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Managing Agricultural Greenhouse Gases

Managing Agricultural Greenhouse Gases Book
Author : Mark Liebig,A.J. Franzluebbers,Ronald F Follett
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-10-16
ISBN : 012386898X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global climate change is a natural process that currently appears to be strongly influenced by human activities, which increase atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG). Agriculture contributes about 20% of the world’s global radiation forcing from carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, and produces 50% of the methane and 70% of the nitrous oxide of the human-induced emission. Managing Agricultural Greenhouse Gases synthesizes the wealth of information generated from the GRACEnet (Greenhouse gas Reduction through Agricultural Carbon Enhancement network) effort with contributors from a variety of backgrounds, and reports findings with important international applications. Frames responses to challenges associated with climate change within the geographical domain of the U.S., while providing a useful model for researchers in the many parts of the world that possess similar ecoregions Covers not only soil C dynamics but also nitrous oxide and methane flux, filling a void in the existing literature Educates scientists and technical service providers conducting greenhouse gas research, industry, and regulators in their agricultural research by addressing the issues of GHG emissions and ways to reduce these emissions Synthesizes the data from top experts in the world into clear recommendations and expectations for improvements in the agricultural management of global warming potential as an aggregate of GHG emissions

Agricultural Management Impact on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Agricultural Management Impact on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Book
Author : Upendra M. Sainju
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management practices used on croplands to enhance crop yields and quality can contribute about 10-20% of global greenhouse gases (GHGs: carbon dioxide [CO2], nitrous oxide [N2O], and methane [CH4]). Some of these practices are tillage, cropping systems, N fertilization, organic fertilizer application, cover cropping, fallowing, liming, et cetera The impact of these practices on GHGs in radiative forcing in the earth's atmosphere is quantitatively estimated by calculating net global warming potential (GWP) which accounts for all sources and sinks of CO2 equivalents from farm operations, chemical inputs, soil carbon sequestration, and N2O and CH4 emissions. Net GWP for a crop production system is expressed as kg CO2 equinox ha−1 year.−1 Net GWP can also be expressed in terms of crop yield (kg CO2 equinox kg−1 grain or biomass yield) which is referred to as net greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) or yield-scaled GWP and is calculated by dividing net GWP by crop yield. This article discusses the literature review of the effects of various management practices on GWP and GHGI from croplands as well as different methods used to calculate net GWP and GHGI. The paper also discusses novel management techniques to mitigate net CO2 emissions from croplands to the atmosphere. This information will be used to address the state of global carbon cycle.

Quantifying Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Carbon Storage to Determine Best Management Practices in Agroecosystems

Quantifying Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Carbon Storage to Determine Best Management Practices in Agroecosystems Book
Author : Tyler R. Goeschel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intensive agriculture, coupled with an increase in nitrogen fertilizer use, has contributed significantly to the elevation of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs), including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O). Rising GHG emissions usually mean a decrease in soil carbon. Currently, soil C is twice that of all standing crop biomass, making it an extremely important player in the C cycle. Fortunately, agricultural management practices have the potential to reduce agricultural GHG emissions whilst increasing soil C. Management practices that impact GHG emissions and soil C include various tillage practices, different N fertilization amounts and treatments (synthetic N, cattle manure, or a combination of both), the use of cover crops, aeration, and water levels. Employing agricultural best management practices (BMPs) can assist in the mitigation and sequestration of CO2, N2O and soil C. Measuring soil carbon storage and GHG emissions and using them as metrics to evaluate BMPs are vital in understanding agriculture’s role in climate change. The objective of this research was to quantify soil carbon and CO2 and N2O emissions in agroecosystems (dairy, crop, and meat producing farms) under differing management practices. Three farms were selected for intensive GHG emissions sampling: Shelburne Farm in Shelburne, VT, a dairy in North Williston, VT, and Borderview Farm in Alburgh, VT. At each site, I collected data on GHG (CO2 and N2O) emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen storage to a depth of 1 meter. Soil emissions of CO2 and N2O were taken once every two weeks (on average) from June 2015 through November, 2015 using static flux chambers and a model 1412 Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (PAS) gas analyzer (Innova Air Tech Instruments, Ballerup, Denmark). Fluxes were measured on 17 dates at Shelburne Farms, 13 dates at the Williston site, and 13 dates in the MINT trial. Gas samples were taken at fixed intervals over a 10-14 minute time frame, with samples normally taken every one or two minutes. I also measured soil carbon to a depth of 1m in six BMPs at Borderview Farm. Overall, I found that manure injection increased N2O and CO2 emissions, but decreased soil C storage at depth. Tillage had little to no impact on N2O emissions, except at Shelburne Farms, where aeration tillage decreased N2O emissions (marginally significant, P

Managing Agricultural Insurance in Brazil

Managing Agricultural Insurance in Brazil Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : IICA
Release : 2022-05-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Managing Agricultural Insurance in Brazil book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Measuring Emission of Agricultural Greenhouse Gases and Developing Mitigation Options using Nuclear and Related Techniques

Measuring Emission of Agricultural Greenhouse Gases and Developing Mitigation Options using Nuclear and Related Techniques Book
Author : Mohammad Zaman,Lee Heng,Christoph Müller
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-29
ISBN : 3030553965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book is an outcome of the collaboration between the Soil and Water Management & Crop Nutrition Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, and the German Science Foundation research unit DASIM (Denitrification in Agricultural Soils: Integrated control and Modelling at various scales) and other institutes. It presents protocols, methodologies and standard operating procedures (SOPs) for measuring GHGs from different agroecosystems and animals using isotopic and related techniques that can also be used to validate climate-smart agricultural practices to mitigate GHGs. The material featured is useful for beginners in the field wanting an overview of the current methodologies, but also for experts who need hands-on descriptions of said methodologies. The book is written in form of a monograph and consists of eight chapters.

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment Book
Author : R. Nieder,D.K. Benbi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-30
ISBN : 1402084331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary description of C and N fluxes between the atmosphere and the terrestrial biosphere; issues related to C and N management in different ecosystems and their implications for the environment and global climate change; and the approaches to mitigate emission of greenhouse gases. Drawing upon the most up-to-date books, journals, bulletins, reports, symposia proceedings and internet sources documenting interrelationships between different aspects of C and N cycling in the terrestrial environment, Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment fills the gap left by most of the currently available books on C and N cycling. They either deal with a single element of an ecosystem, or are related to one or a few selected aspects like soil organic matter (SOM) and agricultural or forest management, emission of greenhouse gases, global climate change or modeling of SOM dynamics.

Synthesis and Modeling of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Storage in Agricultural and Forest Systems to Guide Mitigation and Adaptation

Synthesis and Modeling of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Storage in Agricultural and Forest Systems to Guide Mitigation and Adaptation Book
Author : Stephen J. Del Grosso,Lajpat R. Ahuja,William J. Parton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 0891183450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crop, livestock, and forestry productions systems are important sources and sinks of greenhouses gases, but estimates of the magnitude of gas fluxes are more uncertain than those for other economic sectors such as transportation and electricity generation. Recent improvements in process-level un-derstanding, modeling software, and observational data used for model testing have increased the accuracy of model predictions, but substantial uncertainty remains, particularly regarding the potential for different management practices to mitigate emissions. The chapters in this volume demonstrate that both simple methods and complex models have strengths and limitations depending on stake-holder interest, scale of application, and other factors. Future improvement can be facilitated by or-ganizing model input and testing data into web-accessible databases and by making model algorithms more available and transparent.

U S Agriculture and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990 2008

U S  Agriculture and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Inventory  1990 2008 Book
Author : William Hohenstein
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2011-10-01
ISBN : 1437988261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2008, agricultural greenhouse gas sources accounted for about 6% of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. Agriculture and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Inventory: 1990-2008 was developed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the contribution of U.S. agriculture and forestry to greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration. It provides extensive, in-depth emissions and sinks estimates for livestock, cropland, and forests, as well as energy consumption in livestock and cropland agriculture. Estimates are provided at State, regional, and national scales, categorized by land ownership and management practices where possible. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.

Handbook Of Environment And Waste Management Volume 3 Acid Rain And Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control

Handbook Of Environment And Waste Management   Volume 3  Acid Rain And Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control Book
Author : Yung-tse Hung,Lawrence K Wang,Nazih K Shammas
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-05-19
ISBN : 9811207143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third volume in the Handbook of Environment and Waste Management Series, this book provides a comprehensive compilation of topics at the forefront of many of the technical advances and practices in acid rain and greenhouse gas pollution control. Comprising chapters contributed by internationally recognized authorities in the field of environment and waste management on their areas of expertise, readers may obtain all necessary technical information on control technologies and methods for management of acid rain and greenhouse gases from this work.This handbook is an essential source and one-stop reference for professionals and researchers in the areas of acid rain and greenhouse gas pollution control, and as a text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in these fields.

Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse Gases Book
Author : Guoxiang Liu
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2012-03-14
ISBN : 9789535103233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding greenhouse gas sources, emissions, measurements, and management is essential for capture, utilization, reduction, and storage of greenhouse gas, which plays a crucial role in issues such as global warming and climate change. Taking advantage of the authors' experience in greenhouse gases, this book discusses an overview of recently developed techniques, methods, and strategies: - A comprehensive source investigation of greenhouse gases that are emitted from hydrocarbon reservoirs, vehicle transportation, agricultural landscapes, farms, non-cattle confined buildings, and so on. - Recently developed detection and measurement techniques and methods such as photoacoustic spectroscopy, landfill-based carbon dioxide and methane measurement, and miniaturized mass spectrometer.

Climate Resilient Agriculture Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies

Climate Resilient Agriculture  Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies Book
Author : Manish Bhan,Vijay Singh Tomar,Kamal Kishore Agrawal,Sahib Singh Tomar,Sunil Dutta Upadhyaya
Publisher : New India Publishing Agency
Release : 2018-09-26
ISBN : 9387973077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate is a vital factor that influences land use, crop quality, its productivity as well as all the other of agricultural systems. The significant impact of climate change is visible on human societies and natural ecosystems around the world. This impact will be more severe on agriculture if global warming continues. As per estimates of IPCC (2014), the agriculture, forestry and other land use contributes 24% of global greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions need to be reduced to avoid the serious impact of climate change using mitigation measures and adaptation strategies. Currently, unreliable and seasonal variations in weather have emerged as a serious challenge for sustainability influencing vegetation, biodiversity, livestock, soil, water, and other natural resources. In the last decade, more occurrence of extreme weather events affected farming community directly in their agricultural growth. The matter is of great concern to country like India, which require more produce from rainfed fields and shrinking crop land. To understand the problems occurring due to climate change, concerted efforts are required for mitigation and adaptation to reduce the vulnerability of rainfed agriculture and making it resilient. Agricultural output as well as the livelihood of people who depend on it, are particularly vulnerable to climate change, and it is important that we assess adaptation mechanisms to reduce these vulnerabilities. These practices should play a vital role to reduce GHG emissions by improving efficiency of farm inputs and others like agroforestry interventions for green agricultural technologies. Similarly, adoption of conservation agriculture, suitable cultivars, changing sowing dates, irrigation scheduling, and recycling waste water and solid waste in agriculture are some of the options for developing climate resilient agriculture. The book has been divided into major heads as: Climate Change and Indian Agriculture, Climate Change Management Strategies in Agriculture, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Indian Agriculture, New Technologies in relation to Climate Change and with contribution from major research institutes, universities by eminent scientists, faculty members the book will fit into the needs of all concerns.

The Potential of U S Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

The Potential of U S  Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,C. Vernon Cole
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-08-01
ISBN : 9781575041124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report assesses the potential of U.S. cropland to sequester carbon, concluding that properly applied soil restorative processes and best management practices can help mitigate the greenhouse effect by decreasing the emissions of greenhouse gases from U.S. agricultural activities and by making U.S. cropland a major sink for carbon sequestration. Topics include: Describe the greenhouse processes and global tends in emissions as well as the three principal components of anthropogenic global warming potential Present data on U.S. emissions and agriculture's related role Examines the soil organic carbon (SOC) pool in soils of the U.S. and its loss due to cultivation Provides a reference for the magnitude of carbon sequestration potential Analyzes the primary processes governing greenhouse gas emission from the pedosphere Establishes a link between SOC content and soil quality Outlines strategies for mitigating emissions from U.S. cropland Discusses soil erosion management Assesses the potential of using cropland to create biomass for direct fuel to produce power Details the potential for sequestering carbon by intensifying prime agricultural land The Potential of U.S. Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect provides an exceptional framework for the adoption of science-based management methods on U.S. cropland, encouraging appropriate agricultural practices for the sustainable use of our natural resources and the improvement of our nation's environment.

Tropical Agriculture in Transition Opportunities for Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Tropical Agriculture in Transition     Opportunities for Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions  Book
Author : Reiner Wassmann,Paul L.G. Vlek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401736049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production from tropical agricultural systems will need to increase to satisfy the rising food demand of an increasing population coupled with changes in consumption patterns. At the same time, the agricultural sector is a significant source of greenhouse gases (GHG) in many developing countries, which can be attributed mainly to land-use change and methane emissions from rice and livestock. But how can we reconcile less GHG emissions from tropical agricultural systems while increasing productivity? Due to the interactive nature of these issues, this book is compiled of articles on natural resource management, as well as the socio-economic aspects of GHG mitigation. The scope of mitigation options in tropical agriculture is discussed for three different activities: (a) agroforestry; (b) rice-based production systems; (c) pasture/animal husbandry. Agronomic solutions alone will not be sufficient, as the institutional and economic frameworks within which farmers operate dictate whether a recommended agronomic management practice is acceptable. The prevention of deforestation, and the re-forestation of degraded land, could become key elements to national climate protection programs of some developing countries. Alternative management practices in rice-based and pasture systems may offer win-win options to reduce emissions and improve resource-use efficiencies.

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management Book
Author : Lei Guo,Amrith Gunasekara,Laura McConnell
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2012-04-19
ISBN : 9780841226548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable source of information for researchers and environmental practitioners, providing the most up-to-date information on greenhouse gas emissions from field crops and livestock animals

Soil Management and Climate Change

Soil Management and Climate Change Book
Author : Maria Angeles Munoz,Raúl Zornoza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0128121297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils. This book is for students and academics in soil science and environmental science, land managers, public administrators and legislators, and will increase understanding of organic matter preservation in soil and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Given the central role soil plays on the global carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to increase our common understanding about sources, mechanisms and processes that regulate organic matter mineralization and stabilization, and to identify those management practices and processes which mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, helping increase organic matter stabilization with suitable supplies of available N. Provides the latest findings about soil organic matter stabilization and greenhouse gas emissions Covers the effect of practices and management on soil organic matter stabilization Includes information for readers to select the most suitable management practices to increase soil organic matter stabilization

Towards an Integrated Global Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Model

Towards an Integrated Global Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Model Book
Author : Jerome Dumortier,Dermot James Hayes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Greenhouse Gases from Agriculture Simulation Model (GreenAgSiM) presented in this paper aims to quantify emissions from agricultural activity on a global scale. The model takes emissions into account that are directly attributable to agricultural production, such as enteric fermentation (methane), manure management (methane and nitrous oxide), and agricultural soil management (nitrous oxide). Furthermore, carbon stock differences from land-use change (carbon dioxide) induced by agriculture are included in the model. The model will provide policy makers with information about the greenhouse gas implications of policy changes.

Climate Change

Climate Change Book
Author : Renee Johnson
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009-12
ISBN : 1437918840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The agriculture (ag) sector is a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which many scientists agree are contributing to observed climate change. Ag. is also a ¿sink¿ for sequestering carbon, which might offset GHG emissions by capturing and storing carbon in ag. soils. The two key types of GHG emissions associated with agricultural activities are methane and nitrous oxide. Contents of this report: (1) Ag. Sinks and Emissions: Source of Nat. Est.; Ag. Emissions; Ag. Carbon Sinks; Potential for Additional Uptake; (2) Mitigation Strategies in the Ag. Sector: Federal Programs; State Programs; (3) Congressional Action: Climate Change Proposals; 2008 Farm Bill Provisions; Related Initiatives Involving U.S. Ag.; Considerations for Congress. Illus.

Effect of Agricultural Land Use Changes on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Dynamics in Drained Peat Soils in the San Joaquin Delta CA

Effect of Agricultural Land Use Changes on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Dynamics in Drained Peat Soils in the San Joaquin Delta  CA Book
Author : Yacov Assa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9781303151002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

AbstractGreenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) from two cropping systems on Twitchell Island was monitored spring 2010 to spring 2012. The island is one of 57 manmade Islands located in the San Joaquin-Sacramento Delta in California (herein the "Delta"). The cropping systems under study were field corn and Delta rice. The project was set to study the effects of the cropping system on GHG emissions and soil organic carbon (SOC). Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) emissions measurement was done every one to three weeks during spring 2010-2012. Crop final biomass and total carbon (C) was measured for residue and C input estimation each year. In addition, the effect of crop residue levels on GHG emissions and C dynamics was studied over one year in each system during 2010-2011. The main objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that conversion of subsided agricultural peat land from the current corn system to Delta rice would reduce overall GHG emissions, mainly CO2 and N2O. It was hypothesized that the increase in CH4 emissions due to the flooding conditions would be insignificant relative to total reduction in CO2 emissions.The Delta rice CH4 cumulative emissions differed between the two years of study (212 and 39 kg CH4 C/ha for the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 year, respectively). The reduction in 2011-2012 vs. 2010-2011 CH4 emissions was likely due to the placement of rice residue 20-30cm below soil surface when the field was moldboard plowed in spring 2011 and the shorter flooding period during the 2011 rice growing season (108 vs. 82 days in 2010 and 2011, respectively). In an experiment to determine the effects of various levels of rice residue on CO2 and CH4 emissions, CH4 emissions from plots receiving rice residues averaged as much as 3 times higher than plots with no residue, while CO2 emissions were not affected. During both years, a significant percentage of the CH4was emitted during the winter field drain in preparation for spring planting (63% and 53% in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 respectively). Total CO2 emissions in the rice system averaged slightly lower during 2010-2011 than in 2011-2012 (8044kg CO2 C vs. 9860kg CO2 -C/ha), respectively with over 70% of the emissions occurring when the field was not flooded. These figures are likely an overestimation, as they do not take into account the diurnal temperature fluctuation where soil respiration is lower at night. Total N2O emissions were higher in the rice system during 2010-2011 than 2011-2012 (11 kg N2O-N/ha and 6 kg N2O-N/ha in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 respectively). All GHG emissions were related to flooding regime and soil water status, and were highest after the winter drain and during the period of field operations to summer flood for rice growing.In the corn system, total CO2 emissions were similar in 2011-2012 and 2010-2011 (8845 and 8405 kg CO2-C/ha respectively) with about 60% of it occurring during the corn growing period. N2O emissions averaged higher in the 2nd year of the study (8.9 vs. 12.6 kg N2O-N/ha in the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 periods, respectively). N2O emissions from the corn system were also affected by soil water status, and were highest in the spring during a period of drop in water table levels. Residue level did not affect CO2 or N2O emissions in the cornfield. Total estimated residue carbon input from both systems was similar in 2011 (circa 5 metric tons C/ha) but was higher in the corn system in 2010 (circa 5 and 9 metric tons C /ha in the rice and corn systems respectively). In 2011 the corn residue was baled and removed, which left an estimated 1 ton C/ha from residue input. Both systems are a net source of GHG. A significant portion of the rice GHG emissions occurred during the fallow period and when the rice was planted but not flooded (i.e. pre-flood and drain process). In the corn system, GHG emissions occurred during the summer (CO2) and spring (N2O). Rice total GHG emissions (in CO2 equivalents) were higher in 2010-2011 but not significantly different in 2011-2012 than the corn system. Although the rice did not significantly reduce CO2emissions, while increasing CH4, it offers a system with more room for management improvements for GHG and subsidence mitigation. N2O emissions consisted of 50% to 75% of the annual GWP in CO2 equivalents in the two years (excluding CO2 emissions) in the rice system. A management practice that reduces N2O emissions would greatly reduce the total GHG. Lengthening the period the field is flooded in the winter, and shortening the drainage periods can significantly reduce N2O and CO2 emissions. But the possible increase in CH4emissions should be considered. Also, summer mid-season drain is likely reduce CH4 emissions during the summer flooding period and possibly during the fall drainage. The shortening of the drainage period can be achieved by actively pumping water out of the drainage ditches instead of letting the water percolate down, although the energy cost and effect on drain water DOC content should be considered. Improving agronomic management practices, such as variety selection for higher yield and lower days to harvest would shorten the period for CH4 emissions during the summer. Lastly, better crop establishment would improve crop uniformity, which again would lead to shorter time to harvest and guaranty higher yields.

Soil CO2 and N2O Emissions from an Agricultural Watershed as Influenced by Landscape Position and Agroforestry Conservation Management Practices

Soil  CO2 and N2O Emissions from an Agricultural Watershed as Influenced by Landscape Position and Agroforestry Conservation Management Practices Book
Author : Neal J. Bailey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil CO2 and N2O Emissions from an Agricultural Watershed as Influenced by Landscape Position and Agroforestry Conservation Management Practices book written by Neal J. Bailey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks

Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks Book
Author : Eleftherios Iakovou,Dionysis Bochtis,Dimitrios Vlachos,Dimitrios Aidonis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-22
ISBN : 1118937503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An interdisciplinary framework for managing sustainable agrifood supply chains Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks provides an up-to-date and interdisciplinary framework for designing and operating sustainable supply chains for agri-food products. Focus is given to decision-making procedures and methodologies enabling policy-makers, managers and practitioners to design and manage effectively sustainable agrifood supply chain networks. Authored by high profile researchers with global expertise in designing and operating sustainable supply chains in the agri-food industry, this book: Features the entire hierarchical decision-making process for managing sustainable agrifood supply chains. Covers knowledge-based farming, management of agricultural wastes, sustainability, green supply chain network design, safety, security and traceability, IT in agrifood supply chains, carbon footprint management, quality management, risk management and policy- making. Explores green supply chain management, sustainable knowledge-based farming, corporate social responsibility, environmental management and emerging trends in agri-food retail supply chain operations. Examines sustainable practices that are unique for agriculture as well as practices that already have been implemented in other industrial sectors such as green logistics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks provides a useful resource for researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, regulators and C-level executives that deal with strategic decision-making. Post-graduate students in the field of agriculture sciences, engineering, operations management, logistics and supply chain management will also benefit from this book.