Skip to main content

Macrophages Biology And Tissue Inflammation In Health And Disease

In Order to Read Online or Download Macrophages Biology And Tissue Inflammation In Health And Disease Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Macrophages Biology and Tissue Inflammation in Health and Disease

Macrophages Biology and Tissue Inflammation in Health and Disease Book
Author : Stuart Goodman,Michiaki Takagi,Jiri Gallo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 0128217626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Macrophages Biology and Tissue Inflammation in Health and Disease, outlines the important role of macrophages, keys cells in the innate immune system, as regulators and orchestrators of inflammation and repair in health and disease. It contains chapters by leading authors on the basic and translational aspects of macrophage biology, in maintaining tissue homeostatis and dealing with internal and external biological threats. Outlines the important role of macrophages, key cells in the innatue immune system, as regulators and orchestrators of inflammation and repair in health and disease Contains chapters by leading authors on the basic and translational aspects of macrophage biology, in maintaining tissue homeostasis Deals with internal and external treats.

Macrophages Biology and Role in the Pathology of Diseases

Macrophages  Biology and Role in the Pathology of Diseases Book
Author : Subhra K. Biswas,Alberto Mantovani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 1493913115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Macrophages are a key component of the innate immune system and play an integral role in host defense and homeostasis. On one hand, these cells contribute to host defence by triggering inflammation, displaying microbicidal/tumoricidal properties, regulating the activation of adaptive immunity and promoting resolution of inflammation. On the other hand, they contribute to essential trophic functions such as neural patterning, bone morphogenesis and ductal branching in mammary glands. Thus, macrophages are extremely versatile cells that can respond efficiently to tissue micro environmental cues by polarizing to distinct phenotypes, depending on the functions they need to perform. Indeed, functional diversity and plasticity are hallmarks of these cells. Macrophages may also play a detrimental role. An overwhelming body of literature has indicated their crucial role in pathogenesis. The list includes sepsis, cancer, metabolic syndrome, immunodeficiency, auto-immune disease-virtually impacting every major pathology that we know. These observations have suggested macrophages and their related molecules as potential targets in therapeutic applications. Available evidence proclaims macrophages as a key player in homeostasis, host defense and disease. Crucial developments in the past few years call for a re-evaluation and update of our understanding of macrophages. The present book is an endeavour that attempts provide state-of-the art knowledge of these cells in health and disease.

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease Book
Author : Shampa Chatterjee,Wolfgang Jungraithmayr,Debasis Bagchi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-31
ISBN : 0128054026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease: Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support provides a comprehensive description of the various pathways by which the vertebrate immune system works, the signals that trigger immune response and how fnew and novel nutraceuticals and functional foods, can be used to contain inflammation and also to boost immunity and immune health. Inflammation is a tool to fight pathogens and the vertebrate immune system has a very complex network of cells to achieve this. However inflammation that goes awry is also the leding cause of several diseases ranging from cardiovascular diseases to diabetes. This book covers the entire gamut from the various cellular players in the inflammation-immune response to its ramifications in terms of protection against pathogens as well as in onset of metabolic, aging and auto-immune related diseases. Finally, the balancing role of dietary nutrients between host defence and immune support is also showcased. The first three scetions explain the various components of the immune system and their modes of activation. The fourth section deals with the ramifications of a robust and execessive inflammatory response. The fifth section is focused on the association between nutrition and immunity and how deficiencies in certain nutrients may affect immunocompetence. The sixth section chapters represent a vision of paradigm shifts within the field and discusses possible future directions. This bool will be a valuable reference for researchers studying immune health either in academia, or in the nutraceutical or functional food industries. Product developers in nutraceutical, supplement, functional food, and health food companies will also appreciate the information presented here. Conceptualizes the key features in natural products which can boost immune function and immune health Explains the intricate mechanistic aspects and balance behind immune health Presents the pathophysiology of several diseases associated with immune system disruption

Biology of C Reactive Protein in Health and Disease

Biology of C Reactive Protein in Health and Disease Book
Author : Waliza Ansar,Shyamasree Ghosh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 8132226801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive study of C-reactive protein (CRP) belonging to the pentraxin family, including a brief history of CRP, its structure, synthesis and evolution. Focusing on the emerging role of CRP and its clinical application in the field of disease biology, it details the pathophysiological role of CRP in a host of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, rheumatoid arthritis and infectious diseases and others. It also discusses the role of innate immunity and acute phase response (APR) and their key mediators in the host body in response to tissue injury, infection, trauma or surgery, immunological disorders or neoplastic growth. CRP’s significance in inflammation is highlighted, and its importance as a clinical marker in cardiovascular disease, its functional significance in Leishmania and Plasmodium infections, its association with the development of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus, and its role in cancer are discussed in detail. The book also includes clinical data studies and presents the latest research advances to further readers’ understanding of CRP.

The Metabolic Challenges of Immune Cells in Health and Disease

The Metabolic Challenges of Immune Cells in Health and Disease Book
Author : Claudio Mauro,Christian Frezza
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-07-13
ISBN : 2889196224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Obesity and its co-morbidities, including atherosclerosis, insulin resistance and diabetes, are a world-wide epidemic. Inflammatory immune responses in metabolic tissues have emerged as a universal feature of these metabolic disorders. While initial work highlighted the contribution of macrophages to tissue inflammation and insulin resistance, recent studies demonstrate that cells of the adaptive immune compartment, including T and B lymphocytes and dendritic cells also participate in obesity-induced pathogenesis of these conditions. However, the molecular and cellular pathways by which the innate and adaptive branches of immunity control tissue and systemic metabolism remain poorly understood. To engage in growth and activation, cells need to increase their biomass and replicate their genome. This process presents a substantial bioenergetic challenge: growing and activated cells must increase ATP production and acquire or synthesize raw materials, including lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. To do so, they actively reprogram their intracellular metabolism from catabolic mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis and other anabolic pathways. This metabolic reprogramming is under the control of specific signal transduction pathways whose underlying molecular mechanisms and relevance to physiology and disease are subject of considerable current interest and under intense study. Recent reports have elucidated the physiological role of metabolic reprogramming in macrophage and T cell activation and differentiation, B- and dendritic cell biology, as well as in the crosstalk of immune cells with endothelial and stem cells. It is also becoming increasingly evident that alterations of metabolic pathways play a major role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory disorders. Due to the scientific distance between immunologists and experts in metabolism (e.g., clinicians and biochemists), however, there has been limited cross-talk between these communities. This collection of articles aims at promoting such cross-talk and accelerating discoveries in the emerging field of immunometabolism.

Cytokine Frontiers

Cytokine Frontiers Book
Author : Takayuki Yoshimoto,Tomohiro Yoshimoto
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 4431544429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book guides the reader through the latest research on the cytokine network, covering signaling pathways, control of the immune response, and potential therapeutics. Different cytokines stimulate diverse responses in various phases of inflammation and immunity, including the innate immune response, the generation of effector T cells, and the development of antibodies by the humoral immune system. It is now clear that the pathophysiology of many infectious, autoimmune, allergic, and malignant diseases can be largely explained by which cytokines are induced and subsequently regulate the cellular responses. In clinical medicine, cytokines are involved in a wide spectrum of diseases. This book describes in three parts the properties and roles of 15 key cytokines under physiological and pathological conditions. Part I presents nine cytokines associated with inflammatory disorders, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and the recently identified new helper T (Th) subset: Th17 cells. Part II gives details of three cytokines associated with allergic disorders, including Th2 responses and recently identified types of innate cells. Part III describes three cytokines that are associated with immunological tolerance and anti-inflammation, including regulatory T (Treg) cells, IL-10-producing Treg (Tr1) cells, and inducible IL-35-producing Treg (iTr35) cells. Cytokines are considered to be important as therapeutic targets for specific agonists or antagonists in numerous immune and inflammatory diseases. The ultimate goal of this book is to facilitate the development of therapeutic treatments for such diseases which has been limited by an insufficient understanding of the biology of cytokines and the complicated network that they create.

Therapeutic Targets in Airway Inflammation

Therapeutic Targets in Airway Inflammation Book
Author : N. Tony Eissa,David P. Huston
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-05-13
ISBN : 0203911474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This reference examines the cellular, molecular, and genetic mechanisms involved in airway inflammation, as well as the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and aetiology of asthma. It explores strategies to prevent cellular injury and oxidative tissue damage, inhibit key inflammatory pathways and identify disease-specific targets to reduce the induction

Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease

Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease Book
Author : Giamila Fantuzzi,Carol Braunschweig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-25
ISBN : 1627037705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The field of adipose tissue biology has been expanding at a very rapid pace in the last few years. Numerous advances have been made since publication of the first edition of this book, in terms of basic adipocyte biology, understanding of the determinants of obesity, distribution of body fat and weight loss, as well as the mechanisms linking excess adiposity to various co-morbidities. Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease, Second Edition contains updated chapters from the previous volume but as the field has evolved, some areas covered in the first edition have been refocused to address the new knowledge. The volume is divided in four sections: the first two deal with basic adipose tissue and adipokine biology, while the last two address the problem of obesity and alterations in adipose tissue function from an epidemiological and clinical standpoint. The chapters are written by experts in their fields and include the most up to date scientific information. Adipose Tissue and Adipokines in Health and Disease, Second Edition is a useful resource for physicians interested in adipose tissue biology and basic scientists who want to know more about applied aspects of the field. The book targets endocrinologists, residents and fellows, internists, nutritionists and general practitioners who are exposed to an ever-expanding obese population.

Inflammatory Mechanisms in Asthma

Inflammatory Mechanisms in Asthma Book
Author : Stephen Holgate
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351438492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This timely volume brings together the latest basic and clinical insights on the cellular and mediator mechanisms involved in the induction and persistence of airway dysfunction of asthma by over 90 experts in the field-paving the way for developing novel and more effective antiinflammatory therapeutic agents and strategies. Furnishing a comprehensive and up-to-date view of the expanding and interrelated components underlying asthma pathogenesis, Inflammatory Mechanisms in Asthma describes how evidence on airway inflammation is obtained with invasive and noninvasive procedures, such as bronchoalveolar lavage and sputum analysis reviews the complex interactions of inflammatory cells that contribute to chronic inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity, including eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and macrophages considers mast cells, cytokines, neural factors, leukotrienes, kinins, and other mediators that regulate the development, establishment, or resolution of asthma exacerbations presents new information suggesting that airway changes in asthma can lead to remodeling or airway fibrosis and more! Enhanced with over 4700 references, tables, drawings, and photographs, this compelling investigation into the pathophysiology of asthma is an indispensable resource for pulmonologists, physiologists, immunologists, allergists, epidemiologists, biochemists, molecular biologists, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation

Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation Book
Author : Robert F. Diegelmann,Charles E. Chalfant
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2016-03-07
ISBN : 1681082276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation provides information about the critical cells and biochemical mediators involved in the complex process of inflammation. Readers are introduced to the basic scientific background on the subject, after which the book progresses towards translational research in clinical settings. Topics covered in this volume include, the modulation of inflammation during normal and chronic wound healing, altered metabolism during inflammation processes, the effect of ageing on inflammatory processes, as well as details about the underlying molecular processes behind specific clinical pathologies that are driven by excessive inflammation in the body (allergic reactions, type 2 diabetes, cardiac and vascular disease, arthritis, periodontal disease, inflammatory bowel disease and neuroinflammation). The volume also provides the latest information on pharmacotherapy for inflammation and interesting contributions towards the mathematical modeling and network analysis of inflammation. Basic Biology and Clinical Aspects of Inflammation features contributions from by a distinguished group of international researchers and clinicians highly recognized for their specific expertise in the field of inflammation. The information presented in this reference is useful to academics, medical professionals, health care regulators and pharmaceutical scientists.

The Immunological Basis of Asthma

The Immunological Basis of Asthma Book
Author : Bart Lambrecht,Henk Hoogsteden,Zuzana Diamant
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-02-26
ISBN : 9780824747640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This text assesses the role of dendritic cells, T and B lymphocytes, epithelial and mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and their products in the initiation and progression of airway inflammation, regulation, and repair. It unveils advances in immunology and cell biology to generate new therapeutic regimens for inflammatory and aller

Macrophages in inflammation and its resolution

Macrophages in inflammation and its resolution Book
Author : Heiko Mühl,Patrizia Rovere-Querini,Amiram Ariel,Jerrold S. Levine,Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 2889190730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Macrophages were initially identified as a key element in the innate host response to infection and injury due to their phagocytic clearance and elimination of pathogenic and non-pathogenic entities. However, as macrophage research advanced it became clear that not only are these cells amenable to the acquisition of multiple plastic phenotypes during inflammatory responses to different pathogens, they also play a paramount role in the termination of inflammation and acquired immune responses. In addition, macrophages profoundly affect host physiology when they migrate to distant sites and differentiate to specialized cells, like foam cells, osteoclasts, adipose tissue- and tumor -associated macrophages and other macrophage-derived cell types. These processes are affected by the inflammation-resolution axis and can result in health threats, such as atherosclerosis, bone loss, obesity, fibrosis and cancer. This Research Topic issue will cover a wide range of topics in macrophage biology: 1. Macrophages in immune responses to pathogens 2. Macrophages in the termination of acute and acquired immunity. 3. The role of macrophages and their descendents in inflammation-associated pathologies. 4. Macrophage polarization and differentiation. Particular focus will be given to the modulation of macrophage phenotype and function following their encounter with apoptotic cells and the signaling cascades that govern these changes.

Lung Macrophages in Health and Disease

Lung Macrophages in Health and Disease Book
Author : Sandra Hodge
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2009-09-12
ISBN : 1608050203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"This Ebook is edited by Sandra Hodge, a recognized expert in the field of macrophage dysfunction in chronic lung disease. The book consists of 8 chapters which provide a full coverage of macrophage function in both healthy and chronically diseased lungs, "

Inflammatory Diseases of Blood Vessels

Inflammatory Diseases of Blood Vessels Book
Author : Gary S. Hoffman,Cornelia M. Weyand,Carol A. Langford,Jorg J. Goronzy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-10
ISBN : 111835527X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In recent years, considerable progress has been made in understanding the vasculitic diseases, largely due to the introduction of effective treatments for diseases that were once uniformly fatal, the conduct of structured clinical studies, and advances in immunology and molecular biology. Despite these achievements, the vasculitic diseases continue to be associated with morbidity and mortality from chronic organ damage, relapses, and the side effects of treatment. Investigations into the mechanisms of vascular inflammation may lead to a better comprehension of the pathogenesis of vasculitic diseases and to treatment that is more effective and less toxic. These areas of promising research, together with current knowledge about the vasculitic diseases, are extensively examined in this new edition, which is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the science and clinical consequences of vascular inflammation in health and disease.

Fibronectin in Health and Disease

Fibronectin in Health and Disease Book
Author : Steven E. Carsons
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-18
ISBN : 1351080482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This timely volume highlights current knowledge concerning the role of fibronectin in human biology and medicine. It is intended to stimulate further investigation in this area. Emphasized are the importance of fibronectin in the interaction between the cell and its environment; and the role of the fibronectin in the determination of cell behavior in normal physiologic processes, in malignant behavior of cells, and in inflammatory disease. This book is valuable to those in the biomedical community interested in fibronectin, the microenvironment and extracellular matrix. It is also important to those interested in the pathobiochemistry of malignant disease and inflammatory disorders.

Microglia in Health and Disease A Unique Immune Cell Population

Microglia in Health and Disease  A Unique Immune Cell Population Book
Author : Alessandro Michelucci,Michel Mittelbronn,Diego Gomez-Nicola
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 2889456013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Microglia are essential for the development and function of the adult brain. Their ontogeny, together with the absence of turnover from the periphery and the singular environment of the central nervous system (CNS), make microglia a unique cell population compared to other tissue-macrophages. The unique properties and functions of microglial cells, such as their role in synaptic pruning or the exceptional capacity to scan the brain parenchyma and rapidly react to its perturbations, have emerged in recent years. In the coming years, understanding how microglia acquire and maintain their unique profiles in order to fulfil distinct tasks in the healthy CNS and how these are altered in disease, will be essential to develop strategies to diagnose or treat CNS disorders with an immunological component. This Research Topic covers several aspects of microglial biology, ranging from their origin and the functional role of microglia during development and lifespan, their molecular properties compared with other brain and peripheral immune cells to microglial phenotypes and functional states in neurodegenerative diseases and brain tumours. In conclusion, the present Research Topic provides a comprehensive overview of our current understanding of several cellular and molecular mechanisms that make microglia a unique immune cell population within the healthy CNS as well as under inflammatory, neurodegenerative and tumorigenic processes.

Pulmonary Biology in Health and Disease

Pulmonary Biology in Health and Disease Book
Author : Edward E. Bittar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-28
ISBN : 0387224351
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Pulmonary Biology in Health and Disease was conceived as a companion to a handful of expensive, multivolume textbooks. This is part of the promising trend to publish shorter textbooks on the subjects of lung biology and remodeling. Whoever is familiar with human biology and the far-reaching consequences of the genome and postgenome revolutions is apt to concede that the centerpiece in remodeling lies in the ?eld of m- ecular cardiobiology. The ?eld of molecular cardiobiology includes the syndrome of chronic heart failure as well as ischemic cardioprotection. By analogy, the centerpiece in pulmonobiology is chronic asthma. Key topics in the present volume include s- naling mechanisms regulating the endothelium and smooth muscle cells,in?ammatory cells, mediators, airway surface liquid, and pharmacological therapy that focuses on how in?amed airways are altered. Written primarily for predoctoral and postdoctoral graduates in the basic medical sciences, the medical student and postdoctoral physician, graduates in the allied s- ences, nurses, pulmonologists, and physicians in critical care medicine, this book p- vides many of the fundamentals of contemporary pulmonology. It is divided into several parts devoted to the control of respiration, arterial chemoreceptors,muscles of ventilation, pulmonary physiology, and gas exchange in health, exercise, and disease. Special emphasis is placed on emphysema and its pathobiology, acute lung injury, asthma and inhaled toxicants. Because the ?eld is always evolving, each chapter includes recommended readings that lead the reader to sources of additional information, such as the review on remodeling of the blood gas barrier by West and Mathieu-Costello.

NK Cell Subsets in Health and Disease New Developments

NK Cell Subsets in Health and Disease  New Developments Book
Author : Emanuela Marcenaro,Luigi D. Notarangelo,Jordan S. Orange,Eric Vivier
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-11-29
ISBN : 2889453502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Natural Killer (NK) cells were discovered ca 1975, as the first group of lymphoid cells that were neither T cells nor B cells. Since then, the dissection of the biology of NK cells has been growing exponentially with many seminal discoveries from the identification of MHC class I-specific inhibitory receptors to the discovery of receptor-ligand pairs involved in NK cell activation and to the manipulation of NK cells in cancer. In this research topic, we asked a group of thought leaders in NK cell biology to review recent advances in their origins and biology, and their roles in cancer, infection and inflammation. Together, these 25 articles provide a timely survey of NK cells as critical immunologic components of health and disease. They will hopefully prompt further dialogue and developments in basic and translational immunology.

Cytokines in Animal Health and Disease

Cytokines in Animal Health and Disease Book
Author : Michael J. Myers
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-06-09
ISBN : 9780824794354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This work offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of cytokine biology in veterinary and agricultural species, describing the role of cytokines in physiological and pathological processes. It addresses recent advances and new information on the function of cytokines in reproduction, detoxification of xenobiotics, growth modulation and other areas, and discusses the approaches to and pitfalls of studying cytokines in animals.

Myeloid Cells in Health and Disease

Myeloid Cells in Health and Disease Book
Author : Siamon Gordon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 1555819192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The structure, functions, and interactions of myeloid cells have long been the focus of research and therapeutics development. Yet, much more remains to be discovered about the complex web of relationships that makes up the immune systems of animals. Scientists today are applying genome-wide analyses, single-cell methods, gene editing, and modern imaging techniques to reveal new subclasses of differentiated myeloid cells, new receptors and cytokines, and important interactions among immune cells. In Myeloid Cells in Health and Disease: A Synthesis, Editor Siamon Gordon has assembled an international team of esteemed scientists to provide their perspectives of myeloid cells during innate and adaptive immunity. The book begins by presenting the foundational research of Paul Ehrlich, Elie Metchnikoff, and Donald Metcalf. The following chapters discuss evolution and the life cycles of myeloid cells; specific types of differentiated myeloid cells, including macrophage differentiation; and antigen processing and presentation. The rest of the book is organized by broad topics in immunology, including the recruitment of myeloid and other immune cells following microbial infection the role of myeloid cells in the inflammation process and the repair of damaged tissue the vast arsenal of myeloid cell secretory molecules, including metalloproteinases, tumor necrosis factor, histamine, and perforin receptors and downstream signaling pathways that are activated following ligand-receptor binding roles of myeloid cells during microbial and parasite infections contributions of myeloid cells in atherosclerosis myeloid-derived suppressor cells in tumor development and cancer Myeloid Cells in Health and Disease: A Synthesis will benefit graduate students and researchers in immunology, hematology, microbial pathogenesis, infectious disease, pathology, and pharmacology. Established scientists and physicians in these and related fields will enjoy the book's rich history of myeloid cell research and suggestions for future research directions and potential therapies.