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Ipscs As Cell Therapy For Disease Treatment

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Methods in iPSC Technology

Methods in iPSC Technology Book
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 9780128238820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. iPSCs as Cell Therapy for Disease Treatment, Volume 8 addresses how important induced pluripotent stems cells are and how can they can help treat certain diseases. Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells have been transforming biomedical research over the last 15 years. This volume will address the advances in research of how induced pluripotent stem cells are being used for treatment of different disorders, such as liver disease, type-1 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, macular degeneration of the retina and much more. The volume is written for researchers and scientists in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine and organ transplantation; and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of stem cell biology and function, regenerative medicine and therapeutics Covers spinal cord injuries, type-1 diabetes, liver disease, Parkinson's disease, graft vs. host disease, and much more Contributed by world-renown experts in the field

Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases

Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases Book
Author : Jaap Jan Boelens,Robert Wynn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-10
ISBN : 1461483573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem Cell therapy for lysosomal diseases (LSDs) is developing rapidly. This volume discusses the history, current practice and future perspectives of stem cells in inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) and provides an international perspective on progress, limitations, and future directions (e.g. gene therapy, iPS, ES) in the field. Beginning with an overview of these diseases, the book covers the breadth of this topic from treatment options, bone marrow transplantation, and alternative treatment options, through long-term outcomes and future perspectives.

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases Book
Author : Vivi M. Heine,Stephanie Dooves,Dwayne Holmes,Judith Wagner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-23
ISBN : 9789400728165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain diseases can have a large impact on patients and society, and treatment is often not available. A new approach in which somatic cells are reprogrammed into induced pluripotent cells (iPS cells) is a significant breakthrough for regenerative medicine. This promises patient-specific tissue for replacement therapies, as well as disease-specific cells for developmental modeling and drug treatment screening. However, this method faces issues of low reprogramming efficiency, and poorly defined criteria for determining the conversion of one cell type to another. Cells contain epigenetic “memories” of what they were that can affect reprogramming. This book discusses the various methods to reprogram cells, the control and determination of cell identity, the epigenetic models that have emerged and the application of iPS cell therapy for brain diseases, in particular Parkinson’s disease and Vanishing White Matter (VWM).​

Recent Advances in iPSCs for Therapy Volume 3

Recent Advances in iPSCs for Therapy  Volume 3 Book
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 032385186X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. Recent Advances in iPSCs for Therapy, Volume 3 addresses the use of induced pluripotent stem cells for therapy of several disorders. The volume teaches the reader about the biology of induced pluripotent stem cells and their possible use as cell therapy. Remarkable progress has been made in the obtention of induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiation into several cell types, tissues and organs using state-of-art techniques. This volume will cover what we know so far about the use of iPSCs for therapy of multiple diseases, such as: hair loss disorders, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, ischemic stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Glaucoma, Optic Neuropathy, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Type 1 Diabetes, Heart Failure, liver diseases, infertility, Autoimmune Diseases, and more. The volume is written for researchers and scientists interested in cell therapy, stem cell biology, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. • Provides overview of the fast-moving field of stem cell biology and function, regenerative medicine, and therapeutics • Covers the possible use of iPSCs for hair loss disorders, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, ischemic stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Glaucoma, Optic Neuropathy, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Type 1 Diabetes, Heart Failure, liver diseases, infertility, Autoimmune Diseases, and more • Contributions from stem cell leaders around the world

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 4

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 4 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-07
ISBN : 940072828X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vast therapeutic applications of the following specific stem cells in disease and tissue injury are discussed: embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, human hair follicle stem cells, bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells, adipose-derived stem cells, periodontal/progenitor cells, cancer stem cells, and breast cancer stem cells. Because human embryonic stem cells possess the potential to produce unlimited quantities of any human cell type, considerable focus is placed on this type of stem cells in this volume. The role of cancer stem cells, specifically in breast cancer is explained. Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells to aid the injured brain is included. Immune recovery after stem cells transplantation in severe combined immunodeficiency patients is described. The role of mesenchymal stem cells in enhancing the growth and metastasis of colon cancer is discussed. Clinical application of human follicle stem cells is presented. Treatment of malignant gliomas using genetically-modified neural stem cells as a marker is discussed. The impact of cancer stem cell hypothesis on designing new cancer therapies is explained. In the field of regenerative medicine, the use of stem cells in the repair of the central nervous system, tendon injury, and as a cardiac regenerative medicine is described. The role of DNA methylation in maintaining stemness induced pluripotent stem cells from human extraembryonic amnion cells is discussed. Insights on the understanding of molecular pathways involved in tumor biology are explained, which lead to the development of effective drugs. Information on pathways, such as hedgehog, facilitates targeted therapies in cancer.

Stem Cells and Cell Therapy

Stem Cells and Cell Therapy Book
Author : Mohamed Al-Rubeai,Mariam Naciri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-01
ISBN : 9400771967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the discovery of stem cells capable of multiplying indefinitely in culture and differentiating into many other cell types in appropriate conditions, new hopes were born in repair and replacement of damaged cells and tissues. The features of stem cells may provide treatment for some incurable diseases with some therapies are already in clinics, particularly those from adult stem cells. Some treatments will require large number of cells and may also require multiple doses, generating a growing demand for generating and processing large numbers of cells to meet the need of clinical applications. With this in mind, our aim is to provide a book on the subject of stem cells and cell therapy for researchers and students of cell biotechnology, bioengineering and bioproduction. This book is exceptional as it teaches researchers stem cells and cell therapy in that it covers the concepts and backgrounds necessary so that readers get a good understanding of the production of stem cells. The book covers three topics: The basics of stem cells and cell therapy, the use of stem cells for the treatment of human diseases, and stem cell processing. It includes chapters on neural and vascular stem vascular stem cell therapy, expansion engineering of embryonic stem cells, stem cell based production of blood cells and separation technologies for stem cells and cell therapy products. It is an informed and informative presentation of what modern research, science and engineering have learned about stem cells and their production and therapies. Addressing both the medical and production issues, this book is an invaluable contribution to having an academic and industrial understanding with respect to R&D and manufacturing of clinical grade stem cells.

Stem Cell Processing

Stem Cell Processing Book
Author : Phuc Van Pham
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-18
ISBN : 3319400738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable resource delineates procedures for development and use of stem cells in the laboratory and explores the potential for clinical applications. The text discusses mesenchymal stem cell isolation, isolation of adipose derived stem cells, new trends of induced pluripotent stem cells in disease treatment, cord blood banking, future directions of the discussed therapies and much more. The chapters are contributed by preeminent scientists in the field and present a comprehensive picture of stem cell processes, from development in the laboratory to effects and side-effects of clinical application. Stem Cell Processing and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applications series, edited by Dr. Phuc Van Pham, is essential reading for scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering.

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 10

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 10 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-20
ISBN : 9400762623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting contributions by 66 experts representing 13 countries, Volume 10 of the series Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells synthesizes current understanding of the causes, diagnosis, and therapy of major human diseases and debilitating tissue and organ injuries, using cell-based treatment. This volume presents contemporary research into generation, preservation, and uses of stem cells in fighting disease and tissue/organ injuries. The contents of the volume are organized into five sections. Mesenchymal Stem Cells section includes chapters on the use of stem cells in bone regeneration, studies and trials of stem cells in autoimmune diseases, and differences between adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells as regulators of immune response. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells section offers chapters on drug discovery using human IPSC-based disease models, and on generation of antigen-specific lymphocytes from IPSCs. Neural Cells and Neural Stem Cells section discusses use of bacterial artificial chromosomes in the genetic identification of stem cell-derived neural cell types, and use of moderate low temperature to preserve the stemness of neural stem cells. The section, Role of Stem Cells in Disease, discusses stem cell support in high-dose chemotherapy of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas; potential targets for drug resistant leukemic stem cells, bone marrow stem cell therapies for diabetes mellitus. This section also discusses the use of stem cells in treating thyroid, breast and bone cancers, hempophilia and Parkinson’s Disease. The section, Stem Cell Transplantation, includes chapters on reducing fungal infection in allogenic stem cell transplantation patients, use of Bulsufan/Fludarabine for conditioning in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and interleukin-7 receptor alpha polymorphisms in allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The editor, M.A. Hayat, is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biological, Sciences at Kean University, Union, New Jersey, USA.

Stem Cell Therapy for Parkinson s Disease

Stem Cell Therapy for Parkinson s Disease Book
Author : Fabin Han
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder of aging after Alzheimer's disease (AD). Pathologically, it is characterized by a degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons in substantia nigra of middle brain, which causes the motor symptoms and nonmotor symptoms of PD. The dopamine replacement therapy using levodopa and surgical treatment of deep brain stimulation (DBS) can only improve the symptoms of PD, but cannot stop the disease progression. Because of the selective loss of DA neurons, cell transplantation provides an exciting potential for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The available cell sources include mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow, neural stem cells (NSCs) from fetal brain tissues, embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from blastocysts, and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) reprogrammed from somatic cells transfected with stem cell transcription factors of OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC. Here, we first review the research advance conducted in animal models and patients of PD with these cells, then moving forward to recent development of iPSCs as a future source for the treatment of PD, and highlight the current challenges to make good manufacturing practice (GMP) standard cells suitable for large-scale production to move the cell-based therapy from dish to clinic as soon as possible.

Perinatal Stem Cells

Perinatal Stem Cells Book
Author : Zhong Chao Han,Tsuneo A. Takahashi,Zhibo Han,Zongjin Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-06
ISBN : 9811327033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to various types of perinatal stem cells. Given their unique regenerative abilities, stem cells offer a promising avenue in the treatment of degenerative diseases or injury. Currently, the limitations of postnatal cell sources and expanding efficiency may limit autologous stem cell therapies. Although embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be cultured indefinitely ex vivo, and can differentiate into three germ layers, ethical issues, the teratoma formation of ESCs and oncogenic risk of iPSCs are major obstacles to their clinical application. More recently, perinatal stem cells have been isolated from the umbilical cord, Wharton’s Jelly, placenta, amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid, which are normally discarded as medical waste. This book, after describing perinatal stem cells in detail, introduces readers to the various types of perinatal stem cells, addressing their characterization, banking, quality control and stability. Importantly, it also reviews the clinical applications of perinatal stem cells to therapy of diseases. Accordingly, it offers a valuable resource for clinicians, researchers and graduate students alike.

iPS Cells for Modelling and Treatment of Human Diseases

iPS Cells for Modelling and Treatment of Human Diseases Book
Author : Michael J. Edel
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-10-02
ISBN : 3038421227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "iPS Cells for Modelling and Treatment of Human Diseases" that was published in JCM

Generation of Vasculogenic Progenitor Cells from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases

Generation of Vasculogenic Progenitor Cells from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Wing-Hon Kevin Lai,黎永漢
Publisher : Open Dissertation Press
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361338261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, "Generation of Vasculogenic Progenitor Cells From Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases" by Wing-hon, Kevin, Lai, 黎永漢, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Pluripotent stem cells hold great promise in regenerative medicine. Theoretically, a variety of tissues can be generated from this progeny. The production of tailor-made stem cells for individualized patient treatment is the ultimate goal of stem cell based therapy. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) hold the precious key to success and promote the clinical application of stem cells. By reprogramming somatic cells, pluripotent stem cells can be generated in a patient-specific manner and subsequently differentiated into specific tissue for regeneration. Nonetheless exposure of hiPSCs to animal feeder cells and serum during generation and maintenance imposes a risk of transmitting animal pathogens to human subjects, thus hindering their potential therapeutic application. In addition, the efficacy of iPSC generation is Specific tissue or cells derived from stem cells may offer a solution and cell therapy using endothelial cells and their progenitors may be possible in treatment of severe cardiovascular diseases. In theory, endothelial cells can be generated from different sources of progenitor cells although no direct comparison of these various derived endothelial cells (ECs) has been reported. Thus in the second part of the study, the functional and physiological properties of BM, ESC and iPSC-ECs will be evaluated to determine their therapeutic potential in ischemic disease. A mouse hind limb ischemia model was used to assess and monitor neovascularization by the derived ECs. The results can provide further insight to evaluate the possibility of using iPSCEC as the cell source for patient-specific treatment. Use of pluripotent stem cells is a promising approach in therapeutic angiogenesis although numerous hurdles continue to hamper their widespread clinical use. Conditioned medium derived from progenitor cells may be another possible strategy in the treatment of ischemic diseases such that direct cell transplantation is avoided. Conditioned media produced from ex vivo culture of endothelial cells contain a combination of angiogenic factors that can be applied to promote neovascularization in ischemic tissue. Nonetheless the efficacy of this angiogenic application is unknown. The third part of the study focused on the potential application of EC-derived conditioned media in the treatment of ischemic disease using a mouse hind limb ischemia model. Some cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes might affect endothelial cell function such that autologous application of ECs and their conditioned media is not feasible. A human embryonic stem cell line may offer and alternative means to obtain stable quality ECs and conditioned medium for therapeutic use. In summary, advances in stem cell technology hold great promise for the treatment of cardiovascular disease, further improved by the generation of patient-specific stem cells using iPSC technology. Vascular cells can be generated from different sources of stem cells with similar angiogenic properties and may be used in the treatment of ischemic diseases. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5185944 Subjects: Cardiovascular system - Disea

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 12

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 12 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-02-20
ISBN : 9401780323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 12 in this series explores the latest experimental and clinical uses of stem cells in the treatment of disease and of injuries and reviews methods for isolating multipotent endothelial-like cells from human adipose tissue and discusses clinical applications in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. The book is organized in five parts: Cancer Stem Cells, Pluripotent Stem Cells, Dendritic Stem Cells, Regenerative Medicine and General Applications. The first section includes chapters on histamine in the neural and cancer stem cell niches and emerging concepts of stem cell organization in the normal lung and in lung cancer. The section on Pluripotent Stem Cells includes discussion of the differentiation of dendritic cells from human induced pluripotent stem cell and the molecular mechanisms involved in reprogramming human somatic cells to generate induced pluripotent stem cells. Additional chapters cover the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells into functional cardiomyocytes, characteristics of satellite cells and multipotent adult stem cells in the skeletal muscle. The section on Dendritic Stem Cells explores the critical role of notch signaling in the differentiation and function of dendrite. Other chapters cover hypertensive emergencies in children after stem cell transplantation and overcoming the radio resistance of lung cancer stem cells. The section on Regenerative Medicine reports on experiments on improved renal revascularization in pigs using stem cells and phenotypic correction of murine Hemophilia A using cell-based therapy. The concluding section, General Applications, discusses such topics as methods in mathematical modeling for stem cells, as well as molecular and functional characterization of human adipocytes. Like its eleven predecessors in the series, this volume stands out for its comprehensive approach, its roster of some 51 expert contributors representing a dozen different countries and its up-to-date review of leading-edge technology and methods.

iPSCs for Studying Infectious Diseases

iPSCs for Studying Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-29
ISBN : 0128241896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. iPSCs for Studying Infectious Diseases, Volume 8 addresses how important induced pluripotent stems cells are and how can they can help treat certain infectious diseases. Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells have been transforming biomedical research over the last 15 years. This volume will address the advances in research of how induced pluripotent stem cells are being used for treatment of different infectious diseases, such as corona virus, coxsackievirus, salmonella infection, influenza virus and much more. The volume is written for researchers and scientists in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine and organ transplantation; and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of stem cell biology and function, regenerative medicine and therapeutics Covers salmonella infection, hepatotropic pathogen infection, corona virus, influenza virus, and more Contributed by world-renown experts in the field

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 3

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 3 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-22
ISBN : 9789400724150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is pointed out that cancer stem cell is a cell type within a tumor that possesses the capacity of cell-renewal and can give rise to the heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells that comprise the tumor. It is emphasized that a cancer stem cell is a tumor initiating cell. That conventional chemotherapy kills most cells in a tumor, but cancer stem cells remain intact is discussed. Vast applications of stem cells, cancer stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and human pluripotent stem cells are discussed. Because human embryonic stem cells possess the potential of producing unlimited quantities of any human cell type, considerable focus is placed on their therapeutic potential in this volume. Because of the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells, this volume discusses various applications such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, pharmacological and toxicological uses. The role of these cells in cell differentiation is also included. The role of cancer stem cells of breast, colon, and melanoma tumors in response to antitumor therapy is detailed. The role of cancer stem cells, specifically in the deadliest brain cancer, glioblastoma multiforme, is explained. Transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells for myocardial infarcation and use of mesenchymal stem cells in orthopedics are described.

Cellular Therapies for Retinal Disease

Cellular Therapies for Retinal Disease Book
Author : Steven D. Schwartz,Aaron Nagiel,Robert Lanza
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-20
ISBN : 3319494791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book familiarizes the reader with the current landscape of cell-based therapies for the treatment of retinal disease, including diseases that affect the choriocapillaris, retinal pigment epithelium, photoreceptors, and retinal ganglion cells. Instead of utilizing a disease-centric approach to the topic, this book—edited by two world-renowned stem cell scientists—focuses on strategies for developing and transplanting the cells. This includes the creation of replacement cells, cell-based neuroprotection, and in vitro disease modeling and testing. The final chapters briefly review parallel approaches that do not directly utilize cellular transplantation. The use of cellular transplantation to treat retinal disease has recently become a viable and exciting therapeutic approach. The visibility of the retina and its laminar cellular architecture render it an ideal organ for the development of surgically delivered cellular therapies. Having an in-depth understanding of the current state of cell therapy for the eye is an essential first step toward utilizing similar approaches in other organs. Ophthalmologists, translational clinician-scientists, stem cell scientists, and researchers interested in eye disease will find Cellular Therapies for Retinal Disease: A Strategic Approach essential reading and it is also suitable for workshops or courses at the undergraduate or Ph.D. level.

Cell Based Therapy for Retinal Degenerative Disease

Cell Based Therapy for Retinal Degenerative Disease Book
Author : R.P. Casaroli-Marano,M.A. Zarbin
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2014-04-22
ISBN : 3318025852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume, some of the leading authorities present their exploration of applications of stem cell therapy to the treatment of major causes of blindness, including degenerative diseases and glaucoma. The diagnostic approach to patients, general concepts of cell-based therapy, immunological considerations, approaches to cell delivery (including engineered scaffolds), combined cell and gene therapy, nanomedicine applications to cell therapy and regulatory issues pertaining to manufacture and production are all considered in detail. The book serves as an excellent introduction to a field that is now entering early-stage clinical trials and promises to operate at the leading edge of regenerative medicine. Retina specialists, general ophthalmologists as well as researchers will find here a wealth of information on the translational aspects of cell-based therapies. Further, business executives and students interested in understanding the potential applications of stem cell therapy to retinal degenerative disease and glaucoma will also find this book informative reading.

Update on Mesenchymal and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Update on Mesenchymal and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Book
Author : Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-04-22
ISBN : 1789238072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents an updated overview on selected topics related to mesenchymal stem cells as well as induced pluripotent stem cells. The book is divided into three main sections that cover several topics including: sources of both stem cell types, their preparation and general properties, as well as their therapeutic indications and clinical utilization with particular attention given to their use in infectious diseases, osteoarthritis, as well as immunological disorders.

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Brain Diseases Book
Author : Vivi M. Heine,Stephanie Dooves,Dwayne Holmes,Judith Wagner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-11-24
ISBN : 9789400728158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain diseases can have a large impact on patients and society, and treatment is often not available. A new approach in which somatic cells are reprogrammed into induced pluripotent cells (iPS cells) is a significant breakthrough for regenerative medicine. This promises patient-specific tissue for replacement therapies, as well as disease-specific cells for developmental modeling and drug treatment screening. However, this method faces issues of low reprogramming efficiency, and poorly defined criteria for determining the conversion of one cell type to another. Cells contain epigenetic “memories” of what they were that can affect reprogramming. This book discusses the various methods to reprogram cells, the control and determination of cell identity, the epigenetic models that have emerged and the application of iPS cell therapy for brain diseases, in particular Parkinson’s disease and Vanishing White Matter (VWM).​

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells Volume 2

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells  Volume 2 Book
Author : M.A. Hayat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-17
ISBN : 9789400720169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As in volume 1 of this series, this volume presents information on stem cells and cancer stem cells; Therapeutic Applications in disease and tissue/organ injury. Methodologies of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering are major components of this volume. Specific stem cells discussed are: human embryonic stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, cord blood stem cells, human pluripotent stem cells, gliosarcoma stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, intestinal stem cells, human thyroid cancer stem cells, tumor stem cells, menstrual stem-like cells, neural stem cells, breast cancer stem cells, allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells, fetal membrane-derived mesemchynmal stem cells, and omental stem cells. The method for isolating bone marrow stromal cells is explained. Method for generating marmoset-induced pluripotent stem cells, using transcription factors, is also explained. Use of stem cell lines in therapeutic applications is discussed. Programming of stem cells is described. Methods for transplantation of stem cells are presented. Use of various types of stem cells for conditions such as stroke, ischemia, heart diseases, Alzhemier’s disease, and neurogenerative diseases in general, is explained. For example, generation of human cardiac muscle cells from adipose-derived stem cells is included. Another example is repairing bone defects using mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal-derived endothelial cells. Differentiation of new neurons from neural stem cells is described. Method for repairing retina condition using human embryonic stem cells is explained; these cells can induce neural differentiation. Treatment of graft-versus-host disease resulting from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is elaborated.