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Mass Transport In Magmatic Systems

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Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems Book
Author : Bjorn Mysen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-10-09
ISBN : 0128232099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems describes the properties and processes of these natural occurrences, including a description and discussions of how properties can be used for quantitative description of mass and energy transport on, and in, Earth and terrestrial planets. As the experimentally obtained chemical and physical properties of magma is scattered across literature, this book provides a comprehensive volume on the topic. Moreover, links between properties and processes are rarely appreciated. This makes it challenging for a non-experimentalist to access, evaluate, and apply such data. Incorporates information from a range of subdisciplines, from materials science to geology, geophysics and geochemistry Highlights links between properties and processes of magmatic systems Presents chapters that can stand on their own, with practical applications and a section for non-expert readers

Magmatic Systems

Magmatic Systems Book
Author : Michael P. Ryan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-08-26
ISBN : 0080959911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its integrated and cohesive coverage of the current research, Magmatic Systems skillfully explores the physical processes, mechanics, and dynamics of volcanism. The text utilizes a synthesized perspective--theoretical, experimental, and observational--to address the powerful regulatory mechanisms controlling the movement of melts and cooling, with emphasis on mantle plumes, mid-ocean ridges, and intraplate magmatism. Further coverage of subduction zone magmatism includes: Fluid mechanics of mixed magma migration Internal structure of active systems Grain-scale melt flow Rheology of partial melts Numerical simulation of porous media melt migration Nonlinear (chaotic and fractal) processes in magma transport In all, Magmatic Systems will prove invaluable reading to those in search of an interdisciplinary perspective on this active topic. Key Features * Fluid mechanics of magma migration from surface region to eruption site * Internal structure of active magmatic systems * Grain-scale melt flow in mantle plumes and beneath mid-ocean ridges * Physics of magmatic systems and magma dynamics

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems Book
Author : Harry C. Hardee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems book written by Harry C. Hardee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physics of Magmatic Processes

Physics of Magmatic Processes Book
Author : Robert Bero Hargraves
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2014-07-14
ISBN : 1400854490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the chemical aspects of igneous petrology have dominated research for many years, the physical processes associated with the generation, transport, and crystallization of magma have been somewhat neglected. Here a group of distinguished scientists, whose current research embraces both chemical and physical aspects of the field, illustrates these new directions in igneous petrology. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Contact Metamorphism

Contact Metamorphism Book
Author : Derrill M. Kerrick
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1501509616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 26 of Reviews in Mineralogy provides a multidisciplinary review of our current knowledge of contact metamorphism. As in any field of endeavor, we are provided with new questions, thereby dictating future directions of study. Hopefully, this volume will provide inspiration and direction for future research on contact metamorphism. The Mineralogical Society of America sponsored the short course on Contact Metamorphism, October 17-19, 1991, at the Pala Mesa Resort, Fallbrook, California, prior to its annual meeting with the Geological Society of America.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book
Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-06
ISBN : 0123859395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Volcanic Lakes

Volcanic Lakes Book
Author : Dmitri Rouwet,Bruce Christenson,Franco Tassi,Jean Vandemeulebrouck
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-02
ISBN : 3642368336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to give an overview on the present state of volcanic lake research, covering topics such as volcano monitoring, the chemistry, dynamics and degassing of acidic crater lakes, mass-energy-chemical-isotopic balance approaches, limnology and degassing of Nyos-type lakes, the impact on the human and natural environment, the eruption products and impact of crater lake breaching eruptions, numerical modeling of gas clouds and lake eruptions, thermo-hydro-mechanical and deformation modeling, CO2 fluxes from lakes, volcanic lakes observed from space, biological activity, continuous monitoring techniques, and some aspects more. We hope to offer an updated manual on volcanic lake research, providing classic research methods, and point towards a more high-tech approach of future volcanic lake research and continuous monitoring.

Geothermal Energy Update

Geothermal Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geothermal Energy Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems Book
Author : D. Loper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400935870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems held at Stanford Sierra Lodge, Tahoe, California, May 12-16, 1986. This work shop grew out of a realization that there was a significant amount of interest and activity in this topic in several unrelated disciplines, and that it would be mutually beneficial to bring together those mathemati' cians, scientists and engineers interested in this subject to share their knowledge and ideas with each other. Partially solidified systems occur in a variety of natural and man made environments. Perhaps the most well-known occurrence involves the solidification of metallic alloys. Typically as a molten alloy is cooled, the solid phase advances from the cold boundary into the liquid as a branching forest of dendritic crystals. This creates a region of mixed solid and liquid phases, commonly referred to as a mushy zone, in which the solid forms a rigidly connected framework with the liquid occurring in the intercrystalline gaps. In addition to the casting of metallic alloys, mushy zones can occur in weld pools, the Earth's core and. mantle, magma chambers, temperate glaciers, frozen soils, frozen lakes and sea ice. A second mechanical configuration for the solid phase is as a suspension of small crystals within the liquid; this is referred to as a slurry.

Modeling Volcanic Processes

Modeling Volcanic Processes Book
Author : Sarah A. Fagents,Tracy K. P. Gregg,Rosaly M. C. Lopes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 1139619225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the physical behavior of volcanoes is key to mitigating the hazards active volcanoes pose to the ever-increasing populations living nearby. The processes involved in volcanic eruptions are driven by a series of interlinked physical phenomena, and to fully understand these, volcanologists must employ various physics subdisciplines. This book provides the first advanced-level, one-stop resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and reviewing the state-of-the-art in modeling volcanic processes. Each chapter begins by explaining simple modeling formulations and progresses to present cutting-edge research illustrated by case studies. Individual chapters cover subsurface magmatic processes through to eruption in various environments and conclude with the application of modeling to understanding the other volcanic planets of our Solar System. Providing an accessible and practical text for graduate students of physical volcanology, this book is also an important resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of volcanology, geophysics, geochemistry, petrology and natural hazards.

Chemical Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems

Chemical  Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems Book
Author : L. Caricchi,J. D. Blundy
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 1862397325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that regulate the evolution of magmatic systems has improved tremendously since the foundations were laid down 100 years ago by Bowen. The concept of crustal magma chambers has progressively evolved from molten-rock vats to thermally, chemically and physically heterogeneous reservoirs that are kept active by the periodic injection of magma. This new model, while more complex, provides a better framework to interpret volcanic activity and decipher the information contained in intrusive and extrusive rocks. Igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, and numerical modelling, all contributed towards this new picture of crustal magmatic systems. This book provides an overview of the wide range of approaches that can nowadays be used to understand the chemical, physical and temporal evolution of magmatic and volcanic systems.

Magma Transport and Storage

Magma Transport and Storage Book
Author : Michael P. Ryan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the Symposium on Magma Transport and Storage from Source to Eruption Site, held at the 28th International Geological Congress, in Washington DC, July 9-19, 1989. The symposium brought together scientists working from a broad range of perspectives to explore the processes, pathways and mechanics of magmatic movement, combining their individual focuses into a unified theme. Combines treatments of the current research on magma movement in the earth's mantle, oceanic and continental crusts and volcanic centers based on approaches from continuum mechanics, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, experimental high-pressure geophysics, seismology and seismic tomography, observational volcanology and geodesy, field and structural geology. Chapters blend review material with new research results to promote accessibility and provide a measure of self-containment.

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts  Book
Author : Harald Behrens,James D. Webster
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1501508377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 73 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents a compilation of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on August 21-23, 2011 called Sulfur in Magmas and Melts and its Importance for Natural and Technical Processes held at the Hotel der Achtermann, in Goslar, Germany following the 2011 Goldschmidt Conference in Prague, Czech Republic. It covers Studies of sulfur in melts - motivations and overview, Analytical methods for sulfur determination in glasses, rocks, minerals and fluid inclusions, Spectroscopic studies on sulfur speciation in synthetic and natural glasses, Diffusion and redox reactions of sulfur in silicate melts, The role of sulfur compounds in coloring and melting kinetics of industrial glass, Experimental studies on sulfur solubility in silicate melts at near-atmospheric pressure and Modeling the solubility of sulfur in magmas: a 50-year old geochemical challenge.

Intra oceanic Subduction Systems

Intra oceanic Subduction Systems Book
Author : Robert D. Larter,Philip T. Leat
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781862391475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recycling of oceanic plate back into the Earth's interior at subduction zones is one of the key processes in Earth evolution. Volcanic arcs, which form above subduction zones, are the most visible manifestations of plate tectonics, the convection mechanism by which the Earth loses excess heat. They are probably also the main location where new continental crust is formed, the so-called 'subduction factory' About 400f modern subduction zones on Earth are intra-oceanic. These subduction systems are generally simpler than those at continental margins as they commonly have a shorter history of subduction and their magmas are not contaminated by ancient sialic crust. They are therefore the optimum locations for studies of mantle processes and magmatic addition to the crust in subduction zones.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems Book
Author : Peter Halbach,V. Tunnicliffe,James R. Hein
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems book written by Peter Halbach,V. Tunnicliffe,James R. Hein, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Magma to Microbe

Magma to Microbe Book
Author : Robert P. Lowell,Jeffrey S. Seewald,Anna Metaxas,Michael R. Perfit
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-01-14
ISBN : 0875904432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 178. Hydrothermal systems at oceanic spreading centers reflect the complex interactions among transport, cooling and crystallization of magma, fluid circulation in the crust, tectonic processes, water-rock interaction, and the utilization of hydrothermal fluids as a metabolic energy source by microbial and macro-biological ecosystems. The development of mathematical and numerical models that address these complex linkages is a fundamental part the RIDGE 2000 program that attempts to quantify and model the transfer of heat and chemicals from "mantle to microbes" at oceanic ridges. This volume presents the first "state of the art" picture of model development in this context. The most outstanding feature of this volume is its emphasis on mathematical and numerical modeling of a broad array of hydrothermal processes associated with oceanic spreading centers. By examining the state of model development in one volume, both cross-fertilization of ideas and integration across the disparate disciplines that study seafloor hydrothermal systems is facilitated. Students and scientists with an interest in oceanic spreading centers in general and more specifically in ridge hydrothermal processes will find this volume to be an up-to-date and indispensable resource.

Ore bearing Granite Systems

Ore bearing Granite Systems Book
Author : Holly J. Stein,Judith L. Hannah
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1990-01-01
ISBN : 0813722462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ore bearing Granite Systems book written by Holly J. Stein,Judith L. Hannah, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Publications of the Geological Survey

New Publications of the Geological Survey Book
Author : Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Publications of the Geological Survey book written by Geological Survey (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Timescales of Magmatic Processes

Timescales of Magmatic Processes Book
Author : Anthony Dosseto,Simon P. Turner,James A. Van-Orman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-24
ISBN : 1444348264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantifying the timescales of current geological processes is critical for constraining the physical mechanisms operating on the Earth today. Since the Earth’s origin 4.55 billion years ago magmatic processes have continued to shape the Earth, producing the major reservoirs that exist today (core, mantle, crust, oceans and atmosphere) and promoting their continued evolution. But key questions remain. When did the core form and how quickly? How are magmas produced in the mantle, and how rapidly do they travel towards the surface? How long do magmas reside in the crust, differentiating and interacting with the host rocks to yield the diverse set of igneous rocks we see today? How fast are volcanic gases such as carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere? This book addresses these and other questions by reviewing the latest advances in a wide range of Earth Science disciplines: from the measurement of short-lived radionuclides to the study of element diffusion in crystals and numerical modelling of magma behaviour. It will be invaluable reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as igneous petrologists, mineralogists and geochemists involved in the study of igneous rocks and processes.