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Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Bill Rehm,Jerome Schubert,Arash Haghshenas,Amir Saman Paknejad,Jim Hughes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-12-18
ISBN : 0127999876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With extraction out of depleted wells more important than ever, this new and developing technology is literally changing drilling engineering for future generations. Never before published in book form, these cutting-edge technologies and the processes that surround them are explained in easy-tounderstand language, complete with worked examples, problems and solutions. This volume is invaluable as a textbook for both the engineering student and the veteran engineer who needs to keep up with changing technology.

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Lalit Verma
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-08-01
ISBN : 9781681174112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managed Pressure Drilling Operations is a significant technology worldwide and beginning to make an impact all over the world. Often reservoir and drilling engineers are faced with the decision on how best to construct a well to exploit zones of interest while seeking to avoid drilling problems that contribute to reservoir damage or cause loss of hole. The decision to pursue a MPD operation is based on the intent of applying the most appropriate technology for the candidate and entails either an acceptance of influx to the surface or avoidance of influx into the wellbore. In today's exploration and production environment, drillers must now drill deeper, faster and into increasingly harsher environments where using conventional methods could be counter-productive at best and impossible at worst. Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) is rapidly gaining popularity as a way to mitigate risks and costs associated with drilling in harsh environments. With this book in hand drilling professionals gain knowledge of the various variations involved in managed pressure drilling operations; understand the safety and operational aspects of a managed pressure drilling project; and be able to make an informed selection of all equipment required to carry out a managed pressure drilling operation.

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Wilson C. Chin, PhD
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 0123851254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managed Pressure Drilling Operations is a significant technology worldwide and beginning to make an impact all over the world. Often reservoir and drilling engineers are faced with the decision on how best to construct a well to exploit zones of interest while seeking to avoid drilling problems that contribute to reservoir damage or cause loss of hole. The decision to pursue a MPD operation is based on the intent of applying the most appropriate technology for the candidate and entails either an acceptance of influx to the surface or avoidance of influx into the wellbore. In today's exploration and production environment, drillers must now drill deeper, faster and into increasingly harsher environments where using conventional methods could be counter-productive at best and impossible at worst. Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) is rapidly gaining popularity as a way to mitigate risks and costs associated with drilling in harsh environments. If done properly, MPD can improve economics for any well being drilled by reducing a rig’s nonproductive time. Written for engineers, drilling managers, design departments, and operations personnel, Managed Pressure Drilling Modeling is based on the author’s on experience and offers instruction on planning, designing and executing MPD projects. Compact and readable, the book provides a step by step methods for understanding and solve problems involving variables such as backpressure, variable fluid density, fluid rheology, circulating friction, hole geometry and drillstring diameter. All MPD variations are covered, including Constant Bottomhole Pressure, Pressurized MudCap Drilling and Dual Gradient Drilling. Case histories from actual projects are designed and analyzed using proprietary simulation software online. With this book in hand drilling professionals gain knowledge of the various variations involved in managed pressure drilling operations; understand the safety and operational aspects of a managed pressure drilling project; and be able to make an informed selection of all equipment required to carry out a managed pressure drilling operation. Case histories from actual projects are designed and analyzed using proprietary simulation software online Clearly explains the safety and operational aspects of a managed pressure drilling project Expert coverage of the various variations involved in managed pressure drilling operations Numerical tools and techniques needed for applying MPD principles and practices to individual projects

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Wilson C. Chin
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123851246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If done properly, MPD can improve economics for any well being drilled by reducing a rig's nonproductive time. Written for engineers, drilling managers, design departments, and operations personnel, Managed Pressure Drilling Modeling is based on the author's on experience and offers instruction on planning, designing and executing MPD projects. Compact and readable, the book provides a step by step methods for understanding and solve problems involving variables such as backpressure, variable fluid density, fluid rheology, circulating friction, hole geometry and drillstring diameter. All MPD variations are covered, including Constant Bottomhole Pressure, Pressurized MudCap Drilling and Dual Gradient Drilling. Case histories from actual projects are designed and analyzed using proprietary simulation software online.

Advanced Control of Managed Pressure Drilling

Advanced Control of Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Anirudh Nandan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Automation of managed pressure drilling (MPD) enhances the safety and increases efficiency of drilling and that drives the development of controllers and observers for MPD. The objective is to maintain the bottom hole pressure (BHP) within the pressure window formed by the reservoir pressure and fracture pressure and also to reject kicks. Practical MPD automation solutions must address the nonlinearities and uncertainties caused by the variations in mud flow rate, choke opening, friction factor, mud density, etc. It is also desired that if pressure constraints are violated the controller must take appropriate actions to reject the ensuing kick. The objectives are addressed by developing two controllers: a gain switching robust controller and a nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC). The robust gain switching controller is designed using H1 loop shaping technique, which was implemented using high gain bumpless transfer and 2D look up table. Six candidate controllers were designed in such a way they preserve robustness and performance for different choke openings and flow rates. It is demonstrated that uniform performance is maintained under different operating conditions and the controllers are able to reject kicks using pressure control and maintain BHP during drill pipe extension. The NMPC was designed to regulate the BHP and contain the outlet flow rate within certain tunable threshold. The important feature of that controller is that it can reject kicks without requiring any switching and thus there is no scope for shattering due to switching between pressure and flow control. That is achieved by exploiting the constraint handling capability of NMPC. Active set method was used for computing control inputs. It is demonstrated that NMPC is able to contain kicks and maintain BHP during drill pipe extension.

Safety and Reliability Assessment of Managed Pressure Drilling in Well Control Operations

Safety and Reliability Assessment of Managed Pressure Drilling in Well Control Operations Book
Author : Idris Olusola Sule
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managed pressure drilling (MPD) is a technique utilized in drilling to manage annular pressure, hold reservoir influx, and divert mud returns away safely from the rig floor through a closed loop system. Thus, MPD plays key roles in well control operations and in drilling deepwater wells. However, despite the operational, safety, and economic benefits, limited information is available on understanding the complexity of MPD system. Furthermore, the oil and gas industry currently relies on a flow monitoring system for earlier kick detection but faces severe flaws and limited progress has been made on approach that monitors kick from downhole due to the complexity of offshore drilling operations. Thus, the main objective of this research is to assess the safety and reliability of MPD. In this research, following novel contributions have been made: several dynamic downhole drilling parameters have been identified to enhance earlier kick detection technique during drilling, including about 33 - 89% damping of bit-rock vibrations due to gas kick; a reliability assessment model has been developed to estimate the failure probability of an MPD system as 5.74%, the assess the increase in reliability of kick control operation increases from 94% to 97% due to structural modification of the MPD components, identify that MPD operational failure modes are non-sequential, and identify that an MPD control system is the most safety-critical components in an MPD system; an automated MPD control model, which implements a nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC) and a two-phase hydraulic flow model, has been developed to perform numerical simulations of an MPD operation; and lastly, an integrated dynamic blowout risk model (DBRM) to assess the safety during an MPD operation has been developed and its operation involves three key steps: a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) model, a numerical simulation of an MPD control operation, and dynamic risk analysis to assess the safety of the well control operation as drilling conditions change over time. The DBRM also implemented novel kick control variables to assess the success / failure of an MPD operation, i.e. its safety, and are instrumental in providing useful information to predict the performance of / diagnose the failure of an MPD operation and has been successfully applied to replicate the dynamic risk of blowout risk scenarios presented in an MPD operation at the Amberjack field case study from the Gulf of Mexico.

Design Development and Control of a Managed Pressure Drilling Setup

Design  Development and Control of a Managed Pressure Drilling Setup Book
Author : Al Amin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drilling in challenging conditions require precise control over hydrodynamic parameters for safer and efficient operation in oil and gas industries. Automated managed pressure drilling (MPD) is one of such drilling solution which helps to maintain operational parameters effectively over conventional drilling technique. The main goal is to maintain bottomhole pressure between reservoir formation pressure and fracture pressure with kick mitigation ability. Real life MPD system has to confront nonlinearity induced by drilling fluid rheology and flow parameters. To obtain a better understanding of this operation, a lab scale experimental setup has been developed. Reynolds number and pressure drop per unit length were considered to obtain hydrodynamic similarity. A vertical concentric pipe arrangement has been used to represent the drill string and annular casing region. A linearized gain switching proportional integral (PI) controller and a nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC) have been developed to automate the control operation in the experimental setup. A linearizer has been designed to address the choke nonlinearity. Based on the flow and pressure criteria, a gain switching PI controller has been developed which is able to control pressure and flow conditions during pipe extension, pump failure and influx attenuation cases. On the other hand, a nonlinear Hammerstein-Weiner model has been developed which assists in bottomhole pressure estimation using pump flow rate and choke opening. The identified model has been integrated with a NMPC algorithm to achieve effective control within predefined pressure and flow constraints. Lastly, a performance comparison has been provided between the linearized gain switching PI controller and NMPC controller.

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Saad Ahmed Siddiqui
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-06-03
ISBN : 9783659887949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Managed Pressure Drilling book written by Saad Ahmed Siddiqui, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Mahdi Kalantari Meybodi,Jamshid Moghadasi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-07-09
ISBN : 9783659904691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Managed Pressure Drilling book written by Mahdi Kalantari Meybodi,Jamshid Moghadasi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modeling and Control of Managed Pressure Drilling Operations

Modeling and Control of Managed Pressure Drilling Operations Book
Author : Adrian Marius Ambruș
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The upstream oil and gas industry has witnessed a marked increase in the number of wells drilled in areas with elevated subsurface formation pressures and narrow drilling margins. Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) techniques have been developed to deal with the challenge of narrow margin wells, offering great promise for improved rig safety and reduced non-productive time. Automation of MPD operations can ensure improved control over wellbore pressure profiles, and there are several commercial solutions currently available. However, these automation efforts seldom take into account the uncertainty and complex dynamics inherent in subsurface environments, and usually assume ideally functioning sensors and actuators, which is rarely the case in real-world drilling operations. This dissertation describes a set of tools and methods that can form the basis for an automation framework for MPD systems, with specific focus on the surface back-pressure technique of MPD. Model-based control algorithms with robust reference tracking, as well as methods for detecting system faults and handling modeling uncertainty, are integrated with a novel multi-phase hydraulics model. The control system and event detection modules are designed using physics-based representations of the drilling processes, as well as models relating uncertain variables in a probabilistic fashion. Validation on high-fidelity simulation models is conducted in order to ascertain the effectiveness of the developed methods.

The Fundamentals Methods and Applications of Managed Pressure Drilling

The Fundamentals  Methods  and Applications of Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Eric van Oort
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2022-09-15
ISBN : 9780323916493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today's drilling operations are growing in complexity, and one technology in particular, managed pressure drilling (MPD), has excelled as an option to combat costs of non-productive time and lost circulation that can occur on either offshore or land projects. However, there are still very little collective research outlets for engineers to learn and keep up with both the fundamentals and advancing technology. Managed Pressure Drilling, Second Edition arrives with the basic infrastructure and extended support necessary for drilling engineers to apply managed pressure drilling to their operations now. Enhanced with multiple new chapters and contributions from both academic and corporate authors, this reference provides engineers with the basic processes and equipment behind MPD then further explains the latest technology combined with real-world case studies such as how to optimize the managed pressure drilling system, choosing the best well candidate for MPD, and how to lower costs for land-based operations. Packed with a glossary, list of standards, and well classification system, Managed Pressure Drilling, Second Edition creates the flagship reference for drilling engineers to understand the basics and advances in this fast-paced area of oil and gas technology. Delivers a fundamental collection on managed pressure drilling equipment, procedures, and best practices Presents a balance of information from both corporate and academic markets Updated with new case studies and multiple new chapters, including how well control is different under MPD operations and MPD automation

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Barkim Demirdal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Managed Pressure Drilling book written by Barkim Demirdal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Diagnosis of Well Control Complications During Managed Pressure Drilling

The Diagnosis of Well Control Complications During Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Brian Piccolo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Diagnosis of Well Control Complications During Managed Pressure Drilling book written by Brian Piccolo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

DC Managed Pressure Drilling

DC Managed Pressure Drilling Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781523100309
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download DC Managed Pressure Drilling book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dynamic Safety Analysis of Managed Pressure Drilling Operations

Dynamic Safety Analysis of Managed Pressure Drilling Operations Book
Author : Majeed Olasunkanmi Abimbola
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exploration and development of oil and gas reserves located in harsh offshore environments are characterized with high risk. Some of these reserves would be uneconomical if produced using conventional drilling technology due to increased drilling problems and prolonged non-productive time. Seeking new ways to reduce drilling cost and minimize risks has led to the development of Managed Pressure Drilling techniques. Managed pressure drilling methods address the drawbacks of conventional overbalanced and underbalanced drilling techniques. As managed pressure drilling techniques are evolving, there are many unanswered questions related to safety and operating pressure regimes. Quantitative risk assessment techniques are often used to answer these questions. Quantitative risk assessment is conducted for the various stages of drilling operations - drilling ahead, tripping operation, casing and cementing. A diagnostic model for analyzing the rotating control device, the main component of managed pressure drilling techniques, is also studied. The logic concept of Noisy-OR is explored to capture the unique relationship between casing and cementing operations in leading to well integrity failure as well as its usage to model the critical components of constant bottom-hole pressure drilling technique of managed pressure drilling during tripping operation. Relevant safety functions and inherent safety principles are utilized to improve well integrity operations. Loss function modelling approach to enable dynamic consequence analysis is adopted to study blowout risk for real-time decision making. The aggregation of the blowout loss categories, comprising: production, asset, human health, environmental response and reputation losses leads to risk estimation using dynamically determined probability of occurrence. Lastly, various sub-models developed for the stages/sub-operations of drilling operations and the consequence modelling approach are integrated for a holistic risk analysis of drilling operations.

Managed Pressure Drilling Candidate Selection

Managed Pressure Drilling Candidate Selection Book
Author : Anantha Sarat Sagar Nauduri
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managed Pressure Drilling now at the pinnacle of the 'Oil Well Drilling' evolution tree, has itself been coined in 2003. It is an umbrella term for a few new drilling techniques and some preexisting drilling techniques, all of them aiming to solve several drilling problems, including non-productive time and/or drilling flat time issues. These techniques, now sub-classifications of Managed Pressure Drilling, are referred to as 'Variations' and 'Methods' of Managed Pressure Drilling. Although using Managed Pressure Drilling for drilling wells has several benefits, not all wells that seem a potential candidate for Managed Pressure Drilling, need Managed Pressure Drilling. The drilling industry has numerous simulators and software models to perform drilling hydraulics calculations and simulations. Most of them are designed for conventional well hydraulics, while some can perform Underbalanced Drilling calculations, and a select few can perform Managed Pressure Drilling calculations. Most of the few available Managed Pressure Drilling models are modified Underbalanced Drilling versions that fit Managed Pressure Drilling needs. However, none of them focus on Managed Pressure Drilling and its candidate selection alone. An 'Managed Pressure Drilling Candidate Selection Model and software' that can act as a preliminary screen to determine the utility of Managed Pressure Drilling for potential candidate wells are developed as a part of this research dissertation. The model and a flow diagram identify the key steps in candidate selection. The software performs the basic hydraulic calculations and provides useful results in the form of tables, plots and graphs that would help in making better engineering decisions. An additional Managed Pressure Drilling worldwide wells database with basic information on a few Managed Pressure Drilling projects has also been compiled that can act as a basic guide on the Managed Pressure Drilling variation and project frequencies and aid in Managed Pressure Drilling candidate selection.

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2019

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2019 Book
Author : Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-11
ISBN : 9811524858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers from the 8th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2019) and addresses a broad range of topics, including: Low Permeability Reservoir, Unconventional Tight & Shale Oil Reservoir, Unconventional Heavy Oil and Coal Bed Gas, Digital and Intelligent Oilfield, Reservoir Dynamic Analysis, Oil and Gas Reservoir Surveillance and Management, Oil and Gas Reservoir Evaluation and Modeling, Drilling and Production Operation, Enhancement of Recovery, Oil and Gas Reservoir Exploration. The conference not only provided a platform to exchange experiences, but also promoted the advancement of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The book is chiefly intended for industry experts, professors, researchers, senior engineers, and enterprise managers.

Real Time Kick Estimation and Monitoring in Managed Pressure Drilling System

Real Time Kick Estimation and Monitoring in Managed Pressure Drilling System Book
Author : M. Musab Habib
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The influx of reservoir fluid (kick) has a significant impact on drilling operations. Unmitigated kick can lead to a blowout causing financial losses and impacting human lives on the rig. Kick is an unmeasured disturbance in the system, and so detection, estimation, and mitigation are essential for the safety and efficiency of the drilling operation. Our main objective is to develop a real time warning system for a managed pressure drilling (MPD) system. In the first part of the research, an unscented Kalman filter (UKF) based estimator was implemented to simultaneously estimate the bit flow-rate, and kick. The estimated kick is further used to predict the impact of the kick. Optimal control theory is used to calculate the time to mitigate the kick in the best case scenario. An alarm system is developed based on total predicted influx and pressure rise in the system and compared with actual well operation control matrix. Thus, the proposed method can estimate, monitor, and manage kick in real time, enhancing the safety and efficiency of the MPD operation. So, a robust warning framework for the operators based on real life operational conditions is created in the second part of the research. Proposed frameworks are successfully validated by applying to several case studies.

Fundamentals of Sustainable Drilling Engineering

Fundamentals of Sustainable Drilling Engineering Book
Author : M. E. Hossain,Abdulaziz Abdullah Al-Majed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-02
ISBN : 1119100283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book clearly explains the concepts of the drilling engineering and presents the existing knowledge ranging from the history of drilling technology to well completion. This textbook takes on the difficult issue of sustainability in drilling engineering and tries to present the engineering terminologies in a clear manner so that the new hire, as well as the veteran driller, will be able to understand the drilling concepts with minimum effort. This textbook is an excellent resource for petroleum engineering students, drilling engineers, supervisors & managers, researchers and environmental engineers for planning every aspect of rig operations in the most sustainable, environmentally responsible manner, using the most up-to-date technological advancements in equipment and processes.