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Introduction To Plasmas And Plasma Dynamics

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Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics With Reviews of Applications in Space Propulsion Magnetic Fusion and Space Physics

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics  With Reviews of Applications in Space Propulsion  Magnetic Fusion and Space Physics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics With Reviews of Applications in Space Propulsion Magnetic Fusion and Space Physics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Plasma Dynamics

Introduction to Plasma Dynamics Book
Author : A. I. Morozov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1439881324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion–plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock waves, stationary flows, elements of plasma chemistry, and principles of plasma lasers. The author presents specific examples to demonstrate how to use the models and to familiarize readers with modern plasma technologies. The book describes structures of magnetic fields—one- and zero-dimensional plasma models. It considers single-, two-, and multi-component simulation models, kinetics and ionization processes, radiation transport, and plasma interaction with solid surfaces. The text also examines self-organization and general problems associated with instabilities in plasma systems. In addition, it discusses cosmic plasma dynamic systems, such as Earth’s magnetosphere, spiral nebulas, and plasma associated with the Sun. This text provides wide-range coverage of issues related to plasma dynamics, with a final chapter addressing advanced plasma technologies, including plasma generators, plasma in the home, space propulsion engines, and controlled thermonuclear fusion. It demonstrates how to approach the analysis of complex plasma systems, taking into account the diversity of plasma environments. Presenting a well-rounded introduction to plasma dynamics, the book takes into consideration the models of plasma phenomena and their relationships to one another as well as their applications.

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics Book
Author : Thomas M. York,Haibin Tang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-04
ISBN : 0128018003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics provides an accessible introduction to the understanding of high temperature, ionized gases necessary to conduct research and develop applications related to plasmas. While standard presentations of introductory material emphasize physics and the theoretical basis of the topics, this text acquaints the reader with the context of the basic information and presents the fundamental knowledge required for advanced work or study. The book relates theory to relevant devices and mechanisms, presenting a clear outline of analysis and mathematical detail; it highlights the significance of the concepts with reviews of recent applications and trends in plasma engineering, including topics of plasma formation and magnetic fusion, plasma thrusters and space propulsion. Presents the essential principles of plasma dynamics needed for effective research and development work in plasma applications Emphasizes physical understanding and supporting theoretical foundation with reference to their utilization in devices, mechanisms and phenomena Covers a range of applications, including energy conversion, space propulsion, magnetic fusion, and space physics.

An Introduction to Plasma Astrophysics and Magnetohydrodynamics

An Introduction to Plasma Astrophysics and Magnetohydrodynamics Book
Author : M. Goossens
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400710763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the visible matter in the universe exists in the plasma state. Plasmas are of major importance for space physics, solar physics, and astrophysics. On Earth they are essential for magnetic controlled thermonuclear fusion. This textbook collects lecture notes from a one-semester course taught at the K.U. Leuven to advanced undergraduate students in applied mathematics and physics. A particular strength of this book is that it provides a low threshold introduction to plasmas with an emphasis on first principles and fundamental concepts and properties. The discussion of plasma models is to a large extent limited to Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) with its merits and limitations clearly explained. MHD provides the students on their first encounter with plasmas, with a powerful plasma model that they can link to familiar classic fluid dynamics. The solar wind is studied as an example of hydrodynamics and MHD at work in solar physics and astrophysics.

Introduction to Complex Plasmas

Introduction to Complex Plasmas Book
Author : Michael Bonitz,Norman Horing,Patrick Ludwig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-29
ISBN : 9783642105920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex plasmas differ from traditional plasmas in many ways: these are low-temperature high pressure systems containing nanometer to micrometer size particles which may be highly charged and strongly interacting. The particles may be chemically reacting or be in contact with solid surfaces, and the electrons may show quantum behaviour. These interesting properties have led to many applications of complex plasmas in technology, medicine and science. Yet complex plasmas are extremely complicated, both experimentally and theoretically, and require a variety of new approaches which go beyond standard plasma physics courses. This book fills this gap presenting an introduction to theory, experiment and computer simulation in this field. Based on tutorial lectures at a very successful recent Summer Institute, the presentation is ideally suited for graduate students, plasma physicists and experienced undergraduates.

The Physics of Fluids and Plasmas

The Physics of Fluids and Plasmas Book
Author : Arnab Rai Choudhuri,Professor of Physics Arnab Rai Choudhuri
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998-11-26
ISBN : 9780521555432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A good working knowledge of fluid mechanics and plasma physics is essential for the modern astrophysicist. This graduate textbook provides a clear, pedagogical introduction to these core subjects. Assuming an undergraduate background in physics, this book develops fluid mechanics and plasma physics from first principles. This book is unique because it presents neutral fluids and plasmas in a unified scheme, clearly indicating both their similarities and their differences. Also, both the macroscopic (continuum) and microscopic (particle) theories are developed, establishing the connections between them. Throughout, key examples from astrophysics are used, though no previous knowledge of astronomy is assumed. Exercises are included at the end of chapters to test the reader's understanding. This textbook is aimed primarily at astrophysics graduate students. It will also be of interest to advanced students in physics and applied mathematics seeking a unified view of fluid mechanics and plasma physics, encompassing both the microscopic and macroscopic theories.

Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Book
Author : Francis Chen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-17
ISBN : 3319223097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This complete introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion by one of the pioneering scientists in this expanding field offers both a simple and intuitive discussion of the basic concepts of this subject and an insight into the challenging problems of current research. In a wholly lucid manner the work covers single-particle motions, fluid equations for plasmas, wave motions, diffusion and resistivity, Landau damping, plasma instabilities and nonlinear problems. For students, this outstanding text offers a painless introduction to this important field; for teachers, a large collection of problems; and for researchers, a concise review of the fundamentals as well as original treatments of a number of topics never before explained so clearly. This revised edition contains new material on kinetic effects, including Bernstein waves and the plasma dispersion function, and on nonlinear wave equations and solitons. For the third edition, updates was made throughout each existing chapter, and two new chapters were added; Ch 9 on “Special Plasmas” and Ch 10 on Plasma Applications (including Atmospheric Plasmas).

Introduction to Dusty Plasma Physics

Introduction to Dusty Plasma Physics Book
Author : P.K Shukla,A.A Mamun
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-06
ISBN : 1420034103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Dusty Plasma Physics contains a detailed description of the occurrence of dusty plasmas in our Solar System, the Earth's mesosphere, and in laboratory discharges. The book illustrates numerous mechanisms for charging dust particles and provides studies of the grain dynamics under the influence of forces that are common in dusty plasma environments.

Plasma Physics

Plasma Physics Book
Author : Richard Fitzpatrick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-08-01
ISBN : 1466594268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encompasses the Lectured Works of a Renowned Expert in the Field Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics. Mathematically Rigorous, but Driven by Physics This work contains over 80 exercises—carefully selected for their pedagogical value—with fully worked out solutions available in a separate solutions manual for professors. The author provides an in-depth discussion of the various fluid theories typically used in plasma physics. The material presents a number of applications, and works through specific topics including basic plasma parameters, the theory of charged particle motion in inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields, plasma fluid theory, electromagnetic waves in cold plasmas, electromagnetic wave propagation through inhomogeneous plasmas, magnetohydrodynamical fluid theory, and kinetic theory. Discusses fluid theory illustrated by the investigation of Langmuir sheaths Explores charged particle motion illustrated by the investigation of charged particle trapping in the earth’s magnetosphere Examines the WKB theory illustrated by the investigation of radio wave propagation in the earth’s ionosphere Studies the MHD theory illustrated by the investigation of solar wind, dynamo theory, magnetic reconnection, and MHD shocks Plasma Physics: An Introduction addresses applied areas and advanced topics in the study of plasma physics, and specifically demonstrates the behavior of ionized gas.

Physics Of Space Plasmas

Physics Of Space Plasmas Book
Author : George K Parks
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 1000303470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook was developed to provide seniors and first-year graduate students in physical sciences with a general knowledge of electrodynamic phenomena in space. Since the launch of the first unmanned satellite in 1957, experiments have been performed to study the behavior of electromagnetic fields and charged particles. There is now a considerable amount of data on hand, and many articles, including excellent review articles, have been written for the specialists. However, for students, new researchers, and non-specialists, a need still exists for a book that integrates these observations in a coherent way. This book is an attempt to meet that need by using the theory of classical electrodynamics to unify space observations. The contents of this book are based on classroom notes developed for an introductory space physics course that the author has taught for many years at the University of Washington. Students taking the course normally have had an undergraduate course in electricity and magnetism but they come with very little knowledge about space.

Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Book
Author : Francis F. Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475755953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TO THE SECOND EDITION In the nine years since this book was first written, rapid progress has been made scientifically in nuclear fusion, space physics, and nonlinear plasma theory. At the same time, the energy shortage on the one hand and the exploration of Jupiter and Saturn on the other have increased the national awareness of the important applications of plasma physics to energy production and to the understanding of our space environment. In magnetic confinement fusion, this period has seen the attainment 13 of a Lawson number nTE of 2 x 10 cm -3 sec in the Alcator tokamaks at MIT; neutral-beam heating of the PL T tokamak at Princeton to KTi = 6. 5 keV; increase of average ß to 3%-5% in tokamaks at Oak Ridge and General Atomic; and the stabilization of mirror-confined plasmas at Livermore, together with injection of ion current to near field-reversal conditions in the 2XIIß device. Invention of the tandem mirror has given magnetic confinement a new and exciting dimension. New ideas have emerged, such as the compact torus, surface-field devices, and the EßT mirror-torus hybrid, and some old ideas, such as the stellarator and the reversed-field pinch, have been revived. Radiofrequency heat ing has become a new star with its promise of dc current drive. Perhaps most importantly, great progress has been made in the understanding of the MHD behavior of toroidal plasmas: tearing modes, magnetic Vll Vlll islands, and disruptions.

An Introduction to the Atomic and Radiation Physics of Plasmas

An Introduction to the Atomic and Radiation Physics of Plasmas Book
Author : G. J. Tallents
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-02-22
ISBN : 1108321739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plasmas comprise more than 99% of the observable universe. They are important in many technologies and are key potential sources for fusion power. Atomic and radiation physics is critical for the diagnosis, observation and simulation of astrophysical and laboratory plasmas, and plasma physicists working in a range of areas from astrophysics, magnetic fusion, and inertial fusion utilise atomic and radiation physics to interpret measurements. This text develops the physics of emission, absorption and interaction of light in astrophysics and in laboratory plasmas from first principles using the physics of various fields of study including quantum mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and statistical physics. Linking undergraduate level atomic and radiation physics with the advanced material required for postgraduate study and research, this text adopts a highly pedagogical approach and includes numerous exercises within each chapter for students to reinforce their understanding of the key concepts.

Waves and Oscillations in Plasmas

Waves and Oscillations in Plasmas Book
Author : Hans L. Pécseli
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439878498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of an Outstanding Academic Title Award from CHOICE Magazine The result of more than 15 years of lectures in plasma sciences presented at universities in Denmark, Norway, and the United States, Waves and Oscillations in Plasmas addresses central issues in modern plasma sciences. The book covers fluid models as well as kinetic plasma models, including a detailed discussion of, for instance, collisionless Landau damping. Offering a clear separation of linear and nonlinear models, the book can be tailored for readers of varying levels of expertise. Designed to provide basic training in linear as well as nonlinear plasma dynamics, and practical in areas as diverse as the space sciences, laboratory experiments, plasma processing, and more, this book includes: Sections on basic experimental methods, facilitating students’ appreciation of experimental results from laboratory and space plasmas Elements of electromagnetic field theory, fluid mechanics, and wave dynamics, including features of nonlinear wave analysis Basic mathematical tools and other relevant material are summarized in Appendices Exercises as well as short sections that can be used for student presentations A comprehensive reference list reviewing classic papers and notable texts in the field Waves and Oscillations in Plasmas provides a solid foundation in basic plasma physics and its applications, giving a practical introduction to more advanced methods as well. Including simple physical interpretations where possible, this comprehensive, classroom-tested book places plasma sciences in the logical context of general classical physics.

Foundations of Plasma Physics for Physicists and Mathematicians

Foundations of Plasma Physics for Physicists and Mathematicians Book
Author : G. J. Pert
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 1119774276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive textbook on the foundational principles of plasmas, including material on advanced topics and related disciplines such as optics, fluid dynamics, and astrophysics Foundations of Plasma Physics for Physicists and Mathematicians covers the basic physics underlying plasmas and describes the methodology and techniques used in both plasma research and other disciplines such as optics and fluid mechanics. Designed to help readers develop physical understanding and mathematical competence in the subject, this rigorous textbook discusses the underlying theoretical foundations of plasma physics as well as a range of specific problems, focused on those principally associated with fusion. Reflective of the development of plasma physics, the text first introduces readers to the collective and collisional behaviors of plasma, the single particle model, wave propagation, the kinetic effects of gases and plasma, and other foundational concepts and principles. Subsequent chapters cover topics including the hydrodynamic limit of plasma, ideal magneto-hydrodynamics, waves in MHD plasmas, magnetically confined plasma, and waves in magnetized hot and cold plasma. Written by an acknowledged expert with more than five decades’ active research experience in the field, this authoritative text: Identifies and emphasizes the similarities and differences between plasmas and fluids Describes the different types of interparticle forces that influence the collective behavior of plasma Demonstrates and stresses the importance of coherent and collective effects in plasma Contains an introduction to interactions between laser beams and plasma Includes supplementary sections on the basic models of low temperature plasma and the theory of complex variables and Laplace transforms Foundations of Plasma Physics for Physicists and Mathematicians is the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in plasma physics, and a valuable compendium for physicists working in plasma physics and fluid mechanics.

Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles

Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles Book
Author : Juan G. Roederer,Hui Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-01-02
ISBN : 9783642415296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a new edition of Roederer’s classic Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, updated and considerably expanded. The main objective is to describe the dynamic properties of magnetically trapped particles in planetary radiation belts and plasmas and explain the physical processes involved from the theoretical point of view. The approach is to examine in detail the orbital and adiabatic motion of individual particles in typical configurations of magnetic and electric fields in the magnetosphere and, from there, derive basic features of the particles’ collective “macroscopic” behavior in general planetary environments. Emphasis is not on the “what” but on the “why” of particle phenomena in near-earth space, providing a solid and clear understanding of the principal basic physical mechanisms and dynamic processes involved. The book will also serve as an introduction to general space plasma physics, with abundant basic examples to illustrate and explain the physical origin of different types of plasma current systems and their self-organizing character via the magnetic field. The ultimate aim is to help both graduate students and interested scientists to successfully face the theoretical and experimental challenges lying ahead in space physics in view of recent and upcoming satellite missions and an expected wealth of data on radiation belts and plasmas.

Space Physics

Space Physics Book
Author : May-Britt Kallenrode
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662099594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Observations and physical concepts are interwoven to give basic explanations of phenomena and also show the limitations in these explanations and identify some fundamental questions. Compared to conventional plasma physics textbooks this book focuses on the concepts relevant in the large-scale space plasmas. It combines basic concepts with current research and new observations in interplanetary space and in the magnetospheres. Graduate students and young researchers starting to work in this special field of science, will find the numerous references to review articles as well as important original papers helpful to orientate themselves in the literature. Emphasis is on energetic particles and their interaction with the plasma as examples for non-thermal phenomena, shocks and their role in particle acceleration as examples for non-linear phenomena. This second edition has been updated and extended. Improvements include: the use of SI units; addition of recent results from SOHO and Ulysses; improved treatment of the magnetosphere as a dynamic phenomenon; text restructured to provide a closer coupling between basic physical concepts and observed complex phenomena.

Microscopic Dynamics of Plasmas and Chaos

Microscopic Dynamics of Plasmas and Chaos Book
Author : Y Elskens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 9781420033953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microscopic Dynamics of Plasmas and Chaos discusses the resonant wave-particle interaction in plasmas, provides the tools for chaotic Hamiltonian dynamics, and describes a turbulent macroscopic system through the chaotic classical mechanics of the corresponding N-body problem. The book begins with the fundamentals of N-body dynamics, followed by a

Turbulence and Instabilities in Magnetised Plasmas

Turbulence and Instabilities in Magnetised Plasmas Book
Author : Bruce D. Scott
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9780750325042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ever since the first observations of turbulent fluctuations in laboratory plasma experiments in the years around 1980, turbulence in magnetised plasmas has been a subject of vigorous interest in the field of plasma physics and magnetic confinement. The first of a two-volume set, this book begins with an overview of the essential nature of a plasma and a magnetised plasma, then turbulence and plasma turbulence are introduced conceptually and mathematically. There follows a theoretical interlude developing the concepts of fluid and plasma dynamics. After this, concepts of energetic consistency and nonlinear instability and mode structure are emphasised. The effects of magnetic shear and curvature, and open and closed magnetic field line flux surfaces, and finally the interaction with both background and self-generated flows, are covered. An interlude points to a second volume treating temperature gradients and fluctuations, gyrokinetic and gyrofluid theory, and the interplay with magnetohydrodynamic instabilities. Part of IOP Series in Plasma Physics.

Fluids and Plasmas

Fluids and Plasmas Book
Author : Jerrold E. Marsden
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0821850288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluids and Plasmas book written by Jerrold E. Marsden, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Space Plasma Physics

Space Plasma Physics Book
Author : A. C. Das
Publisher : Alpha Science International, Limited
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9788173195754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with two principal topics that are closely linked; basic plasma and space physics mostly related to solar system plasma. The first part contains the basic plasma processes.