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Introduction To Quantitative Macroeconomics Using Julia

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Introduction to Quantitative Macroeconomics Using Julia

Introduction to Quantitative Macroeconomics Using Julia Book
Author : Petre Caraiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-29
ISBN : 0128135123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Quantitative Macroeconomics Using Julia: From Basic to State-of-the-Art Computational Techniques facilitates access to fundamental techniques in computational and quantitative macroeconomics. It focuses on the recent and very promising software, Julia, which offers a MATLAB-like language at speeds comparable to C/Fortran, also discussing modeling challenges that make quantitative macroeconomics dynamic, a key feature that few books on the topic include for macroeconomists who need the basic tools to build, solve and simulate macroeconomic models. This book neatly fills the gap between intermediate macroeconomic books and modern DSGE models used in research. Combines an introduction to Julia, with the specific needs of macroeconomic students who are interested in DSGE models and PhD students and researchers interested in building DSGE models Teaches fundamental techniques in quantitative macroeconomics by introducing theoretical elements of key macroeconomic models and their potential algorithmic implementations Exposes researchers working in macroeconomics to state-of-the-art computational techniques for simulating and solving DSGE models

A Gentle Introduction to Effective Computing in Quantitative Research

A Gentle Introduction to Effective Computing in Quantitative Research Book
Author : Harry J. Paarsch,Konstantin Golyaev
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0262034115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical guide to using modern software effectively in quantitative research in the social and natural sciences. This book offers a practical guide to the computational methods at the heart of most modern quantitative research. It will be essential reading for research assistants needing hands-on experience; students entering PhD programs in business, economics, and other social or natural sciences; and those seeking quantitative jobs in industry. No background in computer science is assumed; a learner need only have a computer with access to the Internet. Using the example as its principal pedagogical device, the book offers tried-and-true prototypes that illustrate many important computational tasks required in quantitative research. The best way to use the book is to read it at the computer keyboard and learn by doing. The book begins by introducing basic skills: how to use the operating system, how to organize data, and how to complete simple programming tasks. For its demonstrations, the book uses a UNIX-based operating system and a set of free software tools: the scripting language Python for programming tasks; the database management system SQLite; and the freely available R for statistical computing and graphics. The book goes on to describe particular tasks: analyzing data, implementing commonly used numerical and simulation methods, and creating extensions to Python to reduce cycle time. Finally, the book describes the use of LaTeX, a document markup language and preparation system.

Dynamic Economics

Dynamic Economics Book
Author : Jerome Adda,Russell W. Cooper
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2003-08-29
ISBN : 9780262012010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated approach to the empirical application of dynamic optimization programming models, for students and researchers. This book is an effective, concise text for students and researchers that combines the tools of dynamic programming with numerical techniques and simulation-based econometric methods. Doing so, it bridges the traditional gap between theoretical and empirical research and offers an integrated framework for studying applied problems in macroeconomics and microeconomics. In part I the authors first review the formal theory of dynamic optimization; they then present the numerical tools and econometric techniques necessary to evaluate the theoretical models. In language accessible to a reader with a limited background in econometrics, they explain most of the methods used in applied dynamic research today, from the estimation of probability in a coin flip to a complicated nonlinear stochastic structural model. These econometric techniques provide the final link between the dynamic programming problem and data. Part II is devoted to the application of dynamic programming to specific areas of applied economics, including the study of business cycles, consumption, and investment behavior. In each instance the authors present the specific optimization problem as a dynamic programming problem, characterize the optimal policy functions, estimate the parameters, and use models for policy evaluation. The original contribution of Dynamic Economics: Quantitative Methods and Applications lies in the integrated approach to the empirical application of dynamic optimization programming models. This integration shows that empirical applications actually complement the underlying theory of optimization, while dynamic programming problems provide needed structure for estimation and policy evaluation.

Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling

Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling Book
Author : Burkhard Heer,Alfred Maussner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 3540856846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern business cycle theory and growth theory uses stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models. In order to solve these models, economists need to use many mathematical tools. This book presents various methods in order to compute the dynamics of general equilibrium models. In part I, the representative-agent stochastic growth model is solved with the help of value function iteration, linear and linear quadratic approximation methods, parameterised expectations and projection methods. In order to apply these methods, fundamentals from numerical analysis are reviewed in detail. In particular, the book discusses issues that are often neglected in existing work on computational methods, e.g. how to find a good initial value. In part II, the authors discuss methods in order to solve heterogeneous-agent economies. In such economies, the distribution of the individual state variables is endogenous. This part of the book also serves as an introduction to the modern theory of distribution economics. Applications include the dynamics of the income distribution over the business cycle or the overlapping-generations model. In an accompanying home page to this book, computer codes to all applications can be downloaded.

Advanced Econometrics

Advanced Econometrics Book
Author : Amemiya Takeshi,TAKESHI AUTOR AMEMIYA
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1985
ISBN : 9780674005600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main features of this text are a thorough treatment of cross-section models--including qualitative response models, censored and truncated regression models, and Markov and duration models--and a rigorous presentation of large sample theory, classical least-squares and generalized least-squares theory, and nonlinear simultaneous equation models.

The Handbook of Political Social and Economic Transformation

The Handbook of Political  Social  and Economic Transformation Book
Author : Wolfgang Merkel,Raj Kollmorgen,Hans-Jürgen Wagener
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-01-25
ISBN : 019256546X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Political, social, and economic transformation is a complex historical phenomenon. It can adequately be analysed only by a multidisciplinary approach. The Handbook brings together an international team of scholars who are specialists in their respective research fields. It introduces the most important areas, theories, and methods in transformation research, with particular attention placed on the historical and comparative dimension. Although focussing on post-communist and other democratic transformations in our epoch, the Handbook therefore presents and discusses not only their problems, paths, and developments, but also deals with the antecedent 'waves', beginning with the Meiji Restoration in Japan in 1868 and its aftermath. The book is structured into six parts. Starting with basic concepts as systems, actors, and institutions (Section I), it gives an overview over major theoretical approaches and research methods (Sections II and III). The connection of theory and method with their application is essential, allowing special insights into the past and opens analytical avenues for transformation research in the future. Section (IV) provides a historically oriented description or interpretation of particular 'waves' or types of societal transformation. With a clear focus on present transformations, the contributions to Section V provide a description and discussion of the problems, structures, actors, and courses of the transformations within different spheres of (civil) society, politics, law, and economics. Finally, brief lexicographic entries in Section VI delineate research perspectives and facts about relevant issues of societal transformation. Each of the 79 contributions contains a concise list of the most important research literature.

Guide to Scientific Computing in C

Guide to Scientific Computing in C   Book
Author : Joe Pitt-Francis,Jonathan Whiteley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-15
ISBN : 1447127366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This easy-to-read textbook/reference presents an essential guide to object-oriented C++ programming for scientific computing. With a practical focus on learning by example, the theory is supported by numerous exercises. Features: provides a specific focus on the application of C++ to scientific computing, including parallel computing using MPI; stresses the importance of a clear programming style to minimize the introduction of errors into code; presents a practical introduction to procedural programming in C++, covering variables, flow of control, input and output, pointers, functions, and reference variables; exhibits the efficacy of classes, highlighting the main features of object-orientation; examines more advanced C++ features, such as templates and exceptions; supplies useful tips and examples throughout the text, together with chapter-ending exercises, and code available to download from Springer.

A Course in Modern Macroeconomics

A Course in Modern Macroeconomics Book
Author : Pablo Kurlat
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-01-14
ISBN : 9781073566716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book started as a collection of my teaching notes for the ECON 52 course that I taught at Stanford University. The objective of that course, and of this book, is to introduce students to the ideas and way of thinking of modern macroeconomics in a unified way that is accessible with a moderate amount of maths. Modern macroeconomics emphasizes explicit microeconomic foundations and general equilibrium analysis, combined with various kinds of constraints and market imperfections. When preparing the class I thought none of the existing textbooks conveyed this in a way that I liked, so I prepared my own notes, which then grew into this book. While mostly self-contained, the book is probably most useful to students who are familiar with the basics of multivariable calculus and have taken a calculus-based microeconomics class.

Think Julia

Think Julia Book
Author : Ben Lauwens,Allen B. Downey
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2019-04-05
ISBN : 1492044989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If you’re just learning how to program, Julia is an excellent JIT-compiled, dynamically typed language with a clean syntax. This hands-on guide uses Julia 1.0 to walk you through programming one step at a time, beginning with basic programming concepts before moving on to more advanced capabilities, such as creating new types and multiple dispatch. Designed from the beginning for high performance, Julia is a general-purpose language ideal for not only numerical analysis and computational science but also web programming and scripting. Through exercises in each chapter, you’ll try out programming concepts as you learn them. Think Julia is perfect for students at the high school or college level as well as self-learners and professionals who need to learn programming basics. Start with the basics, including language syntax and semantics Get a clear definition of each programming concept Learn about values, variables, statements, functions, and data structures in a logical progression Discover how to work with files and databases Understand types, methods, and multiple dispatch Use debugging techniques to fix syntax, runtime, and semantic errors Explore interface design and data structures through case studies

International Macroeconomics in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

International Macroeconomics in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis Book
Author : Laurent Ferrara,Ignacio Hernando,Daniela Marconi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-13
ISBN : 3319790757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects selected articles addressing several currently debated issues in the field of international macroeconomics. They focus on the role of the central banks in the debate on how to come to terms with the long-term decline in productivity growth, insufficient aggregate demand, high economic uncertainty and growing inequalities following the global financial crisis. Central banks are of considerable importance in this debate since understanding the sluggishness of the recovery process as well as its implications for the natural interest rate are key to assessing output gaps and the monetary policy stance. The authors argue that a more dynamic domestic and external aggregate demand helps to raise the inflation rate, easing the constraint deriving from the zero lower bound and allowing monetary policy to depart from its current ultra-accommodative position. Beyond macroeconomic factors, the book also discusses a supportive financial environment as a precondition for the rebound of global economic activity, stressing that understanding capital flows is a prerequisite for economic-policy decisions.

Sensory Cue Integration

Sensory Cue Integration Book
Author : Julia Trommershauser,Konrad Kording,Michael S. Landy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-09-21
ISBN : 019987476X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is concerned with sensory cue integration both within and between sensory modalities, and focuses on the emerging way of thinking about cue combination in terms of uncertainty. These probabilistic approaches derive from the realization that our sensors are noisy and moreover are often affected by ambiguity. For example, mechanoreceptor outputs are variable and they cannot distinguish if a perceived force is caused by the weight of an object or by force we are producing ourselves. The probabilistic approaches elaborated in this book aim at formalizing the uncertainty of cues. They describe cue combination as the nervous system's attempt to minimize uncertainty in its estimates and to choose successful actions. Some computational approaches described in the chapters of this book are concerned with the application of such statistical ideas to real-world cue-combination problems. Others ask how uncertainty may be represented in the nervous system and used for cue combination. Importantly, across behavioral, electrophysiological and theoretical approaches, Bayesian statistics is emerging as a common language in which cue-combination problems can be expressed.

Mastering R for Quantitative Finance

Mastering R for Quantitative Finance Book
Author : Edina Berlinger,Ferenc Illés,Milán Badics,Ádám Banai,Gergely Daróczi,Barbara Dömötör,Gergely Gabler,Dániel Havran,Péter Juhász,István Margitai,Balázs Márkus,Péter Medvegyev,Julia Molnár,Balázs Árpád Szűcs,Ágnes Tuza,Tamás Vadász,Kata Váradi,Ágnes Vidovics-Dancs
Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
Release : 2015-03-10
ISBN : 1783552085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended for those who want to learn how to use R's capabilities to build models in quantitative finance at a more advanced level. If you wish to perfectly take up the rhythm of the chapters, you need to be at an intermediate level in quantitative finance and you also need to have a reasonable knowledge of R.

Research Handbook on Economic Sanctions

Research Handbook on Economic Sanctions Book
Author : van Bergeijk, Peter A.G.
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2021-12-10
ISBN : 1839102721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Peter van Bergeijk brings together 40 leading experts from all continents to analyze state-of-the-art data covering the sharp increase in (smart) sanctions in the last decade. Original chapters provide detailed analyses on the determinants of sanction success and failure, complemented with research on the impact of sanctions.

Statistics with Julia

Statistics with Julia Book
Author : Yoni Nazarathy,Hayden Klok
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 9783030709006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph uses the Julia language to guide the reader through an exploration of the fundamental concepts of probability and statistics, all with a view of mastering machine learning, data science, and artificial intelligence. The text does not require any prior statistical knowledge and only assumes a basic understanding of programming and mathematical notation. It is accessible to practitioners and researchers in data science, machine learning, bio-statistics, finance, or engineering who may wish to solidify their knowledge of probability and statistics. The book progresses through ten independent chapters starting with an introduction of Julia, and moving through basic probability, distributions, statistical inference, regression analysis, machine learning methods, and the use of Monte Carlo simulation for dynamic stochastic models. Ultimately this text introduces the Julia programming language as a computational tool, uniquely addressing end-users rather than developers. It makes heavy use of over 200 code examples to illustrate dozens of key statistical concepts. The Julia code, written in a simple format with parameters that can be easily modified, is also available for download from the book’s associated GitHub repository online. See what co-creators of the Julia language are saying about the book: Professor Alan Edelman, MIT: With “Statistics with Julia”, Yoni and Hayden have written an easy to read, well organized, modern introduction to statistics. The code may be looked at, and understood on the static pages of a book, or even better, when running live on a computer. Everything you need is here in one nicely written self-contained reference. Dr. Viral Shah, CEO of Julia Computing: Yoni and Hayden provide a modern way to learn statistics with the Julia programming language. This book has been perfected through iteration over several semesters in the classroom. It prepares the reader with two complementary skills - statistical reasoning with hands on experience and working with large datasets through training in Julia.

Global Productivity

Global Productivity Book
Author : Alistair Dieppe
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2021-06-09
ISBN : 1464816093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The COVID-19 pandemic struck the global economy after a decade that featured a broad-based slowdown in productivity growth. Global Productivity: Trends, Drivers, and Policies presents the first comprehensive analysis of the evolution and drivers of productivity growth, examines the effects of COVID-19 on productivity, and discusses a wide range of policies needed to rekindle productivity growth. The book also provides a far-reaching data set of multiple measures of productivity for up to 164 advanced economies and emerging market and developing economies, and it introduces a new sectoral database of productivity. The World Bank has created an extraordinary book on productivity, covering a large group of countries and using a wide variety of data sources. There is an emphasis on emerging and developing economies, whereas the prior literature has concentrated on developed economies. The book seeks to understand growth patterns and quantify the role of (among other things) the reallocation of factors, technological change, and the impact of natural disasters, including the COVID-19 pandemic. This book is must-reading for specialists in emerging economies but also provides deep insights for anyone interested in economic growth and productivity. Martin Neil Baily Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution Former Chair, U.S. President’s Council of Economic Advisers This is an important book at a critical time. As the book notes, global productivity growth had already been slowing prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and collapses with the pandemic. If we want an effective recovery, we have to understand what was driving these long-run trends. The book presents a novel global approach to examining the levels, growth rates, and drivers of productivity growth. For anyone wanting to understand or influence productivity growth, this is an essential read. Nicholas Bloom William D. Eberle Professor of Economics, Stanford University The COVID-19 pandemic hit a global economy that was already struggling with an adverse pre-existing condition—slow productivity growth. This extraordinarily valuable and timely book brings considerable new evidence that shows the broad-based, long-standing nature of the slowdown. It is comprehensive, with an exceptional focus on emerging market and developing economies. Importantly, it shows how severe disasters (of which COVID-19 is just the latest) typically harm productivity. There are no silver bullets, but the book suggests sensible strategies to improve growth prospects. John Fernald Schroders Chaired Professor of European Competitiveness and Reform and Professor of Economics, INSEAD

The Regulatory Enterprise

The Regulatory Enterprise Book
Author : Tony Prosser
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0199579830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of regulation to control behaviour is a defining feature of modern government, penetrating a wide range of social and economic life. This book offers a detailed study of how regulation works in practice, its legal framework, and the arguments surrounding its economic and social impact

Sacrifice and Modern Thought

Sacrifice and Modern Thought Book
Author : Julia Meszaros,Johannes Zachhuber
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 0199659281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together leading specialists from various academic disciplines to elucidate the modern debate about sacrifice for the first time. This debate has been fed by theological concerns, by the influence of literary and musical works, and by the encounter with non-European cultures since the Age of Discovery. While ritual sacrifice has been all but absent in European modernity, ideas, images, theories, and stories about sacrifice have been at the centreof academic, artistic, and public interest since the sixteenth century. Individual chapters discuss anthropological theories, theological controversies, philosophical interpretations, and literary usesof sacrifice. They result not in a single narrative but in a representation of the diverse factors and aspects that have contributed to modernity's obsession with the topic of sacrifice.

Learning Julia

Learning Julia Book
Author : Anshul Joshi,Rahul Lakhanpal
Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
Release : 2017-11-24
ISBN : 1785885367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn Julia language for data science and data analytics About This Book Set up Julia's environment and start building simple programs Explore the technical aspects of Julia and its potential when it comes to speed and data processing Write efficient and high-quality code in Julia Who This Book Is For This book allows existing programmers, statisticians and data scientists to learn the Julia and take its advantage while building applications with complex numerical and scientific computations. Basic knowledge of mathematics is needed to understand the various methods that will be used or created in the book to exploit the capabilities for which Julia is made. What You Will Learn Understand Julia's ecosystem and create simple programs Master the type system and create your own types in Julia Understand Julia's type system, annotations, and conversions Define functions and understand meta-programming and multiple dispatch Create graphics and data visualizations using Julia Build programs capable of networking and parallel computation Develop real-world applications and use connections for RDBMS and NoSQL Learn to interact with other programming languages–C and Python—using Julia In Detail Julia is a highly appropriate language for scientific computing, but it comes with all the required capabilities of a general-purpose language. It allows us to achieve C/Fortran-like performance while maintaining the concise syntax of a scripting language such as Python. It is perfect for building high-performance and concurrent applications. From the basics of its syntax to learning built-in object types, this book covers it all. This book shows you how to write effective functions, reduce code redundancies, and improve code reuse. It will be helpful for new programmers who are starting out with Julia to explore its wide and ever-growing package ecosystem and also for experienced developers/statisticians/data scientists who want to add Julia to their skill-set. The book presents the fundamentals of programming in Julia and in-depth informative examples, using a step-by-step approach. You will be taken through concepts and examples such as doing simple mathematical operations, creating loops, metaprogramming, functions, collections, multiple dispatch, and so on. By the end of the book, you will be able to apply your skills in Julia to create and explore applications of any domain. Style and approach This book demonstrates the basics of Julia along with some data structures and testing tools that will give you enough material to get started with the language from an application standpoint.

Federal Dynamics

Federal Dynamics Book
Author : Arthur Benz,Jörg Broschek
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0199652996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Federal Dynamics aids understanding of how federal systems change over time. It assembles contributions from leading scholars in the field of comparative federalism to discuss the value of different analytical tools and theoretical approaches for exploring the dynamics of federal systems.

Financial Risk Forecasting

Financial Risk Forecasting Book
Author : Jon Danielsson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-20
ISBN : 1119977118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Financial Risk Forecasting is a complete introduction to practical quantitative risk management, with a focus on market risk. Derived from the authors teaching notes and years spent training practitioners in risk management techniques, it brings together the three key disciplines of finance, statistics and modeling (programming), to provide a thorough grounding in risk management techniques. Written by renowned risk expert Jon Danielsson, the book begins with an introduction to financial markets and market prices, volatility clusters, fat tails and nonlinear dependence. It then goes on to present volatility forecasting with both univatiate and multivatiate methods, discussing the various methods used by industry, with a special focus on the GARCH family of models. The evaluation of the quality of forecasts is discussed in detail. Next, the main concepts in risk and models to forecast risk are discussed, especially volatility, value-at-risk and expected shortfall. The focus is both on risk in basic assets such as stocks and foreign exchange, but also calculations of risk in bonds and options, with analytical methods such as delta-normal VaR and duration-normal VaR and Monte Carlo simulation. The book then moves on to the evaluation of risk models with methods like backtesting, followed by a discussion on stress testing. The book concludes by focussing on the forecasting of risk in very large and uncommon events with extreme value theory and considering the underlying assumptions behind almost every risk model in practical use – that risk is exogenous – and what happens when those assumptions are violated. Every method presented brings together theoretical discussion and derivation of key equations and a discussion of issues in practical implementation. Each method is implemented in both MATLAB and R, two of the most commonly used mathematical programming languages for risk forecasting with which the reader can implement the models illustrated in the book. The book includes four appendices. The first introduces basic concepts in statistics and financial time series referred to throughout the book. The second and third introduce R and MATLAB, providing a discussion of the basic implementation of the software packages. And the final looks at the concept of maximum likelihood, especially issues in implementation and testing. The book is accompanied by a website - www.financialriskforecasting.com – which features downloadable code as used in the book.