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Isoqol Dictionary Of Quality Of Life And Health Outcomes Measurement

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Isoqol Dictionary of Quality of Life and Health Outcomes Measurement

Isoqol Dictionary of Quality of Life and Health Outcomes Measurement Book
Author : Nancy E. Mayo
Publisher : Isoqol
Release : 2015-08-25
ISBN : 9780996423106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Quality of Life" and "Health Outcomes" and other terms referring to the physical, mental and emotional effects experienced by people as they encounter health challenges are in wide use and misuse in the health care and health research community. Many of these terms are used interchangeably without recognizing that they have completely different meanings and, thus, require different measurement approaches and different types of interventions if they are to be optimized. The notion of creating a "dictionary" of these terms arose so that novices and experts, researchers and clinicians, can commonly address these health outcome challenges. The correct term for this collection of definitions is a "vocabulary for a vertical audience" as the definitions reflect the usage in QOL and health outcomes measurement rather than all usages and the definitions were written to have meaning for the novice while still being useful for the expert As a starting point for the vocabulary, terms were chosen based on the frequency of use in journal articles focussing on of quality of life research. The terms fall broadly into 8 concepts all of which have an identified need for consistent and correct terminology: research process, measurement properties, statistics for QOL research, designs for QOL research, patient reported outcomes (PROs), theories and models, knowledge translation, and personal factors. Rather than being "A malevolent literary device for cramping the growth of a language and making it hard and inelastic" (Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary), "This dictionary, however, is a most useful work." (Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary). To avoid the "devil," terms reflecting modern advances in outcomes research and design were included even they may not yet be in common usage in QOL research. For example, while designs like the stepped wedge or platform trials may not yet have penetrated the world of QOL research, they will not if no one knows about them. More than 20 people contributed definitions and following editing, the dictionary was opened up for review and comment from members of ISOQOL and their suggestions and modifications were included, adding a component of peer review to the process. Editor, Nancy E. Mayo, BSc(PT), MSc, PhD James McGill Professor Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences Department of Medicine School of Physical and Occupational Therapy McGill University [email protected]

Active Surveillance for Localized Prostate Cancer

Active Surveillance for Localized Prostate Cancer Book
Author : Laurence Klotz
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 3319627104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fully updated and revised new edition provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of this field, and will serve as a valuable resource for clinicians, surgeons and researchers with an interest in prostate cancer. The book reviews new data about molecular characteristics of the disease, profiles the new grading system for prostate cancer introduced in 2015, and provides new perspectives about imaging of prostate cancer, as well as the role of targeted biopsies. The text summarizes the role of biomarkers and MRI in patient selection and management and details the world wide results of active surveillance. Specific chapters address communication and ethical issues, QOL outcomes, economic aspects, and psycho-social aspects of surveillance. The role of focal therapy for low risk disease is summarized, and the data supporting preventive interventions during surveillance reviewed. This text will serve as a very useful resource for physicians and researchers dealing with, and interested in this common malignancy, as it provides a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts.

EBOOK Health Care Evaluation

EBOOK  Health Care Evaluation Book
Author : Carmen Tsang,David Cromwell
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Release : 2017-02-16
ISBN : 0335261450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evaluation of health care is necessary if we are to understand the organisation of health services and to determine how health care interventions should be delivered. The second edition of this fully revised public health text introduces the various types of health care evaluations, and explores the ways in which scientifically robust studies can be used to assess health care interventions, with a focus on measuring their impact on patient outcomes. Throughout this book, the concepts and methods of evaluating health care interventions are considered in terms of four key dimensions: effectiveness, efficiency, humanity and equity. In order to fully equip the public health practitioner or student, this book: • Considers a broad range of evaluation methods including cross-sectional studies, quasi-experimental designs and qualitative methods • Gives an updated account of current theory, research and practice in the field • Features activities to help readers apply its content to their own practice Health Care Evaluation, 2nd edition is an essential textbook that outlines evaluation methods in an accessible way for public health students, public health practitioners and policy makers. Understanding Public Health is an innovative series published by Open University Press in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, where it is used as a key learning resource for postgraduate programmes. It provides self-directed learning covering the major issues in public health affecting low, middle and high income countries. "In ageing societies and developing country populations at risk of long term conditions, the impact of new health care interventions on health and wellbeing require robust evaluation. Tsang, Cromwell and colleagues set out a comprehensive framework for a breadth of simple evaluations, carefully laid out with thoughtful vignettes for readers to address and informative reference material. A book for experienced and fledgling evaluators to access, maximising the chances of decisions around innovations being based on sound science." Professor Charles Wolfe, Professor of Public Health, Guy’s & St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, UK "Evaluation is an essential tool to support health services respond to ever more complex demands from an ageing population. This volume is strongly recommended as it provides outstanding guidance combining authority with clarity and ease of use." Ray Fitzpatrick, Professor of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Oxford, UK

Oncology Clinical Trials

Oncology Clinical Trials Book
Author : William Kevin Kelly, DO,Susan Halabi, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 0826168736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Oncology Clinical Trials has been thoroughly revised and updated and now contains the latest designs and methods of conducting and analyzing cancer clinical trials in the era of precision medicine with biologic agents—including trials investigating the safety and efficacy of targeted therapies, immunotherapies, and combination therapies as well as novel radiation therapy modalities. Now divided into six sections this revamped book provides the necessary background and expert guidance from the principles governing oncology clinical trials to the innovative statistical design methods permeating the field; from conducting trials in a safe and effective manner, analyzing and interpreting the data, to a forward-looking assessment and discussion of regulatory issues impacting domestic, international, and global clinical trials. Considered by many as the gold standard reference on oncology clinical trials in the field, the second edition continues to provide examples of real-life flaws and real-world examples for how to successfully design, conduct and analyze quality clinical trials and interpret them. With chapters written by oncologists, researchers, biostatisticians, clinical research administrators, and industry and FDA representatives, this volume provides a comprehensive guide in the design, conduct, monitoring, analysis, and reporting of clinical trials in oncology. NEW TO THIS EDITION: Outlines how to design clinical trials with and without biomarker testing—including genomics-based “basket” trials, and adaptive trials for all phases during treatment and quality-of-life trials Includes new chapters on immunotherapy trials, radiation therapy trials, multi-arm trials, meta-analysis and adaptive design, use of genomics, dose modifications and use of ancillary treatments in investigational studies, establishing surrogate endpoints, practical issues with correlative studies, cost-effectiveness analysis, and more Comprehensively covers all regulatory aspects in the pursuit of global oncology trials Digital access to the ebook included

Quantitative Psychology

Quantitative Psychology Book
Author : Marie Wiberg,Dylan Molenaar,Jorge González,Ulf Böckenholt,Jee-Seon Kim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-23
ISBN : 3030434699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings volume highlights the latest research and developments in psychometrics and statistics. It represents selected and peer reviewed presentations given at the 84th Annual International Meeting of the Psychometric Society (IMPS), organized by Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and held in Santiago, Chile during July 15th to 19th, 2019. The IMPS is one of the largest international meetings on quantitative measurement in education, psychology and the social sciences. It draws approximately 500 participants from around the world, featuring paper and poster presentations, symposiums, workshops, keynotes, and invited presentations. Leading experts and promising young researchers have written the included chapters. The chapters address a large variety of topics including but not limited to item response theory, multistage adaptive testing, and cognitive diagnostic models. This volume is the 8th in a series of recent volumes to cover research presented at the IMPS.

Firestein Kelley s Textbook of Rheumatology E Book

Firestein   Kelley   s Textbook of Rheumatology   E Book Book
Author : Gary S. Firestein,Ralph C. Budd,Sherine E Gabriel,Iain B. McInnes,James R O'Dell
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-07-05
ISBN : 0323639216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through 10 outstanding editions, Kelley & Firestein’s Textbook of Rheumatology has provided authoritative, in-depth guidance in rheumatology with an ideal balance of basic science and clinical application. The 11th Edition of this classic text continues this tradition of excellence, while keeping you abreast of recent advances in genetics and the microbiome, new therapies such as biologics and biosimilars, and other rapid changes in the field. It provides comprehensive, global coverage of all aspects of diagnosis, screening, and treatment in both adults and children, in a user-friendly, full color reference. Covers everything from basic science, immunology, anatomy, and physiology to diagnostic tests, procedures, and specific disease processes—including key data on therapeutic outcomes to better inform clinical decision making. Includes new chapters on Innate Lymphoid Cells and Natural Killer Cells, Pathogenesis of Inflammasome Mediated Diseases, Bisphosphonates, Ultrasound Evaluation of the Musculoskeletal System, and Evaluation of Monoarticular and Polyarticular Arthritis. Features 1,200 high-quality illustrations, including superb line art, quick-reference tables, and full-color clinical photographs. Shares the knowledge and expertise of internationally renowned scientists and clinicians, including new editor Dr. Gary Koretzky, specialist in immunology and rheumatology. Demonstrates the complete musculoskeletal exam in online videos, including abnormal findings and the arthroscopic presentation of diseased joints.