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Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-03-09
ISBN : 9780080884486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and the Environment is the first book devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal. Written by Mike Ashby, one of the world's foremost materials authorities, the book introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences. The tools developed in the text are implemented in the CES EduPack Eco Design Edition software and new Eco Audit Tool available from Granta Design. The book provides in-depth coverage of such topics as material consumption and its drivers; the material lifecycle; eco-informed material selection; renewable materials and sustainability; legislative and regulatory aspects; and eco-profiles of more than 40 widely used materials. It contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations. It includes full-color data-sheets for many of the most commonly used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data. This book will appeal to instructors of materials science and selection courses, as well as to instructors of industrial and product design courses; students of engineering, materials science and industrial/product design; materials and industrial engineers; and product designers. * The first book devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal, by noted materials authority Mike Ashby. * Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences. * Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations. * Includes full-color data-sheets for 60 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data. * The tools developed in the text are implemented in the CES EduPack Eco Design Edition software and new Eco Audit Tool available from Granta Design.

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : M. F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0123859719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing the growing global concern for sustainable engineering, Materials and the Environment, 2e is the only book devoted exclusively to the environmental aspects of materials. It explains the ways in which we depend on and use materials and the consequences these have, and it introduces methods for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of minimizing environmental impact. Along with its noted in-depth coverage of material consumption, the material life-cycle, selection strategies, and legislative aspects, the second edition includes new case studies, important new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. This book is intended for instructors and students as well as materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data New to this edition: New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 0128215267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and the Environment, Third Edition, discusses the history of our increasing dependence on materials and energy. The book explains where materials come from and how they are used in a variety of industries, along with their lifecycle and relationship to energy and carbon. In addition, it covers the controls and economic instruments that hinder the use of engineering materials, considers sustainability from a materials perspective, and highlights the importance of low-carbon power and material efficiency. Further sections cover the mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of engineering metals, polymers, ceramics, composites and natural materials and their relationship to environmental issues. This book is intended for instructors and students of Engineering, Materials Science and Industrial/Product Design, as well as for materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about, and designing with, materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color datasheets for dozens of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data

Smart Materials for Advanced Environmental Applications

Smart Materials for Advanced Environmental Applications Book
Author : Peng Wang
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-02-24
ISBN : 1782621083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is dedicated to the innovative and emerging applications of designed functional surfaces to solving environmental challenges.

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings Book
Author : Brownell, Blaine Erickson
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 1799824284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental environmental challenges such as climate change, resource depletion, and pollution are still widely relevant in today’s world. Many of these problems have been associated with the architecture, engineering, and construction industries due to the level of resources used in these professions. In recent years, many manufacturers in these fields have expressed the motivation to make necessary changes that would be beneficial to the environment. Despite this progress, there remains a lack of research and assessment on the methods to achieve environmental stability within these architectural fields. Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of ecological performance within modern building design and materials-based construction. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as life cycle assessment, material flows analysis, and sustainability, this book is ideally designed for architects, civil engineers, construction professionals, environmentalists, ecologists, business practitioners, scientists, policymakers, designers, researchers, and academicians seeking research on current trends in environmental performance within building design.

Materials and Sustainable Development

Materials and Sustainable Development Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-01-19
ISBN : 012802562X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, from noted materials selection authority Mike Ashby, provides a structure and framework for analyzing sustainable development and the role of materials in it. The aim is to introduce ways of exploring sustainable development to readers in a way that avoids simplistic interpretations and approaches complexity in a systematic way. There is no completely "right" answer to questions of sustainable development – instead, there is a thoughtful, well-researched response that recognizes concerns of stakeholders, the conflicting priorities and the economic, legal and social aspects of a technology as well as its environmental legacy. The intent is not to offer solutions to sustainability challenges but rather to improve the quality of discussion and enable informed, balanced debate. Winner of a 2016 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Textbook and Academic Authors Association Describes sustainable development in increasingly detailed progression, from a broad overview to specific tools and methods Six chapter length case studies on such topics as biopolymers, electric cars, bamboo, and lighting vividly illustrate the sustainable development process from a materials perspective Business and economic aspects are covered in chapters on corporate sustainability and the "circular materials economy" Support for course use includes online solutions manual and image bank

Materials in Environmental Engineering

Materials in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Hadi Haeri
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-08-21
ISBN : 3110515733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This contains selected and peer-reviewed papers from the 4th Annual International Conference on Material Science and Environmental Engineering (MSEE), December 16-18 2016, in Chengdu, China. Interactions of building materials, biomaterials, energy materials and nanomaterials with surrounding environment are discussed. With abundant case studies, it is of interests to material scientists and environmental engineers.

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : David S. Ginley,David Cahen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-30
ISBN : 1139502689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.

Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering

Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering Book
Author : Yan Guo Shi,Jin Long Zuo
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2011-01-20
ISBN : 3038135747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection of peer-reviewed papers provided a forum within which researchers, educators, engineers and government officials - involved in the general areas of Environmental Biotechnology and Materials Engineering - could disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on possible future research directions. The 473 most outstanding papers were carefully selected from among the total of 783 submitted works and are presented in this special collection, which covers a wide range of issues related to the state-of-the-art of the progress, made in environmental biotechnology and materials engineering, with regard to the understanding and optimization of various types of treatment process.

Environmental Effects on Engineered Materials

Environmental Effects on Engineered Materials Book
Author : Russell H. Jones
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-03-29
ISBN : 0824746015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable reference provides a comprehensive overview of corrosion and environmental effects on metals, intermetallics, glossy metals, ceramics and composites of metals, and ceramics and polymer materials. It surveys numerous options for various applications involving environments and guidance in materials selection and substitution. Exploring a wide range of environments, including aqueous and high-temperature surroundings, Environmental Effects on Engineered Materials examines specific material-environmental interactions; corrosion rates and material limitations; preventive measurements against corrosion; utilization of older materials in recent applications; the use of new materials for existing equipment; and more.

Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability

Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability Book
Author : Kobayashi, Takaomi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-12-21
ISBN : 1522519726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing presence of biomass and waste has caused significant changes to the environment. With the ubiquity of these materials, there is an increasing need for proper disposal and reuse of these resources. Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability is a key resource on the latest advancements in environmental materials, including the utilization of biomass and waste for advanced materials. Highlighting innovative studies on renewable resources, green technology, and chemical modification, this book is an ideal reference source for academics, researchers, professionals, and graduate students in the field of environmental and materials sciences and technologies.

Novel Materials in the Environment

Novel Materials in the Environment Book
Author : Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780101746823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Royal Commission's decision to study novel materials was motivated by concern about the potential for releases to the environment arising from increasing industrial applications of metals and minerals that have not previously been widely used and, secondly, by the embodiment of nanoparticles and nanotubes in a wide range of consumer products and specialist applications in fields such as medicine and environmental remediation. Most of the evidence received focused on nanomaterials - particles, fibres and tubes on the scale of a few billionths of a metre. Chapters 2 and 3 explore the extent to which novel substances are currently being deployed, the plausible pathways by which they might enter the environment, their likely environmental destinations in use or disposal and the possible consequences of their release to those destinations. Chapter 4 considers what arrangements would be most appropriate for the governance of emerging technologies under two conditions that pose serious constraints on any regulator. First is the condition of ignorance about the possible environmental impacts in the absence of any kind of track record for the technology. Second is the condition of ubiquity - the fact that new technologies no longer develop in a context of local experimentation but emerge as globally pervasive systems - which challenges both trial-and-error learning and attempts at national regulation. Both new governance approaches and modifications to existing ones are likely to be called for. They will need to be rooted in ideas of adaptive management that require multiple perspectives on the issues. The Commission's recommendations are based on the premise that it is the functionality of the material, not particle size or mode of production, which is critical for evaluating its potential impact on the environment or human health.

Sustainable Materials Science Environmental Metallurgy

Sustainable Materials Science   Environmental Metallurgy Book
Author : Jean-Pierre BIRAT
Publisher : EDP Sciences
Release : 2021-01-18T00:00:00+01:00
ISBN : 2759824438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials are at the core of our societies and of our economies. They are part of pressing environmental challenges but they also provide powerful answers. It is therefore no longer possible to think of materials from the restricted standpoint of Materials and Engineering Sciences and this book proposes a more holistic vision of their connection with the Environment and with Society. The book is meant for students, researchers, engineers, and concerned citizens interested in how materials, nature and people interact: at the level of raw materials and energy resources, of innovation and emergence of new materials functions, of historical continuity with materials of the past, and of emissions to air, water and soil and thus in connection also with health and toxicology issues, climate change and collapse of biodiversity. The book examines how materials relate to society with complex metrics, but also, more deeply, how they generate eco-social services, and, finally, have agency along with the people who use them and invent them (Actor Network Theory). This book is unique in its approach across so many fields. There are many excellent treatises on materials science and more on industrial ecology. However, the connection with the social dimension of sustainability is still rarely discussed and the pluridisciplinary cocktail of approaches used here is truly new.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-10-08
ISBN : 1437734553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Environmental Law Text Cases Materials

Environmental Law  Text  Cases   Materials Book
Author : Elizabeth Fisher,Elizabeth Charlotte Fisher,Bettina Lange,Eloise Scotford
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-04-25
ISBN : 0199270880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new title offers a compact and complete resource for students, featuring extracts from leading cases and articles alongside clear explanations and insightful analysis from an experienced author team. This unique approach places environmental law in context, enabling you to develop a clear and sophisticated understanding of this dynamic area.

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 0080952232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding materials, their properties and behavior is fundamental to engineering design, and a key application of materials science. Written for all students of engineering, materials science and design, this book describes the procedures for material selection in mechanical design in order to ensure that the most suitable materials for a given application are identified from the full range of materials and section shapes available. Extensively revised for this fourth edition, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design is recognized as one of the leading materials selection texts, and provides a unique and genuinely innovative resource. Features new to this edition * Material property charts now in full color throughout * Significant revisions of chapters on engineering materials, processes and process selection, and selection of material and shape while retaining the book's hallmark structure and subject content * Fully revised chapters on hybrid materials and materials and the environment * Appendix on data and information for engineering materials fully updated * Revised and expanded end-of-chapter exercises and additional worked examples Materials are introduced through their properties; materials selection charts (also available on line) capture the important features of all materials, allowing rapid retrieval of information and application of selection techniques. Merit indices, combined with charts, allow optimization of the materials selection process. Sources of material property data are reviewed and approaches to their use are given. Material processing and its influence on the design are discussed. New chapters on environmental issues, industrial engineering and materials design are included, as are new worked examples, exercise materials and a separate, online Instructor's Manual. New case studies have been developed to further illustrate procedures and to add to the practical implementation of the text. * The new edition of the leading materials selection text, now with full color material property charts * Includes significant revisions of chapters on engineering materials, processes and process selection, and selection of material and shape while retaining the book's hallmark structure and subject content * Fully revised chapters on hybrid materials and materials and the environment * Appendix on data and information for engineering materials fully updated * Revised and expanded end-of-chapter exercises and additional worked examples

Materials Matter

Materials Matter Book
Author : Ken Geiser
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2001-05-25
ISBN : 9780262262811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The products we purchase and use are assembled from a wide range of naturally occurring and manufactured materials. But too often we create hazards for the ecosystem and human health as we mine, process, distribute, use, and dispose of these materials. Until recently, most research has focused on the waste end of material cycles. This book argues that the safest and least costly point at which to avoid environmental damage is when materials are first designed and selected for use in industrial production. Materials Matter presents convincing evidence that we can use fewer materials and eliminate the use of many toxic chemicals by focusing directly on material (chemical) use when products are designed. It also shows how manufacturers can save money by increasing the effectiveness of material use and reducing the use of toxic chemicals. It advocates new directions for the material sciences and government policies on materials. And it argues that manufacturers, suppliers, and customers need to set more socially responsible policies for products and services to achieve higher environmental and health goals.

Titanium Dioxide

Titanium Dioxide Book
Author : Dongfang Yang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 1789233267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Titanium dioxide is currently being used in many industrial products. It provides unique photocatalytic properties for water splitting and purification, bacterial inactivation, and organics degradation. It has also been widely used as the photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells and coatings for self-cleaning surfaces, biomedical implants, and nanomedicine. This book covers various aspects of titanium dioxide nanomaterials including their unique one-dimensional, two-dimensional, mesoporous, and hierarchical nanostructures and their synthetic methods such as sol-gel, hydrothermal, anodic oxidation, and electrophoretic deposition, as well as its key applications in environmental and energy sectors. Through these 24 chapters written by experts from the international scientific community, readers will have access to a comprehensive overview of the recent research and development findings on the titanium dioxide nanomaterials.

Environmental Deterioration of Materials

Environmental Deterioration of Materials Book
Author : A. Moncmanová
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1845640322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing level of pollution in the environment not only harms the natural world, but also accelerates the deterioration and corrosion of materials used in technical work, as well as objects with historical or artistic value. It is impossible to eliminate the numerous sources of this negative effect, so there are currently increased efforts towards improved preservation, which require a thorough knowledge of the causes of the degradation of individual materials.This book deals with the fundamental principles underlying environmental degradation of widely-used and economically important construction materials such as metals, stone, brick, concrete, timber, cast iron, steel, copper alloys and aluminium. It features information on the methods of deterioration, as well as general information on the economic impact of the damaging processes, and offers some suggested fundamental protection techniques for buildings, industrial and agricultural facilities, monuments and culturally important structures.This book will be of interest to materials and corrosion engineering experts, civil and environmental engineers, students and practicing professionals, designers, architects and restoration engineers. It will also be a useful tool for managers from various sectors of industry, for auditors of environmental management systems, and it can be used as a complementary course book for university students.

Microbiology for Minerals Metals Materials and the Environment

Microbiology for Minerals  Metals  Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Abhilash,B. D. Pandey,K. A. Natarajan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-02-25
ISBN : 1482257300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better Understand the Connection between Microbiology and the Inorganic WorldMicrobiology for Minerals, Metals, Materials and the Environment links chemical, metallurgical, and other metal inherent systems with microbes, and analyzes the interdependence between them. Specifically intended to underscore the importance of microbes in environmental re