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Logic And Critical Thinking In The Biomedical Sciences

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Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 0128213620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All too often, individuals engaged in the biomedical sciences assume that numeric data must be left to the proper authorities (e.g., statisticians and data analysts) who are trained to apply sophisticated mathematical algorithms to sets of data. This is a terrible mistake. Individuals with keen observational skills, regardless of their mathematical training, are in the best position to draw correct inferences from their own data and to guide the subsequent implementation of robust, mathematical analyses. Volume 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences provides readers with a repertoire of deductive non-mathematical methods that will help them draw useful inferences from their own data. Volumes 1 and 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences are written for biomedical scientists and college-level students engaged in any of the life sciences, including bioinformatics and related data sciences. Demonstrates that a great deal can be deduced from quantitative data, without applying any statistical or mathematical analyses Provides readers with simple techniques for quickly reviewing and finding important relationships hidden within large and complex sets of data Using examples drawn from the biomedical literature, discusses common pitfalls in data interpretation and how they can be avoided

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences

Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 012821371X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science is not a collection of facts. Science is the process by which we draw inferences from facts. Volume I of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences invites readers to linger over a collection of common observations to see what inferences can be drawn, when one applies a bit of deductive logic. If we just think about what we observe, it is often possible to discover profound biomedical insights. Volumes 1 and 2 of Logic and Critical Thinking in the Biomedical Sciences are written for biomedical scientists and college-level students engaged in any of the life sciences, including bioinformatics and related data sciences. Provides a strong introduction to deductive methods that can be directly applied to the biomedical sciences Using hundreds of examples, shows how creative scientists draw important inferences from observations that are often ignored by their peers Discusses complex biological and medical concepts in a relaxed manner, intended to focus the reader’s attention on the deductive process, without dwelling excessively on details

Writing for Biomedical Sciences Students

Writing for Biomedical Sciences Students Book
Author : Harry Witchel
Publisher : Red Globe Press
Release : 2022-01-24
ISBN : 1352008769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Writing for Biomedical Sciences Students book written by Harry Witchel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomedical Science Professionals

Biomedical Science Professionals Book
Author : Marcia Santore
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2020-12-15
ISBN : 153814171X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Welcome to the exciting world of Biomedical Science Professionals! If you are interested in a career in biomedical science, you’ve come to the right book. So what exactly do these people do on the job, day in and day out? What kind of skills and educational background do you need to succeed in this field? How much can you expect to make, and what are the pros and cons of these various professions? Is this even the right career path for you? How do you avoid burnout and deal with stress? This book can help you answer these questions and more. This book covers seven of the many, many careers in this growing and well-respected field. You’ll also find interviews with professionals talking about their day-to-day and their take on the future of their fields. Biomedical Engineer Clinical Biochemist Clinical Laboratory Technologists Epidemiologist Forensic Scientist Medical scientist Microbiologist

Writing Reading and Understanding in Modern Health Sciences

Writing  Reading  and Understanding in Modern Health Sciences Book
Author : Milos Jenicek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-03-12
ISBN : 1482226464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical articles are one of the main vehicles of knowledge translation and evidence communication in the health sciences. Their correct structure and style alone are no longer enough to convey a clear understanding of the intended message. Readers must be able to understand the very essence of the article message. That is the purpose of this book. Writing, Reading, and Understanding in Modern Health Sciences: Medical Articles and Other Forms of Communication will help the authors of medical articles communicate more effectively in today's practice and health research environment. It explores the most effective practices for communicating using three main medical literature formats: through scientific articles, articles where the subject is not based on the practice of the scientific method, and business reports. Describing how to think beyond the prevailing IMRAD article format, this book focuses on the nature, content, domains of thought, and meanings of medical articles. The ideas and underlying propositions in this book are complementary to specific requirements appropriate for each type of medical journal. After reading this book you will better understand: How to write what is considered the most important type of medical article, the research-based medical article How to write an evidence-based argumentative medical article The challenges of clinical case reporting The general framework of medical and research ethics Classification of medical articles and their underlying studies from the causal standpoint Supplying you with the understanding required to write more effective medical articles, the book includes details about essay-type articles, research-based articles, thesis as introduction sections, definitions as part of the material and methods sections, modern argumentation and critical thinking underlying results and their discussion and conclusions about them. It also examines qualitative research and case study methodologies from other domains. A must-read for all writers, readers, and users of medical articles, this book supplies the tools you need to write compelling medical reports that can help to improve the practice, research, and quality of healthcare at all levels.

Inquiry A New Paradigm for Critical Thinking

Inquiry  A New Paradigm for Critical Thinking Book
Author : Mark Battersby,Sharon Bailin
Publisher : University of Windsor
Release : 2018-12-05
ISBN : 0920233856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reflects the development and theoretical foundation of a new paradigm for critical thinking based on inquiry. The field of critical thinking, as manifested in the Informal Logic movement, developed primarily as a response to the inadequacies of formalism to represent actual argumentative practice and to provide useful argumentative skills to students. Because of this, the primary focus of the field has been on informal arguments rather than formal reasoning. Yet the formalist history of the field is still evident in its emphasis, with respect to both theory and pedagogy, on the structure and evaluation of individual, de-contextualized arguments. It is our view that such a view of critical thinking is excessively narrow and limited, failing to provide an understanding of argumentation as largely a matter of comparative evaluation of a variety of contending positions and arguments with the goal of reaching a reasoned judgment on an issue. As a consequence, traditional critical thinking instruction is problematic in failing to provide the reasoning skills that students need in order to accomplish this goal. Instead, the goal of critical thinking instruction has been seen largely as a defensive one: of learning to not fall prey to invalid, inadequate, or fallacious arguments.

The Rise of Informal Logic

The Rise of Informal Logic Book
Author : Ralph H. Johnson
Publisher : University of Windsor
Release : 2014-07-15
ISBN : 0920233716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We are pleased to release this digital edition of Ralph Johnson’s The Rise of Informal Logic as Volume 2 in the series Windsor Studies in Argumentation. This edition is a reprint of the previous Vale Press edition with some minor corrections. We have decided to make this the second volume in the series because it is such a compelling account of the formation of informal logic as a discipline, written by one of the founders of the field. The book includes essential chapters on the history and development of informal logic. Other chapters are key reflections on the theoretical issues raised by the attempt to understand informal argument. Many of the papers were previously published in important journals. A number of them were co-authored with J. Anthony Blair. Three of them have appeared only in the present book.

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine Book
Author : Giovanni Boniolo,Marco J. Nathan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 1317378342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Theory and Practice aims at a systematic investigation of a number of foundational issues in the field of molecular medicine. The volume is organized around four broad modules focusing, respectively, on the following key aspects: What are the nature, scope, and limits of molecular medicine? How does it provide explanations? How does it represent and model phenomena of interest? How does it infer new knowledge from data and experiments? The essays collected here, authored by prominent scientists and philosophers of science, focus on a handful of mainstream topics in the philosophical literature, such as causation, explanation, modeling, and scientific inference. These previously unpublished contributions shed new light on these traditional topics by integrating them with problems, methods, and results from three prominent areas of contemporary biomedical science: basic research, translational and clinical research, and clinical practice.

Medical Reasoning

Medical Reasoning Book
Author : Erwin B. Montgomery
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0190912928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern medicine is one of humankind's greatest achievements.Yet today, frequent medical errors and irreproducibility in biomedical research suggest that tremendous challenges beset it. Understanding these challenges and trying to remedy them have driven considerable and thoughtful critical analyses, but the apparent intransigence of these problems suggests a different perspective is needed. Now more than ever, when we see options and opportunities for healthcare expanding while resources are diminishing, it is extremely important that healthcare professionals practice medicine wisely. In Medical Reasoning, neurologist Erwin B. Montgomery, Jr. offers a new and vital perspective. He begins with the idea that the need for certainty in medical decision-making has been the primary driving force in medical reasoning. Doctors must routinely confront countless manifestations of symptoms, diseases, or behaviors in their patients. Therefore, either there are as many different "diseases" as there are patients or some economical set of principles and facts can be combined to explain each patient's disease. The response to this epistemic conundrum has driven medicine throughout history: the challenge is to discover principles and facts and then to develop means to apply them to each unique patient in a manner that provides certainty. This book studies the nature of medical decision making systematically and rigorously in both an analytic and historical context, addressing medicine's unique need for certainty in the face of the enormous variety of diseases and in the manifestations of the same disease in different patients. The book also examines how the social, legal, and economic circumstances in which medical decision-making occurs greatly influence the nature of medical reasoning. Medical Reasoning is essential for those at the intersection of healthcare and philosophy.

Interpreting Biomedical Science

Interpreting Biomedical Science Book
Author : Ülo Maiväli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-06-12
ISBN : 0124199569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interpreting Biomedical Science: Experiment, Evidence, and Belief discusses what can go wrong in biological science, providing an unbiased view and cohesive understanding of scientific methods, statistics, data interpretation, and scientific ethics that are illustrated with practical examples and real-life applications. Casting a wide net, the reader is exposed to scientific problems and solutions through informed perspectives from history, philosophy, sociology, and the social psychology of science. The book shows the differences and similarities between disciplines and different eras and illustrates the concept that while sound methodology is necessary for the progress of science, we cannot succeed without a right culture of doing things. Features theoretical concepts accompanied by examples from biological literature Contains an introduction to various methods, with an emphasis on statistical hypothesis testing Presents a clear argument that ties the motivations and ethics of individual scientists to the success of their science Provides recommendations on how to safeguard against scientific misconduct, fraud, and retractions Arms young scientists with practical knowledge that they can use every day

Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice

Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice Book
Author : Eileen Gambrill
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 1118217039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Praise for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice,Third Edition "Eileen Gambrill is unparalleled in her ability to describecommon flaws and biases in clinical decision making. The result inthis revised edition is a steadfast call for change that alsoacknowledges the demands of practice. A must-read for cliniciansand researchers alike." —Elizabeth K. Anthony, PhD, Assistant Professor,School of Social Work, Arizona State University "This Third Edition builds upon the impressive strengthsof Gambrill's prior treatments of the topic to support the notionthat critical thinking is a teachable skill and oneessential for contemporary practice in the human services. Thisbook should be the default authority on the topic of criticalthinking for human service professionals and would be an excellenttextbook." —Bruce A. Thyer, PhD, LCSW, Professor and former Dean,Florida State University College of Social Work "I was skeptical about how Critical Thinking in ClinicalPractice could be improved, but Eileen Gambrill has succeeded!Her articulation of critical thinking skills for clinical decisionsultimately will benefit the people we serve." —Joanne Yaffe, PhD, ACSW, Associate Professor ofSocial Work and Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychiatry,University of Utah A balanced and illustrative guide to incorporatingcritical-thinking values, knowledge, and skills into clinicaleducation and practice Now in a third edition, Critical Thinking in ClinicalPractice is written for helping professionals who want to thinkmore clearly about the decisions they make and the context in whichthey make them. It is a practical volume for clinicians who wouldlike to expand their knowledge of common pitfalls and fallacies inclinical reasoning. As in earlier editions, this Third Edition draws onresearch related to problem solving and decision making,illustrating the relevance of research findings to everydayclinical practice and policy. Revised throughout, the new edition includes discussion of: The influence of pharmaceutical companies on the helpingprofessions, including disease mongering—the creation ofbogus risks, problems, and needless worries Different kinds of propaganda in the helping professions thatcompromise informed consent Additional coverage of classification, pathology, reliance onauthority, and hazards in data collection The development of decision aids of value to both professionalsand clients The relative contribution of specific interventions compared tononspecific factors to positive outcome Factors related to decision making in multidisciplinaryteams New developments regarding intuitive and analyticreasoning The pragmatic theory of fallacies Designed to enhance the quality of services offered to clients,Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice, Third Edition isfilled with insightful examples, useful lists, websites, andguidelines, presenting an essential resource for all helpingprofessionals and students in the helping professions.

The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics

The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics Book
Author : Barbara Maier,Warren A. Shibles
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-03
ISBN : 9048188679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book challenges the unchallenged methods in medicine, such as "evidence-based medicine," which claim to be, but often are not, scientific. It completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine. No specific or absolute recommendations are given regarding medical treatment, moral approaches, or legal advice. Given rather is discussion about each issue involved and the strongest arguments indicated. Each argument is subject to further critical analysis. This is the same position as with any philosophical, medical or scientific view. The argument that decision-making in medicine is inadequate unless grounded on a philosophy of medicine is not meant to include all of philosophy and every philosopher. On the contrary, it includes only sound, practical and humanistic philosophy and philosophers who are creative and critical thinkers and who have concerned themselves with the topics relevant to medicine. These would be those philosophers who engage in practical philosophy, such as the pragmatists, humanists, naturalists, and ordinary-language philosophers. A new definition of our own philosophy of life emerges and it is necessary to have one. Good lifestyle no longer means just abstaining from cigarettes, alcohol and getting exercise. It also means living a holistic life, which includes all of one's thinking, personality and actions. This book also includes new ways of thinking. In this regard the "Metaphorical Method" is explained, used, and exemplified in depth, for example in the chapters on care, egoism and altruism, letting die, etc.

Research in the Biomedical Sciences

Research in the Biomedical Sciences Book
Author : Michael Williams,Michael Curtis,Kevin Mullane
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-20
ISBN : 0128047267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research in the Biomedical Sciences: Transparent and Reproducible documents the widespread concerns related to reproducibility in biomedical research and provides a best practices guide to effective and transparent hypothesis generation, experimental design, reagent standardization (including validation and authentication), statistical analysis, and data reporting. The book addresses issues in the perceived value of the existing peer review process and calls for the need for improved transparency in data reporting. It reflects new guidelines for publication that include manuscript checklists, replication/reproducibility initiatives, and the potential consequences for the biomedical research community and societal health and well-being if training, mentoring, and funding of new generations of researchers and incentives for publications are not improved. This book offers real world examples, insights, and solutions to provide a thought-provoking and timely resource for all those learning about, or engaged in, performing and supervising research across the biomedical sciences. Provides a “big picture perspective on the scope of reproducibility issues and covers initiatives that have potential as effective solutions Offers real-world research context for transparent, reproducible experimental design, execution and reporting of biomedical research with the potential to address aspects of the translational gap in drug discovery Highlights the importance of reproducibility and the necessary changes in biomedical and pharmaceutical research training and incentives to ensure sustainability

A Critical Reflection on Automated Science

A Critical Reflection on Automated Science Book
Author : Marta Bertolaso,Fabio Sterpetti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-05
ISBN : 3030250016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a critical reflection on automated science and addresses the question whether the computational tools we developed in last decades are changing the way we humans do science. More concretely: Can machines replace scientists in crucial aspects of scientific practice? The contributors to this book re-think and refine some of the main concepts by which science is understood, drawing a fascinating picture of the developments we expect over the next decades of human-machine co-evolution. The volume covers examples from various fields and areas, such as molecular biology, climate modeling, clinical medicine, and artificial intelligence. The explosion of technological tools and drivers for scientific research calls for a renewed understanding of the human character of science. This book aims precisely to contribute to such a renewed understanding of science.

Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies

Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies Book
Author : Allen F. Repko,Rick Szostak,Michelle Phillips Buchberger
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 1544379382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies provides a comprehensive introduction to interdisciplinary studies with an approach that is conceptual and practical. Completely updated to reflect advances in the literature on research, learning, and assessment, the book describes the role of both disciplines and interdisciplinarity within the academy, and how these have evolved. Authors Allen F. Repko, Rick Szostak, and Michelle Phillips Buchberger effectively show students how to think like interdisciplinarians in order to facilitate their working with topics, complex problems, or themes that span multiple disciplines. New to the Third Edition are guiding questions at the start of each chapter, a discussion of the public policy issue of "basic income" as an example at the end of each chapter, application of interdisciplinary techniques in daily life, enhanced discussion of ethical decision-making, and updated examples and references throughout. FREE SAGE edge online resources gives instructors and students the edge they need to succeed with an array of teaching and learning tools in one easy-to-navigate website. Learn more.

Computational Models of Argument

Computational Models of Argument Book
Author : Bart Verheij,Stefan Szeider
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1614991103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of argumentation has been studied since ancient times, but it has seen major innovations since the advent of the computer age. Software already exists which can create and evaluate arguments in high-stake situations, such as medical diagnosis and criminal investigation; formal systems can help us appreciate the role of the value judgments which underlie opposing positions; and it is even possible to enter into argumentative dialogues as if playing a computer game. This book presents the 28 full papers, 17 short papers and a number of system demonstrations, described in an extended abstract, from the 2012 biennial Computational Models of Argument (COMMA) conference, held in Vienna, Austria. Papers by the invited speakers Professor Trevor Bench-Capon, Professor Erik Krabbe and Professor Keith Stenning are also included. This year, for the first time, COMMA invited the submission of papers for an innovative applications track, and those which were accepted for presentation are included in this volume. Argumentation can be studied from many angles, including the artificial, natural and theoretical systems perspective.Presentations at the 2012 conference addressed the subject from these perspectives and many more.

Introduction to Logic

Introduction to Logic Book
Author : Jess Drake
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2018-05-30
ISBN : 1839474211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Logic originally meaning "e;the word"e; or "e;what is spoken"e; is generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of arguments. A valid argument is one where there is a specific relation of logical support between the assumptions of the argument and its conclusion. There is no universal agreement as to the exact scope and subject matter of logic, but it has traditionally included the classification of arguments, the systematic exposition of the 'logical form' common to all valid arguments, the study of inference, including fallacies, and the study of semantics, including paradoxes. Historically, logic has been studied in philosophy and mathematics and recently logic has been studied in computer science, linguistics, psychology, and other fields. The book is about the logic and talks about various aspects of it such as general character of the enquiry, argument from analogy, mathematical reasoning, etc. This book will prove to be very useful for the people interested in logic as well as the students of logic.

How to Think in Medicine

How to Think in Medicine Book
Author : Milos Jenicek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 1351684027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of sciences. It relies on effective reason, decision making, and communication shared by all health professionals, including physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and administrators. How to Think in Medicine, Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communications in Health Sciences is about these essential skills. It describes how physicians and health professionals reason, make decision, and practice medicine. Covering the basic considerations related to clinical and caregiver reasoning, it lays out a roadmap to help those new to health care as well as seasoned veterans overcome the complexities of working for the well-being of those who trust us with their physical and mental health. This book provides a step-by-step breakdown of the reasoning process for clinical work and clinical care. It examines both the general and medical ways of thinking, reasoning, argumentation, fact finding, and using evidence. It explores the principles of formal logic as applied to clinical problems and the use of evidence in logical reasoning. In addition to outline the fundamentals of decision making, it integrates coverage of clinical reasoning risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in evidence-based medicine. Presented in four sections, this book discusses the history and position of the problem and the challenge of medical thinking; provides the philosophy interfacing topics of interest for health sciences professionals including the probabilities, uncertainties, risks, and other quantifications in health by steps of clinical work; decision making in clinical and community health care, research, and practice; Communication in clinical and community care including how to write medical articles, clinical case studies and case reporting, and oral and written communication in clinical and community practice and care.

Biomedical Engineering Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Biomedical Engineering  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-07-13
ISBN : 1522531599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological tools and computational techniques have enhanced the healthcare industry. These advancements have led to significant progress and novel opportunities for biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is an authoritative reference source for emerging scholarly research on trends, techniques, and future directions in the field of biomedical engineering technologies. Highlighting a comprehensive range of topics such as nanotechnology, biomaterials, and robotics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for medical practitioners, professionals, students, engineers, and researchers interested in the latest developments in biomedical technology.

Autism in the Workplace

Autism in the Workplace Book
Author : Amy E. Hurley-Hanson,Cristina M. Giannantonio,Amy Jane Griffiths
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 3030290492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the career experiences of Generation A, the half-million individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who will reach adulthood in the next decade. With Generation A eligible to enter the workforce in unprecedented numbers, research is needed to help individuals, organizations, and educational institutions to work together to create successful work experiences and career outcomes for individuals with ASD. Issues surrounding ASD in the workplace are discussed from individual, organizational, and societal perspectives. This book also examines the stigma of autism and how it may affect the employment and career experiences of individuals with ASD. This timely book provides researchers, practitioners, and employers with empirical data that examines the work and career experiences of individuals with ASD. It offers a framework for organizations committed to hiring individuals with ASD and enhancing their work experiences and career outcomes now and in the future.