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Materials And Water Chemistry For Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors

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Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors Book
Author : David Guzonas,Radek Novotny,Aki Toivonen,S. Pentilla
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2017-11
ISBN : 9780081020494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors is unique in that it brings together materials and water chemistry, their interrelationship, the historical perspective and their application to SCWR conceptual design. Written by world's leading experts, all active in the area of materials and chemistry R&D in support of GEN IV SCWR, this book presents for the first time a comprehensive reference on these topics, and in particular, how these data relate to the SCWR design itself. This book is an essential text for researchers in the areas of supercritical water-cooled reactor materials and chemistry, working in industry or academia. It will also give newcomers to the field a survey of all of the available literature and a clear understanding of how these studies relate to the design of the SCWR concept. The material presented is at a specialist's level in materials or corrosion science, or in water chemistry of power plants. Provides comprehensive coverage of the chemistry and materials of SCWR Presents the latest research and results condensed into one book Covers the differences in use of SCW in nuclear reactors and fossil plants, and the resulting differences in materials requirements

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Seiichi Koshizuka,Yuki Ishiwatari,Akifumi Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-01
ISBN : 1441960341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors provides an overview of the design and analysis of nuclear power reactors. Readers will gain the understanding of the conceptual design elements and specific analysis methods of supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors. Nuclear fuel, reactor core, plant control, plant stand-up and stability are among the topics discussed, in addition to safety system and safety analysis parameters. Providing the fundamentals of reactor design criteria and analysis, this volume is a useful reference to engineers, industry professionals, and graduate students involved with nuclear engineering and energy technology.

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water cooled Reactors

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water cooled Reactors Book
Author : David Guzonas,Radek Novotny,S. Pentilla,Aki Toivonen,Wenyue Zheng
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0081020503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors is unique in that it brings together materials and water chemistry, their interrelationship, the historical perspective and their application to SCWR conceptual design. Written by world’s leading experts, all active in the area of materials and chemistry R&D in support of GEN IV SCWR, this book presents for the first time a comprehensive reference on these topics, and in particular, how these data relate to the SCWR design itself. This book is an essential text for researchers in the areas of supercritical water-cooled reactor materials and chemistry, working in industry or academia. It will also give newcomers to the field a survey of all of the available literature and a clear understanding of how these studies relate to the design of the SCWR concept. The material presented is at a specialist’s level in materials or corrosion science, or in water chemistry of power plants. Provides comprehensive coverage of the chemistry and materials of SCWR Presents the latest research and results condensed into one book Covers the differences in use of SCW in nuclear reactors and fossil plants, and the resulting differences in materials requirements

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Supercritical Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors

Supercritical Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Hideo Mori
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-21
ISBN : 4431550259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the latest reactor concepts, single pass core and experimental findings in thermal hydraulics, materials, corrosion, and water chemistry. It highlights research on supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors (SCWRs), one of the Generation IV reactors that are studied around the world. This book includes cladding material development and experimental findings on heat transfer, corrosion and water chemistry. The work presented here will help readers to understand the fundamental elements of reactor design and analysis methods, thermal hydraulics, materials and water chemistry of supercritical water used as a coolant in nuclear power reactors. It will also help readers to broaden their understanding of fundamental elements of light water cooled reactor technologies and the evolution of reactor concepts.

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion Book
Author : Stefan Ritter
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 0128237201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Status of Research and Technology Development for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors

Status of Research and Technology Development for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : International Atomic Energy Agency
Release : 2019-05-22
ISBN : 9789201019196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is considerable interest in both developing and developed countries in the design of innovative water cooled reactors (WCRs) and, owing to the higher thermal efficiency and significant system simplifications, supercritical water cooled reactors (SWCRs). Compared to conventional WCRs the SCWR concept requires extensive, comprehensive research and development (R&D). Fundamental research in understanding important phenomena has been completed successfully in providing information required for the next step of development. Currently, a few concepts have been assessed as being technical feasible, and several other concepts are under development. These concepts are described in this publication, together with detailed analysis of remaining gaps requiring future R&D.

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-22
ISBN : 0081028660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (iv) and the intermediate and final disposal of nuclear waste. In order to address these challenges, engineers and designers need to know the properties of a wide variety of materials under these conditions and to understand the underlying processes affecting changes in their behavior, in order to assess their performance and to determine the limits of operation. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials 2e provides broad ranging, validated summaries of all the major topics in the field of nuclear material research for fission as well as fusion reactor systems. Attention is given to the fundamental scientific aspects of nuclear materials: fuel and structural materials for fission reactors, waste materials, and materials for fusion reactors. The articles are written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource of information. Most of the chapters from the first Edition have been revised and updated and a significant number of new topics are covered in completely new material. During the ten years between the two editions, the challenge for applications of nuclear materials has been significantly impacted by world events, public awareness, and technological innovation. Materials play a key role as enablers of new technologies, and we trust that this new edition of Comprehensive Nuclear Materials has captured the key recent developments. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environments Comprehensive resource for up-to-date and authoritative information which is not always available elsewhere, even in journals Provides an in-depth treatment of materials modeling and simulation, with a specific focus on nuclear issues Serves as an excellent entry point for students and researchers new to the field

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media Book
Author : S. N. Lvov
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2008-05
ISBN : 1566776406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

High Performance Light Water Reactor

High Performance Light Water Reactor Book
Author : Thomas Schulenberg
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2014-07-28
ISBN : 3866448171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Results of the project "High Performance Light Water Reactor--Phase 2," carried out September 2006-February 2010 as part of the 6th European Framework Program.

Corrosion Characteristics Mechanisms and Control Methods of Candidate Alloys in Sub and Supercritical Water

Corrosion Characteristics  Mechanisms and Control Methods of Candidate Alloys in Sub  and Supercritical Water Book
Author : Donghai Xu,Shuwei Guo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-07
ISBN : 9811655251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide comprehensive and systematic introduction and summary of corrosion characteristics, mechanisms, and control methods of candidate alloys in sub- and supercritical water environment. First of all, corrosion types of candidate alloys and the effects of major alloying elements on corrosion resistance of potential alloys in sub- and supercritical water are compared and analyzed. At the same time, research status of candidate materials, and development and application trends of several corrosion-resistant alloys are summarized. Then, corrosion characteristics of Ni-Cr, Ni-Cr-Mo, Ni-Fe-Cr and Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu corrosion-resistant alloys, FeCrAl alloy, and Zircaloy are discussed in detail, including the corrosion rate, the structure and composition of oxide film, and the effects of various surface treatment processes, etc. More specifically, it also investigates corrosion behavior of Ni-based alloy, Fe-Ni-based, and stainless steels in supercritical water. The effects of aggressive species on the corrosion behavior of Ni-base alloys are also explored in supercritical water. Readers will further discover the total corrosion processes and mechanisms of typical candidate alloys in sub- and supercritical water environment. Finally, the work explores the corrosion control methods such as ceramic coatings and passivation processes in supercritical water oxidation and in subcritical water, respectively. Future challenges and development trends of corrosion research of candidate materials in sub- and supercritical water environments are covered at the end of this book. It offers valuable reference for theoretically guiding material selection and design and operating parameter optimization of key equipment in the sub- and supercritical water technologies. The book is written for senior undergraduates, graduate students, scholars, and researchers who are interested in corrosion behavior of candidate materials of supercritical water oxidation system, supercritical water gasification system, and nuclear reactor.

Characterization of Minerals Metals and Materials 2015

Characterization of Minerals  Metals  and Materials 2015 Book
Author : John Carpenter,Chengguang Bai,J. Pablo Escobedo-Diaz,Jiann-Yang Hwang,Shadia Ikhmayies,Bowen Li,Jian Li,Sergio Neves Monteiro,Zhiwei Peng,Mingming Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-20
ISBN : 3319481916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection focuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. Papers cover topics such as clays, ceramics, composites, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, minerals, electronic materials, magnetic materials, environmental materials, advanced materials, and soft materials. In addition, papers covering materials extraction, materials processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, and method development are included. This book provides a current snapshot of characterization in materials science and its role in validating, informing, and driving current theories in the field of materials science. This volume will serve the dual purpose of furnishing a broad introduction of the field to novices while simultaneously serving to keep subject matter experts up-to-date.

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment Energy and Nanomaterial Applications

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment  Energy and Nanomaterial Applications Book
Author : Shuzhong Wang,Donghai Xu,Yang Guo,Xingying Tang,Yuzhen Wang,Jie Zhang,Honghe Ma,Lili Qian,Yanhui Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 9811393265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book systematically presents the technical aspects of supercritical water oxidation and supercritical water gasification for energy and environmental applications, which include reactor design, construction materials, corrosion, salt precipitation, etc. The book provides a comprehensive introduction to the properties of supercritical water, and the industrial applications, reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics of supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) and supercritical water gasification (SCWG). The reactions occurring in supercritical water are complex, and studying their reaction mechanisms is of great importance for the development of supercritical water processing technologies. Accordingly, the book explains the oxidative mechanisms and kinetics of organic matter in supercritical water in detail. However, the harsh reaction conditions in supercritical water can easily create severe reactor corrosion and salt deposition problems. Therefore, the book also comprehensively reports on the mechanism analysis, state of research, and development trends regarding these two problems. Lastly, the book summarizes the development of supercritical water processing technologies, including studies on SCWO and SCWG, as well as near-zero-emission systems of pollutants based on SCWO technology. In short, the book provides a wealth of valuable information for all readers who are interested in using SCWO for organic waste treatment, and in using SCWG for hydrogen production with wet biomass.

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia Book
Author : Thomas B. Kingery
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-10
ISBN : 1118043480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The A-to-Z reference resource for nuclear energy information A significant milestone in the history of nuclear technology, Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications is a comprehensive and authoritative reference guide written by a committee of the world's leading energy experts. The encyclopedia is packed with cutting-edge information about where nuclear energy science and technology came from, where they are today, and what the future may hold for this vital technology. Filled with figures, graphs, diagrams, formulas, and photographs, which accompany the short, easily digestible entries, the book is an accessible reference work for anyone with an interest in nuclear energy, and includes coverage of safety and environmental issues that are particularly topical in light of the Fukushima Daiichi incident. A definitive work on all aspects of the world's energy supply, the Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia brings together decades of knowledge about energy sources and technologies ranging from coal and oil, to biofuels and wind, and ultimately nuclear power.

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Igor Pioro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 0081001622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Vladimir Anikeev,Maohong Fan I
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-21
ISBN : 0444626972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter Book
Author : Yoshihiko Hatano,Yosuke Katsumura,A. Mozumder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-13
ISBN : 9781439811801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on Mozumder’s and Hatano’s Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications (CRC Press, 2004), Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces expands upon the scientific contents of the previous volume by covering state-of-the-art advances, novel applications, and future perspectives. It focuses on relatively direct applications used mainly in radiation research fields as well as the interface between radiation research and other fields. The book first explores the latest studies on primary processes (the physical stage), particularly on the energy deposition spectra and oscillator strength distributions of molecules interacting with charged particles and photons. Other studies discussed include the use of synchrotron radiation in W-value studies and the progress achieved with positrons and muons interacting with matter. It then introduces new theoretical studies on the physicochemical and chemical stages that describe the behavior of electrons in liquid hydrocarbons and the high-LET radiolysis of liquid water. The book also presents new experimental research on the physicochemical and chemical stages with specific characteristics of matter or specific experimental conditions, before covering new experimental studies on the biological stage. The last set of chapters focuses on applications in health physics and cancer therapy, applications to polymers, the applications and interface formation in space science and technology, and applications for the research and development of radiation detectors, environmental conservation, plant breeding, and nuclear engineering. Edited by preeminent scientists and with contributions from an esteemed group of international experts, this volume advances the field by offering greater insight into how charged particles and photons interact with matter. Bringing together topics across a spectrum of scientific and technological areas, it provides clear explanations of the dynamic processes involved in and applications of interface formation.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book
Author : Damien FERON
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-02-21
ISBN : 085709534X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches