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Lignocellulosics

Lignocellulosics Book
Author : Ilari Filpponen,Maria Peresin,Tiina Nypelo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-14
ISBN : 0128041153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosics: Renewable Feedstock for (Tailored) Functional Materials and Nanotechnology gives a comprehensive overview of recent advances in using lignocellulosic substrates in materials science and nanotechnology. The functionalization and processing of lignocellulosics are described via a number of examples that cover films, gels, sensors, pharmaceutics and energy storage. In addition to the research related to functional cellulose nanomaterials, there has been an increased interest in research on lignin and lignocellulosics. This book explains how utilizing biomaterials as a raw material allows ambitious reconstruction of smart materials that are green and multifunctional. As lignin as a valuable material has gained a lot of attention in the last few years, shifting from purely extraction and fundamental characterization, and now also focusing on the preparation of exciting materials, such as nanoparticles, readers will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the topic. Provides a detailed description of functional lignocellulosic materials and their properties Brings together research advances in the areas of chemistry, chemical engineering, physics and materials science Concentrates on the fundamental properties of lignocellulose Includes unique coverage of lignin research

Chemistry of Lignocellulosics

Chemistry of Lignocellulosics Book
Author : Tatjana Stevanovic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-14
ISBN : 1498775705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the chemical properties of lignocellulosic fibers, knowledge of which is essential for innovation and sustainable development of their transformation. Thermochemical transformation of wood and other lignocellulosics is presented to highlight its volatile, liquid and solid products and their novel applications. Forest biorefinery is described to emphasize the new products from lignocellulosic constituents, both structural (cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins) and those extraneous to cell walls-extractives. New developments in cellulose technology related to nanocellulose are discussed in relation to new applications. Industrial lignins are presented in detail, both in terms of extraction procedures from spent liquors and structural characterization of the isolated lignins. Application of lignocellulosic biopolymers in new composite materials, or in biomaterials for medicinal purposes, and in solid wood preservation, are described. The example of an industrial biorefinery installed in southwestern France more than 40 years ago is presented.

Chemistry of Lignocellulosics

Chemistry of Lignocellulosics Book
Author : Tatjana Stevanovic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-08-14
ISBN : 1351650793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the chemical properties of lignocellulosic fibers, knowledge of which is essential for innovation and sustainable development of their transformation. Thermochemical transformation of wood and other lignocellulosics is presented to highlight its volatile, liquid and solid products and their novel applications. Forest biorefinery is described to emphasize the new products from lignocellulosic constituents, both structural (cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins) and those extraneous to cell walls-extractives. New developments in cellulose technology related to nanocellulose are discussed in relation to new applications. Industrial lignins are presented in detail, both in terms of extraction procedures from spent liquors and structural characterization of the isolated lignins. Application of lignocellulosic biopolymers in new composite materials, or in biomaterials for medicinal purposes, and in solid wood preservation, are described. The example of an industrial biorefinery installed in southwestern France more than 40 years ago is presented.

Preparation and Evaluation of Powdered Activated Carbon from Lignocellulosic Materials

Preparation and Evaluation of Powdered Activated Carbon from Lignocellulosic Materials Book
Author : Paul V. Roberts,Douglas M. Mackay,Frederick Scott Cannon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Preparation and Evaluation of Powdered Activated Carbon from Lignocellulosic Materials book written by Paul V. Roberts,Douglas M. Mackay,Frederick Scott Cannon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuel Production

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuel Production Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 9811006873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biomass-to-biofuel conversion processes, which is an important step in increasing ethanol production for biofuels. It also highlights the main challenges and suggests possible ways to make these technologies feasible for the biofuel industry. The biological conversion of cellulosic biomass into bioethanol is based on the chemical and biological breakdown of biomass into aqueous sugars, for example using hydrolytic enzymes. The fermentable sugars can then be further processed into ethanol or other advanced biofuels. Pretreatment is required to break down the lignin structure and disrupt the crystalline structure of cellulose so that the acids or enzymes can easily access and hydrolyze the cellulose. Pre-treatment can be the most expensive process in converting biomass to fuel, but there is great potential for improving the efficiency and lowering costs through further research and development. This book is aimed at academics and industrial practitioners who are interested in the higher production of ethanol for biofuels.

Chemical Modification of Lignocellulosic Materials

Chemical Modification of Lignocellulosic Materials Book
Author : DavidN.-S. Hon
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1351461478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume emphasizes the growing need for wood products with advanced engineering properties. It details the fundamental principles of cellulose technology and presents current techniques to modifying the basic chemistry of lignocellulosic materials. The work: discusses the cost-efficient use of cellulose derivatives in a variety of commodities; highlights the chemical modification of wood by methods such as etherification, esterification and thermoplasticization; considers recent progress in the lignocellulosic liquefaction of wood; and more.

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels Book
Author : Abu Yousuf,Filomena Sannino,Domenico Pirozzi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 0128162805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels explores the existing technologies and most recent developments for the production of second generation liquid biofuels, providing an introduction to lignocellulosic biomass and the processes for its conversion into biofuels. The book demonstrates biorefinery concepts compared with petro refinery, as well as the challenges of second generation biofuels processing. In addition to current pre-treatment techniques and their technical, environmental and economic implications, chapters included also further examine the particularities of conversion processes for bioethanol, biobutanol and biodiesel through chemical, biochemical and combined approaches. Finally, the book looks into concepts and tools for techno-economic and environmental analysis, which include supply chain assessment, by-products, zero-waste techniques and process evaluation and optimization. Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels is particularly useful for researchers in the field of liquid biofuels seeking alternative chemical and biochemical pathways or those interested advanced methods to calculate maximum yield for each process and methods to simulate the implications and costs of scaling up. Furthermore, with the introduction provided by this volume, researchers and graduate students entering the field will be able to quickly get up to speed and identify knowledge gaps in existing and upcoming technology the book’s comprehensive overview. Examines the state-of-the-art technology for liquid biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass Provides a comprehensive overview of the existing chemical and biochemical processes for second generation biofuel conversion Presents tools for the techno-economic and environmental analysis of technologies, as well as for the scale-up simulation of conversion processes

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery Book
Author : S.I. Mussatto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 0128025611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery reviews the extensive research and tremendous scientific and technological developments that have occurred in the area of biorefinering, including industrial processes and product development using ‘green technologies’, often referred as white biotechnology. As there is a huge need for new design concepts for modern biorefineries as an alternative and amendment to industrial crude oil and gas refineries, this book presents the most important topics related to biomass fractionation, including advances, challenges, and perspectives, all with references to current literature for further study. Presented in 26 chapters by international field specialists, each chapter consists of review text that comprises the most recent advances, challenges, and perspectives for each fractionation technique. The book is an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Reviews numerous valuable products from lignocellulose Discusses integration of processes for complete biomass conversion with minimum waste generation Identifies the research gaps in scale-up Presents an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation

Extremophilic Enzymatic Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Bioenergy

Extremophilic Enzymatic Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Bioenergy Book
Author : Rajesh K. Sani,R. Navanietha Krishnaraj
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-23
ISBN : 3319546848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces fundamentals of enzymatic processes, various renewable energy resources and their pretreatment processes. It presents in-depth review of extremophilic enzymes (e.g., Cellulases, Xylanases, Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenases, Amylases, Ligninases, Pectinases, Esterases, and Chitinases) which can be used in several biotechnological processes. In addition, the authors present expert knowledge on how to engineer enzymes for enhanced conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to biofuels.Extremozymes play important roles in many kinds of bioprocessing e.g., in conversion of non-food biomass into usable power. Existing enzymatic technologies, including hydrolysis of lignocellulose into sugars, have several limitations such as they have very slow enzymatic hydrolysis rates, yields low products, requires high dosages of enzymes, and are sensitive to microbial contamination problems. These limitations could be overcome using extremophilic enzymes.

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications Book
Author : Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-05-11
ISBN : 1119323878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications describes the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass for various applications. Although there have been numerous reports on lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel application, there have been very few other applications reported for lignocellulosic biomass-based chemicals and polymers. Therefore, this book covers all of the possible lignocellulosic biomass applications. Besides describing the different types of biofuel production, such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and biogas from lignocellulosic biomass, it also presents various other lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery applications for the production of chemicals, polymers, paper and bioplastics. In addition, there are chapters on valorization of lignocellulosic materials, alkali treatment to improve the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of lignocellulosic natural fibers, and a discussion of the major benefits, limitations and future prospects of the use of lignocellulosic biomass.

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-19
ISBN : 0128179546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass describes the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Each chapter presents different technological approaches for cost effective liquid biofuel production from agroresidues/biomass. Two chapters cover future direction and the possibilities of biomass-based biofuel production at the industrial level. The book provides a genetic and metabolic engineering approach for improved cellulase production and the potential of strains that can ferment both pentose and hexose sugars. The book also gives direction on how to overcome challenges for the further advancement of lignocellulosic biomass-based biofuel production. Covers genetic engineering approaches for higher cellulase production from fungi Includes genetic and metabolic engineering approaches for development of potential pentose and hexose fermenting strain which can tolerate high ethanol and toxic phenolic compounds Describe different bioreactors used in different steps of biomass-based biofuel production Outlines future prospects and potential of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass

Applications of Enzymes to Lignocellulosics

Applications of Enzymes to Lignocellulosics Book
Author : American Chemical Society. Cellulose and Renewable Materials Division
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses pulp and paper, bioconversion, plant modification, and enzymology.

Lignocellulosic Fibre and Biomass Based Composite Materials

Lignocellulosic Fibre and Biomass Based Composite Materials Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Paridah Md Tahir,Naheed Saba
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-03
ISBN : 0081009666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Fibre and Biomass-Based Composite Materials reviews the development, characterization and applications of composite materials developed from the effective use of lignocellulosic fibre and biomass. The book gathers together a wide spectrum of cutting-edge research on biomass fillers and reinforcements used for the fabrication and synthesis of composites. The book takes a systematic approach, investigating processing, design, characterization and applications of biocomposites, in order to establish their important relationship as a general guideline for end-user applications. Beginning with an introduction to biomass and its composites, a team of leading experts in the field cover rice husk, kenaf, oil palm, alfa and doum fibres, bamboo, cork, and many other materials, considering a range of applications, along with key issues such as performance and sustainability. The groundbreaking research presented opens the door to obtaining advanced material characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, mechanical, and thermal properties. This will be become an extremely useful reference and technical guide for academic and industrial researchers in composite materials, as well as for advanced students and industrialists working in material commercialization. Gathers together a wide spectrum of research on lignocellulosic fiber and biomass fillers and reinforcements used for the fabrication and synthesis of composites Presents multidisciplinary work in relation to materials engineering, polymer chemistry and physics, materials processing, organic synthesis and industrial design and applications Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from processing, design, characterization and applications of biocomposites

Lignocellulosic Composite Materials

Lignocellulosic Composite Materials Book
Author : Susheel Kalia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-23
ISBN : 3319686968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively summarizes important aspects of research in the active field of lignocellulosic (polymer) composites, including polymer materials from or containing cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It describes how these materials can be produced from forest products and natural fibers from sources such as jute, flax, sisal, and many more, and even from agricultural residues (like wheat straw, corn stover, or sugarcane bagasse). In times of high demand for renewable green materials, lignocellulosic materials from organic matter produced by trees, shrubs and agricultural crops present a highly attractive feedstock. The international authors explain different treatment and fabrication methods for the production of lignocellulosic materials. Other chapters address the properties of these green materials or illustrate specific applications, ranging from food packaging and household products to adsorbents and even conductive polymer composites. In this way, this book offers a broad and comprehensive overview over the entire field of lignocellulosic composite materials.

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Christian P. Kubicek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 1118414489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Harnessing fungi’s enzymatic ability to break down lignocellulolytic biomass to produce ethanol more efficiently and cost-effectively has become a significant research and industrial interest. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass provides readers with a broad range of information on the uses and untapped potential of fungi in the production of bio-based fuels. With information on the molecular biological and genomic aspects of fungal degradation of plant cell walls to the industrial production and application of key fungal enzymes, chapters in the book cover topics such as enzymology of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin degradation. Edited by a leading researcher in the field, Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass will be a valuable tool in advancing the development and production of biofuels and a comprehensive resource for fungal biologists, enzymologists, protein chemists, biofuels chemical engineers, and other research and industry professionals in the field of biomass research.

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-17
ISBN : 0128235918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Products: Fundamental Strategies and Technological Advancements focuses on fundamental and advanced topics surrounding technologies for the conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass. Each and every concept related to the utilization of biomass in the process of conversion is elaborately explained, with importance given to minute details. Advanced level technologies involved in the conversion of biomass into biofuels, like bioethanol and biobutanol, are addressed, along with the process of pyrolysis. Readers of this book will become fully acquainted with the field of lignocellulosic conversion, from its basics to current research accomplishments. The uniqueness of the book lies in the fact that it covers each and every topic related to biomass and its conversion into value-added products. Technologies involved in the major areas of pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation are explained precisely. Additional emphasis is given to the analytical part, especially the established protocols for rapid and accurate quantification of total sugars obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. Includes chapters arranged in a flow-through manner Discusses mechanistic insights in different phenomena using colorful figures for quick understanding Provides the most up-to-date information on all aspects of the conversion of individual components of lignocellulosic biomass

Heavy Metal Ion Sorption of Unmodified and Modified Lignocellulosic Fibers

Heavy Metal Ion Sorption of Unmodified and Modified Lignocellulosic Fibers Book
Author : Beom-Goo Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heavy Metal Ion Sorption of Unmodified and Modified Lignocellulosic Fibers book written by Beom-Goo Lee, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry

1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry Book
Author : Spyros Kyritsis
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781902916156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 1st World Conference and Technology Exhibition on Biomass for Energy and Industry, held in Sevilla in June 2000, brought together for the first time the traditional European Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry and the Biomass Conference of the Americas, thus creating the largest and most outstanding event in the worldwide biomass sector. The conference elaborated innovative global strategies, projects and efficient practice rules for energy and the environment at a key stage in the industry's development. New concepts and projects were highlighted to increase the social and political awareness for a change in worldwide resource consumption and to promote economically, socially and environmentally sustainable development for the next millennium. In 2 volumes, the Proceedings include some 470 papers essential to an understanding of current thinking, practice, research and global developments in the biomass sector - a vital reference source for researchers, manufacturers, and policy makers involved or interested in the use of biomass for energy and industry.

Advances in Biological Treatment of Lignocellulosic Materials

Advances in Biological Treatment of Lignocellulosic Materials Book
Author : M.P. Coughlan,Collaco,M. Teresa Amaral Collaço
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text features the proceedings of a workshop on Advances in Biological Treatment of Lignocellulosic Materials, held in Lisbon, Portugal, during 25-27 October 1989.

Pretreatment of Biomass

Pretreatment of Biomass Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Sangeeta Negi,Parmeswaran Binod,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 0128003960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—biomass for their pretreatment—which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development. The quest to make the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of biorefineries for developing bio-based processes and products using biomass as a feedstock. Each kind of biomass requires some kind of pretreatment to make it suitable for bioprocess. This book provides state-of-art information on the methods currently available for this. This book provides data-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for further processing. Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the overall processing in a biomass-to-biofuel program. With the strong advancement in developing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, global focus has been on developing pretreatment methods and technologies that are technically and economically feasible. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in methods used for the pretreatment of biomass. An entire section is devoted to the methods and technologies of algal biomass due to the increasing global attention of its use. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatament processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale-up Provides information on integration of processes and technologies for the pretreatment of biomass