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Materials And The Environment

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Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : M. F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 0123859719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing the growing global concern for sustainable engineering, Materials and the Environment, 2e is the only book devoted exclusively to the environmental aspects of materials. It explains the ways in which we depend on and use materials and the consequences these have, and it introduces methods for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of minimizing environmental impact. Along with its noted in-depth coverage of material consumption, the material life-cycle, selection strategies, and legislative aspects, the second edition includes new case studies, important new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. This book is intended for instructors and students as well as materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data New to this edition: New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-04
ISBN : 0123859727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and the Environment: Eco-Informed Material Choice, Second Edition, is the first book devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal, by one of the world's foremost materials authorities. It explores human dependence on materials and its environmental consequences and provides perspective, background, methods, and data for thinking about and designing with materials to minimize their environmental impact. Organized into 15 chapters, this new edition looks at the history of our increasing dependence on materials and energy. It explains where materials come from and how they are used in a variety of industries, along with their life cycle and their relationship to energy and carbon. It also examines controls and economic instruments that hinder the use of engineering materials, considers sustainability from a materials perspective, and highlights the importance of low-carbon power and material efficiency. Furthermore, it discusses the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of engineering metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and natural materials in relation to environmental issues. The volume includes new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power & and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. There are also new case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations. This book is intended for instructors and students of Engineering, Materials Science and Industrial/Product Design, as well as for materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data New to this edition: New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-03-09
ISBN : 9780080884486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials and the Environment is the first book devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal. Written by Mike Ashby, one of the world's foremost materials authorities, the book introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences. The tools developed in the text are implemented in the CES EduPack Eco Design Edition software and new Eco Audit Tool available from Granta Design. The book provides in-depth coverage of such topics as material consumption and its drivers; the material lifecycle; eco-informed material selection; renewable materials and sustainability; legislative and regulatory aspects; and eco-profiles of more than 40 widely used materials. It contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations. It includes full-color data-sheets for many of the most commonly used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data. This book will appeal to instructors of materials science and selection courses, as well as to instructors of industrial and product design courses; students of engineering, materials science and industrial/product design; materials and industrial engineers; and product designers. * The first book devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal, by noted materials authority Mike Ashby. * Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences. * Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations. * Includes full-color data-sheets for 60 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data. * The tools developed in the text are implemented in the CES EduPack Eco Design Edition software and new Eco Audit Tool available from Granta Design.

Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability

Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability Book
Author : Kobayashi, Takaomi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-12-21
ISBN : 1522519726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing presence of biomass and waste has caused significant changes to the environment. With the ubiquity of these materials, there is an increasing need for proper disposal and reuse of these resources. Applied Environmental Materials Science for Sustainability is a key resource on the latest advancements in environmental materials, including the utilization of biomass and waste for advanced materials. Highlighting innovative studies on renewable resources, green technology, and chemical modification, this book is an ideal reference source for academics, researchers, professionals, and graduate students in the field of environmental and materials sciences and technologies.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1437734561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook’s broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Environmental Materials and Waste

Environmental Materials and Waste Book
Author : M.N.V Prasad,Kaimin Shih
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 012803906X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Materials and Waste: Resource Recovery and Pollution Prevention contains the latest information on environmental sustainability as a wide variety of natural resources are increasingly being exploited to meet the demands of a worldwide growing population and economy. These raw materials cannot, or can only partially, be substituted by renewable resources within the next few decades. As such, the efficient recovery and processing of mineral and energy resources, as well as recycling such resources, is now of significant importance. The book takes a multidisciplinary approach to fully realize the number of by-products which can be remanufactured, providing the foundation needed across disciplines to tackle this issue. As awareness and opportunities to recover valuable resources from process and bleed streams is gaining interest, sustainable recovery of environmental materials, including wastewater, offers tremendous opportunity to combine profitable and sustainable production. Presents a state-of-the-art guide to environmental sustainability Provides an overview of the field highlighting recent and emerging issues in environmental resource recovery that cover a wide array of by-products for remanufacture potential Details a multidisciplinary approach to fully realize the number of by-products which can be remanufactured, providing the foundation needed across disciplines to tackle these global issues

Materials for a Healthy Ecological and Sustainable Built Environment

Materials for a Healthy  Ecological and Sustainable Built Environment Book
Author : Emina K. Petrovic,Brenda Vale,Maibritt Pedersen Zari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-03-23
ISBN : 008100706X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles for Evaluating Building Materials in Sustainable Construction: Healthy and Sustainable Materials for the Built Environment provides a comprehensive overview of the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction, proposing a holistic and integrated approach. The book evaluates the issues involved in choosing materials from an ecosystem services perspective, from the design stage to the impact of materials on the health of building users. The three main sections of the book discuss building materials in relation to ecosystem services, the implications of materials choice at the design stage, and the impact of materials on building users and their health. The final section focuses on specific case studies that illustrate the richness of solutions that existed before the rise of contemporary construction and that are consistent with a sustainable approach to creating built environments. These are followed by modern examples which apply some, if not all, of the principles discussed in the first three sections of the book. Provides a holistic and integrated approach to the issues associated with the selection of materials for sustainable construction Provides a thorough understanding of ecosystem services based on ecology research for built environment design Provides an original review of the impact of materials on human health Provides case studies to illustrate the points above

Transmaterial 3

Transmaterial 3 Book
Author : Blaine Brownell
Publisher : Princeton Architectural Press
Release : 2010-02-03
ISBN : 9781568988931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Provides a broad synopsis of the state of technological advances in materials today, with a special emphasis on new developments in the field of biopolymers and various agriculturally derived products; biomimetic products, systems, and processes that seek to emulate natural examples, including low-embodied-energy and biochemically manufactured products; "grown" materials; nanoscale marvels; renewable energy technologies; "second-life" materials derived from repurposed waste; and responsive, interactive, and transformational digital interfaces that harness pervasive communication networks and are powered by low-energy illumination sources."--P. [4] of cover.

Key Materials in International Environmental Law

Key Materials in International Environmental Law Book
Author : Alix Gowlland-Gualtieri
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-08
ISBN : 1351924044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This compilation of key materials in international environmental law takes account of the most significant developments in the field that have occurred during the past decade, including in the areas of climate change, chemicals and pesticides, biosafety, and nuclear safety, as well as good governance, compliance and liability. Not only does multilateral environmental law making have wide-ranging repercussions on the way national development policies are drafted and business is conducted, but also environmental issues increasingly interweave with those relating to human rights, trade, agriculture and intellectual property, making familiarity with the key instruments in international law essential for all working in these areas. The book comprises a representative selection of the most important studies in international environmental law, with an editorial introduction to each topic. Its focus on recent trends and cross-sectoral aspects makes it an indispensable tool for students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers in international environmental law and related fields.

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : David S. Ginley,David Cahen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-11-30
ISBN : 1139502689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.

Novel Materials for Environmental Remediation Applications

Novel Materials for Environmental Remediation Applications Book
Author : Dimitrios A Giannakoudakis,Lucas Meili,Ioannis Anastopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-01
ISBN : 0323919278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel Materials for Environmental Remediation Applications: Adsorption and Beyond presents detailed, comprehensive coverage of novel and advanced materials that can be applied to address the growing global concern of the pollution of natural resources in water, the air, and in soil. The book provides up-to-date knowledge of state-of-the-art materials and treatment processes, as well as details of applications, including adsorptive remediation and catalytic remediation. Chapters include the characteristics of materials, basic and important physicochemical features for environmental remediation applications, routes of synthesis, recent advances as remediation medias and future perspectives. This book offers an interdisciplinary and practical examination of novel materials and processes for environmental remediation that will be valuable to environmental scientists, materials scientists, environmental chemists, and environmental engineers alike. Highlights a wide range of synthetic methodologies, physicochemical and engineered features of novel materials, and composites/hybrids for environmental purposes Presents applications of adsorbents or catalysts for water/wastewater treatment and air purification technologies such as advanced oxidation processes, adsorption, photocatalysis, coagulation, flotation, membrane separation, filtration, and others Provides comprehensive, consolidated coverage of novel materials for environmental remediation applications for researchers in environmental science, materials science, and industry to identify in-depth solutions to pollution

Hydrated Materials

Hydrated Materials Book
Author : Yoshitaka Nakanishi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-04
ISBN : 981446323X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water covers more than 70% of the earth's surface and is an essential and major component of all living matter. However, artificially hydrated materials, including hydrophilic materials, are far fewer than one might expect. Currently, these materials are in a state of development for applications in fields such as biomedicine, environmental enginee

Clay Materials for Environmental Remediation

Clay Materials for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Suryadi Ismadji,Felycia Edi Soetaredjo,Aning Ayucitra
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-24
ISBN : 331916712X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive review of environmental remediation is presented with an emphasis on the role of clay minerals in water purification. In the first chapter, important aspects of environmental problems and possible solutions are discussed. In the second chapter, the application of natural clay minerals as environmental cleaning agents are explained. The discussion is focused on the role of different types of clay materials in hazardous substance removal from air, aqueous solutions, wastewater, aquaculture, ground water, etc. In the next chapter, the modification of clay materials is explored including the preparation of clay composite materials for environmental remediation. Various aspects of clay material modifications and the effects of clay surface chemistry on the removal of hazardous material is also discussed. Next, the equilibrium and kinetics of hazardous substance adsorption is presented. This chapter summarizes recent studies on the removal of hazardous substances from aqueous solutions and the environment using various types of clay minerals. The brief also includes various models used in adsorption studies and touches on the characterization of clay minerals.

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution Book
Author : Avelino Nunez-Delgado
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-16
ISBN : 0323851843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution: Current State and Trends presents data on current use and future trends regarding sorbent materials employed against soil, water, and air pollution. The book is organized first by use and research for a variety of geographic areas. It will then focus on different sorbent materials and their uses, followed by various pollutants and their management. Including updated and extensive data from an assortment of sources, the book is organized to be very accessible, including with an interactive table to help identify the results of appropriate sorbents for each environmental compartment. The growing concern regarding soil, water and air pollution all over the world has implications for climate change and sustainability, making Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution: Current State and Trends an important reference for environmental scientists to identify tools for moving forward in solving these problems. Includes data and examples from various geographic locations worldwide Synthesizes data for a variety of sorbent material from different sources Presents data for various kinds of pollutants across environmental spheres, including soil, water, and air Utilizes an interactive table for quicker access to data and results

Microbiology for Minerals Metals Materials and the Environment

Microbiology for Minerals  Metals  Materials and the Environment Book
Author : Abhilash,B. D. Pandey,K. A. Natarajan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-02-25
ISBN : 1482257300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better Understand the Connection between Microbiology and the Inorganic WorldMicrobiology for Minerals, Metals, Materials and the Environment links chemical, metallurgical, and other metal inherent systems with microbes, and analyzes the interdependence between them. Specifically intended to underscore the importance of microbes in environmental re

Materials in the New Millennium

Materials in the New Millennium Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-10-12
ISBN : 0309075629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book details the forum that was held by the National Materials Advisory Board at the National Academy of Sciences. The purpose of this forum was to bring the importance of materials to the attention of policy makers and to promote interactions between policy makers and the materials community. Four key themes were addressed: the critical role of materials in advancing technology and enhancing the nation's economy, security, and health, industrial and societal needs that will require materials development in the new millennium. Materials research areas with the greatest potential for meeting those needs, and federal and industrial research initiatives that can help the materials community meet those needs. To help focus this discussion, special sessions were convened to address the current and future roles of materials in four selected areas: information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, and energy and the environment.

Advanced Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Advanced Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Sunghoon Park
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-09-28
ISBN : 9783039430727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced materials for energy and environmental applications (such as rapid heating, anti-fouling/anti-virus surface, chemical sensor, textile/stretchable sensor, fuel cell, and lithium-ion batteries) have been extensively investigated in the academic and industrial fields. The advent of cabon-based nano-materials (carbon nanotubes, graphene, and carbon black) and inonganic nano-materials (Ag wire/particles, Cu mesh, and transition metal dichalcogenide) has accelerated research interest in energy and environmental applications. This book is focused on the emerging concept and improvement of energy and environmental basic research, as well as in the characterization and analysis of novel energy and environmental base materials. The contents of the book are as below: - Theoretical and experimental studies on advanced conducting nanocomposites; - Electrical properties of nanocomposites under various conditions (dynamic mode, aspect ratio, alignment, and contents) and its applications; - Advanced material for energy applications; - Analysis and materials for environmental applications.

Economics and the Environment

Economics and the Environment Book
Author : Allen V. Kneese,Robert U. Ayres,Ralph C. d'Arge
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-06-03
ISBN : 131740226X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph length report, first published in 1970, originated from a program of research at Resources for the Future that dealt with the management of residuals and of environmental quality. It presents some of the broad concepts that the program was based on and represents the effort to break out of the traditional approach in pollution and policy research, which had treated air, water, and solid waste problems as separate categories. This book will be of interest to students of economics and environmental studies.

Advanced Materials for Agriculture Food and Environmental Safety

Advanced Materials for Agriculture  Food  and Environmental Safety Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Mikael Syväjärvi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-11
ISBN : 1118773888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on the role of advanced materials in the food, water and environmental applications. The monitoring of harmful organisms and toxicants in water, food and beverages is mainly discussed in the respective chapters. The senior contributors write on the following topics: Layered double hydroxides and environment Corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys of silanes New generation material for the removal of arsenic from water Prediction and optimization of heavy clay products quality Enhancement of physical and mechanical properties of fiber Environment friendly acrylates latices Nanoparticles for trace analysis of toxins Recent development on gold nanomaterial as catalyst Nanosized metal oxide based adsorbents for heavy metal removal Phytosynthesized transition metal nanoparticles- novel functional agents for textiles Kinetics and equilibrium modeling Magnetic nanoparticles for heavy metal removal Potential applications of nanoparticles as antipathogens Gas barrier properties of biopolymer based nanocomposites: Application in food packing Application of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for environmental clean up Environmental application of novel TiO2 nanoparticles

Green Materials and Environmental Chemistry

Green Materials and Environmental Chemistry Book
Author : Abu Zahrim Yaser,Poonam Khullar,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-24
ISBN : 1000650189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world faces significant challenges as the population and consumption continue to grow while nonrenewable fossil fuels and other raw materials are depleted at ever-increasing rates. Moreover, environmental consciousness and a penchant for thinking in terms of material cycles have caught on with consumers: the use of environmentally compatible materials and production methods is desired. This volume, Green Materials and Environmental Chemistry: New Production Technologies, Unique Properties, and Applications takes a technical approach to address these issues using green design and analysis. This book provides an overview of the latest developments in environmental chemistry and sustainable materials written by experts in their respective research areas. This interdisciplinary volume offers research with the aim to minimize environmental impacts across all lifecycle phases in the design and engineering of products, processes, and systems as just one possible approach to addressing the larger issue of sustainability that includes environmental, economic, and social aspects.