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Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Jochen Hoefs
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-05
ISBN : 3319785273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This classic textbook is an introduction to the systematics and the use of stable isotopes in geosciences. It is subdivided into three parts: i) theoretical and experimental principles, ii) fractionation processes of light and heavy elements, iii) the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. Since the publication of the previous edition advances in multicollector-ICP-mass-spectrometry allow precise measurements of new isotope systems. In this new edition therefore, 42 elements with resolvable natural variations in isotope composition are discussed. New findings from non-traditional isotope systems have been incorporated. Many new references have been added, which enable quick access to recent literature.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : William M. White
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-27
ISBN : 0470656700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Beginning with a brief overview of nuclear physics and nuclear origins, it then reviews radioactive decay schemes and their use in geochronology. A following chapter covers the closely related techniques such as fission-track and carbon-14 dating. Subsequent chapters cover nucleosynthetic anomalies in meteorites and early solar system chronology and the use of radiogenic isotopes in understanding the evolution of the Earth's mantle, crust, and oceans. Attention then turns to stable isotopes and after reviewing the basic principles involved, the book explores their use in topics as diverse as mantle evolution, archeology and paleontology, ore formation, and, particularly, paleoclimatology. A following chapter explores recent developments including unconventional stable isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and isotopic 'clumping'. The final chapter reviews the isotopic variation in the noble gases, which result from both radioactive decay and chemical fractionations.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : J. Hoefs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662022907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stable Isotope Geochemistry book written by J. Hoefs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Lectures in Isotope Geology

Lectures in Isotope Geology Book
Author : E. Jäger,J.C. Hunziker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642671616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our colleagues from the French-speaking parts of Switzerland - the Suisses romands - and above all the committee of the 3rd Cycle, e Earth Sciences (3 Cycle, Sciences de la Terre) honored us by asking us to give a course on Isotope Geology for the year 1977. The course, entitled Evaluation et Interpretation des Donnees Isotopiques (eval uation and Interpretation of Isotopic Data), was intended to inform earth scientists, graduate and postgraduate, from the western Swiss Universities on the subject of Isotope Geology. Such courses usually consist of two parts: lectures and excursions. Thus, in March 1977, we gave such a two-week course at the Miner alogical Institute of the University of Berne. The first week was devoted essentially to the methods of dating, the second week to the behavior of stable isotopes. In July 1977, on the occasion of an excursion to the Central and Western Alps, we were able to demonstrate our results. Guest professors were invited to make contributions to the course.

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry of Sedimentary and Aquatic Systems

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry of Sedimentary and Aquatic Systems Book
Author : Peter Stille,Graham Shields
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1997-10-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book takes the reader through the complete weathering cycle, from the continents to the oceans, from the perspective of modern radiogenic isotope geochemistry. Topics include surface weathering, fluvial processes, environmental pollution, oceanography and paleoceanography, sedimentary mineral diagenesis and radiometric dating, thus bridging the gap between processes acting on the Earth today and the geological record. Extensive use is made of carefully selected case studies, both pioneering and state-of-the-art. This book enables the reader to critically assess previous work from the literature as well as encouraging already established researchers to apply the most modern isotopic approaches to their particular field of study.

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Mark Baskaran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9783662505946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of radioactive and stable isotopes have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth and near-earth surface processes. The utility of the isotopes are ever-increasing and our sole focus is to bring out the applications of these isotopes as tracers and chronometers to a wider audience so that they can be used as powerful tools to solve environmental problems. New developments in this field remain mostly in peer-reviewed journal articles and hence our goal is to synthesize these findings for easy reference for students, faculty, regulators in governmental and non-governmental agencies, and environmental companies. While this volume maintains its rigor in terms of its depth of knowledge and quantitative information, it contains the breadth needed for wide variety problems and applications in the environmental sciences. This volume presents all of the newer and older applications of isotopes pertaining to the environmental problems in one place that is readily accessible to readers. This book not only has the depth and rigor that is needed for academia, but it has the breadth and case studies to illustrate the utility of the isotopes in a wide variety of environments (atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers and streams, terrestrial environments, and sub-surface environments) and serves a large audience, from students and researchers, regulators in federal, state and local governments, and environmental companies.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Joachim Hoefs,Jochen Hoefs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stable Isotope Geochemistry is an introduction to the use of stable isotopes in the geosciences. It is subdivided into three parts: - theoretical and experimental principles; - fractionation mechanisms of light and heavy elements; - the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. The 5th edition has been revised and extended and now includes a new chapter on palaeoclimatology. Special emphasis has been given to the growing field of "heavy" elements. Many new references have been added, which will enable quick access to recent literature. For students and scientists alike the book will be a primary source of information with regard to how and where stable isotopes can be used to solve geological problems.

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry

Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Bruce F. Schaefer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-16
ISBN : 1107039584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An accessible overview of radiogenic isotopes, dataset evaluation and real-world applications for advanced undergraduate students and industry professionals.

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Nikolaus Gussone,Anne-Désirée Schmitt,Alexander Heuser,Frank Wombacher,Martin Dietzel,Edward Tipper,Martin Schiller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-02
ISBN : 3540689532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the fundamentals and reference values for Ca stable isotope research, as well as current analytical methodologies including detailed instructions for sample preparation and isotope analysis. As such, it introduces readers to the different fields of application, including low-temperature mineral precipitation and biomineralisation, Earth surface processes and global cycling, high-temperature processes and cosmochemistry, and lastly human studies and biomedical applications. The current state of the art in these major areas is discussed, and open questions and possible future directions are identified. In terms of its depth and coverage, the current work extends and complements the previous reviews of Ca stable isotope geochemistry, addressing the needs of graduate students and advanced researchers who want to familiarize themselves with Ca stable isotope research.

Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry

Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Donald J. DePaolo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642489168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph was begun with two objectives in mind. The first was to provide a review of research involving the application of neodymium isotopic measurements to pro blems in earth science. In the process of organizing to do this, I realized that the research in this field had produced a need for an updated review of the underlying paradigms. This need had arisen because of the special properties of the samarium-neodymium isotopic system, and because the research had transgressed the traditional boundaries be tween the subfields of earth science. Without such a review, the significance of the results seemed likely to remain un necessarily obscure to interested scientists from related disciplines. Consequently, the second objective became the provision of a theoretical framework for the application of neodymium isotopic studies. Much of what this contains is not new, but it is drawn together here for the first time. At the time the writing was initiated, the literature of the field was still relatively limited. Over the past 5 years it has grown enormously. Considering the rate at which the writing progressed, it became clear that this could not be a fully up-to-date review and still reach completion. The selection of material for the review sections is biased toward earlier studies. Part I presents most of the background information.

Isotope Geochemistry Researches in China

Isotope Geochemistry Researches in China Book
Author : Guangchi Tu,T. J. Chow
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Isotope Geochemistry Researches in China book written by Guangchi Tu,T. J. Chow, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Hugh P. Taylor,James R. O'Neil,Isaac R. Kaplan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stable Isotope Geochemistry book written by Hugh P. Taylor,James R. O'Neil,Isaac R. Kaplan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : John W. Valley,David R. Cole
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1501508741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 43 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry follows the 1986 Reviews in Mineralogy (Vol. 16) in approach but reflects significant changes in the field of Stable Isotope Geochemistry. In terms of new technology, new sub-disciplines, and numbers of researchers, the field has changed more in the past decade than in any other since that of its birth. Unlike the 1986 volume, which was restricted to high temperature fields, this book covers a wider range of disciplines. However, it would not be possible to fit a comprehensive review into a single volume. Our goal is to provide state-of-the-art reviews in chosen subjects that have emerged or advanced greatly since 1986. This volume was prepared for Short Course on Stable Isotope Geochemistry presented November 2-4, 2001 in conjunction with the annual meetings of the Geological Society of America in Boston, Massachusetts.

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Peter Fritz,Jean-Charles Fontes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780444427649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry book written by Peter Fritz,Jean-Charles Fontes, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry

Advances in Lithium Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Paul Tomascak,Tomáš Magna,Ralf Dohmen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 3319014307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work summarizes the historical progression of the field of lithium (Li) isotope studies and provides a comprehensive yet succinct overview of the research applications toward which they have been directed. In synthesizing the historical and current research, the volume also suggests prospective future directions of study. Not even a full decade has passed since the publication of a broadly inclusive summary of Li isotope research around the globe (Tomascak, 2004). In this short time, the use of this isotope system in the investigation of geo- and cosmochemical questions has increased dramatically, due, in part, to the advent of new analytical technology at the end of the last millennium. Lithium, as a light element that forms low-charge, moderate-sized ions, manifests a number of chemical properties that make its stable isotope system useful in a wide array of geo- and cosmochemical research fields.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Low Temperature Processes

Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Low Temperature Processes Book
Author : Rob Kerrich,Mineralogical Association of Canada
Publisher : Saskatoon : Mineralogical Association of Canada
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Low Temperature Processes book written by Rob Kerrich,Mineralogical Association of Canada, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Vladimir Kuleshov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0128031867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Isotope Geochemistry: The Origin and Formation of Manganese Rocks and Ores is a comprehensive reference on global manganese deposits, including their origins and formations. Manganese is both a significant industrial chemical, critical for steel-making, and a strategic mineral, occurring in abundance only in certain countries. Furthermore, it is used effectively in CO2 sequestration, helping to mitigate greenhouse gas emission challenges around the world. For these reasons, exploration for manganese is very active, yet access to the primary academic literature can be a challenge, especially in field operations. Isotope Geochemistry brings this material together in a single source, making it the ideal all-in-one reference that presents the supporting data, analytics, and interpretation from known manganese deposits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and scientists in multiple fields, including exploration and economic geologists, mineralogists, geochemists, and environmental scientists alike. Features coverage of the formation, origins, and deposits of manganese rocks and ores globally, arming geoscientists with a thorough reference on the subject Includes 170 figures and illustrations that visually capture key concepts Includes elusive data with supporting analysis and interpretation of deposits in Russia, one of the most robust geographic locations in the world for manganese rock and ore research

Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-09-27
ISBN : 9780080967110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After the discovery that elements were commonly composed of isotopes, there developed a range of studies of the variability of isotopic compositions in Earth materials, which was able to add to our understanding of Earth processes and history. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry describes the range of isotopic studies. The chapters are grouped into the following categories: light stable isotopes, radiogenic tracers, noble gases and radioactive tracers. The first three groups depend on mass spectrometric measurements. The section on radioactive tracers employs both radioactive counting techniques and the newly developed accelerator mass spectrometric techniques. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Zachary Sharp
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first dedicated book to cover the basics of a wide range of stable isotope applications in a manner appropriate for someone entering the field. At the same time, it offers sufficient detail – and numerous references and examples – to direct research for further inquiry. Discusses diverse topics such as hydrology, carbon in plants, meteorites, carbonates, metamorphic rocks, etc. Explores the theory and principles of isotope fractionation. Offers unique, up-to-date discussion of meteorite (extraterrestrial) isotope data. Presents the subject in an interesting historical context, with the classic papers noted.A useful reference for students taking the course and professionals entering the field of Geochemistry.

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry Book
Author : Peter Fritz,Jean-Charles Fontes
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1980
ISBN : 9780444422255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry comprises a series of books, each focussing on a selected environment, presenting in-depth reviews of all relevant studies and results obtained in specific research areas. Theoretical aspects as well as practical applications of isotope techniques are treated and extensive bibliographies are included. The handbook will cover the terrestrial, marine, and high temperature environments, and all will undoubtedly be welcomed by geologists, geochemists, hydrologists, climatologists and soil scientists. The complete Handbook will thus provide a valuable overview of the whole field of environmental isotope geochemistry, and will be suitable for graduate level instruction in isotope geology. Individual volumes will also be a valuable aid to study in hydrogeology, oceanography, economic geology, Quaternary geology and igneous metamorphic petrology.