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Investigations In Sex Estimation

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Investigations in Sex Estimation

Investigations in Sex Estimation Book
Author : Donna L. Harrison
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 0128162171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Investigations in Sex Estimation: A Comparison of Morphological and Metrical Methods is a collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adult and juvenile human remains. This single comprehensive resource for sex estimation in skeletal material includes discussion on the evolution of sexual dimorphism in modern humans, how sexual dimorphism manifests itself in those bones, the growth development in juveniles and how sexual dimorphism can be measured in their bones. Data is presented which contradicts previously held postulates and some different uses of sex estimation methods are suggested, such as using the grading system to assess evolutionary change in skeletons or grouping juveniles into smaller groups by age to better estimate sex. New insights are offered for future research from the presentation of case studies on gender and a comparison of the sex differences between two African-American collections which suggests a correlation between occupation and evolutionary change. To achieve the objective, data on 294 adults from four diverse collections of known sex are obtained using a total of 67 morphological and metric methods. An additional 23 morphological and metric methods used on juveniles, aged 0 to 18, from two of the collections. The methods are specific to either the cranium, mandible, pelvis, humerus or femur. The compilation of assessment of sex provides definitive answers on which type of method, morphological or metric, is more accurate, which morphological and metric methods are the most accurate, and which bones are more reliable to estimate sex especially in the absence of a pelvis. Investigations in Sex Estimation is intended to be used in the field and the laboratory for the identification of sex in human remains and aims to provide a wealth of data for future research in sexual dimorphic studies. Provides the anthropological community with the results of the first collective comparison of the many morphological and metric methods currently used on adults and juveniles Introduces methods, reviews sexual dimorphism, and shares new insights for future research Highly illustrated, using testing data from four very diverse skeletal collections

Stature and Sex Estimation Using Anthropometry of Feet and Footprints in a Western Australian Population

Stature and Sex Estimation Using Anthropometry of Feet and Footprints in a Western Australian Population Book
Author : Naomi Rachel Hemy,University of Western Australia. Centre for Forensic Science
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

[Truncated abstract] Anthropometry is an invaluable tool in forensic anthropology for developing population specific standards for the biological profiling of unidentified deceased and living individuals. Whilst the technique of osteometry is most commonly associated with forensic practice, standards are now being developed from modern living populations, overcoming some of the limitations of relying upon documented skeletal collections. Stature estimation is often considered one of the more straightforward aspects of biological profiling and is useful for reducing the parameters of identity. An estimation of sex can assist the identification process even further by decreasing the pool of potential matches and by determining subsequent methods for assessing other attributes of the biological profile, including the estimation of stature. However, these estimation standards are most accurate when applied to the population from which they were initially derived. In medico-legal investigations, feet and footprints can be useful for extrapolating living height as there is a body of literature that has identified a strong positive relationship between foot size and stature. In disaster victim identification scenarios, feet are often preserved due to the protection afforded by footwear and footprints are common trace evidence recovered from crime scenes. The study aimed to develop stature estimation models for a contemporary Western Australian population from measurements of the feet and footprints. As sex estimation is such a quintessential component of the biological profile it was expedient to also assess sexual dimorphism and determine whether it was possible to develop accurate sex estimation models from the obtained anthropometric data. The study sample comprised of 200 adults (90 males, 110 females). After recording a stature measurement, three linear measurements were taken from each foot and bilateral footprints were collected from each subject. Seven linear measurements were then extracted from each print. Prior to data collection, a precision test was conducted to determine whether measurement error was within acceptable limits. After ensuring normal distribution, the primary data were analysed using a range of parametric statistical tests. Paired t-tests were carried out to determine the level of bilateral asymmetry and side specific functions were subsequently generated. A linear relationship between foot and footprint measurements was first established using Pearson s correlation analysis and then stature estimation models were developed using simple linear and multiple regression. The sex estimation potential of the data was assessed by conducting an ANOVA to quantify the degree of sexual dimorphism and a series of direct and stepwise discriminant function analyses were then performed to determine the sex classification potential of the resultant functions. All foot and footprint measurements were significantly (P

Yang Jie Chang

Yang  Jie Chang Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The folder may include clippings, announcements, small exhibition catalogs, and other ephemeral items.

Estimation of Sex from the Morphometric Assessment of Hand Bones in a Western Australian Population

Estimation of Sex from the Morphometric Assessment of Hand Bones in a Western Australian Population Book
Author : Rebecca Pearl De Silva
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

[Truncated abstract] The role of a forensic anthropologist in medico-legal investigations is to, ultimately contribute toward establishing the identity of unknown skeletal remains by constructing a biological profile; which involves estimations of sex, ages, stature and ancestry. recent research relating ti the formulation of sex estimation standards has focussed on the morphological assessment of bones other than the oelvis and cranium, such as the long bones of the appendicular skeleton.

Sex Estimation in Subadult Skeletons

Sex Estimation in Subadult Skeletons Book
Author : Alyssa Shiloh Reinman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnosing the sex of subadult skeletal material is a difficult task for bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists. Metric and nonmetric techniques have been tested utilizing both fetal (Boucher 1957, Weaver 1980) and juvenile (Loth and Henneberg 2001, Weaver 1980) skeletal remains. Some metric techniques show promise in estimating the sex of juvenile skeletons, but most are found to be lacking in adequate accuracies (Holcomb and Konigsberg 1995, Weaver 1980). Nonmetric techniques have been found to be more accurate, performing better than chance (Loth and Henneberg 2001, Mittler and Sheridan 1992, Weaver 1980). This study adds to this conversation, utilizing the Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, testing the accuracy of eight nonmetric traits of the subadult mandible and ilium for use in forensic investigations and bioarchaeological research.

Sex and Stature Estimation Using Hand and Handprint Measurements in a Western Australian Population

Sex and Stature Estimation Using Hand and Handprint Measurements in a Western Australian Population Book
Author : Nur-Intaniah Ishak,University of Western Australia. Centre for Forensic Science
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personal identification of human remains is an imperative element in most forensic investigations. Forensic anthropologists have an important role, to facilitate the identification of human remains in those investigations. With the increased number of mass disasters, homicides and accidents, the identification of remains can be problematic when the deceased can no longer be recognized, due to the nature of the injuries sustained. The aim of the present thesis was to develop standards to estimate sex and stature from hand and handprint measurements specifically for a Western Australian population. Stature and sex estimation standards formulated from different parts of the skeleton or body limbs, including the hand, are useful towards establishing personal identity. The sample analysed comprised 91 males and 110 females (a total of 210 adult subjects). Seven measurements were collected from the hand: hand breadth and length; palm and thumb length; and index, middle and ring finger lengths. The corresponding measurements were also collected for handprints. Sex was analysed using linear discriminant function analyses and stature was analysed using simple linear and multiple regression analyses. It was found that all hand and handprint measurements were significantly larger in males compared to females (p

Sex Determination in Plants

Sex Determination in Plants Book
Author : CC Ainsworth
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2004-08-02
ISBN : 1135325650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indispensable for all plant biologists, this is a fascinating and thorough examination of those factors which affect the sex determination of plant species, describing all of the main classes of plant with unisexual flowers hermaphrodite, monoecious and

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book
Author : Alexandra R. Klales
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-30
ISBN : 0128157682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Sexual Dimorphism of the Ilium and Iliac Crest

Sexual Dimorphism of the Ilium and Iliac Crest Book
Author : Joy H. Vetter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study examined indicators of male-female differences in the os Coxa, specifically in the shape of the ilium and iliac crest for the purpose of skeletal sex estimation. The iliac crest is a curved, or "S" shaped, epiphysis which extends along the cranial margin of the ilium, posteriorly from the anterior superior iliac spine to the posterior superior iliac spine of the os Coxae. Forty two metric variables characterizing the shape of the os Coxa and iliac crest were derived from a digital database of 150 adult White human os Coxae, including 75 males and 75 females, from the Hamann-Todd osteological collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. The os Coxae were all digitized using a MicroScribe-3DX digitizer, and the data was stored in an excel spreadsheet, which facilitated further mathematical analysis to define and calculate all variables. A single point of origin defined as the most superior point in the midline of the pubic symphysis, was common to each variable. This study hypothesized that these variables will better define variation in form, and that they will better characterize sexual dimorphism in the iliac crest. Thus serve as an aid in sex estimation. Additionally, the qualitative observation of the sciatic notch was compared to the quantitative observations. Statistical analyses, including descriptive statistics, univariate sectioning points, independent t-tests, and proportional analyses, were used to test the potential application of the findings of this study to sex identification in osteological investigation. The results of this research suggested that there were slight indications of sexual dimorphism in several of the iliac blade dimensions along with the central chords of the iliac crest and their associated angles. Despite indications of differences in the female and male form, the measurements proved to be too variable, thus making accuracy and reliability unattainable. Further investigations are required to better understand the presented findings.

Life and death of a rural village in Garamantian Times Archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet Libyan Sahara

Life and death of a rural village in Garamantian Times  Archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet  Libyan Sahara  Book
Author : Lucia Mori
Publisher : All’Insegna del Giglio
Release : 2013-12-01
ISBN : 8878145947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the results of the archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (SW Libyan Sahara), carried out by the Archaeological Mission in the Sahara of the Sapienza University of Rome. Evidences of an ancient rural village were identified under the houses of the modern town of Tan Afella and a large necropolis, dated to the Garamantian times, spread at the fringes of the modern settlement. Until 1997 very little was known on the Garamantian period in the Wadi Tanezzuft area and on the transition from the pastoral to the early-historical phase. This period witnessed the gradual sedentarisation of human groups in the oases, and the development of caravan routes with the flourishing of an intra- and trans-Saharan trade. These processes, also influenced by significant alterations in climate, which led to the agricultural exploitation of the limited areas where water resources were available – the oases – were archaeologically unknown as far as settlements were concerned. The archaeological surveys and excavations carried out in the area of Fewet were particularly promising and are here analysed in a multidisciplinary perspective, which takes into consideration environmental and anthropological studies in the attempt to reconstruct the culture and the life of people inhabiting the Southern Fezzan region in early-historical times. «The historical archaeology of the Sahara remains an underdeveloped field of research, especially for the pre-Islamic period. The most significant exception to this rule has for long concerned the people known as the Garamantes, who inhabited the central Saharan region coincident with Libya’s south-west province, Fezzan. (…) This volume is a marvelous addition to the small corpus of published research on the Pre-Islamic oasis societies of the Sahara and provides a complementary perspective on the world of the Garamantes to the Anglo-Libyan work I have directed from their heartlands in the Wadi el-Ajal, c. 400 km to north-east of Ghat». Prof. David J. Mattingly, University of Leicester, UK.

Forensic Science Advanced Investigations Copyright Update

Forensic Science  Advanced Investigations  Copyright Update Book
Author : Rhonda Brown,Jackie Davenport
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1305474503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

FORENSIC SCIENCE: ADVANCED INVESTIGATIONS, COPYRIGHT UPDATE, 1E is part of a comprehensive course offering as a second-level high school course in forensic science, a course area in which students have the opportunity to expand their knowledge of chemistry, biology, physics, earth science, math, and psychology, as well as associate this knowledge with real-life applications. This text builds on concepts introduced in FORENSIC SCIENCE: FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS, as well as introduces additional topics, such as arson and explosions. Following the same solid instructional design as the FUNDAMENTALS & INVESTIGATIONS text, the book balances extensive scientific concepts with hands-on classroom and lab activities, readings, intriguing case studies, and chapter-opening scenarios. The book's exclusive Gale Forensic Science eCollectionTM database provides instant access to hundreds of articles and Internet resources that spark student interest and extend learning beyond the book. Comprehensive, time-saving teacher support and lab activities deliver exactly what you need to ensure that students receive a solid, complete science education that keeps readers at all learning levels enthused about science. This two-book series provides a solution that is engaging, contemporary, and specifically designed for high school students. Instructors can be confident that the program has been written by high school forensic science instructors with their unique needs in mind, including content tied to the national and state science standards they are accountable to teaching. The update has a new chapter on Digital Responsibility and Social Networking. FORENSIC SCIENCE: ADVANCED INVESTIGATIONS, COPYRIGHT UPDATE, 1E sets the standard in high school forensic science . . . case closed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems

Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems Book
Author : Jinchang Ren,Amir Hussain,Jiangbin Zheng,Cheng-Lin Liu,Bin Luo,Huimin Zhao,Xinbo Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 3030005631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems, BICS 2018, held in Xi’an, China, in July 2018. The 83 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 137 submissions. The papers were organized in topical sections named: neural computation; biologically inspired systems; image recognition: detection, tracking and classification; data analysis and natural language processing; and applications.

Summary of Investigations

Summary of Investigations Book
Author : United States. Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Ga. Technology Branch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Summary of Investigations book written by United States. Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Ga. Technology Branch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pesticides Documentation Bulletin

Pesticides Documentation Bulletin Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pesticides Documentation Bulletin book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Wildlife Techniques Manual

The Wildlife Techniques Manual Book
Author : Nova J. Silvy
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
Release : 2020-07-28
ISBN : 1421436698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This deft and thorough update ensures that The Wildlife Techniques Manual will remain an indispensable resource, one that professionals and students in wildlife biology, conservation, and management simply cannot do without.

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity

Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity Book
Author : Jeremy Rich,Dorothy E. Dean,Robert H. Powers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-28
ISBN : 1592598978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publius Syrus stated back in 42 B.C., “You cannot put the same shoe on every foot.” (Maxim 596) Though written long before the advent of forensic science, Syrus’ maxim summarizes the theme of Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot. Put simply, the lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region. This variation is beneficial to forensic experts. Differences in the leg and foot can be used to establish individual identity. Analysis of damage to the lower limb can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. As a forensic anthropologist, I analyze cases involving decomposed, burned, m- mified, mutilated, and skeletal remains. Many of the corpses I examine are incomplete. Occasionally, I receive nothing but the legs and feet; a lower torso dragged from a river; a foot recovered in a city park; dismembered drug dealers in plastic bags; victims of bombings and airline disasters; and the dead commingled in common graves. Though the leg and foot contain much that is useful in forensic analysis, before this publication, investigators faced a twofold problem. Little research that focused on the lower extremity was available in the literature, and the existing research was published in diverse sources, making its location and synthesis a daunting task.

Embryology of Flowering Plants Terminology and Concepts Vol 3

Embryology of Flowering Plants  Terminology and Concepts  Vol  3 Book
Author : T B Batygina
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 1439844364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant embryology, dealing with the regularities of initiation and the first stages of development of an organism, is now flourishing because of the overall progress being made in natural sciences. Such discoveries of the 20th century as production of plants from a single somatic cell, experimental haploidy, and parasexual hybridization were of general biological significance. The combined efforts of embryologists, geneticists and molecular biologists yielded the discovery of specific genes that control meiosis, egg cell development and early stages of embryogenesis. The tendency to synthesize data of embryology and genetics has become increasingly noticeable. It is connected with the fact that the majority of problems connected with morphogenesis, such as differentiation, specialization, the evaluation of features and the definition of the notionsgene and feature andgenotype and phenotype concern embryology and genetics (embryogenetics) in one way or another. Evolutionary embryology has given rise to a new approach to the study of problems of adaptation in plants. In connection with the problem of preserving biological diversity under conditions of ecological stress, special attention is paid to ecological embryology, revealing the critical periods in early ontogenesis and plasticity and tolerance of reproductive systems at the level of species and population. The study of variability of morphogenesis and phenotype in population (life cycle variations and the diversity of reproductive systems) is the most important point in the population embryology of plants.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

Federal Bureau of Investigation Book
Author : Linda M. Calbom
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2008-05-01
ISBN : 9781428989177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) provided, among other things, funding by transfer to the FBI to carry out specific purposes of the Health Care Fraud & Abuse Control Program. There was concern about a shift in FBI resources from health care fraud investigations to counter-terrorism activities after Sept. 11, 2001. This report reviews FBI¿s accountability for the funds transferred under HIPAA for FY2000 through 2003. The report determined: (1) whether FBI had an adequate approach for ensuring the proper use of the HIPAA transfers; & (2) the extent to which FBI had expended these transferred funds on health care fraud investigations in FY2000 through 2003. Includes recommendations. Charts & tables.

Oxford Handbook of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation

Oxford Handbook of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation Book
Author : Drew Provan
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780198566632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"With new material, illustrations and updated chapters, the new edition of this enormously successful book provides guidance on the best use of the many tests and investigations currently available. It emphasizes which tests are of value, when tests are not likely to be helpful, and explains likely pitfalls in the interpretation of results. Throughout, the book emphasises the need to avoid over-investigation." "Starting off with a patient-oriented approach to investigation, the book describes key symptoms and signs, along with tests that may be of value in reaching a diagnosis. The remainder of the book is specialty-centered, and provides a comprehensive review of all available tests within a given subject."--BOOK JACKET.