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Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

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Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Saju Daniel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 0081019041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have recently become a formidable research area due to their amendable properties and potential applications. The distinct properties of LDH polymer nanocomposites include a wide range of chemical compositions, structural homogeneity, unique anion exchanging ability, easy synthesis, high bound water content, memory effect, non-toxicity and biocompatibility. This means that LDH polymer nanocomposites have the potential for new and innovative applications. Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites presents a comprehensive overview of the recent innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. As well as covering fundamental structural and chemical knowledge, this book also explores various properties and characterization techniques including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. There is also a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as energy, electrical and electronic, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and their future applications. This book will be an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Extensive review on cutting-edge research for potential future applications, in a variety of industries

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Layered Double Hydroxide Structures and the Development of LDH polymer Nanocomposites

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Layered Double Hydroxide Structures and the Development of LDH polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Gang Hu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Layered Double Hydroxide Structures and the Development of LDH polymer Nanocomposites book written by Gang Hu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781628703672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applicationsDiscusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcementDiscusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites.

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 0128226692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications summarizes the properties of polymer nanocomposites, discusses their industrial scale fabrication methods, and presents their applications for various industrial sectors at both experimental and theoretical models scales. The book also addresses existing challenges for the use of polymer nanocomposites in major industrial sectors. Overall, the aim of this book is to summarize the recent advancements in the use of PNCs in a variety of industry sectors. Particular attention is paid to those approaches that enable green and sustainable industrial developments. The legal, economical and toxicity aspects of polymer nanocomposite are also presented in detail. Comprehensively explores how polymer nanocomposites are being used to create more efficient products and devices in a variety of industry sectors Explores the environmental, legal, health and safety issues of using polymer nanocomposites in an industrial context Develops a roadmap to the wider commercial utilization of polymer nanocomposites Emphasizes the use of polymer nanocomposites in green and sustainable technologies

Thermally Stable and Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites

Thermally Stable and Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-30
ISBN : 1139495984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer nanocomposites have revolutionised material performance, most notably in the plastics, automotive and aerospace industries. However, in order to be commercially viable, many of these materials must withstand high temperatures. In this book, leaders in the field outline the mechanisms behind the generation of suitable polymer systems, pulling together recent research to provide a unified and up-to-date assessment of recent technological advancements. The text is divided into two clear sections, introducing the reader to the two most important requirements for this material type: thermal stability and flame retardancy. Special attention is paid to practical examples, walking the reader through the numerous commercial applications of thermally stable and flame retardant nanocomposites. With a strong focus on placing theory within commercial context, this unique volume will appeal to practitioners as well as researchers.

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Fengge Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 0857096249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposite Research Advances

Polymer Nanocomposite Research Advances Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604560633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book focuses on the preparation, properties, characterisation and applications of polymer nanocomposites. The various manufacturing techniques, analysis of morphology, filler dispersion, and interfacial interactions have been described are detail. In the case of polymer nanocomposites, filler dispersion, intercalation/exfoliation, orientation and filler-matrix interaction are the main parameters that determine the physical, thermal, transport, mechanical and rheological properties of the nanocomposites. In this book the ultimate properties of the nanocomposites have been correlated with the key parameters of filler dispersion and filler-matrix interaction. The use of various sophisticated instrument techniques for the characterisation of these nanocomposites are also reviewed.

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 1119529840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis—a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution—breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.

Tailoring the Third Dimension of Layered Double Hydroxides

Tailoring the Third Dimension of Layered Double Hydroxides Book
Author : Jingfang Yu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have attracted lots of attention in the research field for their controllable composition and gallery spacing. LDHs have been used as catalysts, anion exchange materials, fire retardants and in polymer nanocomposites. Exfoliating LDHs into single layers nanosheets, can make the most use of the layers. New physical properties under nanoscale make new inventions of multifunctional materials possible. Different approaches to delaminate LDHs were reviewed in this thesis. Yet, none of the reported methods to obtain 2-D LDHs nanosheets was efficient. Herein, we report a new methodology to directly synthesize LDHs nanosheets. Mg/Al-LDHs nanosheets were synthesized in the presence of 23% formamide via a titration method. Formamide was used as an inhibitor that prevents the growth of LDHs in the Z-direction. LDHs/polymer nanocomposites have been extensively studied. Various methods to prepare LDHs nanocomposites have been developed. In situ intercalation of polyelectrolytes into LDHs has been reported. However, the exclusion of CO2 is a requirement during the process. Herein, we report a new approach to prepare LDHs/polyelectrolyte intercalation compounds via an in situ intercalation method. The LDH was synthesized in the presence of a polyelectrolyte [poly(sodium 4-styrene-sulfonate) (PSSS) or poly(acrylic acid, sodium) (PAAS)] by a urea hydrolysis method. Characterization data confirmed the successful intercalation. The intercalated polyelectrolytes turned to be more thermally stable as confirmed by the TGA data.

Layered Double Hydroxides LDHs

Layered Double Hydroxides  LDHs  Book
Author : Roberto Pizzoferrato,Maria Richetta
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-01
ISBN : 3036504761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs) certainly do not represent a newcomer to the scientific community, yet they continue to attract a strong and general interest among a vast and multifaceted range of researchers. This persistent modernity is definitely due to some peculiar characteristics of these materials, which allow researchers and engineers to play with different aspects of two worlds: organic and inorganic, crystalline and molecular, solid and liquid, cationic and anionic. A virtually infinite number of possible chemical combinations takes advantage of their layered structure to express an unrivaled collection of remarkable properties. The capture and/or release of organic and inorganic species, versatile low-cost catalytic activity, and blending with other compounds to build up a variety of hybrid composites, are just some of the many effects investigated to date. As a result, the applications encompass almost all aspects of our life, ranging from renewable energy production to water purification, including biomedical applications, gas sensing, drug delivery, and food packaging and safety. This Special Issue highlights some of the recent research lines, and shows that remarkable progress has been and is still being made in all these aspects, to allow the consideration of LDHs as one of the most interesting and versatile inorganic materials.

Fundamentals Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Fundamentals  Properties  and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Joseph H. Koo
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 1107029961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses polymer nanocomposites composed of a family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications.

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Giuliana Gorrasi
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 3038973262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Polymer Nanocomposites" that was published in Nanomaterials

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-26
ISBN : 0323461611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing Graphene

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing Graphene Book
Author : Mostafizur Rahaman,Lalatendu Nayak,Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein,Narayan Chandra Das
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 0128216409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing Graphene: Preparation, Properties and Applications provides detailed up-to-date information on the characterization, synthesis, processing, properties and application of these materials. Key topics that are covered in the book include: the methods of synthesis and preparation of graphene as well as different processes and methods of functionalization and modification of graphene for improving composite properties. The preparation techniques focus on which method is advantageous for getting improvements in properties along with their drawbacks. The structure and property relationships are also discussed in detail. The issues related to graphene dispersion in polymer matrices is also addressed as well as the use of graphene as reinforcement in thermoset resins. The different properties of the composites like mechanical, electrical, dielectric, thermal, rheological, morphology, spectroscopy, electronic, optical, and toxicity are reviewed from the geometrical and functional point of view. Applications cover electrical and electronic fields, flame and fire retardancy, structural, sensing and catalysis, membrane, in fuel cell and solar energy, hydrogen production, aerospace engineering, packaging, and biomedical/bioengineering fields. Up-to-date patents on graphene-polymer nanocomposites are also covered. Those working in graphene-based materials will benefit from the detailed knowledge presented in this book on graphene synthesis, composite preparation methods, and the related problems associated with them. The book will enable researchers to select the appropriate composite as per their respective field of application. Presents novel approaches for the preparation of graphene, its modification and nanocomposites with enhanced properties for state-of-the-art applications Special attention is given to how graphene is synthesized through different routes, their functionality, dispersion related matters and structural aspects controlling the composite properties for various applications All synthesis methodology and functionalization procedure for graphene is discussed

Towards New Nanocomposites with Improved Properties

Towards New Nanocomposites with Improved Properties Book
Author : Sunil Lonkar
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-05
ISBN : 9783848445912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With an industrial motivation to commercialize polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) products, development of new nanocomposites with improved properties is still a great scientific thrust. PNCs represent a radical alternative to conventional filled polymers or polymer blends - a staple of the modern plastics industry. In order to make much stiffer, light weight and high performance material products, polymer nanocomposites play an emerging role in the material innovation. The present book is based on doctoral research primarily focused on use of nanoscopic fillers i.e layered double hydroxides (LDHs) which render the polymer composites to exhibit interesting structure-property relationships and promising application perspectives. The resulting nanohybrids have quite a high potential to form innovative materials and replace the conventional plastics in many automotive and packaging applications.

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Rene Muller,Jiji Abraham
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-10
ISBN : 1118969790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites examines the current state of the art and new challenges in the characterization of nanofiller/polymer interactions, nanofiller dispersion, distribution, filler-filler interactions and interfaces in polymer nanocomposites. A one-stop reference resource for important research accomplishments in this area, it benefits academics, researchers, scientists, and engineers in the field of polymer nanocomposites in their daily work.

Mg Al Layered Double Hydroxide A Potential Nanofiller and Flame Retardant for Polyethylene

Mg Al Layered Double Hydroxide  A Potential Nanofiller and Flame Retardant for Polyethylene Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The presented research report deals with the investigation of magnesium aluminum based layered double hydroxide (LDH) as a potential nanofiller and flame-retardant for polymers with special reference to polyethylene. LDH is a mixed hydroxide of di- and trivalent metal ions that crystallizes in the form of mineral brucite. The basic reason for selecting LDH or more specifically magnesium-aluminum based LDH (Mg-Al LDH) is their typical metal hydroxide-like chemistry and conventional clay-like layered crystalline structure. The former is helpful in the direct participation in flame inhibition through endothermic decomposition and stable char formation. On the other hand, the later makes LDH suitable for polymer nanocomposite preparation, which can address the poor dispersibility problem associated with conventional metal hydroxide type fillers in polyolefin matrix. Besides, unlike layered silicate type clays (often reported for their capability to improve flame retardancy of polymers), LDH being reactive during combustion has higher efficiency to reduce the heat released during combustion of the composites. LDH clay with fixed Al:Mg ratio was synthesized using urea hydrolysis method and characterized. The organic modification of Mg-Al LDH using anionic surfactants has been studied in details. The main purpose of such modification is to enlarge the interlayer distance and to render it more organophilic. The surfactants were selected based on their functionality, chain length, etc and the modification was carried out by regeneration method. In the modified LDHs, the surfactants anions are arranged as a monolayer in the interlayer region and expand the interlayer distance according to their tail size. PE/LDH nanocomposites were prepared by melt-compounding method using a co-rotating tightly intermeshed twin-screw extruder and the morphological, mechanical and flammability properties of the nanocomposites were investigated in details. The X-ray diffraction analysis and ele.