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Light Scattering By Particles In Water

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Light Scattering by Particles in Water

Light Scattering by Particles in Water Book
Author : Miroslaw Jonasz,Georges Fournier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 9780080548678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light scattering-based methods are used to characterize small particles suspended in water in a wide range of disciplines ranging from oceanography, through medicine, to industry. The scope and accuracy of these methods steadily increases with the progress in light scattering research. This book focuses on the theoretical and experimental foundations of the study and modeling of light scattering by particles in water and critically evaluates the key constraints of light scattering models. It begins with a brief review of the relevant theoretical fundamentals of the interaction of light with condensed matter, followed by an extended discussion of the basic optical properties of pure water and seawater and the physical principles that explain them. The book continues with a discussion of key optical features of the pure water/seawater and the most common components of natural waters. In order to clarify and put in focus some of the basic physical principles and most important features of the experimental data on light scattering by particles in water, the authors employ simple models. The book concludes with extensive critical reviews of the experimental constraints of light scattering models: results of measurements of light scattering and of the key properties of the particles: size distribution, refractive index (composition), structure, and shape. These reviews guide the reader through literature scattered among more than 210 scientific journals and periodicals which represent a wide range of disciplines. A special emphasis is put on the methods of measuring both light scattering and the relevant properties of the particles, because principles of these methods may affect interpretation and applicability of the results. The book includes extensive guides to literature on light scattering data and instrumentation design, as well as on the data for size distributions, refractive indices, and shapes typical of particles in natural waters. It also features a comprehensive index, numerous cross-references, and a reference list with over 1370 entries. An errata sheet for this work can be found at: http://www.tpdsci.com/Ref/Jonasz_M_2007_LightScatE.php *Extensive reference section provides handy compilations of knowledge on the designs of light scattering meters, sources of experimental data, and more *Worked exercises and examples throughout

Parallel Measurements of Light Scattering and Characterization of Marine Particles in Water An Evaluation of Methodology

Parallel Measurements of Light Scattering and Characterization of Marine Particles in Water  An Evaluation of Methodology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The principal objective of this project is to evaluate various techniques for parallel (or nearly-parallel) determinations of light scattering and particle characteristics using a broad suite of experimental approaches and instruments, including both benchtop and in situ instrumentation. A second objective is to characterize variability in the volume scattering function and particle size distribution for various optical water types and samples.

Light Scattering Reviews 3

Light Scattering Reviews 3 Book
Author : Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-22
ISBN : 3540485465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the 3rd volume of a "Light Scattering Reviews" series devoted to current knowledge of light scattering problems and both experimental and theoretical research techniques related to their solution. This volume covers applications in remote sensing, inverse problems and geophysics, with a particular focus on terrestrial clouds. The influence of clouds on climate is poorly understood. The theoretical aspects of this problem constitute the main emphasis of this work.

Light Scattering by Small Particles

Light Scattering by Small Particles Book
Author : H. C. van de Hulst
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012-06-08
ISBN : 0486139751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive treatment of light-scattering properties of small, independent particles, including a full range of useful approximation methods for researchers in chemistry, meteorology, and astronomy. 46 tables. 59 graphs. 44 illustrations.

Particles in Water

Particles in Water Book
Author : John Gregory
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-06
ISBN : 9780203508459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the author’s more than 35 years of experience, Particles in Water: Properties and Processes examines particles and their behavior in water systems. The book offers clear and accessible methods for characterizing a range of particles both individually and as aggregates. The author delineates the principles for understanding particle properties and shows how such information contributes to the understanding and improvement of water treatment processes, including sedimentation, flocculation, and filtration. A distillation of the author's years of experience, the book explores practical applications of fundamental principles. Outlining the origin, nature, and properties of particles in water, the author covers particle size, transport processes, and light scattering and provides a broad outline of important techniques for particle size determination. He discusses the important topic of surface charge, which plays a major role in colloid stability and interactions between particles, with some emphasis on the role of dissolved salts. The book gives an account of particle aggregation kinetics, the form of aggregates, and aggregate strength and explores coagulation and flocculation and the modes of action of some common additives used in these processes. The book concludes with an overview of important solid-liquid separation processes and the principles on which they are based. The author presents the material in an easily accessible style, using just enough math to be clear but not so much as to be overwhelming. Highlighting the growing importance of advanced filtration systems in water treatment, this book provides an excellent summary of the behavior of particles in water systems and in relation to the techniques designed to capture and remove them.

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles Book
Author : Craig F. Bohren,Donald R. Huffman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 3527618163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles Treating absorption and scattering in equal measure, this self-contained, interdisciplinary study examines and illustrates how small particles absorb and scatter light. The authors emphasize that any discussion of the optical behavior of small particles is inseparable from a full understanding of the optical behavior of the parent material-bulk matter. To divorce one concept from the other is to render any study on scattering theory seriously incomplete. Special features and important topics covered in this book include: * Classical theories of optical properties based on idealized models * Measurements for three representative materials: magnesium oxide, aluminum, and water * An extensive discussion of electromagnetic theory * Numerous exact and approximate solutions to various scattering problems * Examples and applications from physics, astrophysics, atmospheric physics, and biophysics * Some 500 references emphasizing work done since Kerker's 1969 work on scattering theory * Computer programs for calculating scattering by spheres, coated spheres, and infinite cylinders

Elastic Light Scattering Spectrometry

Elastic Light Scattering Spectrometry Book
Author : Cheng Zhi Huang,Jian Ling,Jian Wang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 3110573245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the basics of light scattering and then presents theoretical methods and applications of elastic light scattering spectrometry in the field of analytical chemistry. Different elastic light scattering probes and how to use elastic light scattering probes for the analysis of inorganic ions, organic molecules, nucleic acids, proteins, biological microparticles, water and the atmospheric environment are discussed in detail.

Light Scattering Study of Particle Sizes and Interparticle Interactions of Water in oil Microemulsions with and Without Polymer

Light Scattering Study of Particle Sizes and Interparticle Interactions of Water in oil Microemulsions with and Without Polymer Book
Author : Seng Poon Ong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Light Scattering Study of Particle Sizes and Interparticle Interactions of Water in oil Microemulsions with and Without Polymer book written by Seng Poon Ong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Springer Series in Light Scattering

Springer Series in Light Scattering Book
Author : Alexander Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-04-25
ISBN : 9783030712532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed at description of recent progress in radiative transfer, atmospheric remote sensing, snow optics, and light scattering. Light scattering/ radiative transfer and atmospheric optics research community will greatly benefit from the publication of this book.

Optics of Light Scattering Media

Optics of Light Scattering Media Book
Author : Alex A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer-Praxis
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizes current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and light scattering media (e.g. snow, clouds, foam, aerosols) crucial to diverse applications in atmospheric physics, atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy, astrophysics, and biological optics. The main focus of Kokhanovsky (physics, Academy of Sciences, Minsk, Belarus) is on modern approximate analytical solutions for single and multiple light scattering problems, but he does not ignore theory (namely, scattering theory and radioactive transfer theory). Includes appendices on refractive indices; exact solutions of light-scattering problems for uniform, two-layered and optically active spherical particles; special functions; light-scattering codes on the Internet; and phase functions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Springer Series in Light Scattering

Springer Series in Light Scattering Book
Author : Alexander Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-22
ISBN : 3319708082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a survey of modern theoretical and experimental techniques in studies of light scattering phenomena and radiative transfer processes in random media. It presents reviews on light scattering by sea water and bubbles, and includes a separate chapter addressing studies of the remote sensing of crystalline clouds with a focus on the shape of particles—a parameter rarely studied by passive remote sensing techniques. In particular, it offers a comprehensive analysis of polarized radiative transfer in optically active (e.g., chiral) light scattering media and explores advances in spectro-polarimetry of particulate media. Lastly it discusses new developments in light scattering for combustion monitoring.

Light Scattering Media Optics

Light Scattering Media Optics Book
Author : Alex A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-08-05
ISBN : 9783540211846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theory of the scattering of light by small particles is very important in a wide range of applications in atmospheric physics and atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics and biological optics. This book summarises current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and natural light scattering media such as snow, clouds, foam aerosols etc. The book considers both single and multiple light scattering regimes, together with light scattering and radiative transfer in close-packed media. The third edition incorporates new findings in the area of light scattering media optics in an updated version of the text.

The Theoretical Response of a Light Scattering Aerosol Particle Analyzer to Concentric Coal water Spheres

The Theoretical Response of a Light Scattering Aerosol Particle Analyzer to Concentric Coal water Spheres Book
Author : Robert E. Larson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Theoretical Response of a Light Scattering Aerosol Particle Analyzer to Concentric Coal water Spheres book written by Robert E. Larson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Columbia River as a Source of Marine Light Scattering Particles

The Columbia River as a Source of Marine Light Scattering Particles Book
Author : H. Pak
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Columbia River plume region was investigated during the period of 20 June to 3 July, 1968 by light scattering measurements and standard hydrographic station observations. The Columbia River plume was traced by the light scattering particles of the plume water. The light scattering particles are estimated to be contained in the plume water for 30 to 50 days. On the basis of the data taken in the Columbia River plume region, a conceptual model is made to describe the flow of river originated particles to the ocean water. In the distribution of the light scattering particles a northward deep current under the plume near the river mouth and a subsurface offshore flow near the bottom of the Columbia River plume are shown.

Light Scattering Reviews 7

Light Scattering Reviews 7 Book
Author : Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-23
ISBN : 3642219071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light Scattering Reviews (vol.7) is aimed at the description of modern advances in radiative transfer and light scattering. The following topics will be considered: the general - purpose discrete - ordinate algorithm DISORT for radiative transfer, fast radiative transfer techniques, use of polarization in remote sensing, Markovian approach for radiative transfer in cloudy atmospheres, coherent and incoherent backscattering by turbid media and surfaces,advances in radiative transfer methods as used for luminiscence tomography, optical properties of aerosol, ice crystals, snow, and oceanic water. This volume will be a valuable addition to already published volumes 1-6 of Light Scattering Reviews.

Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles

Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles Book
Author : Ferdinando Borghese,Paolo Denti,Rosalba Saija
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-11
ISBN : 3540374140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first coherent account of a well-known approach to the problem of light scattering by small anisotropic particles. In this extended second edition the authors have encompassed all the new topics arising from their recent studies of cosmic dust grains. Thus many chapters were deeply revised and new chapters were added. The book addresses a wide spectrum of applications.

Springer Series in Light Scattering

Springer Series in Light Scattering Book
Author : Alexander Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-13
ISBN : 3030034453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a survey of modern theoretical techniques in studies of radiative transfer and light scattering phenomena in turbid media. It offers a comprehensive analysis of polarized radiative transfer, and also discusses advances in planetary spectroscopy as far as aerosol layer height determination is of interest. Further, it describes approximate methods of the radiative transfer equation solution for a special case of strongly scattering media. A separate chapter focuses on optical properties of Black Carbon aggregates.

Springer Series in Light Scattering

Springer Series in Light Scattering Book
Author : Alexander Kokhanovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-17
ISBN : 3319707965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recent advances in studies of light propagation, scattering, emission and absorption in random media. Many natural and biological media vary randomly in time and space. Examples are terrestrial atmosphere and ocean, biological liquids and tissues to name but a few.