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Long Non Coding Rnas In Plants

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Long Non coding RNAs in Plants

Long Non coding RNAs in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128214635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long Non-coding RNAs in Plants: Roles in Development and Stress provides the most recent advances in LncRNAs, including identification, characterization, and potential applications and uses. Introductory chapters include the discovery and development of lncRNAs, a comparative analysis of coding versus non-coding lncRNAs, and the role of lncRNAs in abiotic and biotic stress management. The book then provides methodology and protocols for identification and characterization, followed by chapters covering the various different applications of lncRNAs. Written by leading experts, this book is a must-have resource for students and researchers interested in plant science and biotechnology, horticulture, agriculture, and crop science. Stresses such as heat, cold, drought, heavy metals, UV radiations, bacterial and fungal pathogens, and insect pests largely affect the productivity of various horticultural plants and agricultural crops. However, the ever-increasing human population regularly demands an increase in yield and quality of produce. Long non-coding RNAs are associated with various developmental pathways, regulatory systems, abiotic and biotic stress responses, and signaling, and can provide an alternative strategy for stress management in plants. Includes the latest advances and research in long non-coding RNAs in plants Provides alternative strategies for abiotic and biotic stress management in horticultural plants and agricultural crops Focuses on the application and uses of long non-coding RNAs

Long Non Coding RNA Biology

Long Non Coding RNA Biology Book
Author : M.R.S. Rao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-16
ISBN : 9811052034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This contributed volume offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of the various aspects of long non-coding RNAs and discusses their emerging significance. Written by leading experts in the field, it motivates young researchers around the globe, and offers graduate and postgraduate students fascinating insights into genes and their regulation in eukaryotes and higher organisms.

Long Non Coding RNAs

Long Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Durdica Ugarkovic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-01
ISBN : 9783642165023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), tentatively defined as ncRNAs of more than two hundred nucleotides in length, are characterized by the complexity and diversity of their sequences and mechanisms of action. Based on genome-wide studies, more than 3,300 of them exist, but to date only the limited number of functional lncRNAs have been identified and characterized. Nonetheless, lncRNAs have emerged as key molecules involved in the control of transcriptional and posttranscriptional gene regulatory pathways. They take part in the recruitment of chromatin modifying complexes and regulate splicing, localization, stability and translation of the target mRNAs. This book provides an overview of the rapidly advancing field of long ncRNAs, describing the epigenetic and non-epigenetic mechanisms by which they regulate various biological functions in model systems, from yeast to mammals. The role of ncRNAs in sex chromosome dosage compensation in flies and mammals is described, as well as their role in centromere and telomere biology. Long non-coding RNAs involved in environmental stress response and development are presented and their mechanisms of action discussed.

Plant Long Non Coding RNAs

Plant Long Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Julia A. Chekanova,Hsiao-Lin V. Wang
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2019-04-20
ISBN : 9781493990443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on various approaches to studying long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), including techniques for finding lncRNAs, localization, and observing their functions. The chapters in this book cover how to catalog lncRNAs in various plant species; determining subcellular localization; protein interactions; structures; and RNA modifications. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and innovative, Plant Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource that aids researchers in understanding the functions of lncRNAs in different plant species, and helps them explore currently uncharted facets of plant biology.

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs Book
Author : Stefan Jurga,Jan Barciszewski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 303044743X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of various aspects of long non-coding RNAs. It discusses their emerging significance in molecular medicine, ranging from human cancers to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Transcriptomic studies have demonstrated that the majority of genomes found in complex organisms are expressed in highly dynamic and cell-specific patterns, producing huge numbers of intergenic, antisense and intronic long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified, and unlike mRNA, they have no protein-coding capacity. A large repertoire of ncRNAs, actively transcribed from the mammalian genome, control diverse cellular processes, both in terms of development and diseases, through a variety of gene regulatory mechanisms. IncRNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Given its scope, the book will be of particular interest to molecular, chemical, cell and developmental biologists, as well as specialists in translational medicine involved in disease-oriented research. It also offers a valuable resource for in silico experts seeking a deeper understanding of lncRNA expression and function through computational analysis of the NGS data.

Non Coding RNAs

Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Lütfi Tutar,Sumer Aras,Esen Tutar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789856558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are an attractive research field in the RNA world. ncRNAs play important roles in regulating gene expression in animals, plants, and various human diseases. It is clear that current and further research on ncRNAs will change our knowledge of the nature of genome composition by editing previous dogmas. This book provides an overview of current knowledge on ncRNA research by dealing with miRNA and ncRNA-related human diseases, plant miRNA markers, and the roles of lncRNAs in cancer and epigenetics.

Non Coding RNAs

Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Jan Barciszewski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-08-31
ISBN : 9780306478352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

General inspection of a role performed in the cell by RNAs allows us to distinguish three major groups of transcripts: I. protein-coding mRNAs, II. non-coding housekeeping and III. regulatory RNAs. The housekeeping RNAs include RNA classes that are generally, constitutively expressed and whose presence is required for normal function and viability of the cells. On the other hand, a group of regulatory RNAs includes RNA species that are expressed at certain stages of organism development or cell differentiation or as a response to external stimuli and can affect expression of other genes on the levels of transcription or translation. Non-coding RNA transcripts form a heterogeneous class of RNAs that can not be characterized by a single specific function. Initially, the term non-coding RNA (ncRNA) was used primarily to describe polyadenylated and a capped eukaryotic RNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II, but lacking long open reading frames. Now, this definition can be extended to cover all RNA transcripts that do not show protein-coding capacity and is sometimes used to describe any RNA that does not encode protein, including introns. This book is an in-depth look at the function of Non-Coding RNAs and their relationship to Molecular Biology and Molecular Biology.

Plant RNA Biology

Plant RNA Biology Book
Author : Dóra Szakonyi,Ana Confraria,Concetta Valerio,Paula Duque,Dorothee Staiger
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-18
ISBN : 2889630250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discoveries from the past decades revealed that RNA molecules are much more than inert intermediates between the coding DNA sequences and their functional products, proteins. Today, RNAs are recognized as active regulatory molecules influencing gene expression, chromatin organization and genome stability, thus impacting all aspects of plant life including development, growth, reproduction and stress tolerance. Innovations in methodologies, the expanding application of next-generation sequencing technologies, and the creation of public datasets and databases have exposed a new universe of RNA-based mechanisms and led to the discovery of new families of non-coding RNAs, uncovered the large extent of alternative splicing events, and highlighted the potential roles of RNA modifications and RNA secondary structures. Furthermore, considerable advances have been made in identifying RNA-binding and processing factors involved in the synthesis and maturation of different forms of RNA molecules as well as in RNA processing, biochemical modifications or degradation. This Research Topic showcases the broad biological significance of RNAs in plant systems and contains eight original research articles, one review and four mini-reviews, covering various RNA-based mechanisms in higher plants. Emerging new technologies and novel multidisciplinary approaches are empowering the scientific community and will expectedly bring novel insights into our understanding of the mechanisms through which RNA is regulated and regulates biological processes in plant cells.

Long Non coding RNAs in Human Disease

Long Non coding RNAs in Human Disease Book
Author : Kevin V. Morris
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-13
ISBN : 3319239074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on the roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in contexts ranging from human cancers to cardiovascular disease and ageing. The role of lncRNAs in X-inactivation and those lncRNAs derived from pseudogenes, past retroelements integrated within the human genome, as well as the role these pseudogene-derived lncRNAs play in cancer development are discussed in detail. Further, the book examines the function of lncRNAs in diseases such as diabetes, in smooth muscle formation, and in the modulation of nuclear receptors, as well as in connection with perspectives on the development of personalized therapeutics. It offers an appealing and insightful resource for scientists and clinicians alike.

Next Generation Plant Breeding

Next Generation Plant Breeding Book
Author : Yelda Ozden Çiftçi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-26
ISBN : 1789239257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following the green revolution and transgenic crop development, another revolutionary progress has been experienced in plant breeding in the last decade with the application of marker-assisted selection (MAS), next-generation sequencing (NGS), and gene editing techniques together with omic technologies, including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and phenomics. Thus, this book is structured into two sections: "Marker-Assisted Breeding" and "RNA-seq and Gene Editing in Plants," which aim to provide a reference for students, instructors, and scientists on recent innovative advances in plant-breeding programs to cultivate crops for tomorrow.

Plant Epigenetics

Plant Epigenetics Book
Author : Nikolaus Rajewsky,Stefan Jurga,Jan Barciszewski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 3319555200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents, in 26 chapters, the status quo in epigenomic profiling. It discusses how functional information can be indirectly inferred and describes the new approaches that promise functional answers, collectively referred to as epigenome editing. It highlights the latest important advances in our understanding of the functions of plant epigenomics and new technologies for the study of epigenomic marks and mechanisms in plants. Topics include the deposition or removal of chromatin modifications and histone variants, the role of epigenetics in development and response to environmental signals, natural variation and ecology, as well as applications for epigenetics in crop improvement. Discussing areas ranging from the complex regulation of stress and heterosis to the precise mechanisms of DNA and histone modifications, it presents breakthroughs in our understanding of complex phenotypic phenomena.

RNA Based Technologies for Functional Genomics in Plants

RNA Based Technologies for Functional Genomics in Plants Book
Author : Guiliang Tang,Sachin Teotia,Xiaoqing Tang,Deepali Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 9783030649937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a unique and comprehensive overview of key RNA-based technologies, as well as their development and applications for the functional genomics of plant coding and non-coding genes. It focuses on the latest as well as classical RNA-based techniques used for studies on small RNAs, long non-coding RNAs and protein-coding genes. These techniques chiefly focus on target mimics (TMs) and short tandem target mimics (STTMs) for small RNAs, and artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs), RNA interference (RNAi) and CRISPR/Cas for genes. Furthermore, the book discusses the latest trends in the field and various modifications of the above-mentioned approaches, and explores how these RNA-based technologies have been developed, applied and validated as essential technologies in plant functional genomics. RNA-based technologies, their mechanisms of action, their advantages and disadvantages, and insights into the further development and applications of these technologies in plants are discussed. These techniques will enable the users to functionally characterize genes and small RNAs through silencing, overexpression and editing. Gathering contributions by globally respected experts, the book will appeal to students, teachers and scientists in academia and industry who are interested in horticulture, genetics, pathology, entomology, physiology, molecular genetics and breeding, in vitro culture & genetic engineering, and functional genomics.

RNA Infrastructure and Networks

RNA Infrastructure and Networks Book
Author : Lesley J. Collins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-15
ISBN : 1461403324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RNAs form complexes with proteins and other RNAs. The RNA‐infrastructure represents the spatiotemporal interaction of these proteins and RNAs in a cell‐wide network. RNA Infrastructure and Networks brings together these ideas to illustrate the scope of RNA‐based biology, and how connecting RNA mechanisms is a powerful tool to investigate regulatory pathways. This book is but a taste of the wide range of RNA‐based mechanisms that connect in the RNA infrastructure.

Three Variations on the Theme of Comparative Genomics

Three Variations on the Theme of Comparative Genomics Book
Author : Kevin Christopher Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Three Variations on the Theme of Comparative Genomics book written by Kevin Christopher Chen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology Volume 4

Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology  Volume 4 Book
Author : Tadhg P. Begley
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009-02-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first major reference at the interface of chemistry, biology, and medicine Chemical biology is a rapidly developing field that uses the principles, tools, and language of chemistry to answer important questions in the life sciences. It has enabled researchers to gather critical information about the molecular biology of the cell and is the fundamental science of drug discovery, playing a key role in the development of novel agents for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Now students and researchers across the range of disciplines that use chemical biology techniques have a single resource that encapsulates what is known in the field. It is an excellent place to begin any chemical biology investigation. Major topics addressed in the encyclopedia include: Applications of chemical biology Biomolecules within the cell Chemical views of biology Chemistry of biological processes and systems Synthetic molecules as tools for chemical biology Technologies and techniques in chemical biology Some 300 articles range from pure basic research to areas that have immediate applications in fields such as drug discovery, sensor technology, and catalysis. Novices in the field can turn to articles that introduce them to the basics, whereas experienced researchers have access to articles exploring the cutting edge of the science. Each article ends with a list of references to facilitate further investigation. With contributions from leading researchers and pioneers in the field, the Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology builds on Wiley's unparalleled reputation for helping students and researchers understand the crucial role of chemistry and chemical techniques in the life sciences.

Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Indian Journal of Experimental Biology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Computational and Bio Engineering

Advances in Computational and Bio Engineering Book
Author : S. Jyothi,D. M. Mamatha,Suresh Chandra Satapathy,K. Srujan Raju,Margarita N. Favorskaya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-19
ISBN : 3030469395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers state-of-the-art research in computational engineering and bioengineering to facilitate knowledge exchange between various scientific communities. Computational engineering (CE) is a relatively new discipline that addresses the development and application of computational models and simulations often coupled with high-performance computing to solve complex physical problems arising in engineering analysis and design in the context of natural phenomena. Bioengineering (BE) is an important aspect of computational biology, which aims to develop and use efficient algorithms, data structures, and visualization and communication tools to model biological systems. Today, engineering approaches are essential for biologists, enabling them to analyse complex physiological processes, as well as for the pharmaceutical industry to support drug discovery and development programmes.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology Book
Author : Darbeshwar Roy
Publisher : Alpha Science International Limited
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology provides description of structure and function of the genetic material and the genome organization and discusses in detail genetic code, structural code, regulatory code, RNA world, RNA editing and DNA imprinting. Gene, its structure and expression, gene cloning, in vitro mutagenesis, gene tagging, gene silencing, DNA synthesis and sequencing technology as well as genome sequencing and assembly are also discussed. Molecular marker technology and its applications, structural genomics technologies including methods of analysis of SNPs and haplotypes, functional genomics technologies for studying gene function and interactions at individual gene level and at genome-wide scale and proteomics technologies are fully described. Methods of construction of pathways and networks, and protein synthesis and sequencing technology are included.

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-25
ISBN : 0128217936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Calcium Transport Elements in Plants discusses the role of calcium in plant development and stress signaling, the mechanism of Ca2+ homeostasis across plant membranes, and the evolution of Ca2+/cation antiporter (CaCA) superfamily proteins. Additional sections cover genome-wide analysis of Annexins and their roles in plants, the roles of calmodulin in abiotic stress responses, calcium transport in relation to plant nutrition/biofortification, and much more. Written by leading experts in the field, this title is an essential resource for students and researchers that need all of the information on calcium transport elements in one place. Calcium transport elements are involved in various structural, physiological and biochemical processes or signal transduction pathways in response to various abiotic and biotic stimuli. Development of high throughput sequencing technology has favored the identification and characterization of numerous gene families in plants in recent years, including the calcium transport elements. Provides a complete compilation of detailed information on Ca2+ efflux and influx transporters in plants Discusses the mode of action of calcium transport elements and their classification Explores the indispensable role of Ca2+ in numerous developmental and stress related pathways