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Language Proof and Logic

Language  Proof  and Logic Book
Author : Dave Barker-Plummer,Jon Barwise,John Etchemendy
Publisher : Stanford Univ Center for the Study
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781575866321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rev. ed. of: Language, proof, and logic / Jon Barwise & John Etchemendy.

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference Book
Author : Gem Stapleton,John Howse,John Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-10
ISBN : 3540877290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagrams is an international and interdisciplinary conference series, covering all aspects of research on the theory and application of diagrams. Recent technological advances have enabled the large-scale adoption of d- grams in a diverse range of areas. Increasingly sophisticated visual represen- tions are emerging and, to enable e?ective communication, insight is required into how diagrams are used and when they are appropriate for use. The per- sive, everyday use of diagrams for communicating information and ideas serves to illustrate the importance of providing a sound understanding of the role that diagrams can, and do, play. Research in the ?eld of diagrams aims to improve our understanding of the role of diagrams, sketches and other visualizations in communication, computation, cognition, creative thought, and problem solving. These concerns have triggered a surge of interest in the study of diagrams. The study of diagrammatic communication as a whole must be pursued as an interdisciplinary endeavour.Diagrams 2008 was the ?fth event in this conf- ence series, which was launched in Edinburghduring September 2000.Diagrams attracts a large number of researchers from virtually all related ?elds, placing the conference as a major international event in the area. Diagrams is the only conference that provides a united forum for all areas that are concerned with the study of diagrams: for example, architecture, - ti?cial intelligence, cartography, cognitive science, computer science, education, graphicdesign,historyofscience,human-computerinteraction,linguistics,logic, mathematics,philosophy,psychology,andsoftwaremodelling.Weseeissuesfrom all of these ?elds discussed in the papers collected in the present volume.

Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II

Mathematical Problems from Applied Logic II Book
Author : Dov Gabbay,Sergei Goncharov,Michael Zakharyaschev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-28
ISBN : 0387692452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents contributions from world-renowned logicians, discussing important topics of logic from the point of view of their further development in light of requirements arising from successful application in Computer Science and AI language. Coverage includes: the logic of provability, computability theory applied to biology, psychology, physics, chemistry, economics, and other basic sciences; computability theory and computable models; logic and space-time geometry; hybrid systems; logic and region-based theory of space.

Logic A History of its Central Concepts

Logic  A History of its Central Concepts Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Francis Jeffry Pelletier,John Woods
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0080931707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of the History of Logic is a multi-volume research instrument that brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. It is the first work in English in which the history of logic is presented so extensively. The volumes are numerous and large. Authors have been given considerable latitude to produce chapters of a length, and a level of detail, that would lay fair claim on the ambitions of the project to be a definitive research work. Authors have been carefully selected with this aim in mind. They and the Editors join in the conviction that a knowledge of the history of logic is nothing but beneficial to the subject's present-day research programmes. One of the attractions of the Handbook's several volumes is the emphasis they give to the enduring relevance of developments in logic throughout the ages, including some of the earliest manifestations of the subject. Covers in depth the notion of logical consequence Discusses the central concept in logic of modality Includes the use of diagrams in logical reasoning

Logic Language Information and Computation

Logic  Language  Information  and Computation Book
Author : Jouko Väänänen,Åsa Hirvonen,Ruy de Queiroz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 3662529211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2016, held in Puebla, Mexico, in August 2016.The 23 contributed papers, presented together with 9 invited lectures and tutorials, were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. The focus of the workshop is to provide a forum on inter-disciplinary research involving formal logic, computing and programming theory, and natural language and reasoning.

Logic Language and Computation

Logic  Language  and Computation Book
Author : Nick Bezhanishvili,Sebastian Löbner,Kerstin Schwabe,Luca Spada
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 3642223028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information, this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2009, held in Bakuriani, Georgia, in September 2009. The 20 revised full papers included in the book were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous presentations given at the symposium. The focus of the papers is on the following topics: natural language syntax, semantics, and pragmatics; constructive, modal and algebraic logic; linguistic typology and semantic universals; logics for artificial intelligence; information retrieval, query answer systems; logic, games, and formal pragmatics; language evolution and learnability; computational social choice; historical linguistics, history of logic.

Logic Language and Method

Logic  Language  and Method Book
Author : Kuno Lorenz
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2010
ISBN : 311020312X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Papers from more than three decades reflect the development of thinkingover the dialogical framework that shapes verbal expression of comprehending experience and that has to be exhibited in responsible argumentations. With dialogical reconstructions of experience owing to the methodical constructivism of the Erlangen School it is possible to uncover the origin of many conceptual oppositions in traditional philosophical talk, like natural vs. artificial/cultural, subjective vs. objective, etc., and to solve philosophical riddles connected with them. "

Proof Language and Interaction

Proof  Language  and Interaction Book
Author : Robin Milner
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780262161886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of essays reflects the breadth of research in computer science. Following a biography of Robin Milner it contains sections on semantic foundations; programming logic; programming languages; concurrency; and mobility.

Proofs and Refutations

Proofs and Refutations Book
Author : Imre Lakatos,Lakatos Imre
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1976
ISBN : 9780521290388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proofs and Refutations is essential reading for all those interested in the methodology, the philosophy and the history of mathematics. Much of the book takes the form of a discussion between a teacher and his students. They propose various solutions to some mathematical problems and investigate the strengths and weaknesses of these solutions. Their discussion (which mirrors certain real developments in the history of mathematics) raises some philosophical problems and some problems about the nature of mathematical discovery or creativity. Imre Lakatos is concerned throughout to combat the classical picture of mathematical development as a steady accumulation of established truths. He shows that mathematics grows instead through a richer, more dramatic process of the successive improvement of creative hypotheses by attempts to 'prove' them and by criticism of these attempts: the logic of proofs and refutations.

Computer Science Logic

Computer Science Logic Book
Author : Jacques Duparc,European Association for Computer Science Logic. Conference
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-30
ISBN : 3540749144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Workshop on Computer Science Logic, CSL 2007, held as the 16th Annual Conference of the EACSL in Lausanne, Switzerland, in September 2007.The 36 revised full papers presented together with the abstracts of 6 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 116 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on logic and games, expressiveness, games and trees, logic and deduction, lambda calculus, finite model theory, linear logic, proof theory, and game semantics.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-08-31
ISBN : 9781402006654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

suchquestionsforcenturies(unrestrictedbythecapabilitiesofanyhard­ ware). Theprinciplesgoverningtheinteractionofseveralprocesses,forexample, areabstractansimilartoprinciplesgoverningthecooperationoftwolarge organisation.Adetailedrulebasedeffectivebutrigidbureaucracyisvery muchsimilartoacomplexcomputerprogramhandlingandmanipulating data. Myguessisthattheprinciplesunderlyingoneareverymuchthe sameasthoseunderlyingtheother. Ibelievethedayisnotfarawayinthefuturewhenthecomputerscientist willwakeuponemorningwiththerealisationthatheisactuallyakindof formalphilosopher! TheprojectednumberofvolumesforthisHandbookisabout18.The subjecthasevolvedanditsareashavebecomeinterrelatedtosuchanextent thatitnolongermakessensetodedicatevolumestotopics.However,the volumesdofollowsomenaturalgroupingsofchapters. Iwouldliketothankourauthorsarereadersfortheircontributionsand theircommitmentinmakingthisHandbookasuccess. Thanksalsoto ourpublicationadministratorMrsJ.Spurrforherusualdedicationand excellenceandtoKluwerAcademicPublishersfortheircontinuingsupport fortheHandbook. DovGabbay King'sCollegeLondon x Logic II IT Natural Program Artificialin­ Logic p- language controlspec­ telligence gramming processing ification, verification, concurrency Temporal Expressive Expressive Planning. Extension of logic poweroftense power for re­ Time depen­ Horn clause operators. currentevents. dent data. with time Temporal Specification Eventcalculus. capability. indices. Sepa­ of tempo- Persistence Eventcalculus. rationofpast ral control. throughtime­ Temporallogic fromfuture Decisionprob­ the Frame programming. Problem.Tem­ lems. Model checking. poral query language. temporal transactions. Modal logic. generalised Actionlogic Beliefrevision. Negation by Multi-modal quantifiers Inferential failure and logics databases modality Algorithmic Discourse rep­ New logics. Generaltheory Proceduralap­ proof resentation. Generic theo­ of reasoning. proachtologic Direct com- remprovers Non-monotonic putation on systems linguisticinput Non­ Resolving Loopchecking. Intrinsiclogical Negation by monotonic ambigui- Non-monotonic discipline for failure.Deduc­ reasoning ties. Machine decisionsabout AI. Evolving tivedatabases translation. loops. Faults and com­ Document insystems. municating classification. databases Relevance theory Probabilistic logicalanalysis Realtimesys­ Expert sys­ Semantics for and fuzzy oflanguage tems tems.Machine logicprograms logic learning Intuitionistic Quantifiers in Constructive Intuitionistic Horn clause logic logic reasoning and logicisabetter logic is really proof theory logical basis intuitionistic.

Classical Mathematical Logic

Classical Mathematical Logic Book
Author : Richard L. Epstein
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2011-12-18
ISBN : 1400841550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Classical Mathematical Logic, Richard L. Epstein relates the systems of mathematical logic to their original motivations to formalize reasoning in mathematics. The book also shows how mathematical logic can be used to formalize particular systems of mathematics. It sets out the formalization not only of arithmetic, but also of group theory, field theory, and linear orderings. These lead to the formalization of the real numbers and Euclidean plane geometry. The scope and limitations of modern logic are made clear in these formalizations. The book provides detailed explanations of all proofs and the insights behind the proofs, as well as detailed and nontrivial examples and problems. The book has more than 550 exercises. It can be used in advanced undergraduate or graduate courses and for self-study and reference. Classical Mathematical Logic presents a unified treatment of material that until now has been available only by consulting many different books and research articles, written with various notation systems and axiomatizations.

Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics

Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics Book
Author : Denis Bechet,Alexandre Dikovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-12
ISBN : 3642312624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information, this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics, LACL 2012, held in Nantes, France, in July 2012. The 15 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 24 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on logical foundation of syntactic formalisms, logics for semantics of lexical items, sentences, discourse and dialog, applications of these models to natural language processing, type theoretic, proof theoretic, model theoretic and other logically based formal methods for describing natural language syntax, semantics and pragmatics, as well as the implementation of natural language processing software relying on such methods.

Logical Syntax of Language

Logical Syntax of Language Book
Author : Rudolf Carnap
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-06-23
ISBN : 1317830598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Mathematical Logic

Mathematical Logic Book
Author : H.-D. Ebbinghaus,J. Flum,Wolfgang Thomas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-11-15
ISBN : 9780387942582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introduction to first-order logic clearly works out the role of first-order logic in the foundations of mathematics, particularly the two basic questions of the range of the axiomatic method and of theorem-proving by machines. It covers several advanced topics not commonly treated in introductory texts, such as Fraïssé's characterization of elementary equivalence, Lindström's theorem on the maximality of first-order logic, and the fundamentals of logic programming.

Deductive Logic

Deductive Logic Book
Author : Warren D. Goldfarb
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780872206601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides a straightforward, lively but rigorous, introduction to truth-functional and predicate logic, complete with lucid examples and incisive exercises, for which Warren Goldfarb is renowned.

Hybrid Logic and its Proof Theory

Hybrid Logic and its Proof Theory Book
Author : Torben Braüner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-17
ISBN : 9789400700024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book-length treatment of hybrid logic and its proof-theory. Hybrid logic is an extension of ordinary modal logic which allows explicit reference to individual points in a model (where the points represent times, possible worlds, states in a computer, or something else). This is useful for many applications, for example when reasoning about time one often wants to formulate a series of statements about what happens at specific times. There is little consensus about proof-theory for ordinary modal logic. Many modal-logical proof systems lack important properties and the relationships between proof systems for different modal logics are often unclear. In the present book we demonstrate that hybrid-logical proof-theory remedies these deficiencies by giving a spectrum of well-behaved proof systems (natural deduction, Gentzen, tableau, and axiom systems) for a spectrum of different hybrid logics (propositional, first-order, intensional first-order, and intuitionistic).

Logic Programming

Logic Programming Book
Author : Joxan Jaffar
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780262600316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, The Joint International Conference and Symposium on Logic Programming, sponsored by the Association for Logic Programming, includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, including theoretical foundations, constraints, concurrency and parallelism, deductive databases, language design and implementation, nonmonotonic reasoning, and logic programming and the Internet.