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Introduction To Network Traffic Flow Theory

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Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory

Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory Book
Author : Wen-Long Jin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 0128158417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory: Principles, Concepts, Models, and Methods provides a comprehensive introduction to modern theories for modeling, mathematical analysis and traffic simulations in road networks. The book breaks ground, addressing traffic flow theory in a network setting and providing researchers and transportation professionals with a better understanding of how network traffic flows behave, how congestion builds and dissipates, and how to develop strategies to alleviate network traffic congestion. The book also shows how network traffic flow theory is key to understanding traffic estimation, control, management and planning. Users wills find this to be a great resource on both theory and applications across a wide swath of subjects, including road networks and reduced traffic congestion. Covers the most theoretically and practically relevant network traffic flow theories Provides a systematic introduction to traditional and recently developed models, including cell transmission, link transmission, link queue, point queue, macroscopic and microscopic models, junction models and network stationary states Applies modern network traffic flow theory to real-world applications in modeling, analysis, estimation, control, management and planning

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control Book
Author : Boris S. Kerner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-16
ISBN : 3642026052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to now in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cannot explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are not consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book “The Physics of Traf?c” (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes no more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf?c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an “elementary” traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicationofthebook“ThePhysicsofTraf?c”.

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow Book
Author : Wilhelm Leutzbach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642613535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes a coherent approach to the explanation of the movement of individual vehicles or groups of vehicles. To avoid possible misunderstandings, some preliminary remarks are called for. 1. This is intended to be a textbook. It brings together methods and approaches that are widely distributed throughout the literature and that are therefore difficult to assess. Text citations of sources have been avoided; literature references are listed together at the end of the book. 2. The book is intended primarily for students of engineering. It describes the theoretical background necessary for an understanding of the methods by which links in a road network are designed and dimensioned or by which traffic is controlled; the methods themselves are not dealt with. It may also assist those actually working in such sectors to interpret the results of traffic flow measure ments more accurately than has hitherto been the case. 3. The book deals with traffic flow on links between nodes, and not at nodes themselves. Many readers will probably regret this, since nodes are usually the bottlenecks which limit the capacity of the road network. A book dedicated to the node would be the obvious follow-up. A separation of link and node is justified, however, partly because the quantity of material has to be kept within reasonable bounds and partly because the treatment of traffic flow at nodes requires additional mathematical techniques (in particular, those relating to queueing theory).

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory Book
Author : Lily Elefteriadou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 1461484359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides a comprehensive and concise treatment of the topic of traffic flow theory and includes several topics relevant to today’s highway transportation system. It provides the fundamental principles of traffic flow theory as well as applications of those principles for evaluating specific types of facilities (freeways, intersections, etc.). Newer concepts of Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and their potential impact on traffic flow are discussed. State-of-the-art in traffic flow research and microscopic traffic analysis and traffic simulation have significantly advanced and are also discussed in this text. Real world examples and useful problem sets complement each chapter. This textbook is meant for use in advanced undergraduate/graduate level courses in traffic flow theory with prerequisites including two semesters of calculus, statistics, and an introductory course in transportation. The text would also be of interest to transportation professionals as a refresher in traffic flow theory, or as a reference. Students and engineers of diverse backgrounds will find this text accessible and applicable to today’s traffic issues.

Transportation Systems Analysis

Transportation Systems Analysis Book
Author : Ennio Cascetta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-22
ISBN : 0387758577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Optimization Models and Methods for Equilibrium Traffic Assignment

Optimization Models and Methods for Equilibrium Traffic Assignment Book
Author : Alexander Krylatov,Victor Zakharov,Tero Tuovinen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-26
ISBN : 303034102X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is focused on the discussion of the traffic assignment problem, the mathematical and practical meaning of variables, functions and basic principles. This work gives information about new approaches, methods and algorithms based on original methodological technique, developed by authors in their publications for the past several years, as well as corresponding prospective implementations. The book may be of interest to a wide range of readers, such as civil engineering students, traffic engineers, developers of traffic assignment algorithms etc. The obtained results here are to be used in both practice and theory. This book is devoted to the traffic assignment problem, formulated in a form of nonlinear optimization program. The most efficient solution algorithms related to the problem are based on its structural features and practical meaning rather than on standard nonlinear optimization techniques or approaches. The authors have carefully considered the meaning of the traffic assignment problem for efficient algorithms development.

Communcations and Information Processing

Communcations and Information Processing Book
Author : Maotai Zhao,Junping Sha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-28
ISBN : 3642319688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two volume set, CCIS 288 and 289, constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference on Communications and Information Processing, ICCIP 2012, held in Aveiro, Portugal, in March 2012. The 168 revised full papers of both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers present the state-of-the-art in communications and information processing and feature current research on the theory, analysis, design, test and deployment related to communications and information processing systems.

Geometric Design of Roads Handbook

Geometric Design of Roads Handbook Book
Author : Keith M. Wolhuter
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 1482288729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the Art and Science of Geometric Design The Geometric Design of Roads Handbook covers the design of the visible elements of the road—its horizontal and vertical alignments, the cross-section, intersections, and interchanges. Good practice allows the smooth and safe flow of traffic as well as easy maintenance. Geometric design is covered in depth. The book also addresses the underpinning disciplines of statistics, traffic flow theory, economic and utility analysis, systems analysis, hydraulics and drainage, capacity analysis, coordinate calculation, environmental issues, and public transport. Background Material for the Practicing Designer A key principle is recognizing what the driver wishes to do rather than what the vehicle can do. The book takes a human factors approach to design, drawing on the concept of the "self-explaining road." It also emphasizes the need for consistency of design and shows how this can be quantified, and sets out the issues of the design domain context, the extended design domain concept, and the design exception. The book is not simply an engineering manual, but properly explores context-sensitive design. Discover and Develop Real-World Solutions Changes in geometric design over the last few years have been dramatic and far-reaching and this is the first book to draw these together into a practical guide which presents a proper and overriding philosophy of design for road and highway designers, and students. This text: Covers the basics of geometric design Explores key aspects of multimodal design Addresses drainage and environmental issues Reviews practical standards, procedures, and guidelines Provides additional references for further reading A practical guide for graduate students taking geometric design, traffic operations/capacity analysis, and public transport, the Geometric Design of Roads Handbook introduces a novel approach that addresses the human aspect in the design process and incorporates relevant concepts that can help readers create and implement safe and efficient designs.

Introduction to Queueing Networks

Introduction to Queueing Networks Book
Author : J. MacGregor Smith
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 3319788221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book examines the performance and optimization of systems where queueing and congestion are important constructs. Both finite and infinite queueing systems are examined. Many examples and case studies are utilized to indicate the breadth and depth of the queueing systems and their range of applicability. Blocking of these processes is very important and the book shows how to deal with this problem in an effective way and not only compute the performance measures of throughput, cycle times, and WIP but also to optimize the resources within these systems. The book is aimed at advanced undergraduate, graduate, and professionals and academics interested in network design, queueing performance models and their optimization. It assumes that the audience is fairly sophisticated in their mathematical understanding, although the explanations of the topics within the book are fairly detailed.

Breakdown in Traffic Networks

Breakdown in Traffic Networks Book
Author : Boris S. Kerner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-26
ISBN : 3662544733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks. Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid. The book - proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks - discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories - shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and - explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion, making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Traffic Flow Modelling

Traffic Flow Modelling Book
Author : Femke Kessels
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 3319786954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the main traffic flow modelling approaches and discusses their features and applications. It provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge review of traffic flow models, from their roots in the 1930s to the latest developments in the field. In addition, it presents problem sets that offer readers further insights into the models and hands-on experience with simulation approaches. The simulations used in the exercises can be built upon for readers’ own research or other applications. The models discussed in this book are applied to describe, predict and control traffic flows on roads with the aid of rapid and accurate estimations of current and future states. The book shows how these models are developed, what their chief characteristics are, and how they can be effectively employed.

Vehicular Communications and Networks

Vehicular Communications and Networks Book
Author : Wai Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-09
ISBN : 1782422161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vehicular Communications and Networks: Architectures, Protocols, Operation and Deployment discusses VANETs (Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks) or VCS (Vehicular Communication Systems), which can improve safety, decrease fuel consumption, and increase the capacity of existing roadways and which is critical for the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) industry. Part one covers architectures for VCS, part two describes the physical layer, antenna technologies and propagation models, part three explores protocols, algorithms, routing and information dissemination, and part four looks at the operation and deployment of vehicular communications and networks. Comprehensive coverage of the fundamental principles behind Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETS) and the rapidly growing need for their further development Thorough overview of the design and development of key technologies and devices Explores the practical application of this technology by outlining a number of case studies, testbeds and simulations employing vehicular communications and networks

Algorithmics of Large and Complex Networks

Algorithmics of Large and Complex Networks Book
Author : Jürgen Lerner,Dorothea Wagner,Katharina Zweig
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-06-29
ISBN : 3642020941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Networks play a central role in today’s society, since many sectors employing information technology, such as communication, mobility, and transport - even social interactions and political activities - are based on and rely on networks. In these times of globalization and the current global financial crisis with its complex and nearly incomprehensible entanglements of various structures and its huge effect on seemingly unrelated institutions and organizations, the need to understand large networks, their complex structures, and the processes governing them is becoming more and more important. This state-of-the-art survey reports on the progress made in selected areas of this important and growing field, thus helping to analyze existing large and complex networks and to design new and more efficient algorithms for solving various problems on these networks since many of them have become so large and complex that classical algorithms are not sufficient anymore. This volume emerged from a research program funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) consisting of projects focusing on the design of new discrete algorithms for large and complex networks. The 18 papers included in the volume present the results of projects realized within the program and survey related work. They have been grouped into four parts: network algorithms, traffic networks, communication networks, and network analysis and simulation.

Decision and Game Theory for Security

Decision and Game Theory for Security Book
Author : Quanyan Zhu,John S. Baras,Radha Poovendran,Juntao Chen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 3030647935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Decision and Game Theory for Security, GameSec 2020,held in College Park, MD, USA, in October 2020. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually The 21 full papers presented together with 2 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 29 submissions. The papers focus on machine learning and security; cyber deception; cyber-physical systems security; security of network systems; theoretic foundations of security games; emerging topics.

Neural Networks in Transport Applications

Neural Networks in Transport Applications Book
Author : Veli Himanen,Peter Nijkamp,Aura Reggiani
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-07-09
ISBN : 0429817649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1998, this volume enters the debate on human behaviour in the form of neural networks in a spatial context. As most transportation research techniques had been developed in the 1960s and 1970s, these authors sought to bring that research into the modern era. Featuring 17 articles from 37 contributors, it begins with an overview and proceeds to examine aspects of travel behaviour, traffic flow and traffic management.

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Engineering Book
Author : Dusan Teodorovic,Milan Janic
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0128038896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation Engineering: Theory, Practice and Modeling is a guide for integrating multi-modal transportation networks and assessing their potential cost and impact on society and the environment. Clear and rigorous in its coverage, the authors begin with an exposition of theory related to traffic engineering and control, transportation planning, and an evaluation of transportation alternatives that is followed by models and methods for predicting travel and freight transportation demand, analyzing existing and planning new transportation networks, and developing traffic control tactics and strategies. Written by an author team with over thirty years of experience in both research and teaching, the book incorporates both theory and practice to facilitate greener solutions. Contains worked out examples and end of the chapter questions Covers all forms of transportation engineering, including air, rail, and public transit modes Includes modeling and analytical procedures for supporting different aspects of traffic and transportation analyses Examines different transport mode sand how to make them sustainable Explains the economics of transport systems in terms of users’ value of time

Network Traffic Engineering

Network Traffic Engineering Book
Author : Andrea Baiocchi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-11
ISBN : 1119632439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO THE CONCEPTS AND APPLICATIONS OF QUEUING THEORY AND TRAFFIC THEORY Network Traffic Engineering: Stochastic Models and Applications provides an advanced level queuing theory guide for students with a strong mathematical background who are interested in analytic modeling and performance assessment of service system networks, with a focus on communication networks. The text begins with the basics of queuing theory before moving on to more advanced levels. Examples and applications are a key part of the material. The topics covered in the book are derived from cutting-edge research, project development, teaching activity, and discussions on the subject. They include applications of queuing and traffic theory in: Cellular networks Wi-Fi networks Ad-hoc and vehicular networks Congestion control in the Internet The distinguished author seeks to show how insight into practical and real-world problems can be gained by means of quantitative modeling. Perfect for graduate and PhD students of engineering and science in the field of Information and Communication Technologies, including computer, telecommunications, and electrical engineering, computer science, data science, Network Traffic Engineering offers a supremely practical approach, grounded on a solid theoretical foundation, to a rapidly developing field of study and industry.

Theory Numerics and Applications of Hyperbolic Problems I

Theory  Numerics and Applications of Hyperbolic Problems I Book
Author : Christian Klingenberg,Michael Westdickenberg
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-23
ISBN : 3319915452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of two volumes, this edited proceedings book features research presented at the XVI International Conference on Hyperbolic Problems held in Aachen, Germany in summer 2016. It focuses on the theoretical, applied, and computational aspects of hyperbolic partial differential equations (systems of hyperbolic conservation laws, wave equations, etc.) and of related mathematical models (PDEs of mixed type, kinetic equations, nonlocal or/and discrete models) found in the field of applied sciences.

Communication Technologies for Vehicles

Communication Technologies for Vehicles Book
Author : Benoît Hilt,Marion Berbineau,Alexey Vinel,Magnus Jonsson,Alain Pirovano
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 3030255298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Communication Technologies for Vehicles, Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains/Nets4Aircraft 2019, held in Colmar, France, in May 2019. The 9 full papers and 1 short paper in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 15 submissions. The volume features contributions in the theory or practice of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and communication technologies for: - Vehicles on the road: e.g. cars, trucks and buses; - Air: e.g. aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles; and - Rail: e.g. trains, metros and trams.

Intelligent Systems From Theory to Practice

Intelligent Systems  From Theory to Practice Book
Author : Vassil Sgurev,Mincho Hadjiski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-09-23
ISBN : 3642134289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the modern science and technology there are some research directions and ch- lenges which are at the forefront of world wide research activities because of their relevance. This relevance may be related to different aspects. First, from a point of view of researchers it can be implied by just an analytic or algorithmic difficulty in the solution of problems within an area. From a broader perspective, this re- vance can be related to how important problems and challenges in a particular area are to society, corporate or national competitiveness, etc. Needless to say that the latter, more global challenges are probably more decisive a driving force for s- ence seen from a global perspective. One of such “meta-challenges” in the present world is that of intelligent s- tems. For a long time it has been obvious that the complexity of our world and the speed of changes we face in virtually all processes that have impact on our life imply a need to automate many tasks and processes that have been so far limited to human beings because they require some sort of intelligence.