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Luminescence Dating In The Natural Sciences

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Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences Book
Author : Michel Lamothe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-12-15
ISBN : 9780128172445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences covers the exponential number of applications and significant advances in methodology that have come to light since the early 2000s. It addition, it presents other aspects of the topic, including luminescence physics, its solid-state phenomenology, and theoretical and applied dosimetry. This book bridges the divide between users and practitioners of luminescence dating by reaching a large community of users in geology, geomorphology and archaeology. It will appeal to students, faculty members and private industry researchers, providing a brief discussion of the basic principles of luminescence dating. These principles will be further illustrated through case studies that examine both the potential and the limitations of luminescence dating. Covers basic physics and solid-state background principles Features case studies that illuminate both the potential and limitations of luminescence dating Includes instructions for recently developed technical tools, statistical packages, and field and laboratory protocols

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology Anthropology and Geoarchaeology

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology  Anthropology  and Geoarchaeology Book
Author : Ioannis Liritzis,Ashok Kumar Singhvi,James K. Feathers,Gunther A. Wagner,Annette Kadereit,Nikolaos Zacharias,Sheng-Hua Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-05
ISBN : 3319001701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of Luminescence Dating has reached a level of maturity. Both research and applications from all fields of archaeological science, from archaeological materials to anthropology and geoarchaeology, now routinely employ luminescence dating. The advent of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques and the potential for exploring a spectrum of grain aliquots enhanced the applicability, accuracy and the precision of luminescence dating. The present contribution reviews the physical basis, mechanisms and methodological aspects of luminescence dating; discusses advances in instrumentations and facilities, improvements in analytical procedures, and statistical treatment of data along with some examples of applications across continents, covering all periods (Middle Palaeolithic to Medieval) and both Old and New World archaeology. They also include interdisciplinary applications that contribute to palaeo-landscape reconstruction.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Book
Author : William M. Last,John P. Smol
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 030647669X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Origins of fallout radionuclides Sediment records of fallout radionuclides Simple dating models Vertical mixing Numerical techniques Radiometric techniques Discussion Summary Acknowledgements References 10. chronostratigraphic techniques in paleolimnology. Svante Björck & Barbara Wohlfarth 205 Introduction Methods and problems Radiocarbon-dating different fractions of the sediment as a chronostratigraphic tool Dating of long (old) stratigraphies High resolution dating and wiggle matching dating versus absolute dating techniques of lacustrine sediments Concluding remarks Summary Useful www addresses Acknowledgements References 11. Varve chronology techniques. Scott Lamoureux 247 Introduction Methods Summary and future directions Acknowledgements References 12. Luminescence dating. Olav B. Lian & D. J. Huntley 261 Introduction The mechanism responsible for luminescence Dating and estimation of the paleodose Thermoluminescence dating Optical dating Evaluating the environmental dose rate xi Sample collection and preparation What types of depositional environments are suitable for luminescence dating? What can lead to an inaccurate optical age? Summary Acknowledgements References 13. Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating in lacustrine environments. Bonnie A. B. Blackwell 283 Introduction Principles of ESR analysis Sample collection ESR analysis ESR microscopy and other new techniques Applications and datable materials in limnological settings Summary Acknowledgements References 14. Use of paleomagnetism in studies of lake sediments. John King & John Peck 371 Introduction Recording fidelity of geomagnetic behavior by sediments Field and laboratory methods Holocene SV records Magnetostratigraphic studies of Neogene lake sediments Excursions, short events and relative paleointensity Conclusions Summary References 15. Amino acid racemization (AAR) dating and analysis in lacustrine environments.

Earth Sciences and Archaeology

Earth Sciences and Archaeology Book
Author : Paul Goldberg,Vance T. Holliday,C. Reid Ferring
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1461511836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.

Archaeology

Archaeology Book
Author : Robert L. Kelly,David Hurst Thomas
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2016-01-08
ISBN : 1305888502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seventh edition of ARCHAEOLOGY reflects the most recent research and changes in the field, while making core concepts easy to understand through an engaging writing style, personalized examples, and high-interest topics. This text pairs two of archaeology's most recognized names, Robert L. Kelly and David Hurst Thomas, who together have over 75 years of experience leading excavations. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

New Technologies for Archaeology

New Technologies for Archaeology Book
Author : Markus Reindel,Günther A. Wagner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-02-07
ISBN : 3540874380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This heavily-illustrated book covers recent developments in archaeometry and offers a multidisciplinary approach to reconstructing complex cultural histories. It also presents a detailed history of human development in South America’s Nasca region.

Scientific Dating Methods

Scientific Dating Methods Book
Author : H.Y. Göksu,M. Oberhofer,D. Regulla
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1991-10-31
ISBN : 9780792314615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Begins a series publishing courses and educational seminars organized by the Commission of European Communities' Joint Research Centre at Ispra, Italy. Perhaps as the series matures, responsible parties will see the wisdom of not trusting authors to present readable typescripts, of mentioning where

Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences

Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences Book
Author : Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences
Publisher :
Release : 2003
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vol. 18 (1938) "Seventy-five years; a history of the Buffalo society of natural sciences, 1861-1936" (3 p. 1., 5-204 p.).

Early Pottery

Early Pottery Book
Author : Rebecca Saunders,Christopher T. Hays
Publisher : University Alabama Press
Release : 2004-12-26
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A synthesis of research on earthenware technologies of the Late Archaic Period in the southeastern U.S. Information on social groups and boundaries, and on interaction between groups, burgeons when pottery appears on the social landscape of the Southeast in the Late Archaic period (ca. 5000-3000 years ago). This volume provides a broad, comparative review of current data from "first potteries" of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains and in the lower Mississippi River Valley, and it presents research that expands our understanding of how pottery functioned in its earliest manifestations in this region. Included are discussions of Orange pottery in peninsular Florida, Stallings pottery in Georgia, Elliot's Point fiber-tempered pottery in the Florida panhandle, and the various pottery types found in excavations over the years at the Poverty Point site in northeastern Louisiana. The data and discussions demonstrate that there was much more interaction, and at an earlier date, than is often credited to Late Archaic societies. Indeed, extensive trade in pottery throughout the region occurs as early as 1500 B.C. These and other findings make this book indispensable to those involved in research into the origin and development of pottery in general and its unique history in the Southeast in particular.

KURRI Progress Report

KURRI Progress Report Book
Author : Kyōto Daigaku. Genshiro Jikkenjo
Publisher :
Release : 2008
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analysis of Lithic Artefact Microdebitage for Chronological Determination of Archaeological Sites

Analysis of Lithic Artefact Microdebitage for Chronological Determination of Archaeological Sites Book
Author : George J. Susino
Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
Release : 2007
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analysis of Lithic Artefact Microdebitage for Chronological Determination of Archaeologica Aby George J Susino This study explores several different techniques to isolate and determine the age of lithic microdebitage in relation to archaeological deposits and sedimentation.

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Book
Author : L. Boetter-Jensen,S.W.S. McKeever,A.G. Wintle
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10-24
ISBN : 9780080538075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) has become the technique of choice for many areas of radiation dosimetry. The technique is finding widespread application in a variety of radiation dosimetry fields, including personal monitoring, environmental monitoring, retrospective dosimetry (including geological dating and accident dosimetry), space dosimetry, and many more. In this book we have attempted to synthesize the major advances in the field, covering both fundamental understanding and the many applications. The latter serve to demonstrate the success and popularity of OSL as a dosimetry method. The book is designed for researchers and radiation dosimetry practitioners alike. It delves into the detailed theory of the process from the point of view of stimulated relaxation phenomena, describing the energy storage and release processes phenomenologically and developing detailed mathematical descriptions to enable a quantitative understanding of the observed phenomena. The various stimulation modes (continuous wave, pulsed, or linear modulation) are introduced and compared. The properties of the most important synthetic OSL materials beginning with the dominant carbon-doped Al2O3, and moving through discussions of other, less-well studied but nevertheless important, or potentially important, materials. The OSL properties of the two most important natural OSL dosimetry material types, namely quartz and feldspars are discussed in depth. The applications chapters deal with the use of OSL in personal, environmental, medical and UV dosimetry, geological dating and retrospective dosimetry (accident dosimetry and dating). Finally the developments in instrumentation that have occurred over the past decade or more are described. The book will find use in those laboratories within academia, national institutes and the private sector where research and applications in radiation dosimetry using luminescence are being conducted. Potential readers include personnel involved in radiation protection practice and research, hospitals, nuclear power stations, radiation clean-up and remediation, food irradiation and materials processing, security monitoring, geological and archaeological dating, luminescence studies of minerals, etc.

Holocene Climate and Environmental Change in the Palliser Triangle

Holocene Climate and Environmental Change in the Palliser Triangle Book
Author : Geological Survey of Canada
Publisher :
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Palliser Triangle extends from south-west Manitoba to south central Alberta, and is one of the most climatically sensitive regions in Canada. There is evidence & concern that climate change is likely to affect the Triangle. The geological record contains unique information on the impacts of a wide range of past climate changes. This paleoenvironmental record, and the context it provides for assessing the impacts of future climate change, is the focus of the Palliser Triangle Global Change Project. This bulletin contains 18 papers related to two major objectives of that Project: reconstruction of Holocene climatic and hydrological changes, and evaluation of the relationships between climate & landscape processes. The first paper is an overview of the Project and a broad synthesis of major results. The next nine papers are devoted to records of past climate & hydrological change documented in paleolimnological and hydrogeological studies. The rest of the papers focus on geomorphic processes in the Triangle and how these respond to climate forcing.

Annual Report

Annual Report Book
Author : Australian National University. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
Publisher :
Release : 1995
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :