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Managing Information In Complex Organizations

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Managing Information in Complex Organizations

Managing Information in Complex Organizations Book
Author : Kevin C. Desouza,Tobin Hensgen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-04-08
ISBN : 1317465539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This seminal work presents an effective design for processing information through five stages from data to actionable knowledge in order to influence behavior within organizations. The authors incorporate such concepts as evolution, semiotics, entropy, complexity, emergence, crisis, and chaos theory in an intriguing alternative to crisis management that can be applied to any organization. Their model shows how to evaluate and share information to enable the organization to avoid disaster rather than simply respond to it. Additionally, the text presents the first attempt at a multi-disciplinary view of information processing in organizations by tying associated disciplines to their respective impacts on the information process. Illustrations used in the text include an overlay that demonstrates how the non-use of information between agencies contributed to the 9/11 disaster, and an appendix addresses Organizing for Cyberterrorism.

Organizations as Complex Systems

Organizations as Complex Systems Book
Author : Maurice Yolles
Publisher : IAP
Release : 2006-09-01
ISBN : 1607528088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing the Complex is an ambitious title - and it would be an audacious one if we were not to begin with a frank admission: to date few to none of us have a skill set which includes managing the complex. We try various things, we write about others, and we wonder about still others. When a tool, perspective, or technique comes along which seems to evoke success, we emulate it probe it and recoil at the all too often admission that it was situation and context which afforded success its opportunity, and not some quality intrinsic to the tool perspective or technique. Indeed, if the study of complexity has done anything for managers, and for those who espouse managerial theory, it is in providing a ‘scientific foundation’ for the notion that context matters. Those who preach abstract ideas have then to reconcile themselves to the notion that situation and embodiment matters. Those who believe in strong causality and determinism are left to wrestle with the role of chance, uncertainty, and chaos. Those who prefer to argue that men move history are confronted with the role of environment and affordances, while those who argue the reverse are left to contend with charisma, irrationality of crowds, and the strange qualities we know as emotions. A series on complex systems has less ambitious goals to contend with than this. Such a series can deal with classifications, and categories, and speak of ‘noise’ as if it were not the central focus of the problem. Managing the complex is about managing ‘noise’ or perhaps we should say it is about ‘dealing with’ ‘accepting’ ‘making room for’ and ‘learning from’ ‘noise’. The articles in this volume and in volumes to come will each be considered as ‘noise’ by some and as ‘gems’ by others, but we hope that practicing managers and academics alike will find plenty of fuel to drive their personal explorations into understanding, and perhaps even managing, the complex.

The Information Processing Theory of Organization

The Information Processing Theory of Organization Book
Author : John L. Kmetz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 0429780834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1998, revised in 2021, this volume develops and tests an information-processing model of organization, within the context of the accession of a new generation of a production technology. The model conceptualizes organizations as systems which accomplish their objectives through the processing of information. The book begins with the conceptual basis of the theory, developing the fundamental concepts of information, information processing, and technology. The accession of an automatic avionics tester during the 1970s and 1980s is the change in production technology used to test the theory. The theory is tested by mapping and analysing performance with a three-wave longitudinal field experiment and objective performance measures in the workflow of a very complex system, the U.S. Navy’s avionics maintenance organization. The information processing capacity of the system is shown to be the primary determinant of system performance, with or without the use of information technology. Additional support for the theory comes from newer test and information technologies deployed in the 1980s and 1990s. Implications of this theory for current generations of test technology are provided in the final chapters, along with further development of the theory and its general application to many types of organizations.

Complex Responsive Processes in Organizations

Complex Responsive Processes in Organizations Book
Author : Ralph Stacey
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-09-02
ISBN : 113453518X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past decade has seen increasing focus on the importance of information and knowledge in economic and social processes, the so-called 'knowledge economy'. This is reflected in the popularity amongst practicing managers and organizational theorists of notions of learning, sense-making, knowledge creation, knowledge management and intellectual capital in organizations and more recently, of emotional intelligence as an important management skill. This insightful book: argues that the information processing view of knowledge creation held by systems thinkers is no longer tenable develops the alternative perspective of Complex Responsive Processes of relating, drawing on the complexity sciences as a source for analogies with human action places self-organizing interaction at the centre of the knowledge creating process in organizations. Learning and knowledge creation are seen as qualitative processes of power relating that are emotional as well as intellectual, creative as well as destructive, enabling as well as constraining, and the result is a radical questioning of the belief that organizational knowledge is essentially codified and centralized. Instead, organizational knowledge is understood to be in the relationships between people in an organization and has to do with the qualities of those relationships.

Radical Decision Making Leading Strategic Change in Complex Organizations

Radical Decision Making  Leading Strategic Change in Complex Organizations Book
Author : D. Hruška
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-12
ISBN : 1137492317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radical Decision Making offers a controversial new framework to the conventional strategic change management conversation. While many approaches provide a discussion on a singular level, Dr. Hruška blends theory and research of decision making and social interaction to develop a consistent framework of strategic change.

Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture Strategies for Effective Knowledge Management and Performance

Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture Strategies for Effective Knowledge Management and Performance Book
Author : Tessier, Dana
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 1799874249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organizations are facing major disruptions in technology, consumer preferences, and in the makeup of their workforce, and as a result, they will need to adapt to these rapidly changing times to stay effective. Organizations that are able to tap into the collective knowledge of their employees and leverage their insights will have an advantage over those that lack this connectivity. Implementing a knowledge management (KM) strategy can help organizations improve operational effectiveness, innovation, and adapt to changes, but the majority of KM implementations fail due to misalignment with the organization's existing culture. Organizational culture can enable effective KM, or it can be a barrier to its implementation. The Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture Strategies for Effective Knowledge Management and Performance defines the relationship between organizational culture and knowledge management and how they impact one another. This handbook also identifies critical business practices to assist organizations in transitioning to work from home while maintaining a strong corporate culture that includes beneficial knowledge-sharing behaviors. Covering topics including knowledge management, organizational culture, and change management, this text is essential for managers, executives, practitioners, leaders in business, non-profits, academicians, researchers, and students looking for research on how organizations can thrive and adapt due to emerging global disruptions as well as local or internal disruptions.

Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations

Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations Book
Author : Corstianus de Wijs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9789090083124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations book written by Corstianus de Wijs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Information Management for the Intelligent Organization

Information Management for the Intelligent Organization Book
Author : Chun Wei Choo
Publisher : Information Today, Inc.
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781573871259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information is the organisation's strategic resource, yet much of the information that an organisation recieves, is nuance and innuendo; more of a potential that a prescription for action. This book will help you gain an understanding of how an organisation may manage its information processes more effectively in order to increase its capacity to learn and adapt.

Complex Knowledge

Complex Knowledge Book
Author : Haridimos Tsoukas
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0199275572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In this book Haridimos Tsoukas examines the nature of knowledge in organizations, and how individuals and scholars approach the concept of knowledge"--Provided by publisher.

Understanding Organizations in Complex Emergent and Uncertain Environments

Understanding Organizations in Complex  Emergent and Uncertain Environments Book
Author : Anabella Davila,Marta Elvira,Jacobo Ramirez,Laura Zapata-Cantu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-07
ISBN : 1137026081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the concept of complexity and analyses how organizational governance can contribute to environmental sustainability. A common theme in these chapters is that organizations actively engage with their environments. Consequently, organizational responses are partly the result of iterative processes with the environment.

Strategic Information Management

Strategic Information Management Book
Author : Robert D. Galliers,Dorothy E Leidner
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136363149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Strategic Information Management' has been completely up-dated to reflect the rapid changes in IT and the business environment since the publication of the second edition. Half of the readings in the book have been replaced to address current issues and the latest thinking in Information Management. It goes without saying that Information technology has had a major impact on individuals, organizations and society over the past 50 years or so. There are few organizations that can afford to ignore IT and few individuals who would prefer to be without it. As managerial tasks become more complex, so the nature of the required information systems (IS) changes - from structured, routine support to ad hoc, unstructured, complex enquiries at the highest levels of management. As with the first and second editions, this third edition of 'Strategic Information Management: Challenges and strategies in managing information systems' aims to present the many complex and inter-related issues associated with the management of information systems. The book provides a rich source of material reflecting recent thinking on the key issues facing executives in information systems management. It draws from a wide range of contemporary articles written by leading experts from North America and Europe. 'Strategic Information Management' is designed as a course text for MBA, Master's level students and senior undergraduate students taking courses in information management. It provides a wealth of information and references for researchers in addition.

Managing Complex Governance Systems

Managing Complex Governance Systems Book
Author : Geert Teisman,Arwin van Buuren,Lasse M. Gerrits
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2009-07-28
ISBN : 1135235287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in public management sciences have long indicated the empirical finding that the normal state of public management systems is complex and that its dynamics are non-linear. Complex systems are subject to system pressures, system shocks, chance events, path-dependency and self-organisation. Arguing that complexity is an ever-present characteristic of our developed societies and governance systems that should be accepted, understood and adopted into management strategies, the original essays collected in this book aim to increase our understanding of complex governance processes and to propose new strategies for how public managers can deal with complexity in order to achieve high-quality research. The authors collected here use theoretical frameworks grounded in empirical research to analyze and explain how non-linear dynamics, self-organisation of many agents and the co-evolution of processes combine to generate the evolution of governance processes, especially for public urban and metropolitan investments. Managing Complex Governance Systems: Dynamics, Self-Organization and Coevolution in Public Investments offers readers an increased understanding of the main objective of public management in complexity--namely complex process system--and a strategy for accepting and dealing with complexity based on the idea of dual thinking and dual action strategies satisfying the desires of controlling processes and the need to adjust to changes simultaneously.

Navigating Through Changing Times

Navigating Through Changing Times Book
Author : Anne Eskola
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-04
ISBN : 1351674838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity theory including the concepts of chaos and emergence has been considered one of the most revolutionary products of the 20th century having influence on science, technology and economics among others. Any complex systems, such as organisms, societies, stock market or the Internet, have emergent properties that cannot be reduced to the mere properties of their parts. The theory has been used in organizational studies and strategic management where it offers an alternative way to look at organizations. The theory rejects the idea of organizations seen as machines and a planned approach to organizational change. Instead, the theory underlines understanding on how organizations adapt to their environments. Complexity theory suggests that organizations tend to self-organize themselves to a state where they regulate themselves. Complexity theory would advocate for approaches that focus on flatter, more flexible organizations. It shifts focus from management control to self-organization and individual interrelations between different people. The aim of Navigating through Changing Times: Knowledge Work in Complex Environment is to give insights on how complexity has changed the environment of many business organizations. The book aims at identifying and discussing special features of business organizations performing knowledge work in a knowledge-oriented economy. Navigating through Changing Times: Knowledge Work in Complex Environment will be vital reading for those scholar and researchers in the fields of knowledge and wisdom management as well as organizational behavior and communication, HRM, strategy, culture, change and development and other related disciplines.

Team Effectiveness In Complex Organizations

Team Effectiveness In Complex Organizations Book
Author : Eduardo Salas,Pegasus Professor and University Trustee Chair Department of Psychology Eduardo Salas, PhD,Gerald F. Goodwin,C. Shawn Burke
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-11-20
ISBN : 1135596565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 40 years, there has been a growing trend toward the utilization of teams for accomplishing work in organizations. Project teams, self-managed work teams and top management teams, among others have become a regular element in the corporation or military. This volume is intended to provide an overview of the current state of the art research on team effectiveness.

Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations

Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations Book
Author : de Wijs (Cees)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Information Systems Management in Complex Organizations book written by de Wijs (Cees), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Crisis Management in a Complex World

Crisis Management in a Complex World Book
Author : Dawn R. Gilpin,Priscilla J. Murphy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-07-31
ISBN : 019971648X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today's managers, business owners, and public relations practitioners grapple daily with a fundamental question about contemporary crisis management: to what extent is it possible to control events and stakeholder responses to them, in order to contain escalating crises or safeguard an organization's reputation? The authors meet the question head-on, departing from other crisis management texts, and arguing that a complexity-based approach is superior to the standard simplification model of organizational learning.

Managing Complexity in the Public Services

Managing Complexity in the Public Services Book
Author : Philip Haynes
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-03-24
ISBN : 131781164X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of complexity theory to management and the social sciences has been a key development in theory and practice over the last decade. This approach questions the possibility of finding universal methods of practice, and proposes a pragmatic and humanistic management style that evolves out of a reflective method. The focus is on practitioners observing patterns of similarity and being adaptable in decision-making. Bringing complexity theory into management reveals the importance of organizational culture and effective communication because people, their values and their objectives are at the heart of this method. Information technology provides a framework for complex communication and knowledge use, but it cannot replace highly developed professional negotiations and cooperation. This book argues that the complexity of the public service world limits the usefulness of classical and rational scientific management approaches such as New Public Management. Excessive marketization threatens a collaborative approach and overly rigid approaches to performance management and strategic management can be dysfunctional. Managing Complexity in the Public Services 2nd Edition advances a method of management practice that copes with the stark realities of the complex and unpredictable public policy world. It develops pragmatic management practices from action research that will be valuable to both academics and practitioners. The result is a new value-based practice for the post-crisis public service world.

Understanding Matrix Structures and their Alternatives

Understanding Matrix Structures and their Alternatives Book
Author : William G. Egelhoff,Joachim Wolf
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1137579757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the use of matrix structures in large, complex organizations such as MNCs. Using an information-processing perspective of organization design, it develops a more comprehensive theory for fitting the structural configurations of matrix structures to key characteristics of firm strategy. Empirical research by the authors supports this theoretical framework. In addition to structural configuration, Understanding Matrix Structures identifies and develops the mode of decision making within a matrix as an important second dimension of matrix structure design. It can be either balanced (joint) decision making by the two dimensions of a matrix or rule-based decision making, where rules pre-assign certain decisions to one dimension or the other for unitary decision making. Recent exploratory research by the authors supports this conceptual framework and provides the potential to create a more flexible matrix structure- one that facilitates a more ambidextrous organization.

Organizational Transitions

Organizational Transitions Book
Author : Richard Beckhard,Reuben T. Harris
Publisher : Addison Wesley Publishing Company
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Organizational Transitions book written by Richard Beckhard,Reuben T. Harris, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.