrestrial and Early Solar System Materials book written by Markus Pfeifer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Deformation of Synthetic Early Solar System Materials

Deformation of Synthetic Early Solar System Materials Book
Author : Nathan Jeffrey Groebner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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NanoSIMS and Beyond

NanoSIMS and Beyond Book
Author : Jemma Davidson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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The Lu Hf Isotope Systematics of Early Solar System Materials

The Lu Hf Isotope Systematics of Early Solar System Materials Book
Author : Rebecca Bast
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download The Lu Hf Isotope Systematics of Early Solar System Materials book written by Rebecca Bast, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cosmochemistry

Cosmochemistry Book
Author : Harry Y. McSween, Jr,Gary R. Huss
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-04-29
ISBN : 1139489461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How did the Solar System's chemical composition evolve? This textbook provides the answers in the first interdisciplinary introduction to cosmochemistry. It makes this exciting and evolving field accessible to undergraduate and graduate students from a range of backgrounds, including geology, chemistry, astronomy and physics. The authors - two established leaders who have pioneered developments in the field - provide a complete background to cosmochemical processes and discoveries, enabling students outside geochemistry to understand and explore the Solar System's composition. Topics covered include: - synthesis of nuclides in stars - partitioning of elements between solids, liquids and gas in the solar nebula - overviews of the chemistry of extraterrestrial materials - isotopic tools used to investigate processes such as planet accretion and element fractionation - chronology of the early Solar System - geochemical exploration of planets Boxes provide basic definitions and mini-courses in mineralogy, organic chemistry, and other essential background information for students. Review questions and additional reading for each chapter encourage students to explore cosmochemistry further.

Meteorites and the Early Solar System II

Meteorites and the Early Solar System II Book
Author : Dante S. Lauretta,Harry Y. McSween
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780816525621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

They range in size from microscopic particles to masses of many tons. The geologic diversity of asteroids and other rocky bodies of the solar system are displayed in the enormous variety of textures and mineralogies observed in meteorites. The composition, chemistry, and mineralogy of primitive meteorites collectively provide evidence for a wide variety of chemical and physical processes. This book synthesizes our current understanding of the early solar system, summarizing information about processes that occurred before its formation. It will be valuable as a textbook for graduate education in planetary science and as a reference for meteoriticists and researchers in allied fields worldwide.

Oxygen in the Solar System

Oxygen in the Solar System Book
Author : Glenn J. MacPherson
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1501508504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 68 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry reviews Oxygen in the Solar System, an element that is so critically important in so many ways to planetary science. The book is based on three open workshops: Oxygen in the Terrestrial Planets, held in Santa Fe, NM July 20-23, 2004; Oxygen in Asteroids and Meteorites, held in Flagstaff, AZ June 2-3, 2005; and Oxygen in Earliest Solar System Materials and Processes (and including the outer planets and comets), held in Gatlinburg, TN September 19-22, 2005. As a consequence of the cross-cutting approach, the final book spans a wide range of fields relating to oxygen, from the stellar nucleosynthesis of oxygen, to its occurrence in the interstellar medium, to the oxidation and isotopic record preserved in 4.56 Ga grains formed at the Solar System's birth, to its abundance and speciation in planets large and small, to its role in the petrologic and physical evolution of the terrestrial planets. Contents: Introduction Oxygen isotopes in the early Solar System - A historical perspective Abundance, notation, and fractionation of light stable isotopes Nucleosynthesis and chemical evolution of oxygen Oxygen in the interstellar medium Oxygen in the Sun Redox conditions in the solar nebula: observational, experimental, and theoretical constraints Oxygen isotopes of chondritic components Mass-independent oxygen isotope variation in the solar nebula Oxygen and other volatiles in the giant planets and their satellites Oxygen in comets and interplanetary dust particles Oxygen and asteroids Oxygen isotopes in asteroidal materials Oxygen isotopic composition and chemical correlations in meteorites and the terrestrial planets Record of low-temperature alteration in asteroids The oxygen cycle of the terrestrial planets: insights into the processing and history of oxygen in surface environments Redox conditions on small bodies, the Moon and Mars Terrestrial oxygen isotope variations and their implications for planetary lithospheres Basalts as probes of planetary interior redox state Rheological consequences of redox state

The Genesis Mission

The Genesis Mission Book
Author : C.T. Russell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-27
ISBN : 940100241X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NASA's Genesis mission, launched on August 8, 2001 is the fifth mission in the Discovery series. Genesis addresses questions about the materials and processes involved in the origin of the solar system by providing precise knowledge of solar isotopic and elemental compositions for comparison with the compositions of meteoritic and planetary materials. This book describes the Genesis mission, the solar wind collector materials, the solar wind concentrator and simulations of its performance, the plasma ion and electron instruments, and the way these two instruments are used to determine the solar wind flow regime on board the spacecraft. The book is of interest to all potential users of the data returned by the Genesis mission, to those studying the isotopic and chemical composition of the early solar system whose work will be influenced by the measurements made by Genesis and by all those interested in the design and implementation of space instruments to study space plasmas.

Origin and Early Evolution of Comet Nuclei

Origin and Early Evolution of Comet Nuclei Book
Author : Hans Balsiger,Kathrin Altwegg,Walter Huebner,T. Owen,Rita Schulz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-27
ISBN : 038785455X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comet nuclei are the most primitive bodies in the solar system. They have been created far away from the early Sun and it is supposed that their material has been altered the least since their formation. This volume presents the results of a scientific workshop on comet nuclei and is written by experts working on interstellar clouds, star-forming regions, the solar nebula, and comets. The articles formulate the current understanding and interconnectivity of the various source regions of comet nuclei and their associated compositions and orbital characteristics. This includes a discussion on the transport of materials into the Kuiper belt and Oort cloud regions of the solar system. The distinction between direct measurements of cometary material properties and properties derived from indirect means are emphasized with the aim to guide future investigations. This book serves as a guide for researchers and graduate students working in the field of planetology and solar system exploration. It should also help to influence the planning of scientific strategies for the encounter of the Rosetta spacecraft with Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

Stardust in Primitive Astromaterials

Stardust in Primitive Astromaterials Book
Author : Pierre Haenecour
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mixed within the fine-grained material of primitive astromaterials (e.g., meteorites, micrometeorites (MMs) and interplanetary dust particles (IDPs)) are tiny presolar grains, which are remnants of the original material from which the Solar System formed. These presolar grains are (sub-)micrometer-size carbonaceous (e.g., nanodiamonds, SiC, graphites) and oxygen-rich (e.g., oxides, silicates) condensates that formed in circumstellar envelopes or in the ejecta of stellar explosions. The study of presolar grains opened a new field in astronomy, astrophysics and cosmochemistry, allowing the direct in situ study of individual stars and providing ground-truth information on stellar evolution, nucleosynthesis of the elements, and grain condensation in circumstellar envelopes, as well as on the secondary processing of fine-grained material in the solar nebula and on their parent-body asteroids. In this dissertation, I focus on combining the identification and characterization of presolar grains in the most primitive carbonaceous chondrites and fine-grained Antarctic MMs with coordinated in-situ chemical and structural analyses of fine-grained materials in these same samples. In Chapter 1, I introduce the research objectives of the dissertation and provide some basic information on the classification, composition and formation model(s) of unequilibrated extraterrestrial material, in particular primitive meteorites and micrometeorites. I also briefly introduce each of the main types of presolar grains. While each chapter includes a sample and methods section, I also provide here a general description of all the samples and experimental methods used in this dissertation. Chapter 2 provides a detailed review of the isotopic and elemental compositions, mineralogies, and abundances of presolar silicate grains in meteorites, micrometeorites and interplanetary dust particles. In Chapters 3 and 4, I focus on the compositions of the building blocks of our Solar System and their origin(s) in presolar circumstellar environments or stellar ejecta. In Chapter 3, I report the discovery of two supernova silica (SiO2) grains in the carbonaceous chondrites LAP 031117 (CO3.0) and GRV 021710 (CR2). The two grains are characterized by moderate enrichments in 18O relative to solar, indicating that they originated in core collapse (Type II) supernovae, providing definitive evidence of the condensation of silica dust in supernova ejecta. In Chapter 4, I report on the identification of two unique presolar graphite grains. One of the grains (LAP-141) is characterized by an enrichment in 12C and depletions in 33,34S, and contains a small iron sulfide subgrain, representing the first unambiguous identification of presolar iron sulfide. The other grain (LAP-149) is extremely 13C-rich and 15N-poor (12C/13C = 1.41 ± 0.01 and 14N/15N = 941 ± 81). Comparison of its isotopic compositions (C, N, Si & S) with new stellar nucleosynthesis and dust condensation models indicates an origin in the ejecta of a 0.6M CO nova and it is the first putative nova grain that quantatively best matches the predictions from nova models, providing the first strong evidence that graphite grains condense in nova ejecta. In Chapters 5 and 6, I investigate the accretion and secondary processing of fine-grained material in the early Solar System history. In Chapter 5, I compare presolar grain abundances, elemental compositions, and mineralogies in the matrix and individual fine-grained chondrule rims (FGRs) of the unequilibrated ('primitive') CO3.0 chondrites LAP 031117, ALHA77307 and DOM 08006. This study shows systematically lower abundances of presolar silicate-oxide grains in the FGRs than in the matrix of CO3.0 chondrites, likely reflecting pre-accretionary aqueous alteration of the rims in the solar nebula. In addition to the systematic differences in O-anomalous grain abundances, uniform porosity in both matrix and FGRs, and the identification of a composite FGR (a small rimmed chondrule within a larger FGR), provide strong evidence for a nebular origin of the FGRs in CO3 chondrites by dust accretion onto freely floating chondrules in the solar nebula, before assembly into their parent bodies. In Chapter 6, I examine the presolar grain abundances and distribution of supernova grains in fine-grained micrometeorites (MMs). This study shows that O- and C-anomalous grain abundances in MMs are similar to those in primitive meteorites, but are significantly lower than abundances observed in primitive IDPs. The data also show a higher proportion of 18O-rich oxide and silicate grains (Group 4) and extremely 13C-rich SiC grains (12C/13C ≤ 10) in micrometeorites (27 ± 6% and 16 ± 8%, respectively) than in chondrites (~10% and

                      Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials Book
Author : Thomas J. Bernatowicz,Ernst K. Zinner
Publisher : A I P Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Contains revised papers from a fall 1996 conference, in sections on the microanalytical study of presolar material from meteorites, theory of nucleosynthesis and stellar evolution, isotopic composition of the galaxy, mixing and grain formation in supernova ejecta, grain formation around stars, the interstellar medium and molecular clouds, presolar cloud collapse and formation of the solar nebula, and survival of presolar grains. Contributors come from related fields of meteoritics, materials science, observational astronomy, and theoretical astrophysics. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Exploring the Trans Neptunian Solar System

Exploring the Trans Neptunian Solar System Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1998-04-29
ISBN : 9780309174121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last decade, our knowledge of the outer solar system has been transformed as a result of the Voyager 2 encounter with Neptune and its satellite Triton and from Earth-based observations of the Pluto-Charon system. However, the planetary system does not simply end at the distance of Pluto and Neptune. In the past few years, dozens of bodies have been discovered in near-circular, low inclination orbits near or beyond the orbit of Neptune. These bodies are now believed to be directly related to each other and to Pluto, Charon, and Triton, and as a class they define and occupy the inner boundary of a hitherto unexplored component of the solar system, the trans-neptunian region. Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System reviews current understanding of the trans-neptunian solar system and makes recommendations for the future exploration of this distant realm.

Earth s Oldest Rocks

Earth s Oldest Rocks Book
Author : Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-26
ISBN : 9780080552477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

Natural Quasicrystals

Natural Quasicrystals Book
Author : Luca Bindi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-20
ISBN : 3030456773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the discovery of quasicrystals (icosahedral and decagonal) in an extraterrestrial rock from the Koryak Mountains of Far Eastern Russia. After a decade-long search for a natural quasicrystal, this discovery opened a new avenue in mineralogy and crystallography that could lead to further discoveries in geoscience, astronomy, condensed matter physics, and materials engineering. For the first time, minerals have been discovered that violate the symmetry restrictions of conventional crystallography. The natural occurrence of such crystals was unexpected, involving previously unknown processes. The fact that the quasicrystals were found in a meteorite formed in the earliest moments of the solar system means these processes have been active for over 4.5 billion years and have influenced the composition of the first objects to condense around the Sun. Finding quasicrystals formed in these extreme environments also informed the longstanding debate concerning the stability and robustness of quasicrystals. Recent shock experiments lend support to the hypothesis that the extraterrestrial quasicrystals formed as a result of hypervelocity impacts between objects in the early Solar system, and that they are probably less rare in the Milky Way.

Encyclopedia of the Solar System

Encyclopedia of the Solar System Book
Author : Lucy-Ann McFadden,Torrence Johnson,Paul Weissman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-18
ISBN : 9780080474984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long before Galileo published his discoveries about Jupiter, lunar craters, and the Milky Way in the Starry Messenger in 1610, people were fascinated with the planets and stars around them. That interest continues today, and scientists are making new discoveries at an astounding rate. Ancient lake beds on Mars, robotic spacecraft missions, and new definitions of planets now dominate the news. How can you take it all in? Start with the new Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Second Edition. This self-contained reference follows the trail blazed by the bestselling first edition. It provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—and has jumped light years ahead in terms of new information and visual impact. Offering more than 50% new material, the Encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of new color digital images and illustrations, and more than 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. · Forty-seven chapters from 75+ eminent authors review fundamental topics as well as new models, theories, and discussions · Each entry is detailed and scientifically rigorous, yet accessible to undergraduate students and amateur astronomers · More than 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories amplify the chapters · Thematic chapters provide up-to-date coverage, including a discussion on the new International Astronomical Union (IAU) vote on the definition of a planet · Information is easily accessible with numerous cross-references and a full glossary and index

Astrobiology

Astrobiology Book
Author : Charles S. Cockell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-09
ISBN : 1119550300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to understanding the formation of life in the Universe The revised and updated second edition of Astrobiology offers an introductory text that explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements required for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth, and the habitability of other planets. Written by a noted expert on the topic, the book examines many of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology, which cover a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics, and astronomy. The book explores many profound questions such as: How did life originate on Earth? How has life persisted on Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology is centered on investigating the past and future of life on Earth by looking beyond Earth to get the answers. Astrobiology links the diverse scientific fields needed to understand life on our own planet and, potentially, life beyond. This new second edition: Expands on information about the nature of astrobiology and why it is useful Contains a new chapter “What is Life?” that explores the history of attempts to understand life Contains 20% more material on the astrobiology of Mars, icy moons, the structure of life, and the habitability of planets New ‘Discussion Boxes’ to stimulate debate and thought about key questions in astrobiology New review and reflection questions for each chapter to aid learning New boxes describing the careers of astrobiologists and how they got into the subject Offers revised and updated information throughout to reflect the latest advances in the field Written for students of life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, the updated edition of Astrobiology is an essential introductory text that includes recent advances to this dynamic field.

An Introduction to the Solar System

An Introduction to the Solar System Book
Author : David A. Rothery,Neil McBride,Iain Gilmour
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-01-11
ISBN : 1108356427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ongoing advances in Solar System exploration continue to reveal its splendour and diversity in remarkable detail. This undergraduate-level textbook presents fascinating descriptions and colour images of the bodies in the Solar System, the processes that occur upon and within them, and their origins and evolution. It highlights important concepts and techniques in boxed summaries, while questions and exercises are embedded at appropriate points throughout the text, with full solutions provided. Written and edited by a team of practising planetary scientists, this third edition has been updated to reflect our current knowledge. It is ideal for introductory courses on the subject, and is suitable for self-study. The text is supported by online resources, hosted at www.cambridge.org/solarsystem3, which include selected figures from the book, self-assessment questions and sample tutor assignments, with outlines of suggested answers.

Saturn from Cassini Huygens

Saturn from Cassini Huygens Book
Author : Michele Dougherty,Larry Esposito,Stamatios Krimigis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-30
ISBN : 1402092172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is one of two volumes meant to capture, to the extent practical, the scienti?c legacy of the Cassini-Huygens prime mission, a landmark in the history of planetary exploration. As the most ambitious and interdisciplinary planetary exploration mission ?own to date, it has extended our knowledge of the Saturn system to levels of detail at least an order of magnitude beyond that gained from all previous missions to Saturn. Nestled in the brilliant light of the new and deep understanding of the Saturn planetary system is the shiny nugget that is the spectacularly successful collaboration of individuals, - ganizations and governments in the achievement of Cassini-Huygens. In some ways the pa- nershipsformedandlessonslearnedmaybethemost enduringlegacyofCassini-Huygens.The broad, international coalition that is Cassini-Huygens is now conducting the Cassini Equinox Mission and planning the Cassini Solstice Mission, and in a major expansion of those fruitful efforts, has extended the collaboration to the study of new ?agship missions to both Jupiter and Saturn. Such ventures have and will continue to enrich us all, and evoke a very optimistic vision of the future of international collaboration in planetary exploration. The two volumes in the series Saturn from Cassini-Huygens and Titan from Cassini- Huygens are the direct products of the efforts of over 200 authors and co-authors. Though each book has a different set of three editors, the group of six editors for the two volumes has worked together through every step of the process to ensure that these two volumes are a set.