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Low Grade Heat Driven Multi Effect Distillation And Desalination

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Low Grade Heat Driven Multi Effect Distillation and Desalination

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi Effect Distillation and Desalination Book
Author : Hui Tong Chua,Bijan Rahimi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-01
ISBN : 9780128051245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation describes the development of advanced multi-effect evaporation technologies that are driven by low grade sensible heat, which includes process waste heat in refineries, heat rejection from diesel generators or microturbines, solar energy and geothermal energy. The technologies can be applied to desalination in remote areas, purifying produced water in oil-and-gas industries, and re-concentrate process liquor in refineries. The book is meant for researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in desalination, petrochemical and mineral refining sectors. They will use the book to understand and to be convinced about the technologies and the opportunities that relate to their respective industries. For researchers and graduate students, the core enabling ideas in the book will give them insights and open up new horizons in thermal engineering. Focuses on advanced yet practical distillation technologies using low-grade sensible heat Explains the new design paradigm that has to accompany the development of the technologies Contains key experimental data that serve to prove the core concepts that underpin the new technologies Covers extensive thermo-economic analyses of the technologies, the price point for adoption, capital cost comparison with existing technologies, operating costs, and net present values

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi Effect Distillation and Desalination

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi Effect Distillation and Desalination Book
Author : Hui Tong Chua,Bijan Rahimi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-01
ISBN : 0128052708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-effect Distillation and Desalination describes the development of advanced multi-effect evaporation technologies that are driven by low grade sensible heat, including process waste heat in refineries, heat rejection from diesel generators or microturbines, and solar and geothermal energy. The technologies discussed can be applied to desalination in remote areas, purifying produced water in oil-and-gas industries, and to re-concentrate process liquor in refineries. This book is ideal for researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in the desalination, petrochemical, and mineral refining sectors, helping them further understand the technologies and opportunities that relate to their respective industries. For researchers and graduate students, the core enabling ideas in the book will provide insights and open up new horizons in thermal engineering. Focuses on advanced, yet practical, distillation technologies using low-grade sensible heat Explains the new design paradigm that must accompany the development of technologies Contains key experimental data that serves to prove the core concepts that underpin the new technologies Covers extensive thermo-economic analyses of the technologies, the price point for adoption, capital cost comparison with existing technologies, operating costs, and net present values

Pathways and Challenges for Efficient Desalination

Pathways and Challenges for Efficient Desalination Book
Author : Muhammad Wakil Shahzad,Mike Dixon,Giancarlo Barassi,Ben Bin Xu,Yinzhu Jiang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-06-01
ISBN : 1839688769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to industrialization and increasing population, water demand continues to grow at compound annual growth rates of 7–8%. The current demand is also intensified by increased water utilization for hand washing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Today, around 20,000 desalination plants operating around the world produce 100 million cubic meters of water per day to supply 300 million people. These desalination plants are a major source of environmental and marine pollution due to their inefficient operation. Scientists and researchers are encouraged to develop out-of-box solutions to achieve future sustainability. This book addresses key challenges related to the desalination industry.

Solar Driven Water Treatment

Solar Driven Water Treatment Book
Author : Omid Mahian,Jinjia Wei,Robert A. Taylor,Somchai Wongwises
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0323900038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle looks at the use of solar energy and in particular photovoltaic technologies, as a viable, accessible and sustainable option in the treatment of water. Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle provides insight into the different solar powered technologies, in-depth information about the viability of sunlight in the water treatment process, the potential environmental implications as well as the performance, economics, operation and maintenance of the discussed technologies. Elaborating on the potential issues and health risks associated with the water purification systems this reference also covers the need for appropriate technologies in the present scenario to improve worldwide access to clean drinking water. Readers will learn the most appropriate technology for their specific need making this book useful for renewable energy and environmental engineers in investigating energy efficiency, water treatment technologies, and the economics of technological change in the treatment of water by solar technologies. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve the issue of drinking water scarcity by solar energy Describes various solar water treatment techniques with their environmental impacts Cover issues associated with solar water purification and the need for technology assessment

32nd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

32nd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book
Author : Ludovic Montastruc,Stephane Negny
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-30
ISBN : 032395880X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

32nd European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering: ESCAPE-32 contains the papers presented at the 32nd European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event held in Toulouse, France. It is a valuable resource for chemical engineers, chemical process engineers, researchers in industry and academia, students and consultants for chemical industries who work in process development and design. Presents findings and discussions from the 32nd European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) event

Advances In Water Desalination Technologies

Advances In Water Desalination Technologies Book
Author : Yoram Cohen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 9811226997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents chapters from world leaders on water desalination advances with respect to processes, separations materials, and energy and environmental considerations. It provides a balanced discussion of the mature and newer desalination technologies and provides a fundamental assessment of the potential of emerging approaches. Realistic assessments for the feasibility of energy extraction from salinity gradients, desalting high salinity source water, membrane distillation, capacitive deionization, are among the topics discussed. Also, among the topics discussed in the book are recent advances in the desalination application of nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes, and surface structuring of membranes.

Distillation Processes

Distillation Processes Book
Author : Vilmar Steffen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-08-31
ISBN : 1839628073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distillation is an important separation technique that has been used for many centuries to exploit the volatility differences between components in a mixture. The distillation process has many variations and applications. This book includes two sections on desalination and reactive distillation. It discusses desalination in the processes of solar and membrane distillation, with a focus on the reduction of energy costs to obtain potable water. It also discusses reactive distillation, which can be used in some cases to reduce the power duty in the separation process by using the reaction heat directly in the separation. The book includes cases of mathematical modeling, simulation, and optimization of the distillation process.

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination Book
Author : Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 3030728730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book explores the most promising and reliable technological developments expected to impact on the next generation of desalination systems. The book includes research studies which takes the reader on a fascinating walk through the multidisciplinary world of membrane science applied to water treatment. Concerning the ultimate technological advancement, the book seeks to investigate how to bridge the gap between the laboratory scale and the applicability to industry.

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination Book
Author : Nurit Kress
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-03-15
ISBN : 0128119535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination: Science, Management and Policy combines existing studies with the personal research of the author into a unified work describing the effects of seawater desalination on marine environments. In particular, the book identifies knowledge gaps and recommends future research paths that may be taken. The book covers the current and emerging desalination processes, how environmental factors impact desalination operations and the historical and potential impacts of seawater desalination on the marine environment. This book is ideal as a reference for engineers and developers working towards mitigation and prevention of environmental impacts. In addition, scientists and researchers in environmental studies programs, as well as regulators and decision makers will find the data presented in the book to be useful as a guide for building and operating desalination plants. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to help readers understand the environmental impact of seawater desalination on the marine environment Presents environmental effects based on real data, helping the reader improve processes and mitigate effects Includes possible future effects, thus directing the reader towards important research issues

Advancement in Polymer Based Membranes for Water Remediation

Advancement in Polymer Based Membranes for Water Remediation Book
Author : Sanjay K. Nayak,Kingshuk Dutta,Jaydevsinh M. Gohil
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-02-23
ISBN : 0323885179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancements in Polymer-Based Membranes for Water Remediation describes the advanced membrane science and engineering behind the separation processes within the domain of polymer-based membrane systems in water remediation. Emphasis has been put on several aspects, ranging from fundamental concepts to the commercialization of pressure and potential driven membranes, updated with the latest technological progresses, and relevant polymer materials and application potential towards water treatment systems. Also included in this book are advances in polymers for membrane application in reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, forward osmosis, and polymeric ion-exchange membranes for electrodialysis and capacitive deionization. With its critical analyzes and opinions from experts around the world, this book will garner considerable interest among actual users, i.e., scientists, engineers, industrialists, entrepreneurs and students. Evaluates water remediation using pressure driven and potential driven membrane processes Reviews emerging polymer systems for membranes preparation Offers a comprehensive analysis in the development of polymer-based membranes and their applications in water remediation Analyzes membrane performance parameters to evaluate separation efficiency for various water pollutants Covers concept-to-commercialization aspects of polymer-based membranes in terms of water purification, pollutant removal, stability and scalability

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination Book
Author : Hacene Mahmoudi,Noreddine Ghaffour,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 1317287444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 1315735237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.

Innovative Materials and Methods for Water Treatment

Innovative Materials and Methods for Water Treatment Book
Author : Marek Bryjak,Nalan Kabay,Bernabe L. Rivas,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-17
ISBN : 1315682605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to increasing demand for potable and irrigation water, water suppliers have to use alternative resources. They either have to regenerate wastewater or deal with contaminated surface water. This book brings together the experiences of various experts in preparing of innovative materials that are selective for arsenic and chromium removal, and in

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Energy and Environment

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment  Energy and Environment Book
Author : A.F. Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-03-16
ISBN : 1315645777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Realizing that water, energy and food are the three pillars to sustain the growth of human population in the future, this book deals with all the above aspects with particular emphasis on water and energy. In particular, the book addresses applications of membrane science and technology for water and wastewater treatment, energy and environment. Th

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 1351715267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Geothermal Water Management

Geothermal Water Management Book
Author : Jochen Bundschuh,Barbara Tomaszewska
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-12
ISBN : 1317562585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Availability of and adequate accessibility to freshwater and energy are two key technological and scientific problems of global significance. At the end of the 20th century, the deficit of water for human consumption and economic application forced us to focus on rational use of resources. Increasing the use of renewable energy sources and improving energy efficiency is a challenge for the 21st century. Geothermal energy is heat energy generated and stored in the Earth, accumulated in hydrothermal systems or in dry rocks within the Earth’s crust, in amounts which constitute the energy resources. The sustainable management of geothermal energy resources should be geared towards optimization of energy recovery, but also towards rational management of water resources since geothermal water serves both as energy carrier and also as valuable raw material. Geothermal waters, depending on their hydrogeothermal characteristics, the lithology of the rocks involved, the depth at which the resources occur and the sources of water supply, may be characterized by very diverse physicochemical parameters. This factor largely determines the technology to be used in their exploitation and the way the geothermal water can be used. This book is focused on the effective use of geothermal water and renewable energy for future needs in order to promote modern, sustainable and effective management of water resources. The research field includes crucial new areas of study: • an improvement in the management of freshwater resources through the use of residual geothermal water; • a review of the technologies available in the field of geothermal water treatment for its (re)use for energetic purposes and freshwater production, and • the development of balneotherapy. The book is aimed at professionals, academics and decision makers worldwide, water sector representatives and administrators, business enterprises specializing in renewable energy management and water treatment, working in the areas of geothermal energy usage, water resources, water supply and energy planning. This book has the potential to become a standard text used by educational institutions and research & development establishments involved in the geothermal water management.

Legacy Pathogenic and Emerging Contaminants in the Environment

Legacy  Pathogenic and Emerging Contaminants in the Environment Book
Author : Manish Kumar,Meththika Vithanage,Sanjeeb Mohapatra,Kishor Acharya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-31
ISBN : 1000473767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the time when legacy, pathogenic, and emerging contaminants must be talked about, understood, and dealt with together. While the geogenic contamination of the groundwater is a well-established phenomenon that is considered as legacy contaminants that risk people’s health globally, both pathogenic and emerging contaminants like various water-borne pathogens and pharmaceutical personal care products (PPCPs) are becoming imperative for their acute and chronic toxic effects. While contaminated groundwater consumption leads to skin pigmentation, hyperkeratosis, kidney damage, cardiovascular disease, and children’s overall development, poor sanitation-related pathogenic microorganisms cause a significant number of child and prenatal deaths. Simultaneously, antibiotic microbial resistance (AMR) is expected to kill 100 million people by 2050. However, there are rare texts that combine aspects of all these three under a single book cover. This book gives an understanding of the occurrence, fate, and transport of geogenic, microbial, and anthropogenic contaminants in the groundwater. It covers not only the scientific and technical aspects but also environmental, legal, and policy aspects for contaminant management in the environment under the paradigm shift of COVID-19. This book is intended to bring the focus on the natural contaminants—biotic or abiotic—in the post-COVID Anthropocene, which is illustrating a significant alteration of systems and the subsequent downstream impacts owing to globalization. This book has compiled global work on emergence, mass flow, partitioning, and activation of geogenic, emerging, and pathogenic contaminants in various spheres of environment with special emphasis on soil, sediment, and aquatic systems for enhancing the understanding on their migration and evolution for the welfare of mankind.

Contaminants of Emerging Concerns and Reigning Removal Technologies

Contaminants of Emerging Concerns and Reigning Removal Technologies Book
Author : Manish Kumar,Sanjeeb Mohapatra,Kishor Acharya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-06-30
ISBN : 1000551040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With an increased demand for wastewater reuse, groundwater recharge with treated wastewater has been practiced across the globe. As a result, groundwater quality deteriorates by emerging micropollutants from various anthropogenic origins, including untreated wastewater, seepage of landfill leachate, and runoff from agricultural lands. The fate of such emerging and geogenic contaminants in subsurface systems, especially in the groundwater, depends on several factors. Physicochemical properties of contaminants such as octanol-water partition coefficient, dissociation constant, water solubility, susceptibility to biodegradation under anaerobic conditions, and environmental persistence under diverse geological and pH conditions play a critical role during subsurface mass flow. Thus, advanced wastewater treatment techniques, followed by implementing stricter guidelines, are some of the measures that can safeguard water resources. This book, in general, gives an understanding of the fate and mitigation strategies for emerging and geogenic contaminants in the groundwater. The first and second sections provide a detailed insight into various removal techniques and mitigation approaches. Possible treatment strategies, including bioremediation and natural attenuation, are also covered in those sections. Environmental assessment, groundwater vulnerability, health effects, and regulations pertaining to various contaminants are systematically presented in the third section.

Desalination

Desalination Book
Author : Mohammad Hossein Davood Abadi Farahani,Vahid Vatanpour,Amir Taheri
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 1789847389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Undoubtedly, drinking water of an acceptable quality has become a scarce commodity. Water shortage is becoming a major concern all around the world due to limited freshwater resources as well as the high cost of freshwater transportation from freshwater-rich areas to arid areas. As a result, solutions such as water recycling and desalination of saline or brackish water are being introduced and emerging worldwide as alternative ways of supplying water. Desalination of seawater is known to be one of mankind’s earliest forms of water treatment, and it has become one of the most sustainable alternative solutions to provide freshwater for many communities and industrial sectors. This book aims to cover the challenges and opportunities in desalination processes.

Sustainable Separation Engineering

Sustainable Separation Engineering Book
Author : Gyorgy Szekely,Dan Zhao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-04-04
ISBN : 111974010X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Separation Engineering Explore an insightful collection of resources exploring conventional and emerging materials and techniques for separations In Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development, a team of distinguished chemical engineers delivers a comprehensive discussion of the latest trends in sustainable separation engineering. Designed to facilitate understanding and knowledge transfer between materials scientists and chemical engineers, the book is beneficial for scientists, practitioners, technologists, and industrial managers. Written from a sustainability perspective, the status and need for more emphasis on sustainable separations in the chemical engineering curriculum is highlighted. The accomplished editors have included contributions that explore a variety of conventional and emerging materials and techniques for efficient separations, as well as the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in separation science and technology. Case studies round out the included material, discussing a broad range of separation applications, like battery recycling, carbon sequestration, and biofuel production. This edited volume also provides: Thorough introductions to green materials for sustainable separations, as well as advanced materials for sustainable oil and water separation Comprehensive explorations of the recycling of lithium batteries and ionic liquids for sustainable separation processes Practical discussions of carbon sequestration, the recycling of polymer materials, and AI for the development of separation materials and processes In-depth examinations of membranes for sustainable separations, green extraction processes, and adsorption processes for sustainable separations Perfect for academic and industrial researchers interested in the green and sustainable aspects of separation science, Sustainable Separation Engineering: Materials, Techniques and Process Development is an indispensable resource for chemical engineers, materials scientists, polymer scientists, and renewable energy professionals.