Skip to main content

Investing In Disaster Risk Reduction For Resilience

In Order to Read Online or Download Investing In Disaster Risk Reduction For Resilience Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience Book
Author : A. Nuno Martins,Jose Manuel Mendes,Jo Rose,Gonzalo Lizarralde,Temitope Egbelakin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 0128187352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Successful applications in the field of disaster risk reduction require interdisciplinary, coordinated action. Current literature focuses on comprehensive understandings of processes critical to risk reduction but lack in-depth discussions that put this accumulated knowledge into actionable tools for decision-making. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience is based on the third principle of the Sendai Framework. The UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR (disaster risk reduction) 2015-2030 is a recently adopted global agreement focused on reducing disaster risk. The Sendai Framework emphasizes that the State holds the primary responsibility in reducing risk but argues for the additional involvement of relevant stakeholders to address challenges in the policy and practice of building resilience strategies. The framework has four key principles: Understanding disaster risk Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction This book discusses specific aspects of the third principle, including both public and private investment in disaster risk prevention/reduction through structural and non-structural measures. By presenting these multilevel investment strategies, the book offers methods for increasing the resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages for poor, migrating, or displaced populations during post humanitarian crises. This emphasis of increasing resilience of heritage and culture is unique compared to the current literature. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses ways to increase resilience in humanitarian crises after disasters Provides considerations for resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity, and complexity

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood Book
Author : Ian Davis,Kae Yanagisawa,Kristalina Georgieva
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 1317578538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The prevalence of natural disasters in recent years has highlighted the importance of preparing adequately for disasters and dealing efficiently with their consequences. This book addresses how countries can enhance their resilience against natural disasters and move towards economic growth and sustainable development. Covering a wide range of issues, it shows how well thought-out measures can be applied to minimize the impacts of disasters in a variety of situations. Starting with the need for coping with a rapidly changing global environment, the book goes on to demonstrate ways to strengthen awareness of the effectiveness of preventive measures, including in the reconstruction phase. The book also covers the roles played by different actors as well as tools and technologies for improved disaster risk reduction. It focuses on a variety of case studies from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, drawing out lessons that can be applied internationally. This book will be of great interest to professionals in disaster management, including national governments, donors, communities/citizens, NGOs and private sector. It will also be a highly valuable resource for students and researchers in disaster management and policy, development studies and economics.

Investing in Resilience

Investing in Resilience Book
Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9290929502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Investing in Resilience: Ensuring a Disaster-Resistant Future focuses on the steps required to ensure that investment in disaster resilience happens and that it occurs as an integral, systematic part of development. At-risk communities in Asia and the Pacific can apply a wide range of policy, capacity, and investment instruments and mechanisms to ensure that disaster risk is properly assessed, disaster risk is reduced, and residual risk is well managed. Yet, real progress in strengthening resilience has been slow to date and natural hazards continue to cause significant loss of life, damage, and disruption in the region, undermining inclusive, sustainable development. Investing in Resilience offers an approach and ideas for reflection on how to achieve disaster resilience. It does not prescribe specific courses of action but rather establishes a vision of a resilient future. It stresses the interconnectedness and complementarity of possible actions to achieve disaster resilience across a wide range of development policies, plans, legislation, sectors, and themes. The vision shows how resilience can be accomplished through the coordinated action of governments and their development partners in the private sector, civil society, and the international community. The vision encourages “investors” to identify and prioritize bundles of actions that collectively can realize that vision of resilience, breaking away from the current tendency to pursue disparate and fragmented disaster risk management measures that frequently trip and fall at unforeseen hurdles. Investing in Resilience aims to move the disaster risk reduction debate beyond rhetoric and to help channel commitments into investment, incentives, funding, and practical action

Strong Safe and Resilient

Strong  Safe  and Resilient Book
Author : Abhas K. Jha,Zuzana Stanton-Geddes
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 0821398318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Disaster risk management is essential in the fight against poverty. Disasters can, in an instant, wipe out decades of hard-fought poverty reduction and development gains and push countless households into poverty. Disasters disproportionally affect the poor: Vulnerable and marginalized groups, including women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities, are at particular risk. East Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster-stricken region in the world, suffering from small recurrent as well as rare high-impact events. East Asia is rapidly urbanizing, and cities are becoming disaster hotspots. Unplanned or poorly planned urbanization, which puts more people and assets in harm’s way, is the single largest driver of disaster risk. There is deep uncertainty about future disaster and climate risks, challenging our ability to adapt to new developments and changing the physical and natural environment. Decision makers can make a significant difference by effectively managing disaster risk and building resilience. With education and communication, preparedness, and investments, urbanization can be channeled as a tremendous positive force for development. By decreasing disaster exposure and vulnerability through systematic assessments and communication of risks, better land-use planning, and many other practical measures, the impacts of natural hazards can be reduced significantly. At the same time, it is necessary to recognize that the risks of disasters cannot be entirely eliminated, and countries need to plan for failure by considering different scenarios, especially within complex systems and networks. Preventive investments in risk reduction and emergency preparedness can be extremely cost-effective and can greatly reduce the impact of natural hazards. Governments can prioritize actions based on informed decisions about the level of risk to reduce the risks from disasters. Public investments, such as early-warning systems, retrofitting of critical infrastructure at risk, and mainstreaming systematic risk assessments into relevant public investment planning processes, can help to reduce poverty and promote sustainable economic growth. The World Bank supports countries around the world in mainstreaming a comprehensive and integrated approach to disaster risk management into development. The World Bank provides analytical and advisory services, helps to build climate and disaster resilience into core investments across sectors, and offers unique financial solutions to better manage the contingent fiscal risks from disasters.

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards Book
Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-09
ISBN : 1351681230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

Climate Change and Ocean Governance

Climate Change and Ocean Governance Book
Author : Paul G. Harris
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 1108422489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Multidisciplinary edited volume on policy dimensions of climate change for the world's oceans, for researchers, policymakers and activists.

GI for Disaster Management

GI for Disaster Management Book
Author : Orhan Altan,Tullio Joseph Tanzi,Madhu Chandra
Publisher : Mdpi AG
Release : 2020-08-25
ISBN : 9783039368242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Each year, disasters such as storms, floods, fires, volcanoes, earthquakes, and epidemics cause thousands of casualties and tremendous damage to property around the world, displacing tens of thousands of people from their homes and destroying their livelihoods. The majority of these casualties and property loss could be prevented if better information were available regarding the onset and course of such disasters. Several remote sensing technologies, such as meteorological and Earth observation satellites, communication satellites, and satellite-based positioning, supported by geoinformation technologies, offer the potential to contribute to improved prediction and monitoring of potential hazards, risk mitigation, and disaster management which, in turn, would lead to sharp reductions in losses to life and property. This book explores most of the scientific issues related to spatially supported disaster management and its integration with geographical information system technologies in different disaster examples and scales. Dealing with disasters over space and time represents a long-lasting theme, now approached by means of innovative techniques and modelling approaches. Several priorities for actions are outlined toward preventing new and reduce existing disaster risks, including understanding disaster risk, strengthening disaster risk governance for management of disaster risk, investing in disaster reduction for resilience, and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response. This book presents ideas to address the challenges facing different components of spatial patterns related to ecological processes, and the published articles extended versions of selected presentations from the Gi4DM Conference in 2019 in Prague.

The Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2015

The Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2015 Book
Author : United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2016-02-29
ISBN : 921057608X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The world's most disaster-prone region has witnessed natural disasters that affected development. Building resilience to natural disasters is crucial. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) must be integrated into national development planning. This report assesses the state of resilience in the region, and disaster-related goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It highlights drought and reviews information management that would equip many countries in providing the right information to the right people at the right time, paying attention to the need to integrate DRR into development planning and government. The goal is to build resilience towards achieving sustainable development.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128127120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Hydrometeorological Hazards

Hydrometeorological Hazards Book
Author : Philippe Quevauviller
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 111862954X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Recent hydrometeorological extreme events have highlighted the increased exposure and vulnerability of societies and the need to strengthen the knowledge-base of related policies. Current research is focused on improving forecasting, prediction and early warning capabilities in order to improve the assessment of vulnerability and risks linked to extreme climatic events. Hydrometeorological Hazards: Interfacing science and policy is the first volume of a series which will gather scientific and policy-related knowledge related to climate-related extreme events. Invited authors are internationally recognized experts in their respective fields. This volume reflects the most recent advances in science and policy within this field and takes a multidisciplinary approach. The book provides the reader with a state-of-the art account on flash floods, droughts, storms, and a comprehensive discussion focused on the cost of natural hazards, resilience and adaptation. This book will be an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates taking courses with a focus on natural hazards including climate-related extreme events. The book will also be of interest to postgraduates, researchers and policy makers in this field looking for an overview of the subject.

Disaster Management and Private Sectors

Disaster Management and Private Sectors Book
Author : Takako Izumi,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-13
ISBN : 4431554149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book draws upon case studies and practices of different types of DRR involvement by the private sector from all over the world. The book comprises two parts, Part I: Overview and Regional Cases; and Part II: Country Cases. The regional cases include those from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Central America, and the country cases include ones from India, Japan, the United States, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Nepal. DRR at the international level is discussed from the perspective of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The perspective of the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is presented in the discussion of DRR at the societal level. The private sector is becoming more active in disaster management and plays an important role in distributing relief items and sending search and rescue teams in the response phase. However, once the response stage is over, private sector involvement tends to fade. While a number of disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives by the private sector are documented, they remain limited. The private sector can contribute enormously to DRR by developing business continuity plans, innovating technology for early warning systems, and providing and sharing technical knowledge, skills, and resources in the field of disaster preparedness. To strengthen DRR capacity, it is crucial to involve the private sector as major actors in DRR. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of disaster management and DRR studies. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the collective knowledge from this work to policy and decision making. The book provides an overview of the current research trends and furnishes basic knowledge on this important topic.

Natural Disasters and Climate Change

Natural Disasters and Climate Change Book
Author : Stéphane Hallegatte
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-17
ISBN : 3319089331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book explores economic concepts related to disaster losses, describes mechanisms that determine the economic consequences of a disaster, and reviews methodologies for making decisions regarding risk management and adaptation. The author addresses the need for better understanding of the consequences of disasters and reviews and analyzes three scientific debates on linkage between disaster risk management and adaptation to climate change. The first involves the existence and magnitude of long-term economic impact of natural disasters on development. The second is the disagreement over whether any development is the proper solution to high vulnerability to disaster risk. The third debate involves the difficulty of drawing connections between natural disasters and climate change and the challenge in managing them through an integrated strategy. The introduction describes economic views of disaster, including direct and indirect costs, output and welfare losses, and use of econometric tools to measure losses. The next section defines disaster risk, delineates between “good” and “bad” risk-taking, and discusses a pathway to balanced growth. A section entitled “Trends in Hazards and the Role of Climate Change” sets scenarios for climate change analysis, discusses statistical and physical models for downscaling global climate scenarios to extreme event scenarios, and considers how to consider extremes of hot and cold, storms, wind, drought and flood. Another section analyzes case studies on hurricanes and the US coastline; sea-level rises and storm surge in Copenhagen; and heavy precipitation in Mumbai. A section on Methodologies for disaster risk management includes a study on cost-benefit analysis of coastal protections in New Orleans, and one on early-warning systems in developing countries. The next section outlines decision-making in disaster risk management, including robust decision-making, No-regret and No-risk strategies; and strategies that reduce time horizons for decision-making. Among the conclusions is the assertion that risk management policies must recognize the benefits of risk-taking and avoid suppressing it entirely. The main message is that a combination of disaster-risk-reduction, resilience-building and adaptation policies can yield large potential gains and synergies.

Towards Seismic Resilience

Towards Seismic Resilience Book
Author : Maryia Markhvida
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Understanding disaster risk is an integral aspect of disaster risk management, and it is essential for efficient risk reduction investments. Regional disaster risk assessment frameworks, including seismic risk analysis, are commonly used to quantify disaster risk and inform risk reduction strategies. However, few of the frameworks are able to quantify the full extent of disaster consequences especially as related to household recovery and the disproportionate effect on the socioeconomically vulnerable population. This dissertation proposes a set of new computational methods along various steps of the seismic risk assessment process and lays out the overall methodology for quantifying disaster impacts on the society considering the entire recovery process. This is achieved by integrating and leveraging analytical tools from other fields, namely, geostatistics, real estate investment, macroeconomics, and welfare economics. The dissertation first proposes a framework for simulating spatially distributed ground motions at multiple intensity measures. The framework allows modelers to rapidly simulate multiple realizations of earthquake ground motion intensity, which are required for regional risk assessments. Furthermore, the research investigates post-earthquake decisions on damaged commercial buildings considering the influence of real estate market conditions. An investment decision model for individual buildings that unifies seismic performance estimation and real estate investment analysis is proposed and applied to four commercial buildings in the Los Angeles area. Results suggest that the state of the real estate market has a significant influence on decisions and recovery trajectories of commercial buildings. Finally, this dissertation integrates regional probabilistic seismic risk analysis, which quantifies asset losses, with an economic recovery model to estimate the overall economic impact of a large earthquake on the San Francisco Bay Area. In addition to quantifying changes in economic output, this approach gives insight into changes in income and employment across different economic sectors. The results of this analysis are combined with information on income, employment sector, housing values, savings, mortgage, rent, and insurance of households across the Bay Area, to calculate consumption changes throughout the recovery. Furthermore, well-being losses (i.e., changes in the utility of consumption over the recovery period) are calculated and analyzed for different socioeconomic groups. Well-being losses, unlike asset losses which use absolute monetary values, are able to reflect the differential impact that a loss in consumption of $1 has on a low income versus a high income household. The analysis reveals that poorer households suffer only 19% of the overall physical asset losses, but experience 41% of the well-being losses. Well-being losses also extend over a larger region than that of severe asset losses, requiring design of policies to help people recover, in addition to reducing asset losses. We evaluate several pre- and post-disaster risk reduction strategies in terms of their effect on both asset and well-being losses and examine their efficacy across different socioeconomic groups. The tools developed in this dissertation are meant to be used by researchers, practitioners, and government agencies to understand the extent of the disaster risk. They can help policymakers identify vulnerable groups within their community who might require pre- and post-disaster assistance, and design efficient investment strategies for disaster resilience considering socioeconomic characteristics and vulnerabilities of the population at risk.

Disaster Risk Governance in India and Cross Cutting Issues

Disaster Risk Governance in India and Cross Cutting Issues Book
Author : Indrajit Pal,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-02
ISBN : 9811033102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides an analytical discussion of the status of disaster risk reduction and governance in an Indian context, drawing examples and lessons from the output of the national and regional level programs and projects and from other relevant experiences in the country. Different types of disasters faced by Indian states are covered, including geophysical and hydrometeorological hazards. The book incorporates and draws upon some of the key lessons from the pre-disaster phase through the disaster phase and finally to the post-disaster phase, thus establishing an effective framework in the form of key lessons learned. The rich content of the book is based on contributions from various stakeholders, from academicians and practitioners to decision makers and nongovernment organizations related to disaster risk management systems in an Indian context. Special emphasis is given to analyzing field experiences from academic perspectives and pointing out key issues along with the relevance of risk governance of disaster risk reduction. The book works as a comprehensive reference in disaster risk governance for disaster managers in India and other countries. The book has 19 chapters organized into four parts. Part I provides the outline and basics of disaster risk governance perspectives at the national level with supporting examples from a global point of view. Part II specifically emphasizes the detailed perspectives on risk governance at the regional and local levels. Part III is devoted to approaches and issues of disaster risk governance and development at various levels, stressing the practices and clear examples of disaster risk governance, policy options, institutional organization, risk-reduction strategies, and key lessons learned. Finally, Part IV highlights risk reduction and cross-cutting issues, focusing on risk mitigation and scientific intervention for disaster risk reduction.

Building resilience for food and nutrition security Highlights from the 2020 conference

Building resilience for food and nutrition security  Highlights from the 2020 conference Book
Author : Heidi Fritschel,Rajul Pandya-Lorch,Sivan Yosef,Laura Zseleczky
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2014-07-24
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This synopsis presents highlights from the international conference “Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security,” organized by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and its 2020 Vision Initiative. This global policy consultation was designed to inform, influence, and catalyze action by policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, the private sector, educators, researchers, and communities themselves to incorporate resilience into the post-2015 agenda and improve policies, investments, and institutions to strengthen resilience so that food and nutrition security can be achieved for all. Experts and practitioners from the resilience and vulnerability communities, as well as food and nutrition security, agriculture, humanitarian, and related development sectors came together to assess emerging shocks that threaten food and nutrition security, discuss approaches and tools for building resilience, identify knowledge and action gaps, and set priorities for action on this critical issue. For more information on the conference and its associated activities and products, including papers and briefs, lead-up and follow-up events, videos, posters, a collaborative bibliography, and much more, go to: www.2020resilience.ifpri.info | #2020resilience

The Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Including Climate Change Adaptation

The Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Including Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Ilan Kelman,Jessica Mercer,JC Gaillard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-19
ISBN : 1317408640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The Routledge Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Including Climate Change Adaptation aims to provide an overview and critique of the current state of knowledge, policy, and practice, encouraging engagement, and reflection on bringing the two sectors together. This long-awaited and welcomed volume makes a compelling case that a common research agenda and a series of practical policies and policy recommendations can and should be put in place. Over 40 contributions explore DRR including CCA in five parts. The first part presents and interrogates much of the typical vocabulary seen in DRR including CCA, not only pointing out the useful and not-so-useful dimensions, but also providing alternatives and positive examples. The second part explains how to move forward creating and supporting positive crossovers and connections, while the third one explores some aspects of multi-dimensional approaches to knowing and understanding. The fourth part argues for a balanced approach to governance, taking both governmental and non-governmental governance, as well as different scales of governance, into consideration. The final part of the Handbook emphasises DRR including CCA as an investment, rather than a cost, and connects its further implementation with livelihoods of people around the world. This handbook highlights the connections amongst the processes of dealing with disasters and dealing with climate change. It demonstrates how little climate change brings which is new and emphasises the strengths of placing climate change within wider contexts in order to draw on all our strengths while overcoming limitations with specialities. It will prove to be a valuable guide for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, academics, policy makers, and practitioners with an interest in disaster risk reduction and climate change.

Beyond One Bad Day

Beyond One Bad Day Book
Author : Kathryn Erina Keefe
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Despite the rise in extreme weather events, communities in the U.S. tend to underinvest in disaster risk management and resilience efforts. This is due in part to prohibitively high costs, which are not justified by the traditional method of determining the benefits of such investment. The benefits of resilience are often unclear, distant, and limited to a narrow understanding of a project's impact. Infrastructure and program investments can offer social, economic, and environmental co-benefits that extend beyond a project's disaster risk reduction and help to meet community needs every day, not just during the rare occurrence of a disaster. Decision-makers need a way to incorporate co-benefits into the evaluation of these investments. However, a standard methodology to assess quantitative and qualitative value of community resilience co-benefits does not exist. The Department of Housing and Development offered a way to resolve the current disconnect between project costs and benefits in a novel requirement for the one-time National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC) of 2014-2015. The NDRC required forty U.S. state, county, and city applicants to develop a qualitative benefit-cost analysis (BCA), encouraging consideration of the hard-to-quantify benefits. This thesis analyzes the perception of social, economic, and environmental co-benefits by these communities as reported through the competition BCAs. It examines which co-benefits were identified across proposals and to what extent assessment methodologies were applied to quantify them. The findings and recommendations in this thesis build the foundation of a standard framework for resilience co-benefits. Through adaption of the traditional BCA model, decision-makers will ultimately be empowered to strengthen the case for resilience investment in their communities.

Building Urban Resilience

Building Urban Resilience Book
Author : Abhas K. Jha,Todd W. Miner,Zuzana Stanton-Geddes
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 0821398261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This handbook is a resource for enhancing disaster resilience in urban areas. It summarizes the guiding principles, tools, and practices in key economic sectors that can facilitate incorporation of resilience concepts into decisions about infrastructure investments and urban management that are integral to reducing disaster and climate risks.

The Global Partnership for Development at a Critical Juncture

The Global Partnership for Development at a Critical Juncture Book
Author : MDG Gap Task Force
Publisher :
Release : 2010
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In September 2010, world leaders will take stock of MDG achievements to date at the High-level Plenary Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly. Much progress has been made since 2000, but there is still a great deal more to be achieved in order to fulfill the promise of the MDGs. In this sense, The global partnership for development stands at a critical juncture, with only five years left until the 2015 deadline to delivery on the commitments made and to achieve the MDGs. Remaining gaps are still very large and there have been setbacks because of the global food, energy and financial crises. The deadline for commitments in a number of crucial areas (including increased aid volume, improved aid effectiveness, And The conclusion of the Doha Round of trade negotiations) is 2010, but there is little prospect of successful delivery. The 2010 issue of the report identifies the implementation gaps in the commitments made under MDG 8 and provides recommendations on how to address them, On strengthening the global partnership, and ultimately supporting developing countries in achieving the MDGs

Drought risk reduction in agriculture

Drought risk reduction in agriculture Book
Author : Cenacchi, Nicola
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2014-09-15
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This report is a component of the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS)–-funded project “Impacts of Climate Extremes on Future Water and Food Security in South Asia and East Africa.” The goal of the project was to characterize extreme drought events, to improve on a methodology to assess the probability of these events in the future under climate change, to illustrate their impacts, and to provide suggestions on coping strategies. The present report sets the stage for the overall project by undertaking a review of the causes of vulnerability to drought in East Africa and the western Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) of South Asia, and discussing the options to increase resilience to drought in the agricultural sector. Agriculture is a high-risk endeavor in both regions, due to a combination of recurrent droughts—which may intensify due to climate change—poor soil fertility, and a host of constraints faced by farmers, especially low access to input and output markets. These factors, combined with farmers’ high aversion to risk, stifle investments in agriculture, resulting in continuous underachieving production, low income, and persisting poverty.