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Kinetic Control In Synthesis And Self Assembly

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Kinetic Control in Synthesis and Self Assembly

Kinetic Control in Synthesis and Self Assembly Book
Author : Munenori Numata,Shiki Yagai,Toshiyuki Hamura
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 0128121270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Kinetic Control in Synthesis and Self-Assembly provides a unique overview of the fundamental principles, novel methods and practical applications for researchers across organic synthesis, supramolecular chemistry and materials sciences. The book examines naturally occurring molecular systems in which kinetic processes are more ubiquitous than thermodynamic processes, also exploring the control of reactions and molecular self-assemblies, through kinetic processes, in artificial systems. These methods currently play a crucial role for tuning materials functions. From organic synthesis, to supramolecular assemblies, and from restricted spaces, to material synthesis for hierarchical structures, the book offers valuable coverage for researchers across disciplines. Interesting topics include how to regulate kinetic pathways more precisely, essential molecular design for kinetic traps, and how molecular environments surrounding molecules (i.e., solvent, temperature, and pressure effects) influence kinetic control in reactions and self-assemblies. Describes the nature and potential applications of kinetic processes compared to thermodynamic processes Presents information useful to researchers active in molecular synthesis and self-assembly toward materials Collates coverage of kinetic control for synthesis and self-assembly, treated separately in literature

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles Book
Author : Shafigh Mehraeen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 1789239605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Top-down approaches are currently the main contributor of fabricating microelectronic devices. However, the prohibitive cost of numerous technological steps in these approaches is the main obstacle to further progress. Furthermore, a large number of applications necessitate fabrication of complex and ultra-small devices that cannot be made using these approaches. New approaches based on natural self-assembly of matter need to be developed to allow for fabrication of micro and nanoelectronic devices. Self-assembly of nanostructures is a dynamic field, which explores physics of these structures and new ways to fabricate them. However, the major problem is how to control the properties of the nanostructures resulting from low dimensionality. This book presents recent advances made to address this problem, and fabricate nanostructures using self-assembly.

Soft Hard And Hybrid Janus Structures Synthesis Self assembly And Applications

Soft  Hard  And Hybrid Janus Structures  Synthesis  Self assembly  And Applications Book
Author : Lin Zhiqun,Li Bo
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 1786343142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates recent progress in synthesis of soft, hard and hybrid Janus structures and looks at processing strategy, such as emulsion polymerization, microfluidics, co-jetting and seeded growth. Also reviewed are both the experimental and theoretical studies on the unique self-assembly behaviour of Janus particles. Janus particles are special types of nanoparticles whose surfaces have two or more distinct physical properties. These two hemistructures are of different composition and functionality, offering promising potential for application through the multiple combinations possible - areas in which Janus structures can be applied include drug delivery, magnetic biomarkers, bactericides, tailored plasmon resonance, photocatalysis and nanoengines. Encapsulating a wealth of research on Janus structures, this review of the literature is specifically designed to benefit graduate students and researchers in the fields of chemistry, materials science, engineering, biotechnology and applied physics, as well as practitioners in these industries.

Chemical Synthesis

Chemical Synthesis Book
Author : C. Chatgilialoglu,V. Snieckus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400902557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Synthesis: Gnosis to Prognosis (XTUllKtl ~uv8eoTr ana TT) rVWOT) OTT) npaYVWOT)) " . . . . other things being equal, that field has the most merit which contributes most heavily to, and illuminates most brightly, its neighbouring scientific disciplines[l] One hundred scientists, a blend of students, industrialists, and academics from twenty countries gathered to circumscribe, understand, and elaborate this topic in the magical setting of Ravello, Italy. The mandate of this workshop? To survey existing knowledge, assess current work, and discuss the future directions of chemical synthesis as it impinges on three exciting interdisciplinary themes of science in the 1990's: bioactive molecules, man-made chemical materials, and molecular recognition. This tempting but inexact menu summoned diverse students and scientists who wished to seriously reflect upon, dissect, and eject ideas and own experiences into open debate on this topic, which is at a crossroad in internal evolution and impact on the life and material sciences. The group arrived from many directions and in various forms of transportation, matters soon forgotten, when it found itself in the village which nurtured Wagner's inspiration and set to work immediately to ponder the question which has received extensive thought, prediction, and caveat from illustrious chemists over a period of time [2], two of which, to the delight of all, in presence among the Lectures.

Nanomaterials Synthesis

Nanomaterials Synthesis Book
Author : Yasir Beeran Pottathara,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Yves Grohens,Vanja Kokol
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-29
ISBN : 0128157526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials Synthesis: Design, Fabrication and Applications combines the present and emerging trends of synthesis routes of nanomaterials with the incorporation of various technologies. The book covers the new trends and challenges in the synthesis and surface engineering of a wide range of nanomaterials, including emerging technologies used for their synthesis. Significant properties, safety and sustainability and environmental impacts of the synthesis routes are explored. This book is an important information source that will help materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how different classes of nanomaterials are designed. Highlights recent developments in, and opportunities created by, new nanomaterials synthesis methods Explains major synthesis techniques for different types of nanomaterials Discusses the challenges of using a variety of synthesis methods

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry Book
Author : Rui Tamura,Mikiji Miyata
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 4431555552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the last decade, the topics of organic crystal chemistry have become diversified, and each topic has been substantially advanced in concert with the rapid development of various analytical and measurement techniques for solid-state organic materials. The aim of this book is to systematically summarize and record the recent notable advances in various topics of organic crystal chemistry involving liquid crystals and organic–inorganic hybrid materials that have been achieved mainly in the last 5 years or so. The authors are invited members of the Division of Organic Crystals, The Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ), and prominent invited experts from abroad. This edited volume is planned to be published periodically, at least every 5 years, with contributions by prominent authors in Japan and from abroad.

Nanoscience in Dermatology

Nanoscience in Dermatology Book
Author : Michael R. Hamblin,Pinar Avci,Tarl Prow
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-13
ISBN : 0128029455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscience in Dermatology covers one of the two fastest growing areas within dermatological science, nanoscience and nanotechnology in dermatology. Recently, great progress has been made in the research and development of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials related to various applications in medicine and, in general, the life sciences. There is increasing enthusiasm for nanotechnology applications in dermatology (drug delivery, diagnostics, therapeutics, imaging, sensors, etc.) for understanding skin biology, improving early detection and treatment of skin diseases, and in the design and optimization of cosmetics. Light sensitive nanoparticles have recently been explored, opening a new era for the combined applications of light with nanotechnology, also called photonanodermatology. However, concerns have been raised regarding the adverse effects of intentional and unintentional nanoparticle exposure and their toxicity. Written by experts working in these exciting fields, this book extensively covers nanotechnology applications, together with the fundamentals and toxicity aspects. It not only addresses current applications of nanotechnology, but also discusses future trends of these ever-growing and rapidly changing fields, providing scientists and dermatologists with a clear understanding of the advantages and challenges of nanotechnology in skin medicine. Provides knowledge of current and future applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology in dermatology Outlines the fundamentals, methods, toxicity aspects, and other relevant aspects for nanotechnology based applications in dermatology Coherently structured book written by experts working in the fields covered

Molecular Self Assembly

Molecular Self Assembly Book
Author : Alex Li Dequan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-20
ISBN : 9814316776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past several decades, molecular self-assembly has emerged as one of the main themes in chemistry, biology, and materials science. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in molecular assemblies ranging from self-organized peptide nanostructures and DNA-chromophore foldamers to supramolecular systems and metal-directed assemblies, even to nanocrystal superparticles and self-assembled microdevices

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry

Advances in Organic Crystal Chemistry Book
Author : Masami Sakamoto,Hidehiro Uekusa
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 9811550859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes and records the recent notable advances in diverse topics in organic crystal chemistry, which has made substantial progress along with the rapid development of a variety of analysis and measurement techniques for solid organic materials. This review book is one of the volumes that are published periodically on this theme. The previous volume, published in 2015, systematically summarized the remarkable progress in assorted topics of organic crystal chemistry using organic solids and organic–inorganic hybrid materials during the previous 5 years, and it has been widely read. The present volume also shows the progress of organic solid chemistry in the last 5 years, with contributions mainly by invited members of the Division of Organic Crystal Chemistry of the Chemical Society of Japan (CSJ), together with prominent invited authors from countries other than Japan.

Design and Synthesis of Terpyridine Based Metallo Supramolecular Architectures

Design and Synthesis of Terpyridine Based Metallo Supramolecular Architectures Book
Author : James M. Ludlow (III)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the field of metallo-supramolecular chemistry, the N-heteroaromatic ligand, [2,2':6',2"] terpyridine (tpy), has received considerable attention due in part to its ability to coordinate with a wide variety of transition metals; this has enabled a range of bonding strengths, properties, and molecular architectures. A variety of strategies have been employed with [tpy-M(II)-tpy] based architectures including the use of triangle-based frameworks, flexible ligands, and harnessing of additional non-covalent forces to enhance self-assembly. To achieve three-dimensional architectures, new strategies include use of meta-substitution, multi-planar vertices, flexible vertices, and by restricting the availability of planar conformations via precoordination or predesigned steric hindrance. There is also increasing focus on interconversions between supramolecular structures in response to reaction conditions and on their hierarchical self-assembly. Flexible, multitopic ligands can introduce new structural possibilities, allowing for intramolecular interactions and more adaptive systems to arise. When the semi-flexible 1,2-bis[4'-(4-ethynylphenyl)-2,2':6',2"-terpyridyl]-o-carborane is self-assembled under kinetic control, via formation of Fe(II) complexes, the main cyclic product is triangular (trimer). However, under thermodynamic control, using a labile transition metal, e.g. Zn(II), the cyclic trimer is in dynamic equilibrium with a cyclic dimer, and with adequate entropic driving force the cyclic dimer is obtained exclusively. The combination of flexible crown ethers possessing a trio of rigid, 60° ligands allows for the construction of a 3D structure (tetrahedron) under thermodynamic control. Formation of the tetrahedron is facilitated by intramolecular, pi-pi interactions. Structural confirmation utilized 1D and 2D NMR, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry coupled with travelling wave ion mobility (ESI-TWIM-MS). 19F NMR experiments support presence of guest host interactions between anions and the supramolecular cavity.One step synthesis of the first homoleptic [tpy-Os(II)-tpy] metallomacrocycle was reported and characterized via NMR, ESI-MS, TWIM-MS, and UV-vis alongside its Fe(II) and Ru(II) analogues. Gradient tandem-MS was used to derive center-of-mass collision energies and revealed unexpectedly that the order of stability of the [tpy-M(II)-tpy] complexes was M(II) = Ru > Os > Fe. Toward hierarchical ordering of supramolecular materials, the effect of molecular geometry and amphiphilicity on the ability of self-assembled metallosupramolecular macrocycles to self-order was studied. Conversion of [tpy-M(II)-tpy] macrocycles into directional amphiphiles enhanced ordering characteristics, enabling the formation of nanoscale structures.

Complex Macromolecular Architectures

Complex Macromolecular Architectures Book
Author : Nikos Hadjichristidis,Akira Hirao,Yasuyuki Tezuka,Filip Du Prez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-20
ISBN : 0470828277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of CMA (complex macromolecular architecture) stands at the cutting edge of materials science, and has been a locus of intense research activity in recent years. This book gives an extensive description of the synthesis, characterization, and self-assembly of recently-developed advanced architectural materials with a number of potential applications. The architectural polymers, including bio-conjugated hybrid polymers with poly(amino acid)s and gluco-polymers, star-branched and dendrimer-like hyperbranched polymers, cyclic polymers, dendrigraft polymers, rod-coil and helix-coil block copolymers, are introduced chapter by chapter in the book. In particular, the book also emphasizes the topic of synthetic breakthroughs by living/controlled polymerization since 2000. Furthermore, renowned authors contribute on special topics such as helical polyisocyanates, metallopolymers, stereospecific polymers, hydrogen-bonded supramolecular polymers, conjugated polymers, and polyrotaxanes, which have attracted considerable interest as novel polymer materials with potential future applications. In addition, recent advances in reactive blending achieved with well-defined end-functionalized polymers are discussed from an industrial point of view. Topics on polymer-based nanotechnologies, including self-assembled architectures and suprastructures, nano-structured materials and devices, nanofabrication, surface nanostructures, and their AFM imaging analysis of hetero-phased polymers are also included. Provides comprehensive coverage of recently developed advanced architectural materials Covers hot new areas such as o click chemistry o chain walking o polyhomologation o ADMET Edited by highly regarded scientists in the field Contains contributions from 26 leading experts from Europe, North America, and Asia Researchers in academia and industry specializing in polymer chemistry will find this book to be an ideal survey of the most recent advances in the area. The book is also suitable as supplementary reading for students enrolled in Polymer Synthetic Chemistry, Polymer Synthesis, Polymer Design, Advanced Polymer Chemistry, Soft Matter Science, and Materials Science courses. Color versions of selected figures can be found at www.wiley.com/go/hadjichristidis

From Non Covalent Assemblies to Molecular Machines

From Non Covalent Assemblies to Molecular Machines Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Sauvage,Pierre Gaspard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 3527633030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the Solvay conference, which gathers the leading scientists in the field, this monograph collects review articles from the six topics of the conference, while also including comments, discussions and debates obtained during the conference. The issues discussed at this landmark conference were: * Noncovalent Assemblies: Design and Synthesis * Template Synthesis of Catenanes and Rotaxanes * Molecular Machines Based on Catenanes and Rotaxanes * Molecular Machines Based on Non-Interlocking Molecules * Towards Molecular Logics and Artificial Photosynthesis * From Single Molecules to Practical Devices and the authors add their personal views on the future of each of their own research areas. Novel reading for organic, inorganic and polymer chemists, as well as materials scientists.

Chemistry of Nanocontainers

Chemistry of Nanocontainers Book
Author : Markus Albrecht,F. Ekkehardt Hahn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-06
ISBN : 3642280595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Cages and Capsules with Functionalized Inner Surfaces, by Stefan Kubik. Drug Delivery by Water-Soluble Organ metallic Cages, by Bruno Therrien. Reversibly Expanded Encapsulation Complexes, by Dariush Ajami und Julius Rebek. Container Molecules Based on Imine Type Ligands, by A. Carina Schulze und Iris M. Oppel. Molecular Capsules Derived from Resorcin[4]arenes by Metal-Coordination, by Tobias Schröder, Satya Narayan Sahu und Jochen Mattay. Coronates, Spherical Containers, Bowl-Shaped Surfaces, Porous 1D-, 2D-, 3D-Metallo-Coordination Polymers, and Metallodendrimers, by Rolf W. Saalfrank und Andreas Scheurer.

From Polyphenylenes to Nanographenes and Graphene Nanoribbons

From Polyphenylenes to Nanographenes and Graphene Nanoribbons Book
Author : Klaus Müllen,Xinliang Feng
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 3319641700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science.The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics.Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned.Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students

Nanolayer Research

Nanolayer Research Book
Author : Toyoko Imae
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-04
ISBN : 0444637478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanolayer Research: Methodology and Technology for Green Chemistry introduces the topic of nanolayer research and current methodology, from the basics, to specific applications for green science. Each chapter is written by a specialist in their specific research area, offering a deep coverage of the topic. Nanofilms are explained, along with their rapidly emerging applications in electronic devices for smart grids, units for cells, electrodes for batteries, and sensing systems for environmental purposes in applicable subjects. Readers will find this book useful not only as a textbook for basic knowledge, but also as a reference for practical research. Outlines basic principles of nanolayers Includes methodology and technology of nanolayers Contains numerous nanolayers applications

On Surface Synthesis

On Surface Synthesis Book
Author : André Gourdon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-14
ISBN : 3319266004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions by leading international experts, this book presents a detailed compilation of a new and very active field. It is the first book devoted to the covalent coupling of molecular precursors on surfaces that allows the preparation of 0D, 1D and 2D molecules that cannot be synthesized in solution. This book is aimed at students and researchers interested in nanochemistry and molecular devices and it gives the reader a pedagogical up-to-date vision of the most recent developments. The editor ensures a multidisciplinary approach involving molecular chemistry, surface sciences, surface spectroscopies, theory, scanning tunneling and non-contact atomic force microscopies.

Mass Spectrometry of Non Covalent Complexes

Mass Spectrometry of Non Covalent Complexes Book
Author : Christoph A. Schalley,Andreas Springer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-08
ISBN : 0470131152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the many benefits of applying mass spectrometry tosupramolecular chemistry Except as a method for the most basic measurements, massspectrometry (MS) has long been considered incompatible withsupramolecular chemistry. Yet, with today's methods, the disconnectbetween these two fields is not warranted. Mass Spectrometry andGas-Phase Chemistry of Non-Covalent Complexes provides aconvincing look at how modern MS techniques offer supramolecularchemists a powerful investigatory toolset. Bringing the two fields together in an interdisciplinary manner,this reference details the many different topics associated withthe study of non-covalent complexes in the gas phase. The textbegins with brief introductions to supramolecular chemistry andsuch relevant mass spectrometric methods as ionization techniques,analyzers, and tandem MS experiments. The coverage continueswith: How the analyte's transition into the gas phase changes covalentbonding How limitations and pitfalls in analytical methods may producedata misinterpretations Artificial supramolecular aggregates and their examination Biomolecules, their complexes, and their examination After the general remarks making up the first section of thebook, the following sections describe specific experimentalprocedures and are illustrated with numerous examples and shorttutorials. Detailed citations end each chapter. Massspectrometrists, supramolecular chemists, students in these fields,and interested readers from other disciplines involving the studyof non-covalent bonds will all value Mass Spectrometry andGas-Phase Chemistry of Non-Covalent Complexes as an innovativeand practical resource.

Mesoporous Silica

Mesoporous Silica Book
Author : Shunai Che
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 3110554852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mesoporous silica has large-scale industrial applications such as catalysis, drug delivery and bio/chemical absorptions. This book is devoted to all aspects and types of this material, focusing synthesis of mesoporous silica with anionic amphiphilic molecules. Characterization, properties, and applications are also discussed, making the book an essential reference for material scientists, chemists, and chemical Engineer.

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials

Advanced Hierarchical Nanostructured Materials Book
Author : Qiang Zhang,Fei Wei
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 3527333460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the recent developments and prospects in this highly topical area, covering the synthesis, characterization, properties and applications of hierarchical nanostructured materials. The book concentrates on those materials relevant for research and development in the fields of energy, biomedicine and environmental protection, with a strong focus on 3D materials based on nanocarbons, mesoporous silicates, hydroxides, core-shell particles and helical nanostructures. Thanks to its clear concept and application-oriented approach, this is an essential reference for experienced researchers and newcomers to the field alike.

Mesoporous Silica based Nanomaterials and Biomedical Applications

Mesoporous Silica based Nanomaterials and Biomedical Applications   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 0128155213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer Therapy and Diagnosis, Part A, Volume 43 in The Enzymes series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on Mesoporous silica nanoparticle synthesis, Periodic mesoporous organosilica, Nanovalves and other nanomachine-equipped nanoparticles and controlled release, Two-photon light control and photodynamic therapy, Biodegradable PMO nanoparticles, Cationic mesoporous silica and protein delivery, Drug loading, stimuli-responsive delivery and cancer treatment, Animal models and cancer therapy, siRNA delivery and TWIST shutdown for ovarian cancer treatment, and TBC (mesoporous silica nanoparticles and cancer therapy or biodistribution of MSN). Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in The Enzymes series Updated release includes the latest information on Cancer Therapy and Diagnosis