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Liquid Glass Transition

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Liquid Glass Transition

Liquid Glass Transition Book
Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0124071708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green’s function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

The Glass Transition

The Glass Transition Book
Author : E. Donth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662043653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes and interrelates the following processes: cooperative alpha processes in a cold liquid, structural relaxation in the glass near Tg, the Johari-Goldstein beta process, the Williams-Götze process in a warm liquid, fast nonactivated cage rattling and boson peak, and ultraslow Fischer modes.

Liquid Phase Transition in Water

Liquid Phase Transition in Water Book
Author : Osamu Mishima
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 4431569154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A profound secret of nature hidden in ice water in a glass cup is revealed in this book. The author teaches a simple method for understanding the complex properties of water through the concept of polyamorphism. Polyamorphism is the existence of two kinds of liquid water, leading to a discontinuous transition between them. Currently, this two-water scenario is controversial in the scientific community because definitive experimental proof is difficult. However, a growing number of researchers believe there is adequate circumstantial evidence for the scenario. This introductory book focuses experimental thermodynamic data of liquid water, supercooled water, and amorphous solid water at various pressures and temperatures, and demonstrates how the two-water scenario initially evolved experimentally. The book explains the importance of polyamorphism in comprehending liquid water.

Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses Colloids and Granular Media

Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses  Colloids  and Granular Media Book
Author : Ludovic Berthier,Giulio Biroli,Jean-Philippe Bouchaud,Luca Cipelletti,Wim van Saarloos
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-07-14
ISBN : 0191621307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the solid materials we use in everyday life, from plastics to cosmetic gels exist under a non-crystalline, amorphous form: they are glasses. Yet, we are still seeking a fundamental explanation as to what glasses really are and to why they form. In this book, we survey the most recent theoretical and experimental research dealing with glassy physics, from molecular to colloidal glasses and granular media. Leading experts in this field present broad and original perspectives on one of the deepest mysteries of condensed matter physics, with an emphasis on the key role played by heterogeneities in the dynamics of glassiness.

Statistical Physics of Liquids at Freezing and Beyond

Statistical Physics of Liquids at Freezing and Beyond Book
Author : Shankar Prasad Das
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-16
ISBN : 1139500678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring important theories for understanding freezing and the liquid-glass transition, this book is useful for graduate students and researchers in soft-condensed matter physics, chemical physics and materials science. It details recent ideas and key developments, providing an up-to-date view of current understanding. The standard tools of statistical physics for the dense liquid state are covered. The freezing transition is described from the classical density functional approach. Classical nucleation theory as well as applications of density functional methods for nucleation of crystals from the melt are discussed, and compared to results from computer simulation of simple systems. Discussions of supercooled liquids form a major part of the book. Theories of slow dynamics and the dynamical heterogeneities of the glassy state are presented, as well as nonequilibrium dynamics and thermodynamic phase transitions at deep supercooling. Mathematical treatments are given in full detail so readers can learn the basic techniques.

Jamming and Glass Transitions

Jamming and Glass Transitions Book
Author : Ada Altieri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 3030236005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The work described in this book originates from a major effort to develop a fundamental theory of the glass and the jamming transitions. The first chapters guide the reader through the phenomenology of supercooled liquids and structural glasses and provide the tools to analyze the most frequently used models able to predict the complex behavior of such systems. A fundamental outcome is a detailed theoretical derivation of an effective thermodynamic potential, along with the study of anomalous vibrational properties of sphere systems. The interested reader can find in these pages a clear and deep analysis of mean-field models as well as the description of advanced beyond-mean-field perturbative expansions. To investigate important second-order phase transitions in lattice models, the last part of the book proposes an innovative theoretical approach, based on a multi-layer construction. The different methods developed in this thesis shed new light on important connections among constraint satisfaction problems, jamming and critical phenomena in complex systems, and lay part of the groundwork for a complete theory of amorphous solids.

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Book
Author : Jasim Ahmed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-02-03
ISBN : 1118935713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.

Liquid Glass Transition

Liquid Glass Transition Book
Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780124071773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green's function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

Ageing and the Glass Transition

Ageing and the Glass Transition Book
Author : Malte Henkel,Michel Pleimling,Roland Sanctuary
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-24
ISBN : 3540696830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding cooperative phenomena far from equilibrium is one of the fascinating challenges of present-day many-body physics. Glassy behaviour and the physical ageing process of such materials are paradigmatic examples. The present volume, primarily intended as introduction and reference, collects six extensive lectures addressing selected experimental and theoretical issues in the field of glassy systems.

Assignment of the Glass Transition

Assignment of the Glass Transition Book
Author : Rickey J. Seyler
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1994
ISBN : 080311995X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Assignment of the Glass Transition book written by Rickey J. Seyler, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Book
Author : Jasim Ahmed,Mohammad Shafiur Rahman,Yrjo H. Roos
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-24
ISBN : 1118935721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.

Physics of Liquid Matter

Physics of Liquid Matter Book
Author : Paola Gallo,Mauro Rovere
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-06
ISBN : 3030683494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a didactic and a self-contained treatment of the physics of liquid and flowing matter with a statistical mechanics approach. Experimental and theoretical methods that were developed to study fluids are now frequently applied to a number of more complex systems generically referred to as soft matter. As for simple liquids, also for complex fluids it is important to understand how their macroscopic behavior is determined by the interactions between the component units. Moreover, in recent years new and relevant insights have emerged from the study of anomalous phases and metastable states of matter. In addition to the traditional topics concerning fluids in normal conditions, the authors of this book discuss recent developments in the field of disordered systems in condensed and soft matter. In particular they emphasize computer simulation techniques that are used in the study of soft matter and the theories and study of slow glassy dynamics. For these reasons the book includes a specific chapter about metastability, supercooled liquids and glass transition. The book is written for graduate students and active researchers in the field.

The Physics of Phase Transitions

The Physics of Phase Transitions Book
Author : Pierre Papon,Jacques Leblond,Paul H.E. Meijer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662049899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Physics of Phase Transitions occupies an important place at the crossroads of several fields central to materials sciences. This second edition incorporates new developments in the states of matter physics, in particular in the domain of nanomaterials and atomic Bose-Einstein condensates where progress is accelerating. New information and application examples are included. This work deals with all classes of phase transitions in fluids and solids, containing chapters on evaporation, melting, solidification, magnetic transitions, critical phenomena, superconductivity, and more. End-of-chapter problems and complete answers are included.

Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Glass Science  Technology  History  and Culture Two Volume Set Book
Author : Pascal Richet
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 1118799399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.

Non Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods

Non Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods Book
Author : Bhesh R. Bhandari,Yrjö H. Roos
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-11-10
ISBN : 0081003358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods: Processing Effects and Product Specific Implications presents the tactics needed to understand and control non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food, an essential element in maintaining the shelf-life and quality of foods. After brief introductory chapters introduce the science behind non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in foods, the book details how glass transition temperature is affected by composition and the ways it influences processability and physico-chemical changes during the storage of foods, also exploring how these effects can be controlled. The second section looks at individual foods, highlighting the implications of non-equilibrium states and glass transitions within these foods. Maintaining and improving the quality of food is of upmost importance to food companies who have to ensure that the shelf life of their products is as long as possible. A large amount of research has been performed into glass transitions in food over the last few years, however there has not been a comprehensive review. This book fills that gap. Provides the only book on the market that covers non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food from a practical standpoint Presents food industry professionals in the area of food quality with essential information on the effects of glass transitions and non-equilibrium states on the shelf life of specific products Edited by global leaders in glass transition technology in foods

Functional Organic Liquids

Functional Organic Liquids Book
Author : Takashi Nakanishi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-03-12
ISBN : 3527804951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to comprehensively cover the burgeoning new class of soft materials known as functional organic liquids Functional organic liquids, a new concept in soft matter materials science, exhibit favorable properties compared to amorphous polymers and ionic liquids. They are composed of a functional core unit and a side chain, which induces fluidity even at room temperature. Due to their fluidity, functional organic liquids can adopt any shape and geometry and fulfill their function in stretchable and bendable devices for applications in photovoltaics, organic electronics, biomedicine, and biochemistry. Presented in five parts, this book starts with an overview of the design methods and properties of functional organic liquids. The next three parts focus on the applications of this exciting new class of soft materials in the fields of energy conversion, nanotechnology, and biomaterials. They study the liquids for energy conversion, those containing inorganic nanoclusters, and solvent-free soft biomaterials. Functional Organic Liquids concludes with a comparison in terms of properties and application potential between functional organic liquids and more conventional soft matter such as ionic liquids and liquid metals. -Examines the current state of science and technology for functional organic liquids -Focuses on potential and already realized applications such as functional organic liquids for energy conversion -Stimulates researchers to move forward on future development and applications Functional Organic Liquids is an excellent book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, organic chemists, physical chemists, surface chemists, and surface physicists.

Supercooled Liquids Glass Transition and Bulk Metallic Glasses Volume 754

Supercooled Liquids  Glass Transition and Bulk Metallic Glasses  Volume 754 Book
Author : T. Egami,A. L. Greer,A. Inoue,S. Ranganathan
Publisher : Mrs Proceedings
Release : 2003-07-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been a renaissance in glass science brought about by the development of concepts such as fragility index and the energy landscape with megabasins. Research on bulk metallic glasses has been explosive since their advent when MRS offered its first book on the topic. In 2000, a second book broadened the scope to include supercooled liquid, bulk glassy and nanocrystalline states. This book enhances the scope to include glass transition in diverse materials such as water, silicate and polymeric melts. Bringing these threads together in an interdisciplinary manner was fruitful and offers proof that while there is much common ground, gaps between various approaches to the glassy state remain to be bridged. Subjects include: the supercooled liquid; glass formability; structural relaxation and dynamics; structure determination and modeling; processing and applications of bulk metallic glasses; mechanical properties; mechanical properties - composites; crystallization; electronic and magnetic structure and properties; and nanoparticles and nonmetallic glasses.

40 Years of Entropy and the Glass Transition

40 Years of Entropy and the Glass Transition Book
Author : Gregory B. McKenna,Sharon C. Glotzer
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1997-07-01
ISBN : 0788145096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Articles: configurational entropy approach to the kinetics of glasses; entropy theory and glass transition: a test by Monte Carlo simulation; entropy and fragility in supercooling liquids; entropy crises in glasses and random heteropolymers; Adams-Gibbs formulation of enthalpy relaxation near the glass transition; evidence for glass and spin-glass phase transitions from the dynamic susceptibility; entropy, free volume, and cooperative relaxation; and confirmational entropy contributions to the glass temperature of blends of miscible polymers. Charts, tables and graphs.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 3

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends  Volume 3 Book
Author : Avraam I. Isayev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-07
ISBN : 3527653996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. The most comprehensive source on polymer blends available on the market Offers a complete and timely overview of the topic Each article presents up to date research & development on a topic and its basic principles and applications, integrates case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and gives due reference to published and patented literature Equips academics, scientists and researchers with knowledge of fundamentals principles and their applications, and informs the engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs about the state of the art technology and its applications

Metastable Liquids

Metastable Liquids Book
Author : Pablo G. Debenedetti
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780691085951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the interplay of kinetics and thermodynamics that determines the thermophysical properties and structural relaxation of metastable liquids, it offers an in-depth treatment of thermodynamic stability theory, the statistical mechanics of metastability, nucleation, spinodal decomposition, supercooled liquids, and the glass transition.