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Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers Book
Author : Alexey Kondyurin,Marcela Bilek
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-09-25
ISBN : 0080999182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers, Second Edition presents the results of polymer investigations and technique development in the field of polymer modification by high-energy ion beams. It shows how to use ion beam equipment in the polymer industry, as well as how to use it to produce new polymer materials. The authors, scientists and researchers active in the field, provide analysis and data from their work, and give an overview of related work by others. The authors focus on wetting, adhesion, hardness, chemical activity, environmental stability, biocompatibility, new synthesis methods, and space flight construction. The technologies of material modification by a beam of high energy ions have wide applications in different fields, from microelectronics to medicine. Historically, ion beam treatment of polymers had fewer applications due to high costs of ion beam equipment and low costs of polymer materials. The modern development of new pulse sources with a high current density and wide ion beams increase the effectiveness of ion beam technology for polymers. Collates data from many scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation, and in development and production of ion beam equipment Covers industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers Integrates physical and chemical aspects of the processes in polymers treated by ion beams

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers 2nd Edition

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers  2nd Edition Book
Author : Alexey Kondyurin,Marcela Bilek
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers, Second Edition presents the results of polymer investigations and technique development in the field of polymer modification by high-energy ion beams. It shows how to use ion beam equipment in the polymer industry, as well as how to use it to produce new polymer materials. The authors, scientists and researchers active in the field, provide analysis and data from their work, and give an overview of related work by others. The authors focus on wetting, adhesion, hardness, chemical activity, environmental stability, biocompatibility, new synthesis methods, and space flight construction. The technologies of material modification by a beam of high energy ions have wide applications in different fields, from microelectronics to medicine. Historically, ion beam treatment of polymers had fewer applications due to high costs of ion beam equipment and low costs of polymer materials. The modern development of new pulse sources with a high current density and wide ion beams increase the effectiveness of ion beam technology for polymers. Collates data from many scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation, and in development and production of ion beam equipment Covers industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers Integrates physical and chemical aspects of the processes in polymers treated by ion beams.

VRB Wirtschaftsreform

VRB  Wirtschaftsreform Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download VRB Wirtschaftsreform book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers Book
Author : Alexey Kondyurin,Marcela Bilek
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-07
ISBN : 9780080556741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer materials are used in different fields of industries, from microelectronice to medicine. Ion beam implantation is method of surface modification when surface properties must be significantly changed and bulk properties of material must be saved. Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers contains results of polymer investigations and techniques development in the field of polymer modification by high energy ion beams. This book is intended for specialists in polymer science who have interest to use an ion beam treatment for improvement of polymer properties, for specialists in physics who search a new application of ion beam and plasma equipment and also for students who look for future fields of high technology. Chapter 1-3 are devoted to overview of the basic processes at high energy ion penetration into solid target. The historical aspects and main physical aspects are covered. A basic equipment principles and main producers of equipment for ion beam treatment are considered. Chapter 4 contains chemical transformations in polymers during and after high energy ion penetration. The modern methods and results of experimental and theoretical investigation are described. Chapters 5-10 are devoted to properties of polymers after ion beam treatment, regimes of treatment, available applications, in particular: increase of adhesion of polymers and a mechanism of an adhesion increase, wetting angle of polymer by water and its stability, adhesion of cells on polymer surface, drug release regulation from polymer coating and others. Chapter 11 contains our last results on polymerisation processes in liquid oligomer composition under high vacuum, plasma and ion beam conditions as simulation of free space environment. * By scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation and in development and production of ion beam equipment * Covering industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers * Also for students with an interest in future fields of high technology

Progress in Adhesion Adhesives Volume 5

Progress in Adhesion Adhesives  Volume 5 Book
Author : K. L. Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-28
ISBN : 1119749875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the ever-increasing amount of research being published, it is a Herculean task to be fully conversant with the latest research developments in any field, and the arena of adhesion and adhesives is no exception. Thus, topical review articles provide an alternate and very efficient way to stay abreast of the state-of-the-art in many subjects representing the field of adhesion science and adhesives. Based on the success of the preceding volumes in this series “Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives”, the present volume comprises 13 review articles published in Volume 7 (2019) of Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives. The subjects of these review articles fall into the following areas: Adhesively bonded joints Adhesives (including bioadhesives) and their applications Nanocomposite polymer adhesives Polymer surface modification Wettability and surface free energy Adhesion of bacteria The topics covered include: Adhesion behavior of plasma treated steel and its alloys; debonding on demand of adhesively bonded joints; bioadhesive polymers; adhesives in the footwear industry; nanocomposite polymer adhesives; ion beam treatment of polymer surfaces to enhance adhesion; natural to artificial non-wettable surfaces and applications; plasma oxidation of polyolefins; wettability and surface free energy characterization of textiles; bioadhesive nanoformulations; laser-assisted tailoring of surface wettability; functionally graded adhesively bonded joints; adhesion of colloids and bacteria to porous media.

Fundamentals of Ion Irradiated Polymers

Fundamentals of Ion Irradiated Polymers Book
Author : Dietmar Fink
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-10-20
ISBN : 9783540040279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will provide scientists and engineers with an improved understanding of the rapidly growing field of ion/polymer interaction and its future technological potential.

Ion Beam Technology Applications Study ion Impact Implantation and Surface Finishing

Ion Beam Technology Applications Study   ion Impact  Implantation  and Surface Finishing  Book
Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-08-13
ISBN : 9781725014572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Specific perceptions and possible ion beam technology applications were obtained as a result of a literature search and contact interviews with various institutions and individuals which took place over a 5-month period. The use of broad beam electron bombardment ion sources is assessed for materials deposition, removal, and alteration. Special techniques examined include: (1) cleaning, cutting, and texturing for surface treatment; (2) crosslinking of polymers, stress relief in deposited layers, and the creation of defect states in crystalline material by ion impact; and (3) ion implantation during epitaxial growth and the deposition of neutral materials sputtered by the ion beam. The aspects, advantages, and disadvantages of ion beam technology and the competitive role of alternative technologies are discussed. Sellen, J. M., Jr. and Zafran, S. and Komatsu, G. K. Unspecified Center NASA-CR-159437, TRW-32100-6009-RU-00 NAS3-21027...

Engineering Thin Films and Nanostructures with Ion Beams

Engineering Thin Films and Nanostructures with Ion Beams Book
Author : Emile Knystautas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420028294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While ion-beam techniques have been used to create thin films in the semiconductor industry for several decades, these methods have been too costly for other surface treatment applications. However, as manufacturing devices become increasingly smaller, the use of a directed-energy ion beam is finding novel industrial applications that require the custom tailoring of new materials and devices, including magnetic storage devices, photonics, opto-electronics, and molecular transport. Engineering Thin Films and Nanostructures with Ion Beams offers a thorough narrative of the recent advances that make this technology relevant to current and future applications. Featuring internationally recognized researchers, the book compiles their expertise in a multidimensional source that: Highlights the mechanisms and visual evidence of the effects of single-ion impacts on metallic surfaces Considers how ion-beam techniques can help achieve higher disk-drive densities Introduces gas-cluster ion-beam technology and reviews its precedents Explains how ion beams are used to aggregate metals and semiconductors into nanoclusters with nonlinear optical properties Addresses current challenges in building equipment needed to produce nanostructures in an industrial setting Examines the combination of ion-beam techniques, particularly with physical vapor deposition Delineates the fabrication of nanopillars, nanoflowers, and interconnected nanochannels in three dimensions by using atomic shadowing techniques Illustrates the production of nanopores of varying dimensions in polymer films, alloys, and superconductors using ion-beam irradiation Shows how fingerprints can be made more reliable as forensic evidence by recoil-mixing them into the substrate using ion beams From the basics of the ion-beam modification of materials to state-of-the-art applications, Engineering Th

Polymer Based Multifunctional Nanocomposites and Their Applications

Polymer Based Multifunctional Nanocomposites and Their Applications Book
Author : John Zhanhu Guo,Kenan Song,Chuntai Liu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 0128150688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer-Based Multifunctional Nanocomposites and Their Applications provides an up-to-date review of the latest advances and developments in the field of polymer nanocomposites. It will serve as a one-stop reference resource on important research accomplishments in the area of multifunctional nanocomposites, with a particular emphasis placed on the use of nanofillers and different functionality combinations. Edited and written by an expert team of researchers in the field, the book provides a practical analysis of functional polymers, nanoscience, and nanotechnology in important and developing areas, such as transportation engineering, mechanical systems, aerospace manufacturing, construction materials, and more. The book covers both theory and experimental results regarding the relationships between the effective properties of polymer composites and those of polymer matrices and reinforcements. Presents a thorough and up-to-date review of the latest advances and developments in the field of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites Integrates coverage of fundamentals, research and development, and the range of applications for multifunctional polymers and their composites, such as in the automotive, aerospace, biomedical and electrical industries Supports further technological developments by discussing both theory and real world experimental data from academia and industry

Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment

Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment Book
Author : Jacob Kleiman,Masahito Tagawa,Yugo Kimoto
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-22
ISBN : 3642302297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goals of the 10th International Space Conference on “Protection of Materials and Structures from Space Environment” ICPMSE-10J, since its inception in 1992, have been to facilitate exchanges between members of the various engineering and science disciplines involved in the development of space materials, including aspects of LEO, GEO and Deep Space environments, ground-based qualification, and in-flight experiments and lessons learned from operational vehicles that are closely interrelated to disciplines of the atmospheric sciences, solar-terrestrial interactions and space life sciences. The knowledge of environmental conditions on and around the Moon, Mars, Venus and the low Earth orbit as well as other possible candidates for landing such as asteroids have become an important issue, and protecting both hardware and human life from the effects of space environments has taken on a new meaning in light of the increased interest in space travel and colonization of other planets. And while many material experiments have been carried out on the ground and in open space in the last 50 years (LDEF, MEEP, SARE, MISSE, AOP, DSPSE, ESEM, EURECA, HST, MDIM, MIS, MPID, MPAC and SEED), many questions regarding the environmental impact of space on materials remain either poorly understood or unanswered. The coming generations of scientists will have to continue this work and tackle new challenges, continuing to build the level of confidence humans will need to continue the colonization of space. It is hoped that the proceedings of the ICPMSE-10J presented in this book will constitute a small contribution to doing so.

Hydrophilic Polymer Coatings for Medical Devices

Hydrophilic Polymer Coatings for Medical Devices Book
Author : Richard J. LaPorte
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-04-03
ISBN : 9781566765046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new text provides a practical guide to hydrophilic polymer coatings technology for applications in a wide range of medical materials and devices. It concisely provides both the scientific basics of this class of polymers and the up-to-date information needed for product development and evaluation, processing, manufacturing, and regulatory compliance. More than fifty schematics illustrate materials, processes, and equipment. The entire presentation is oriented to the practical needs of personnel involved in product development and evaluation, process engineering, and manufacturing management.

Polymer Surface Modification Relevance to Adhesion

Polymer Surface Modification  Relevance to Adhesion Book
Author : Kash L. Mittal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-26
ISBN : 9047414160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book documents the proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion held under the auspices of MST Conferences, LLC in Orlando, FL, June 9-11, 2003. Polymers are used for a variety of purposes in a host of technological applications and even a cursory look at the literature will evince that currently there is tremendous interest and R&D activity in the area of polymer surface modification to attain their desired surface characteristics, particularly to enhance their adhesion. This volume contains a total of 25 papers which were properly peer reviewed, revised and edited. So this book is not merely a collection of papers, rather represents the highest standard of publication. The book is divided into three parts: 1. Plasma Surface Modification Techniques; 2. Other / Miscellaneous Surface Modification Techniques; and 3. General Papers. The topics covered include: low pressure plasma surface modification of a variety of polymers using various gases; atmospheric pressure plasma treatment; improvement of stain release properties of fabrics; modification of electrostatic properties of polymers; photon-based processes for surface modification of fibers; excimer UV light treatment; excimer laser surface treatment; low-energy ion treatment; photo-grafting and photo-curing; metallization of treated polymers; chemical (wet) functionalization of polymers; adhesion of paints to thermoplastic substrates; polymer release surfaces; nanolithography in polymer films; gas barrier properties of ceramic layers on polymers; and modification of interphase layer and relevance to adhesion. This volume and its predecessors containing plentiful information should serve as a comprehensive source of latest R&D activity in the highly technologically important arena of polymer surface modification. Anyone interested –centrally or peripherally– in knowing or learning about the various ways to modify polymer surfaces should find this book of immense value.

SUPER HARD SURFACED POLYMERS

SUPER HARD SURFACED POLYMERS  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High energy ion beam surface treatments were applied to a selected group of polymers. Of the six materials in the present study, four were thermoplastics (polycarbonate, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate, and polystyrene) and two were thermosets (epoxy and polyimide). The particular epoxy evaluated in this work is one of the resins used in formulating fiber reinforced composites for military helicopter blades. Measures of mechanical properties of the near surface regions were obtained by nanoindentation hardness and pin on disk wear. Attempts were also made to measure erosion resistance by particle impact. All materials were hardness tested. Pristine materials were very soft, having values in the range of approximately 0.1 to 0.5 GPa. Ion beam treatment increased hardness by up to 50 times compared to untreated materials. For reference, all materials were hardened to values higher than those typical of stainless steels. Wear tests were carried out on three of the materials, PET, PI and epoxy. On the ion beam treated epoxy no wear could be detected, whereas the untreated material showed significant wear.

Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications

Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications Book
Author : Shalaby W. Shalaby,Ulrich Salz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-11-20
ISBN : 1420003372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances not only in the creation of new polymers but also in their processing and production have ushered in huge strides in a variety of biomedical and clinical areas. Orthopedics and dentistry are two such areas that benefit immensely from developments in polymer science and technology. Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications examines the most current topics in this expanding field with an emphasis on technological evolution and clinical impacts. Surveying major progress in polymer science and technology for dental, maxillofacial, and orthopedic applications, this book provides a unique illustration of the conceptual development of novel biomaterials and processes designed to meet targeted clinical needs. Two preeminent scientists lead a close-knit team of international experts with extensive experience in product development, bioengineering, education, and clinical applications. Ranging from polymeric materials for dental and maxillofacial application to joint repair and replacement, polymeric composites, and tissue engineering, the book also examines topics that are common to both dental and orthopedic fields, such as osseointegration and infection management. Explore the current status and future possibilities of polymeric biomaterials in Polymers for Dental and Orthopedic Applications. A unique blend of technical information and practical insight, this reference fosters the continued growth of a critically important field.

Metallization of Polymers 2

Metallization of Polymers 2 Book
Author : Edward Sacher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461505631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the demands put on the polymer/metal interface, particularly by the microelectronics industry, become more and more severe, the necessity for understanding this interface, its properties and its limitations, becomes more and more essential. This requires a broad knowledge of, and a familiarity with, the latest findings in this rapidly advancing field. At the very least, such familiarity requires an exchange of infonnation, particularly among those intimately involved in this field. Communications among many of us in this area have made one fact quite obvious: the facilities provided by existing organizations, scientific and otherwise, do not offer the forum necessary to accomplish this exchange of infonnation. It was for this reason that Jean-Jacques Pireaux, Steven Kowalczyk and I organized the first Metallization of Polymers, a symposium sponsored by the American Chemical Society, which took place in Montreal, September 25-28, 1989; the Proceedings from that symposium were published as ACS Symposium Series 440, (1990). It is this same per ceived lack of a proper forum, and the encouragement of my colleagues, that prompted me to organize this meeting, so as to bring to the attention of the participants new instruments, materials, methods, advances, and, particularly, thoughts in the field of polymer metalliza tion. The meeting was designed as a workshop, with time being made available throughout for discussion and for the consideration of new findings.

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing Book
Author : Melih Gunay
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-01-16
ISBN : 9535108921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human genetics is the medical field with the most rapid progress. This book aims to provide an overview on some of the latest developments in several genetic diseases. It contains 14 chapters focused on various genetic disorders addressing epidemiology, etiology, molecular basis and novel treatment options for these diseases. The chapters were written by 41 collaborators, from 8 different countries in Europe, Asia, and America, with great expertise in their field. Chapters are heterogeneous, offering a welcomed personalized view on each particular subject. The book does not offer a systematic overview of human genetic disorders. However, they are a valuable resource for medical practitioners, researchers, biologists and students in various medical sciences.

Polymer Microscopy

Polymer Microscopy Book
Author : Linda Sawyer,David T. Grubb,Gregory F. Meyers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-24
ISBN : 9780387726281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This extensively updated and revised Third Edition is a comprehensive and practical guide to the study of the microstructure of polymers. It is the result of the authors' many years of academic and industrial experience. Introductory chapters deal with the basic concepts of both polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging theory. The core of the book is more applied, with many examples of specimen preparation and image interpretation leading to materials characterization. Emerging techniques such as compositional mapping in which microscopy is combined with spectroscopy are considered. The book closes with a problem solving guide.

Polymer Adhesion Friction and Lubrication

Polymer Adhesion  Friction  and Lubrication Book
Author : Hongbo Zeng
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-07
ISBN : 1118505131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Specifically dedicated to polymer and biopolymer systems, Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication guides readers to the scratch, wear, and lubrication properties of polymers and the engineering applications, from biomedical research to automotive engineering. Author Hongbo Zeng details different experimental and theoretical methods used to probe static and dynamic properties of polymer materials and biomacromolecular systems. Topics include the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to analyze nanotribology, polymer thin films and brushes, nanoparticles, rubber and tire technology, synovial joint lubrication, adhesion in paper products, bioMEMS, and electrorheological fluids.