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Investigations In Sex Estimation

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Investigations in Sex Estimation

Investigations in Sex Estimation Book
Author : Donna L. Harrison
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 0128162171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Investigations in Sex Estimation: A Comparison of Morphological and Metrical Methods is a collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adult and juvenile human remains. This single comprehensive resource for sex estimation in skeletal material includes discussion on the evolution of sexual dimorphism in modern humans, how sexual dimorphism manifests itself in those bones, the growth development in juveniles and how sexual dimorphism can be measured in their bones. Data is presented which contradicts previously held postulates and some different uses of sex estimation methods are suggested, such as using the grading system to assess evolutionary change in skeletons or grouping juveniles into smaller groups by age to better estimate sex. New insights are offered for future research from the presentation of case studies on gender and a comparison of the sex differences between two African-American collections which suggests a correlation between occupation and evolutionary change. To achieve the objective, data on 294 adults from four diverse collections of known sex are obtained using a total of 67 morphological and metric methods. An additional 23 morphological and metric methods used on juveniles, aged 0 to 18, from two of the collections. The methods are specific to either the cranium, mandible, pelvis, humerus or femur. The compilation of assessment of sex provides definitive answers on which type of method, morphological or metric, is more accurate, which morphological and metric methods are the most accurate, and which bones are more reliable to estimate sex especially in the absence of a pelvis. Investigations in Sex Estimation is intended to be used in the field and the laboratory for the identification of sex in human remains and aims to provide a wealth of data for future research in sexual dimorphic studies. Provides the anthropological community with the results of the first collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adults and juveniles Introduces methods, reviews sexual dimorphism, and shares new insights for future research Highly illustrated, using testing data from four very diverse skeletal collections

Investigations in Sex Estimation

Investigations in Sex Estimation Book
Author : Donna L. Harrison
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10
ISBN : 9780128157787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Investigations in Sex Estimation: A Comparison of Morphological and Metrical Methods is a collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adult and juvenile human remains. This single comprehensive resource for sex estimation in skeletal material includes discussion on the evolution of sexual dimorphism in modern humans, how sexual dimorphism manifests itself in those bones, the growth development in juveniles and how sexual dimorphism can be measured in their bones. Data is presented which contradicts previously held postulates and some different uses of sex estimation methods are suggested, such as using the grading system to assess evolutionary change in skeletons or grouping juveniles into smaller groups by age to better estimate sex. New insights are offered for future research from the presentation of case studies on gender and a comparison of the sex differences between two African-American collections which suggests a correlation between occupation and evolutionary change.To achieve the objective, data on 294 adults from four diverse collections of known sex are obtained using a total of 67 morphological and metric methods. An additional 23 morphological and metric methods used on juveniles, aged 0 to 18, from two of the collections. The methods are specific to either the cranium, mandible, pelvis, humerus or femur. The compilation of assessment of sex provides definitive answers on which type of method, morphological or metric, is more accurate, which morphological and metric methods are the most accurate, and which bones are more reliable to estimate sex especially in the absence of a pelvis. Investigations in Sex Estimation is intended to be used in the field and the laboratory for the identification of sex in human remains and aims to provide a wealth of data for future research in sexual dimorphic studies. Provides the anthropological community with the results of the first collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adults and juveniles Introduces methods, reviews sexual dimorphism, and shares new insights for future research Highly illustrated, using testing data from four very diverse skeletal collections

Sex Estimation in Subadult Skeletons

Sex Estimation in Subadult Skeletons Book
Author : Alyssa Shiloh Reinman
Publisher :
Release : 2015
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnosing the sex of subadult skeletal material is a difficult task for bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists. Metric and nonmetric techniques have been tested utilizing both fetal (Boucher 1957, Weaver 1980) and juvenile (Loth and Henneberg 2001, Weaver 1980) skeletal remains. Some metric techniques show promise in estimating the sex of juvenile skeletons, but most are found to be lacking in adequate accuracies (Holcomb and Konigsberg 1995, Weaver 1980). Nonmetric techniques have been found to be more accurate, performing better than chance (Loth and Henneberg 2001, Mittler and Sheridan 1992, Weaver 1980). This study adds to this conversation, utilizing the Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, testing the accuracy of eight nonmetric traits of the subadult mandible and ilium for use in forensic investigations and bioarchaeological research.

Sex Determination in Plants

Sex Determination in Plants Book
Author : CC Ainsworth
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2004-08-02
ISBN : 1135325650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indispensable for all plant biologists, this is a fascinating and thorough examination of those factors which affect the sex determination of plant species, describing all of the main classes of plant with unisexual flowers hermaphrodite, monoecious and

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book
Author : Alexandra R. Klales
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-30
ISBN : 0128157682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Sex Itself

Sex Itself Book
Author : Sarah S. Richardson
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2013-11-06
ISBN : 9780226084688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human genomes are 99.9 percent identical—with one prominent exception. Instead of a matching pair of X chromosomes, men carry a single X, coupled with a tiny chromosome called the Y. Tracking the emergence of a new and distinctive way of thinking about sex represented by the unalterable, simple, and visually compelling binary of the X and Y chromosomes, Sex Itself examines the interaction between cultural gender norms and genetic theories of sex from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present, postgenomic age. Using methods from history, philosophy, and gender studies of science, Sarah S. Richardson uncovers how gender has helped to shape the research practices, questions asked, theories and models, and descriptive language used in sex chromosome research. From the earliest theories of chromosomal sex determination, to the mid-century hypothesis of the aggressive XYY supermale, to the debate about Y chromosome degeneration, to the recent claim that male and female genomes are more different than those of humans and chimpanzees, Richardson shows how cultural gender conceptions influence the genetic science of sex. Richardson shows how sexual science of the past continues to resonate, in ways both subtle and explicit, in contemporary research on the genetics of sex and gender. With the completion of the Human Genome Project, genes and chromosomes are moving to the center of the biology of sex. Sex Itself offers a compelling argument for the importance of ongoing critical dialogue on how cultural conceptions of gender operate within the science of sex.

Forensic Science Advanced Investigations Copyright Update

Forensic Science  Advanced Investigations  Copyright Update Book
Author : Rhonda Brown,Jackie Davenport
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1305474503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

FORENSIC SCIENCE: ADVANCED INVESTIGATIONS, COPYRIGHT UPDATE, 1E is part of a comprehensive course offering as a second-level high school course in forensic science, a course area in which students have the opportunity to expand their knowledge of chemistry, biology, physics, earth science, math, and psychology, as well as associate this knowledge with real-life applications. This text builds on concepts introduced in FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS, as well as introduces additional topics, such as arson and explosions. Following the same solid instructional design as the FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS text, the book balances extensive scientific concepts with hands-on classroom and lab activities, readings, intriguing case studies, and chapter-opening scenarios. The book's exclusive Gale Forensic Science eCollectionTM database provides instant access to hundreds of articles and Internet resources that spark student interest and extend learning beyond the book. Comprehensive, time-saving teacher support and lab activities deliver exactly what you need to ensure that students receive a solid, complete science education that keeps readers at all learning levels enthused about science. This two-book series provides a solution that is engaging, contemporary, and specifically designed for high school students. Instructors can be confident that the program has been written by high school forensic science instructors with their unique needs in mind, including content tied to the national and state science standards they are accountable to teaching. The update has a new chapter on Digital Responsibility and Social Networking. FORENSIC SCIENCE: ADVANCED INVESTIGATIONS, COPYRIGHT UPDATE, 1E sets the standard in high school forensic science . . . case closed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Wildlife Techniques Manual

The Wildlife Techniques Manual Book
Author : Nova J. Silvy
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2012-03
ISBN : 1421401592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A standard text in a variety of courses, the Techniques Manual, as it is commonly called, covers every aspect of modern wildlife management and provides practical information for applying the hundreds of methods described in its pages. To effectively incorporate the explosion of new information in the wildlife profession, this latest edition is logically organized into a two-volume set: Volume 1 is devoted to research techniques and Volume 2 focuses on management methodologies.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Dennis Dirkmaat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-03-19
ISBN : 1118255410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Techniques in Wildlife Investigations

Techniques in Wildlife Investigations Book
Author : John R. Skalski,Douglas S. Robson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323139140
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Techniques for Wildlife Investigations emphasizes the design of field studies and the statistical inferences that can be made from observed changes in animal abundance and populations. The information presented here is of value not only for wildlife management but also for social and economic decision-making related to the environmental effects of human activities on wildlife populations. Biologists, ecologists, biometricians, fish and game managers will find this book invaluable in their work. Key Features * Provides quantitative criteria for designing effective field experiments * Offers statistical methods for analyzing mark--recapture data * Gives examples and recommendations for implementing field studies

Harvard Psychological Studies

Harvard Psychological Studies Book
Author : Hugo Münsterberg,Herbert Sidney Langfeld
Publisher :
Release : 1906
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Only contributions from members of the Harvard Psychological Laboratory will be printed in these volumes, which will appear at irregular intervals.

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Book
Author : Aurore Schmitt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-09
ISBN : 1597450995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.