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Long Term Ecological Change In The Northern Gulf Of Alaska

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Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Book
Author : R.B. Spies
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-12
ISBN : 0080469426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive text is a major synthesis on ecological change in the Gulf of Alaska. It encompasses the structural and annual changes, forces of change, long-ecological changes in the atmosphere and ocean, plankton, fish, birds and mammals, and the effects of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. With 5 major sections, Long-term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska first describes the physical features, the atmosphere and physical oceanography, the annual production cycle, the forage base for higher animals and trophic transfer, and the adaptations for survival in this changing environment for 9 portal species. Then, the major forces of change are introduced: climate, geophysics, fisheries and harvesting, species interactions, disease and contaminants. Next, the long-term records of change in physical factors and biological populations are presented, as well as the potential reasons for the biological changes. Following is the history of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its long-term effects. And, finally, the emergent properties of the ecosystem are discussed and an attempt is made to weigh the importance of the major forcing factors in terms of their temporal and spatial scales of influence. * Examines important data on long-term change in the ecosystem and the forcing factors that are responsible for it * Provides an account of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill with emphasis on the long-term effects * Describes the effects of climate change, geophysical change, species interactions, harvesting, disease, the 1989 oil spill, and marine contaminants on key populations of marine organisms

Long term ecological change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

Long term ecological change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Book
Author : Robert Bernard Spies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Long term ecological change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska book written by Robert Bernard Spies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Long Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

Long Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Book
Author : Spies RS.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Long Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska book written by Spies RS., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustaining Wildlands

Sustaining Wildlands Book
Author : Aaron J. Poe,Randy Gimblett
Publisher : University of Arizona Press
Release : 2017-11-14
ISBN : 0816535647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Nearly thirty years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, land managers and stakeholders explore the ongoing paradox of accommodating human use while reducing environmental impact in Prince William Sound"--Provided by publisher.

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Book
Author : Nagina Parmar,Ajay Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-09
ISBN : 3642418376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 4 billion years, microorganisms have contributed to shaping the earth and making it more habitable for higher forms of life. They are remarkable in their metabolic diversity and their ability to harvest energy from oxidation and reduction reactions. Research on these microbiological processes has led to the newly evolving fields of geomicrobiology and biogeochemistry, linking the geosphere and the biosphere. This volume of the Soil Biology series provides an overview of the biogeochemical processes and the microorganisms involved, with an emphasis on the industrial applications. Topics treated include aspects such as bioremediation of contaminated environments, biomining, biotechnological applications of extremophiles, subsurface petroleum microbiology, enhanced oil recovery using microbes and their products, metal extraction from soil, soil elemental cycling and plant nutrition.

The Fate of Nature

The Fate of Nature Book
Author : Charles Wohlforth
Publisher : Macmillan
Release : 2010-06-08
ISBN : 1429924055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"What capacity for good lies in the hidden depths of people?" Starting with this question, award-winning author Charles Wohlforth sets forth on a wide-ranging exploration of our relationship with the world. In The Fate of Nature, he draws on science, spirituality, history, economics, and personal stories to reveal answers about the future of that relationship. There is no better place to witness the highs and lows of our treatment of the natural world than the vast wilds, rocky coasts, and shifting settlements of Alaska. Since the first encounter between Captain Cook's crew and the Alaskan Natives in 1778, there have been countless struggles between people who have had different plans for the region. Some have hoped to preserve Alaska as they found it, while others aimed to create something new in its place. Incidents such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill may seem like cause for despair. In the face of such profound tragedies, Charles Wohlforth has found heartening developments in the science of human altruism. This new understanding of what causes humans to cooperate and act conscientiously may be the first step toward taking the actions necessary to preserve an environment that has already been altered drastically in our lifetime. A clear-eyed, original work of research, reportage, and philosophical reflections, The Fate of Nature gives us a chance to change the way we think about our place in society and the world at large.

King Crabs of the World

King Crabs of the World Book
Author : Bradley G. Stevens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-03-18
ISBN : 1439855412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With species existing in all subpolar seas, king crabs are one of the most valuable seafoods. Major fluctuations in their abundance have stimulated a flurry of research and a rapid expansion of the scientific literature in the last decade. King Crabs of the World: Biology and Fisheries Management consolidates extensive knowledge on the biology, systematics, anatomy, life history, and fisheries of king crabs and presents it in a single volume. This book is the first comprehensive scientific reference devoted to the biology and fisheries of king crabs. The first part of the book describes king crabs and their place in the world, covering geographic distribution, depth and temperature ranges, and maps of known habitats. Chapters examine phylogenetic relationships, evolutionary history and phylogeography, internal and external anatomy of king crabs, and the history of North Pacific fisheries. There is also a chapter that presents a comprehensive overview of diseases and other anomalies of king crabs. The second part of the book describes the life history and biology of various king crab species, including embryonic development and environmental factors, the development and biology of larvae, the ecology and biology of juvenile stages, reproductive strategies of fished species, and the growth and feeding of king crabs and their ecological impacts. The third part of the book discusses human and environmental interactions with king crabs through fisheries, management, and ecosystems. Topics include the impacts of fishing—bycatch, handling, and discard mortality—king crab aquaculture and stock enhancement, and king crabs from various regions such as Southern Hemisphere waters, the Barents Sea, and Alaska. A chapter synthesizing various aspects of king crab biology provides an ecosystem-scale perspective and the final chapter presents the author’s outlook on the future of king crab research and populations.

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America Book
Author : J. Brian Alford,Mark S. Peterson,Christopher C. Green
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 1466557206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At an increasingly global scale, aquatic scientists are heavily entrenched in understanding the fate of marine ecosystems in the face of human-altered environments. Oil spill disasters, especially large-scale ones like the 2010 Deepwater Horizon tragedy, have left uncertain and indelible marks on marine ecosystems. Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America contains independent scientific findings and critical reviews from experts researching the impacts of the Exxon Valdez, Ixtoc I, and Deepwater Horizon oil spills on coastal fishery resources. Comprised of three sections, this seminal work: Details the physiological effects of oil-derived compounds on fishes, presenting results from field and laboratory investigations Addresses the science of assessing the impacts of oil spills and oil response measures on coastal habitats, with an emphasis on salt-marsh ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico Explores the quantified and potential impacts of oil spills on population and community dynamics of commercial and recreational fishery species Provides newly released results from the 25-year recovery of marine mammals, birds, and fishes following the Exxon Valdez spill Chapters discuss new techniques for collecting and processing blood samples for toxicity testing, new aerial radar techniques for detecting unseen oil on marshes, consequences of oil prevention measures (such as diverting fresh water to estuaries or building sand berms to stop oil) on coastal fishery resources, and non-traditional methods for assessing the herring stock in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA following the Exxon Valdez disaster.

America s Natural Places Pacific and West

America s Natural Places  Pacific and West Book
Author : Methea K. Sapp
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2009-11-25
ISBN : 0313353190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to the Milnesand Prairie Preserve of New Mexico, this volume provides a snapshot of the most spectacular and important natural places in the western United States. • Illustrations depict 50 of the most treasured landscapes in the Pacific and Western regions of the United States, including Alaska and the Pacific Coast.

Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability Safety and Quality

Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability  Safety  and Quality Book
Author : E. Grazyna Daczkowska-Kozon,Bonnie Sun Pan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781439803288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential part of diverse marine ecosystems, seafood organisms are especially vulnerable to changes in their natural habitats that affect their reproductive abilities, growth rate, and mutual inter- and intra-species interactions. Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability, Safety, and Quality Issues discusses a variety of factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic to the marine environment, and their potential to influence the availability of finfish/shellfish, their nutritional value, quality attributes, and the safety issues at the time of capture. It also covers the handling of newly caught finfish/shellfish aboard the fishing vessel. Edited by experts, with contributions from scientists and practitioners in marine biology/ecology and seafood applied sciences, the book examines direct, short term or indirect, long-term implications on seafood safety and quality caused by seawater pollution/contamination destabilizing marine habitats. It also covers the cumulative effects of toxic compounds in finfish and shellfish tissues and the effects of overfishing such as dead zones, toxic algal blooms, and jellyfish explosions. In addition to the harmful effects of overfishing and environmental pollution/contamination to the productivity and well-being of seafood resources and marine ecosystems in general, the book details how the capture fisheries also suffer from climate change, affecting fish migrations and the stocks accessibility. Overexploitation, overpopulation, and improper human activities result in destruction, shrinkage, fragmentation, and pollution of the natural habitat of marine life, especially the spawning ground. Interdisciplinary in nature, this book elucidates the environmental limitations, the abiotic, biotic, and anthropogenic factors affecting the catch, and the influence of global warming. It offers a smart way to understand and properly use seafood resources in order to maintain sustainable availability of the capture and culture of seafood resources, especially under the contingency of global warming.

Oceans

Oceans Book
Author : James Fargo Balliett
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-18
ISBN : 1317463668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering 71 percent of the planet, these saline bodies of water provided the unique conditions necessary for the building blocks of life to form billions of years ago. This book explains how our oceans continue to support and influence life in important ways: by providing the largest global source of protein in the form of fish populations, by creating and influencing weather systems, and by absorbing waste streams such as airborne carbon. It is shown how oceans have an almost magnetic draw—almost half of the world’s population lives within a few hours of an ocean. Although oceans are vast in size, exceeding 328 million cubic miles (1.37 billion cubic kilometers), they have been influenced by and have influenced humans in numerous ways. The book includes three detailed case studies. The first focuses on the most remote locations along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where new ocean floor is being formed twenty-thousand feet underwater. The second considers the Maldives, a string of islands in the Indian Ocean, where increasing sea levels may force residents to abandon some communities by 2020. The third describes the North Sea at the edge of the Arctic Ocean, where fishing stocks have been dangerously depleted as a result of multiple nations’ unrelenting removal of the smallest and largest species.

Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2000

Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2000 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2000 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil

Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil Book
Author : Ross Coen
Publisher : University of Alaska Press
Release : 2012-04-15
ISBN : 1602231702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1969, an icebreaking tanker, the SS Manhattan, was commissioned by Humble Oil to transit the Northwest Passage in order to test the logistical and economic feasibility of an all-marine transportation system for Alaska North Slope crude oil. Proposed as an alternative to the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, the Manhattan made two voyages to the North American Arctic and collected volumes of scientific data on ice conditions and the behavior of ships in ice. Although the Manhattan successfully navigated the Northwest Passage—closing a five-hundred-year chapter of Arctic exploration by becoming the first commercial vessel to do so—the expedition ultimately demonstrated the impracticality of moving crude oil using icebreaking ships. Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil details this historic voyage, establishing its significant impact on the future of marine traffic and resource development in the Arctic and setting the stage for the current oil crisis.

Developing a Research and Restoration Plan for Arctic Yukon Kuskokwim Western Alaska Salmon

Developing a Research and Restoration Plan for Arctic Yukon Kuskokwim  Western Alaska  Salmon Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Polar Research Board,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Review of Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim (Western Alaska) Research and Restoration Plan for Salmon
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-07-06
ISBN : 0309093007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent declines in the abundance of salmon in the Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim (AYK) region of western Alaska have created hardships for the people and communities who depend on this resource. In 2002, the AYK Sustainable Salmon Initiative (SSI) was created to undertake research to understand the reasons for this decline and to help support sustainable management in the region. This report makes recommendations for developing the research that the AYK SSI science plan should be based on, and relates the development of a restoration plan to the results of that research.

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global Climate Change book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2001

Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2001 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Invitation to Submit Restoration Proposals for Federal Fiscal Year 2001 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Century of Ecosystem Science

A Century of Ecosystem Science Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Polar Research Board,Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2002-07-29
ISBN : 9780309169226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report provides guidance to the Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring (GEM) program to help ensure that it is based on a a science plan that is robust, far-reaching, and scientifically sound. The report commends the Trustee Council for its foresight in setting aside funds to create a trust fund to provide long-term research support; it notes that the GEM program offers an unparalleled opportunity to increase understanding of how large marine ecosystems function and change over time. The report outlines elements of a sound long-term science plan, including conceptual foundation, scope and geographic focus, organizational structure, community involvement, data and information management, and synthesis, modeling, and evaluation.

Polar Environments and Global Change

Polar Environments and Global Change Book
Author : Roger G. Barry,Eileen A. Hall-McKim
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 1108423167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surveys atmospheric, oceanic and cryospheric processes, present and past conditions, and changes in polar environments.

PICES Scientific Report

PICES Scientific Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download PICES Scientific Report book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Our Changing Planet

Our Changing Planet Book
Author : Climate Change Science Program (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Our Changing Planet book written by Climate Change Science Program (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.