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Life Cycle Assessment Of Biorefineries

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Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries Book
Author : Edgard Gnansounou,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 9780444635853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries, the sixth and last book in the series on biomass-biorefineries discusses the unprecedented growth and development in the emerging concept of a global bio-based economy in which biomass-based biorefineries have attained center stage for the production of fuels and chemicals. It is envisaged that by 2020 a majority of chemicals currently being produced through a chemical route will be produced via a bio-based route. Agro-industrial residues, municipal solid wastes, and forestry wastes have been considered as the most significant feedstocks for such bio-refineries. However, for the techno-economic success of such biorefineries, it is of prime and utmost importance to understand their lifecycle assessment for various aspects. Provides state-of-art information on the basics and fundamental principles of LCA for biorefineries Contains key features for the education and understanding of integrated biorefineries Presents models that are used to cope with land-use changes and their effects on biorefineries Includes relevant case studies that illustrate main points

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries

Life Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries Book
Author : Edgard Gnansounou,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-12-20
ISBN : 0444635866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life-Cycle Assessment of Biorefineries, the sixth and last book in the series on biomass-biorefineries discusses the unprecedented growth and development in the emerging concept of a global bio-based economy in which biomass-based biorefineries have attained center stage for the production of fuels and chemicals. It is envisaged that by 2020 a majority of chemicals currently being produced through a chemical route will be produced via a bio-based route. Agro-industrial residues, municipal solid wastes, and forestry wastes have been considered as the most significant feedstocks for such bio-refineries. However, for the techno-economic success of such biorefineries, it is of prime and utmost importance to understand their lifecycle assessment for various aspects. Provides state-of-art information on the basics and fundamental principles of LCA for biorefineries Contains key features for the education and understanding of integrated biorefineries Presents models that are used to cope with land-use changes and their effects on biorefineries Includes relevant case studies that illustrate main points

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts Book
Author : R. Praveen Kumar,Edgard Gnansounou,Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman,Gurunathan Baskar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-08
ISBN : 0128189975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes

Biorefineries and Chemical Processes Book
Author : Jhuma Sadhukhan,Kok Siew Ng,Elias Martinez Hernandez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 1118698169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the range of feedstocks, process technologies and products expand, biorefineries will become increasingly complex manufacturing systems. Biorefineries and Chemical Processes: Design, Integration and Sustainability Analysis presents process modelling and integration, and whole system life cycle analysis tools for the synthesis, design, operation and sustainable development of biorefinery and chemical processes. Topics covered include: Introduction: An introduction to the concept and development of biorefineries. Tools: Included here are the methods for detailed economic and environmental impact analyses; combined economic value and environmental impact analysis; life cycle assessment (LCA); multi-criteria analysis; heat integration and utility system design; mathematical programming based optimization and genetic algorithms. Process synthesis and design: Focuses on modern unit operations and innovative process flowsheets. Discusses thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass, production of chemicals and polymers from biomass, and processes for carbon dioxide capture. Biorefinery systems: Presents biorefinery process synthesis using whole system analysis. Discusses bio-oil and algae biorefineries, integrated fuel cells and renewables, and heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Companion website: Four case studies, additional exercises and examples are available online, together with three supplementary chapters which address waste and emission minimization, energy storage and control systems, and the optimization and reuse of water. This textbook is designed to bridge a gap between engineering design and sustainability assessment, for advanced students and practicing process designers and engineers.

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems and Sustainable Energy Technologies

Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems and Sustainable Energy Technologies Book
Author : Riccardo Basosi,Maurizio Cellura,Sonia Longo,Maria Laura Parisi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-15
ISBN : 3319937405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to sustainable energy systems and technologies. It reviews the state-of-the-art of the Italian experiences on the LCA applied to energy, and the most recent results from research in this field, with a particular focus on renewables, bio-energy and sustainable solutions. The contributors describe in detail the applications of LCA to various energy system topics, including: • electricity production, smart energy grids and energy storage systems;• renewable energy production from biomass;• production of biodiesel from microalgae;• environmental impacts of biomass power plants; and• geothermal energy production. These topics are supported by critical reviews and case studies, with discussions of Italian examples, demonstrating LCA’s application to various energy systems. A particular focus is placed on bio-energies and bio-energy systems, demonstrating how LCA can be used for optimal bio-energy production. This book offers an opportunity for researchers and advanced practitioners in the field of LCA to learn more about the application of LCA methodology to energy systems and technologies. It will also be of interest to students, as it enables them to understand the environmental impacts of energy systems and sustainable energy technologies, through the analysis of their life cycles.

Life Cycle Assessment LCA of Environmental and Energy Systems

Life Cycle Assessment  LCA  of Environmental and Energy Systems Book
Author : Fabrizio Passarini,Luca Ciacci
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-01
ISBN : 3036500804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transition towards renewable energy sources and “green” technologies for energy generation and storage is expected to mitigate the climate emergency in the coming years. However, in many cases, this progress has been hampered by our dependency on critical materials or other resources that are often processed at high environmental burdens. Yet, many studies have shown that environmental and energy issues are strictly interconnected and require a comprehensive understanding of resource management strategies and their implications. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is among the most inclusive analytical techniques to analyze sustainability benefits and trade-offs within complex systems and, in this Special Issue, it is applied to assess the mutual influences of environmental and energy dimensions. The selection of original articles, reviews, and case studies addressed covers some of the main driving applications for energy requirements and greenhouse gas emissions, including power generation, bioenergy, biorefinery, building, and transportation. An insightful perspective on the current topics and technologies, and emerging research needs, is provided. Alone or in combination with integrative methodologies, LCA can be of pivotal importance and constitute the scientific foundation on which a full system understanding can be reached.

Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Biomass and Biorefinery Production Chains

Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Biomass and Biorefinery Production Chains Book
Author : Ranjan Parajuli
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-07-24
ISBN : 9788793398603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Biomass and Biorefinery Production Chains book written by Ranjan Parajuli, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future Book
Author : Jingzheng Ren,Antonio Scipioni,Alessandro Manzardo,Hanwei Liang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-20
ISBN : 0128155825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofuels for a More Sustainable Future: Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Multi-criteria Decision Making provides a comprehensive sustainability analysis of biofuels based on life cycle thinking and develops various multi-dimensional decision-making techniques for prioritizing biofuel production technologies. Taking a transversal approach, the book combines life cycle sustainability assessment, life cycle assessment, life cycle costing analysis, social life cycle assessment, sustainability metrics, triple bottom line, operations research methods, and supply chain design for investigating the critical factors and key enablers that influence the sustainable development of biofuel industry. This book will equip researchers and policymakers in the energy sector with the scientific methodology and metrics needed to develop strategies for viable sustainability transition. It will be a key resource for students, researchers and practitioners seeking to deepen their knowledge on energy planning and current and future trends of biofuel as an alternative fuel. Provides an innovative approach to promoting sustainable development in biofuel production by linking supply chain design and decision support with the life cycle perspective Features case studies and examples that illustrate the theory and methods developed Includes material on corporate social responsibility and economic analysis of biofuels that is highly useful to policy-makers and administrators in both government and enterprise sectors

Life Cycle Assessment of Forest Products

Life Cycle Assessment of Forest Products Book
Author : Gustav Sandin,Greg M. Peters,Magdalena Svanström
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-07
ISBN : 3319440276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief contains information on the reduction of environmental impact and explains how it is a key driver for the R&D of new forest products. The authors, experts in the field, describe how Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to assess the environmental impact of such products, e.g. in order to guide R&D or attract investments. The authors describe the main challenges of carrying out LCAs on forest products, make recommendations for managing these challenges, and discuss future research needs. LCA case studies are used to illustrate the challenges, covering a variety of forest products: building components, biofuels, industrial chemicals, textile fibres and clothing. Described challenges include the planning of LCA studies (e.g.how can one use LCA in R&D?), the modelling of product systems (how can one handle multi-functionality and uncertainties related to waste handling and geographical location of future production?) and environmental impact (how can one assess water and land use impact, and the climate impact of biomass?).

Bio valorization of Waste

Bio valorization of Waste Book
Author : Shachi Shah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-24
ISBN : 9811596964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bio valorization of Waste book written by Shachi Shah, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Bioenergy Production

Sustainable Bioenergy Production Book
Author : Lijun Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-18
ISBN : 1466505524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the environmental concerns and declining availability of fossil fuels, as well as the growing population worldwide, it is essential to move toward a sustainable bioenergy-based economy. However, it is also imperative to address sustainability in the bioenergy industry in order to avoid depleting necessary biomass resources. Sustainable Bioenergy Production provides comprehensive knowledge and skills for the analysis and design of sustainable biomass production, bioenergy processing, and biorefinery systems for professionals in the bioenergy field. Focusing on topics vital to the sustainability of the bioenergy industry, this book is divided into four sections: Fundamentals of Engineering Analysis and Design of Bioenergy Production Systems, Sustainable Biomass Production and Supply Logistics, Sustainable Bioenergy Processing, and Sustainable Biorefinery Systems. Section I covers the fundamentals of genetic engineering, novel breeding, and cropping technologies applied in the development of energy crops. It discusses modern computational tools used in the design and analysis of bioenergy production systems and the life-cycle assessment for evaluating the environmental sustainability of biomass production and bioenergy processing technologies. Section II focuses on the technical and economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of various biomass feedstocks and emerging technologies to improve feedstock sustainability. Section III addresses the technical and economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of different bioenergy processing technologies and emerging technologies to improve the sustainability of each bioenergy process. Section IV discusses the design and analysis of biorefineries and different biorefinery systems, including lignocellulosic feedstock, whole-crop, and green biorefinery.

Biorefineries

Biorefineries Book
Author : Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate,Jonathan Moncada Botero,Valentina Aristizábal Marulanda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351626264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aimed at presenting a systematic design of biorefineries, the book initiates with an overview about relevance and applications explained through origin of raw materials, transformation routes and products. Then, concepts as hierarchy, sequencing and integration are considered which helps in generating a sustainable and strategic design of biorefineries. Further, framework for biorefineries based on techno-economic, environmental and social aspects is analyzed with examples to show the applications. Finally, some mass, energy and economic indices are considered to assess the biorefinery sustainability and key challenges for future development of biorefineries. Key Features Presents current state-of the-art of the biorefineries design and analyses for in depth understanding of biofuels and biomaterials Explores conceptual design of processes Concepts discussed with strong engineering approach, including design strategies and techno-economic analyses Includes bio-based materials, natural products and food products in the biorefinery concept Presentation of structured method to calculate indices of performance of biorefineries

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Sunita Varjani,Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,S.Venkata Mohan,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 9780323898553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Circular Bioeconomy: Technologies for Biofuels and Biochemicals provides comprehensive information on strategies and approaches that facilitate the integration of technologies for the production of bio-based fuels, chemicals and other value-added products from wastes with waste biorefinery concepts and green strategies. The book also covers lifecycle assessment and techno-economic analyses of integrated biorefineries within a circular bioeconomy framework. As there has been continual research on new designs in production and consumerist approaches as we move towards sustainable development by scientists of various disciplines, law makers, environmental activists and industrialists, this book provides the latest details. Resources consumption and environment degradation necessitates a transition of our linear economy towards sustainable social and technical systems. As fossil resources are only projected to fulfill the needs of the population for the next couple of centuries, new tactics and standards must be created to ensure future success. Covers recent developments and perspectives on biofuels and chemicals production Provides the latest on the integration of technologies and processes for biofuels and chemicals production Paves a way forward roadmap to achieve Sustainable Development Goals Covers recent developments in lifecycle assessment and techno economic analysis using a waste biorefinery approach

Advances in Biorefineries

Advances in Biorefineries Book
Author : Keith W. Waldron
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-04-28
ISBN : 0857097385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biorefineries are an essential technology in converting biomass into biofuels or other useful materials. Advances in Biorefineries provides a comprehensive overview of biorefining processing techniques and technologies, and the biofuels and other materials produced. Part one focuses on methods of optimizing the biorefining process and assessing its environmental and economic impact. It also looks at current and developing technologies for producing value-added materials. Part two goes on to explore these materials with a focus on biofuels and other value-added products. It considers the properties, limitations, and practical applications of these products and how they can be used to meet the increasing demand for renewable and sustainable fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels. Advances in Biorefineries is a vital reference for biorefinery/process engineers, industrial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and academics in the field. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the advanced biomass recovery and conversion processes used in biorefineries Reviews developments in biorefining processes Discusses the wide range of value-added products from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives

Towards Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in Preliminary Process Design

Towards Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in Preliminary Process Design Book
Author : Niels Vermeer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Towards Integration of Life Cycle Assessment in Preliminary Process Design book written by Niels Vermeer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainability Assessment of Renewables Based Products

Sustainability Assessment of Renewables Based Products Book
Author : Jo Dewulf,Steven De Meester,Rodrigo Alvarenga
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN : 111893394X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An extensive update and sequel to the successful title Renewables-Based Technology: Sustainability Assessment. Over the past decade, the field of renewable resources has grown tremendously and sustainability assessment methods have undergone significant changes and improvements. This book brings together the wide range of sustainability assessment methods in current use, together with case studies to demonstrate their applications. The book is divided into four sections as follows: Part 1 - Introduction: Discusses the growing role of renewables as resources and their applications, together with an introduction to the principles of sustainability assessment Part 2 - Assessment Methods: Presents a wide variety of sustainability assessment methods and tools that are currently used. This includes land, water-and material use analysis, energy and exergy use, carbon footprints, life cycle analysis, ecological footprints, life cycle costing, social sustainability analysis, Prosuite methodology and Seebalance (the SocioEcoEfficiency Analysis developed by BASF. Part 3 - Case Studies: Provides context buy demonstrating the application of these methods within the major industries benefiting from renewables. The case studies apply sustainability assessment methods to the production of renewable energy (wind energy, solar energy and biofuels), bio-based chemicals and bio-based materials. Part 4 - Conclusions

Algal Biorefinery

Algal Biorefinery Book
Author : Ajay K. Dalai,Vaibhav V. Goud,Sonil Nanda,Venu Babu Borugadda
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-08
ISBN : 1000410781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book enables readers to understand the theoretical aspects, key steps and scientific techniques with a detailed mechanism to produce biofuels from algae. Each chapter provides the latest developments and recent advancements starting from algal cultivation techniques to the production of value-added green fuels, chemicals and products with wide applications. The volume brings together a broad range of international and interdisciplinary experts, including chemical and biological engineers, biotechnologists, process engineers, environmentalists, pharmacists and nutritionists, to one platform to explore the beneficial aspects and challenges for an algal-based biorefinery. Chapters address cutting-edge issues surrounding algal cultivation, including genetic modification of algal strains, design and optimization of photobioreactors and open-pond systems, algal oil extraction techniques and algal-derived fuel products (biodiesel, bio-gasoline, jet fuels and bio-oil). Finally, the book considers the potential environmental impacts for establishing a sustainable algal biorefinery through lifecycle analysis, techno-economic assessment and supply chain management. This book will be an important resource for students, academics and professionals interested in algal cultivation, biofuels and agricultural engineering, and renewable energy and sustainable development more broadly.

Time dependent Variation in Life Cycle Assessment of Microalgal Biorefinery Co products

Time dependent Variation in Life Cycle Assessment of Microalgal Biorefinery Co products Book
Author : Mahdokht Montazeri
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microalgae can serve as a highly productive biological feedstock for fuels and chemicals. The lipid fraction of algal seeds has been the primary target of research for biofuel production. However, numerous assessments have found that valorization of co-products is essential to achieve economic and environmental goals. The relative proportion of co-products depends on the biomolecular composition of algae at the time of harvesting. In the present study the productivity of lipid, starch, and protein fractions were shown through growth experiments to vary widely with species, feeding regime, and harvesting time. Four algae species were cultivated under nitrogen-replete and -deplete conditions and analyzed at regular harvesting intervals. Dynamic growth results were then used for life cycle assessment using the U.S. Department of Energy's GREET model to determine optimal growth scenarios that minimize life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, eutrophication, and cumulative energy demand (CED), while aiming for an energy return on investment (EROI) greater than unity. Per kg of biodiesel produced, C. sorokiniana in N-replete conditions harvested at 12 days was most favorable for GHG emissions and CED, despite having a lipid content of

Microalgal Biotechnology

Microalgal Biotechnology Book
Author : Ajam Shekh,Peer Schenk,R Sarada
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-05-10
ISBN : 1839163518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microalgae are a group of single-celled, photosynthetic microorganisms. They are of great commercial interest as they are capable of producing biomass (with a vast array of biochemical) using sunlight, CO2 and various other naturally occurring nutrients. Correctly utilised, they have the potential to provide sustainable supply of commercially relevant biochemicals, biofuels, nutraceuticals, food and feed supplements. The field of microalgal biotechnology is a fast-paced area of research, with technologies coming ever closer to commercial viability. Microalgal Biotechnology consolidates the latest research in the field together with a look at market potential and policy considerations. Highlighting the huge potential of microalgae as commercial commodities, it covers progress on various fronts including; bio-refinery and its technological challenges, genetic engineering, biosafety and regulatory issues, open and closed photo-bioreactors for biomass production, market space and sustainability for algal products. This book is a useful resource for researchers, academicians, postgraduate students, industries, policy makers and anyone interested in the status and future possibilities of microalgae commercialisation.

Algal Biorefinery

Algal Biorefinery Book
Author : Ajay K. Dalai,Vaibhav V. Goud,Sonil Nanda,Venu Babu Borugadda
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-08
ISBN : 1000410838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book enables readers to understand the theoretical aspects, key steps and scientific techniques with a detailed mechanism to produce biofuels from algae. Each chapter provides the latest developments and recent advancements starting from algal cultivation techniques to the production of value-added green fuels, chemicals and products with wide applications. The volume brings together a broad range of international and interdisciplinary experts, including chemical and biological engineers, biotechnologists, process engineers, environmentalists, pharmacists and nutritionists, to one platform to explore the beneficial aspects and challenges for an algal-based biorefinery. Chapters address cutting-edge issues surrounding algal cultivation, including genetic modification of algal strains, design and optimization of photobioreactors and open-pond systems, algal oil extraction techniques and algal-derived fuel products (biodiesel, bio-gasoline, jet fuels and bio-oil). Finally, the book considers the potential environmental impacts for establishing a sustainable algal biorefinery through lifecycle analysis, techno-economic assessment and supply chain management. This book will be an important resource for students, academics and professionals interested in algal cultivation, biofuels and agricultural engineering, and renewable energy and sustainable development more broadly.