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Kola Superdeep Borehole

Kola Superdeep Borehole Book
Author : Joe Fletcher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 9780979532597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

drilling

The Superdeep Well of the Kola Peninsula

The Superdeep Well of the Kola Peninsula Book
Author : Yevgeny A. Kozlovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642711375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book is devoted to the study of the deep Earth's interior structure, one of the most important problems of Earth sciences today. The drilling of the Kola superdeep well inaugurated a new stage in the study of the Precambrian continental crust. The well was sunk in the northeastern part of the Baltic Shield, in an area where the Precambrian ore-bearing structures, typical of the ancient platform basements, are in juxtaposition with each other. To the present the well has been drilled to a depth of 12 km, has traversed the full thickness of the Proterozoic complex and a considerable part of the Archean stratum, and is still be ing worked on. This book reviews the principal results of investigations to a depth of 11,600 m; these are described in three sections: geology, geophysics, and drilling. The book begins with a general review of the history, the present state of knowledge, and trends of further investigations in the field of study of the Earth's interior and superdeep drilling. The first section of the book considers the geology of the vicinity of the Kola superdeep well and describes its geological section based on a detailed examination both of the cores and the near-borehole area.

Seismic Studies Around the Kola Superdeep Borehole Russia

Seismic Studies Around the Kola Superdeep Borehole  Russia Book
Author : Yuri Vladimirov Ganchine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Seismic Studies Around the Kola Superdeep Borehole Russia book written by Yuri Vladimirov Ganchine, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Impact of Human Activity on the Geological Environment EUROCK 2005

Impact of Human Activity on the Geological Environment EUROCK 2005 Book
Author : Pavel Konecny
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-05-12
ISBN : 9780415380423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work focuses on the impact of human activity on the geological environment and contains over 100 papers dealing with laboratory and field research investigations in geomechanics, geoengineering and mathematical modelling. Topics covered are grouped into eight main themes: response of the rock mass to human impact; slope stability; field research; laboratory research; stability of underground openings; mathematical modelling; stress measurements, and mineral and rock disintegration.

Applied Geothermics

Applied Geothermics Book
Author : Lev Eppelbaum,Izzy Kutasov,Arkady Pilchin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-29
ISBN : 3642340237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes origin and characteristics of the Earth’s thermal field, thermal flow propagation and some thermal phenomena in the Earth. Description of thermal properties of rocks and methods of thermal field measurements in boreholes, underground, at near-surface conditions enables to understand the principles of temperature field acquisition and geothermal model development. Processing and interpretation of geothermal data are shown on numerous field examples from different regions of the world. The book warps, for instance, such fields as analysis of thermal regime of the Earth’s crust, evolution and thermodynamic conditions of the magma-ocean and early Earth atmosphere, thermal properties of permafrost, thermal waters, geysers and mud volcanoes, methods of Curie discontinuity construction, quantitative interpretation of thermal anomalies, examination of some nonlinear effects, and integration of geothermal data with other geophysical methods. This book is intended for students and researchers in the field of Earth Sciences and Environment studying thermal processes in the Earth and in the subsurface. It will be useful for specialists applying thermal field analysis in petroleum, water and ore geophysics, environmental and ecological studies, archaeological prospection and climate of the past.

Super Deep Continental Drilling and Deep Geophysical Sounding

Super Deep Continental Drilling and Deep Geophysical Sounding Book
Author : Karl Fuchs,Yevgeny A. Kozlovsky,Anatoly I. Krivtsov,Mark D. Zoback
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642501435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The articles in this volume were selected from a series of reports delivered in the So viet Union at Yaroslavl during the International Seminar "Super-deep drilling and deep geophysical research", which was organized and held in August 1988 by the Ministry of Geology of the USSR, jointly with the Inter-Union Commission on the Lithosphere. One of the most important problems of modem geology, is the state and prospects of further development of deep continental structure investigations, was discussed at the seminar with the participation of 245 scientists and specialists from 19 countries. At the plenary and sectional meetings of the seminar, 83 reports were delivered, discussions on the most interesting problems were organized, the exchange of ideas between the leading scientists a round table took place in discussion. The distinctive feature of the present collection of articles is the wide scope of the investigation of the Earth's crust. The reports elucidate such subjects of world impor tance as (1) achievements in implementation of major scientific programs investi gating deep Earth structure and plans for their further materialization; (2) theoretical problems of carrying out geological-geophysical explorations and drilling operations; and (3) new approaches to the study of the Earth's interior. The results of deep inves tigations of individual countries and organizations are considered, and concrete tech nical elaboration, methods of work execution, etc. are discussed.

Lithosphere

Lithosphere Book
Author : Irina Artemieva
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 0521843960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multidisciplinary overview of lithospheric structure and evolution, based on a full set of geophysical methods, for researchers and advanced students.

Soviet Life

Soviet Life Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soviet Life book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

How Deep Is the Earth

How Deep Is the Earth   Book
Author : Su Jun Wei
Publisher : 台灣開放式課程發展協會
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How small is mankind to the earth? The average depth at the equator is about 6,378 kilometers, and humans′ general living space is about 10 meters below and 90 meters above, totaling a space within about 100 meters. Although humans have traveled all over the world, which even includes Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean (11.000m), and the moon, which is 384,400km away, but when it comes to the depths of the earth, humans have only explored a deepest of 12,263m. Compared to the radius of the earth (6378,000m), humans have only explored 0.19% of the earth! Are there other unknown creatures living under the ground? Is the underground full of gold and gems? Many mysteries are solved little by little in the excavation plan that humans are working hard to carry out. Now, follow our lead to explore this mysterious realm! To begin, let′s start from 2 meters underground...

Is Earth Really a Solid The Evidence Reexamined

Is Earth Really a Solid  The Evidence Reexamined Book
Author : Oliver Milatovic
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 024486568X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Is Earth Really a Solid The Evidence Reexamined book written by Oliver Milatovic, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Superdeep Well of the Kola Peninsula

The Superdeep Well of the Kola Peninsula Book
Author : Yevgeny A. Kozlovsky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-11-20
ISBN : 9783642711398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book is devoted to the study of the deep Earth's interior structure, one of the most important problems of Earth sciences today. The drilling of the Kola superdeep well inaugurated a new stage in the study of the Precambrian continental crust. The well was sunk in the northeastern part of the Baltic Shield, in an area where the Precambrian ore-bearing structures, typical of the ancient platform basements, are in juxtaposition with each other. To the present the well has been drilled to a depth of 12 km, has traversed the full thickness of the Proterozoic complex and a considerable part of the Archean stratum, and is still be ing worked on. This book reviews the principal results of investigations to a depth of 11,600 m; these are described in three sections: geology, geophysics, and drilling. The book begins with a general review of the history, the present state of knowledge, and trends of further investigations in the field of study of the Earth's interior and superdeep drilling. The first section of the book considers the geology of the vicinity of the Kola superdeep well and describes its geological section based on a detailed examination both of the cores and the near-borehole area.

Acta Geodynamica Et Geomaterialia

Acta Geodynamica Et Geomaterialia Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Acta Geodynamica Et Geomaterialia book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Earth Environments

Earth Environments Book
Author : David Huddart,Tim A. Stott
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 1119413257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive coverage of the whole Earth system throughout its entire existence and beyond Complete with a new introduction by the authors, this updated edition helps provide an understanding of the past, present, and future processes that occur on and in our Earth—the fascinating, yet potentially lethal, set of atmospheric, surface, and internal processes that interact to produce our living environment. It introduces students to our planet’s four key interdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, focusing on their key components, the interactions between them, and environmental change. The book also uses geological case studies throughout, in addition to the modern processes. Topics covered in the Second Edition of Earth Environments: Past, Present and Future include: an Earth systems model; components systems and processes; atmospheric systems; oceanography; surface and internal geological systems; biogeography; and aspects of Earth's record. The book also discusses the impact of climate and environmental change in a final chapter that draws together Earth's systems and their evolution, and looks ahead to potential future changes in Earth’s environments. Updated to include all the major developments since 2008 Features research boxes containing summaries based on recent key journal articles Includes a companion web site containing multiple choice revision quizzes for students, PowerPoint slides for lecturers, useful links, and more Presents further reading for each topic so that students can build their knowledge base to underpin their own undergraduate research project/dissertation Offers additional case studies in each chapter for enhanced reader understanding Earth Environments: Past, Present and Future is an excellent text for undergraduates in geosciences, environmental science, physical geography, natural hazards, and ecology.

The Structure of Earth

The Structure of Earth Book
Author : Laura McDonald
Publisher : Benchmark Education Company
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 1935472933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A look at our current understanding of Earth's structure.

Borehole Climatology

Borehole Climatology Book
Author : Louise Bodri,Vladimir Cermak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 9780080545950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate for the 21st century is expected to be considerably different from the present and recent past. Industrialization growth combined with the increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and massive deforestation are well above the values over the past several decades and are expected to further grow. Air temperature is rising rapidly well as does the weather variability producing frequent extreme events. Six of the ten warmest years occurred in the 1990s. Temperatures predicted for the 21st century ranges well above the present day value. The time period of the last 100-200 years covered by the direct meteorological observations is too short and does not provide material to reliably assess what may happen over the next hundred(s) years. A faithful prediction of the future requires understanding how climate system works, i.e. to reconstruct past climate much further in the past. Borehole paleoclimatology enables climate reconstruction of the past several millennia, unlike proxy methods provides direct past temperature assessment and can well broaden the areal range to the remote regions poorly covered with meteorological observations. Considerable debates have recently focused on the causes of the present-day warming, i.e. to distinguish between the natural and anthropogenic contribution to the observed temperature increase, eventually to quantify their regional distribution. Complex interpretation of borehole data with the proxies and additional socio-economic information can hopefully help. On observed data taken in various places all over the world we demonstrate suitable examples of the interaction between the subsurface temperature response to time changes in vegetation cover, land-use (farming) and urbanization. Precise temperature-time monitoring in shallow subsurface can further provide the magnitude of the present-day warming within relatively short time intervals. As far as we know, there exists so far no book dealing entirely with the subject of the Borehole climatology. Only relatively rarely this method is mentioned in otherwise plentiful literature on climate reconstruction or on climate modelling. There are, however, series of papers focussing on various borehole--climate related studies in numerous journals (e.g. Global and Planetary Change, Climate Change, Tectonophysics, Journal of Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letters, etc). Time to time a special issue appears to summarize papers on this topic presented during specialized symposia. Key Features - Description of a new useful alternative paleoclimate reconstruction method - A suitable source of information for those wishing to learn more about climate change - Material for lecturing and use in the classroom - Ample practical examples of borehole temperature inversions worldwide - Ample illustrations and reference list - Authors have a good knowledge of the problem based on more than 20 years of experience, one of them actually pioneered the method Description of a new useful alternative paleoclimate reconstruction method A suitable source of information for those wishing to learn more about climate change Material for lecturing and use in the classroom Ample practical examples of borehole temperature inversions worldwide Ample illustrations and reference list Authors have a good knowledge of the problem based on more than 20 years of experience, one of them actually pioneered the method

Precambrian Geology of the USSR

Precambrian Geology of the USSR Book
Author : D.V. Rundqvist,F.P. Mitrofanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1993-02-03
ISBN : 9780080869087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume draws together and generalises new geological, geochronological, petrological and geophysical material for the two fundamental continental geostructures within the USSR - ancient cratons and Phanerozoic fold belts. It provides a complete Precambrian history for each tectonic province or "geoblock", with emphasis on the early Precambrian as opposed to the late. The characteristics of lithological-structural complexes and their correlations are presented in detail. Analysis of the sedimentary, magmatic and metamorphic processes is provided, paying special attention to the sequence of their evolution and isotopic data. This work will be of interest to geologists concerned with the problems of structure and evolution of the Precambrian lithology.

Geology of Ore Deposits

Geology of Ore Deposits Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geology of Ore Deposits book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Critical Zones

Critical Zones Book
Author : Bruno Latour,Peter Weibel
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-10-13
ISBN : 0262044455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artists and writers portray the disorientation of a world facing climate change. This monumental volume, drawn from a 2020 exhibition at the ZKM Center for Art and Media, portrays the disorientation of life in world facing climate change. It traces this disorientation to the disconnection between two different definitions of the land on which modernizing humans live: the sovereign nation from which they derive their rights, and another one, hidden, from which they gain their wealth—the land they live on, and the land they live from. Charting the land they will inhabit, they find not a globe, not the iconic “blue marble,” but a series of critical zones—patchy, heterogenous, discontinuous. With short pieces, longer essays, and more than 500 illustrations, the contributors explore the new landscape on which it may be possible for humans to land—what it means to be “on Earth,” whether the critical zone, the Gaia, or the terrestrial. They consider geopolitical conflicts and tools redesigned for the new “geopolitics of life forms.” The “thought exhibition” described in this book can opens a fictional space to explore the new climate regime; the rest of the story is unknown. Contributors include Dipesh Chakrabarty, Pierre Charbonnier, Emanuele Coccia, Vinciane Despret, Jerôme Gaillarde, Donna Haraway, Joseph Leo Koerner, Timothy Lenton, Richard Powers, Simon Schaffer, Isabelle Stengers, Bronislaw Szerszynski, Jan A. Zalasiewicz, Siegfried Zielinski Copublished with ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe

Geostatistical and Geospatial Approaches for the Characterization of Natural Resources in the Environment

Geostatistical and Geospatial Approaches for the Characterization of Natural Resources in the Environment Book
Author : N. Janardhana Raju
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-30
ISBN : 3319186639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings of the IAMG 2014 conference in New Delhi explore the current state of the art and inform readers about the latest geostatistical and space-based technologies for assessment and management in the contexts of natural resource exploration, environmental pollution, hazards and natural disaster research. The proceedings cover 3D visualization, time-series analysis, environmental geochemistry, numerical solutions in hydrology and hydrogeology, geotechnical engineering, multivariate geostatistics, disaster management, fractal modeling, petroleum exploration, geoinformatics, sedimentary basin analysis, spatiotemporal modeling, digital rock geophysics, advanced mining assessment and glacial studies, and range from the laboratory to integrated field studies. Mathematics plays a key part in the crust, mantle, oceans and atmosphere, creating climates that cause natural disasters, and influencing fundamental aspects of life-supporting systems and many other geological processes affecting Planet Earth. As such, it is essential to understand the synergy between the classical geosciences and mathematics, which can provide the methodological tools needed to tackle complex problems in modern geosciences. The development of science and technology, transforming from a descriptive stage to a more quantitative stage, involves qualitative interpretations such as conceptual models that are complemented by quantification, e.g. numerical models, fast dynamic geologic models, deterministic and stochastic models. Due to the increasing complexity of the problems faced by today’s geoscientists, joint efforts to establish new conceptual and numerical models and develop new paradigms are called for.

A Study in Earth s Geological Evolution

A Study in Earth s Geological Evolution Book
Author : Nikolay O. Sorokhtin,Nikolay E. Kozlov,Viktor N. Glaznev,Eugeny V. Martynov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-25
ISBN : 1119651212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Like N. O. Sorokhtin’s most recent book, The Origins of Natural Diamonds, also available from Wiley-Scrivener at www.wiley.com, this is not just the story of the origin and evolution of the Baltic Shield, but a story about the evolution of the Earth’s geology in general. Important to geologists, geophysicists, and engineers across multiple disciplines, written by an expert in the field and an expert on the Earth’s geological evolution, this volume represents the state-of-the-art in major Earth geological processes. Of particular importance to mining engineers and petroleum engineers, it is also a practical guide for those who work in the mining or petroleum industry. Before presenting the most in-depth discussion of the Baltic Shield available and its implications for study by geologists and various industries such as the petroleum industry, the author presents a theory for how the Earth, as we know it, came into existence and developed. He bases this theory on scientific evidence and mathematical models, using this as a basis for further explanation of the Earth’s geological evolution. Valuable as either a learning tool for the student or as a reference or refresher for the veteran scientist or engineer, the author explains important geological processes, such as the Earth’s origin, composition, and structure, the Earth’s energy balance, continental drift, tectonic activity, the evolution of the Earth’s crust, and others. It is within this geological framework that the author offers practical guidance for engineers and scientists who work in industry or academia. It is a must-have for any geologist, geophysicist, or engineer working in mining or petroleum engineering.