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Juvenile Osteology

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Juvenile Osteology

Juvenile Osteology Book
Author : Louise Scheuer,Sue Black,Maureen C. Schaefer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-28
ISBN : 9780080878188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The need for a laboratory and field manual to assist with the evaluation of juvenile skeletal material is long overdue. This resource is essential for the practising osteoarchaeologist and forensic anthropologist who requires a quick, reliable and easy-to-use reference to aid in the identification, siding and aging of juvenile osseous material. While excellent reference books on juvenile osteology are currently available, no pre-existing source adequately fills this particular niche in the market. This field manual is designed with practicality as its primary directive. Descriptions of each bone contain 1) morphological characteristics useful for identification, 2) other elements with which the bone may be confused, 2) tips for siding, 3) illustrations of varying developmental phases, 4) data useful for ageing, and 5) a summary of developmental timings. Concise, bullet-style descriptions assist with quick retrieval of information. Unique to this manual is the presentation of data collected from a variety of populations, utilizing a range of observational methods, as an alternative to providing one overall aging summary that is derived from a compilation of many individual sources. This manual provides a host of data on a variety of populations to enable the user to select the reference most applicable to their needs. The final chapter combines information from each bone to provide a summary of developmental changes occurring at different life stages to act as an immediate 'ready reckoner' for the knowledgeable practitioner. It also provides forms useful for documenting juvenile material and diagrams to help with the recognition of commingled juvenile remains. The manual is a must for anyone responsible for the evaluation of juvenile osseous material through dry bone assessment, radiographs, sonograms, and or CT scans. *Identifies every component of the developing skeleton *Provides detailed analysis of juvenile skeletal remains and the development of bone as a tissue *Summarizes key morphological stages in the development of every bone *Provides data on a variety of populations to enable the user to select the reference most applicable to their needs *Focuses on practicality, with direct, bullet style descriptions *Provides forms for documenting juvenile material *Provides diagrams to help with the recognition of commingled juvenile remains *Final chapter provides summary of developmental changes occurring at different life stages to act as an immediate 'ready reckoner' for the practitioner

Developmental Juvenile Osteology

Developmental Juvenile Osteology Book
Author : Craig Cunningham,Louise Scheuer,Sue Black
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-26
ISBN : 012382107X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developmental Juvenile Osteology was created as a core reference text to document the development of the entire human skeleton from early embryonic life to adulthood. In the period since its first publication there has been a resurgence of interest in the developing skeleton, and the second edition of Developmental Juvenile Osteology incorporates much of the key literature that has been published in the intervening time. The main core of the text persists by describing each individual component of the human skeleton from its embryological origin through to its final adult form. This systematic approach has been shown to assist the processes of both identification and age estimation and acts as a core source for the basic understanding of normal human skeletal development. In addition to this core, new sections have been added where there have been significant advances in the field. Identifies every component of the juvenile skeleton, by providing a detailed analysis of development and ageing and a detailed description of each bone in four ways: adult bone, early development, ossification and practical notes New chapters and updated sections covering the dentition, age estimation in the living and bone histology An updated bibliography documenting the research literature that has contributed to the field over the past 15 years since the publication of the first edition Heavily illustrated, including new additions

The Juvenile Skeleton

The Juvenile Skeleton Book
Author : Louise Scheuer,Sue Black
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-04-02
ISBN : 9780080474595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification of even the smallest human fetal bone can be vital to the success of a criminal investigation or to the identification of the deceased. This book examines every bone in the human body from its earliest embryological stage through to maturity and is profusely illustrated with superb bone drawings at every stage of development. The ability to identify every component of the developing skeleton is of core relevance not only to the forensic profession but also to clinicians, skeletal biologists and physical anthropologists. Identifies every component of the developing skeleton Provides detailed analysis of juvenile skeletal remains and the development of bone as a tissue Summarizes key morphological stages in the development of every bone

The Osteology of Infants and Children

The Osteology of Infants and Children Book
Author : Brenda J. Baker,Tosha L. Dupras,Matthew W. Tocheri
Publisher : Texas A&M University Press
Release : 2005-07-27
ISBN : 1603446184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most archaeologists and bioarchaeologists receive little or no training in the recognition of skeletal remains of fetuses, infants, and children. Yet many research sites may contain such materials. Without a framework for identifying the bones or the excavation techniques suited to their recovery, archaeologists may often overlook subadult skeletal remains or even confuse them with animal bones. The Osteology of Infants and Children fills the need for a field and lab manual on this important topic and provides a supplemental textbook for human osteology courses. Focusing on juvenile skeletons, their recovery and identification, and siding in both field and lab settings, the volume provides basic descriptions and careful illustrations of each skeletal element at varying stages of development, along with sections on differentiation from other bones and siding tips. The book offers detailed treatment of the skull and teeth, including the cranial vault and facial bones, and examines the infracranial skeleton: vertebrae, pelvis, chest, shoulders, arms, hands, legs, and feet. A quick reference guide explains age estimation and identification templates. The illustrations are enhanced by photographs from two recent archaeology projects in Egypt, at Abydos and Dakhleh Oasis. The extensive collection of fetal and child remains from these sites provides new reference material unavailable in previous publications, making this manual an unparalleled resource in the field of physical anthropology.

Human Osteology and Skeletal Radiology

Human Osteology and Skeletal Radiology Book
Author : Evan W. Matshes,Bernard Juurlink
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-11-29
ISBN : 0203492145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Osteology and Skeletal Radiology: An Atlas and Guide features nearly 700 photographs, line drawings, and radiographs demonstrating individual bones, or collections of bones, from both a distant perspective and more detailed angles. This atlas of skeletal anatomy covers general and specific anatomic terms, includes comparative images of bones

Comparative Osteology

Comparative Osteology Book
Author : Bradley Adams,Pam Crabtree
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-08-12
ISBN : 0123884403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the forensic context it is quite common for nonhuman bones to be confused with human remains and end up in the medical examiner or coroner system. It is also quite common for skeletal remains (both human and nonhuman) to be discovered in archaeological contexts. While the difference between human and nonhuman bones is often very striking, it can also be quite subtle. Fragmentation only compounds the problem. The ability to differentiate between human and nonhuman bones is dependent on the training of the analyst and the available reference and/or comparative material. Comparative Osteology is a photographic atlas of common North American animal bones designed for use as a laboratory and field guide by the forensic scientist or archaeologist. The intent of the guide is not to be inclusive of all animals, but rather to present some of the most common species which also have the highest likelihood of being potentially confused with human remains. An affordably priced, compact laboratory/field manual, comparing human and nonhuman bones Contains almost 600 high-quality black and white images and diagrams, including inch and centimeter scales with each photograph Written by the foremost forensic scientists with decades of experience in the laboratory and as expert witnesses An additional Companion Web site hosts images from the volume the reader can magnify and zoom into to see specific landmarks and features on bones http://booksite.academicpress.com/9780123884374

Human Osteology

Human Osteology Book
Author : Tim D. White,Michael T. Black,Pieter A. Folkens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-01-21
ISBN : 9780080920856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A classic in its field, Human Osteology has been used by students and professionals through nearly two decades. Now revised and updated for a third edition, the book continues to build on its foundation of detailed photographs and practical real-world application of science. New information, expanded coverage of existing chapters, and additional supportive photographs keep this book current and valuable for both classroom and field work. Osteologists, archaeologists, anatomists, forensic scientists and paleontologists will all find practical information on accurately identifying, recovering, and analyzing and reporting on human skeletal remains and on making correct deductions from those remains. From the world renowned and bestselling team of osteologist Tim D. White, Michael T. Black and photographer Pieter A. Folkens Includes hundreds of exceptional photographs in exquisite detail showing the maximum amount of anatomical information Features updated and expanded coverage including forensic damage to bone and updated case study examples Presents life sized images of skeletal parts for ease of study and reference

Human Osteology

Human Osteology Book
Author : Margaret Cox,Simon Mays
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-01-04
ISBN : 9780521691468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This advanced textbook provides the reader with an up-to-date account of recent developments and future potential in the study of human skeletons from both an archaeological and forensic context. It is well-illustrated, comprehensive in its coverage and is divided into six sections for ease of reference, encompassing such areas as palaeodemography, juvenile health and growth, disease and trauma, normal skeletal variation, biochemical and microscopic analyses and facial reconstruction. Each chapter is written by a recognised specialist in the field, and includes in-depth discussion of the reliability of methods, with appropriate references, and current and future research directions. It is essential reading for all students undertaking osteology as part of their studies and will also prove a valuable reference for forensic scientists, both in the field and the laboratory.

Osteoarchaeology

Osteoarchaeology Book
Author : Efthymia Nikita
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-22
ISBN : 0128040971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osteoarchaeology: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains covers the identification of bones and teeth, taphonomy, sex, ancestry assessment, age estimation, the analysis of biodistances, growth patterns and activity markers, and paleopathology. The book aims to familiarize the reader with the main applications of osteoarchaeology and provide the necessary knowledge required for the implementation of a broad range of osteological methods. It is ideal as a complement to existing textbooks used in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses on osteoarchaeology, human osteology, and, to some extent, forensic anthropology. Pedagogical features include ample illustrations, case study material, revision exercises, and a glossary. Additional features comprise macros that facilitate data processing and analysis, as well as an extensive chapter on applied statistics. Contains coverage of nearly every aspect of human osteological macroscopic analysis Presents detailed descriptions of the application of different methods Includes a variety of online resources, including macros designed by the author for the calculation of the number of individuals in commingled assemblages, processing cranial landmarks and nonmetric traits, and more

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Sue Black,Eilidh Ferguson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-07
ISBN : 9781439845899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in our ability to analyse information from skeletal remains and subsequent developments in the field of forensic anthropology make it possible to identify more victims of homicides, mass-fatality disasters, and genocide. Summarizing the vast collection of international literature that has developed over the past decade, Forensic Anthropolo

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology Book
Author : Jane E Buikstra,Lane A Beck
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-03-02
ISBN : 1315432919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The core subject matter of bioarchaeology is the lives of past peoples, interpreted anthropologically. Human remains, contextualized archaeologically and historically, form the unit of study. Integrative and frequently inter-disciplinary, bioarchaeology draws methods and theoretical perspectives from across the sciences and the humanities. Bioarchaeology: The Contextual Study of Human Remains focuses upon the contemporary practice of bioarchaeology in North American contexts, its accomplishments and challenges. Appendixes, a glossary and 150 page bibliography make the volume extremely useful for research and teaching.

Paleopathology of Children

Paleopathology of Children Book
Author : Mary Lewis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-26
ISBN : 0124104398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Palaeopathology of Children: Identification of Pathological Conditions in the Human Skeletal Remains of Non-Adults provides archaeological examples of pathological child remains with varying degrees of disease manifestation, and where possible, presents illustrations of individually affected bones to help with identification. The structure and inclusion of photographs and summary diagnostic tables make this suitable for use as a textbook. Each chapter includes a table of international archaeological cases collated by the author from published and unpublished literature. Child skeletal remains come in a variety of different sizes, with bones appearing and fusing at different times during growth. Identifying pathology in such unfamiliar bones can be a challenge, and we often rely on photographs of clinical radiographs or intact anatomical specimens to try and interpret the lesions we see in archaeological material. These are usually the most extreme examples of the disease, and do not account for the wide degree of variation we may see in skeletal remains. Provides a comprehensive review of the types of pathological conditions identified in non-adult skeletal remains Contains chapters that tackle a particular disease classification Features for each condition are described and illustrated to aid in the identification

The Bone Book

The Bone Book Book
Author : Robert W. Mann
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 0398091633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This manual is the culmination of more than 35 years of skeletal analysis, teaching forensic anthropology and conducting skeletal research at universities and museums in the U.S., Asia, Pacific, Africa, and Europe. While there are many illustrated human osteology and anatomy books available to students and professionals, there is none that approaches the topic of identifying and siding human bones quite like The Bone Book, with its large, annotated color photographs and easy-to-follow steps. Designed for use in either the lab or the field, the book covers the material from top to bottom—from cranium to metatarsals and phalanges—with the help of more than 400 vivid, full-color photographs, clearly annotated to highlight key features. Complex bones, such as the cranium, are shown in multiple photos (including several “exploded” or disarticulated skulls, showing how the complex bones fit together). In addition to the photos, the book offers easy-to-follow instructions and mnemonic tips that guide the reader, step by step, through the process of identifying every individual bone and which side of the body it came from. The Bone Book can be used as a stand-alone reference or as a companion to other sources. Although most of the photos show adult bones, the book also includes helpful photos of subadult bones and even fetal bones, which some forensic cases involve. The Bone Book will contribute to filling a gap in identifying and siding bones more easily and, in that sense, add to the body of anthropological, anatomical, and medical literature. It will be useful to anthropology students, anatomists, surgeons, medical examiners, and others working with the human skeleton.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains Book
Author : Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-08-23
ISBN : 1420037943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that ar

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology Book
Author : G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 1107480736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.

The Human Bone Manual

The Human Bone Manual Book
Author : Tim D. White,Pieter A. Folkens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-08
ISBN : 9780080488998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the success of their previous book, White and Folkens' The Human Bone Manual is intended for use outside the laboratory and classroom, by professional forensic scientists, anthropologists and researchers. The compact volume includes all the key information needed for identification purposes, including hundreds of photographs designed to show a maximum amount of anatomical information. Features more than 500 color photographs and illustrations in a portable format; most in 1:1 ratio Provides multiple views of every bone in the human body Includes tips on identifying any human bone or tooth Incorporates up-to-date references for further study

Paleodemography

Paleodemography Book
Author : Robert D. Hoppa,James W. Vaupel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-10-30
ISBN : 1139441558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paleodemography is the field of enquiry that attempts to identify demographic parameters from past populations (usually skeletal samples) derived from archaeological contexts, and then to make interpretations regarding the health and well-being of those populations. However, paleodemographic theory relies on several assumptions that cannot easily be validated by the researcher, and if incorrect, can lead to large errors or biases. In this book, physical anthropologists, mathematical demographers and statisticians tackle these methodological issues for reconstructing demographic structure for skeletal samples. Topics discussed include how skeletal morphology is linked to chronological age, assessment of age from the skeleton, demographic models of mortality and their interpretation, and biostatistical approaches to age structure estimation from archaeological samples. This work will be of immense importance to anyone interested in paleodemography, including biological and physical anthropologists, demographers, geographers, evolutionary biologists and statisticians.

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease Book
Author : Megan Brickley,Rachel Ives
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080557915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease provides a comprehensive and invaluable source of information on this important group of diseases. It is an essential guide for those engaged in either basic recording or in-depth research on human remains from archaeological sites. The range of potential tools for investigating metabolic diseases of bone are far greater than for many other conditions, and building on clinical investigations, this book will consider gross, surface features visible using microscopic examination, histological and radiological features of bone, that can be used to help investigate metabolic bone diseases. Clear photographs and line drawings illustrate gross, histological and radiological features associated with each of the conditions Covers a range of issues pertinent to the study of metabolic bone disease in archaeological skeletal material, including the problems that frequent co-existence of these conditions in individuals living in the past raises, the preservation of human bone and the impact this has on the ability to suggest a diagnosis of a condition Includes a range of conditions that can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis, including previous investigations of these conditions in archaeological bone

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book
Author : Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-07-28
ISBN : 1315528924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Dinosaur Eggs and Babies

Dinosaur Eggs and Babies Book
Author : Kenneth Carpenter,Karl F. Hirsch,John R. Horner
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-01-26
ISBN : 9780521567237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last two decades the study of dinosaur eggs and babies has proved a very profitable area of dinosaur research. This book is solely devoted to this topic and reviews our present state of knowledge in this area of paleontology.