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Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Maria Cristina Fossi,Cristina Panti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128122501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology: Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health provides tactics on how to develop a comprehensive methodology for the study of existing threats to marine mammals. By presenting a conservation-biology approach and new and emerging technologies, this work helps provide crucial knowledge on the status of marine mammal populations that not only helps readers understand the ecosystem’s health, but also instigate mitigation measures. This volume provides information that helps investigators unravel the relationships between exposure to environmental stressors (e.g., climate change, pollutants, marine litter, pathogens and biotoxins) and a range of endpoints in marine mammal species. The application of robust examination procedures and biochemical, immunological, and molecular techniques, combined with pathological examination and feeding ecology, has led to the development of health assessment methods at the individual and population levels in wild marine mammals. Provides a comprehensive, worldwide update and state of knowledge on current research and topics on marine mammal ecotoxicology Includes coverage of both new and emerging technologies Features a multidisciplinary approach that gives readers a broad, updated overview of the threats facing marine mammals and related conservation measures

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals Book
Author : Shore
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2001-04-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark book, which contains contributions from the world's foremost mammalian ecotoxicologists, is a truly impressive summary of research undertaken in this field in recent years. It is also the first book to draw such information together in a seamless and unified approach. In examining the exposure and effects of environmental contaminants in wild mammal populations, this book addresses four core questions: * What exactly do we know about environmental contaminants in wild mammals? * What are the commonalities and differences between mammal orders/species in the effects that contaminants have? * How and to what degree of accuracy can we predict the adverse effects of environmental contaminants on mammalian wildlife? * How significant are contaminant insults compared with other density-independent and -dependent factors such as habitat loss, climatic factors and disease? The key underlying scientific principles and issues raised by the team of international authors will have significance throughout the world, making this an invaluable book not only for all those studying the effects of environmental pollutants on mammals, but also on regulatory agencies, and those carrying out environmental impact assessment.

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals Book
Author : Giovanni Di Guardo,Michael F. Criscitiello,Eva Sierra,Sandro Mazzariol
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-21
ISBN : 2889632032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine mammals (MMs) are regarded as valuable bioindicators with tremendous potential for public health. However, many aspects of their immune system remain poorly understood. Monitoring immune responses of MMs is pivotal for the health assessment of both individuals and populations, as well as providing the scientific basis for analyzing the anthropogenic environmental impact on marine ecosystems and marine-terrestrial interphases. For instance, the increasing susceptibility of Mediterranean whale and dolphin populations to various diseases has been linked to a possible negative influence of multiple environmental factors on the immune system of MMs. The currently limited knowledge on MM immunology has mainly centered on: (i) lymphocyte transformation assays; (ii) natural killer cell activity; (iii) phagocytic activity and respiratory burst; (iv) humoral immune responses; (v) cytokines and (vi) acute phase immune responses. Therefore, further research is essential for deepening our understanding of the specificity of the host immune response in MMs, with a particular emphasis on the genesis and dynamics of (i) cytokine ‘networks’ or ‘signatures’; (ii) transcriptional regulation of immune cells and (iii) major immunomodulators. High-throughput molecular techniques, such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, may enable the characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. This integrative and holistic approach requires sophisticated tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and immunologically relevant molecules that orchestrate environmental adaptation and immune protection against pathogens in MMs. This Research Topic aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of MM immunology with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular level. We wish to encourage and coordinate studies and investigations in order to fill gaps of knowledge in this field. This article collection aims to help gain more data regarding: a) The characterization of the immune system in several species of MMs, i.e. cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians; b) The interplay between the host immune system and the most relevant pathogens, e.g., Morbillivirus, Brucella, Toxoplasma gondii and c) The possible interplay between the immune system and contaminants.

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis,Thiago Estevam Parente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 1315296365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an integrated discussion on ecotoxicology, containing both general concepts and specific ecotoxicological issues of major biological groups, extending beyond conventional systems. It explores worldwide, regional, and biocompartmentalized topics, bringing forth new points of view on global issues and addressing the increasing diversity and complexity of the ecotoxicological field. It also contains novel information on emerging contaminants, presents bioaccumulation effects on different levels of ecological organization and risk analyses, and discusses novel fields of methodological applications, including key aspects in ecotoxicological and environmental monitoring studies.

European Whales Dolphins and Porpoises

European Whales  Dolphins  and Porpoises Book
Author : Peter G. H. Evans
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 012819054X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

European Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises: Marine Mammal Conservation in Practice presents an intimate view of the workings of international conservation agreements to protect marine mammals, detailing achievements over the last 25 years, identifying weaknesses and making recommendations that governments, scientists, marine stakeholders and the public can take to improve conservation efforts. The book is written by an experienced marine mammal scientist and award-winning conservationist, providing a unique synthesis on their status, distribution and ecology. In addition, it presents information on various conservation threats, including fisheries by catch, contaminants, noise disturbance, plastic ingestion and climate change. This comprehensive resource will appeal to marine mammal conservationists and researchers, as well as environmental and wildlife practitioners at all levels. Offers an accessible review on how scientists study this challenging group of mammals to gather necessary evidence for conservation action Illustrates, with striking images, all recorded regional species, including distribution maps, key threats and specific research methods Includes contributions from leading scientists, conservationists, and members of government and international bodies, like IWC and UNEP

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms

Ecotoxicology of Marine Organisms Book
Author : Bernardo Duarte,Maria Isabel Violante Caçador
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-14
ISBN : 1351973231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive review of the most recent studies on the impact of contaminants on the marine environment. Conventional and new information, as well as the latest techniques, are presented, which can be applied to several types of marine organisms from bacteria and fungi to animals and algae. Specific topics discussed include the impact of different contaminants on different organisms as well as different approaches and their outcomes in terms of impact assessment. The integration of these techniques is also discussed in order to attain sentinel species and biomarkers to be applied for assessing ecological quality and impact assessment programs and studies.

Marine Mammals

Marine Mammals Book
Author : Peter G.H. Evans,Juan Antonio Raga
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461505291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interest in marine mammals has increased dramatically in the last few decades, as evidenced by the number of books, scientific papers, and conferences devoted to these animals. Nowadays, a conference on marine mammals can attract between one and two thousand scientists from around the world. This upsurge of interest has resulted in a body of knowledge which, in many cases, has identified major conservation problems facing particular species. At the same time, this knowledge and the associated activities of environmental organisations have served to introduce marine mammals to a receptive public, to the extent that they are now perceived by many as the living icons of biodiversity conservation. Much of the impetus for the current interest in marine mammal conservation comes from "Save the Whale" campaigns started in the 1960s by environmental groups around the world, in response to declining whale populations after over-exploitation by humans. This public pressure led to an international moratorium on whaling recommended in 1972 by the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, Sweden, and eventually adopted by the International Whaling Commission ten years later. This moratorium largely holds sway to this day, and further protective measures have included the delimitation of extensive areas of the Indian Ocean (1979) and Southern Ocean (1994) as whale sanctuaries.

Predicting Future Oceans

Predicting Future Oceans Book
Author : William Cheung,Yoshitaka Ota,Andres Cisneros-Montemayor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-17
ISBN : 0128179465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change provides a synthesis of our knowledge of the future state of the oceans. The editors undertake the challenge of integrating diverse perspectives—from oceanography to anthropology—to exhibit the changes in ecological conditions and their socioeconomic implications. Each contributing author provides a novel perspective, with the book as a whole collating scholarly understandings of future oceans and coastal communities across the world. The diverse perspectives, syntheses and state-of-the-art natural and social sciences contributions are led by past and current research fellows and principal investigators of the Nereus Program network. This includes members at 17 leading research institutes, addressing themes such as oceanography, biodiversity, fisheries, mariculture production, economics, pollution, public health and marine policy. This book is a comprehensive resource for senior undergraduate and postgraduate readers studying social and natural science, as well as practitioners working in the field of natural resources management and marine conservation. Provides a synthesis of our knowledge on the future state of the oceans Includes recommendations on how to move forwards Highlights key social aspects linked to ocean ecosystems, including health, equity and sovereignty

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Handbook of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition Book
Author : David J. Hoffman,Barnett A. Rattner,G. Allen Burton, Jr.,John Cairns, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-11-13
ISBN : 142003250X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 1439883122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each year ecotoxicological problems become increasingly complex and encompass broader spatial and temporal scales. Our practical understanding must evolve accordingly to maintain an acceptable quality of life. Fully revised and expanded to reflect new developments, the third edition of Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology provides a broad overview of the

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition Book
Author : Michael C. Newman,Michael A. Unger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-12-26
ISBN : 9781566705981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and updated, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition presents a treatment of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global perspectives. The authors focus first on lower levels of organization and then extend their discussion to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, imparting a perspective as broad as the the problems facing practicing professionals. See what's new in this edition: A comprehensive chapter on the nature, transport, and fate of major classes of contaminants in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems Side bars containing vignettes by leaders in the field let you benefit from the experience of diverse practitioners in the field An appendix covering European environmental regulations The authors detail key contaminants of concern, explore their fate and cycling in the biosphere, and discuss bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. They cover regulatory aspects of the field in separate chapters that address the technical issues of risk assessment and discuss key U.S. and European legislation in the appendices. Complete with study questions, a detailed glossary, and vignettes by various experts exploring special topics in ecotoxicology, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition is an ideal introductory textbook for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a valuable reference for professionals.

CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine

CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine Book
Author : Frances M.D. Gulland,Leslie A. Dierauf,Karyl L. Whitman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 1351384163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AAP Prose Award Finalist 2018/19 Key features: Covers all aspects of marine mammal veterinary practice Written by internationally acknowledged experts Adds new chapters on Ophthalmology, Dentistry, Ethics, Oil Spill Response, Health Assessments, Whale Entanglement Response, Dive Response, and Biotoxins Richly illustrated in color throughout the new edition including updated anatomical drawings and extensive photographs of ocular lesions Provides guidance to websites that regularly present updated information and images pertinent to current marine mammal medicine such as imaging and stranding network contacts Discusses ethics and animal welfare For three decades, this book has been acknowledged as the most respected scientific reference specifically devoted to marine mammal medicine and health. Written by approximately 100 contributors who are recognized globally as leaders in their respective fields, the CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Third Edition continues to serve as the essential guide for all practitioners involved with marine mammals including veterinarians, technicians, biological researchers, students, managers, keepers, curators, and trainers. The 45 chapters provide essential information for the practitioner on pathology, infectious diseases, medical treatment, anesthesia, surgery, husbandry, health assessment, species-specific medicine, medically pertinent anatomy and physiology, and global health concerns such as strandings, oil spills, and entanglements of marine mammals. The book guides the reader through the veterinary care of cetaceans, pinnipeds, manatees, sea otters, and polar bears. In addition to summaries of current knowledge, chapters provide information on those digital resources and websites which present the latest information as it emerges in the field. The CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Third Edition gives a call to action for scientists to experiment with new endeavors to engage and inspire current and future generations to care for marine mammals and the marine environment, and work together to find solutions. As the most trusted reference for marine mammal conservation medicine and for marine mammal medical facilities around the world, this book needs to be in your library.

The Mediterranean Sea in the Era of Global Change 2

The Mediterranean Sea in the Era of Global Change 2 Book
Author : Christophe Migon,Paul Nival,Antoine Sciandra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-19
ISBN : 1119704820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to its particular characteristics, the Mediterranean Sea is often viewed as a microcosm of the World Ocean. Its proportionally-reduced dimensions and peculiar hydrological circulation render it susceptible to environmental and climatic constraints, which are rapidly evolving. The Mediterranean is therefore an ideal site to examine, in order to better understand a number of key oceanographic phenomena. This is especially true of the Ligurian Sea where, due to its geology, oceanic conditions are found close to the coast. As such, 30 years ago, an offshore time-series site provided a fresh impetus to a long history of marine biology research, which has generated a very important body of data and knowledge. This is the second volume, in a two-volume series, that summarizes this research. Across these two books, the reader will find 13 chapters that examine the geology, physics, chemistry and biology of the Ligurian Sea ? always with the goal of providing key elements of oceanography in a changing world.

Marine Mammals

Marine Mammals Book
Author : Nicholas Gales,Nick Gales,Mark Hindell,Roger Kirkwood
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780643069534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings together contributions from 68 leading scientists from 12 countries to provide an up-to-date review on the way we manage our interactions with whales, dolphins, seals and dugongs.

CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine

CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine Book
Author : Leslie Dierauf,Frances M.D. Gulland
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-06-27
ISBN : 1420041630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Second Edition is the only handbook specifically devoted to marine mammal medicine and health. With 66 contributors working together to craft 45 scientifically-based chapters, the text has been completely revised and updated to contain all the latest developments in this field. Building upon the solid foundation of the previous edition, the contents of this book are light-years ahead of the topics presented in the first edition. See what's new in the Second Edition: Marine mammals as sentinels of ocean health Emerging and resurging diseases Thorough revision of the Immunology chapter Diagnostic imaging chapters to illustrate new techniques Quick reference for venipuncture sites in many marine mammals Unusual mortality events and mass strandings New topics such as a chapter on careers Wider scope of coverage including species outside of the United States and Canada Filled with captivating illustrations and photographs, the Handbook guides you through the natural history of cetaceans, pinnipeds, manatees, sea otters, and polar bears. Prepared in a convenient, easy-to-use format, it is designed specifically for use in the field. Covering more than 40 topics, this one-of-a-kind reference is packed with data. The comprehensive compilation of information includes medicine, surgery, pathology, physiology, husbandry, feeding and housing, with special attention to strandings and rehabilitation. The CRC Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine, Second Edition is still a must for anyone interested in marine mammals.

Biology of Marine Mammals

Biology of Marine Mammals Book
Author : John E. Reynolds
Publisher : Smithsonian Institution
Release : 2013-08-06
ISBN : 1588344207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an integrated approach to the biology of marine carnivores, cetaceans, and sirenians, twenty-two prominent researchers compare marine mammals with one another and with terrestrial mammals, providing a framework for fundamental biological and ecological concepts. They describe functional morphology, sensory systems, energetics, reproduction, communication and cognition, behavior, distribution, population biology, and feeding ecology. They also detail the physiological adaptations—for such activities and processes as diving, thermo-regulation, osmoregulation, and orientation—that enable marine mammals to exploit their aquatic environment.

Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program

Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Conservation Physiology

Conservation Physiology Book
Author : Christine L. Madliger,Craig E. Franklin,Oliver P. Love,Steven J. Cooke
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0198843615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This novel textbook provides the first consolidated overview of the scope, purpose, and applications of conservation physiology with a focus on wildlife. It outlines the major avenues and advances by which the field is contributing to the monitoring, management, and restoration of wild animal populations.

Organic Pollutants

Organic Pollutants Book
Author : M. Vasanthy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-08
ISBN : 3030724417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Organic Pollutants book written by M. Vasanthy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Marine Mammal Research

Marine Mammal Research Book
Author : Timothy J. Ragen
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2005-11-18
ISBN : 9780801882555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine mammal conservation presents a number of challenges for scientists. This work presents an argument about how science, if conducted properly, can provide insights needed to minimise crisis management and implement more anticipatory action.