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Introduction To Nuclear Mechanics And Genome Regulation

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Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation

Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-10-12
ISBN : 9780123810106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years new discoveries have made this an exciting and important field of research. This exhaustive volume presents comprehensive chapters and detailed background information for researchers working with in the field of nuclear mechanics and genome regulation. Both classic and state-of-the-art methods readily adaptable and designed to last the test of time Relevant to clinicians and scientists working in a wide range of fields

Introduction to Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation

Introduction to Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation Book
Author : G.V. Shivashankar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 9780128123454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation provides a detailed discussion of the biophysical principles underlying nuclear organization and their role in determining tissue function, cell differentiation and homeostasis, and disease expression and management. Applied case studies and full cover images support concept illustration across a diverse range of chapters covering physico-chemical constraints in DNA, 3D organization of chromosomes and functional gene clusters, spatial dimensions of DNA transcription, replication, damage and repair, and more. With its practical approach and foundational focus, this book will be an invaluable reference for students, researchers and clinicians looking to understand this area of cutting-edge study. Contains applied case studies and full color images that support concept illustration Features a diverse range of chapters that cover the fundamentals of nuclear mechanics and genome regulation, including physico-chemical constraints in DNA Introduces advanced biophysical methods, bio-imaging methods, and new molecular biology tools for studying nuclear structures

Epigenetics Nuclear Organization Gene Function

Epigenetics  Nuclear Organization   Gene Function Book
Author : John C. Lucchesi
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-12-19
ISBN : 0192567160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence. These changes, consisting principally of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNAs, maintain or modulate the initial impact of regulatory factors that recognize and associate with particular genomic sequences. Epigenetic modifications are manifest in all aspects of normal cellular differentiation and function, but they can also have damaging effects that result in pathologies such as cancer. Research is continuously uncovering the role of epigenetics in a variety of human disorders, providing new avenues for therapeutic interventions and advances in regenerative medicine. This book's primary goal is to establish a framework that can be used to understand the basis of epigenetic regulation and to appreciate both its derivation from genetics and interdependence with genetic mechanisms. A further aim is to highlight the role played by the three-dimensional organization of the genetic material itself (the complex of DNA, histones and non-histone proteins referred to as chromatin), and its distribution within a functionally compartmentalized nucleus. This architectural organization of the genome plays a major role in the subsequent retrieval, interpretation, and execution of both genetic and epigenetic information.

Anatomy of Gene Regulation

Anatomy of Gene Regulation Book
Author : Panagiotis A. Tsonis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-01-13
ISBN : 9780521804745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Table of contents

The Cell A Very Short Introduction

The Cell  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Terence Allen,Graham Cowling
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-09-29
ISBN : 0191620262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All living things on Earth are composed of cells. A cell is the simplest unit of a self-contained living organism, and the vast majority of life on Earth consists of single-celled microbes, mostly bacteria. These consist of a simple 'prokaryotic' cell, with no nucleus. The bodies of more complex plants and animals consist of billions of 'eukaryotic' cells, of varying kinds, adapted to fill different roles - red blood cells, muscle cells, branched neurons. Each cell is an astonishingly complex chemical factory, the activities of which we have only begun to unravel in the past fifty years or so through modern techniques of microscopy, biochemistry, and molecular biology. In this Very Short Introduction, Terence Allen and Graham Cowling describe the nature of cells - their basic structure, their varying forms, their division, their differentiation from initially highly flexible stem cells, their signalling, and programmed death. Cells are the basic constituent of life, and understanding cells and how they work is central to all biology and medicine. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Cell Mechanics

Cell Mechanics Book
Author : Yu-Li Wang,Dennis E. Discher
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007-07-05
ISBN : 9780080548708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cell mechanics is the field of study that looks at how cells detect, modify, and respond to the physical properties of the cell environment. Cells communicate with each other through chemical and physical signals which are involved in a range of process from embryogenesis and wound healing to pathological conditions such as cancerous invasion. Similar principles are also likely to be critical for success in regenerative medicine. Cell mechanics is thus central to understanding these principles. As cell mechanics draws from the fields of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and mathematics, this book aims not only to provide a collection of research methods, but also to develop a common language among scientists who share the interest in cell mechanics but enter the field with diverse backgrounds. To this end all of the contributing authors have sought to explain in plain language the nature of the biological problems, the rationale for the approaches, in addition to the methods themselves. In addition, to balance practical utility against conceptual advances, Cell Mechanics has intentionally included both chapters that provide detailed recipes and those that emphasize basic principles. Presents a distinctive emphasis on matrix mechanics and their interplay with cell functions Includes highly significant topics relevant to basic and translational research, as well as tissue engineering Emphasizes mechanical input and output of cells

Lipid Droplets

Lipid Droplets Book
Author : H. Robert Yang,Peng Li
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-04
ISBN : 0124095216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume of Methods in Cell Biology looks at lipid droplets LDs, covering sections on analyses of LDs in model systems, cell/tissue-specific analyses of LDs and imaging and in vitro analyses of LD biogenesis and growth. Chapters are written by experts in the field. With cutting-edge material, this comprehensive collection is intended to guide researchers of LDs for years to come. Covers sections on analyses of lipid droplets (LDs) in model systems, cell/tissue-specific analyses of LDs and imaging, and in vitro analyses of LD biogenesis and growth Chapters are written by experts in the field Cutting-edge material

The Zebrafish Cellular and Developmental Biology

The Zebrafish  Cellular and Developmental Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-12-24
ISBN : 9780123848932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Methods in Cell Biology, the first of 3 parts on the subject of zebrafish, provides a comprehensive compendia of laboratory protocols and reviews covering all the new methods developed since 2004. This first volume provides state-of-the-art descriptions of novel cellular imaging technologies and methods for culture of zebrafish stem cells, summarizes protocols for analyzingthe development of major organ systems including the central nervous system (CNS), and introduces the use of the zebrafish as a model system for human diseases. Details state-of-the art zebrafish protocols, delineating critical steps in the procedures as well as potential pitfalls Summarizes the Zebrafish Genome Project

Receptor Receptor Interactions

Receptor Receptor Interactions Book
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-18
ISBN : 0124104703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume of Methods in Cell Biology looks at receptor-receptor interactions, with sections on allosteric and effector interactions, crystallization and modeling, measuring receptor-receptor interactions and oligomerization in individual classes. With cutting-edge material, this comprehensive collection is intended to guide researchers of receptor-receptor interactions for years to come. Covers sections on allosteric and effector interactions, crystallization and modeling, measuring receptor-receptor interactions and oligomerization in individual classes Chapters are written by experts in the field Cutting-edge material

Molecular and Cellular Mechanobiology

Molecular and Cellular Mechanobiology Book
Author : Shu Chien,Adam J. Engler,Peter Yingxiao Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-10
ISBN : 1493956175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will cover the cutting-edge developments in molecular and cellular mechanobiology to date. Readers will have a clear understanding of mechanobiology at the molecular and cellular levels, encompassing the mechanosensors, transducers, and transcription. An integrative approach across different scales from molecular sensing to mechanotransduction and gene modulation for physiological regulation of cellular functions will be explored, as well as applications to pathophysiological states in disease. A comprehensive understanding of the roles of physicochemical microenvironment and intracellular responses in determining cellular function in health and disease will also be discussed.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution Book
Author : Klaus Schwab
Publisher : Currency
Release : 2017
ISBN : 1524758868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Between the 18th and 19th centuries, Britain experienced massive leaps in technological, scientific, and economical advancement

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-01-30
ISBN : 0128052252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology presents comprehensive reviews and current advances in cell and molecular biology, and includes articles that address the structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. The series has a worldwide readership, maintaining a high standard by publishing invited articles on important and timely topics authored by prominent cell and molecular biologists. Provides comprehensive reviews and current advances Presents a wide range of perspectives on specific subjects Valuable reference material for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and professional scientists

Cancer Biology and the Nuclear Envelope

Cancer Biology and the Nuclear Envelope Book
Author : Eric C. Schirmer,Jose I. de las Heras
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-02-22
ISBN : 1489980326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Nuclear envelope (NE) defects have been linked to cancer biology since the mid-1800s, but it was not until the last few years that we have begun to understand these historical links and to realize that there are myriad ways that the NE impacts on tumorigenesis. The NE is a complex double membrane system that encloses the genome while providing structural support through the intermediate filament lamin polymer and regulating protein/ mRNA trafficking and signaling between the nucleus and cytoplasm via the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). These functions already provide some mechanisms for NE influences on cancer biology but work in the past few years has elucidated many others. Lamins and many recently identified NE transmembrane proteins (NETs) have been now shown to function in DNA repair, regulation of cell cycle and signaling, apoptosis, cell migration in metastasis and nuclear architecture and morphology. This volume presents a comprehensive overview of the wide range of functions recently identified for NE proteins and their relevance in cancer biology, providing molecular mechanisms and evidence of their value as prognostic and diagnostic markers and suggesting new avenues for the treatment of cancer. Indeed some of these recent links are already yielding promising therapies, such as the current clinical trial of selective inhibitors of the nuclear export factor exportin in certain types of leukemia, melanoma and kidney cancer."

Chromatin

Chromatin Book
Author : Ralf Blossey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-04
ISBN : 1351646818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An invaluable resource for computational biologists and researchers from other fields seeking an introduction to the topic, Chromatin: Structure, Dynamics, Regulation offers comprehensive coverage of this dynamic interdisciplinary field, from the basics to the latest research. Computational methods from statistical physics and bioinformatics are detailed whenever possible without lengthy recourse to specialized techniques.

Genomics A Very Short Introduction

Genomics  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : John M. Archibald
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-03-12
ISBN : 0191089486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics has transformed the biological sciences. From epidemiology and medicine to evolution and forensics, the ability to determine an organism's complete genetic makeup has changed the way science is done and the questions that can be asked of it. Its most celebrated achievement was the Human Genome Project, a technologically challenging endeavor that took thousands of scientists around the world 13 years and over 3 billion US dollars to complete. In this Very Short Introduction John Archibald explores the science of genomics and its rapidly expanding toolbox. Sequencing a human genome now takes only a few days and costs as little as $1,000. The genomes of simple bacteria and viruses can be sequenced in a matter of hours on a device that fits in the palm of your hand. The resulting sequences can be used to better understand our biology in health and disease and to 'personalize' medicine. Archibald shows how the field of genomics is on the cusp of another quantum leap; the implications for science and society are profound. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

CELL GEOMETRY

CELL GEOMETRY  Book
Author : G. V. SHIVASHANKAR
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781138628564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CELL GEOMETRY book written by G. V. SHIVASHANKAR, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Dynamic Genome

The Dynamic Genome Book
Author : Antonio Fontdevila
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-06-02
ISBN : 0191620793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our ever-increasing knowledge of whole genome sequences is unveiling a variety of structures and mechanisms that impinge on current evolutionary theory. The origin of species, the evolution of form, and the evolutionary impact of transposable elements are just a few of the many processes that have been revolutionised by ongoing genome studies. These novelties, among others, are examined in this book in relation to their general significance for evolution, emphasising their human relevance. The predominance of non-coding DNA in the human genome, the long-term adaptive role of so called "junk DNA" in the evolution of new functions, and the key evolutionary differences that define our humanity are just some of the controversial issues that this book examines in the context of Darwinian evolution. The author's principle intention is to show that whilst genomics is revealing new and previously unanticipated mechanisms and sources of variability that must be incorporated into evolutionary theory, there is no reason to dismiss the role of natural selection as the mechanism that sorts out these potentialities. In other words, this genome potential provides new possibilities (and also constraints) for evolution, but the realization of this potential is driven by natural selection.

Biomechanics in Oncology

Biomechanics in Oncology Book
Author : Cheng Dong,Nastaran Zahir,Konstantinos Konstantopoulos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-27
ISBN : 3319952943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers multi-scale biomechanics for oncology, ranging from cells and tissues to whole organ. Topics covered include, but not limited to, biomaterials in mechano-oncology, non-invasive imaging techniques, mechanical models of cell migration, cancer cell mechanics, and platelet-based drug delivery for cancer applications. This is an ideal book for graduate students, biomedical engineers, and researchers in the field of mechanobiology and oncology. This book also: Describes how mechanical properties of cancer cells, the extracellular matrix, tumor microenvironment and immuno-editing, and fluid flow dynamics contribute to tumor progression and the metastatic process Provides the latest research on non-invasive imaging, including traction force microscopy and brillouin confocal microscopy Includes insight into NCIs’ role in supporting biomechanics in oncology research Details how biomaterials in mechano-oncology can be used as a means to tune materials to study cancer

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics Book
Author : Christophe Lavelle,Jean-Marc Victor
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 012803503X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics provides a definitive resource for (bio)physicists and molecular and cellular biologists whose research involves an understanding of the organization of the genome and the mechanisms of its proper reading, maintenance, and replication by the cell. This book brings together the biochemical and physical characteristics of genome organization, providing a relevant framework in which to interpret the control of gene expression and cell differentiation. It includes work from a group of international experts, including biologists, physicists, mathematicians, and bioinformaticians who have come together for a comprehensive presentation of the current developments in the nuclear dynamics and architecture field. The book provides the uninitiated with an entry point to a highly dynamic, but complex issue, and the expert with an opportunity to have a fresh look at the viewpoints advocated by researchers from different disciplines. Highlights the link between the (bio)chemistry and the (bio)physics of chromatin Deciphers the complex interplay between numerous biochemical factors at task in the nucleus and the physical state of chromatin Provides a collective view of the field by a large, diverse group of authors with both physics and biology backgrounds

The Nuclear Envelope

The Nuclear Envelope Book
Author : Sue Shackleton,Philippe Collas,Eric C. Schirmer
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 9781493935284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a wide range of protocols used in studying the nuclear envelope, with special attention to the experimental adjustments that may be required to successfully investigate this complex organelle in cells from various organisms. The Nuclear Envelope: Methods and Protocols is divided into five sections: Part I – Nuclear Envelope Isolation; Part II – Nuclear Envelope Protein Interactions, Localization, and Dynamics; Part III – Nuclear Envelope Interactions with the Cytoskeleton; Part IV – Nuclear Envelope-Chromatin Interactions; and Part V – Nucleo-Cytoplasmic Transport. Many of the modifications discussed in this book have only been circulated within laboratories that have conducted research in this field for many years. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting edge and thorough, The Nuclear Envelope: Methods and Protocols is a timely resource for researchers who have joined this dynamic and rapidly growing field.