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Introduction To Non Equilibrium Physical Chemistry

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Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry

Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Book
Author : R. P. Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-16
ISBN : 9780080551807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry presents a critical and comprehensive account of Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry from theoretical and experimental angle. It covers a wide spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena from steady state close to equilibrium to non-linear region involving transition to bistability, temporal oscillations, spatio-temporal oscillations and finally to far from equilibrium phenomena such as complex pattern formation, dynamic instability at interfaces, Chaos and complex growth phenomena (fractals) in Physico-chemical systems. Part I of the book deals with theory and experimental studies concerning transport phenomena in membranes (Thermo-osmosis,Electroosmotic ) and in continuous systems (Thermal diffusion,Soret effect) close to equilibrium Experimental tests provide insight into the domain of validity of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics ,which is the major theoretical tool for this region. Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix. Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies. Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity. The book provides a critical account of theoretical studies on non-equilibrium phenomenon from region close to equilibrium to far equilibrium Experimental studies have been reported which provide test of the theories and their limitations Impacts of the concepts developed in non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry in sociology, economics and other social science and living systems has been discussed

Introduction to Non equilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics

Introduction to Non equilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : Shigeji Fujita
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to Non equilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics book written by Shigeji Fujita, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book
Author : Yasar Demirel,Vincent Gerbaud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-02
ISBN : 9780444641120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Fourth Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This edition updates and expands the previous chapters in the third edition by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The updates expansions includes stochastic approaches, self-organization criticality, ecosystems, mesoscopic thermodynamics, constructal law, quantum thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems. The new edition emphasizes nonequilibrium thermodynamics tools, such as fluctuation theories, mesoscopic thermodynamic analysis, information theories, and quantum thermodynamics in describing and designing small scale systems. This new addition also come with more examples and practice problems. A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, constructal law, and quantum thermodynamics Has 195 fully solved examples and 280 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the authors

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Book
Author : Sybren Ruurds de Groot,Peter Mazur
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 1984-01-01
ISBN : 9780486647418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classic monograph treats the irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications of the field with special chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, derivation of the Onsager reciprocal relations, more. 4 black-and-white illustrations.

Synergetics

Synergetics Book
Author : Hermann Haken
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642963633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The spontaneous formation of well organized structures out of germs or even out of chaos is one of the most fascinating phenomena and most challenging problems scientists are confronted with. Such phenomena are an experience of our daily life when we observe the growth of plants and animals. Thinking of much larger time scales, scientists are led into the problems of evolution, and, ultimately, of the origin of living matter. When we try to explain or understand in some sense these extremely complex biological phenomena it is a natural question, whether pro cesses of self-organization may be found in much simpler systems of the un animated world. In recent years it has become more and more evident that there exist numerous examples in physical and chemical systems where well organized spatial, temporal, or spatio-temporal structures arise out of chaotic states. Furthermore, as in living of these systems can be maintained only by a flux of organisms, the functioning energy (and matter) through them. In contrast to man-made machines, which are to exhibit special structures and functionings, these structures develop spon devised It came as a surprise to many scientists that taneously-they are self-organizing. numerous such systems show striking similarities in their behavior when passing from the disordered to the ordered state. This strongly indicates that the function of such systems obeys the same basic principles. In our book we wish to explain ing such basic principles and underlying conceptions and to present the mathematical tools to cope with them.

Energy and Entropy

Energy and Entropy Book
Author : Michael E. Starzak
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-01-06
ISBN : 0387778225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of thermodynamics is often limited to classical thermodynamics where minimal laws and concepts lead to a wealth of equations and applications. The resultant equations best describe systems at equilibrium with no temporal or s- tial parameters. The equations do, however, often provide accurate descriptions for systems close to equilibrium. . Statistical thermodynamics produces the same equilibrium information starting with the microscopic properties of the atoms or molecules in the system that correlates with the results from macroscopic classical thermodynamics. Because both these disciplines develop a wealth of information from a few starting postulates, e. g. , the laws of thermodyamics, they are often introduced as independent disciplines. However, the concepts and techniques dev- oped for these disciplines are extremely useful in many other disciplines. This book is intended to provide an introduction to these disciplines while revealing the connections between them. Chemical kinetics uses the statistics and probabilities developed for statistical thermodynamics to explain the evolution of a system to equilibrium. Irreversible thermodynamics, which is developed from the equations of classical thermodyn- ics, centers on distance-dependent forces, and time-dependent ?uxes. The force ?ux equations of irreversible thermodynamics lead are generated from the intensive and extensive variables of classical thermodynamics. These force ?ux equations lead, in turn, to transport equations such as Fick’s ?rst law of diffusion and the Nernst Planck equation for electrochemical transport. The book illustrates the concepts using some simple examples.

Introduction to Statistical Mechanics

Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : John Dirk Walecka
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2011-08-12
ISBN : 9813100613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The science of statistical mechanics is concerned with defining the thermodynamic properties of a macroscopic sample in terms of the properties of the microscopic systems of which it is composed. The aim of this book is to provide a clear, logical, and self-contained treatment of equilibrium statistical mechanics starting from Boltzmann's two statistical assumptions, and to present a wide variety of applications to diverse physical assemblies. The coverage is enhanced and extended through an extensive set of accessible problems. An appendix provides an introduction to non-equilibrium statistical mechanics through the Boltzmann equation and its extensions. The book assumes introductory courses in classical and quantum mechanics, as well as familiarity with multi-variable calculus and the essentials of complex analysis. Some knowledge of thermodynamics is assumed, although the book starts with an appropriate review of that topic. The targeted audience is first-year graduate students, and advanced undergraduates, in physics, chemistry, and the related physical sciences. The goal of this text is to help the reader obtain a clear working knowledge of the very useful and powerful methods of equilibrium statistical mechanics and to enhance the understanding and appreciation of the more advanced texts.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : Phil Attard
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-10-04
ISBN : 019163977X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

`Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics: Foundations and Applications' builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. It is a pedagogic introduction, a comprehensive reference manual, and an original research monograph. Uniquely, the book treats time-dependent systems by close analogy with their static counterparts, with most of the familiar results of equilibrium thermodynamics and statistical mechanics being generalized and applied to the non-equilibrium case. The book is notable for its unified treatment of thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, stochastic processes, and statistical mechanics, for its self-contained, coherent derivation of a variety of non-equilibrium theorems, and for its quantitative tests against experimental measurements and computer simulations. Systems that evolve in time are more common than static systems, and yet until recently they lacked any over-arching theory. 'Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics' is unique in its unified presentation of the theory of non-equilibrium systems, which has now reached the stage of quantitative experimental and computational verification. The novel perspective and deep understanding that this book brings offers the opportunity for new direction and growth in the study of time-dependent phenomena. 'Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics' is an invaluable reference manual for experts already working in the field. Research scientists from different disciplines will find the overview of time-dependent systems stimulating and thought-provoking. Lecturers in physics and chemistry will be excited by many fresh ideas and topics, insightful explanations, and new approaches. Graduate students will benefit from its lucid reasoning and its coherent approach, as well as from the chem12physof mathematical techniques, derivations, and computer algorithms.

Student Study Guide

Student Study Guide Book
Author : Rajinder Pal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9781925823844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Student Study Guide presents a condensed and simplified version of the text INTRODUCTION TO ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF EQUILIBRIUM STAGED SEPARATION PROCESSES in a power-point format. It reviews the essentials of all chapters of the text in a concise and easy to understand manner. Students will find it useful in understanding and reviewing the subject matter quickly especially when preparing for exams. It should serve as a supplement to the text as it does not cover all the detailed explanations and examples given in the text. For more details, please visit https: //centralwestpublishing.com

Introduction to Statistical Mechanics

Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : John Dirk Walecka
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2016-08-25
ISBN : 9813148152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Statistical mechanics is concerned with defining the thermodynamic properties of a macroscopic sample in terms of the properties of the microscopic systems of which it is composed. The previous book Introduction to Statistical Mechanics provided a clear, logical, and self-contained treatment of equilibrium statistical mechanics starting from Boltzmann's two statistical assumptions, and presented a wide variety of applications to diverse physical assemblies. An appendix provided an introduction to non-equilibrium statistical mechanics through the Boltzmann equation and its extensions. The coverage in that book was enhanced and extended through the inclusion of many accessible problems. The current book provides solutions to those problems. These texts assume only introductory courses in classical and quantum mechanics, as well as familiarity with multi-variable calculus and the essentials of complex analysis. Some knowledge of thermodynamics is also assumed, although the analysis starts with an appropriate review of that topic. The targeted audience is first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates, in physics, chemistry, and the related physical sciences. The goal of these texts is to help the reader obtain a clear working knowledge of the very useful and powerful methods of equilibrium statistical mechanics and to enhance the understanding and appreciation of the more advanced texts.

Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics

Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics Book
Author : Halid Bikkin,Igor I. Lyapilin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-08-22
ISBN : 3110373009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Starting from phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the kinetic equation method discussed and demonstrated with electrons and phonons in conducting crystals. Linear response theory as well as the non-equilibrium statistical operator and the master equation approach are discussed in the course of the book. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show", this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field. Problems and their well-documented solutions included at appropriate points of the narrative allow the reader to actively develop essential parts of the theory himself. From the content: Phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes Brownian motion Kinetic equations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics Kinetic equation for electrons and phonons in conducting crystals Theory of non-linear response to an external mechanical pertubation Non-equilibrium statistical operator method Response of a highly non-equilibrium system to a weakly measuring field Master equation approach

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows

Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Multiphase Flows Book
Author : Roberto Mauri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-08
ISBN : 9400754612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a general framework that allows the macroscopic description of irreversible processes. This book introduces non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications to the rheology of multiphase flows. The subject is relevant to graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering, physics and material science. This book is divided into two parts. The first part presents the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, reviewing its essential features and showing, when possible, some applications. The second part of this book deals with how the general theory can be applied to model multiphase flows and, in particular, how to determine their constitutive relations. Each chapter contains problems at the end, the solutions of which are given at the end of the book. No prior knowledge of statistical mechanics is required; the necessary prerequisites are elements of transport phenomena and on thermodynamics. “The style of the book is mathematical, but nonetheless it remains very readable and anchored in the physical world rather than becoming too abstract. Though it is up-to-date and includes recent important developments, there is a lot of classical material in the book, albeit presented with unprecedented clarity and coherence. The first six chapters are actually a very good introduction to the theory underlying many phenomena in soft matter physics, beyond the focus on flow and transport of the later chapters of the book.” Prof Richard A.L. Jones FRS, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research and Innovation, University of Sheffield

Solutions Manual Introduction to Analysis and Design of Equilibrium Staged Separation Processes

Solutions Manual  Introduction to Analysis and Design of Equilibrium Staged Separation Processes Book
Author : Rajinder Pal
Publisher : Chemical Engineering
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 9781925823776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Solutions Manual gives complete solutions of all the practice problems given at the end of each chapter (total of 16 chapters) of the text INTRODUCTION TO ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF EQUILIBRIUM STAGED SEPARATION PROCESSES. For the convenience of the readers, the practice problems given in the text have been restated before providing the solution.

Synergetics

Synergetics Book
Author : H. Haken
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synergetics book written by H. Haken, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems

Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems Book
Author : Gianluca Stefanucci,Robert van Leeuwen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-03-07
ISBN : 0521766176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A pedagogical introduction to nonequilibrium theory, time-dependent phenomena and excited state properties, for graduate students and researchers.

Statistical Dynamics

Statistical Dynamics Book
Author : R. F. Streater
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1848162448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can one construct dynamical systems obeying the first and second laws of thermodynamics: mean energy is conserved and entropy increases with time? This book answers the question for classical probability (Part I) and quantum probability (Part II). A novel feature is the introduction of heat particles which supply thermal noise and represent the kinetic energy of the molecules. When applied to chemical reactions, the theory leads to the usual nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations as well as modifications of them. These can exhibit oscillations, or can converge to equilibrium.In this second edition, the text is simplified in parts and the bibliography has been expanded. The main difference is the addition of two new chapters; in the first, classical fluid dynamics is introduced. A lattice model is developed, which in the continuum limit gives us the Euler equations. The five Navier-Stokes equations are also presented, modified by a diffusion term in the continuity equation. The second addition is in the last chapter, which now includes estimation theory, both classical and quantum, using information geometry.

Physics of Dendrites

Physics of Dendrites Book
Author : P K Galenko,V A Zhuravlev
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1995-01-16
ISBN : 9814501247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the growth of macrostructures in first-order nonequilibrium phase transitions in physical, chemical and biological multicomponent systems. Nonequilibrium thermodynamics and modern problems of crystallization synergetics are discussed. An introduction to computer physics of dendrites is also given. Wonderful variety in growth structures appears to be the consequence of different nonequilibrium alloy crystallization conditions and concerns problems of crystallization synergetics. This book has computer simulation results of the origin and development of the observed variety of primary macroscopic growth structures — cells, dendrites and grains should be regarded as one of the fundamental problems of alloy crystallization. Special attention is paid to the physical nature of phenomena of dendrite formation in alloys. Contents:Introduction to Structure Formation PhysicsDendrite–Grain Structures: ExperimentCrystallization SynergeticsIsotropic Model of Dendrite CrystallizationAnisotropic Model of Dendritic Crystallization Readership: Physicists, computational physicists, applied mathematicians, engineers, tutors, graduates and undergraduates. keywords:Solidification;Solute;Diffusion;Interface;Kinetics;Model;Dendrite;Crystal;Morphology;Alloy;Modeling

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics Book
Author : Frank Weinhold
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2009-01-14
ISBN : 9780470402368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because it is grounded in math, chemical thermodynamics is often perceived as a difficult subject and many students are never fully comfortable with it. The first authoritative textbook presentation of equilibrium chemical and phase thermodynamics in a reformulated geometrical framework, Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics shows how this famously difficult subject can be accurately expressed with only elementary high-school geometry concepts. Featuring numerous suggestions for research-level extensions, this simplified alternative to standard calculus-based thermodynamics expositions is perfect for undergraduate and beginning graduate students as well as researchers.

An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Iron Steel Making

An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Iron   Steel Making Book
Author : Robert George Ward
Publisher : London : Edward Arnold
Release : 1962
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Iron Steel Making book written by Robert George Ward, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nonequilibrium Sorption Under Physical and Chemical Heterogeneity

Nonequilibrium Sorption Under Physical and Chemical Heterogeneity Book
Author : Hakan Sirin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nonequilibrium Sorption Under Physical and Chemical Heterogeneity book written by Hakan Sirin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.