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Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

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Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Maria Cristina Fossi,Cristina Panti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128122501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology: Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health provides tactics on how to develop a comprehensive methodology for the study of existing threats to marine mammals. By presenting a conservation-biology approach and new and emerging technologies, this work helps provide crucial knowledge on the status of marine mammal populations that not only helps readers understand the ecosystem’s health, but also instigate mitigation measures. This volume provides information that helps investigators unravel the relationships between exposure to environmental stressors (e.g., climate change, pollutants, marine litter, pathogens and biotoxins) and a range of endpoints in marine mammal species. The application of robust examination procedures and biochemical, immunological, and molecular techniques, combined with pathological examination and feeding ecology, has led to the development of health assessment methods at the individual and population levels in wild marine mammals. Provides a comprehensive, worldwide update and state of knowledge on current research and topics on marine mammal ecotoxicology Includes coverage of both new and emerging technologies Features a multidisciplinary approach that gives readers a broad, updated overview of the threats facing marine mammals and related conservation measures

Biology of Marine Mammals

Biology of Marine Mammals Book
Author : John E. Reynolds
Publisher : Smithsonian
Release : 2007-08-01
ISBN : 1588342506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an integrated approach to the biology of marine carnivores, cetaceans, and sirenians, twenty-two prominent researchers compare marine mammals with one another and with terrestrial mammals, providing a framework for fundamental biological and ecological concepts. They describe functional morphology, sensory systems, energetics, reproduction, communication and cognition, behavior, distribution, population biology, and feeding ecology. They also detail the physiological adaptations—for such activities and processes as diving, thermo-regulation, osmoregulation, and orientation—that enable marine mammals to exploit their aquatic environment.

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals Book
Author : Giovanni Di Guardo,Michael F. Criscitiello,Eva Sierra,Sandro Mazzariol
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-21
ISBN : 2889632032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine mammals (MMs) are regarded as valuable bioindicators with tremendous potential for public health. However, many aspects of their immune system remain poorly understood. Monitoring immune responses of MMs is pivotal for the health assessment of both individuals and populations, as well as providing the scientific basis for analyzing the anthropogenic environmental impact on marine ecosystems and marine-terrestrial interphases. For instance, the increasing susceptibility of Mediterranean whale and dolphin populations to various diseases has been linked to a possible negative influence of multiple environmental factors on the immune system of MMs. The currently limited knowledge on MM immunology has mainly centered on: (i) lymphocyte transformation assays; (ii) natural killer cell activity; (iii) phagocytic activity and respiratory burst; (iv) humoral immune responses; (v) cytokines and (vi) acute phase immune responses. Therefore, further research is essential for deepening our understanding of the specificity of the host immune response in MMs, with a particular emphasis on the genesis and dynamics of (i) cytokine ‘networks’ or ‘signatures’; (ii) transcriptional regulation of immune cells and (iii) major immunomodulators. High-throughput molecular techniques, such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, may enable the characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. This integrative and holistic approach requires sophisticated tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and immunologically relevant molecules that orchestrate environmental adaptation and immune protection against pathogens in MMs. This Research Topic aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of MM immunology with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular level. We wish to encourage and coordinate studies and investigations in order to fill gaps of knowledge in this field. This article collection aims to help gain more data regarding: a) The characterization of the immune system in several species of MMs, i.e. cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians; b) The interplay between the host immune system and the most relevant pathogens, e.g., Morbillivirus, Brucella, Toxoplasma gondii and c) The possible interplay between the immune system and contaminants.

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis,Thiago Estevam Parente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 1315296365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an integrated discussion on ecotoxicology, containing both general concepts and specific ecotoxicological issues of major biological groups, extending beyond conventional systems. It explores worldwide, regional, and biocompartmentalized topics, bringing forth new points of view on global issues and addressing the increasing diversity and complexity of the ecotoxicological field. It also contains novel information on emerging contaminants, presents bioaccumulation effects on different levels of ecological organization and risk analyses, and discusses novel fields of methodological applications, including key aspects in ecotoxicological and environmental monitoring studies.

13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals

13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Ecotoxicology

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : David J. Hoffman,John Cairns, Jr.,G. Allen Burton, Jr.,Barnett A. Rattner,John Cairns
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the following general areas of ecotoxicology: -- Methods of quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects-- Effects of environmental contaminants and other ecological perturbations-- Case histories involving environmental contaminant disruption of natural ecosystems-- Methods used for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies

Principles of Ecotoxicology

Principles of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : C.H. Walker,R.M. Sibly,D.B. Peakall,Steve P. Hopkin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-04-11
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This integrated and advanced textbook identifies the basic principles of ecotoxicology. It provides examples of organic and inorganic pollutants in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems.

Marine Mammals and Persistent Ocean Contaminants

Marine Mammals and Persistent Ocean Contaminants Book
Author : United States. Marine Mammal Commission
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Marine Mammals and Persistent Ocean Contaminants book written by United States. Marine Mammal Commission, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Heavy Metals in the Environment Athens September 1985

Heavy Metals in the Environment  Athens  September 1985 Book
Author : T. D.. Lekkas
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heavy Metals in the Environment Athens September 1985 book written by T. D.. Lekkas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals

Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals Book
Author : Richard A. Shore,Shore
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2001-04-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark book, which contains contributions from the world's foremost mammalian ecotoxicologists, is a truly impressive summary of research undertaken in this field in recent years. It is also the first book to draw such information together in a seamless and unified approach. In examining the exposure and effects of environmental contaminants in wild mammal populations, this book addresses four core questions: * What exactly do we know about environmental contaminants in wild mammals? * What are the commonalities and differences between mammal orders/species in the effects that contaminants have? * How and to what degree of accuracy can we predict the adverse effects of environmental contaminants on mammalian wildlife? * How significant are contaminant insults compared with other density-independent and -dependent factors such as habitat loss, climatic factors and disease? The key underlying scientific principles and issues raised by the team of international authors will have significance throughout the world, making this an invaluable book not only for all those studying the effects of environmental pollutants on mammals, but also on regulatory agencies, and those carrying out environmental impact assessment.

The science of the total environment

The science of the total environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The science of the total environment book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez

Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez Book
Author : Dennis McAllister,Kenneth W. Pitcher,Elizabeth Hacker Sinclair,Terry R. Spraker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The oil spill disaster that occurred when the Exxon Valdez ran aground has become part of the iconography of ecological disaster. This book synthesizes previously confidential data only recently released by the U.S. government. The data concerns the effects of this nightmarish spill on marine mammals, such as sea otters, harbor seals, killer whales, and humpback whales. Because many of the book's contributors were on site within 24 hours of this 11 million gallon catastrophe, the book is a unique longitudinal study of the demise of an ecosystem due to a single acute environmental perturbation.These certain-to-be-influential results reported here should assist marine biologists, pathologists, toxicologists, environmentalists, engineers, and coastal planners in assessing the nature of this now legendary disaster.

Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals

Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals Book
Author : SETAC (Society),SETAC Foundation for Environmental Education
Publisher : S E T A C Foundation for
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objectives of the July 1994 workshop were to assess and characterize risk of organochlorines to the environment, to identify risk management options, and to develop strategies that address ecotoxicological problems. Topics discussed include sources, uses, and history of chlorine; distribution, transport, and transformation of organochlorine compounds; bioaccumulation and metabolism; modeling the fate and transport of compounds; effects on organisms; and risk management. Also included are appendices which provide case studies of trends in Canada, Sweden, and the United States. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Ecotoxicology and Climate

Ecotoxicology and Climate Book
Author : Philippe Bourdeau,John A. Haines,Werner Klein,C. R. Krishna Murti
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release : 1989-04-19
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication is based primarily on a workshop held at the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology in Schmallenberg-Grafschaft, Federal Republic of Germany, in July 1985. The thirteen papers and eight case studies in this collection examine the ecotoxicological principles applicable to climatic conditions found in regions other than the temperate zones. Presents data from the tropical, arid, sub-polar, and high mountain regions on the fate of environmental chemicals and the response of ecosystems to chemical stress. They also point the way to future research and monitoring.

ECOTOXICITY MARINE ENVIRON CL

ECOTOXICITY MARINE ENVIRON CL Book
Author : Philip David Abel,P. D. Abel,Victor Axiak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a guide to the principles and practices of the measurement of pollutant toxicity to marine organisms, and to the application of toxicological data in marine pollution control.

Population Biology of the Indo Pacific Hump backed Dolphin in Hong Kong Waters

Population Biology of the Indo Pacific Hump backed Dolphin in Hong Kong Waters Book
Author : Thomas A. Jefferson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Population Biology of the Indo Pacific Hump backed Dolphin in Hong Kong Waters book written by Thomas A. Jefferson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pollutants and Their Ecotoxicological Significance

Pollutants and Their Ecotoxicological Significance Book
Author : J. Vigneron
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers the major organic and inorganic chemical pollutants which have ecotoxicological significance in the atmospheric, aquatic, terrestrial and human environments. Major ecochemical aspects of the pollutants are covered with respect to their fate, behaviour, transfer and pathways as functions of the important general and specific parameters of the various types of ecosystem. Aspects of ecotoxicology, including ecogenetics, are also considered. The book is the result of collaboration between leading experts in the field, each topic including a discussion of the methodology used in approaching problems, supported by reference to case studies or findings. Significant analytical aspects are also covered with a view to guiding the reader in obtaining relevant and reliable data, and discussion on regulatory topics and on industry and the environmental challenge is included.