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Managing Ocean Environments In A Changing Climate

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Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Kevin J. Noone,Ussif Rashid Sumaila,Robert J. Diaz
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 0124076610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

From an Antagonistic to a Synergistic Predator Prey Perspective

From an Antagonistic to a Synergistic Predator Prey Perspective Book
Author : Tore Johannessen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-04-28
ISBN : 9780124170162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From an Antagonistic to a Synergistic Predator Prey Perspective: Bifurcations in Marine Ecosystems is a groundbreaking reference that challenges the widespread perception that predators generally have a negative impact on the abundance of their prey, and it proposes a novel paradigm - Predator-prey Synergism - in which both predator and prey enhance abundance by their co-existence. Using this model, the text explains a number of issues that appear paradoxical in the case of a negative predator-prey relationship, including observed ecosystem bifurcations (regime shifts), ecosystem resilience, red tides in apparently nutrient depleted water, and the dominance of grazed phytoplankton over non-grazed species under high grazing pressure. This novel paradigm can also be used to predict the potential impact of global warming on marine ecosystems, identify how marine ecosystem may respond to gradual environmental changes, and develop possible measures to mitigate the negative impact of increasing temperature in marine ecosystems. This book approaches the long-standing question of what generates recruitment variability in marine fishes and invertebrates in an engaging and unique way that students and researchers in marine ecosystems will understand. Introduces a new paradigm, Predator-prey Synergism, as a building block on which to construct new ecological theories. It suggests that Predator-prey Synergism is important in some terrestrial ecosystems and is in agreement with the punctuated equilibria theory of evolution (i.e., stepwise evolution). Suggests a general solution to the recruitment puzzle in marine organisms Proposes a holistic hypothesis for marine spring blooming ecosystems by considering variability enhancing and variability dampening processes Asserts that fisheries will induce variability in marine ecosystems and alter the energy flow patterns in predictable ways

Stressors in the Marine Environment

Stressors in the Marine Environment Book
Author : Reader in Ocean and Earth Science Martin Solan,Nia Whiteley,Senior Lecturer in the School of Biological Sciences Nia Whiteley
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0198718829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A multitude of direct and indirect human influences have significantly altered the environmental conditions, composition, and diversity of marine communities. However, understanding and predicting the combined impacts of single and multiple stressors is particularly challenging because observed ecological feedbacks are underpinned by a number of physiological and behavioural responses that reflect stressor type, severity, and timing. Furthermore, integration between the traditional domains of physiology and ecology tends to be fragmented and focused towards the effects of a specific stressor or set of circumstances. This novel volume summarises the latest research in the physiological and ecological responses of marine species to a comprehensive range of marine stressors, including chemical and noise pollution, ocean acidification, hypoxia, UV radiation, thermal and salinity stress before providing a perspective on future outcomes for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today. Stressors in the Marine Environment synthesises the combined expertise of a range of international researchers, providing a truly interdisciplinary and accessible summary of the field. It is essential reading for graduate students as well as professional researchers in environmental physiology, ecology, marine biology, conservation biology, and marine resource management. It will also be of particular relevance and use to the regulatory agencies and authorities tasked with managing the marine environment, including social scientists and environmental economists.

Climate Change and Marine and Freshwater Toxins

Climate Change and Marine and Freshwater Toxins Book
Author : Luis M. Botana,M. Carmen Louzao,Natalia Vilarino
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 3110625733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasingly widespread production of toxins by marine and freshwater microalgae raises serious concerns regarding seafood and drinking water safety. This book compiles studies on the influence of climate change on the spreading of toxin-producing species in aquatic systems. The chemistry and biology of toxin production is revised and an outlook on control and prevention of the toxins' impact on human and animal health is given.

Science and the Global Environment

Science and the Global Environment Book
Author : Alan McIntosh,Jennifer Pontius
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-03
ISBN : 0128018089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Case Studies for Integrating Science and the Global Environment is designed to help students of the environment and natural resources make the connections between their training in science and math and today’s complex environmental issues. The book provides an opportunity for students to apply important skills, knowledge, and analytical tools to understand, evaluate, and propose solutions to today’s critical environmental issues. The heart of the book includes four major content areas: water resources; the atmosphere and air quality; ecosystem alteration; and global resources and human needs. Each of these sections features in-depth case studies covering a range of issues for each resource, offering rich opportunities to teach how various scientific disciplines help inform the issue at hand. Case studies provide readers with experience in interpreting real data sets and considering alternate explanations for trends shown by the data. This book helps prepare students for careers that require collaboration with stakeholders and co-workers from various disciplines. Includes global case studies using real data sets that allow readers to practice interpreting data and evaluating alternative explanations Focuses on critical skills and knowledge, encouraging readers to apply science and math to real world problems Employs a system-based approach, linking air, water, and land resources to help readers understand that cause-effect may be complex and solutions to environmental problems require multiple perspectives Includes special features such as links to video clips of scientists at work, boxed information, a solutions section at the end of each case study, and practice exercises

The Ocean Economy in 2030

The Ocean Economy in 2030 Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 9264251723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries.

The Ocean Economy in 2030

The Ocean Economy in 2030 Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2017-07-15
ISBN : 1780408919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries in light of their high growth and innovation potential, and contribution to addressing challenges such as energy security, environment, climate change and food security.The report examines the risks and uncertainties surrounding the future development of ocean industries, the innovations required in science and technology to support their progress, their potential contribution to green growth and some of the implications for ocean management. Finally, and looking across the future ocean economy as a whole, it explores possible avenues for action that could boost its long-term development prospects while managing the use of the ocean itself in responsible, sustainable ways. This book belongs to the OECD Report Series

Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society

Building a Climate Resilient Economy and Society Book
Author : K.N. Ninan,Makoto Inoue
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2017-06-30
ISBN : 1785368451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change will have a profound impact on human and natural systems, and will also impede economic growth and sustainable development. In this book, leading experts from around the world discuss the challenges and opportunities in building a climate resilient economy and society. The chapters are organised in three sections. The first part explores vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, whilst Part II examines climate resilience-sectoral perspectives covering different sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, marine ecosystems, cities and urban infrastructure, drought prone areas, and renewable energy. In the final part, the authors look at Incentives, institutions and policy, including topics such as carbon pricing, REDD plus, climate finance, the role of institutions and communities, and climate policies. Combining a global focus with detailed case studies of a cross section of regions, countries and sectors, this book will prove to be an invaluable resource.

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Barbara Zanuttigh,Robert J. Nicholls,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Richard C. Thompson,Hans Falk Burcharth
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 0123973317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located. Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Managing Risks and Uncertainty Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 9264307435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality).

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change Book
Author : Suruchi Singh,Pardeep Singh,S. Rangabhashiyam,K.K. Srivastava
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 0128230975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Climate Change presents both practical and theoretical aspects of global climate change from across geological periods. It addresses holistic issues related to climate change and its contribution in triggering the temperature increase with a multitude of impacts on natural processes. As a result, it helps to identify the gaps between policies that have been put in place and the continuously increasing emissions. The challenges presented include habitability, biodiversity, natural resources, and human health. It is organized into information on the past, present, and future of climate change to lead to a more complete understanding and therefore effective solutions. Placing an emphasis on recent climate change research, Global Climate Change helps to bring researchers and graduate students in climate science, environmental science, and sustainability up to date on the science of climate change so far and presents a baseline for how to move into the future effectively. Addresses the variety of challenges associated with climate change, along with possible solutions Includes suggestions for future research on climate change Covers climate change holistically, including global and regional scales, ecosystems, agriculture, energy, and sustainability Presents both practical and theoretical research, including coverage of climate change over various geological periods

The Law of the Sea

The Law of the Sea Book
Author : Office of Legal Affairs
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 9210478940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compiled by the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, this bibliography covers 20 subject categories based on the major topics of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea. It is intended for the use of those interested in ocean affairs and the law of the sea matters in general and in the UN Convention on the Law in the Sea.

Ocean Sustainability in the 21st Century

Ocean Sustainability in the 21st Century Book
Author : Salvatore Aricò
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-04-02
ISBN : 1316300773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describing the emerging and unresolved issues related to the oceans and the marine environment, this book presents the developments made in marine science and policy since the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and implications for the sustainable management of ocean areas and resources. This comprehensive volume also provides a number of scientific, policy, and legal tools to address such issues, and to ensure better science-based management of the oceans. Topics covered include the impacts of human-induced climate change on the oceans, the marine genetic resources debate, the current legal framework for the oceans, and a comparative study of the legal issues associated with outer space. Including practical examples and worldwide case studies, this book is a valuable resource for policy makers, students and academics, in marine science and policy, ocean affairs, and the law of the sea.

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Book
Author : Collectif
Publisher : OECD
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 9264309217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality). The report also examines the uncertainty associated with the ability of nitrogen to move from one ecosystem to another and cause "cascading effects". In addition to better management of nitrogen risks at the local level, there is a need to consider the global risks associated with the continued increase in nitrous oxide concentrations and to prevent excess nitrogen in all its forms by developing cost-effective strategies for all its sources. Other than the reduction of nitrogen pollution, this report provides guidance on the use of nitrogen policy instruments and how to ensure coherence with objectives such as food security, energy security and environmental objectives.

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle

Human Acceleration of the Nitrogen Cycle Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 1789060435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication examines the risks associated with the release of excessive nitrogen into the environment (climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, air pollution, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, deterioration of soil quality). The report also examines the uncertainty associated with the ability of nitrogen to move from one ecosystem to another and cause "cascading effects". In addition to better management of nitrogen risks at the local level, there is a need to consider the global risks associated with the continued increase in nitrous oxide concentrations and to prevent excess nitrogen in all its forms by developing cost-effective strategies for all its sources. Other than the reduction of nitrogen pollution, this report provides guidance on the use of nitrogen policy instruments and how to ensure coherence with objectives such as food security, energy security and environmental objectives.

The Dictionary of Physical Geography

The Dictionary of Physical Geography Book
Author : David S. G. Thomas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-28
ISBN : 1118782313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fully-revised comprehensive fourth edition covers the whole field of physical geography including climate and atmosphere, geomorphology, biogeography, hydrology, oceans, Quaternary, environmental change, soils, remote sensing and GIS. This new edition reflects developments in the discipline during the last decade, with the expert advisory group providing an international perspective on the discipline of physical geography. Over 2000 entries that are self-contained or cross-referenced include 200 that are new to this edition, over 400 that are rewritten and updated, and new supporting references and additional recommended reading in many others. Entries removed from the last edition are available in the online resource. This volume is the essential reference point for students of physical geography and related environmental disciplines, lecturers and interested individuals alike.

Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate

Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Roger Griffis,Jennifer Howard
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2013-10-24
ISBN : 9781597264228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate is the result of a collaboration among numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change on the oceans and marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction.

Coastal and Deep Ocean Pollution

Coastal and Deep Ocean Pollution Book
Author : Andres Hugo Arias,Sandra Elizabeth Botte
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-23
ISBN : 135133753X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the recent decades, social, political and academic endeavours have been made to improve environmental quality and reduce pollution. In particular, the ocean, sea and coastal areas show varying degrees of impact from the multiple human activities carried out in the terrestrial as well as in the aquatic environment. Ecology is a science which studies the relationship between organisms and the surrounding environment and in the modern era, the marine world is getting increasing attention. For centuries it has been the final reservoir of human garbage; later it became an oil farm with a concomitant increase of coastal population growth and unplanned growth of the fishing industry and the increasing use of sea routes for cargo transport and recreational uses (cruises). All this led to rising contamination with negative effects on biota and even human health. It is then imperative to know the current situation of the world's oceans: that is the main purpose of this book, to document at a glance the latest research in the field of ocean pollution.

The Art of War in an Age of Peace

The Art of War in an Age of Peace Book
Author : Michael O'Hanlon
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2021-05-25
ISBN : 0300258631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An informed modern plan for post-2020 American foreign policy that avoids the opposing dangers of retrenchment and overextension Russia and China are both believed to have “grand strategies”—detailed sets of national security goals backed by means, and plans, to pursue them. In the United States, policy makers have tried to articulate similar concepts but have failed to reach a widespread consensus since the Cold War ended. While the United States has been the world’s prominent superpower for over a generation, much American thinking has oscillated between the extremes of isolationist agendas versus interventionist and overly assertive ones. Drawing on historical precedents and weighing issues such as Russia’s resurgence, China’s great rise, North Korea’s nuclear machinations, and Middle East turmoil, Michael O’Hanlon presents a well-researched, ethically sound, and politically viable vision for American national security policy. He also proposes complementing the Pentagon’s set of “4+1” pre-existing threats with a new “4+1”: biological, nuclear, digital, climatic, and internal dangers.

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Barbara Zanuttigh,Robert Nicholls,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Hans Falk Burcharth,Richard Thompson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 9780123973108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located. Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation