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Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Takeo Araki,Hiroshi Tsukube
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-05-09
ISBN : 9780849353147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This interesting work extensively describes newer applications of liquid membrane systems which contain molecular and/or ion recognizing carrier compounds and the related characteristic membrane materials. This volume focuses on the current knowledge about chemistry, biology and related technology of liquid membranes. It reviews the most recent advances in design and characteristics of synthetic liquid membrane transport. Additionally, this fascinating reference discusses up-to-date topics in the analytical and separation science, plus biomimetic membrane technology. Because this book is presented in a compact, understandable format, readers can start from biological cell membranes, then net aspects of host-guest chemistry for effective recognition of ions and molecules, followed by its application for artificial sensors-such as neuro-systems, functionalized new detergents, mechanochemical systems, and separation chemistry. This publication is ideal for graduate-level students and will stimulate university and industry researchers.

Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Vladimir S Kislik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 9780080932569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Controlled Release of Solutes Through Supported Liquid Membranes

Controlled Release of Solutes Through Supported Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Amitav Majumdar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Controlled Release of Solutes Through Supported Liquid Membranes book written by Amitav Majumdar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gas Separation Membranes

Gas Separation Membranes Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Kailash Chandra Khulbe,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 3319010956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials, zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications. The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy Book
Author : Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 0128034270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Handbook of Industrial Membranes

Handbook of Industrial Membranes Book
Author : K. Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-12-20
ISBN : 9780080532899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This manual contains necessary and useful information and data in an easily accessible format relating to the use of membranes. Membranes are among the most important engineering components in use today, and each year more and more effective uses for membrane technologies are found - for example: water purification, industrial effluent treatment, solvent dehydration by per-vaporation, recovery of volatile organic compounds, protein recovery, bioseparations and many others. The pace of change in the membrane industry has been accelerating rapidly in recent years, occasioned in part by the demand of end-users, but also as a result of the investment in R&D by manufacturers. To reflect these changes the author has obtained the latest information from some of the leading suppliers in the business. In one complete volume this unique handbook gives practical guidance to using selected membrane processes in individual industries while also providing a useful guide to equipment selection and usage.

Liquid membranes

Liquid membranes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Liquid membranes book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Based Technologies for Environmental Pollution Control

Membrane Based Technologies for Environmental Pollution Control Book
Author : Parimal Pal
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 0128194561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Based Technologiesfor Environmental Pollution Control explains the application of this green technology while offering a systematic approach for accurately utilizing mathematical modeling methods for optimizing system design and scale-up. The book provides in-depth coverage of membrane processes, materials and modules, along with their potential application in various pollution control systems. Each chapter provides a systematic approach for dynamic model development and solutions. With this reference, researchers and those responsible for the design of pollution control systems will find a source that can maximize their efforts to reduce or prevent pollutants from entering all types of environmental media. Provides a systematic approach for designing membrane technology based systems for pollution reduction or prevention in all types of environmental media Includes case studies to illustrate actual projects to explain the problems and solutions associated with system scale-up Introduces dynamic modeling and analysis for process intensification

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Evangelos P. Favvas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-18
ISBN : 0128136464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Carbon Dioxide Separation/Capture by Using Membranes explores the unique property of membranes to separate gases with different physical and chemical properties. The book covers both polymeric and inorganic materials for CO2 separation and explains their mechanism of action, allowing for the development and most appropriate and efficient processes. It also lists the advantages of using membranes instead of other separation techniques, i.e., their low operating costs and low energy consumption. This book offers a unique opportunity for scientists working in the field of membrane technology for CO2 separation and capture. Outlines numerous membrane-based technologies for CO2 separation and capture Lists new, advanced separation techniques and production processes Includes various applications, modelling, and the economic considerations of each process Covers advanced techniques for the separation of CO2 in natural gas

Membrane Modification

Membrane Modification Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Mohamed Khayet,Chris J. Wright
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439866368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Modification: Technology and Applications is written for engineers, scientists, graduate students, and researchers in the field of membrane science and technology, materials science, applied physics, chemistry, and environmental science. The book presents the complete range of membrane modification techniques used to increase efficiency of membrane processes. The book starts with an examination of the use of membrane modification to optimize the performance of membranes used in industry. It concludes by demonstrating how membrane modification can improve separation processes in industrial sectors that are recognized as global polluters of water sources. Features Illustrates the use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) in the characterization of commercial and novel membranes Overviews various surface modification techniques applied to enhance the bulk and surface properties of nanofiber membranes Covers the factors affecting membrane fouling and the use of nanoparticles in membrane modification processes Explores the use of plasma treatment for the modification of polymeric membranes Written by professors, engineers, and researchers in the field, the book covers recent advances and comprehensively describes novel and most-used membrane characterization techniques. Modification of different materials and geometrics include flat-sheet, hollow-fiber, and nano-fiber membranes as well as different membrane processes such as reverse osmosis, membrane distillation, gas separation, pervaporation, and membrane fuel cells. Chapters contain tables, figures, photographs, and theoretical equations to aid with reader comprehension.

Surfactants in Chemical Process Engineering

Surfactants in Chemical Process Engineering Book
Author : Wasan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-19
ISBN : 1351412515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first reference to link chemical engineering technologies and surfactant science in suchbreadth of focus, Surfactants in Chemical/Process Engineering features contributionsby major authorities in chemical engineering whose applications have opened important newfields for surfactant use. These applications include dispersion science, separation processes, oilrecovery, microemulsions, and environmental control.This volume discusses ultrafiltration processes, flotation, metal extractions, and more ...examines surfactants in process streams for such industrial separations as micellar-enhancedultrafiltration, adsorbent regeneration, micellar extractions, and oiVwater demulsification . ..describes methodologies for separations of fatty acids, metals, minerals and impurities,solvents, and hydrocarbons for cost-saving industrial and consumer product manufacture . . .details techniques for developing and optimizing formulations for superior agricultural plantcontrol or enhancement systems, micro- and macroemulsions, and liquid surfactant membranes... and looks closely at emulsion polymers in soil stabilizations, protective coatings, sealants,adhesives, textile processing, paper finishing, specialty concretes, and tire manufacture.

Membranes for Food Applications

Membranes for Food Applications Book
Author : Klaus-Viktor Peinemann,Suzana Pereira Nunes,Lidietta Giorno
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 3527641580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by an internationally recognized leader in the field, this third volume in the series represents the complete reference to membrane processes in the food industry. The handbook adopts a highly practical approach to this hot topic, combining the hands-on experience of the expert authors involved. They provide chapters devoted to such varied applications as dairy fractionation, electrodialysis, pressure-driven membrane processes in alcoholic beverages, membrane emulsification, contactors and bioreactors, as well as membranes for food packaging.

Macromolecular Stabilization of Supported Liquid Membranes

Macromolecular Stabilization of Supported Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Autumn Marie Fjeld
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Macromolecular Stabilization of Supported Liquid Membranes book written by Autumn Marie Fjeld, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications Book
Author : Richard W. Baker
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-31
ISBN : 9780470854457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology Book
Author : K. Scott,R. Hughes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401106274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology Book
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-17
ISBN : 9780080536187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes

Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes Book
Author : Tawfik Abdo Saleh,Vinod Kumar Gupta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-25
ISBN : 0128014407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications presents a unique collection of up-to-date polymeric nanomaterial membranes. The book offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications. The book discusses applications that encompass the enhancement of sorption and degradation processes and their usage for the removal of different pollutants, including heavy metals, dyes, pesticides, and other organic and inorganic pollutants from the industry. Presents a powerful single source for the development of new, rapid, and highly efficient membrane composites Offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications Covers applications in membrane science, water treatment, and the removal of pollutants from waste water Provides theoretical and practical information about the synthesis and application of polymeric nanocomposite membranes Includes instructor support material available at textbooks.elsevier.com

Membrane Electrodes

Membrane Electrodes Book
Author : N Lakshminarayanaiah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323153291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Electrodes considers the significant developments in the field of sensing probes, with an emphasis on membrane electrodes. This book is organized into three parts encompassing 11 chapters. Part I is an introduction to the variety of ion-selective membrane electrodes that have been constructed and with which experiments have been conducted. This part deals first with the thermodynamic principles and other concepts underlying the description of the behavior of electrolyte solutions, followed by a discussion on the various theories of membrane potential applicable to a variety of solid and liquid membrane electrodes. Part II describes the preparation, properties, and uses of the various solid and liquid membrane electrodes. Part III presents glass membrane electrodes as a prelude to the description of other membrane systems in which glass electrodes are invariably used as the primary sensing device. This book will prove useful to students, technologists, and researchers in various fields of science and technology.

Membrane Contactor Technology

Membrane Contactor Technology Book
Author : Mohammad Younas,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 3527831045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An eye-opening exploration of membrane contactors from a group of industry leaders In Membrane Contactor Technology: Water Treatment, Food Processing, Gas Separation, and Carbon Capture, an expert team of researchers delivers an up-to-date and insightful explanation of membrane contactor technology, including transport phenomena, design aspects, and diverse process applications. The book also includes explorations of membrane synthesis, process, and module design, as well as rarely discussed process modeling and simulation techniques. The authors discuss the technical and economic aspects of this increasingly important technology and examine the geometry, flow, energy and mass transport, and design aspects of membrane contactor modules. They also cover a wide range of application opportunities for this technology, from the materials sciences to process engineering. Membrane Contactor Technology also includes: A thorough introduction to the membrane contactor extraction process, including dispersion-free membrane extraction processes and supported liquid membrane processes Comprehensive explorations of membrane transport theory, including discussions of diffusional mass and heat transfer modeling, as well as numerical modeling In-depth examinations of module configuration and geometry, including design and flow configuration Practical discussions of modes or operation, including membrane distillation, osmotic evaporation, and forward osmosis Perfect for process engineers, biotechnologists, water chemists, and membrane scientists, Membrane Contactor Technology also belongs in the libraries of chemical engineers, polymer chemists, and chemists working in the environmental industry.

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 1315735237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.