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Biomarkers of Kidney Disease

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease Book
Author : Charles L. Edelstein
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-08
ISBN : 0128030356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease, Second Edition, focuses on the basic and clinical research of biomarkers in common kidney diseases, detailing the characteristics of an ideal biomarker. The latest techniques for biomarker detection, including metabolomics and proteomics are covered in the book. This comprehensive book details the latest advances made in the field of biomarker research and development in kidney diseases. The book is an ideal companion for those interested in biomarker research and development, proteomics and metabolomics, kidney diseases, statistical analysis, transplantation, and preeclampsia. New chapters include biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in patients with CKD, biomarkers of Polycystic Kidney Disease, and biomarkers and the role of nanomedicine. Explores both the practical and conceptual steps performed in the discovery of biomarkers in kidney disease Presents a comprehensive account of newer biomarker discover strategies, such as metabolomics and proteomics, all illustrated by clear examples Offers clear translational presentations by the top basic and clinical researchers in each specific renal disease, including AKI, transplantation, cancer, CKD, PKD, diabetic nephropathy, preeclampsia, and glomerular disease

Kidney Biomarkers

Kidney Biomarkers Book
Author : Seema S. Ahuja,Brian Castillo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-31
ISBN : 0128159235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since laboratory testing and biomarkers are an integral part in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease, Kidney Biomarkers: Clinical Aspects and Laboratory Determination covers currently used biomarkers as well as markers that are in development. Laboratories are increasingly more involved in the follow-up confirmatory laboratory testing and this unique volume showcases the collaboration needed to solve diagnostic clinical puzzles between the laboratory and clinician. This volume provides guidance on laboratory test selection and results interpretation in patients. Sources of inaccurate results in the measurement of kidney biomarkers are discussed along with possibility of eliminating such interferences. Each chapter is organized with a uniform easy-to-follow format with insightful case examples highlighting the collaboration between clinical laboratorians and clinicians. Categorizes biomarkers into diagnostic markers, disease follow-up markers, and prognostic biomarkers Include case examples to show the collaboration between the clinical laboratorian and clinician Discusses the application of kidney biomarkers in clinical practice along with addressing laboratory aspects of kidney biomarker determination

Biomarkers in Disease Methods Discoveries and Applications

Biomarkers in Disease  Methods  Discoveries and Applications Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-08-18
ISBN : 9789400777002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomarkers in Disease Methods Discoveries and Applications book written by Vinood B. Patel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomarkers in Drug Development

Biomarkers in Drug Development Book
Author : Michael R. Bleavins,Claudio Carini,Mallé Jurima-Romet,Ramin Rahbari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1118210425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover how biomarkers can boost the success rate of drugdevelopment efforts As pharmaceutical companies struggle to improve the success rateand cost-effectiveness of the drug development process, biomarkershave emerged as a valuable tool. This book synthesizes and reviewsthe latest efforts to identify, develop, and integrate biomarkersas a key strategy in translational medicine and the drugdevelopment process. Filled with case studies, the bookdemonstrates how biomarkers can improve drug development timelines,lower costs, facilitate better compound selection, reducelate-stage attrition, and open the door to personalizedmedicine. Biomarkers in Drug Development is divided into eightparts: Part One offers an overview of biomarkers and their role in drugdevelopment. Part Two highlights important technologies to help researchersidentify new biomarkers. Part Three examines the characterization and validation processfor both drugs and diagnostics, and provides practical advice onappropriate statistical methods to ensure that biomarkers fulfilltheir intended purpose. Parts Four through Six examine the application of biomarkers indiscovery, preclinical safety assessment, clinical trials, andtranslational medicine. Part Seven focuses on lessons learned and the practical aspectsof implementing biomarkers in drug development programs. Part Eight explores future trends and issues, including dataintegration, personalized medicine, and ethical concerns. Each of the thirty-eight chapters was contributed by one or moreleading experts, including scientists from biotechnology andpharmaceutical firms, academia, and the U.S. Food and DrugAdministration. Their contributions offer pharmaceutical andclinical researchers the most up-to-date understanding of thestrategies used for and applications of biomarkers in drugdevelopment.

Biomarkers of Renal Diseases

Biomarkers of Renal Diseases Book
Author : Joaquín García-Estañ,Felix Vargas
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 3039439111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides important and updated information on current research devoted to urinary biomarkers. Urinary biomarkers are characteristics that can be objectively measured and evaluated as indicators of normal biological or pathogenic processes of pharmacological responses to therapeutic intervention.

Kidney Biomarkers

Kidney Biomarkers Book
Author : Seema S. Ahuja,Brian Castillo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-16
ISBN : 0128163747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since laboratory testing and biomarkers are an integral part in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease, Kidney Biomarkers: Clinical Aspects and Laboratory Determination covers currently used biomarkers as well as markers that are in development. Laboratories are increasingly more involved in the follow-up confirmatory laboratory testing and this unique volume showcases the collaboration needed to solve diagnostic clinical puzzles between the laboratory and clinician. This volume provides guidance on laboratory test selection and results interpretation in patients. Sources of inaccurate results in the measurement of kidney biomarkers are discussed along with possibility of eliminating such interferences. Each chapter is organized with a uniform easy-to-follow format with insightful case examples highlighting the collaboration between clinical laboratorians and clinicians. Categorizes biomarkers into diagnostic markers, disease follow-up markers, and prognostic biomarkers Include case examples to show the collaboration between the clinical laboratorian and clinician Discusses the application of kidney biomarkers in clinical practice along with addressing laboratory aspects of kidney biomarker determination

Acute Kidney Injury

Acute Kidney Injury Book
Author : Claudio Ronco,Rinaldo Bellomo,John A. Kellum
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 3805582714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Acute kidney injury is defined as an abrupt change in serum creatinine and/or urine output, and a majority of patients admitted to the ICU have some evidence of the disorder. Unfortunately, treatment for this complex syndrome is as yet lacking and understanding is limited. An interdisciplinary panel of experts has contributed to this volume, illuminating some of the fundamental and complex aspects of the disorder ranging from pathophysiology to treatment, from emerging biomarkers to genetic polymorphisms. Other contributions focus on immunological issues or the many complications of acute kidney injury and co-morbid conditions encountered, covering the fundamentals as well as the latest developments. Moreover, important technical aspects of extracorporeal therapies including vascular access, anticoagulation or fluid composition are introduced, and different approaches to renal support from intermittent dialysis to continuous therapies and hybrid techniques are discussed. A description of advanced extracorporeal techniques of organ support and their role in the management of sepsis and acute kidney injury in the context of an overall strategy of multi-organ failure management concludes the discussions. This volume not only provides a practical and up-to-date summary of current knowledge and technology, but also imparts a fundamental understanding of the pathogenesis and likely future developments in this field. It also serves to challenge and re-examine the fundamental underlying assumptions we hold regarding critical illness in general and acute kidney injury in particular.

ADQI Consensus on AKI Biomarkers and Cardiorenal Syndromes

ADQI Consensus on AKI Biomarkers and Cardiorenal Syndromes Book
Author : J.A. Kellum,P.A. McCullough,R.L. Mehta,P.T. Murray,C. Ronco
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2013-05-14
ISBN : 3318024074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Associated with both acute kidney injury (AKI) and cardio-renal syndromes (CRS), new biomarkers represent both a popular area of investigation and a new opportunity for advancement of therapy. This book contains the resolutions of the most recent ADQI conferences on biomarkers in AKI (Dublin) and on cardio-renal syndromes (Venice). The first part answers specific questions about new biomarkers and their use and utility in AKI: What are the most suitable candidate molecules and physiologic measures, how solid and evidence based is the discovery phase? How can we incorporate the new biomarkers in the AKI conceptual model describing the evolution from susceptibility to insult, decreased GFR and organ death? Even if we have a positive biomarker pattern and we can identify patients at risk or patients with early or even subclinical AKI, how is this information affecting our clinical behavior and practice? The second part is dedicated to the appraisal of the current knowledge about the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in different forms of CRS: it contains contributions on the state-of-the-art knowledge and practice of CRS, particularly focusing on the pathophysiology of the five subtypes. Acute and chronic mechanisms of damage are explored in depth, with particular attention to the primacy of organ involvement and the subsequent pathways of organ crosstalk.Presenting the most recent research in the field of biomarkers, AKI and CRS, this publication is an important educational tool for advanced investigators and clinical experts, but also for students and fellows.

Acute Kidney Injury Basic Research and Clinical Practice

Acute Kidney Injury   Basic Research and Clinical Practice Book
Author : X. Ding,M.H. Rosner,C. Ronco
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2018-01-23
ISBN : 3318063118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a complex syndrome that is prevalent among hospitalized patients. In recent years, occurrence of AKI events has risen due to a growing susceptibility of fragile and elderly subjects and an increase in the use of complex procedures such as cardiovascular surgery and imaging techniques. Exposure to potentially nephrotoxic drugs, such as new chemotherapeutic agents, is also proving to be a cause of AKI. This book summarizes recent advances in various settings. A reappraisal of current definitions and staging classifications for AKI in the literature is followed by a description of new criteria for identifying patients at risk and characterizing early kidney damage by using biomarkers. Other important topics include the sequelae of AKI and AKI in special populations such as children, the elderly, and those with cancer. The effects of AKI and its consequences on healthcare expenditures are also addressed from several perspectives. AKI management requires the cooperation of different specialists to optimize outcomes. This book is thus a perfect tool not only for nephrologists, but for every specialist involved in the complicated endeavor of improving patient care.

Biomarkers in Renal Disease

Biomarkers in Renal Disease Book
Author : Mitchell H. Rosner
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604561135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in long-term improvement and outcomes of patients with kidney disease will require the use of novel biomarkers to identify patients at high risk for kidney disease and to diagnose kidney disease early for effective treatment. A biomarker is a substance found in the blood, body fluids or tissues that provides a measure of normal biological or pathological processes or response to pharmacological compounds or drugs. There are a wide variety of biomarkers including but not limited to mRNA, proteins and peptides, and lipid molecules. In AKI, important pathophysiological processes such as inflammation, apoptotic and necrotic cell death and, tubule regeneration may be reflected in blood or urine. An array of candidate markers along with clinical information in long-term clinical studies with appropriate analytical methodologies will likely provide prognostic information. Despite well-known limitations, currently the most widely used biomarkers for the early diagnosis of CKD and AKI are proteinuria, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Most clinicians are aware that serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen are poor biomarkers due to inherent characteristics of these molecules and handling by the kidney. Creatinine is secreted and urea nitrogen is reabsorbed by the renal tubules. Many endogenous substances interfere in the assay for creatinine. Serum creatinine and urea appear late after acute kidney injury and the serum levels in part depend on the generation (large or small body mass). Acute kidney injury is a non steady state condition thus serum creatinine and urea nitrogen will lag behind kidney injury. For these reasons new biomarkers are imperative. With knowledge of these limitations in use of current biomarkers and the lack of progress in reducing the mortality and morbidity from kidney disease, there has been a great surge of interest in identifying novel biomarkers with a particular emphasis on the early diagnosis of kidney disease. A variety of methods have been employed including transcriptomics, proteomics, gene arrays and lipidomics. Currently, candidate biomarkers have been found in different disorders and have been tested in humans and many candidate biomarkers have yet to be identified. Most studies to date are preliminary and require validation in large multicentre studies followed by commercial assay development validation and testing. This new book outlines the rapid advances made in the field of biomarker development for kidney disease in which a variety of novel molecules have been identified and studied in humans.

Biomarkers

Biomarkers Book
Author : Vishal S. Vaidya,Joseph V. Bonventre
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-10-28
ISBN : 9780470918555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the field of biomarkers, how they have been and can be used, and how different approaches can be used to identify, characterize, and monitor biomarkers. The book has chapters on topics including HIV, Cancer, Parkinson’s, vascular injury, environmental exposure. A following section discusses the technologies (diagnostics and assays) to detect biomarkers and authors have emphasized the preclinical and clinical manifestation of the injury/disease process.

Nephrology and Public Health Worldwide

Nephrology and Public Health Worldwide Book
Author : Geraldo B. Silva Junior,Alejandro Ferreiro Fuentes,Masaomi Nangaku,Giuseppe Remuzzi,Claudio Ronco
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2021
ISBN : 331806937X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Kidney disease is frequently described as a public health problem. This book will unpack what we mean by "public health" and by "taking a public health approach." We will consider the global burden of kidney diseases and their determinants, with a focus on chronic kidney disease"--

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease

Biomarkers of Kidney Disease Book
Author : Charles L. Edelstein
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-10-27
ISBN : 9780123756732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A biomarker is a molecule that is measured as a marker of normal biological processes, disease processes or the response to a diagnostic or therapeutic intervention. Kidney diseases like acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy, glomerular disease, renal cancer and preeclampsia still have a high morbidity. Measurement of biomarkers in the blood or urine that detect patients at risk of kidney diseases or that detect kidney diseases in the earliest stage may ultimately result in preventative or earlier or more effective treatments for kidney diseases. Biomarkers of Kidney Disease reviews the basic and clinical research on biomarkers of the common kidney diseases including acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, renal cancer, diabetic nephropathy, glomerular disease and preeclampsia. The characteristics of an ideal biomarker of kidney diseases and statistical analysis of biomarker studies is detailed. The latest techniques for biomarker detection like metabolomics and proteomics is covered in the book. This comprehensive book details the latest advances made in the field of biomarker research and development in kidney diseases. The book is an ideal companion for those interested in biomarker research and development, proteomics and metabolomics, kidney diseases, statistical analysis, transplantation and preeclampsia. Presents a comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of renal biomarkers in one reference work Experts in renal disease biomarkers (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and molecular mechanism) to new therapeutic approaches

Controversies in Acute Kidney Injury

Controversies in Acute Kidney Injury Book
Author : John A. Kellum,C. Ronco,J. L. Vincent
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2011
ISBN : 3805598106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A timely update Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious and as yet incompletely understood disorder in which sudden impairment of kidney function occurs secondary to one or more of a variety of underlying conditions. This disorder is very common in (elderly) ICU patients and is associated with very high mortality. Many of those who survive suffer from permanent kidney failure and other long-term morbidities, which may include cardiovascular disease and immune dysfunction. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that AKI is not a single disease, but a syndrome comprised of multiple, often coexisting, etiologies. Being usually part of multiorgan failure syndrome, it calls for multiple organ support therapy. The publication at hand contains sections on prerenal azotemia syndromes, dying of' or with' AKI, pathophysiology of sepsis- induced acute kidney injury, developments in prevention / treatment / rehabilitation, and renal support. Reporting the latest recommendations from experts, it provides valuable information for those that are interested in understanding the disorder and its treatment options.

Advances in Nephropathy

Advances in Nephropathy Book
Author : Thomas Rath
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 1789842352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a world-wide known disease affecting up to 4% of the population with increasing figures in developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population and only a minority of patients reach end stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In nine chapters, this book focuses on different aspects related to the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into new and old biomarkers, allowing us to increase diagnostic and prognostic meaningfulness. In addition, chapters deal with new developments in glomerulopathies, but also aspects of the "tubulocentric" shift will be beneficial for the open-minded reader. Nevertheless, new insights into chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) are provided.

Biomarkers

Biomarkers Book
Author : Vishal S. Vaidya,Joseph V. Bonventre
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-10-05
ISBN : 0470452242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the field of biomarkers, how they have been and can be used, and how different approaches can be used to identify, characterize, and monitor biomarkers. The book has chapters on topics including HIV, Cancer, Parkinson’s, vascular injury, environmental exposure. A following section discusses the technologies (diagnostics and assays) to detect biomarkers and authors have emphasized the preclinical and clinical manifestation of the injury/disease process.

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Carini,Mark Fidock,Alain van Gool
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 0429576730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The field of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine in drug development is rapidly evolving and this book presents a snapshot of exciting new approaches. By presenting a wide range of biomarker applications, discussed by knowledgeable and experienced scientists, readers will develop an appreciation of the scope and breadth of biomarker knowledge and find examples that will help them in their own work." -Maria Freire, Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine provides comprehensive insights into biomarker discovery and development which has driven the new era of Precision Medicine. A wide variety of renowned experts from government, academia, teaching hospitals, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies share best practices, examples and exciting new developments. The handbook aims to provide in-depth knowledge to research scientists, students and decision makers engaged in Biomarker and Precision Medicine-centric drug development. Features: Detailed insights into biomarker discovery, validation and diagnostic development with implementation strategies Lessons-learned from successful Precision Medicine case studies A variety of exciting and emerging biomarker technologies The next frontiers and future challenges of biomarkers in Precision Medicine Claudio Carini, Mark Fidock and Alain van Gool are internationally recognized as scientific leaders in Biomarkers and Precision Medicine. They have worked for decades in academia and pharmaceutical industry in EU, USA and Asia. Currently, Dr. Carini is Honorary Faculty at Kings’s College School of Medicine, London, UK. Dr. Fidock is Vice President of Precision Medicine Laboratories at AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK. Prof.dr. van Gool is Head Translational Metabolic Laboratory at Radboud university medical school, Nijmegen, NL.

Clinical Practice Guidelines For Chronic Kidney Disease

Clinical Practice Guidelines For Chronic Kidney Disease  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Clinical Practice Guidelines For Chronic Kidney Disease book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomarkers in Toxicology

Biomarkers in Toxicology Book
Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 0128146567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomarkers in Toxicology, Second Edition, is a timely and comprehensive reference dedicated to all aspects of biomarkers that relate to chemical exposure and their effects on biological systems. This revised and completely updated edition includes both vertebrate and non-vertebrate species models for toxicological testing and the development of biomarkers. Divided into several key sections, this reference volume contains new chapters devoted to topics in microplastics, neuroimmunotoxicity and nutraceuticals, along with a look at the latest cutting-edge technologies used to detect biomarkers. Each chapter contains several references to current literature and important resources for further reading. Given this comprehensive treatment, this book is an essential reference for anyone interested in biomarkers across the scientific and biomedical fields. Evaluates the expansive literature, providing one resource covering all aspects of toxicology biomarkers Includes completely revised chapters, along with additional chapters on the newest developments in the field Identifies and discusses the most sensitive, accurate, unique and validated biomarkers used as indicators of exposure Covers special topics and applications of biomarkers, including chapters on molecular toxicology biomarkers, biomarker analysis for nanotoxicology, development of biomarkers for drug efficacy evaluation, and much more

Kidney

Kidney Book
Author : Sang Geon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-09-11
ISBN : 1466588128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the gap between advances in basic biology and chemistry and technological applications in the field of toxicity assessments, this book describes major areas of progress in the laboratory and clinic. In the first section, aspects of cellular organelles are discussed. The second section covers the basic principles and applications of modern toxicological tools such as transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic approaches. In the third section, the recent developments on molecular modeling and systems biology are described with an eye on the future establishment of virtual cell technology. Finally, the book discusses clinical implications of acute and chronic renal toxicity.