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Major Accidents To The Environment

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Major Accidents to the Environment

Major Accidents to the Environment Book
Author : Ivan Vince
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2011-04-08
ISBN : 9780080556369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If our plant catches fire, when should it be allowed to burn down to prevent pollution? When does enforcement turn into prosecution, following an environmental accident? Will our environmental insurance cover the costs of remediation? This book provides a thorough and practical guide to the environmental aspects of compliance with the Seveso II Directive and COMAH regulations and surrounding issues. It guides readers through the technical, legal and insurance related complexities unique to the environmental aspects of Seveso II/COMAH. Individual chapters and sections written by relevant experts explain the implications of the Directive/Regulations and other laws that relate to major accident hazards. Valuable case studies underpin and illuminate the arguments presented. The comprehensive appendices contain a wealth of further case studies as well as focused supporting information on environmental design, assessment and management of major hazard installations, for safety, prevention and environmental professionals, risk assessors, insurers, managers and their legal advisors. Dr Ivan Vince is Director of ASK Consultants and co-founder of one of the first industrial risk consultancies in Eastern Europe. He has investigated several environmental accidents. Related titles: Introduction to Emergency Management, 2e Haddow and Bullock 978-0-7506-7961-9 Introduction to International Disaster Management, Coppola 978-0-7506-7982-4 Learning from Accidents, 3e, Kletz 978-0-7506-4883-7 * This is the only guide to working with and implementing the Seveso II-Directive and COMAH regulations * Written by leading risk management, scientific, legal, and engineering experts, this book provides all of the key elements an organization must manage in order to comply * Accompanied by a comprehensive data handbook that enables managers and health & safety professionals to assess and apply the approaches required in the Directives

Prevention of Major Accidents in the Oil Gas Industry

Prevention of Major Accidents in the Oil   Gas Industry Book
Author : Georgina Wien
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2013-08
ISBN : 3640986369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: B, Robert Gordon University Aberdeen (Energy Centre), course: Master of Science Oil & Gas Engineering, language: English, abstract: Despite sophisticated Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Management Systems and highly developed safety cultures, major accidents in the Oil & Gas industry are reoccurring events. This type of low frequency high impact event puts at stake the health and safety of employees, the viability of the ecosystem, the integrity of the structure, the life and health of populations in neighboring communities and can also massively impact the economic situation of a region. Prevention of major accidents is therefore of utmost importance. Detailed case studies of nine historic major accidents revealed common features in the accidents, although they represent a wide range of individual accident scenarios. Identified common features and recurring patterns were degradation of safety measures, decrease in attention and awareness towards major accident hazards as well as an increase in complacency and resulting management failures. These findings served as the basis for a prevention model specific to major accident hazards in the Oil & Gas industry. The Management of Major Accidents Scenarios model (MOMAS) was designed with special attention to practical application, information availability over long time periods and avoiding degradation of safety systems, in a holistic system approach. The MOMAS model consists of elements fit for application and offers palpable and precise support in performing the individual assessment steps. This was tested by demonstrating the prevention potential of the MOMAS model on three of the case study incidents. The MOMAS model also integrated the approach of As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA), which is deemed to be more applicable to a major accident scenario setting than the current approach of As Low As Reasonably Pra

Risk Assessment and Risk Management

Risk Assessment and Risk Management Book
Author : R E Hester,R M Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 184755184X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk assessment is considered by many analysts to be an objective scientific tool. It is considered to be variously influenced by broader issues which in turn have important practical implications both for risk assessors and decision makers. Risk Assessment and Risk Management examines a range of practical applications of risk assessment methods and risk management procedures in the broad context of environmental science and technology. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, the articles cover a variety of areas, with reference to subjects as diverse as BSE, the use of risk assessment in government, using computer modelling as an aid to risk assessment in the case of accidental contamination of rivers and estuaries, quantitative cancer risk assessment related to carcinogens in the environment, landfilling of household wastes, environmental risk assessment and management of chemicals, and aquatic risk assessment and management of pesticides. This book provides a detailed and wide-ranging review of the many aspects of risk assessment and risk management which have excited so much debate and controversy in recent times. It will be essential reading for all those involved in the assessment and management of risk, particularly in the context of environmental science.

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780852952832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report into the Piper Alpha disaster recommended that experience gained in the control of hazards onshore should be applied to improve safety standards offshore. These papers review what has been learnt so far with regard to major hazards and consider the application onshore and offshore.

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science Book
Author : Naima Bradley,Henrietta Harrison,Greg Hodgson,Robie Kamanyire,Andrew Kibble,Virginia Murray
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-01-30
ISBN : 0191505404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental public health is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the direct and indirect impact of exposure to environmental hazards on the public's health and wellbeing. Assessing and addressing the risks of chemical, ionising and non-ionising radiation, and noise hazards requires a sound knowledge of toxicology, environmental epidemiology, environmental science, health risk assessment, and public health principles. Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health provides practical guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. Written by leaders in the field, the authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to contaminated land and waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed. Produced by Health Protection England, Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health offers a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding environmental public health issues and will be essential reading for all students and professionals in environmental public health.

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants Book
Author : Joaquim Casal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-09-21
ISBN : 044463892X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants, Second Edition, covers the essential aspects of a diverse range of major accidents including fires, explosions and toxic clouds, and provides the key models necessary to calculate their effects and consequences with applications to real incidents. New topics in this up-to-date edition include dust explosions, evaluation of frequencies and probabilities, domino effect, transportation of hazardous materials, and analysis of significant accidents. The new edition of Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants is a valuable resource to engineers from the chemical/petrochemical industry and those working with the transportation of hazardous materials (by road, rail, or pipelines), in addition to engineering companies and academics alike. Evaluates the expected/probable occurrence frequency of major accidents Describes the main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases Includes mathematical modeling of major accidents, evaluation of their effects, and consequences on people and equipment Explains how to perform a Quantitative Risk Analysis

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety Book
Author : International Labour Office
Publisher : International Labour Organization
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9789221092032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developed through an extensive process of consultation with leading professionals and health and safety institutions worldwide, the new, expanded, and long-awaited Fourth Edition of this well-respected reference provides comprehensive, timely, and accurate coverage of occupational health and safety. Aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike, such as lawyers, doctors, nurses, engineers, toxicologists, regulators, and other safety professionals, this compendium is organized and designed to provide the most critical information in an easy-to-read format. It uses more than 1,000 illustrations, a new attractive layout, and provides thousands of cited references that provide up-to-date literature reviews. Indexes by subject, chemical name, and author make navigating through information quick and easy. The CD-ROM version includes the same information as the print volumes, plus the benefit of a powerful search and retrieval engine to make searching for information as easy as a mouse click. Here's a sampling of what's covered in each volume and the CD-ROM: Volume 1: The body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches Volume 2: Psychological and organizational factors, hazards, the environment, accidents, and safety Volume 3: Chemicals, industries and occupations Volume 4: Index by subject, chemical name, author, cross-reference guide, directory of contributors.

Nuclear Power and the Environment

Nuclear Power and the Environment Book
Author : Roy M. Harrison,Ronald E. Hester
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1849731942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is concerned with reviewing the political and social context for nuclear power generation, the nuclear power fuel cycles and their implications for the environment.

Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents

Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Book
Author : International Labour Organisation,International Labour Office
Publisher : International Labour Organization
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9789221071013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Quest for Environmental Regulatory Integration in the European Union

The Quest for Environmental Regulatory Integration in the European Union Book
Author : Eberhard Bohne
Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 9041120815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is a commonplace that pollution knows no borders, and that environmental law must allow for cross-border implementation. The European Union specifies this principle in EC directives on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), on environmental impact assessment (EIA), and on the control of major accident hazards involving dangerous substances (Seveso II). This is the first book to investigate from both empirical and normative perspectives the effectiveness of these directives at the national level. It provides by far the most extensive comparative analysis and evaluation of the industrial permitting and inspections, EIA, and major accident prevention in the EU. Offering an in-depth study of the transposition and implementation of EC environmental directives in eight EU member states (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), the author who has played a significant role in the formulation of environmental legislation and regulation at both the national (German) and EU levelsand¿provides a stable base for an assessment of the benefits and costs of the integrated approach to environmental protection. Among the factors considered are the following: key features of national constitutional, administraand¬tive, and judicial systems which provide the framework for environand¬mental regulations and their implementation in the eight countries under study; procedures and substantive requirements transposing the IPPC, EIA and Seveso II directives into national laws; and evaluation of national deficiencies and the extent of muddling through. The empirical part of Dr Bohne's analysis draws on 138 expert interviews with public and private actors, a survey of 178 public authorities, and document analyses of selected industrial permits and environmental impact statements. His comparative analysis of procedural, organizational, and substantive integration makes it possible to identify and compare national accomplishments in regulatory integration, and offers new insights into the effectiveness and limits of EC law. The study concludes with a discussion of the implications of the findings for European governance and better regulation after the enlargement of the EU. This thoroughly researched, rigorous, and insightful study will be of great interest and value to policymakers, regulators, business people, environmental NGOs, consultants, and lawyers, as well as to students of environmental policies and European governance.

Environmental Assessment

Environmental Assessment Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Thomas Telford
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780727719898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special publication is aimed at government, planning authorities, developers, design and other consultants, and environmental groups. Its objective is to heighten awareness and encourage due consideration of environmental implications during the planning, design, construction adn operation stages of any scheme, and when considering arrangements for closure and decommissioning where relevant.

The State of the Environment in Asia

The State of the Environment in Asia Book
Author : The Japan Environmental Council
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 4431679456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In December 1977 we published the first in this series of NGO-oriented reports on Asia's environment, Ajia Kankyo Hakusho 1997/98. This was published in English by Springer-Verlag as The State o/the Environment in Asia 1999/2000. Although only a few years have passed since then, Asia has seen tumultuous changes in the political, economic, social, environmental, and other domains, as well as a number of prominerit trends that could be regarded as harbingers of the new century. China, for instance, could henceforth decisively affect the evolution of environmental problems not only in Asia, but across the entire globe. Yet Chinese concern for and initiatives on pollution and environmental damage have increased more quickly than could have been anticipated just a few years ago. And on Taiwan, where a Democratic Progressive Party president was elected over the long-ruling Nationalist Party, an attorney who has cooperated with our pollution surveys for a decade, Hsieh Chang-ting, became mayor of Taiwan's largest heavy and chemical industry city of Kaohsiung, where he has begun a "Green Revolution. " On the Ko rean Peninsula, which has for many years endured the division of its people, as well as political and military tensions, there are the beginnings of a new North-South dialog. These changes are all welcome to those of us who wish to see new advances in environmental cooperation throughout Asia.

The EU Environmental Liability Directive

The EU Environmental Liability Directive Book
Author : Lucas Bergkamp,Barbara Goldsmith
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 0191648930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Similar to the United States (US) Natural Resource Damage (NRD) program, defined under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or "Superfund") and the Oil Pollution Act (OPA), the European Union's (EU) Environmental Liability Directive (ELD)imposes liability for, and requires remediation of, significant damage to natural habitats and species protected at Community and national levels, surface and ground waters covered by the Water Framework Directive, and land.The ELD was first published in 2004 and has since been transposed into the national laws of all EU Member States. However there is little guidance available to authorities and industry in interpreting and applying the ELD and meeting its prevention and restoration objectives. This volume is the first to describe the EU's ELD and to examine the emerging issues and practices in its application. While there are differences between the US and EU regimes, some of the underlying concepts, approaches and definitions embedded in NRD are also mirrored in the text of the ELD. The book includes a comparison of similarities and differences as well as synergies in practice; hence, this book will be of interest to both US and European readers. The ELD imposes liability for significant damage to natural habitats and species protected at Community and national levels, surface and ground waters covered by the Water Framework Directive, and land. Prior to the ELD's adoption many Member States had programs in place for the restoration of soil and groundwater contamination, but none had a regime for addressing harm to unowned natural resources. This volume presents a comprehensive legal commentary on the legal issues arising under the ELD, as well as an overview of administrative, technical, and legal issues and practices in applying the ELD regimes to cases of actual or threatened environmental damage. In doing so, it discusses both substantive issues and important procedural and process-related issues. Several case studies are presented to illustrate the issues and practical solutions. In addition, emerging best practices relating to practical ELD application are identified and presented. Identifying and discussing a wide range of emerging administrative, technical, and economic practice issues arising under member state legislation transposing and implementing the ELD, this book will be a valuable resource for all those whose work is affected by the ELD.

The Fragile Environment

The Fragile Environment Book
Author : David Elcome
Publisher : Nelson Thornes
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780748744206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended for students of A-Level geography, this book on pollution and abuse offers a wide range of case studies and an integated approach to all aspect of geographical study. Students are helped to progress from GCSE and Standard Grade as they work through the questions that appear at regular intervals in the book and the enquiry activities at the end of each chapter. One of a series of books, this title also provides exam support.