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Lignocellulosic Biomass To Value

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Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value Added Products Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-17
ISBN : 0128235918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Products: Fundamental Strategies and Technological Advancements focuses on fundamental and advanced topics surrounding technologies for the conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass. Each and every concept related to the utilization of biomass in the process of conversion is elaborately explained, with importance given to minute details. Advanced level technologies involved in the conversion of biomass into biofuels, like bioethanol and biobutanol, are addressed, along with the process of pyrolysis. Readers of this book will become fully acquainted with the field of lignocellulosic conversion, from its basics to current research accomplishments. The uniqueness of the book lies in the fact that it covers each and every topic related to biomass and its conversion into value-added products. Technologies involved in the major areas of pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation are explained precisely. Additional emphasis is given to the analytical part, especially the established protocols for rapid and accurate quantification of total sugars obtained from lignocellulosic biomass. Includes chapters arranged in a flow-through manner Discusses mechanistic insights in different phenomena using colorful figures for quick understanding Provides the most up-to-date information on all aspects of the conversion of individual components of lignocellulosic biomass

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities Book
Author : Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 3030380327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Hydrothermal Processing in Biorefineries

Hydrothermal Processing in Biorefineries Book
Author : Héctor A. Ruiz,Mette Hedegaard Thomsen,Heather L. Trajano
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 3319564579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The biorefinery, integration of processes and technologies for biomass conversion, demands efficient utilization of all components. Hydrothermal processing is a potential clean technology to convert raw materials such as lignocellulosic and aquatic biomass into bioenergy and high added-value compounds. This book aims to show fundamental concepts and key technological developments that enabled industrial application of hydrothermal processing. The scope of this book is primarily for scientists working in the biorefinery field as well as engineers from industry and potential investors in biofuels. Therefore, the information in this book will provide an overview of this technology applied to lignocellulosic materials and aquatic biomass, and especially new knowledge. Critically, this book brings together experts in the application of hydrothermal processes on lignocellulosic and aquatic biomass.

Liquefaction of Lignocellulosic Biomass to High value Chemical Products

Liquefaction of Lignocellulosic Biomass to High value Chemical Products Book
Author : Cynthia Kakie Kartey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Liquefaction of Lignocellulosic Biomass to High value Chemical Products book written by Cynthia Kakie Kartey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy

Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy Book
Author : Hidayah Ariffin,S.M. Sapuan,Mohd Ali Hassan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-20
ISBN : 0128166053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulose for Future Bioeconomy discusses the conversion and utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. This book focuses on the utilization of lignocelluloses for various products, including biopolymers, bionanomaterials and bioproducts. Recent findings in scientific investigation, engineering, product development, economic and lifecycle analysis are discussed, as are current synthesis technologies and potential applications. The book progresses from a discussion of the potential sources of biomass, to the refinement and processing of materials. A sampling of various sustainability issues faced by industries in their production methods and a look at real world examples of the use of lignocellulose-based materials in the bioeconomy round out the discussion. Presents information on lignocellulosic biomass management and its utilization for the production of bioproducts, biopolymers and bionanomaterials Highlights the applications of advanced materials developed from lignocellulosic biomass and their contribution towards future bioeconomy Discusses the lifecycle of lignocellulosic biomass

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9811640130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Deep Eutectic Solvents for Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass book written by Pratima Bajpai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels Value Added Products and Usable Power

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels  Value Added Products  and Usable Power Book
Author : Rajesh K. Sani,Navanietha Krishnaraj Rathinam
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-02
ISBN : 3319744593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a review and in-depth analyses of improved biotechnological processes emphasizing critical aspects and challenges of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into biofuels and value-added products especially using extremophiles and recombinant microorganisms. The book specifically comprises extremophilic production of liquid and gaseous biofuels (bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, biohydrogen, and biogas) as well as value added products (e.g. single cell protein, hydrocarbons, lipids, exopolysaccharides, and polyhydroxyalkanoates). The book also provides the knowledge on how to develop safe, more efficient, sustainable, and economical integrated processes for enhanced conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to liquid and gaseous biofuels. Finally the book describes how to perform the techno-economical and life-cycle assessments of new integrated processes involving extremophiles. These modeling exercises are critical in addressing any deficiencies associated with the demonstration of an integrated biofuels and value-added products production process at pilot scale as well as demonstration on the commercialization scale.

Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept

Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept Book
Author : Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira Filho,Leonora Rios de Souza Moreira,Eduardo de Aquino Ximenes,Cristiane Sanchez Farinas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 0128182245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Advances in Bioconversion of Lignocellulose to Biofuels and Value Added Chemicals within the Biorefinery Concept covers the latest developments on biorefineries, along with their potential use for the transformation of residues into a broad range of more valuable products. Within this context, the book discusses the enzymatic conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass to generate fuels and other products in a unified approach. It focuses on new approaches to increase enzymatic production by microorganisms, the action of microbial inhibitors, and strategies for their removal. Furthermore, it outlines the benefits of this integrated approach for generating value-added products and the benefits to social and economic aspects, circular bio economy, HUBs and perspectives. Covers the mechanisms of enzymatic conversion of biomass into value-added products Discusses bioproducts derived from lignocellulose and their applications Includes discussions on design, development and the technologies needed for the sustainable manufacture of materials and chemicals Offers a techno-economic evaluation of biorefineries for integrated sustainability assessments Discusses the socioeconomic and cultural-economic perspectives of the lignocellulosic biorefinery Presents a virtual biorefinery as an integrated approach to evaluate the lignocellulose production chain

Nano Bio Catalysis in Lignocellulosic Biomass Valorization

Nano  Bio Catalysis in Lignocellulosic Biomass Valorization Book
Author : Rafael Luque,Christophe Len,Konstantinos Triantafyllidis
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 2889457729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The valorization of lignocellulosic biomass, in the form of forest and agricultural wastes, industrial processing side-streams, and dedicated energy crops, toward chemicals, fuels and added-value products has become a major research area with increasing exploitation potential. The efficient and tailored depolymerization of biomass or its primary structural components (hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin) to platform chemicals, i.e., sugars, phenolics, furans, ketones, organic acids, etc. is highly dependent on the development of novel or modified chemo- and bio-catalytic processes that take into account the peculiarities and recalcitrance of biomass as feedstock, compared for example to petroleum fractions. The present Research Topic in Frontiers in Chemistry, Section of Green and Sustainable Chemistry, entitled “Nano-(bio)catalysis in lignocellulosic biomass valorization” aims to further contribute to the momentum of research and development in the (bio)catalytic conversion of biomass, by featuring original research papers as well as two review papers, authored and reviewed by experts in the field. The Research Topic addresses various representative reactions and processes in biomass valorization, highlighting the importance of developing novel, efficient and stable nano-(bio)catalysts with tailored properties according to the nature of the reactant/feedstock and the targeted products.

Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives Book
Author : Lisha Yang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transition from today’s fossil fuel based economy to a sustainable economy that is grounded in renewable biomass is driven by concern of climate change and anticipation of dwindling fossil fuel resources. Biofuel is a central theme of the sustainable transition due to the large market demand in the transportation sector. However, transformation of biomass into high value added chemicals is advantageous to secure optimal use of the biomass resources from economical and ecological perspectives. Therefore, it is important for a modern biorefinery to integrate fuel and chemical production from biomass derived platform chemicals. The aim of this dissertation is to design and develop a novel and environmentally benign process to produce carboxylic acids and their derivatives, which are the building blocks for biofuels and biobased chemicals, from various lignocellulosic biomass types using recyclable heterogeneous catalysts in water and/or alcohol solutions. In this process, wet lignocellulosic biomass is pre-treated by low-temperature partial oxidation that selectively converts lignin to carboxylic acids or phenolics in aqueous-phase solutions. The remaining structured hemicellulose and cellulose are catalytically converted to lactic acid or its esters which can be further upgraded to liquid hydrocarbon fuels or value added chemicals. Although a variety of lignocellulosic biomass can be used as feedstocks in designed conversion processes, the arid-land adapted, highly water-use efficient CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism) species, (e.g., Agave tequilana and Opuntia ficus-indica) which are unique biomass species compared to other C3 and C4 plants, are especially promising. In Chapter 2, Agave and Opuntia were characterized by a series of standard biomass analytical procedures wherein both species were found to contain high water contents which would be potentially useful for aqueous phase processing of biomass, as well as low lignin and high para-crystalline cellulose contents, making them more amenable to deconstruction. In Chapter 3, a lignin model compound, guaiacol, was selectively oxidized with H2O2 as the oxidant and titanium silicate (TS-1) catalyst at low temperatures. The value-added dicarboxylic acid, maleic acid, was obtained in this TS-1/H2O2 catalytic aqueous-phase partial oxidation reaction system. In Chapter 4, hemicellulosic biomass, xylan, and xylose can be converted to lactic acid using ZrO2 catalyst in pH-neutral hydrothermal solutions. The yields of lactic acid, up to 25% and 18%, were produced from xylose and xylan, respectively. The Lewis acid property of ZrO2 was demonstrated to effectively facilitate the retro-aldol condensation of xylose, which is the initial step of the conversion of xylose to lactic acid. In Chapter 5, the mesoporous Zr-SBA-15 materials with increased Lewis acidity compared to ZrO2. were synthesized in order to increase the yields of lactic acid esters. Alkyl lactates were produced from sugars and cellulose with this catalyst in relevant alcohols in a one-pot reaction. The yields of methyl lactate at up to 41% and 44% were produced from pentose and hexose, respectively, with methanol solvent, while the yield of up to 31% ethyl lactate was directly produced from cellulose in ethanol-water solutions with the Zr-SBA-15 catalyst. Lastly, in Chapter 6, the conclusion remarks and future research directions are given.

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass

Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass Book
Author : Anuj Chandel,Silvio Silverio Da Silva
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 9535111191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides important aspects of sustainable degradation of lignocellulosic biomass which has a pivotal role for the economic production of several value-added products and biofuels with safe environment. Different pretreatment techniques and enzymatic hydrolysis process along with the characterization of cell wall components have been discussed broadly. The following features of this book attribute its distinctiveness: This book comprehensively covers the improvement in methodologies for the biomass pretreatment, hemicellulose and cellulose breakdown into fermentable sugars, the analytical methods for biomass characterization, and bioconversion of cellulosics into biofuels. In addition, mechanistic analysis of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis have been discussed in details, highlighting key factors influencing these processes at industrial scale.

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications Book
Author : Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 1119323851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications describes the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass for various applications. Although there have been numerous reports on lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel application, there have been very few other applications reported for lignocellulosic biomass-based chemicals and polymers. Therefore, this book covers all of the possible lignocellulosic biomass applications. Besides describing the different types of biofuel production, such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and biogas from lignocellulosic biomass, it also presents various other lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery applications for the production of chemicals, polymers, paper and bioplastics. In addition, there are chapters on valorization of lignocellulosic materials, alkali treatment to improve the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of lignocellulosic natural fibers, and a discussion of the major benefits, limitations and future prospects of the use of lignocellulosic biomass.

Decision Support for Biomass Value Chains for the Production of Biochemicals Considering Uncertainties

Decision Support for Biomass Value Chains for the Production of Biochemicals Considering Uncertainties Book
Author : Mueller, Ann-Kathrin
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 3731508206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Decision Support for Biomass Value Chains for the Production of Biochemicals Considering Uncertainties book written by Mueller, Ann-Kathrin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hybrid Thermochemical and Biochemical Conversion of Biomass for Value Added Products

Hybrid Thermochemical and Biochemical Conversion of Biomass for Value Added Products Book
Author : Bimal Acharya
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Greenhouse gas emissions can be minimized by reducing the use of fossil fuels and increasing the use of renewable fuel including biofuel. Biofuel feedstock should be economically feasible and consists of a variety of sources, different from the human food chain. Biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass has been recognized as an appropriate substitute to fossil fuels and first generation biofuel such as hydrolysis fermentation. There are a number of studies in progress worldwide to determine a method for the successfully and economically viable production of solid, liquid and gaseous biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass and municipal waste. Gasification-fermentation is one innovative method in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to biofuels. Synthesis gas components (CO, H2, and CO2) are easily converted to bioethanol by microorganisms such as Clostridium ljungdahlii. Bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass through conventional fermentation process does not utilize the lignin component, resulting in inefficient utilization of raw biomass. In comparison, hybrid thermochemical (gasification) and biochemical (syngas-fermentation) processes utilizes all components of lignocellulosic biomass, including lignin. Major challenges for the commercialization of biofuel include: low gas-liquid mass transfer, low bioethanol yield, impurities, high cost, and limited studies. Presently, most of the work has focused on fermentation; developing microbes for higher gas to energy conversion when the gas supply (mixture of H2 and CO) is controlled. Additional research is necessary to improve the reactor design such that higher gas-liquid mass transfer can be achieved. Similarly, the kinetic study of treated biomass-coal is an important factor for the future cascade operation of biomass-coal gasifier and syngas fermentation in the production of bioethanol. The blends of torrefied biomass and coal has potential to lower the net greenhouse gas emission by reducing carbon dioxide and NOx/SOx from the gasifier including coal fired electrical or thermal power plants by sacrificing heating value and ash content. This study focuses on the characterization and kinetic analysis of CO2 cogasification of dry torrefied biomass, hydrothermally treated biomass and coal to determine the optimum blend ratio, which has not been previously researched. Bioethanol has then been produced from the simulated syngas through the biochemical (biosynthesis) process in a bioreactor using novel gas-loop-back system. Syngas has been fermented with the microorganism Clostridium ljungdahlii. Different syngas composition and flow rate, media flow, stirrer speed, and reactor design tested to identify the most efficient pathway. This study helps to develop a better understanding of the process, thereby leading to the optimization of the overall system to produce sustainable bioethanol in Ontario. Similarly, mathematical models for thermochemical process (kinetic characterization for the blends) and biochemical process (ethanol extraction models) have been proposed.

Hydrothermal Processes for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value added Compounds

Hydrothermal Processes for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value added Compounds Book
Author : Tanja Milovanović (kemija.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrothermal Processes for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value added Compounds book written by Tanja Milovanović (kemija.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing Conversion Ready Feedstocks

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing  Conversion Ready Feedstocks Book
Author : J. Richard Hess,Allison E. Ray,Timothy G. Rials
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 2889634655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The success of lignocellulosic biofuels and biochemical industries depends upon an economic and reliable supply of quality biomass. However, research and development efforts have historically focused on the utilization of agriculturally-derived, cellulosic feedstocks without consideration of their low energy density, high variations in physical and chemical characteristics and potential supply risks in terms of availability and affordability. This Research Topic will explore strategies that enable supply chain improvements in biomass quality and consistency through blending, preprocessing, diversity and landscape design for development of conversion-ready, lignocellulosic feedstocks for production of biofuels and bio-products. Biomass variability has proven a formidable challenge to the emerging biorefining industry, impeding continuous operation and reducing yields required for economical production of lignocellulosic biofuels at scale. Conventional supply systems lack the preprocessing capabilities necessary to ensure consistent biomass feedstocks with physical and chemical properties that are compatible with supply chain operations and conversion processes. Direct coupling of conventional feedstock supply systems with sophisticated conversion systems has reduced the operability of biorefining processes to less than 50%. As the bioeconomy grows, the inherent variability of biomass resources cannot be managed by passive means alone. As such, there is a need to fully recognize the magnitude of biomass variability and uncertainty, as well as the cost of failing to design feedstock supply systems that can mitigate biomass variability and uncertainty. A paradigm shift is needed, from biorefinery designs using raw, single-resource biomass, to advanced feedstock supply systems that harness diverse biomass resources to enable supply chain resilience and development of conversion-ready feedstocks. Blending and preprocessing (e.g., drying, sorting, sizing, fractionation, leaching, densification, etc.) can mitigate variable quality and performance in diverse resources when integrated with downstream conversion systems. Decoupling feedstock supply from biorefining provides an opportunity to manage supply risks and incorporate value-added upgrading to develop feedstocks with improved convertibility and/ or market fungibility. Conversion-ready feedstocks have undergone the required preprocessing to ensure compatibility with conversion and utilization prior to delivery at the biorefinery and represent lignocellulosic biomass with physical and chemical properties that are tailored to meet the requirements of industrially-relevant handling and conversion systems.

Cellulose

Cellulose Book
Author : John Kadla,Theo G.M. Van De Ven
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-08-29
ISBN : 9535111728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellulose is only one of the components of biomass, although being the most abundant. To make useful chemicals or materials from cellulose requires as the first step the separation of cellulose from biomass. Various issues of cellulose extraction and its conversion are discussed in the chapters of this book on cellulose, the third and last one of a series of books on cellulose. This conversion of cellulose is an integral part of the biorefinery concept, an effort to derive optimum value from all biomass components, and as such compulsory reading for students and researchers in this area.

Lignocellulosic Biorefining Technologies

Lignocellulosic Biorefining Technologies Book
Author : Avinash P. Ingle,Anuj Kumar Chandel,Silvio Silverio da Silva
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 111956882X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A text to the advances and development of novel technologies in the production of high-value products from economically viable raw materials Lignocellulosic Biorefining Technologiesis an essential guide to the most recent advances and developments of novel technologies in the production of various high-value products from economically viable raw materials. Written by a team of experts on the topic, the book covers important topics specifically on production of economical and sustainable products such as various biofuels, organic acids, enzymes, biopigments, biosurfactants, etc. The book highlights the important aspects of lignocellulosic biorefining including structure, function, and chemical composition of the plant cell wall and reviews the details about the various components present in the lignocellulosic biomass and their characterizations. The authors explore the various approaches available for processing lignocellulosic biomass into second generation sugars and focus on the possibilities of utilization of lignocellulosic feedstocks for the production of biofuels and biochemicals. Each chapter includes a range of clear, informative tables and figures, and contains relevant references of published articles. This important text: Provides cutting-edge information on the recent developments in lignocellulose biorefinery Reviews production of various economically important and sustainable products, such as biofuels, organic acids, biopigments, and biosurfactants Highlights several broad-ranging areas of recent advances in the utilization of a variety of lignocellulosic feedstocks Provides a valuable, authoritative reference for anyone interested in the topic Written for post-graduate students and researchers in disciplines such as biotechnology, bioengineering, forestry, agriculture, and chemical industry, Lignocellulosic Biorefining Technologies is an authoritative and updated guide to the knowledge about various biorefining technologies.

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products Book
Author : Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030618374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book discusses various processes of feedstocks bioconversion such as bioconversion of food waste, human manure, industrial waste, beverage waste, kitchen waste, organic waste, fruit and vegetable, poultry waste, solid waste, agro-industrial waste, cow dung, steroid, lignocellulosic residue, biomass, natural gas etc. Nowadays, the industrial revolution and urbanization have made human life comfortable. However, this requires excess usage of natural resources starting from food and food products, to energy resources, materials as well as chemicals. The excess use of natural resources for human comfort is expected to high fuel prices, decline natural resources as well as cause a huge hike in the cost of raw materials. These factors are pushing researchers to grow environmentally friendly processes and techniques based on inexpensive and sustainable feedstock to accomplish such worldwide targets. Bioconversion, otherwise called biotransformation, is the change of natural materials, for example, plant or animal waste, into usable items or energy sources by microorganisms. Bioconversion is an environmentally friendly benevolent choice to supplant the well-established chemical procedures utilized these days for the production of chemicals and fuels. A variety of alternatives advancements are being considered and are directly accessible to acquire diverse valuable end-products through bioprocesses. This book discusses in detail the process and techniques of bioconversion by focusing on the organic feedstock of animal and plant origin. It brings solutions to the bioconversion of various feedstock into value-added products.