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Isotope Geochemistry

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Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Jochen Hoefs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662033771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stable Isotope Geochemistry is an introduction to the use of stable isotopes in the fields of geoscience. It is subdivided into three parts: - theoretical and experimental principles; - fractionation mechanisms of light elements; - the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. In this updated 4th edition many of the chapters have been expanded, especially those on techniques and environmental aspects. The main focus is on recent results and new developments. For students and scientists alike the book will be a primary reference with regard to how and where stable isotopes can be used to solve geological problems.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : William M. White
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-27
ISBN : 0470656700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Beginning with a brief overview of nuclear physics and nuclear origins, it then reviews radioactive decay schemes and their use in geochronology. A following chapter covers the closely related techniques such as fission-track and carbon-14 dating. Subsequent chapters cover nucleosynthetic anomalies in meteorites and early solar system chronology and the use of radiogenic isotopes in understanding the evolution of the Earth’s mantle, crust, and oceans. Attention then turns to stable isotopes and after reviewing the basic principles involved, the book explores their use in topics as diverse as mantle evolution, archeology and paleontology, ore formation, and, particularly, paleoclimatology. A following chapter explores recent developments including unconventional stable isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and isotopic ‘clumping’. The final chapter reviews the isotopic variation in the noble gases, which result from both radioactive decay and chemical fractionations.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Jochen Hoefs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662099985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of this book was published in 1973, the second, totally rewritten, followed 7 years later in 1980. Because the field of stable isotopes is still grow ing and exerting an increasing influence on geosciences in general, it seems to be necessary, after a further 7 years, to revise the edition again accordingly. Not only has the previous edition been updated, but two completely new chapters on the isotopic composi tion of mantle-derived material and on the isotopic composition of the ocean during the geologie past, have been added. The references concentrate on re cent literature. In some cases, older references have been omitted to save space. I do not intend to underrate the value of older publications, but only to keep the reference list - al ready very voluminous in relation to the totallengt- from becoming even larger. An early draft has been reviewed by Russell Harmon and Alan Matthews. John Valley has se nt me a preprint of an artic1e on metamorphie rocks. To all three of them I owe my deepest thanks.

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Bruce F. Schaefer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-16
ISBN : 1107039584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible overview of radiogenic isotopes, dataset evaluation and real-world applications for advanced undergraduate students and industry professionals.

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Nikolaus Gussone,Anne-Désirée Schmitt,Alexander Heuser,Frank Wombacher,Martin Dietzel,Edward Tipper,Martin Schiller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-02
ISBN : 3540689532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the fundamentals and reference values for Ca stable isotope research, as well as current analytical methodologies including detailed instructions for sample preparation and isotope analysis. As such, it introduces readers to the different fields of application, including low-temperature mineral precipitation and biomineralisation, Earth surface processes and global cycling, high-temperature processes and cosmochemistry, and lastly human studies and biomedical applications. The current state of the art in these major areas is discussed, and open questions and possible future directions are identified. In terms of its depth and coverage, the current work extends and complements the previous reviews of Ca stable isotope geochemistry, addressing the needs of graduate students and advanced researchers who want to familiarize themselves with Ca stable isotope research.

Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Zachary Sharp
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first dedicated book to cover the basics of a wide range of stable isotope applications in a manner appropriate for someone entering the field. At the same time, it offers sufficient detail – and numerous references and examples – to direct research for further inquiry. Discusses diverse topics such as hydrology, carbon in plants, meteorites, carbonates, metamorphic rocks, etc. Explores the theory and principles of isotope fractionation. Offers unique, up-to-date discussion of meteorite (extraterrestrial) isotope data. Presents the subject in an interesting historical context, with the classic papers noted.A useful reference for students taking the course and professionals entering the field of Geochemistry.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Vladimir Kuleshov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0128031867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Isotope Geochemistry: The Origin and Formation of Manganese Rocks and Ores is a comprehensive reference on global manganese deposits, including their origins and formations. Manganese is both a significant industrial chemical, critical for steel-making, and a strategic mineral, occurring in abundance only in certain countries. Furthermore, it is used effectively in CO2 sequestration, helping to mitigate greenhouse gas emission challenges around the world. For these reasons, exploration for manganese is very active, yet access to the primary academic literature can be a challenge, especially in field operations. Isotope Geochemistry brings this material together in a single source, making it the ideal all-in-one reference that presents the supporting data, analytics, and interpretation from known manganese deposits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and scientists in multiple fields, including exploration and economic geologists, mineralogists, geochemists, and environmental scientists alike. Features coverage of the formation, origins, and deposits of manganese rocks and ores globally, arming geoscientists with a thorough reference on the subject Includes 170 figures and illustrations that visually capture key concepts Includes elusive data with supporting analysis and interpretation of deposits in Russia, one of the most robust geographic locations in the world for manganese rock and ore research

Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry

Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Paul Tomascak,Tomáš Magna,Ralf Dohmen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 3319014307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work summarizes the historical progression of the field of lithium (Li) isotope studies and provides a comprehensive yet succinct overview of the research applications toward which they have been directed. In synthesizing the historical and current research, the volume also suggests prospective future directions of study. Not even a full decade has passed since the publication of a broadly inclusive summary of Li isotope research around the globe (Tomascak, 2004). In this short time, the use of this isotope system in the investigation of geo- and cosmochemical questions has increased dramatically, due, in part, to the advent of new analytical technology at the end of the last millennium. Lithium, as a light element that forms low-charge, moderate-sized ions, manifests a number of chemical properties that make its stable isotope system useful in a wide array of geo- and cosmochemical research fields.

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Mark Baskaran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 9783642106378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of radioactive and stable isotopes have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth and near-earth surface processes. The utility of the isotopes are ever-increasing and our sole focus is to bring out the applications of these isotopes as tracers and chronometers to a wider audience so that they can be used as powerful tools to solve environmental problems. New developments in this field remain mostly in peer-reviewed journal articles and hence our goal is to synthesize these findings for easy reference for students, faculty, regulators in governmental and non-governmental agencies, and environmental companies. While this volume maintains its rigor in terms of its depth of knowledge and quantitative information, it contains the breadth needed for wide variety problems and applications in the environmental sciences. This volume presents all of the newer and older applications of isotopes pertaining to the environmental problems in one place that is readily accessible to readers. This book not only has the depth and rigor that is needed for academia, but it has the breadth and case studies to illustrate the utility of the isotopes in a wide variety of environments (atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers and streams, terrestrial environments, and sub-surface environments) and serves a large audience, from students and researchers, regulators in federal, state and local governments, and environmental companies.

Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry

Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Donald J. DePaolo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642489168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph was begun with two objectives in mind. The first was to provide a review of research involving the application of neodymium isotopic measurements to pro blems in earth science. In the process of organizing to do this, I realized that the research in this field had produced a need for an updated review of the underlying paradigms. This need had arisen because of the special properties of the samarium-neodymium isotopic system, and because the research had transgressed the traditional boundaries be tween the subfields of earth science. Without such a review, the significance of the results seemed likely to remain un necessarily obscure to interested scientists from related disciplines. Consequently, the second objective became the provision of a theoretical framework for the application of neodymium isotopic studies. Much of what this contains is not new, but it is drawn together here for the first time. At the time the writing was initiated, the literature of the field was still relatively limited. Over the past 5 years it has grown enormously. Considering the rate at which the writing progressed, it became clear that this could not be a fully up-to-date review and still reach completion. The selection of material for the review sections is biased toward earlier studies. Part I presents most of the background information.

Iron Geochemistry An Isotopic Perspective

Iron Geochemistry  An Isotopic Perspective Book
Author : Clark Johnson,Brian Beard,Stefan Weyer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 3030338282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive summary of research to date in the field of stable iron isotope geochemistry. Since research began in this field 20 years ago, the field has grown to become one of the major research fields in "non-traditional" stable isotope geochemistry. This book reviews all aspects of the field, from low-temperature to high-temperature processes, biological processes, and cosmochemical processes. It provides a detailed history and state-of-the art summary about analytical methods to determine Fe-isotope ratios and discusses analytical and sample prospects.

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems Book
Author : Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-09-27
ISBN : 9780080967073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geochemistry of Earth Surface Systems offers an interdisciplinary reference for scientists, researchers and upper undergraduate and graduate level geochemistry students a sampling of articles on earth surface processes from The Treatise on Geochemistry that is more affordable than the full Treatise. For professionals, this volume will provide an overview of the field as a whole. For students, it will provide more in-depth introductory content than is found in broad-based geochemistry textbooks. Articles were selected from chapters across all volumes of the full Treatise, and include: Volcanic Degassing, Hydrothermal Processes, The Contemporary Carbon Cycle, Global Occurrence of Major Elements in Rivers, Organic Matter in the Contemporary Ocean, The Biological Pump, and Evolution of Sedimentary Rocks. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Jochen Hoefs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-01-13
ISBN : 3540707034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stable Isotope Geochemistry is an introduction to the use of stable isotopes in the geosciences. It is subdivided into three parts: theoretical and experimental principles; fractionation processes of light and heavy elements; the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. Since the application of stable isotopes to earth sciences has grown in the last few years, a new edition appears necessary. Recent progress in analysing the rare isotopes of certain elements for instance allow the distinction between mass-dependent and mass-independent fractionations. Special emphasis has been given to the growing field of "heavy" elements. Many new references have been added, which will enable quick access to recent literature. For students and scientists alike the book will be a primary source of information with regard to how and where stable isotopes can be used to solve geological problems.

Groundwater Geochemistry and Isotopes

Groundwater Geochemistry and Isotopes Book
Author : Ian Clark
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 1466591749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understand the Environmental Processes That Control Groundwater QualityThe integration of environmental isotopes with geochemical studies is now recognized as a routine approach to solving problems of natural and contaminated groundwater quality. Advanced sampling and analytical methods are readily accessible and affordable, providing abundant geoc

Strontium Isotope Geology

Strontium Isotope Geology Book
Author : G. Faure,J. L. Powell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642653677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the end of World War II isotope geology has grown into a diversi fied and complex discipline in the earth sciences. It has progressed by the efforts of a relatively small number of specialists, many of whom are physi cists, chemists, or mathematicians who were attracted to the earth sciences by the opportunity to measure and to interpret the isotopic compositions of certain chemical elements in geological materials. The phenomenal growth of isotope geology during the last 25 years is an impressive indi cation of the success of their efforts. We have now entered into a new phase of development of isotope geology which emphasizes the application of the new tools to the solution of specific problems in the earth and planetary sciences. This requires the active participation of a new breed of geologists who understand the nature and complexity of geological problems and can work toward their solution by a thoughtful application of the principles of isotope geology. It is there fore necessary to explain these principles to earth scientists at large to enable them to make use of the new information which isotope geology can offer them.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-09-27
ISBN : 9780080967110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After the discovery that elements were commonly composed of isotopes, there developed a range of studies of the variability of isotopic compositions in Earth materials, which was able to add to our understanding of Earth processes and history. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry describes the range of isotopic studies. The chapters are grouped into the following categories: light stable isotopes, radiogenic tracers, noble gases and radioactive tracers. The first three groups depend on mass spectrometric measurements. The section on radioactive tracers employs both radioactive counting techniques and the newly developed accelerator mass spectrometric techniques. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

Using Geochemical Data

Using Geochemical Data Book
Author : Hugh Richard Rollinson,Hugh Rollinson,Victoria Pease
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 1108745849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How best to interpret and apply geochemical data to understand geological processes, for graduate students, researchers, and professionals.

Radiogenic Isotope Geology

Radiogenic Isotope Geology Book
Author : Alan P. Dickin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-03-31
ISBN : 0521823161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and updated edition of a popular textbook on the geological applications of radiogenic isotopes.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : William M. White
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 1118902106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to radiogenic andstable isotope geochemistry. Beginning with a brief overview ofnuclear physics and nuclear origins, it then reviews radioactivedecay schemes and their use in geochronology. A following chaptercovers the closely related techniques such as fission-track andcarbon-14 dating. Subsequent chapters cover nucleosyntheticanomalies in meteorites and early solar system chronology and theuse of radiogenic isotopes in understanding the evolution of theEarth’s mantle, crust, and oceans. Attention then turns tostable isotopes and after reviewing the basic principles involved,the book explores their use in topics as diverse as mantleevolution, archeology and paleontology, ore formation, and,particularly, paleoclimatology. A following chapter explores recentdevelopments including unconventional stable isotopes,mass-independent fractionation, and isotopic‘clumping’. The final chapter reviews the isotopicvariation in the noble gases, which result from both radioactivedecay and chemical fractionations.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology Book
Author : C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 008092915X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.