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The Lanthanides

The Lanthanides Book
Author : Richard Beatty
Publisher : Marshall Cavendish
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780761426875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduces the lanthanide elements, also known as the rare earth metals, discussing their physical and chemical properties, where they are found, and how they are used.

Chemistry Of Lanthanides And Actinides

Chemistry Of Lanthanides And Actinides Book
Author : G. Singh
Publisher : Discovery Publishing House
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9788183562416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has been designed to cover the syllabus of Inorganic Chemistry required for the B.Sc./B.Sc. Hons./M.Sc. students of the various Universities. I have compelled all the questions asked so far in different universities as well as C.C.S. University Meerut. I have arranged the subject matter in a continuous manner. Special emphasis has been laid on fundamental concept of the topics. Care has been taken to make the treatment of the subject simple and accessible to the average students. The gradation of the solved and unsolved questions has been facilitated from simple to difficult. It is believed that the book in the present form will be found to be useful by the student community and the teaching fraternity alike. Contents: Lanthanides (4f-Block Series), Fuels and Furnaces, Precipitation from Homogeneous Medium, Actinides (5F-Block Elements).

Systematics and the Properties of the Lanthanides

Systematics and the Properties of the Lanthanides Book
Author : Shyama P. Sinha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400971753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science is not a mere collection of facts. It is the correlation of facts, the interpretative synthesis of the available knowledge and its application that excite the imagination of a scientist. Even in these days of modern technology, the need for quick and accurate dissemination of new information and current concepts still exists. Conferences and Symposia offer one direct method of communication. The Summer Schools are another approach. The success of a Summer School is mainly due to that human factor and under standing that goes with it and allows for extensive and often time-unrestricted discussions. During the course of the past 20 years, one of the most in tensively studied groups of elements in the Periodic Table is the Lanthanides. In this period, we have increased our knowledge on these once exotic elements, which were once considered to be a part of a lean and hungry industry, many-fold due to the involve ment of scientists from various disciplines. The purpose of our Summer School was to bring a group of ex perts and participants together for the exchange of ideas and in formation in an informal setting and to promote interdisciplinary interactions. Out of many conceivable topics, we selected the following five as the main basis to broaden our knowledge and understanding I) Systematics 2) Structure 3) Electronic and Magnetic Proper ties 4) Spectroscopic Properties and 5) Lanthanide Geochemistry.

Lanthanides

Lanthanides Book
Author : Nasser Awwad,Ahmed Mubarak
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 1789850096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book Lanthanides is a collection of research chapters, offering an excellent review of recent applications in our lives. It consists of a number of interesting chapters by scientists and researchers from different parts of the world. The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is a short introduction that explains the nature and purpose of the book and the logic and significance of its contents. In the second chapter, Katarzyna Kiegiel et al. introduce novel apparatus solutions, for example membrane contactors in the extraction stage and different types of matrices (uranium ore, phosphorites, etc.). The third chapter by Dariusz Sala and Bogus?aw Bieda from AGH University of Science and Technology, Management Department, Poland, describes the development of the life cycle inventory to rare earth elements (REEs) based on secondary sources, conducted according to ISO 14040 (2006) guidelines. Chapter 4 concentrates on lanthanide soil chemistry and shows how the soil chemistry of REEs may support soil science investigations. Dmitry V. Ladonin in Chapter 5 studies the content of forms of lanthanides in soddy-calcareous soils at different distances from the Cherepovets steel mill (Vologda region, Russia). The author concludes that the individual properties of lanthanides are clearly manifested in their interaction with soil components. The largest part of the fraction, bound to organic matter, contains medium lanthanides, while the heavy lanthanides are bound to Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides. The last chapter discusses ecological and physiological impacts of lanthanides on algae as primary producers in aquatic environments. This book will definitely encourage readers, researchers, and scientists to look further into the frontier topics of lanthanides and opens new possible research paths for further novel development.

Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides

Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides Book
Author : Brian G. Wybourne,Lidia Smentek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-04-25
ISBN : 9781420006933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides: Magnetic and Hyperfine Interactions represents the sixth and final book by the late Brian Wybourne, an accomplished pioneer in the spectroscopy of rare earth ions, and Lidia Smentek, a leading theoretical physicist in the field. The book provides a definitive and up-to-date theoretical description of spectroscopic properties of lanthanides doped in various materials. The book integrates computer-assisted calculations developed since Wybourne’s classic publication on the topic. It contains useful MapleTM routines, discussions, and new aspects of the theory of f-electron systems. Establishing a unified basis for understanding state-of-the-art applications and techniques used in the field, the book reviews fundamentals based on Wybourne’s graduate lectures, which include the theory of nuclei, the theory of angular momentum, Racah algebra, and effective tensor operators. It then describes magnetic and hyperfine interactions and their impact on the energy structure and transition amplitudes of the lanthanide ions. The text culminates with a relativistic description of f↔f electric and magnetic dipole transitions, covering sensitized luminescence and a new parametrization scheme of f-spectra. Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides enables scientists to construct accurate and reliable theoretical models to elucidate lanthanides and their properties. This text is ideal for exploring a range of lanthanide applications including electronic data storage, lasers, superconductors, medicine, nuclear engineering, and nanomaterials.

Biochemistry of the Lanthanides

Biochemistry of the Lanthanides Book
Author : Christopher H. Evans
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1468487485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By a happy coincidence, the completion of this text coincided with the 200th anniversary of the discovery of gadolinite, the mineral with which the lanthanide story begins. For a group of elements which occur in only trace amounts biologically, and which have no known metabolic role, the lanthanides have spawned a surprisingly large biochemicalliterature. Se rious interest in the biochemical properties ofthese elements can be traced to concerns about the safety of radioactive lanthanides toward the end of World War 11. As recent events at Chernobyl indicate, this concern re mains topical. However, the literature on lanthanide biochemistry pre dates the atomic era, beginning with sporadic, medically motivated studies in the latter part of the 19th century. Much of the present biochemical activity involving the lanthanides centers around their ability to provide 2 important information on the interactions of Ca + with macromolecules and with eukafyotic cells. With the increasing industrial use of the lan thanides, their toxicological properties will need to be examined more closely. Rare earth pneumonoconiosis has already been identified as a disease produced by industrial exposure to lanthanides. Several of the biochemical properties of the lanthanides are of relevance to modern medicine. Already cerium-based ointments are used to treat burn wounds, while paramagnetic lanthanides find application in nuclear magnetic res onance imaging. This book is an attempt to collate and to present in reasonable detail existing knowledge of lanthanide biochemistry before the literature be comes unmanageable.

The Chemistry of the Lanthanides

The Chemistry of the Lanthanides Book
Author : Therald Moeller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483187632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 26: The Chemistry of the Lanthanides provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of the chemistry of lanthanides. This book discusses the electronic configurations and the consequences thereof of lanthanides. Organized into four chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the characterized state of oxidation of all the lanthanides both in solid compounds and in solutions in water and other solvents. This text then presents the data indicating an overall decrease from lanthanum to lutetium even though there is the expected increase in the sizes of atoms and derived terpositive ions in Group IIIA elements. Other chapters consider the differences between the lanthanide elements and the d-transition. This book discusses as well the types of lanthanide complexes. The final chapter deals with the estimated absolute abundances of the lanthanides in the cosmos as well as in the crust. This book is a valuable resource for inorganic chemists.

Lanthanides and Actinides in Molecular Magnetism

Lanthanides and Actinides in Molecular Magnetism Book
Author : Richard A. Layfield,Muralee Murugesu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 3527673490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first reference on this rapidly growing topic provides an essential up-to-date guide to current and emerging trends. A group of international experts has been carefully selected by the editors to cover all the central aspects, with a focus on molecular species while also including industrial applications. The resulting unique overview is a must-have for researchers, both in academia and industry, who are entering or already working in the field.

Introduction to Molecular Magnetism

Introduction to Molecular Magnetism Book
Author : Dante Gatteschi,Cristiano Benelli
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-22
ISBN : 3527335404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first introduction to the rapidly growing field of molecular magnetism is written with Masters and PhD students in mind, while postdocs and other newcomers will also find it an extremely useful guide. Adopting a clear didactic approach, the authors cover the fundamental concepts, providing many examples and give an overview of the most important techniques and key applications. Although the focus is one lanthanide ions, thus reflecting the current research in the field, the principles and the methods equally apply to other systems. The result is an excellent textbook from both a scientific and pedagogic point of view.

The 15 Lanthanides and the 15 Actinides

The 15 Lanthanides and the 15 Actinides Book
Author : Kristi Lew
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release : 2010-01-15
ISBN : 1435835573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduces the 15 Lanthanides and the 15 Actinides and teaches how these elements are connected, found, used, and structured.

Extraction Chromatography

Extraction Chromatography Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1975-06-01
ISBN : 9780080858029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extraction Chromatography

Lanthanide Luminescence

Lanthanide Luminescence Book
Author : Pekka Hänninen,Harri Härmä
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-21
ISBN : 9783642210235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lanthanides have fascinated scientists for more than two centuries now, and since efficient separation techniques were established roughly 50 years ago, they have increasingly found their way into industrial exploitation and our everyday lives. Numerous applications are based on their unique luminescent properties, which are highlighted in this volume. It presents established knowledge about the photophysical basics, relevant lanthanide probes or materials, and describes instrumentation-related aspects including chemical and physical sensors. The uses of lanthanides in bioanalysis and medicine are outlined, such as assays for in vitro diagnostics and research. All chapters were compiled by renowned scientists with a broad audience in mind, providing both beginners in the field and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on on the given subject.

Lanthanides in Organic Synthesis

Lanthanides in Organic Synthesis Book
Author : Tsuneo Imamoto
Publisher :
Release : 1994
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic synthesis with lanthanides has experienced enormous growth in the last ten years. Numerous synthetic reactions have been explored by the use of lanthanide reagents, and some of these have become indispensablein modern organic synthesis. This book describes the remarkable scope and potential of these reagents, addressing this rapidly growing area from a practical point-of-view. The author has summarized synthetically useful and novel organic transformations, emphasizing the characteristic properties of lanthanide reagents. These transformations are concisely and skillfully presented in many schemes and tables, with actual illustrative preparations. The coverage includes the use of lanthanide metals, the powerful divalent reagents such as samarium (II) iodide, the key trivalent reagents and their particular role as catalysts in selective reductions and cycloadditions, and the tetravalent lanthanides as oxidants. Describes the remarkable scope and potential of lanthanide reagents from a practical point-of-view Presents actual experimental procedures Provides a concise presentation of useful and novel organic transformations in table format

Lanthanides Tantalum and Niobium

Lanthanides  Tantalum and Niobium Book
Author : Peter Möller,Petr Cerny,Francis Saupe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-09
ISBN : 364287262X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rare Earth Elements (REE) as well as tantalum and niobium are of tremendous importance because of their specific high-technology applications. The contributions gathered in this volume give an up-to-date survey on the mineralogy, primary ore deposits, prospecting, processing and applications of REE, Ta, and Nd, making this volume a useful handbook for practitioners and students. Finally, the comprehensive coverage of the fundamental aspects, especially as regards REE as tracers of geological phenomena, will prove extremely helpful.