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Materials And Water Chemistry For Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors

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Supercritical Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors

Supercritical Pressure Light Water Cooled Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Hideo Mori
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-21
ISBN : 4431550259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the latest reactor concepts, single pass core and experimental findings in thermal hydraulics, materials, corrosion, and water chemistry. It highlights research on supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors (SCWRs), one of the Generation IV reactors that are studied around the world. This book includes cladding material development and experimental findings on heat transfer, corrosion and water chemistry. The work presented here will help readers to understand the fundamental elements of reactor design and analysis methods, thermal hydraulics, materials and water chemistry of supercritical water used as a coolant in nuclear power reactors. It will also help readers to broaden their understanding of fundamental elements of light water cooled reactor technologies and the evolution of reactor concepts.

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water cooled Reactors

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water cooled Reactors Book
Author : David Guzonas,Radek Novotny,S. Pentilla,Aki Toivonen,Wenyue Zheng
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0081020503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and Water Chemistry for Supercritical Water-cooled Reactors is unique in that it brings together materials and water chemistry, their interrelationship, the historical perspective and their application to SCWR conceptual design. Written by world’s leading experts, all active in the area of materials and chemistry R&D in support of GEN IV SCWR, this book presents for the first time a comprehensive reference on these topics, and in particular, how these data relate to the SCWR design itself. This book is an essential text for researchers in the areas of supercritical water-cooled reactor materials and chemistry, working in industry or academia. It will also give newcomers to the field a survey of all of the available literature and a clear understanding of how these studies relate to the design of the SCWR concept. The material presented is at a specialist’s level in materials or corrosion science, or in water chemistry of power plants. Provides comprehensive coverage of the chemistry and materials of SCWR Presents the latest research and results condensed into one book Covers the differences in use of SCW in nuclear reactors and fossil plants, and the resulting differences in materials requirements

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems   Water Reactors Book
Author : Gabriell Ilevbare,Jeremy Busby,Peter Andersen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-17
ISBN : 3319487604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 15th Edition of the International Conference on Materials Degradation in Light Water Reactors focuses on subject areas critical to the safe and efficient running of nuclear reactor systems through the exchange and discussion of reseach results as well as field operating and management experience.

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids Book
Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-27
ISBN : 303044984X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globalization and industrialization involve a number of reactions, products, extractions, and separations that require the use of organic solvents. These solvents are responsible for a number of ecological concerns, including atmospheric and land toxicity. Conventional organic solvents are regarded as volatile organic compounds; some are even limited due to their potential for ozone layer depletion. While supercritical liquids exhibit physical properties that could make them ideal substitutes for these volatile compounds, there is particular interest in the use of carbon dioxide as a solvent of crude material. In particular, carbon dioxide has apparent ‘green’ properties, like its noncombustible nature, the fact that it is generally nonpoisonous, and its relative inertness. Thus, the use of supercritical carbon dioxide can provide practical improvements to the sustainability of industrial products and processes. This book provides in-depth literature in the area of industrial green processes, focusing on the separation, purification, and extraction of compounds utilizing supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent.

Nuclear Corrosion

Nuclear Corrosion Book
Author : Stefan Ritter
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-08-14
ISBN : 0128237201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media Book
Author : S. N. Lvov
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2008-05-01
ISBN : 1566776406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

Characterization of Minerals Metals and Materials 2015

Characterization of Minerals  Metals  and Materials 2015 Book
Author : John Carpenter,Chengguang Bai,J. Pablo Escobedo-Diaz,Jiann-Yang Hwang,Shadia Ikhmayies,Bowen Li,Jian Li,Sergio Neves Monteiro,Zhiwei Peng,Mingming Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-20
ISBN : 3319481916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection focuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. Papers cover topics such as clays, ceramics, composites, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, minerals, electronic materials, magnetic materials, environmental materials, advanced materials, and soft materials. In addition, papers covering materials extraction, materials processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, and method development are included. This book provides a current snapshot of characterization in materials science and its role in validating, informing, and driving current theories in the field of materials science. This volume will serve the dual purpose of furnishing a broad introduction of the field to novices while simultaneously serving to keep subject matter experts up-to-date.

Review of the Status of Supercritical Water Reactor Technology

Review of the Status of Supercritical Water Reactor Technology Book
Author : J. F. Marchaterre,M. Petrick
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1960
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supercritical water-reactor design studies are reviewed. The status of supercritical water technology relative to heat transfer and fluid flow, water chemistry, internal deposition on heated surfaces, plant power cycles, and reactor construction materials is reviewed. The direct cycle was found to offer the highest probability for achieving economic power.

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Igor Pioro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 0081001622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

High Performance Light Water Reactor

High Performance Light Water Reactor Book
Author : Thomas Schulenberg
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3866448171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High Performance Light Water Reactor book written by Thomas Schulenberg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics in Nuclear Power Plant Systems

Thermodynamics in Nuclear Power Plant Systems Book
Author : Bahman Zohuri,Patrick McDaniel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 331993919X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised book covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems, honing in on the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power systems. This text treats the fundamentals of thermodynamics from the perspective of nuclear power systems. In addition to the Four Laws of Thermodynamics, it discusses Brayton and Rankine power cycles in detail with an emphasis on how they are implemented in nuclear systems. Chapters have been brought up-to-date due to significant new results that have become available for intercooled systems and combined cycles and include an updated steam table. The book starts with basic principles of thermodynamics as applied to power plant systems. It then describes how Nuclear Air-Brayton systems will work. It documents how they can be designed and the expected ultimate performance. It describes several types of Nuclear Air-Brayton systems that can be employed to meet different requirements and estimates component sizes and performance criteria for Small Modular Reactors (SMR) based on the Air-Brayton concept. The book provides useful insight into the engineering of nuclear power systems for students and the tabular data will be of great use to practicing engineers.

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment Energy and Nanomaterial Applications

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment  Energy and Nanomaterial Applications Book
Author : Shuzhong Wang,Donghai Xu,Yang Guo,Xingying Tang,Yuzhen Wang,Jie Zhang,Honghe Ma,Lili Qian,Yanhui Li
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 9811393265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book systematically presents the technical aspects of supercritical water oxidation and supercritical water gasification for energy and environmental applications, which include reactor design, construction materials, corrosion, salt precipitation, etc. The book provides a comprehensive introduction to the properties of supercritical water, and the industrial applications, reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics of supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) and supercritical water gasification (SCWG). The reactions occurring in supercritical water are complex, and studying their reaction mechanisms is of great importance for the development of supercritical water processing technologies. Accordingly, the book explains the oxidative mechanisms and kinetics of organic matter in supercritical water in detail. However, the harsh reaction conditions in supercritical water can easily create severe reactor corrosion and salt deposition problems. Therefore, the book also comprehensively reports on the mechanism analysis, state of research, and development trends regarding these two problems. Lastly, the book summarizes the development of supercritical water processing technologies, including studies on SCWO and SCWG, as well as near-zero-emission systems of pollutants based on SCWO technology. In short, the book provides a wealth of valuable information for all readers who are interested in using SCWO for organic waste treatment, and in using SCWG for hydrogen production with wet biomass.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter Book
Author : Yoshihiko Hatano,Yosuke Katsumura,A. Mozumder
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-13
ISBN : 9781439811801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on Mozumder’s and Hatano’s Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications (CRC Press, 2004), Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces expands upon the scientific contents of the previous volume by covering state-of-the-art advances, novel applications, and future perspectives. It focuses on relatively direct applications used mainly in radiation research fields as well as the interface between radiation research and other fields. The book first explores the latest studies on primary processes (the physical stage), particularly on the energy deposition spectra and oscillator strength distributions of molecules interacting with charged particles and photons. Other studies discussed include the use of synchrotron radiation in W-value studies and the progress achieved with positrons and muons interacting with matter. It then introduces new theoretical studies on the physicochemical and chemical stages that describe the behavior of electrons in liquid hydrocarbons and the high-LET radiolysis of liquid water. The book also presents new experimental research on the physicochemical and chemical stages with specific characteristics of matter or specific experimental conditions, before covering new experimental studies on the biological stage. The last set of chapters focuses on applications in health physics and cancer therapy, applications to polymers, the applications and interface formation in space science and technology, and applications for the research and development of radiation detectors, environmental conservation, plant breeding, and nuclear engineering. Edited by preeminent scientists and with contributions from an esteemed group of international experts, this volume advances the field by offering greater insight into how charged particles and photons interact with matter. Bringing together topics across a spectrum of scientific and technological areas, it provides clear explanations of the dynamic processes involved in and applications of interface formation.

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Seiichi Koshizuka,Yuki Ishiwatari,Akifumi Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-01
ISBN : 1441960341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors provides an overview of the design and analysis of nuclear power reactors. Readers will gain the understanding of the conceptual design elements and specific analysis methods of supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors. Nuclear fuel, reactor core, plant control, plant stand-up and stability are among the topics discussed, in addition to safety system and safety analysis parameters. Providing the fundamentals of reactor design criteria and analysis, this volume is a useful reference to engineers, industry professionals, and graduate students involved with nuclear engineering and energy technology.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2005 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Recent Trends in Radiation Chemistry

Recent Trends in Radiation Chemistry Book
Author : James F. Wishart,B. S. Madhava Rao
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 981428209X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a review of the trends in the field of radiation chemistry research. It covers a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the historical perspective, instrumentation of accelerators in the nanosecond to femtosecond region, through the use of radiation chemical methods in the study of antioxidants and nanomaterials, radiation-induced DNA damage by ionizing radiation involving both direct and indirect effects, to ultrafast events in free electron transfer, radiation-induced processes at solid-liquid interfaces and the recent work on infrared spectroscopy and radiation chemistry. The book is unique in that it covers a wide spectrum of topics that will be of great interest to beginners as well as experts. Recent data on ultrafast phenomena from the recently established world-class laser-driven accelerators facilities in the US, France and Japan are reviewed.