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Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation  NDE  Methods Book
Author : Gerhard Huebschen,Iris Altpeter,Ralf Tschuncky,Hans-Georg Herrmann
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 008100057X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials

Nondestructive Methods for Materials Characterization

Nondestructive Methods for Materials Characterization  Book
Author : George Y. Baaklini,Norbert Meyendorf,Theodore E. Matikas,Robert S. Gilmore
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 9781107413337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of material properties is critical for understanding the material's mechanical behavior and design performance under its operating conditions. The necessity to characterize materials for a myriad of applications has spurred the development of many new methods and instruments. However, many of these tools require destructive sectioning of the material to provide characterization and do not provide key information about material parameters in their operating environments. An ideal characterization tool would provide data about the material properties that affect micro- and macro-structural behavior without the need to destructively section the sample. Such data can only be obtained using nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methodologies; therefore NDE is essential for almost any advanced industrial product. NDE offers the possibility to determine/gauge material parameters and defects at nearly any point, line, surface or volume element of interest. This book brings together researchers to focus and report on multidisciplinary approaches to solving materials characterization problems. Topics include: process control and deformation behavior via X-ray techniques; NDE for fracture, fatigue and corrosion; electric and dielectric NDE; structure-sensitive properties for NDE characterization; NDE for silicon wafers and thin films and optical and infrared techniques.

Chemistry of Nanomaterials

Chemistry of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Tahir Iqbal Awan,Almas Bashir,Aqsa Tehseen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-16
ISBN : 0128189096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry of Nanomaterials: Fundamentals and Applications provides a foundational introduction to this chemistry. Beginning with an introduction to the field of nanoscience and technology, the book goes on to outline a whole range of important effects, interactions and properties. Tools used to assess such properties are discussed, followed by chapters putting this fundamental knowledge in context by providing examples of nanomaterials and their applications in the real world. Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, this book is an accessible introduction to the interactions at play in nanomaterials for both upper-level students and researchers. Highlights the foundational chemical interactions at play in nanomaterials Provides accessible insight for readers across multidisciplinary fields Places nanomaterial chemistry in the context of the broader field of nanoscale research

Nondestructive Testing in Composite Materials

Nondestructive Testing in Composite Materials Book
Author : Carosena Meola
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 3039437313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this era of technological progress and given the need for welfare and safety, everything that is manufactured and maintained must comply with such needs. We would all like to live in a safe house that will not collapse on us. We would all like to walk on a safe road and never see a chasm open in front of us. We would all like to cross a bridge and reach the other side safely. We all would like to feel safe and secure when taking a plane, ship, train, or using any equipment. All this may be possible with the adoption of adequate manufacturing processes, with non-destructive inspection of final parts and monitoring during the in-service life of components. Above all, maintenance should be imperative. This requires effective non-destructive testing techniques and procedures. This Special Issue is a collection of some of the latest research in these areas, aiming to highlight new ideas and ways to deal with challenging issues worldwide. Different types of materials and structures are considered, different non-destructive testing techniques are employed with new approaches for data treatment proposed as well as numerical simulations. This can serve as food for thought for the community involved in the inspection of materials and structures as well as condition monitoring.

Residual Stresses 2018

Residual Stresses 2018 Book
Author : Marc Seefeldt
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 1945291893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The European Conference on Residual Stresses (ECRS) series is the leading European forum for scientific exchange on internal and residual stresses in materials. It addresses both academic and industrial experts and covers a broad gamut of stress-related topics from instrumentation via experimental and modelling methodology up to stress problems in specific processes such as welding or shot-peening, and their impact on materials properties. Chapters: Diffraction Methods; Mechanical Relaxation Methods; Acoustic and Electromagnetic Methods; Composites, Nano and Microstructures; Films, Coatings and Oxides; Cold Working and Machining; Heat Treatments and Phase Transformations; Welding, Fatigue and Fracture: Stresses in Additive Manufacturing.

Biological Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Their Applications

Biological Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Their Applications Book
Author : L Karthik,A. Vishnu Kirthi,Shivendu Ranjan,V. Mohana Srinivasan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-06
ISBN : 0429555784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Their Applications gives insight into the synthesis of nanoparticles utilizing the natural routes. It demonstrates various strategies for the synthesis of nanoparticles utilizing plants, microscopic organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae and so forth. It orchestrates interdisciplinary hypothesis, ideas, definitions, models and discoveries associated with complex cell of the prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Highlights: Discusses biological approach towards the nanoparticle synthesis Describes the role of nanotechnology in the field of medicine and its medical devices Covers application and usage of the chemicals at the molecular level to act as catalysts and binding products for both organic and inorganic Chemical Reactions Reviews application in physics such as solar cells, photovoltaics and other usage Microorganisms can aggregate and detoxify substantial metals because of different reductase enzymes, which can diminish metal salts to metal nanoparticles. The readers after going through this book will have detailed account of mechanism of bio-synthesis of nanoparticles.

Green Nanomaterials

Green Nanomaterials Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Wazed Ali
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-16
ISBN : 9811535604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises a collection of chapters on advances in green nanomaterials. The book looks at ways to establish long‐term safe and sustainable forms of nanotechnology through implementation of nanoparticle biosynthesis with minimum impact on the ecosystem. The book looks at synthesis, processing, and applications of metal and metal oxide nanomaterials and also at bio-nanomaterials. The contents of this book will prove useful for researchers and professionals working in the field of nanomaterials and green technology.

Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation IV

Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation  IV  Book
Author : Satish S. Udpa
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781586030230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A description of the state of the art in electromagnetic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques. Topics covered range from magnetostatic to eddy current and microwave NDE methods. Advances in materials characterization, forward/simulation models, sensor design and inverse methodologies are discussed. The book also includes contributions on benchmark problems and solutions.

Omega 3 Delivery Systems

Omega 3 Delivery Systems Book
Author : Pedro J. García-Moreno,Charlotte Jacobsen,Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen,Betül Yesiltas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-25
ISBN : 0128230274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Omega-3 Delivery Systems: Production, Physical Characterization and Oxidative Stability offers the most recent updates for developing, characterizing, and stabilizing both traditional and novel omega-3 delivery systems, including their final incorporation into food matrices and physicochemical changes during digestion. The book brings chapters on novel omega-3 delivery systems (e.g., high-fat emulsions, Pickering emulsions, electrosprayed capsules, and solid lipid nanoparticles), the application of advanced techniques to evaluate physical and oxidative stabilities (e.g., SAXS, SANS, ESR, and super-resolution fluorescence microscopy), and new developments of food enrichment and physicochemical changes during digestion. The book provides a unique multidisciplinary and multisectoral approach, i.e., featuring authors from industry and academy. Long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) present numerous health benefits; however, the consumption of natural products rich in omega-3 PUFA (e.g., fish, krill, and algae) is not enough to reach the daily-recommended values. Therefore, the food industry is highly interested in producing omega-3 fortified foods. Brings a holistic approach of omega-3 delivery systems, bringing scientific understanding on production, physical characterization, and oxidative stability Covers key aspects to develop, characterize, and use omega-3 delivery systems for food enrichment, considering physicochemical changes occurring during digestion Serves as an interface between lipid oxidation and colloids chemistry, encapsulation techniques, soft matter physics, food development, and nutrients bioavailability

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Saju Daniel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 0081019041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have recently become a formidable research area due to their amendable properties and potential applications. The distinct properties of LDH polymer nanocomposites include a wide range of chemical compositions, structural homogeneity, unique anion exchanging ability, easy synthesis, high bound water content, memory effect, non-toxicity and biocompatibility. This means that LDH polymer nanocomposites have the potential for new and innovative applications. Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites presents a comprehensive overview of the recent innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. As well as covering fundamental structural and chemical knowledge, this book also explores various properties and characterization techniques including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. There is also a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as energy, electrical and electronic, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and their future applications. This book will be an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Extensive review on cutting-edge research for potential future applications, in a variety of industries

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Deepak Rawtani,Gaurav Pandey,Maithri Tharmavaram
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 0128223014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples: Current and Emerging Developments discusses in detail the current trends and latest analytical techniques and methods commonly employed in forensic analysis in order to ensure the proper facilitation of justice. This book is useful for readers who wish to stay updated on the latest trends in the forensic analysis of samples encountered at crime scenes. Technological advancements, such as biosensors, nanotechnology, and taggant technology have upped the level of analysis in forensic science. These emergent technologies, incorporated with existing analytical techniques, are leading to more precise, accurate, and specific examination of forensic samples. Lab-on-a-chip technology has also eased several kinds of on-site analyses done by investigating teams at different types of crime scenes. This book covers the evolution of forensic sample analysis as well as these emerging trends and new technologies. Includes an entire section of experimental exercises for self-teaching and key concept review Covers laboratory protocols used in forensic science laboratories for the analysis of various samples through different analytical techniques Condenses the many aspects of forensic analytical chemistry into a single resource with easy-to-understand language for everyone from students to practitioners

Nano Bioremediation Fundamentals and Applications

Nano Bioremediation  Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Hafiz M.N. Iqbal,Muhammad Bilal,Tuan Anh Nguyen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 0128241683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano-Bioremediation: Fundamentals and Applications explores how nano-bioremediation is used to remedy environmental pollutants. The book's chapters focus on the design, fabrication and application of advanced nanomaterials and their integration with biotechnological processes for the monitoring and treatment of pollutants in environmental matrices. It is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and environmental scientists who are looking to increase their understanding of bioremediation at the nanoscale. The mitigation of environmental pollution is the biggest challenge to researchers and the scientific community, hence this book provides answers to some important questions. As an advanced hybrid technology, nano-bioremediation refers to the integration of nanomaterials and bioremediation for the remediation of pollutants. The rapid pace of urbanization, massive development of industrial sectors, and modern agricultural practices all cause a controlled or uncontrolled release of environmentally-related hazardous contaminants that are seriously threatening every key sphere, including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and anthroposphere. Explores the current and potential applications of nano-bioremediation in the remediation of hazardous pollutants Outlines the major properties and classes of nanomaterials that make them efficient bioremediation agents Assesses the major challenges of effectively implementing bioremediation techniques at the nanoscale

Current Research in Pulsed Laser Deposition

Current Research in Pulsed Laser Deposition Book
Author : Liviu Duta,Andrei C. Popescu
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-30
ISBN : 3036510443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite its limitation in terms of surface covered area, the PLD technique still gathers interest among researchers by offering endless possibilities for tuning thin film composition and enhancing their properties of interest due to: (i) the easiness of a stoichiometric transfer even for very complex target materials, (ii) high adherence of the deposited structures to the substrate, (iii) controlled degree of phase, crystallinity, and thickness of deposited coatings, (iv) versatility of the experimental set-up which allows for simultaneous ablation of multiple targets resulting in combinatorial maps or consecutive ablation of multiple targets producing multi-layered structures, and (v) adjustment of the number of laser pulses, resulting in either a spread of nanoparticles, islands of materials or a complete covering of a surface. Moreover, a variation of PLD, known as Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, allows for deposition of organic materials, ranging from polymers to proteins and even living cells, otherwise difficult to transfer unaltered in the form of thin films by other techniques. Furthermore, the use of laser light as transfer agent ensures purity of films and pulse-to-pulse deposition allows for an unprecedented control of film thickness at the nm level. This Special Issue is a collection of state-of-the art research papers and reviews in which the topics of interest are devoted to thin film synthesis by PLD and MAPLE, for numerous research and industry field applications, such as bio-active coatings for medical implants and hard, protective coatings for cutting and drilling tools withstanding high friction and elevated temperatures, sensors, solar cells, lithography, magnetic devices, energy-storage and conversion devices, controlled drug delivery and in situ microstructuring for boosting of surface properties.

Microbial Nanobiotechnology

Microbial Nanobiotechnology Book
Author : Agbaje Lateef
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-07
ISBN : 9813347775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbial Nanobiotechnology book written by Agbaje Lateef, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metallic Glass Based Nanocomposites

Metallic Glass Based Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sumit Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-23
ISBN : 0429664095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallic Glass-Based Nanocomposites: Molecular Dynamics Study of Properties provides readers with an overview of the most commonly used tools for MD simulation of metallic glass composites and provides all the basic steps necessary for simulating any material on Materials Studio. After reading this book, readers will be able to model their own problems on this tool for predicting the properties of metallic glass composites. This book provides an introduction to metallic glasses with definitions and classifications, provides detailed explanations of various types of composites, reinforcements and matrices, and explores the basic mechanisms of reinforcement-MG interaction during mechanical loading. It explains various models for calculating the thermal conductivity of metallic glass composites and provides examples of molecular dynamics simulations. Aimed at students and researchers, this book caters to the needs of those working in the field of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of metallic glass composites.

Nanomedicine Manufacturing and Applications

Nanomedicine Manufacturing and Applications Book
Author : Francis Verpoort,Ikram Ahmad,Awais Ahmad,Anish Khan,Ching Yern Chee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0128209429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomedicine explores the modification and enhancement of the properties and performances of typical drugs to treat various diseases. Nano-based medicines have advantages in several ways, such as in nanotherapeutics, nanotheranostics, and nanodiagnostics. Nanomedicine Manufacturing and Applications effectively explores the major manufacturing techniques and applications of nanomaterial-based medicine in the areas of chemotherapy, biochips, insulin pumps, and other treatment methods. This book explains how nanomedicines are developed from nanoparticles as well as their biomedical and other applications related to healthcare. This book is an important reference source for nanoscientists, biomaterials scientists, and biomedical engineers who want to learn more about how nano-based medicines are made and used. Outlines the process of making nanomedicine as well as nanodrug carriers, with a focus on nanomedicine for cancer treatment. Explains the formulation and manufacturing process of nanomedicines, showing how to build these materials. Demonstrates how nano-based medicines are being used to tackle a range of diseases in a way that conventional medicines cannot.

Advanced Magnetic Adsorbents for Water Treatment

Advanced Magnetic Adsorbents for Water Treatment Book
Author : Lucas Meili
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-07
ISBN : 3030640922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Magnetic Adsorbents for Water Treatment book written by Lucas Meili, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Approaches in Forensic Analytical Chemistry

New Approaches in Forensic Analytical Chemistry Book
Author : Alberto Salomone,Grzegorz Zadora,Paolo Oliveri
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-02-17
ISBN : 2889664872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Approaches in Forensic Analytical Chemistry book written by Alberto Salomone,Grzegorz Zadora,Paolo Oliveri, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Micro and Nanostructured Composite Materials for Neutron Shielding Applications

Micro and Nanostructured Composite Materials for Neutron Shielding Applications Book
Author : Sajith Thottathil Abdulrahman,Sabu Thomas,Zakiah Ahmad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 0128194626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanostructured Composite Materials for Neutron Shielding Applications presents recent developments and future possibilities for neutron shielding materials. Emphasis is placed on the correlation between the morphology, shielding mechanisms, and other desired properties, including their mechanical and thermal properties. The effect of neutron absorbing fillers, including their size on final properties is also examined, as are recent advancements in preparation, characterization and simulation techniques. Written by specialists in their respective fields, this comprehensive resource will help professionals and students understand the fundamentals of neutron shielding, as well as the properties of micro- and nanopolymer-based composites, concrete materials, alloy materials and metal-ceramic composites. Provides an up-to-date understanding of the fundamentals of shielding mechanisms, morphology and material property correlations Covers a broad range of micro and nano composite materials for neutron shielding Discusses recent advances surrounding the synthesis and processing of nanostructures and nanocomposite materials

Mycodegradation of Lignocelluloses

Mycodegradation of Lignocelluloses Book
Author : R. Naraian
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 3030238342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a knowledge-based view to the dynamic capabilities in an organization. The author integrates two existing views on gaining competitive advantage: the Knowledge View which suggests that the capability of organizations to learn faster than competitors is the only source of competitiveness; and the Dynamic Capability View which speculates that a fi rm’s competitive advantage rests on it’s ability to adapt to changes in the business environment. Using the IT sector in India as a case study, this book provides and tests a new framework—Knowledge-Based Dynamic Capabilities—in the prediction of competitive advantage in organizations.